Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1669
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Morita Yutaka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe early results regarding efficacy and safety of magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) for the treatment of uterine leiomyomas among a population of Japanese women. STUDY DESIGN: In this single site study, 48 Japanese women, over 18 years of age, who were candidates for surgical intervention ...
Ustünsöz Bahri - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether uterine artery embolization (UAE) prior to myomectomy is more effective than myomectomy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 15 consecutive infertile women with uterine fibroids > 10 cm (Group I) that underwent UAE with spherical particles using a microcatheter technique and a unilateral femoral approach ...
Funaki Kaoru - - 2007
AIM: We treated 69 patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids using a magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) system. Our objective was to determine the clinical outcome of MRgFUS, focusing on symptom improvement, with emphasis on the time and extent of improvement. METHODS: Patients who would have been otherwise offered conventional ...
Recaldini Chiara - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation under sonographic guidance as a unique procedure in the management of symptomatic uterine myomas. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Six premenopausal women with symptomatic submucosal or intramural uterine myomas underwent percutaneous radiofrequency ablation under suprapubic ...
Nedambale, TL; ;
Vitrification may alter the cytoskeleton (microtubule, meiotic spindle, microfilament, etc.) and the subsequent fertilization rate of in vitro derived bovine oocytes. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of vitrification and post-thawing incubation periods on the cytoskeleton and fertilization rate of in vitro matured (IVM) bovine oocytes. Following 22 ...
Ma Caihong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a 2-month treatment with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist prior to in-vitro fertilization in Chinese women with moderate or severe endometriosis. METHODS: A study of 162 women surgically diagnosed as having moderate or severe endometriosis. Pituitary down-regulation was achieved with injections of a GnRH ...
Ricci Giuseppe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a patient with a severe myasthenia gravis (MG) who underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted conception. DESIGN: Case report and literature review. SETTING: Tertiary infertility center. PATIENT(S): A 40-year-old woman affected by severe MG. INTERVENTION(S): Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, oocyte retrieval, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ...
Szekeres-Bartho Julia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RM) affects 0.5-1% of couples. The pathophysiology of RM is complex. The suggested causes include anatomical, genetic and molecular abnormalities, endocrine disorders, thrombophilias and anti-phospholipid syndrome. In approximately 50% of the cases neither of the above can be identified. We aimed at examining the evidence on ...
Levi Setti Paolo Emanuele - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the consequences of a law introduced in Italy in 2004 that forbids the fertilization or injection of more than three oocytes for assisted reproduction and does not allow any embryo selection or cryopreservation. DESIGN: Retrospective observational analysis. SETTING: Subfertile patients enrolled in an assisted reproduction program. PATIENT(S): ...
Isonishi Seiji - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe a clinically useful factors index predicting long-term efficacy of uterine artery embolization (UAE). STUDY DESIGN: Newly diagnosed patients with uterine leiomyoma wishing to retain their uterus underwent UAE at our institution. Clinical demographics and 4 prognostic factors were recovered from the ...
Palacios Santiago - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of an oral soy isoflavone extract (Phytosoya) on endometrium (evaluated by biopsy and ultrasonography) in postmenopausal women treated for 12 months. DESIGN: A total of 395 postmenopausal women were included in this international prospective, open-label study. The women were treated for 12 months with a ...
Bobrowska K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The high rate of abnormal uterine bleeding associated with endometrial hyperplasia has been observed in women after kidney transplantation. The great majority of these premalignant lesions regress after conservative treatment, mostly with progestagens. There are cases, however, of persistent or recurrent hyperplasia requiring operative treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We ...
Surrey Eric S - - 2007
Evaluate the incidence of aberrant endometrial integrin (alphavbeta(3) vitronectin) expression in patients at high risk for implantation defects. Retrospective case-control trial of 74 consecutive infertile patients with prior failed IVF cycles despite good embryo quality and/or endometriosis who underwent endometrial biopsy 9-11 days after an LH surge to assess the ...
Pellicano M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare bipolar coagulation and suturing of the ovary in terms of postoperative ovarian adhesions after laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Naples "Federico II." PATIENT(S): Thirty-two women with a single endometriotic cyst were randomly divided into ...
Katsumori Tetsuya - - 2008
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the relationship between the degree of infarction of uterine fibroids on enhanced MRI after embolization and long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS: During 92 months, 290 consecutive patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids were treated with embolization; 221 who underwent enhanced MRI before embolization and 1 week after embolization ...
Mara Michal - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare the midterm results of a radiological and surgical approach to uterine fibroids. One hundred twenty-one women with reproductive plans who presented with an intramural fibroid(s) larger than 4 cm were randomly selected for either uterine artery embolization (UAE) or myomectomy. We compared ...
