Search Results
Results 1101 - 1150 of 1671
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Thijssen R F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To test the safety and efficiency of radiofrequency endometrial ablation as a nonhysteroscopic treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. DESIGN: A multicentre trial. SETTING: Nineteen clinics in six countries. METHODS: From February 1990 to December 1994, 1280 women were treated with radiofrequency endometrial ablation. Inclusion criteria were: menorrhagia, age 30-55 ...
Wilkins J F - - 1997
Efficiency in breeding flocks can be improved by increasing twinning rate. While this can be achieved by several methods that stimulate ovulation rate, there is considerable variation in the number of extra lambs produced by alternative treatments. Variations in ovulation rate following stimulation treatments are well documented, but the subsequent ...
Nuojua-Huttunen S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of fallopian tube sperm perfusion utilizing a Foley catheter technique with standard IUI. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. SETTING: The infertility units of the University Central Hospital and the Family Federation of Finland, Oulu, Finland. PATIENT(S): One hundred infertile women with unexplained factor, minimal to mild ...
Abu-Heija A T - - 1997
We investigated the effect of the sperm-cervical mucus penetration tests (SPT) on the fertilization rate (FR) and pregnancy rate (PR) in patients treated with either in vitro fertilization (IVF) or ovulation induction combined with intrauterine insemination (OI + IUI). Infertile couples where the women had normal ovarian function and a ...
Fike K E - - 1997
Objectives were to evaluate conception rates and time to estrus following cessation of treatments designed to either cause prolonged elevated concentrations of 17beta-estradiol associated with development of persistent ovarian follicles or to inhibit elevated concentrations of 17beta-estradiol and development of persistent ovarian follicles. Beef heifers (n = 80) and 2-yr-old ...
Cano F - - 1997
Our purpose was to assess the endocrine status of women with polycystic ovaries (PCO) undergoing IVF, and to compare oocyte quality with endocrine markers of the syndrome, in an attempt to define a subpopulation with poor quality oocytes. This was a retrospective study. Patients were first endocrinologically analyzed: serum levels ...
Marconi D - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of tamoxifen on the endometrium. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Rome. PATIENTS: One hundred one postmenopausal women with breast cancer receiving tamoxifen 20 to 30 mg/day for at least 1 year; of these 78 were asymptomatic ...
Deligdisch L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To define the pathologic changes underlying the mechanism of shrinkage of uterine leiomyomata in patients treated with luprolide acetate. DESIGN: Retrospective study of pathologic changes seen in leiomyomata removed by hysterectomy or myomectomy in treated and untreated patients, matched by age and size of uteri and leiomyomata. PATIENT(S): Gross ...
Bhattacharya S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare endometrial laser ablation (ELA) with transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE) in the treatment of menorrhagia. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Gynaecology department of a large teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Women with menorrhagia due to dysfunctional uterine bleeding (n = 372) were randomly allocated to ELA (n = ...
Sørensen S S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: To assess the value of endometrial preparation, with preoperative and pre- and postoperative GnRH agonist therapy in transcervical endometrial resection. METHODS: Sixty women with menorrhagia were randomly divided between three groups: A: no preoperative preparation, B: goserelin 3.6 mg given as a subcutaneous implant 4-6 weeks preoperatively, and C: ...
Foidart J M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on endometrium, climacteric symptoms and the menstrual cycle, and the clinical and biological tolerance of two percutaneous oestradiol gels used as hormone replacement therapy. DESIGN: A large open randomised multicentre study. SETTING: France and Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred and fifty-four women with an intact uterus and ...
Antoni J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare two endometrial biopsy techniques, based on the quality of material obtained, cost effectiveness, and pain during the procedure. STUDY DESIGN: A single blind, randomized prospective study. RESULTS: A total of 365 women with peri/postmenopausal bleeding were randomized into two groups: 174 biopsied cytospat (C) and 191 biopsied ...
