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Han Kihwan - - 2010
One of the most common complications of double eyelid operations is asymmetry. To reduce asymmetry, we fixed the dermis to the tarsal plate at the same level as the skin incision, and objectively evaluated the symmetry of the height using photogrammetry.Of 30 patients who had double eyelid operations by the ...
Eha J - - 2010
Pediatric Graves' orbitopathy is rare, thus its clinical picture is less well defined in comparison with the adult population. Therefore it is our aim to describe the clinical spectrum at our tertiary referral center. We identified 11 patients under the age of 18 years (3♂, 8♀; range 3-16 years, mean ...
Gultekin Erdogan - - 2011
To compare the short-term speech success of voice prosthesis (VP) among patients who underwent total laryngectomy or total laryngectomy in combination with neck dissection and those who received postoperative radiotherapy. Thirty-two male patients treated for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma were included. Nine patients underwent total laryngectomy and 23 underwent total ...
Remacle Marc - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the objective voice results of Wendler's glottoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals. We retrospectively reviewed our patients treated with Wendler's technique with minor modifications. Glottoplasty consisted in CO(2)-laser epithelial ablation of the anterior commissure and the two vocal folds in anterior third, suturing of ...
Aubry Karine - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the efficacy of CO(2) laser arytenoidectomy in the management of bilateral vocal cord paralysis in children. METHODS: Retrospective series of 17 patients who underwent laser arytenoidectomy for bilateral vocal cord between 1995 and 2008 in a tertiary care institution. All patients had bilateral laryngeal paralysis, in isolation ...
Terzis Julia K - - 2010
Surgical planning aims to restore coordinated eyelid function. Although achieving voluntary eye closure is one of the primary goals, it cannot guarantee return of involuntary blink. Restoration of the afferent pathway of the reflex is a prerequisite, but successful coordination of the reflex components and restoration of their time-related function ...
Kumar Sushil - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare levator plication with resection in congenital ptosis. METHODS: Prospective comparative randomized trial involving 20 eyes of 20 patients with age > 4 yrs, simple mild-to-moderate congenital ptosis with good-to-fair amount of levator action were included. Patients were randomized to either levator resection or plication. Outcome was compared ...
Fonseca Vinicius Ribas de Carvalho Duarte - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate swine vocal fold healing in a period of 30 days after topical mitomycin-C application. METHODS: Twelve swine underwent exeresis of mucosal flaps from the free edge of the anterior third of both vocal folds with a cold instrument (laryngeal scissors). The animals were divided into two groups: ...
Su Chih-Ying - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: A transoral approach to laser myoneurectomy of the thyroarytenoid muscles was recently reported as an effective technique for treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ASD). The short-term results were encouraging. In this study, a long-term surgical outcome of this technique is investigated. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical series. METHODS: Fifty-two ...
Sugamata Akira - - 2010
Since 2005 we have treated many older patients with upper blepharochalasis but no obvious aponeurotic ptosis by infraeyebrow excision of skin and orbicular muscle with tucking of the orbital septum. Thirty-five patients (70 lids) were studied, age range 61-80 years (mean 68). There were 6 men and 29 women, who ...
Remacle Marc - - 2010
Mutational falsetto voice is considered to be a psychogenic disorder associated with the rejection of adulthood. The initial treatment must include speech therapy and psychotherapy. However, delayed treatment and denial of the problem can cause the disorder to become recalcitrant to behavioral treatment. Modified relaxation (type III) thyroplasty was proposed ...
Henry Leonard R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) is an objective multiparametric acoustic calculation of vocal function; however, its changes after thyroidectomy have not yet been described. METHODS: Patient-reported symptoms, as well as auditory perceptual, acoustic, and videolaryngostroboscopic (VLS) data, were collected prospectively before and after thyroidectomy. Voice outcomes (normal versus negative ...
