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Liang Jianfeng - - 2014
Aims: To study the clinical manifestations, illness-related factors and microsurgical management of adolescent-onset idiopathic hemifacial spasm. Materials and Methods: Of the 1221 microvascular decompression procedures performed for idiopathic hemifacial spasm between March 2001 and July 2007, 16 (1.3%) were in adolescent age (≤18). Results: Clinical manifestations in the adolescent-onset were ...
Cahill Patrick J PJ *Shriners Hospitals for Children, Philadelphia, PA †Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, - - 2014
Nonstructural curves are defined in the Lenke classification system for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis as bending out to <25 degrees. A caveat in the original paper states, however, that if the difference in Cobb magnitude between the major and minor curves is <5 degrees, then the minor curve should be considered ...
Atmaca Halil H Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Antalya / - - 2014
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex three dimensional deformity of the spine involving deviations in the frontal plane, modifications of the sagittal profile, and rotations in the transverse plane. Although Lenke classification system is based on two dimensional radiographs, and includes sagittal thoracic and coronal lumbar modifiers, Lenke et ...
La Rosa Guido - - 2013
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a tridimensional deformity characterized by coronal and sagittal profiles changes. We present a series of 62 patients affected by AIS and treated by thoracic Universal Clamps and transpedicular lumbar screws hybrid system. Mean age was 13 years. Average pre-operative Cobb angle was 63° ± 12°. Patients were divided ...
Yang Junlin - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: Report of a new technique. OBJECTIVE:: We describe a new technique of double-curve synchronous derotation with convex correction for double-major AIS and is highlighted via illustrative cases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Rotational deformity is a significant component of scoliosis, which causes a secondary rib hump, and adversely affects ...
Mattila Mikko - - 2013
Study Design. A comparative review of two cohorts with prospective data collection.Objective. To compare clinical and radiographic parameters in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) undergoing surgery using total pedicle screw instrumentation with and without en bloc vertebral column derotation (DVR).Summary of Background Data. All pedicle screw instrumentation with or ...
Scherrer Sophie-Anne - - 2013
Vertebral wedging is associated with spinal deformity progression in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Reporting frontal and sagittal wedging separately could be misleading since these are projected values of a single three-dimensional deformation of the vertebral body. The objectives of this study were to determine if three-dimensional vertebral body wedging is present ...
Tsirikos A I - - 2012
We reviewed 212 consecutive patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent posterior spinal arthrodesis using all pedicle screw instrumentation in terms of clinical, radiological and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 outcomes. In Group 1 (51 patients), the correction was performed over two rods using bilateral segmental pedicle screws. In Group 2 (161 ...
Kim Jae Kwang - - 2012
We describe 4 patients with an extension contracture of the little metacarpophalangeal joint without definite cause. We encountered this entity only in adolescent girls. When treated conservatively, we observed no improvements in motion. The main pathology of this entity was a hypertrophied dorsal capsule. The 2 patients treated by surgical ...
Avci M - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to evaluate short-term outcome of the use of endoanchors to secure the primary migrated endograft and additional extender cuffs to the aortic wall in patients with previous failed endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Consecutive patients who needed proximal repair of a primary failed endograft due ...
Na Han Kyu - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the migration rates of covered stents with eight, four, and zero barbs in urethra-mimicking bovine pericardium models. METHODS: Three types of polytetrafluoroethylene-covered retrievable self-expandable prostatic stents, with eight, four, and zero barbs, were tested in bovine pericardium models, consisting of normal saline-filled acrylic ...
Miyazawa Katsuhito - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and predictors of seed migration after transperineal interstitial prostate brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2007 to March 2011, 121 patients with stage T1-T2 prostate cancer underwent transperineal interstitial prostate brachytherapy. Pre-planning was performed 3 weeks prior to implantation, and ...
Tamdrari H - - 2012
Homing behaviour and group cohesion in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua from the northern Gulf of St Lawrence were studied based on tagging-recapture data from two periods, the 1980s and a recent period from 1996 to 2008. Two or more tags from a single tagging experiment were frequently recovered together in ...
Tiberi David A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the extent of gold fiducial marker (FM) migration in patients treated for prostate cancer with concurrent androgen deprivation and external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three or 4 gold FMs were implanted in 37 patients with prostate adenocarcinoma receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in conjunction with ...
Leung Yiu Yan - - 2012
PURPOSE: There is no long-term evaluation on the safety of coronectomy of the lower third molar. The aim of this study was to investigate the 3-year morbidity of coronectomy of the lower third molars and to monitor the behavior and migration pattern of the retained roots after coronectomy. MATERIALS AND ...
Pijls Bart G - - 2012
In contrast to early migration, the long-term migration of hydroxyapatite- (HA-) coated tibial components in TKA has been scantily reported. This randomized controlled trial investigated the long-term migration measured by radiostereometric analysis (RSA) of HA-coated, uncoated, and cemented tibial components in TKA. 68 knees were randomized to HA-coated (n = ...
Cheon Young Koog - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Migration of biliary stents is a well-documented problem that can result in a variety of complications. The newly designed polyurethane (PU) stent, which is made of a soft and pliable material, may prevent distal and proximal stent migration. OBJECTIVE: To compare the migration rate of the PU stent with ...