Shokeir Tarek A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate and characteristics of postoperative intrauterine adhesions (IUA) that might be formed following hysteroscopic reproductive surgery from both a gross and a histologic perspective as determined by early and late follow-up diagnostic hysteroscopy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 61 women wishing a pregnancy and suffering from a ...
Youssef Hamed - - 2007
Ovarian drilling is a well-accepted intervention for ovulation induction in clomiphene citrate-resistant polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of unilateral and bilateral ovarian drilling by electrocautery in PCOS women. In this prospective randomized clinical study, 87 patients with ovulation failure as ...
Trivedi Prakash - - 2007
An open, prospective, multicenter study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of dydrogesterone in the post-laparoscopic treatment of endometriosis in Indian patients. Ninety-eight patients suffering from minimal, mild, moderate or severe endometriosis, with or without infertility, who had undergone laparoscopy, were treated with dydrogesterone 10 mg/day (or 20 ...
Patki Ameet - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to evaluate dydrogesterone for luteal-phase support in assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and to compare it with micronized vaginal progesterone. All patients underwent long-term downregulation with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists. In phase I, 498 patients were divided into three groups: long protocol and not at ...
Rabinovici J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Hysterectomy or myomectomy are the accepted treatments for symptomatic uterine fibroids. Heat ablation of uterine fibroids has been shown to be an effective alternative treatment. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical efficacy of non-invasive thermal ablation by transcutaneous magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) for ...
Nakagawa Koji - - 2007
AIM: To clarify the effect of laparoscopic cystectomy for ovarian endometrioma in infertility patients, the pregnancy outcome was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. From August 2002 to February 2006, 33 infertility patients with ovarian endometrioma underwent laparoscopic cystectomy at our center. According to the laparoscopic findings 33 were ...
Li H Z - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study letrozole as a primary therapeutic agent for endometrial hyperplasia with or without atypia in young women. METHODS: Five premenopausal women presenting for infertility were diagnosed as having endometrial hyperplasia. A second biopsy was performed after they were treated for 3 months with 2.5 mg of letrozole per ...
Koundouros Savvas N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a sequential step-up/step-down protocol with the conventional low dose step-up and the step-down regimens in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing IVF. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. SETTING: Private fertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty-five, 30-year-old or younger, women with PCOS. INTERVENTION(S): The low ...
Stamatellos Ioannis - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproductive benefits of hysteroscopic polypectomy in previous infertile women depending on the size or number of the polyps. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, from February 2000 to September 2005, totally 83 selected women were included with: a) diagnoses of primary or secondary infertility, endometrial ...
Ashrafi, Mahnaz
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients are prone to premature LH surge and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Long GnRH analogue protocol and GnRH antagonist protocol are two methods utilized for induction ovulation in patients undergoing IVF/ICSI. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of GnRH agonists ...
Copperman Kira B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if length of patient-reported infertility prior to referral to a specialist is related to the likelihood that the patient will return to the referring physician for obstetrical care. METHODS: A review of our medical record database identified 430 consecutive pregnant patients, discharged between January 1, 2003, and ...
Colacurci Nicola - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 procedures for metroplasty: resectoscopy with monopolar knife versus small-diameter hysteroscopy fitted with a Versapoint device. DESIGN: Prospective randomized study (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Endoscopic gynecology units at tertiary care university hospitals. PATIENTS: One hundred-sixty patients with septate uterus and a history of recurrent ...
Yildizbas Beyhan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess side effects during the first 6 months of use of Implanon. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was conducted in eastern Turkey between June 2004 and May 2005. Forty-one healthy women, aged 18-40 years who chose to use Implanon participated in the study. The implant was inserted between ...
Madaschi Camila - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the presence of birefringent spindles in living human oocytes can be used as a predictive factor associated with embryo morphology to allow embryo selection before transfer and its association with IVF outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Assisted reproduction center in Brazil. PATIENT(S): One hundred fifty-seven patients ...
Sesti F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Isobaric gasless laparoscopy and minilaparotomy have been used as more recent minimally invasive approaches to myomectomy. This randomized trial aimed to compare the surgical and immediate postoperative outcomes for myomectomy performed by isobaric gasless laparoscopy with those for minilaparotomy. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with symptomatic uterine myomas ...
Mulder Christian - - 2007
We considered a Gompertzian model for the population dynamics of Eisenia andrei case-cohorts in artificial OECD soil under strictly controlled conditions. The earthworm culture was kept between 18 and 22 degrees C at a constant pH of 5.0. In all, 77 lumbricids were carefully followed for almost 9 years, until ...
Cicinelli Ettore - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects after 10 days of an original treatment combining oral progestins with vaginal raloxifene to maximize the antiproliferative effect on the endometrium. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical pilot study. SETTING: Academic research environment. PATIENT(S): Ninety women with endometrial polyps. INTERVENTION(S): On day 1 of the subsequent menstrual ...
