Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1670
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Zhang Jian-Min - - 2009
The aim of this study is to determine whether inclusion of caspase inhibitor can improve the efficacy of cryopreservation of ovarian tissue. Mice were randomly assigned to the Group A (fresh control group) Group B (inclusion of caspase inhibitor) and Group C (non-inclusion of caspase inhibitor). Ovarian tissue in Group ...
Padhy Nabaneeta N Department of Reproductive Medicine, Institute of Reproductive Medicine, Madras Medical Mission, Chennai - 37, - - 2009
In this study, we have attempted to relate the antral follicle size on day 3 of downregulation to the in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome and hence test its predictive value for IVF outcome. Teaching hospital, prospective double-blinded cohort study. The sonographer was blinded toward the patient profile whereas the follicular ...
Nicoli Alessia - - 2010
Pronuclear morphology seems to be an important predictive value of zygote development and integrity. In this study we want to evaluate the effect of insemination technique, male factor and oocyte cryopreservation on pronuclear morphology of zygotes derived from sibling oocytes in our Centre of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and ...
Jeong W J - - 2009
The objective was to evaluate the effect of cytoplasmic lipid content on the embryonic developmental efficiency of bovine in vitro embryo production (IVP) embryos. Ovaries from Korean native cows (Bos taurus coreanae) were collected from a local abattoir, and cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were recovered from follicles 2 to 8mm in ...
Amiridis G S - - 2009
In practice, the etiologic treatment of the repeat-breeder cow is nearly infeasible. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a combined treatment would benefit the conception rate of repeat-breeder cows. The components of this regimen target ovulation defects, late progesterone (P4) rise, and premature luteolysis. In a 5-year period, ...
Tsiligianni Theodora - - 2009
Follicular development and oocyte quality were assessed by laparoscopic observation and in vitro fertilisation, respectively, in melatonin-treated (Group M) and control (Group C) anoestrous Chios ewes (n = 10 in each group). Fourteen days after melatonin insertion, all ewes had laparoscopic evaluation of the follicular population followed by oocyte pick-up ...
Rashidi Batool - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of calcium-vitamin D and metformin on the menstrual cycle and ovulation in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this pilot study, 60 infertile PCOS patients were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial and divided into ...
Sharma J B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Office hysteroscopy with endometrial biopsy is usually the first investigation for abnormal uterine bleeding and other uterine diseases. AIMS: To evaluate the effect of oral drotaverine with mefenamic acid on pain perception during hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy and to compare it with that of paracervical block using 1% lignocaine ...
Karimzadeh Mohammad Ali - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of clomiphene citrate, metformin, and lifestyle modification on treatment of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Prospective randomized double-blind study. SETTING: University-based infertility clinic and research center. PATIENT(S): Three hundred forty-three overweight infertile women with PCOS. INTERVENTION(S): The participating women were assigned to four ...
Ghanem Mohamad E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of luteal phase support protocol on cycle outcome and luteal phase hormone profile, in long agonist protocol intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTING: Private infertility center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred seventy-four women undergoing first ICSI cycles were randomized after ovum pickup into ...
Baltaci Volkan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) combined with piezoelectric stimulation in infertile couples with a history of total fertilization failure (TFF). DESIGN: Prospective controlled trial. SETTING: Clinical IVF laboratory. PATIENT(S): Seventy-one couples undergoing ICSI on sibling oocytes having at least one previous ICSI attempt with TFF. ...
Roy K K - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in patients with infertility due to Asherman's syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical analysis of 89 patients who underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis by monopolar electrode knife. A second-look office hysteroscopy was performed in all cases after 2 months. On second-look ...
Zanetti Eveline Dos Santos Edos - - 2010
This study aimed to establish a protocol for synchronization of estrus in brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira). Two groups of hinds (n=3) were submitted to two different protocols: Treatment 1 received an intravaginal progesterone (CIDR) device for 8 days, followed by 265microg injection of cloprostenol at the time of removal; ...
Seracchioli Renato - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postoperative long-term cyclic and continuous administration of combined oral contraceptive (OC) pills in preventing endometriosis-related pain recurrence. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENT(S): Three hundred eleven women who underwent laparoscopic excision for symptomatic ovarian endometrioma. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were randomly divided into three ...
Sambrook A M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes and further operations at a minimum of 10 years following microwave endometrial ablation (MEA) or transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE). DESIGN: Follow up of a randomised controlled trial using postal questionnaires and operative databank review. SETTING: Gynaecology department of a large UK teaching hospital. MAIN ...
Romão Gustavo Salata - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the mean oocyte diameter (MOD) on occurrence of fertilization and embryo quality in assisted reproduction cycles. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Sector of Human Reproduction of the University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (HCFMRP-USP). PATIENT(S): Thirty-five women undergoing ...
