Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 885
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Khan Arif O - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a proposed new protocol for the primary treatment for very large angle esotropia: two muscle horizontal rectus muscle surgery with simultaneous botulinum toxin A injection in a small pilot study. METHODS: Eight patients who had esotropia at near (ET') greater than 60 prism diopters ...
Shaffer Monica J - - 2005
More than 16,000 vagal nerve stimulators (VNSs) have been implanted for refractory epileptic seizures. The most commonly reported side effect is hoarseness. This study examines the effects of VNS placement on vocal fold function. Eleven patients who had undergone VNS placement at our institution were recruited. Subjective evaluation by a ...
Stervander, M
We studied long-term trends and the yearly variation in mean spring passage time in 36 passerine bird species trapped at Ottenby Bird Observatory in south-eastern Sweden. Between the years 1952-2002, data were available for 22-45 years depending on species. Most long-distance migrant species passed progressively earlier over the study period ...
Bleik Jamal H - - 2004
PURPOSE: Immediate postoperative adjustment after adjustable-suture strabismus surgery has been suggested as a viable alternative to the classic adjustment that is performed, usually within 6 to 24 hours after surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate postoperative eye measurements with those taken 24 hours postoperatively and ...
Lorenz Robert R - - 2004
The first successful composite human laryngeal transplantation was performed by a team led by the senior author on January 4, 1998. The recipient was a 40-year-old male who had sustained a crush injury to his larynx 20 years prior, rendering him aphonic. Multiple previous attempts for reconstruction at an outside ...
Hertegård Stellan - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term (24 months) clinical performance (vocal fold function) and safety of hylan B gel as compared with bovine cross-linked collagen in the treatment of patients with glottal insufficiency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective trial, 70 patients with glottal insufficiency due to unilateral vocal fold paresis ...
Frueh Bartley R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and efficiency of a new small anterior incision, minimal dissection ptosis procedure with that of a traditional anterior aponeurotic approach for the correction of aponeurotic ptosis. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-two patients with aponeurotic ptosis who had undergone ptosis correction surgery by ...
Altieri Michele - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Lower eyelid entropion is an eyelid malposition characterized by inward rotation of the eyelid margin associated with potentially significant discomfort and, occasionally, keratopathy. In this study we evaluated and compared the efficacy of two surgical techniques of retractor plication for involutional lower lid entropion repair. METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients ...
Rosen Clark A - - 2004
Symptoms of unilateral vocal fold paralysis are improved significantly by augmenting the paralyzed vocal fold via vocal fold injection. In this trial, augmentation with a new calcium hydroxylapatite implant was evaluated. In addition, two different phonosurgical injection techniques were used, and these procedures were compared for accuracy and reliability. A ...
Duruisseau Olivier - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Because of the side effects of Teflon, the risk of infection from the use of collagen, autologous fat resorption, and the lack of alternative substances, injection laryngoplasty tends to be replaced by laryngeal framework surgery as the method of choice for the treatment of unilateral vocal cord recurrent paralysis ...
Chan Sor Way - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of type II thyroplasty in the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ASD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Thirteen patients with the diagnosis of ASD who were previously treated successfully with botulinum toxin therapy were recruited. Type II thyroplasty as described by Nobuhiko Isshiki was ...
Johns Michael M - - 2004
Preservation of the vocal fold cover during laryngeal surgery should optimize vocal outcomes for patients with benign glottal lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the quality of life, perceptual voice evaluation, and acoustic and aerodynamic measures of patients before and after endoscopic laryngeal microsurgery for ...
Donaldson Mark J - - 2004
PURPOSE: To review the results and techniques of surgical treatment of consecutive exotropia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent surgery for consecutive exotropia in a pediatric ophthalmology practice between 1992 and 2001. Patients were excluded if follow-up lasted < 6 weeks or if exotropia ...
Bothun Erick D - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study analyzes the outcomes after unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) for manifest dissociated vertical deviation (DVD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all patients who had unilateral or markedly asymmetric DVD, ipsilateral overaction of the inferior oblique muscle, lack of alternating fixation, and underwent unilateral ...
Niechajev Igor I Lidingö-kliniken, Stockholm-Lidingö, Sweden. - - 2004
Transpalpebral browpexy could be performed as an adjuvant procedure to the upper blepharoplasty or as a separate procedure. It is done by separating interdigitalizing connections between the orbicularis and frontalis muscles, moving the orbicular part of the orbicularis muscle with overlying brow to the more cephalad position and again uniting ...
Joshua Benzion - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal obstruction due to bilateral vocal cord immobility in adduction may cause dyspnea, hoarseness and dysphagia and can lead to dependence on a tracheostomy. Treatment poses a challenge because of the opposing functions of the larynx and the risk of neck and laryngeal tissue damage. OBJECTIVES: To describe our ...
Stiglmayer Neda - - 2004
Long-term results achieved by our own operative technique in children with congenital dystrophic ptosis, with frontal muscle lobe shaping with or without shaping of corrugator muscle lobe attached to the tarsal plate, are presented. Data on 146 patients with congenital dystrophic ptosis operated on during the 1984-1998 period at Zagreb ...