Tariq Nabia - - 2007
Objective: To determine the accuracy of diagnosing polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) predominantly on clinical features and the response to metformin therapy. Study Design: Quasi experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Shifa College of medicine and Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad from January 2003 to July 2006. Patients and Methods: Women ...
Stewart Elizabeth A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess several measures of the long-term outcome of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery for symptomatic uterine leiomyomata. METHODS: Data on 359 women completing 24-month follow-up in all clinical trials of magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery for uterine leiomyomata were analyzed. Quality of life outcomes, measured by the symptom ...
Kim Hyun S - - 2007
The authors evaluated the safety and clinical outcomes of uterine artery embolization (UAE) without the use of conventional iodinated contrast media for symptomatic uterine leiomyomata. Patients underwent UAE with use of CO(2) gas and a gadolinium-based contrast medium. The safety and feasibility of the technique were assessed. Patients were followed ...
Badawy A - - 2007
In this prospective randomized study, women with idiopathic karyotypically normal premature ovarian failure (POF) were treated with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and gonadotrophins with and without the addition of corticosteroids in an attempt to restore ovarian function. The study comprised 58 women with idiopathic POF randomly allocated to either GnRH ...
Kohama Takafumi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of Pycnogenol (Horphag Research, Geneva, Switzerland), French maritime pine bark extract, on endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-eight women were included in this study. They were operated on conservatively for endometriosis and surgically diagnosed with the condition. All patients were followed at 4, 12, 24 and 48 ...
Muneyyirci-Delale Ozgul - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) may have iron-deficiency anemia (IDA); therefore, surgery places them at risk of blood-borne morbidity from perioperative transfusions. Such women might benefit from a preoperative treatment that restores hematologic normality and alleviates fibroid symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the ...
Boeckxstaens An - - 2007
BACKGROUND: When women regret having had a tubal sterilization, is the pregnancy rate higher with surgical reversal or IVF? METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyses the delivery rates of 163 patients undergoing IVF treatment (n = 79) or surgical reversal (n = 84). Pregnancy outcomes were obtained by reviewing medical ...
De Berardis Domenico - - 2007
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Pharmacologic options studied for treating severe PMS and PMDD may include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, anxiolytic agents, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists and the diuretic spironolactone. However, the use of combined oral contraceptives (COC) may be a therapeutic option in ...
Friedler Shevach - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the efficacy of using an embryo transfer medium enriched with hyaluronan (HA) to improve implantation in a selected group of patients aged <43 years with repeated (>4) implantation failures after IVF-embryo transfer. METHODS: About 101 patients, meeting our selection criteria, were randomly allocated to undergo ...
Gavai Marta - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether abdominal myomectomy could be a choice for patients with symptomatic fibroids above the age of 48 years, who wish to get hormonal replacement therapy and desire to retain their uterus. METHODS: We performed 504 abdominal myomectomies between 1990 and 2004. ...
Liu Yuhuan - - 2007
This study prospectively evaluated the impact of transcervical resection of endometrium (TCRE) on uterine and ovarian haemodynamics. The study group comprised 35 women with abnormal (excessive) uterine bleeding who underwent TCRE. The patients were examined by transvaginal colour Doppler ultrasonography 1-4 days prior to operation, and then 1, 3, 6 ...
Mushtaq Naila - - 2007
A case of umbilical endometriosis in a 36 years old Saudi female is described.The patient presented with 4 months history of bleeding and discharge from the umbilicus and was treated with local and systemic antibiotics. Histopathology of tissues collected from the umbilicus revealed endometrial stroma and glands. The patient underwent ...
Hopkins Matthew R - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the feasibility of performing Essure hysteroscopic sterilization immediately after NovaSure global endometrial ablation (GEA). DESIGN: Descriptive feasibility study (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Midwestern United States academic medical center. PATIENTS: Twenty-five women (aged 35-49 years) with menorrhagia who elected GEA treatment and requested concurrent permanent ...
Palomba Stefano - - 2007
CONTEXT: Clomiphene citrate (CC) and metformin are two effective drugs used to induce ovulation in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), even if it is still unclear which compound between them should be initially administered. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare in a clinical setting the efficacy ...
de Jonge Eric T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to identify predictors of oligoamenorrhea at 12 months in levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) users. DESIGN: A 12-month observational study. SETTING: Gynecologic outpatient clinic in a large regional hospital in Flanders, Belgium. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: A total of 150 women who had made an informed decision ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of letrozole (5 mg) and clomiphene citrate (100 mg) for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital and private practice setting. PATIENT(S): The study comprised a total of 438 infertile women (1063 cycles) with PCOS. ...
Sambrook Alison - - 2007
Microwave endometrial ablation is an effective treatment for heavy menstrual loss that achieves high satisfaction rates, is acceptable to patients, and is recommended by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence. It has been evaluated extensively in randomized trials against first- and second-generation endometrial ablative techniques. Its simplicity of use and ...
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