Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 928
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Gertler Ralf - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Whether reconstruction after total gastrectomy for gastric malignancies should be done with or without a pouch is a controversial issue in clinical research. There is still no consensus on the reconstruction technique of choice. The aim of this report was to assess the value of pouch formation as a ...
Robinson M - - 2009
PURPOSE: Cholinesterase inhibitors (CEIs) have been subsidised in Australia since February 2001 for cognitive decline associated with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease. The number of people with Alzheimer disease is expected to increase, with a continuing increase in the number of people receiving CEI's. Many anticholinergic drugs (ACDs) are also ...
Karageorgopoulos D E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of short-course antibiotic therapy for bacterial meningitis, by performing a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT). REVIEW METHODS: PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for RCT on patients of all ages with community-acquired acute bacterial meningitis that compared ...
Velayos Fernando S - - 2009
There is currently no standard of care for the management of postoperative Crohn's disease (CD), partly because data from definitive trials are lacking. Despite the absence of such data, many experts advocate the selective use of azathioprine (AZA) or 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) in the prevention of postoperative recurrence in patients with ...
Chen Xin-Zu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In recent decade, laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) has been introduced to treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC). Previous meta-analyses included the randomized controlled trial (RCT) apparently contaminated with advanced gastric cancer. Besides, more RCTs enrolling the predictive EGC are available. The present meta-analysis was aimed to compare LADG with ...
Morrison David A - - 2009
The Apicomplexa is the only large taxonomic group whose members are entirely parasitic and is, therefore, presumably of major interest to parasitologists. We might, for example, expect that we know a great deal about the biology of the group by now and that we have a clear phylogenetic framework within ...
Hensle T W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A systemic review of published literature on the use of bulking agents in the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in patients with duplex systems was performed in order to evaluate the diagnostic challenges; determine success rates, and compare with use in single systems; and evaluate safety, in particular of ...
Jüttler Eric - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Surgical management of space-occupying cerebellar infarction is still controversial. Data on long-term outcome are lacking. The objective of this study was (1) to evaluate outcome after at least 3 years poststroke in patients with space-occupying cerebellar infarction treated by ventriculostomy/extraventricular drainage (EVD) or suboccipital decompressive craniectomy (SDC), ...
Poldervaart Michelle T - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Lymphatic malformations (LM) are benign structural defects that can cause serious complications because of their size and location. Traditionally, surgical removal was the first treatment modality, but this could be associated with many complications and risks. Since Ogita introduced OK-432 (picibanil) in 1987 as a treatment method, this sclerosant ...
- - 2009
Each year, the apportionment ballot is used to determine how many representatives each division and state, provincial, and territorial association will have on the Council of Representatives. The system is described in Article V, Sections 6 and 7, of the American Psychological Association (APA) Bylaws. Briefly, all APA fellows, members, ...
Torabinejad Mahmoud - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of nonsurgical retreatment with those of endodontic surgery to determine which modality offers more favorable outcomes. METHODS: The study began with targeted electronic searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane databases, followed with exhaustive hand searching ...
Sajid Muhammad Shafique - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to systematically analyze the trials on the effectiveness of perioperative warming in surgical patients. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Clinical trials on perioperative warming were selected according to specific criteria and analyzed to generate summative data expressed as standardized ...
Solomon Richard J - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) to long-term adverse events (AEs) is controversial. Although an association with AEs has been previously reported, it is unclear whether CIN is causally related to these AEs. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We obtained long-term (> or =1 yr) follow-up on ...
Mayer Erik K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate compliance with Improving Outcomes Guidance (IOG) for radical pelvic surgery in England, and explore the pattern of service provision for radical cystectomy (RC) and radical prostatectomy (RP) before and after the introduction of IOG. METHODS: For the period 2000/01-2006/07, all admissions for RC and RP were extracted ...
Conn Joseph - - 2009
The first recommendations on "meaningful use" got mixed reviews. Some said the federal advisory panel heeded the advice of providers in phasing in the process of adopting IT, while others say the bar might have been set too high. Work group Co-chairman Paul Tang, left, says the group had to ...
Prasad N - - 2009
A prospective randomised controlled trial was performed to establish the effect of oral iron supplementation on haemoglobin level at 4 weeks post-operative in elderly patients with fractured neck of femur undergoing surgical treatment. We single blindly randomised 68 patients into two groups. Thirty-four patients in the treatment group were compared ...