Ubaldi F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of subtle serum P rise before hCG administration on endometrial maturation in stimulated cycles. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Twenty patients with serum P < or = 0.9 ng/mL (group I) (conversion to SI unit, 3.180), 20 patients with premature P rise ...
Hann L E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate sonographic measurements of endometrial thickness in postmenopausal breast cancer patients being treated with tamoxifen and to correlate endometrial thickness with pathology, symptoms, and duration of tamoxifen treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pelvic sonograms and medical records of 91 postmenopausal breast cancer patients being treated ...
Acién P - - 1997
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and hormonal effects of the combination of a long-acting gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRH-a) plus an oral contraceptive (OC) pill containing ethinyl-oestradiol (EE) and cyproterone acetate (CPA) versus the EE-CPA pill alone in patients with polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) and related ...
Premawardhana L D - - 1997
The outlook for fertility and attaining full adult height is poor in women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Such outcomes have followed treatment regimes with variable ages at onset, compliance rates and monitoring. We review final height, vaginal anatomy, ovulation rates and fertility in a group of adult females with the ...
Were E O - - 1997
In a randomised controlled trial to determine the optimum time of initiation of Ovrette, a progestin only oral contraceptive among postpartum women, who fully or nearly fully breast-fed their infants in the first six months, no difference was found between group 1 (initiating at six weeks postpartum) and group 2 ...
Suhonen S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system in opposing endometrial proliferation and in preventing bleeding was studied in peri- and postmenopausal women receiving estrogen replacement therapy. METHODS: This was an open, non-controlled follow-up study of the use of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system during continuous estrogen replacement therapy carried out ...
Bider D - - 1997
The study was conducted to examine the efficacy of the zona drilling technique for promotion of successful implantation and pregnancy by assisting embryo hatching in women of advanced age undergoing treatment by in-vitro fertilization. A total of 839 embryos from 211 patients aged >38 years underwent assisted hatching during 312 ...
Maia H H - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of endometrial resection for treatment of menorrhagia in women to whom no preoperative agent was given to prepare the endometrium. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients' records for all endometrial resections in which medroxyprogesterone acetate was used postoperatively. SETTING: Hospital day surgery unit. PATIENTS: Seventy ...
Ben-Chetrit A - - 1997
Our aim was to assess the effect of the day of ovum retrieval on outcome in an IVF program scheduled for weekday-only ovum retrievals. This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent transvaginal ultrasound-guided ovum retrieval (TVUS-OR) in an IVF program from August 10, 1992, to April 30, 1993. ...
Vavala V - - 1997
Sixty-five patients with uterine myomas were studied after surgery to investigate the effect of periodic GnRH analog treatment on the prevention of recurrences. A group of patients was treated by leuprolide acetate depot 3 months a year for 3 years. At the end of treatment, these patients showed a significantly ...
Kotani N - - 1997
We evaluated the analgesic effect of Toki-shakuyaku-san (TSS) in women who had a combination of "deficiency," of "Yin," "cold," and "stagnated blood" syndromes, and were suffering from dysmenorrhea. A diagnostic scoring system was used for determination of these conditions. We treated patients with either TSS or placebo during 2 menstrual ...
Nieto A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The clinical and histological efficacy of gestrinone in the treatment of endometriosis was evaluated. METHODS: A prospective study was performed with longitudinal follow-up of 4 years duration (minimum) for each patient. Twenty-five cases of endometriosis were treated with gestrinone (as a drug of choice or associated with other local ...
Finan M A - - 1997
Twenty-seven patients who underwent laparotomy after a prior hysterectomy for endometriosis were studied. The mean interval from index surgery to repeat surgery was 7.8 years. Abdominal/pelvic pain was the most common presenting complaint, followed by the objective finding of a pelvic mass. Six patients were taking estrogen replacement therapy. Physical ...
al-Gubory K H - - 1996
The present study was designed to determine the contribution of the gravid uterus and the conceptus in the inhibition of antral follicular growth. All antral follicles were counted and measured on day 48 post mating in ovaries of pregnant ewes (Group 1, n = 5) and in ovaries of ewes ...
