Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 879
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
- - 2010
This chapter covers the methods and measures used in the ERA study, with a special focus on age 15 outcomes. First, we outline the sample participation rate for the 15-year follow-up-the percentages in all cases referring to the numbers at the time of initial sample contact. We then describe the ...
Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Type II thyroplasty, or laryngeal framework surgery, is based on the hypothesis that the effect of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) on the voice is due to excessively tight closure of the glottis, hampering phonation. Most of the previous, partially effective treatments have aimed to relieve this tight closure, including ...
Mostafa Attiat M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of medial rectus slanting recession versus medial rectus recession with downward transposition for correction of V-pattern esotropia without significant oblique muscle dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 18 patients having V-pattern esotropia, without significant oblique muscle dysfunction were included in this randomized, prospective study. These were ...
Hong Jeanne - - 2010
Erica is a 13-year old female who was hospitalized for a 4-week history of "barking" noises and 2 weeks of generalized shaking episodes. Four weeks prior to admission, she had a viral upper respiratory infection (URI) with cough which was treated with over-the-counter cough syrup. After resolution of the URI, ...
Man Li-Xing - - 2010
We describe a unique complication of intralaryngeal cidofovir injection and present the case of a patient with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in whom both a mucosal bridge and a pit of the true vocal fold developed after intralaryngeal cidofovir injection. A 40-year-old man presented with laryngeal papillomatosis 19 years after being ...
Lee Se Yup - - 2010
To investigate the surgical outcomes of inferior oblique muscle Z myotomy in patients with inferior oblique overaction (IOOA). A prospective study was performed in 21 patients (primary IOOA in 13 patients, secondary IOOA in 8 patients) who underwent inferior oblique muscle Z myotomy. Patients with IOOA under the degree of ...
Gibbins Nicholas - - 2011
We believe that we have described the first instance of long-term follow-up of a bilateral Isshiki type IV thyroplasty in a 58-year-old woman after bilateral superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) damage. Comparison of voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) questionnaire and electrolaryngographic measurements pre- and post-thyroplasty (type IV). VHI-10 scores reduced from 25 ...
Martínez Arias Angels - - 2010
Vocal fold scars are the result of injury to the vocal fold lamina propria. This condition leads to an impaired vibration and usually to poor voice quality. The purpose of our study was to compare the pre- and posttreatment voice assessment scores in patients treated by CO(2) laser-assisted freeing of ...
Buckmire Robert A - - 2011
To determine the effectiveness of gore-tex medialization thyroplasty for the management of glottic incompetence (GI) in patients with mobile vocal folds. Twenty patients with glottic incompetence (GI) and mobile vocal folds were retrospectively analyzed after gore-tex medialization laryngoplasty. Pre- and postoperative outcome measures including grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain of ...
Portone-Maira Carissa - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine temporal variables thought to be associated with voice therapy completion. Retrospective chart review of 197 cases (120 dropouts and 77 completers) seen at two voice centers. Cases included males and females aged 15-90 years presenting with a chief complaint of dysphonia who ...
Gawdat Tamer I - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the transconjunctival frontalis suspension technique using nonabsorbable suture (4/0 polypropylene) in patients with severe blepharoptosis and poor levator function. METHODS: A total of 22 patients (33 ptotic eyelids) were included in a prospective interventional case series study. All had severe ptosis with poor levator function. Transconjunctival frontalis ...
Serafino Massimiliano - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate diplopia after orbital decompression in patients with thyroid-related orbitopathy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 45 consecutive patients who had undergone orbital decompression surgery (DS) and a subgroup of 10/45 patients who underwent disinsertion of the inferior oblique (IO) muscle during DS. Diplopia was assessed before ...
Gusek-Schneider Gabriele - - 2010
PURPOSE: To provide a longer follow-up after strabismus surgery for secondary sensory strabismus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the follow up of 26 patients operated on for secondary strabismus: 7 convergent (SSC), 19 divergent (SSD). Inclusion criteria were fellow eye without any morphological disorder, and exclusion criteria were possible motility ...
Sulica Lucian - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe and characterize essential voice tremor, including signs, symptoms, and severity, and its relation to other manifestations of essential tremor. Description of aspects of treatment is a secondary goal. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive clinical cohort study. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with essential voice tremor were identified over 40 months. Historical ...
Han Kihwan - - 2010
One of the most common complications of double eyelid operations is asymmetry. To reduce asymmetry, we fixed the dermis to the tarsal plate at the same level as the skin incision, and objectively evaluated the symmetry of the height using photogrammetry.Of 30 patients who had double eyelid operations by the ...
Eha J - - 2010
Pediatric Graves' orbitopathy is rare, thus its clinical picture is less well defined in comparison with the adult population. Therefore it is our aim to describe the clinical spectrum at our tertiary referral center. We identified 11 patients under the age of 18 years (3♂, 8♀; range 3-16 years, mean ...
Gultekin Erdogan - - 2011
To compare the short-term speech success of voice prosthesis (VP) among patients who underwent total laryngectomy or total laryngectomy in combination with neck dissection and those who received postoperative radiotherapy. Thirty-two male patients treated for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma were included. Nine patients underwent total laryngectomy and 23 underwent total ...