Luna-Ortiz Kuauhyama - - 2004
This study assessed the functional results in patients treated primarily through supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP). Fifteen patients with a diagnosis of epidermoid carcinoma of the glottis region admitted to the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (México) between June 2001 and September 2002 were studied. Three patients were at ...
Cahill Louise M - - 2004
Laryngeal and tongue function was assessed in 28 patients to evaluate the presence, nature, and resolution of superior recurrent laryngeal and hypoglossal nerve damage resulting from standard open primary carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The laryngeal and tongue function in 28 patients who underwent CEA were examined prospectively with various physiologic (Aerophone ...
Mehta P - - 2004
To assess the functional results and complications of Mersilene (polyester) mesh frontalis sling suspension to correct poor levator function ptosis. Retrospective case series. 32 eyelids of 20 patients (12 children and eight adults). Follow up 1-69 months (mean 32). eight patients had bilateral and four unilateral surgery (20 eyelids). Good ...
Maamoun Sherif I - - 2004
PURPOSE: Creation of a tunneled mucosal shunt between the trachea and pharynx that is controlled by remaining intrinsic laryngeal musculature with its nerve supply is an acceptable voice restoration procedure for advanced T3 and T4 laryngeal cancer. Such a tunnel will allow unilateral direction of air from lung to pharynx ...
Conway R M - - 2004
To assess recurrence of primary basal cell carcinoma (PBCC) including the eyelid margins after resection with or without intraoperative frozen section control (IFS). Comparative non-randomised interventional study involving review of records of consecutive patients with histological diagnosis of PBCC including the eyelid margins, treated surgically at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg ...
Ing Malcolm R - - 2004
PURPOSE: The results of recent studies have shown that the presence and quality of stereopsis in patients with congenital esotropia and subsequent surgically alignment are dependent upon the duration of the misalignment during the first 2 years of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of ...
Miller Susan - - 2004
There is no doubt that vocal fold paralysis is a debilitating condition affecting an individual's general health and quality of life. Optimal management of a patient with vocal fold dysfunction by an otolaryngologist, speech scientist, and speech language pathologist results in detailed objective videostroboscopic evaluation of glottal configuration during phonation, ...
Peeters A Jeanne G E - - 2004
Radiotherapy as well as endoscopic laser surgery as the most widely used treatment modalities for T1a glottic carcinoma cause minor morbidity and negligible mortality and result in more or less comparable, excellent cure and larynx preservation rates. Therefore, other outcome measures such as voice-related problems and health status are important ...
Krecicki Tomasz - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Reincke's edema is one of the most common voice disorders in adults. The main purpose of our study, was to analyze factors that may influence the development of this disease. We also estimated the results of surgical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was performed on a group of ...
Kutschke Pamela J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of prism adaptation in the visually mature population with esotropia onset before visual maturation. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-five patients, 26 prism adapted for near (PAN) and 59 prism adapted for distance (PAD), were included in the study. METHODS: Patients included in this ...
Mims James L JL - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe a specific protocol for the surgical treatment of Late Consecutive Exotropia (LCXT) following bilateral medial rectus (MR) recessions, and to report the results of surgery, performed according to this protocol, in a series of 119 children followed 6 months to 15 years after surgery for consecutive exotropia. ...
Mathur N N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To simplify the procedure of suture lateralization of a vocal cord in children with bilateral abductor cord palsy and to evaluate its results. METHODS: Ten tracheostomised infants and children with bilateral abductor cord palsy where there was either minimal or no recovery of vocal cord movement even after 2 ...
Welham Nathan V - - 2003
Outcomes data after a surgical or behavioral intervention should be tracked until stability is reached. Often it is unclear how long patients should be followed and at what point an outcome can be considered stable. These issues have implications for treatment decision making, efficacy measurement, and the design of research ...
Bork Konrad - - 2003
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is clinically characterized by recurrent and self-limiting skin, intestinal, and life-threatening laryngeal edema. This study describes the age at which laryngeal edema first occurred, the time between onset and full development, and the effectiveness of therapy and prophylaxis in 123 HAE patients. 61 (49.7%) patients experienced a ...
Forrest Michael P - - 2003
To report the long-term outcome of a series of 49 patients who underwent three horizontal muscle squint surgery for large angle infantile esotropia. METHODS; The patient records were retrospectively reviewed of 49 (24 girls [49%], 25 boys) consecutive patients with infantile esotropia of angle > or =60 Delta, who had ...
Motta S - - 2003
This study presents results obtained from 83 patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis in adduction treated between 1982 to 2001, with CO(2) laser microlaryngoscopy. In relation to the different types of surgery followed, three distinct treatment groups were included: group 1 (1982-1984) included 5 patients treated with vaporization of the ...