Pemmaraju Naveen N Department of Leukemia, University of Texas, Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77230, - - 2012
Outcomes in chronic myeloid leukemia have improved with tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment. However, little is known about outcomes of chronic myeloid leukemia in adolescent and young adult patients. We reviewed all 468 chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated at our institution with tyrosine kinase inhibitors as initial therapy: imatinib (n=281), nilotinib ...
Jayakumar Sivasankar - - 2012
Proximal migration of the ureteric double J stent is a rare but known complication. We describe three cases where a minimally invasive technique for retrieval of displaced double J stents using Amplatz(™) goose-neck snare was successful. A retrospective review of patients with displaced double J stent was carried out, in ...
Tefferi Ayalew - - 2011
The initial encouraging activity of ruxolitinib in myelofibrosis appears to need some caveats when long-term efficacy is examined. The control of splenomegaly may not be durable, and the likelihood of leukemic progression or death is not dramatically lowered.
Morag Iris - - 2011
Partial exchange transfusion (PET) is traditionally suggested as treatment for neonates diagnosed with polycythemia. Nevertheless, justification of this treatment is controversial. We evaluated the risk for short-term complications associated with a restrictive treatment protocol for neonatal polycythemia. A retrospective cross-sectional analytical study was conducted. Three treatment groups were defined and ...
Kramer Andreas H - - 2011
The volume and clearance rate of blood in the basal cisterns and ventricles are important predictors of complications following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Thus, there is a strong rationale for interventions aimed at accelerating the clearance of blood. We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, references of review articles and ...
Håglin Lena - - 2011
Many studies have shown that individual lifestyle factors are associated with cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Observational studies of comprehensive programmes have reported risk reductions. The objectives were to assess the long-term all-cause mortality by diagnosis in patients referred to a lifestyle modification programme, aimed at combating coronary heart disease ...
Kwok Chun Shing - - 2011
Background: There has been recent concern regarding a possible adverse interaction between clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), coupled with uncertainty as to whether PPIs genuinely help in reducing gastrointestinal (GI) harm. Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of GI outcomes in patients taking clopidogrel, with and without concomitant PPI. Methods: ...
Elackattu Alphi - - 2010
To assess the efficacy of using a sterile sheath to prevent cross-contamination when using a fiberoptic nasopharnygolaryngoscope (FNPL) in an otolaryngology clinic. Prospective controlled trial. All FNPLs were disinfected according to applicable current guidelines recommended by the US Center for Disease Control. Swabs were taken from multiple sites on 100 ...
Qin Huanying - - 2011
Conflicting results have been reported on the effectiveness of the two-layer method (TLM) compared with the University of Wisconsin (UW) method for preserving pancreata. The objective of this study was to compile the evidence for or against any difference in human islet yield and viability between these two. PubMed (January ...
Colvin Hugh - - 2011
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether transthoracic esophagectomy (TTE) or transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) resection provides superior outcomes for patients with distal esophageal cancer. Two hundred and sixteen papers were found using the reported search, of which six ...
Massoud Fadi - - 2011
ABSTRACTBackground: Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) represent the mainstay of symptomatic treatment in Alzheimer's disease. Three medications belonging to this class are presently widely available. These agents differ in their individual mechanisms of action and pharmacokinetic properties. Switching ChEIs can be a reasonable option in cases of intolerance or lack of clinical ...
Hu Jia - - 2010
Palivizumab has proven efficacy for prophylaxis of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in infants with prematurity or congenital heart disease. Despite a paucity of data, palivizumab is sometimes used to prevent progression when high-risk patients present with upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) due to RSV, or as therapy when any patients ...
Beresford Shirley A A - - 2010
To evaluate long-term change in fruit and vegetable intake following a group randomized trial of worksites. Medium-sized blue-collar businesses in the Seattle metropolitan area were recruited. Intake was assessed using serial cross-sectional samples of current workforce at 3 time points. The multilevel 18-month intervention involved partnership with the companies. Long-term ...
Das Rajib - - 2011
The use of arterial closure devices (ACDs) in interventional radiology (IR) procedures has not yet been validated by large-scale randomised controlled trials or meta-analysis. Improved haemostasis and early mobilisation are publicised advantages; however, anecdotal evidence of haemorrhagic and ischaemic complications with ACDs is also apparent. Meta-analysis from interventional cardiology cannot ...
Trisolini Rocco - - 2011
Rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) of transbronchial needle aspirates has long been used during flexible bronchoscopy, but its usefulness in the diagnosis of hilar and mediastinal adenopathy is controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the extent to which ROSE can be valuable in patients undergoing transbronchial needle ...
Kostis William J - - 2010
Long-term follow-up of clinical trials of blood pressure-lowering medications has suggested a continuation of event reduction after study completion. We evaluated the persistence of mortality benefit of these agents after the end of clinical trials, when all of the patients were advised to take the same open-label therapy. We performed ...