Remacle Marc - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective voice results of Wendler's glottoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals. We retrospectively reviewed our patients treated with Wendler's technique with minor modifications. Glottoplasty consisted in CO(2)-laser epithelial ablation of the anterior commissure and the two vocal folds in anterior third, suturing of ...
Aubry Karine - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the efficacy of CO(2) laser arytenoidectomy in the management of bilateral vocal cord paralysis in children. METHODS: Retrospective series of 17 patients who underwent laser arytenoidectomy for bilateral vocal cord between 1995 and 2008 in a tertiary care institution. All patients had bilateral laryngeal paralysis, in isolation ...
Terzis Julia K - - 2010
Surgical planning aims to restore coordinated eyelid function. Although achieving voluntary eye closure is one of the primary goals, it cannot guarantee return of involuntary blink. Restoration of the afferent pathway of the reflex is a prerequisite, but successful coordination of the reflex components and restoration of their time-related function ...
Kumar Sushil - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare levator plication with resection in congenital ptosis. METHODS: Prospective comparative randomized trial involving 20 eyes of 20 patients with age > 4 yrs, simple mild-to-moderate congenital ptosis with good-to-fair amount of levator action were included. Patients were randomized to either levator resection or plication. Outcome was compared ...
Fonseca Vinicius Ribas de Carvalho Duarte - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate swine vocal fold healing in a period of 30 days after topical mitomycin-C application. METHODS: Twelve swine underwent exeresis of mucosal flaps from the free edge of the anterior third of both vocal folds with a cold instrument (laryngeal scissors). The animals were divided into two groups: ...
Su Chih-Ying - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: A transoral approach to laser myoneurectomy of the thyroarytenoid muscles was recently reported as an effective technique for treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ASD). The short-term results were encouraging. In this study, a long-term surgical outcome of this technique is investigated. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical series. METHODS: Fifty-two ...
Sugamata Akira - - 2010
Since 2005 we have treated many older patients with upper blepharochalasis but no obvious aponeurotic ptosis by infraeyebrow excision of skin and orbicular muscle with tucking of the orbital septum. Thirty-five patients (70 lids) were studied, age range 61-80 years (mean 68). There were 6 men and 29 women, who ...
Remacle Marc - - 2010
Mutational falsetto voice is considered to be a psychogenic disorder associated with the rejection of adulthood. The initial treatment must include speech therapy and psychotherapy. However, delayed treatment and denial of the problem can cause the disorder to become recalcitrant to behavioral treatment. Modified relaxation (type III) thyroplasty was proposed ...
Henry Leonard R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) is an objective multiparametric acoustic calculation of vocal function; however, its changes after thyroidectomy have not yet been described. METHODS: Patient-reported symptoms, as well as auditory perceptual, acoustic, and videolaryngostroboscopic (VLS) data, were collected prospectively before and after thyroidectomy. Voice outcomes (normal versus negative ...
Kishimoto Yo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Therapeutic challenges exist in the management of vocal fold scarring. We have previously demonstrated the therapeutic potential of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in the management of acute phase vocal fold scarring using a novel hydrogel-based HGF drug delivery system (DDS). However, the effect of HGF on matured vocal fold ...
Bonanno Alessandro - - 2010
PURPOSE: Patients who undergo orbital exenteration often experience social problems because of their facial disfigurement. The authors studied the interaction of cancer patients who had undergone orbital exenteration with family members and friends (primary groups) and with acquaintances and strangers (secondary groups) in small and large groups. METHODS: In-depth telephone ...
Geyer Marcel - - 2010
The objectives of the study were (1) to evaluate glottic function following carbon dioxide laser-assisted phonosurgery of benign laryngeal disease, and (2) to assess postoperative glottic morphology and disease recurrence rates, using the study design of comparative prospective non-randomized case series of patients with benign glottic pathology treated by laser-assisted ...
Scolozzi Paolo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare and evaluate, using computer-aided volumetric measurements, the accuracy and reliability of nonpreformed mesh plates (NPMPs) versus 3-dimensionally preformed titanium mesh plates (PMPs) in posttraumatic orbital volume restoration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Facial coronal computed tomographic scan slices from 20 patients (10 in the NPMP and 10 in the ...
Webster Kimberly T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the swallowing and vocal function of patients after supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) as they changed over the first postoperative year. METHODS: Ten patients with laryngeal carcinoma underwent SCPL at Johns Hopkins Hospital between August 2003 and May 2005. Clinical and videofluoroscopic ...
Leow Po-Lin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in the angle of deviation over time and compare the motor success rate with different initial postoperative deviation in patients undergoing surgical correction for intermittent exotropia. METHODS: Forty-eight patients aged between 1 and 10 years who underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession for intermittent exotropia were retrospectively ...
Spierer Oriel - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare surgical outcome of hang-back and conventional bimedial rectus muscle recession in infantile esotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of 67 consecutive patients with infantile esotropia who underwent bilateral medial rectus muscle from 1990 through 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty patients were operated by hang-back technique (group 1) ...