Magen-Nativ Hila - - 2010
Incorporation of novel biological agents has become the cornerstone of treatment in multiple myeloma. For the last 4 years we have adopted the more intensified approach, previously published as total therapy 3 by the Arkansas group and used it with local modifications. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and ...
Aberegg Scott K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Physicians are slow to adopt novel therapies, and the reasons for this are poorly understood. The authors sought to determine if the size of the treatment effect of a novel therapy influences willingness to adopt it. METHODS: We developed 2 experimental vignette pairs describing a trial of a therapy ...
Huang Jian - - 2009
In multiple regression problems when covariates can be naturally grouped, it is important to carry out feature selection at the group and within-group individual-variable levels simultaneously. The existing methods, including the Lasso and group Lasso, are designed for either variable selection or group selection, but not for both. We propose ...
Cowley Michael J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the currently available antiplatelet therapies and emerging investigational drugs in the treatment of acutecoronary syndrome (ACS), and considerations for primary and secondary prevention in the long-term management of ACS patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Primary studies and reviews in the peer-reviewed, ...
Assar A N - - 2009
Chronic mesenteric ischemia is a rare disorder that has traditionally been treated with open surgical revascularization (OR). Endovascular revascularization (ER) has recently gained popularity as an alternative modality of treatment; however, OR is still predominantly used. This study aimed at comparing the outcomes of these two treatment modalities. The literature ...
Arduino Paolo G - - 2009
The aim of this retrospective hospital-based study was to review and evaluate the long-term outcome of patients with oral epithelial dysplasia (OED), with or without surgical intervention, to identify factors affecting clinical course and malignant evolution. Patients with a follow-up of at least 12 months were included. Data collected were ...
Albuquerque Cleide Maria Ribeiro de - - 2009
In this study, the events following application of the insecticide Demand 2.5 concentrated solution (CS) in the field, to control Tityus stigmurus, were investigated. Data on attitudes and practices relating to scorpionism were collected using a questionnaire. During the months of May to July 2005, 69 premises were monitored on ...
Pimentel-Nunes Pedro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neither the rate of endoscopic remission (ER) in Crohn's disease (CD) after therapy nor its role in patients' prognosis is well defined. AIM: To systematically review the current evidence on the proportion of ER of different therapies in patients with Crohn's disease and its relation with clinical outcomes. METHODS: ...
Smith P M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown etiology (MUE) remains unknown, despite the widespread use of a variety of immunosuppressive drugs. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To compare the efficacy of prednisolone combined with either vincristine and cyclophosphamide (COP group; n= 10) or with cytosine arabinoside (AraC group; n= 9). ANIMALS: Nineteen dogs ...
Squizzato A - - 2009
The published literature regarding the safety of outpatient treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) was systematically summarised. A literature search was performed using the PubMed and EMBASE databases. Studies in which patients had symptomatic PE and the antithrombotic treatment was administered completely at home or the patients were discharged early ...
Tzortzis Vassilios - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent ischemic priapism still remains a serious and difficult to treat complication of certain hematological disorders. Elucidation of the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms and application of new effective prophylactic treatments are needed. AIM: To present the efficacy of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5is) as a preventive measure against ischemic priapism ...
Sajid Ms - - 2009
ABSTRACT Objective: A re-meta-analysis of available data within the published literature comparing laparoscopic rectopexy (LR) with open repair (OR) Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed and the Cochrane databases from January 1990 to October 2008. We searched the following MESH terms: 'laparoscopy', 'prolapse' and 'rectal prolapse'. We used the ...
Smith J R - - 2009
AIMS: The association between neuropsychiatric events and antiviral treatments for influenza has been under scrutiny. In this study, the incidence of neuropsychiatric events in influenza patients dispensed oseltamivir or no antiviral was assessed using a large US medical claims database. METHODS: Propensity score balanced cohorts from a prior study of ...
Maestri Roberto - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess day-by-day variability of spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) measurements, providing implications for their reliability in clinical and research studies. METHODS: Forty-four healthy volunteers and 57 patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) underwent an 8 + 8 min (spontaneous + paced breathing) recording of ECG and noninvasive arterial pressure ...
Rahbari N N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Optimal fluid therapy for colorectal surgery remains uncertain. METHODS: A simple model was applied to define standard, restrictive and supplemental fluid administration. These definitions enabled pooling of data from different trials. Randomized controlled trials on fluid amount (standard versus restrictive or supplemental amount) and on guidance for fluid administration ...
