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Arviso Lindsey C - - 2010
Injection laryngoplasty (IL) is a temporary intervention for unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). IL is often performed in patients with a potentially recoverable recurrent laryngeal nerve insult while awaiting spontaneous recovery, compensation, or definitive intervention. This study investigates the long-term outcomes of subjects treated with an IL. Restrospective chart review. ...
Thunberg Brian - - 2010
Laryngeal paralysis is a relatively common cause of upper airway obstruction in middle-aged to older, large-breed dogs; however, it is rare in the cat. The purpose of this study is to describe a series of cats diagnosed with laryngeal paralysis treated by unilateral arytenoid lateralization. Fourteen cats met the criteria ...
Liew Steven - - 2011
In the aging process, upper periorbits can be divided broadly into two groups. Group 1 is characterized primarily by soft tissue ptosis of the upper eyelid, which requires surgical excision. The patients in group 2, show volume depletion of the soft tissue and bony resorption of the orbit, characterized by ...
Ha Sukgyu - - 2011
To compare eye position at the end of surgery under general anesthesia with strabismic angles on postoperative day 1 in exotropia surgery. Seventy-eight patients between 3 and 58 years of age who had undergone surgery were divided into two groups (group A = 46 patients with bilateral rectus recession, group ...
Lunk Hans-Joachim - - 2010
In 1906, the preparation of “molybdic acid hydrate” was published by Arthur Rosenheim. Over the past 40 years, a multitude of isostructural compounds, which exist within a wide phase range of the system MoO3−NH3−H2O, have been published. The reported molecular formulas of “hexagonal molybdenum oxide” varied from MoO3 to MoO3·0.33NH3 ...
Schwarz Karine - - 2011
To describe the laryngeal configuration and the voice of male patients diagnosed with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) before and after medialization. A retrospective study involving the collection of data from medical records of 142 patients diagnosed with UVFP from January 2003 to April 2009, submitted to auditory-perceptual assessment of ...
Thomson James D - - 2010
Spatio-temporal patterns of snowmelt and flowering times affect fruiting success in Erythronium grandiflorum Pursh (Liliaceae) in subalpine western Colorado, USA. From 1990 to 1995, I measured the consistency across years of snowmelt patterns and flowering times along a permanent transect. In most years since 1993, I have monitored fruit set ...
Nacci Andrea - - 2011
Objectives: Paradoxical vocal fold dysfunction (PVFD) is a disorder in the larynx featuring involuntary adduction of the vocal folds during the inspiratory phase of breathing. The symptoms include acute episodes of dyspnea and bouts of coughing. To date, there is no universally acknowledged treatment for PVFD, though respiratory retraining therapy ...
Saxena Rohit - - 2011
Aim To evaluate the factors affecting the restoration of stereoacuity after surgery in cases of intermittent exotropia. Methods Thirty consecutive patients of intermittent exotropia X (T) scheduled for surgical intervention underwent preoperative evaluation, including complete ophthalmic and orthoptic examination. Deviation was measured for near and distance. Near stereo acuity was ...
Heffernan Colleen B - - 2011
Anecdotal evidence suggests that tonsillectomy has no deleterious consequences on a person's voice under normal vocal demand. However, whether the enlarged dimensions of the oropharynx after tonsillectomy impair the quality of a professional voice user remains unclear. Therefore, we designed a study to determine whether adult tonsillectomy altered the resonance ...
Friedman Aaron D - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the timing of early (≤6 months from time of nerve injury) vs. late (>6 months) injection medialization laryngoplasty impacts the need for subsequent open-neck reconstruction to restore vocal function in patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A total of 112 ...
- - 2010
The discovery of buckminsterfullerene has had a widespread impact throughout science.
Colton Raymond H - - 2011
Many acoustic measures have been used to assess and track the voices of patients with voice problems. Some of these measures rely on the accurate measurement of fundamental frequency to produce reliable results. Patients with voice disorders often produce voices with considerable quasiperiodicity or aperiodicity. There are other measurements that ...
Elflein H M - - 2010
To describe clinical features and management of 4 patients suffering from unilateral superior oblique palsies due to MRI-documented trochlear nerve schwannomas. Chart reviews of 4 patients seen at the departments of ophthalmogy and neurology at the University of Mainz. All four patients were male, aged 36 to 72 years at ...
Vinson Kimberly N - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether injection laryngoplasty or medialization laryngoplasty is more effective in the long-term treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of patients with UFVP who underwent either injection or medialization laryngoplasty at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences between July 29, 2003 ...
Simonsz H J - - 2010
In the Early vs. Late Infantile Strabismus Surgery Study (ELISSS), 13.5% of children operated at 20 months vs. 3.9% of those operated at age 4 had gross binocular vision (Titmus Housefly). Reoperation rates were 28.7% in the former vs. 24.6% in the latter group and, although all were eligible for ...
Holmes Jonathan M JM Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2010
Apparent inferior oblique overaction and apparent superior oblique underaction are common in strabismus associated with craniosynostosis, and in many cases are likely due to excyclotorsion of the globes, with the rectus muscles acting with oblique vectors. We present a patient with craniosynostosis who underwent bilateral superior oblique tucks to specifically ...