Tomazevic T - - 1996
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis for the patients after the treatment of infertility resulting from proximal tubal blockage using microsurgical tubocornual anastomosis and in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer complementarily. A total of 59 microsurgical operations (1986-1992) for infertility resulting from pathological proximal tubal lesions ...
Istre O - - 1996
The objective of this study was to identify whether the endometrial thickness, or the anteroposterior diameter of the uterus as assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS), could be used to predict the clinical outcome following transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE). An open observational trial was carried out, involving 195 consecutive ...
Platt S - - 1996
Transtelephone monitoring (TTM) is capable of detecting pacemaker pulse generator malfunction, battery depletion, and lead failure. The accuracy of TTM was analyzed by a review of Montefiore Medical Center records between October 1981 and March 1994. Each group of transmissions from a single patient, starting with implant and ending with ...
Son W Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of 1,2-propanediol and freezing-thawing treatment on the maturation and developmental capacity of the human immature oocytes obtained from unstimulated ovaries. DESIGN: Intact cumulus-enclosed immature oocytes collected from unstimulated ovaries were divided into three groups, such as no treatment as control (group 1), only 1,2-propanediol-treated (group 2), ...
Csemiczky G - - 1996
In order to analyse the relationship between grade of tubal damage and pregnancy rate following in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment, 50 consecutive couples with isolated tubal infertility who underwent IVF without previous reconstructive surgery were studied. The couples had tried to conceive for 2.5-5.6 years (mean 3.9 years) and had gone ...
Vilos G A - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of hysteroscopic endometrial ablation in women with menometrorrhagia. DESIGN: Retrospective record review. SETTING: A credentialing program in teaching and nonteaching hospitals. PATIENTS: Eight hundred women who underwent endometrial ablation in 54 hospitals, with indications of abnormal uterine bleeding disrupting lifestyle, postmenopausal bleeding ...
Istre O - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine if women who have undergone transcervical resection of the endometrium can be treated safely with estrogens alone. METHODS: Sixty-two postmenopausal women who had undergone endometrial resection were recruited into a double-blind, randomized study. Twenty-one had menopausal symptoms at the primary operation and were recruited at the time ...
Phillips D R - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of treating adenomyomata with laparoscopic bipolar coagulation. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. Setting. The gynecology department of a community hospital. PATIENTS: Ten women, each with severe dysmenorrhea, chronic menorrhagia, and adenomyomata diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic bipolar coagulation of adenomyomata. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN ...
Kettel L M - - 1996
Ovulation induction is one of the greatest success stories in reproductive endocrinology. With appropriate therapy in properly f1p4cted patients, the conception and live birth-rates in treated patients are almost indistinguishable from normal. In the estrogenized woman there are many different techniques to reverse the condition of chronic anovulation. With clomiphene ...
Maia H H - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endometrial cavity of menopausal women with irregular bleeding while receiving hormone replacement therapy. DESIGN: Comparative evaluation of hysteroscopic and biopsy findings. SETTING: A center for reproductive studies. PATIENTS: Forty-one patients receiving different regimens of hormone replacement therapy. INTERVENTIONS: Hysteroscopy, endometrial biopsy, and transvaginal sonography were ...
Crosignani P G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of laparoscopy compared with laparotomy in conservative surgical treatment for severe endometriosis. DESIGN: Comparison of nonrandomized historical surgical series. SETTING: Two teaching hospitals and referral centers specializing in reparative and reconstructive surgery. PATIENT(S): A total of 216 patients operated for severe endometriosis during a 5-year ...
Kiesel L - - 1996
Add-back hormone replacement therapy has been shown to alleviate some of the hypo-oestrogenic side effects associated with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists, including demineralisation of bone. Studies on patients with uterine fibroids have shown that concomitant add-back therapy reduced the efficacy of these agents, but that deferred administration was less detrimental. This ...