Iorio Alfonso - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the risk of recurrence for symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) provoked by different transient risk factors. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Randomized Trials databases were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective cohort studies and randomized trials of patients with a first episode of symptomatic ...
Voth M - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of the number of readers on the statistical results in peripheral MRA. 40 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease were included as a sample dataset in this study, randomly separated into two matched groups with n = 20 patients (group 1--gadobutrol, group 2--gadoterate meglumine) who underwent ...
Marks William J WJ - - 2010
In an open-label phase 1 trial, gene delivery of the trophic factor neurturin via an adeno-associated type-2 vector (AAV2) was well tolerated and seemed to improve motor function in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of AAV2-neurturin in a double-blind, phase 2 randomised ...
Hankinson Todd - - 2011
Few studies are available that directly compare dural opening with and without additional intradural maneuvers. Therefore, the current review analyzed the available literature regarding this topic. An Ovid MEDLINE search was completed using each of the terms "Chiari malformation," "syringomyelia," "syrinx," "syringohydromyelia" in combination with "child" or "pediatric." Publications were ...
Valeyrie-Allanore L - - 2010
Background Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)are acute mucocutaneous reactions associated with poor prognosis. The treatment is mainly symptomatic, based on supportive care. Until now, several curative treatments have been proposed without evidence of effectiveness.Objectives To evaluate the effect of ciclosporin on SJS and TEN after a short ...
Mehin R - - 2010
A new generation of knee prostheses has been introduced with the intention of improving post-operative knee flexion. In order to evaluate whether this goal has been achieved we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic literature searches were conducted on MEDLINE and EMBASE from their inception to December 2007, and ...
Gyomber Dennis - - 2010
to compare the comprehension gained by standard consent (SC) vs a unique interactive multimedia presentation (IMP), for radical prostatectomy (RP), as informed consent for RP requires that the patient understands the procedure and potential complications. forty patients undergoing RP were prospectively randomized to SC or IMP, followed by a 26-question ...
Mathie Robert T - - 2010
The peer-review literature contains no controlled clinical research of homeopathy in cats and very little in dogs. To collect clinical outcomes data systematically from individualised homeopathic treatment of cats and dogs that would help to inform controlled research in feline and canine homeopathy. Twenty-one homeopathic veterinary surgeons recorded data systematically ...
Dagenais Simon - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) continues to be a very prevalent, disabling, and costly spinal disorder. Numerous interventions are routinely used for symptoms of acute LBP. One of the most common approaches is spinal manipulation therapy (SMT). To assess the current scientific literature related to SMT for acute LBP. Not applicable. ...
Shaik Noor Ahmad - - 2010
Micronuclei frequency is a sensitive biomarker used to evaluate the genotoxicity induced by xenobiotics. Pioglitazone and glimepiride were associated with genotoxicity in experimental studies conducted in rats. Considering the lack of published reports on genotoxicity in T2DM patients using pioglitazone and glimepiride drugs in combination, current study aimed to assess ...
Karkos Peter D - - 2011
Mitomycin C (MMC) is an antimitotic drug that may, when applied topically, prevent postoperative stenosis. Its use remains controversial. This review aims to provide otolaryngologists with an update of the evidence on the applications of this agent in the nose and sinuses. A systematic review was performed. Inclusion criteria were ...
Addiss David G - - 2011
In areas endemic for lymphatic filariasis, progression of lymphoedema is associated with recurrent bacterial acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (ADLA). The role of antibacterial soap in preventing ADLA is unknown. In a randomized double-blinded clinical trial in Leogane, Haiti, lymphoedema patients washed affected legs with antibacterial (n = 97) or plain soap (n ...
Bruckmüller Susanne - - 2010
In intergroup comparisons one group usually becomes the implicit norm that other groups are compared to. Three studies address the consequences that the direction of the comparison has for perceptions of the compared groups. For real groups (Experiment 1) and fictitious groups (Experiments 2 and 3) participants perceived a group ...
Maciel Natan Medeiros - - 2010
We investigated the phylogeny and biogeography of the Rhinella marina group, using molecular, morphological, and skin-secretion data, contributing to an understanding of Neotropical faunal diversification. The maximum-parsimony and Bayesian analyzes of the combined data recovered a monophyletic R. marina group. Molecular dating based on Bayesian inferences and fossil calibration placed ...
Ong Kim-Thanh - - 2010
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a rare severe disease that causes arterial dissections and ruptures that can lead to early death. No preventive treatment has yet been validated. Our aim was to assess the ability of celiprolol, a β(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist with a β(2)-adrenoceptor agonist action, to prevent arterial dissections and ruptures ...
Wu Shao-Xiong - - 2010
A multi-center prospective randomized trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Actovegin in the prevention and treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced acute oral mucositis. Between February 2006 and May 2007, 156 evaluable patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were randomized to Group 1 (n=53) for prevention, Group 2 (n=51) for treatment, ...
Kupratakul Jutamart - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although there are many benefits to breastfeeding, its prevalence and duration in many countries is still lower than the international recommendation for 6-month exclusive breastfeeding. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether a knowledge sharing practices with empowerment strategies (KSPES) program on antenatal education and postnatal ...
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