Hartl Dana M - - 2003
We objectively measured the acoustic effects of treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis by injection of autologous fat and by polytetrafluoroethylene thyroplasty, in the same patient. To our knowledge, this is the first report comparing the two techniques by using the patient's normal voice as the control. The voice of ...
Karpenko Andrew N - - 2003
Cymetra has shown excellent tissue biocompatibility, a low rate of resorption, and no tissue reactivity when injected for treatment of facial wrinkling. On the basis of these findings, we hypothesize that injection of Cymetra into the thyroarytenoid muscle for treatment of glottal incompetence may demonstrate similar findings and lead to ...
Baron Eli M - - 2003
The charts of 100 patients who underwent anterior cervical diskectomy with fusion performed at our institution between January 1996 and February 1999 were reviewed. The incidences of hoarseness, dysphagia, and unilateral true vocal fold motion impairment were calculated. Univariate logistic regression was used to estimate the relationship of several patient ...
Shipman T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The comparable long-term outcomes of inferior oblique muscle myectomy and recession for the treatment of superior oblique underaction (in primary position and straight right and left gaze) have not been well documented in the literature. The purpose of this study was to compare longitudinally these two procedures in a ...
Mashima Pauline A - - 2003
Telehealth offers the potential to meet the needs of underserved populations in remote regions. The purpose of this study was a proof-of-concept to determine whether voice therapy can be delivered effectively remotely. Treatment outcomes were evaluated for a vocal rehabilitation protocol delivered under 2 conditions: with the patient and clinician ...
Dadeya Subhash - - 2003
PURPOSE: Unilateral lateral rectus recession is an alternative procedure in the treatment of moderate angle intermittent exotropia. However, long-term results of unilateral lateral rectus recession have not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term stability of alignment following unilateral lateral rectus recession in patients ...
Peretti Giorgio - - 2003
Radiotherapy contends with endoscopic surgery for the role of treatment of choice for Tis-T1 glottic cancer. The amount of vocal cord to be surgically removed logically depends on the surface and deep extension of the neoplasm. Thus, a prerequisite for proper management includes an analysis of the voice changes after ...
Spielman Jennifer L - - 2003
The purpose of the present retrospective study was to examine the effects of intensive voice therapy on facial expression in Parkinson disease. Parkinson disease (PD) often presents with symptoms that reduce communicative effectiveness on multiple levels, including decreased vocal loudness and reduced facial mobility. Recent advances in voice treatment have ...
Altieri Michele - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the efficacy of three different surgical techniques for entropion repair in a 3-year follow-up study: (1) the Fox procedure, (2) everting sutures and (3) a modified technique of lower lid retractor plication. METHODS: We included in our study 32 eyelids of ...
Ramachandran K - - 2003
Spasm of the pharyngo-oesophageal segment is one of the important causes of tracheo-oesophageal voice failure. Traditionally it has been managed by either prolonged speech therapy, surgical pharyngeal myotomy or pharyngeal plexus neurectomy with varying degrees of success. Botulinum neurotoxin has been found to be effective in relieving pharyngo-oesophageal segment spasm. ...
Shvero J - - 2003
Bilateral vocal fold immobility in adduction usually creates severe dyspnoea. Many surgical procedures have been established to improve the airway insufficiency in affected patients. Over the last six years 22 patients with bilateral vocal fold immobility in our department have undergone CO(2) laser posterior ventriculocordectomy with partial arytenoidectomy (PVCPA). None ...
Wagner Isabelle - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indications and results of pitch-raising surgery in male-to-female transsexual patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of male-to-female transsexual patients who underwent pitch-raising surgery between 1994 and 2001 at a single institution. METHODS: The 14 patients had inadequate improvements after speech therapy alone. After anterior commissure advancement (n ...
Kim Jong-Hyun - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical manifestations and ocular findings in children with ocular myasthenia gravis (MG) that rarely have been reported in the literature. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four consecutive patients less than 15 years of age with ocular MG treated between June 1988 and July 2001. METHODS: ...
Sener Emin Cumhur - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of strabismus that coexist with nanophthalmos and to report the results of strabismus surgery performed on these small eyes. DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive, noncomparative interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen bilateral nanophthalmic patients, of whom five underwent horizontal muscle surgery, were ...
Zimmermann Angela - - 2003
This study aimed to discover whether the surgical treatment of oral cavity tumours only affects on articulation or whether it also leads to a change in voice quality and fundamental frequency. Twelve participants were examined pre- and postoperatively for mean speaking fundamental frequency, standard deviation of the mean fundamental frequency, ...
Köse Süheyla - - 2003
PURPOSE: The authors wished to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of retroequatorial recession of all four horizontal recti using loop sutures for the treatment of congenital nystagmus SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with congenital nystagmus were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent retroequatorial recession of horizontal recti with ...
Bork Konrad - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema due to C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency is clinically characterized by recurrent and self-limiting skin, intestinal, and laryngeal edema. Asphyxiation by laryngeal edema is the main cause of death among patients who die of hereditary angioedema. This study describes the age at which laryngeal edema first occurs, the ...
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