Boni R - - 1996
The potential of the ovum pick-up technique, used over a long period, was evaluated in 6 Italian Mediterranean buffalo cows that had more than 500 d open. The cows were submitted to ovum pick-up twice weekly for 2 mo. An additional 2-mo cycle of ovum pick-up was performed in 3 ...
Lev-Toaff A S - - 1996
PURPOSE: To assess the value of sonohysterography in the diagnosis and management of abnormal uterine bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sonohysterography was performed in 28 women (aged 29-55 years) in whom transvaginal sonography (TVS) suggested an abnormal endometrial echo (n = 14) or fibroids (n = 14). Its effect on diagnosis ...
Daels P F - - 1996
Two experiments were conducted to test the efficacy of altrenogest treatment in mares. The response to 15-d altrenogest treatment (Experiment 1) was characterized in 20 mares that were given 22 mg daily of altrenogest in oil (n = 10) or in gel (n = 10) from Day 10 to 25 ...
Avivi I - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of the ACTH test as a means for detection of late onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and discriminating it from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), by repeating the test after 6 months of cyproterone acetate and ethinyl E2 treatment. DESIGN: Follow-up comparison study. SETTING: Reproductive Endocrinology ...
Studd J - - 1996
The usefulness of the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists in treating benign chronic gynaecological disorders, such as endometriosis and uterine fibroids, or pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS), is limited by their hypo-oestrogenic side effects, including bone demineralisation and vasomotor symptoms. Studies in patients receiving GnRH agonists and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) show that ...
Balasch J - - 1996
Routine screening for circulating antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), namely the lupus anticoagulant (LA) and anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL), was carried out in a total of 1273 women aged < 45 years. Of them, 822 were experimental subjects and 451 were controls. The former comprised the following three study groups: 498 infertile patients ...
Dören M - - 1996
The occurrence of uterine bleeding usually associated with hormonal replacement therapy is not acceptable for many women. Our objective was to review data on compliance and bleeding patterns in 70 postmenopausal women on oral replacement with estradiol 2 mg, estriol 1 mg, and norethisterone acetate 1 mg daily administered in ...
Pansini F - - 1996
We evaluated bleeding pattern and endometrium following the administration of two of the most common types of progestogens used in hormone replacement therapy, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and medrogestone acetate. Twenty eight patients in spontaneous menopause were randomly allocated to two groups. Group 1 (n = 14) received 5 mg/day of ...
Ugur M - - 1996
In this preliminary study, the safety and efficacy of a combined GnRHa and low-dose danazol regimen was evaluated in patients with advanced stage endometriosis. Five patients with stage IV endometriosis were administered triptorelin 3.75 mg intramuscularly with monthly intervals in combination with oral danazol 100 mg/day for 6 months. Laparoscopy ...
D'Hooghe T M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of spontaneous endometriosis over a 32-month period in baboons with initially normal pelves. METHODS: In this observational longitudinal study, which was performed at the Institute of Primate Research, Nairobi (Kenya), 24 baboons with laparoscopically confirmed normal pelves underwent 67 serial laparoscopies (mean 2.8 +/- 1.9, ...
D'Hooghe T M - - 1996
This study was done to test the hypothesis that the incidence and recurrence of retrograde menstruation is higher in baboons with spontaneous endometriosis than in those without. A total of 399 laparoscopies was performed on 113 female baboons. Group 1 consisted of 84 animals with a normal pelvis (including 23 ...
Sillem M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors influencing the development of endometrial autografts in a monkey model of endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative study. SETTING: Animal research unit. SUBJECTS: Thirty regularly cycling cynomolgus monkeys in three groups of 10 each. INTERVENTIONS: Endometrium was minced and spilled into the cul-de-sac in group 1. In group ...
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