Kishimoto Yo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Therapeutic challenges exist in the management of vocal fold scarring. We have previously demonstrated the therapeutic potential of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in the management of acute phase vocal fold scarring using a novel hydrogel-based HGF drug delivery system (DDS). However, the effect of HGF on matured vocal fold ...
Bonanno Alessandro - - 2010
PURPOSE: Patients who undergo orbital exenteration often experience social problems because of their facial disfigurement. The authors studied the interaction of cancer patients who had undergone orbital exenteration with family members and friends (primary groups) and with acquaintances and strangers (secondary groups) in small and large groups. METHODS: In-depth telephone ...
Geyer Marcel - - 2010
The objectives of the study were (1) to evaluate glottic function following carbon dioxide laser-assisted phonosurgery of benign laryngeal disease, and (2) to assess postoperative glottic morphology and disease recurrence rates, using the study design of comparative prospective non-randomized case series of patients with benign glottic pathology treated by laser-assisted ...
Scolozzi Paolo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare and evaluate, using computer-aided volumetric measurements, the accuracy and reliability of nonpreformed mesh plates (NPMPs) versus 3-dimensionally preformed titanium mesh plates (PMPs) in posttraumatic orbital volume restoration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Facial coronal computed tomographic scan slices from 20 patients (10 in the NPMP and 10 in the ...
Webster Kimberly T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the swallowing and vocal function of patients after supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) as they changed over the first postoperative year. METHODS: Ten patients with laryngeal carcinoma underwent SCPL at Johns Hopkins Hospital between August 2003 and May 2005. Clinical and videofluoroscopic ...
Leow Po-Lin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in the angle of deviation over time and compare the motor success rate with different initial postoperative deviation in patients undergoing surgical correction for intermittent exotropia. METHODS: Forty-eight patients aged between 1 and 10 years who underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession for intermittent exotropia were retrospectively ...
Spierer Oriel - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare surgical outcome of hang-back and conventional bimedial rectus muscle recession in infantile esotropia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of 67 consecutive patients with infantile esotropia who underwent bilateral medial rectus muscle from 1990 through 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty patients were operated by hang-back technique (group 1) ...
Dionigi Gianlorenzo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of consensus to support the proper timing for postoperative laryngoscopy that is reliable to diagnose recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP) after thyroid surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of different time intervals of fiber-optic nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) on the diagnosis ...
Constantinescu Gabriella A - - 2010
We investigated the validity and feasibility of online delivery of the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT) for the treatment of the speech disorder of a patient with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The treatment was delivered in 16 sessions to the participant's home, 90 km from the speech language pathologist. A PC-based ...
So Yoon Kyoung - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We studied speech after a supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) and compared it to speech after a total laryngectomy and insertion of voice prosthesis (TL-VP). We also determined the anatomical factors related to speech after SCPL. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Historic cohort study. Patients were recruited for data collection. SUBJECTS ...
Lombardi Celestino Pio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Voice and swallowing symptoms are frequently reported early after thyroidectomy even in the absence of laryngeal nerves injury. We evaluated the short-term and long-term outcomes of these functional alterations. METHODS: Consenting patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT) were enrolled. Videolaryngostroboscopy (VSL), acoustic voice analysis (AVA), and maximum phonation time (MPT) ...
Hartl Dana M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Medialization by thyroplasty or intracordal autologous fat injection provides voice improvement in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Thyroplasty is considered a "permanent" medialization, whereas fat injection is considered "temporary" because of reabsorption. The objective of this study was to compare the evolution of acoustic parameters for these procedures ...
Hassanpour Seyed Esmail - - 2009
Aesthetic surgery for correction of the lower lid bulge can be classified into 3 groups of subtractive surgery, redraping, and repositioning. The authors present a new repositioning technique with vertical plication of the orbital septum for correction of lower lid bulge. This procedure was performed on 30 individuals during a ...