Brent Alison S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Reducing cycle times in pediatric emergency medicine is an ongoing challenge to practitioners and institutions who strive to provide outstanding medical care in a caring and efficient manner amid the chaotic environment of a busy emergency department. For institutions that wish to undertake such a task, there is scant ...
Barker L C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there may be a role for aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia (EH) and endometrial adenocarcinoma (EA) in postmenopausal women, a retrospective study on the effect of aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole or letrozole) was conducted for 16 patients who were not amenable to surgical ...
Fang Lanlan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the advantages of 3-dimensional (3D) sonography in embryo transfer. METHODS: With the use of 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D sonography to measure the transfer distance from the fundus (TDF), 319 patients were allocated into 4 groups according to the disparity between 2D ...
Tsolakidis Dimitrios - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of two different laparoscopic methods on ovarian reserve in patients with ovarian endometriomas. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Endoscopy unit of a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Twenty women with endometriomas. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were randomly selected to undergo either laparoscopic cystectomy for endometrioma (group 1) or ...
Yilmaz Nafiye - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of coasting (withdrawing gonadotropin administration) on IVF outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Department of Infertility of Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Research and Education Hospital. PATIENT(S): Ninety-four patients in whom coasting was applied (group 1). One control group consisted of 22 patients in whom coasting ...
Jallouli Mohamed - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate, in a prospectively randomized trial, whether preoperative gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) therapy improves the fertility index in primary cryptorchidism. Cryptorchidism is a common condition with a high risk of infertility. Treatment with GnRH appears to improve fertility later in life by inducing germ cell maturation. METHODS: A total ...
van Dongen H - - 2009
This study assessed the efficacy of hysteroscopic polyp removal in the management of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) of premenopausal patients. The monthly menstrual blood loss, measured semi-objectively by the pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBAC) and patients satisfaction were recorded prospectively preoperatively and postoperatively. Twenty-one patients were included. Median monthly ...
Barbosa Caio Parente - - 2010
To determine the presence of OC-125 staining in endometriotic lesions and to verify whether there is an association with endometriosis stage. Thirteen patients from the Family Planning programs (group I) and 53 patients from the Chronic Pelvic Pain outpatient clinic (group II) were studied. Endometriotic lesions were excised from areas ...
Yang S - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate juvenile rhesus monkeys responding to various gonadotropin regimen stimulations. Thirty-two prepubertal rhesus monkeys were randomly allocated into five groups for ovarian stimulation as follows: Groups I, II, and III were given 35, 18, and 9 IU recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (rhFSH), respectively, ...
Cardigno P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A preliminary study to evaluate the usefulness of homeopathic treatment in the care of menstrual irregularities. METHOD: Patients were diagnosed at the first appointment according to menstrual cycle over the past year: Amenorrhea (AM), Oligo-amenorrhea (OL-AM), OL, Taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT). All patients were prescribed an individualised, global ...
Chapa Hector O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in-office Thermachoice III endometrial ablation on subsequent dysmenorrhea and premenstrual mood symptoms in relation to decreased menstrual blood loss. STUDY DESIGN: The study conducted was in a prospective cohort single group. Ablations were performed on 148 patients under parametrial block using dilute mepivacaine and oral anxiolysis for ...
Endrikat Jan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) compared with a combined oral contraceptive containing 1 mg norethindrone acetate and 20 mg ethinyl estradiol (OC1/20) in reducing menstrual blood loss (MBL) in women with idiopathic menorrhagia. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open-label study was conducted in nine centres ...
Ben-Meir Assaf - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether supplementation with hCG throughout the secretory phase of hormonally modulated cycles of frozen-thawed embryos might positively affect the outcome of such cycles. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Patients undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were randomly divided into two groups ...
Pisco João M - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether it is safe to perform uterine artery embolization (UAE) as an outpatient procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and included 234 patients (age range, 24-58 years; mean age, 40.5 years) who underwent UAE as an outpatient procedure with ...
Raz T - - 2009
The objective was to compare the effects of eFSH and deslorelin treatment regimes on ovarian stimulation and embryo production of donor mares in early spring transition. Starting January 30th, mares kept under ambient light were examined by transrectal ultrasonography. When a follicle > or =25 mm was detected, mares were ...
Kim Chung-Hoon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of pioglitazone on ovarian stimulation, in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome, and intraovarian stromal blood flow in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: University-affiliated infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Sixty infertile patients with PCOS resistant to clomiphene citrate. INTERVENTION(S): An IVF protocol ...
Taheripanah, Robabeh
Background: The retrieval of good quality oocytes that is accomplished with selection of the best induction ovulation protocol on the basis of patients condition, age and cause of infertility, is one of the most important aspects of ART cycles. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of low dose, long ...
Madson D M - - 2009
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is associated with reproductive failure in female pigs. However, the association of PCV2-positive semen in the pathogenesis has not been elucidated. The objectives of this study were to determine whether semen spiked with PCV2 causes infection in PCV2-naïve, mature female pigs and whether delivery of ...
V?rnagy Akos - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low-dose aspirin therapy on ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in an unselected group of patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Division of Reproductive Medicine at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of P?cs, Faculty of Medicine, P?cs, Hungary. PATIENT(S): ...
Nogal PaweĊ‚ - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: So far, no unequivocal answer has been provided to the question of how to treat girls with anorexia nervosa (AN). The goal of the study was evaluation of treatment results and search for prognostic factors, regarding the outcome of administered therapy in girls with AN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Liu Shan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To establish a novel scoring system for human immature oocytes and estimate its prognostic effects on the in vitro maturation (IVM) and developmental potential of human immature oocytes. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Hospital-based IVF center. PATIENT(S): Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing unstimulated cycles of oocyte retrieval. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Debrock Sophie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that patients with advanced maternal age (AMA) have a higher implantation rate (IR) after embryo transfer of embryos with a normal chromosomal pattern for the chromosomes studied with preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) compared with patients who had an embryo transfer without PGS. DESIGN: Prospective randomized ...
Yan Chang-Liang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Taxol pretreatment on mitochondrial behaviors in vitrified mouse mature oocytes and their parthenogenetic embryos. DESIGN: Experimental animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory and state key laboratory. ANIMAL(S): Sexually mature female Kunming white strain mice. INTERVENTION(S): Taxol before vitrification group (Tax). Oocytes were pretreated with ...
Ambat Sreekrishnakiran - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and complications of uterine artery embolization (UAE) versus laparoscopic occlusion of uterine vessels (LOUV) in the management of symptomatic fibroids. METHODS: A pilot randomized clinical trial in which 20 patients with symptomatic fibroids were randomly allocated into two groups. Ten women underwent UAE, and 10 ...
Madhu Chendrimada K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE(S): To audit the practice and effectiveness of second generation endometrial ablation techniques (microwave and thermal balloon ablation). DESIGN AND METHODS: An audit of microwave and balloon endometrial ablation procedures was completed and performed during a 2-year period, in two district hospitals of Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Trust, UK. Patients ...
Tepper Ronnie - - 2009
PURPOSE: Description and evaluation of the sonographic changes at the site of the myomectomy and follow-up of the healing process. METHODS: Twelve patients with intramural fibroids underwent myomectomy. Pre- and postoperative ultrasound examinations included measurements of uterine volume and the largest diameters of the largest fibroid and the myomectomy scar. ...
Guerif F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Whether extended culture allowing selection of embryos with high development potential has any advantage over cleavage-stage embryo transfer remains a matter of debate. Among the currently unsolved questions, the cumulative delivery rate resulting from fresh and frozen embryo transfers needs to be taken into account in both strategies. The ...
Zhang Jian-Min - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this experiment is to detect effects of varying levels of sucrose on vitrified ovarian tissues. METHODS: Ovarian tissues of mice were vitrified-thawed. Mice were randomly assigned to the fresh control group and experimental groups. According to different concentration of sucrose in vitrification solution, the experimental groups ...
Hudelist G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of routine clinical examination (per vaginam, PV) combined with transvaginal sonography (TVS) for presurgical, non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis. METHODS: Two-hundred women with symptoms suggestive of endometriosis were prospectively assessed by PV and TVS prior to laparoscopy and radical ...
Kovacs Peter - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of early follicular phase recombinant LH supplementation on stimulation outcome among women undergoing IVF using the GnRHa long protocol and recombinant FSH. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Private IVF unit. PATIENT(S): Women under the age of 40 with normal ovarian function undergoing their first or ...
Lan Kuo-Chung - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences between the right and left ovarian responses in patients undergoing standard in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: A university hospital in Taiwan. PATIENT(S): Seven hundred eighty-nine consecutive patients undergoing IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The number ...
Aflatoonian, Abbas
Background: One of the major and life-threatening side effects of Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART) is ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). The available data however, have been showed that both Cabergoline (anti VEGF) and coasting reduce the severity of OHSS. Objective: We aimed to compare coasting and Cabergoline administration in prevention of ...
Ramón Olga - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim was to ascertain whether using ultrasound guidance during intrauterine insemination (IUI) could increase pregnancy rates (PRs). METHODS: The population under study consisted of 73 consecutive couples subjected to IUI in our Human Reproduction Unit, between June and December 2006, with a total of 231 IUI cycles performed. ...
Eftekhar Zahra - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are therapeutic dilemmas regarding fertility-preserving treatment among young women with well-differentiated endometrial carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with stage IA well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma were enrolled in a prospective study. The treatment initiated with 160 mg/d of megestrol acetate. The patients underwent dilatation and curettage and hysteroscopy after ...
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