Wang Lihua - - 2011
To report an outcome study of 123 consecutive patients treated by graded unilateral medial rectus recession for small to moderate angle esotropia over an 8-year period with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. The records of patients who underwent unilateral medial rectus recession for constant esotropia measuring 15 to 35 ...
Park Ji-Hye - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical features and the risk factors of recurrence in infantile exotropia. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: The clinical records of 20 infantile exotropia patients who underwent exotropia surgery were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the amount of exodeviation present at ...
Lau David Pang Cheng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: 1) Determine the correlation between voice handicap index and quantitative videostroboscopy for patients undergoing injection laryngoplasty for unilateral vocal paralysis; 2) assess which videostroboscopy measurements correlate best with voice handicap index in patients demonstrating progressive improvement beyond six months following injection laryngoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. ...
Pineles Stacy L - - 2010
To examine long-term surgical success rates (>10 years) for patients with intermittent exotropia and the risk factors for failure of surgery in these patients. An attempt was made to contact all patients who underwent surgical treatment for intermittent exotropia between the years of 1970 to 1998 with a minimum postoperative ...
Suehiro Atsushi - - 2010
Results of the current study revealed improved phonation threshold pressure (PTP), normalized mucosal wave amplitude (NMWA), and less contraction of the lamina propria in injured larynges treated with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). We investigated the effects of local injection of bFGF for treatment of acute vocal fold injury in ...
Wang Lihua - - 2010
PURPOSE: To report an outcome study of 100 consecutive children with intermittent exotropia treated by unilateral rectus recession for small to moderate angle exodeviation with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. METHODS: The records of patients with intermittent exotropia younger than 15 years who underwent 7-to-10-mm unilateral lateral rectus recession ...
Honda Michio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To report the first three cases of spontaneous resolution of chalazia after 3 to 5 years. METHODS: Patients with chalazia who visited Honda Eye Clinic were observed and treated between 1991 and 2008. Chalazia were diagnosed by deliberate palpation of lids and observation of external appearance of lids. Histopathologic ...
Tejedor Jaime - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare a surgically adjusted dose of strabismus surgery using topical anesthesia in cooperative patients with dosage guidelines adapted to the surgeon's personal technique using sub-Tenon's anesthesia. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, single-site clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients with nonparalytic, nonrestrictive esotropia who were cooperative for surgery under topical anesthesia. METHODS: ...
Fresina Michela - - 2010
BACKGROUND: As therapy with bifocal lenses can generate a condition of acquired hypo-accommodation, we assessed the results of bifocal therapy in children with non-refractive accommodative esotropia in whom near point of accommodation (NPA) was measured before the prescription of the lenses and at the end of the study. METHODS: We ...
Wenke Rachel J - - 2010
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT(R)) on acoustic and perceptual measures of articulation in non-progressive dysarthria in comparison to traditional dysarthria therapy. The study involved 26 individuals with non-progressive dysarthria who were randomly allocated to receive either LSVT(R) or traditional dysarthria ...
Mau Ted - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Age, vocal fold atrophy, glottic closure pattern, and the burden of medical problems are associated with voice therapy outcomes for presbyphonia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. METHODS: Records of patients seen over a 3-year period at a voice center were screened. Inclusion criteria consisted of age over 55 years, primary complaint ...
Hilgers Frans J M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess device life of the new Provox Vega 22.5 and 20 Fr prostheses, to establish whether the optimized airflow characteristics of these devices materialize in better voice characteristics in comparison to Provox2, and to assess the feasibility of voice prosthesis replacement with the new Smart Inserter. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Telander David G - - 2011
To determine the frequency and distribution of horizontal misalignment in patients with unilateral superior oblique palsy (SOP) and to determine the indications for combining horizontal with vertical strabismus surgery. Patients included in the study had a vertical heterophoria or tropia that fit Parks three-step test for SOP and had no ...
Fang Tuan-Jen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze outcomes following fat injection laryngoplasty in patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis. DESIGN: Longitudinal outcomes evaluation study. SETTING: Tertiary referral voice center. PATIENTS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis undergoing autologous fat injection laryngoplasty with preoperative and serial postoperative follow-up at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, ...
Spierer Oriel - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical outcome of unilateral lateral rectus recession and bilateral lateral rectus recession in moderate-angle exotropia (< or = 30 prism diopters [PD]). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of all patients with moderate-angle exotropia (30 PD) who were operated on during the years 1993 to ...
Hillel Alexander T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the outcomes of vocal process granulomas treated with proton pump inhibitors and inhaled triamcinolone acetonide. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients with a diagnosis of contact granuloma or vocal process granuloma between 1995 and 2008. Data included age, gender, intubation history, reflux history, ...
Cantarella Giovanna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Laryngeal hemiplegia, also known as vocal fold paralysis, causes severe communicative disability. Although voice therapy is commonly considered to be beneficial for improving the voice quality in several voice disorders, there are only a few papers that present scientific evidence of the effectiveness of voice therapy in treating the ...
Lee Seung Won - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This prospective study investigated the efficacy of injection laryn-goplasty in the management of postthyroidectomy vocal cord paralysis (VCP). METHODS: From March 2005 to December 2008, 174 consecutive injection laryngoplasties were performed in patients with unilateral glottic insufficiency. This included 34 patients with post-thyroidectomy VCP: 15 with temporary VCP and ...
Molteni Gabriele - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical performance of an auto-crosslinked gel obtained from hyaluronic acid (ACP-based gel) as an anti-adhesive agent and/or augmentative agent in vocal cord surgery for the treatment of vocal fold (VF) atrophy, sulcus vocalis, and postsurgery scarring as well as its tolerability at short- and long-term follow-up. ...
Cheng Jeffrey - - 2010
Phonosurgery is an effective treatment for some vocal fold pathologies, and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) survey has been shown to be a useful instrument for evaluating treatment effectiveness. We conducted a nonrandomized, prospective study of 21 patients who underwent phonosurgery for the treatment of non-neoplastic vocal fold lesions at ...
Lamont Meon - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: Brow suspension is the procedure of choice for ptosis correction in patients with poor levator function. A subgroup of these patients, namely the ocular myopathies, is at risk of progressive muscle weakness and subsequent corneal exposure. We aim to demonstrate that silicone rods can be easily adjusted and therefore ...
- - 2010
This chapter covers the methods and measures used in the ERA study, with a special focus on age 15 outcomes. First, we outline the sample participation rate for the 15-year follow-up-the percentages in all cases referring to the numbers at the time of initial sample contact. We then describe the ...
Sanuki Tetsuji - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Type II thyroplasty, or laryngeal framework surgery, is based on the hypothesis that the effect of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) on the voice is due to excessively tight closure of the glottis, hampering phonation. Most of the previous, partially effective treatments have aimed to relieve this tight closure, including ...
Mostafa Attiat M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of medial rectus slanting recession versus medial rectus recession with downward transposition for correction of V-pattern esotropia without significant oblique muscle dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 18 patients having V-pattern esotropia, without significant oblique muscle dysfunction were included in this randomized, prospective study. These were ...
Hong Jeanne - - 2010
Erica is a 13-year old female who was hospitalized for a 4-week history of "barking" noises and 2 weeks of generalized shaking episodes. Four weeks prior to admission, she had a viral upper respiratory infection (URI) with cough which was treated with over-the-counter cough syrup. After resolution of the URI, ...
Man Li-Xing - - 2010
We describe a unique complication of intralaryngeal cidofovir injection and present the case of a patient with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in whom both a mucosal bridge and a pit of the true vocal fold developed after intralaryngeal cidofovir injection. A 40-year-old man presented with laryngeal papillomatosis 19 years after being ...
Lee Se Yup - - 2010
To investigate the surgical outcomes of inferior oblique muscle Z myotomy in patients with inferior oblique overaction (IOOA). A prospective study was performed in 21 patients (primary IOOA in 13 patients, secondary IOOA in 8 patients) who underwent inferior oblique muscle Z myotomy. Patients with IOOA under the degree of ...
Gibbins Nicholas - - 2011
We believe that we have described the first instance of long-term follow-up of a bilateral Isshiki type IV thyroplasty in a 58-year-old woman after bilateral superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) damage. Comparison of voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) questionnaire and electrolaryngographic measurements pre- and post-thyroplasty (type IV). VHI-10 scores reduced from 25 ...
Martínez Arias Angels - - 2010
Vocal fold scars are the result of injury to the vocal fold lamina propria. This condition leads to an impaired vibration and usually to poor voice quality. The purpose of our study was to compare the pre- and posttreatment voice assessment scores in patients treated by CO(2) laser-assisted freeing of ...
Buckmire Robert A - - 2011
To determine the effectiveness of gore-tex medialization thyroplasty for the management of glottic incompetence (GI) in patients with mobile vocal folds. Twenty patients with glottic incompetence (GI) and mobile vocal folds were retrospectively analyzed after gore-tex medialization laryngoplasty. Pre- and postoperative outcome measures including grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain of ...
Portone-Maira Carissa - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine temporal variables thought to be associated with voice therapy completion. Retrospective chart review of 197 cases (120 dropouts and 77 completers) seen at two voice centers. Cases included males and females aged 15-90 years presenting with a chief complaint of dysphonia who ...
Gawdat Tamer I - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the transconjunctival frontalis suspension technique using nonabsorbable suture (4/0 polypropylene) in patients with severe blepharoptosis and poor levator function. METHODS: A total of 22 patients (33 ptotic eyelids) were included in a prospective interventional case series study. All had severe ptosis with poor levator function. Transconjunctival frontalis ...
Serafino Massimiliano - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate diplopia after orbital decompression in patients with thyroid-related orbitopathy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 45 consecutive patients who had undergone orbital decompression surgery (DS) and a subgroup of 10/45 patients who underwent disinsertion of the inferior oblique (IO) muscle during DS. Diplopia was assessed before ...
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