Schindler Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and objective voice measurements in patients with dysphonia of different origin. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Otolaryngology department in a university hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifteen patients consulting for voice disorders were enrolled in the study: 32 ...
Lifante Jean-Christophe - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the neuromonitoring of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) on the voice quality after mini-incision thyroidectomy under local/regional anesthesia and intravenous sedation. Patients undergoing mini-incision thyroidectomy under local anesthesia were prospectively randomized for either nerve monitoring ...
Park Yong Chul - - 2009
To compare the success rates and stabilities of postoperative alignment between adjustable and the non-adjustable surgeries in the treatment of sensory exotropia. A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients with sensory exotropia who had undergone unilateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection (R&R) between January 1998 and August ...
George Mercy - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the postoperative voice outcome to preoperative glottic involvement, following partial cricotracheal resection (PCTR) in children. The glottic involvement was analysed based on the extent of subglottic stenosis (SGS) in the endoscopic image and functional dynamic assessment using flexible endoscopy. METHODS: We conducted an interobserver study in which ...
Menon Vimla - - 2010
To evaluate the surgical outcome of unilateral versus bilateral rectus recession for the correction of moderate exotropia. This was a prospective study of 20 consecutive cases of intermittent exotropia ranging from 15 to 25 prism diopters (PD) randomized into two groups and operated on by a single surgeon. In the ...
Keskinbora Kadircan H - - 2010
To determine whether unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition alone could be an effective procedure for treating superior oblique palsy with inferior oblique overaction. The records of 38 patients who underwent unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition for unilateral superior oblique palsy with inferior oblique overaction were evaluated. A comprehensive ocular examination ...
Koçak Ismail - - 2010
To treat androphonic voice quality after failed cricothyroid approximation (CTA) surgery. Prospective case series. The voices of three male-to-female transsexuals, two constitutional androphonic females, and one patient with ambiguous genitalia assigned to the female phenotype were deemed to be unimproved after CTA. The patients underwent laser reduction glottoplasty (LRG) surgery ...
Little Max A - - 2011
Clinical acoustic voice-recording analysis is usually performed using classical perturbation measures, including jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonic ratios (NHRs). However, restrictive mathematical limitations of these measures prevent analysis for severely dysphonic voices. Previous studies of alternative nonlinear random measures addressed wide varieties of vocal pathologies. Here, we analyze a single vocal ...
Bozec Alexandre - - 2010
The aims of this retrospective study were to evaluate prosthetic voice restoration by tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) in laryngectomized patients and to identify clinical factors correlated with functional outcomes. Between 2000 and 2008, 103 patients who underwent total laryngectomy or pharyngolaryngectomy (TPL) were included in our study. Functional outcomes were recorded ...
Sproson Eleanor - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified technique of type I thyroplasty using general anaesthetic with a laryngeal mask and then local anaesthetic. METHODS: General anaesthesia with a laryngeal mask is used while the delicate marking and windowing of the thyroid cartilage occurs. The patient is then woken, so that vocalisation can ...
Stager Sheila V - - 2010
Unilateral vocal fold paresis (UVFP) patients were examined over time for achievement of partial or full functional return or no functional return in the extent of arytenoid movement, clarity of laryngeal articulation, maximum phonation time (MPT), and flow. Effects of treatment type and initial laryngeal electromyography (EMG) results were examined. ...
Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2009
CONCLUSION: The factors responsible for the observed failures can be broken into two major groups: (1) a wrong indication and (2) an inadequate technique to achieve relief from an excessively tight glottal closure. The use of a titanium bridge in place of a silicone shim was found to be essential. ...
Scheepers Marius A - - 2010
To determine whether there is a statistically significant difference in the surgical outcome of everting sutures (ES) alone versus everting sutures with a lateral tarsal strip (ES+LTS) in the treatment of involutional entropion. Prospective randomized comparative trial. Sixty-three patients with primary involutional lower eyelid entropion were enrolled in the study. ...