Dionigi Gianlorenzo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of consensus to support the proper timing for postoperative laryngoscopy that is reliable to diagnose recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP) after thyroid surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of different time intervals of fiber-optic nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) on the diagnosis ...
Constantinescu Gabriella A - - 2010
We investigated the validity and feasibility of online delivery of the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT) for the treatment of the speech disorder of a patient with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The treatment was delivered in 16 sessions to the participant's home, 90 km from the speech language pathologist. A PC-based ...
So Yoon Kyoung - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We studied speech after a supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) and compared it to speech after a total laryngectomy and insertion of voice prosthesis (TL-VP). We also determined the anatomical factors related to speech after SCPL. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Historic cohort study. Patients were recruited for data collection. SUBJECTS ...
Lombardi Celestino Pio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Voice and swallowing symptoms are frequently reported early after thyroidectomy even in the absence of laryngeal nerves injury. We evaluated the short-term and long-term outcomes of these functional alterations. METHODS: Consenting patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) were enrolled. Videolaryngostroboscopy (VSL), acoustic voice analysis (AVA), and maximum phonation time (MPT) ...
Hartl Dana M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Medialization by thyroplasty or intracordal autologous fat injection provides voice improvement in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Thyroplasty is considered a "permanent" medialization, whereas fat injection is considered "temporary" because of reabsorption. The objective of this study was to compare the evolution of acoustic parameters for these procedures ...
Hassanpour Seyed Esmail - - 2009
Aesthetic surgery for correction of the lower lid bulge can be classified into 3 groups of subtractive surgery, redraping, and repositioning. The authors present a new repositioning technique with vertical plication of the orbital septum for correction of lower lid bulge. This procedure was performed on 30 individuals during a ...
Schindler Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and objective voice measurements in patients with dysphonia of different origin. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Otolaryngology department in a university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifteen patients consulting for voice disorders were enrolled in the study: 32 ...
Lifante Jean-Christophe - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the neuromonitoring of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) on the voice quality after mini-incision thyroidectomy under local/regional anesthesia and intravenous sedation. Patients undergoing mini-incision thyroidectomy under local anesthesia were prospectively randomized for either nerve monitoring ...
Park Yong Chul - - 2009
To compare the success rates and stabilities of postoperative alignment between adjustable and the non-adjustable surgeries in the treatment of sensory exotropia. A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients with sensory exotropia who had undergone unilateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection (R&R) between January 1998 and August ...
George Mercy - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the postoperative voice outcome to preoperative glottic involvement, following partial cricotracheal resection (PCTR) in children. The glottic involvement was analysed based on the extent of subglottic stenosis (SGS) in the endoscopic image and functional dynamic assessment using flexible endoscopy. METHODS: We conducted an interobserver study in which ...
Menon Vimla - - 2010
To evaluate the surgical outcome of unilateral versus bilateral rectus recession for the correction of moderate exotropia. This was a prospective study of 20 consecutive cases of intermittent exotropia ranging from 15 to 25 prism diopters (PD) randomized into two groups and operated on by a single surgeon. In the ...
Keskinbora Kadircan H - - 2010
To determine whether unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition alone could be an effective procedure for treating superior oblique palsy with inferior oblique overaction. The records of 38 patients who underwent unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition for unilateral superior oblique palsy with inferior oblique overaction were evaluated. A comprehensive ocular examination ...
Koçak Ismail - - 2010
To treat androphonic voice quality after failed cricothyroid approximation (CTA) surgery. Prospective case series. The voices of three male-to-female transsexuals, two constitutional androphonic females, and one patient with ambiguous genitalia assigned to the female phenotype were deemed to be unimproved after CTA. The patients underwent laser reduction glottoplasty (LRG) surgery ...
Little Max A - - 2011
Clinical acoustic voice-recording analysis is usually performed using classical perturbation measures, including jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonic ratios (NHRs). However, restrictive mathematical limitations of these measures prevent analysis for severely dysphonic voices. Previous studies of alternative nonlinear random measures addressed wide varieties of vocal pathologies. Here, we analyze a single vocal ...
Bozec Alexandre - - 2010
The aims of this retrospective study were to evaluate prosthetic voice restoration by tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) in laryngectomized patients and to identify clinical factors correlated with functional outcomes. Between 2000 and 2008, 103 patients who underwent total laryngectomy or pharyngolaryngectomy (TPL) were included in our study. Functional outcomes were recorded ...
Sproson Eleanor - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified technique of type I thyroplasty using general anaesthetic with a laryngeal mask and then local anaesthetic. METHODS: General anaesthesia with a laryngeal mask is used while the delicate marking and windowing of the thyroid cartilage occurs. The patient is then woken, so that vocalisation can ...
Stager Sheila V - - 2010
Unilateral vocal fold paresis (UVFP) patients were examined over time for achievement of partial or full functional return or no functional return in the extent of arytenoid movement, clarity of laryngeal articulation, maximum phonation time (MPT), and flow. Effects of treatment type and initial laryngeal electromyography (EMG) results were examined. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >