Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 864
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Miller Susan - - 2004
There is no doubt that vocal fold paralysis is a debilitating condition affecting an individual's general health and quality of life. Optimal management of a patient with vocal fold dysfunction by an otolaryngologist, speech scientist, and speech language pathologist results in detailed objective videostroboscopic evaluation of glottal configuration during phonation, ...
Ing Malcolm R - - 2004
PURPOSE: The results of recent studies have shown that the presence and quality of stereopsis in patients with congenital esotropia and subsequent surgically alignment are dependent upon the duration of the misalignment during the first 2 years of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of ...
Conway R M - - 2004
To assess recurrence of primary basal cell carcinoma (PBCC) including the eyelid margins after resection with or without intraoperative frozen section control (IFS). Comparative non-randomised interventional study involving review of records of consecutive patients with histological diagnosis of PBCC including the eyelid margins, treated surgically at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg ...
Peeters A Jeanne G E - - 2004
Radiotherapy as well as endoscopic laser surgery as the most widely used treatment modalities for T1a glottic carcinoma cause minor morbidity and negligible mortality and result in more or less comparable, excellent cure and larynx preservation rates. Therefore, other outcome measures such as voice-related problems and health status are important ...
Kutschke Pamela J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of prism adaptation in the visually mature population with esotropia onset before visual maturation. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-five patients, 26 prism adapted for near (PAN) and 59 prism adapted for distance (PAD), were included in the study. METHODS: Patients included in this ...
Mathur N N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To simplify the procedure of suture lateralization of a vocal cord in children with bilateral abductor cord palsy and to evaluate its results. METHODS: Ten tracheostomised infants and children with bilateral abductor cord palsy where there was either minimal or no recovery of vocal cord movement even after 2 ...
Krecicki Tomasz - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Reincke's edema is one of the most common voice disorders in adults. The main purpose of our study, was to analyze factors that may influence the development of this disease. We also estimated the results of surgical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was performed on a group of ...
Mims James L JL - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe a specific protocol for the surgical treatment of Late Consecutive Exotropia (LCXT) following bilateral medial rectus (MR) recessions, and to report the results of surgery, performed according to this protocol, in a series of 119 children followed 6 months to 15 years after surgery for consecutive exotropia. ...
Bork Konrad - - 2003
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is clinically characterized by recurrent and self-limiting skin, intestinal, and life-threatening laryngeal edema. This study describes the age at which laryngeal edema first occurred, the time between onset and full development, and the effectiveness of therapy and prophylaxis in 123 HAE patients. 61 (49.7%) patients experienced a ...
Welham Nathan V - - 2003
Outcomes data after a surgical or behavioral intervention should be tracked until stability is reached. Often it is unclear how long patients should be followed and at what point an outcome can be considered stable. These issues have implications for treatment decision making, efficacy measurement, and the design of research ...
Forrest Michael P - - 2003
To report the long-term outcome of a series of 49 patients who underwent three horizontal muscle squint surgery for large angle infantile esotropia. METHODS; The patient records were retrospectively reviewed of 49 (24 girls [49%], 25 boys) consecutive patients with infantile esotropia of angle > or =60 Delta, who had ...
Shipman T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The comparable long-term outcomes of inferior oblique muscle myectomy and recession for the treatment of superior oblique underaction (in primary position and straight right and left gaze) have not been well documented in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare longitudinally these two procedures in a ...
Motta S - - 2003
This study presents results obtained from 83 patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis in adduction treated between 1982 to 2001, with CO(2) laser microlaryngoscopy. In relation to the different types of surgery followed, three distinct treatment groups were included: group 1 (1982-1984) included 5 patients treated with vaporization of the ...
Mashima Pauline A - - 2003
Telehealth offers the potential to meet the needs of underserved populations in remote regions. The purpose of this study was a proof-of-concept to determine whether voice therapy can be delivered effectively remotely. Treatment outcomes were evaluated for a vocal rehabilitation protocol delivered under 2 conditions: with the patient and clinician ...
Baron Eli M - - 2003
The charts of 100 patients who underwent anterior cervical diskectomy with fusion performed at our institution between January 1996 and February 1999 were reviewed. The incidences of hoarseness, dysphagia, and unilateral true vocal fold motion impairment were calculated. Univariate logistic regression was used to estimate the relationship of several patient ...
Karpenko Andrew N - - 2003
Cymetra has shown excellent tissue biocompatibility, a low rate of resorption, and no tissue reactivity when injected for treatment of facial wrinkling. On the basis of these findings, we hypothesize that injection of Cymetra into the thyroarytenoid muscle for treatment of glottal incompetence may demonstrate similar findings and lead to ...
Hartl Dana M - - 2003
We objectively measured the acoustic effects of treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis by injection of autologous fat and by polytetrafluoroethylene thyroplasty, in the same patient. To our knowledge, this is the first report comparing the two techniques by using the patient's normal voice as the control. The voice of ...
Spielman Jennifer L - - 2003
The purpose of the present retrospective study was to examine the effects of intensive voice therapy on facial expression in Parkinson disease. Parkinson disease (PD) often presents with symptoms that reduce communicative effectiveness on multiple levels, including decreased vocal loudness and reduced facial mobility. Recent advances in voice treatment have ...
Dadeya Subhash - - 2003
PURPOSE: Unilateral lateral rectus recession is an alternative procedure in the treatment of moderate angle intermittent exotropia. However, long-term results of unilateral lateral rectus recession have not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term stability of alignment following unilateral lateral rectus recession in patients ...
Peretti Giorgio - - 2003
Radiotherapy contends with endoscopic surgery for the role of treatment of choice for Tis-T1 glottic cancer. The amount of vocal cord to be surgically removed logically depends on the surface and deep extension of the neoplasm. Thus, a prerequisite for proper management includes an analysis of the voice changes after ...
Shvero J - - 2003
Bilateral vocal fold immobility in adduction usually creates severe dyspnoea. Many surgical procedures have been established to improve the airway insufficiency in affected patients. Over the last six years 22 patients with bilateral vocal fold immobility in our department have undergone CO(2) laser posterior ventriculocordectomy with partial arytenoidectomy (PVCPA). None ...
Wagner Isabelle - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indications and results of pitch-raising surgery in male-to-female transsexual patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of male-to-female transsexual patients who underwent pitch-raising surgery between 1994 and 2001 at a single institution. METHODS: The 14 patients had inadequate improvements after speech therapy alone. After anterior commissure advancement (n ...
Ramachandran K - - 2003
Spasm of the pharyngo-oesophageal segment is one of the important causes of tracheo-oesophageal voice failure. Traditionally it has been managed by either prolonged speech therapy, surgical pharyngeal myotomy or pharyngeal plexus neurectomy with varying degrees of success. Botulinum neurotoxin has been found to be effective in relieving pharyngo-oesophageal segment spasm. ...
Kim Jong-Hyun - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical manifestations and ocular findings in children with ocular myasthenia gravis (MG) that rarely have been reported in the literature. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four consecutive patients less than 15 years of age with ocular MG treated between June 1988 and July 2001. METHODS: ...
Altieri Michele - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the efficacy of three different surgical techniques for entropion repair in a 3-year follow-up study: (1) the Fox procedure, (2) everting sutures and (3) a modified technique of lower lid retractor plication. METHODS: We included in our study 32 eyelids of ...
Zimmermann Angela - - 2003
This study aimed to discover whether the surgical treatment of oral cavity tumours only affects on articulation or whether it also leads to a change in voice quality and fundamental frequency. Twelve participants were examined pre- and postoperatively for mean speaking fundamental frequency, standard deviation of the mean fundamental frequency, ...
Köse Süheyla - - 2003
PURPOSE: The authors wished to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of retroequatorial recession of all four horizontal recti using loop sutures for the treatment of congenital nystagmus SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with congenital nystagmus were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent retroequatorial recession of horizontal recti with ...
Sener Emin Cumhur - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of strabismus that coexist with nanophthalmos and to report the results of strabismus surgery performed on these small eyes. DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive, noncomparative interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen bilateral nanophthalmic patients, of whom five underwent horizontal muscle surgery, were ...
Bork Konrad - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema due to C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency is clinically characterized by recurrent and self-limiting skin, intestinal, and laryngeal edema. Asphyxiation by laryngeal edema is the main cause of death among patients who die of hereditary angioedema. This study describes the age at which laryngeal edema first occurs, the ...
Hsiung Ming-Wang - - 2003
Autogenous fat augmentation for glottic insufficiency has been used previously in patient treatment regimes. However, relatively little information is currently available regarding the effectiveness of fat injection for patients with vocal fold atrophy who have complete glottal closure (VFACGC). This paper compares, in retrospect, the efficiency of fat injection after ...
Hsiung Ming-Wang - - 2003
While the effectiveness of autogenous fat augmentation after microsurgical removal (FAMSR) of the vocal nodules (VN) has been previously shown in patient treatment programs, relatively little information is available regarding the long-term effectiveness of such a procedure. This paper examines, in retrospect, the long-term effectiveness of FAMSR in patients with ...
Fan Xianqun - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of computer-assisted volumetric measurement for the prediction of late enophthalmos and for volume estimation of implant material in the correction of late enophthalmos secondary to orbital blowout fractures (BOF). METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of 16 patients. Computer-assisted orbital volume measurements were made ...
Tateya Ichiro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Since 1990, we have performed steroid injections into the vocal fold under topical anesthesia using fiberoptic laryngeal surgery (FLS) in an outpatient clinic. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the usefulness of this treatment method in 44 patients with mild Reinke's edema. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using ...
Breckenridge Anita L W - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report long-term results with the hang-back technique for medial rectus muscle recession. METHODS: Medical records of 341 consecutive patients who underwent unilateral or bilateral hang-back medial rectus recession were reviewed. The amount of recession was based on the size of the esotropia as measured at near fixation. Patients ...
Unal Mehmet - - 2003
PURPOSE: To compare the reduction of proptosis and the incidence of new-onset diplopia after 3-wall (medial, lateral, and inferior) orbital decompression versus balanced medial and lateral wall decompression combined with orbital fat excision in patients with Graves ophthalmopathy. METHODS: Three-wall orbital decompression including medial, inferior, and lateral walls was performed ...
Bhattacharyya Neil - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical impact of early versus late surgical therapy for new onset unilateral vocal cord paralysis (UVCP) after thoracic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Patients diagnosed with new onset UVCP after esophagectomy, pneumonectomy or pulmonary lobectomy were reviewed to determine the incidence of pneumonia, need for postoperative bronchoscopy and ...
Choo Phillip H - - 2003
PURPOSE: Application of a grid of electrocautery to the orbital septum to treat anteriorly prolapsed eyelid fat pads during blepharoplasty has been previously described. A review of patients who underwent this technique was performed to determine if this technique led to a higher incidence of postoperative eyelid retraction. METHODS: A ...
DeJonckere P H - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Voice Range Profile (VRP), or Phonetography, is a widely used method of acoustic voice assessment: it explores and documents the extreme possibilities or capabilities of the voice by producing a chart displaying the intensity dynamics as a function of the fundamental frequency range. OBJECTIVES: In the present study VRP ...
Trussart C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Thirty-five patients using tracheoesophageal voice with a 3- to 16-year follow-up were investigated. We analyzed functional voice outcome, voice prosthesis (VP) lifespan, and VP-related complications. METHODS: Between 1987 and 2001, 81 patients underwent total laryngectomy (TL). The 35 currently surviving patients (31 men, 4 women) were studied for VP ...
Bartalena L - - 2003
Treatment of Graves' ophthalmopathy does not always provide favorable results. After several decades of efforts, glucocorticoids, orbital radiotherapy (OR) and surgery (orbital decompression) remain the milestones in the management of this disease. OR produce favorable results in about 55-60% of patients. Its effectiveness is increased by the association with systemic ...
Jank Siegfried - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate whether a flexible, biodegradable material (Ethisorb) shows better long-term results with regard to diplopia, bulbus motility, and exophthalmos/enophthalmos compared to the use of lyophilized dura-patches and polydioxanone (PDS) foils. METHODS: During a period of 6 years 435 patients with an orbital ...
Davis, David Evan
Biennial bearing has been investigated longer and more extensively in apple than in any other fruit tree; however, it remains a serious problem in commercial apple production all over the world. Trees that have become biennial flower profusely and carry a heavy crop in the on year, and flower sparsely ...
Perry Julian D - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine the predictability of a new algorithm for determining the amount of tissue resection for conjunctival Müllerectomy with or without tarsectomy blepharoptosis repair. METHODS: Consecutive case series of all patients undergoing conjunctival Müllerectomy with or without tarsectomy ptosis repair from October 1999 to September 2001. Each patient underwent ...
Gorman Colum A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether long-term improvement could be observed after orbital radiotherapy for Graves' disease; in addition, to evaluate ancillary treatments needed for those who have received radiotherapy, to search for late-emerging adverse consequences of radiotherapy, and to relate orbital changes to serum levels of thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI). DESIGN: Three-year ...
Dadeya Subhash - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intraoperative daunorubicin (0.02%) for patients with strabismus undergoing a second surgical procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with strabismus undergoing a second surgical procedure were randomly divided into two groups. In group A, daunorubicin 0.02% was applied subconjunctivally over the surface of ...
Lee V - - 2002
To describe the aetiology, demography, surgical management, and outcome of a cohort of paediatric ptosis patients in a large tertiary referral oculoplastic centre. A case note review of all patients undergoing ptosis surgery below the age of 16 years in a tertiary referral oculoplastic unit documenting the laterality, aetiology, severity ...
Alves C B - - 2002
Unilateral vocal cord palsy can result in a weak breathy voice and an inability to communicate effectively. This study was designed to assess prospectively the efficacy of polymethylsiloxane elastomer (Bioplastique) medialization injection therapy in patients with vocal cord palsy and terminal disease with particular regard to quality of life issues. ...
McCulley Timothy J - - 2002
PURPOSE: To describe eyelid trauma as a cause of isolated neurogenic blepharoptosis. DESIGN:Observational case series. METHODS: Three previously healthy patients (two male and one female; aged 29 to 39 years) were evaluated for unilateral blepharoptosis following forceful anterior displacement of the upper eyelid. Two injuries occurred during domestic altercations and ...
Holmes Jonathan M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In a multicenter prospective data collection study of chronic sixth cranial nerve palsy, we previously reported that the initial successful outcome rate was 39% after a single surgical intervention and 25% after surgery combined with botulinum toxin (Botox), using strict success criteria. We now report the longer term outcome ...
Lazaris A M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: vocal cord paralysis is considered a rare complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA), but alteration in voice quality may be more common. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effect of CEA on voice quality and to correlate any changes with the extent of the dissection. DESIGN-MATERIAL-METHODS: ...
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