Dawson Emma - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Cyclic strabismus is a rare disorder in which manifest strabismus and controlled latent deviation (heterophoria) alternates on a regular pattern which is usually over a 48-hr period. During the "straight" period the patient has a fully controlled heterophoria for all distances, with very good fusion and stereopsis. During the ...
Chan Louis K H - - 2009
A number of leading theories (e.g., Grossberg & Mingolla, 1985; Kellman & Shipley, 1991; Rensink & Enns, 1995) commonly assume that perceptual grouping by contour alignment occurs preattentively across reversing contrast polarity elements. We examined this notion in seven visual search experiments. We found that only grouping by attachment supported ...
Yam Jason C S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report a new adverse effect related to treatment with bimatoprost. METHOD: Case report. A 43-year-old Asian female with bilateral glaucoma was noticed to have bilateral deepening of upper lid sulcus 3 months after beginning treatment with bimatoprost 0.03%. RESULTS: Bimatoprost was discontinued due to cosmetic reasons, and there ...
Margulis Alexander - - 2009
Congenital melanocytic nevi of the eyelids and periorbital region are unusual. Although their malignant potential can be debated, they present a significant aesthetic concern and also disturb lid function. In this article, the authors present an expanded approach to evaluation and treatment of these patients. Forty-four consecutive patients, aged 6 ...
Portas Juliana Godoy - - 2009
We conducted a prospective study of 11 patients with laryngeal cancer who underwent supracricoid laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy. Our goal was to evaluate their postoperative voice and swallowing function and to ascertain the impact that surgery had on patient-perceived quality of life. Postoperative assessments were made by auditory perception analyses, objective ...
Subramaniam Vijayalakshmi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of chronic tonsillitis with or without adenoiditis and the effects of tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy on the voice by means of acoustic analysis. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Yenepoya Medical College Hospital, a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: Patients 5 to 26 years old with ...
Badin Ana Zulmira Eschholz Diniz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of endoscopic forehead surgery, several fixation techniques have been described to remediate the fall of the lateral portion of the brow. Unfortunately, few studies demonstrate good long-term results with these methods. METHODS: This study evaluates long-term results of a lateral brow fixation technique that uses two ...
Gr?f Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Inferior oblique recession (IOR), superior oblique tucking or advancement (SOT) and a combination of both (SOT&IOR) are most popular as treatments for acquired trochlear nerve (N.IV) palsy. Recently, it has been reported that results of a modified SOT technique and SOT&IOR were nearly equivalent. We investigated the effects of ...
Evans Eryl - - 2009
Surgical treatment for advanced laryngeal cancer involves complete removal of the larynx ('laryngectomy') and initial total loss of voice. Post-laryngectomy rehabilitation involves implementation of different means of 'voicing' for these patients wherever possible. There is little information about laryngectomees' perception of their changed voice quality and communication status. Surgical voice ...
Gilbert Thomas W - - 2009
The objective of the study was to evaluate a naturally derived liver extracellular matrix (L-ECM) scaffold for repair of an acute injury to the vocal fold lamina propria in a canine model. The vocal fold lamina propria was removed bilaterally in four dogs. One vocal fold in each dog was ...
Baxstrom Curtis R - - 2009
A 14-year-old girl with diplopia and esotropia secondary to Arnold-Chiari I malformation was surgically treated with Arnold-Chiari I malformation decompression (suboccipital craniectomy), C1 and partial C2 laminectomy, and duraplasty. The residual esotropia was treated with compensatory prisms and vision therapy more than 1 year after Arnold-Chiari malformation surgery. The esotropia ...
van Rijn L J - - 2009
Children with developmental disorders and/or psychomotor delay may respond differently to strabismus surgery than children who develop normally, but the literature is conflicting. We studied 37 patients with spasm, trisomy 21, prematurity, epilepsy, psychomotor retardation, and/or hydrocephalus (study group) and 67 control patients, all between 14 months and 14 years ...
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