Kiyak Emine Kara - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the effect of wool use in patients with fibromyalgia. BACKGROUND: Various studies concerning the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia using nonpharmacological methods have been carried out. There are, however, no reports on the use of wool clothing and bedding in treating these patients. DESIGN ...
Noiles Kristin - - 2009
The results of long-term studies on the efficacy and safety profiles of the biologics for patients with psoriasis are starting to appear in the literature. Not only are the results promising for the biologics as a whole, but the high number of patients remaining in these clinical trials after extended ...
Dyer John R G - - 2009
This paper reviews the literature on leadership in vertebrate groups, including recent work on human groups, before presenting the results of three new experiments looking at leadership and decision making in small and large human groups. In experiment 1, we find that both group size and the presence of uninformed ...
Wood M - - 2009
Patients with MPS II often present with limitations to functional mobility. With the advent of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), robust assessment tools are important to assess response to treatment. The aim of this study was to see if the GAITRite™ system (electronic pressure sensitive walkway) could identify any changes to ...
Sharma S K - - 2009
A village-scale trial was conducted on the efficacy of Olyset nets: a long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) factory treated with 2% wt:wt permethrin against malaria vectors Anopheles culicifacies Giles and Anopheles fluviatilis James, in Sundargarh District, Orissa, India. The study area comprised 22 villages that were randomized into three clusters and ...
Giordano Pasquale - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term results of stapled hemorrhoidopexy (SH) compared with conventional hemorrhoidectomy (CH) and to define the role of SH in the treatment of hemorrhoids. DATA SOURCES: Published randomized controlled trials of CH vs SH with a minimum clinical follow-up of 12 months were searched and selected in ...
Klein Guy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The incidence of spondylolysis is at least 6% by the end of childhood, and painful lesions are not infrequent. The most common treatments for spondylolysis are nonoperative in nature and include bracing, activity restriction, and therapeutic exercises. These treatments have been used either alone or in concert. The aim ...
Bosilkovski Mile - - 2009
The aim of the study was to determine the evolution and outcome of human brucellosis in an endemic region in relation to time interval. Retrospective analysis was employed to compare demographic, epidemiological, clinical, laboratory features and the outcome of patients with brucellosis, treated at University Department of Infectious Diseases in ...
Lagarde Emmanuel E INSERM U687, IFR69, Villejuif, France. - - 2009
The Tara KLamp (TK) device has been claimed to enable circumcisions to be performed safely and easily in medical and non-medical environments. Published evaluation studies have been conducted among young children only. Following a randomised controlled trial (RCT) on 3 274 participants on the impact of male circumcision on HIV ...
Sato, Tadashi
Early Tithonian (Late Jurassic) ammonite Parapallasiceras cf. pseudocontiguum (Donze and Enay) was discovered in situ from the Kamihambara Formation of the Itoshiro Subgroup (Tetori Group) distributed in the Hida Belt, in Fukui Prefecture, northern Central Japan. It is a Perisphinctid characterized by polygyrate ribbing and can be compared to the ...
Liu Chun-Jen - - 2009
Hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after curative treatment adversely influences clinical outcome. It is important to explore adjuvant therapies. This phase II/stage 1 multi-center, randomized trial investigated the safety, optimal dosage and preliminary efficacy of PI-88, a novel heparanase inhibitor, in the setting of post-operative recurrence of HCC according to a Simon's ...
- - 2009
1) Anthracycline extravasation can provoke extensive tissue necrosis, sometimes with serious consequences. Topical dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is the main antidote known to prevent this necrosis. It is used off-licence in France, based on the results of non-comparative trials. Among nearly 150 patients treated with dimethylsulfoxide, only one required surgery and about ...
Noble Emma J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An important cause of delayed recovery from intestinal surgery is postoperative ileus. Gum chewing is a form of sham feeding, which could encourage gastrointestinal motility through cephalic-vagal stimulation. METHODS: We sought to identify all randomized controlled trials comparing gum chewing with standard care after elective intestinal surgery. We searched ...
Cao Yunfei - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We performed a meta-analysis to compare the clinical and endoscopic recurrence of medical treatment and placebo treatment for preventing postoperative recurrence in Crohn's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Trials were located through Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid, Sciencedirect, and Ingenta electronic databases. From 124 articles ...
Dellon Evan S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Insufflation of the lumen is required for visualization during GI endoscopy. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) has been proposed as an alternative to room air for insufflation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) insufflation for endoscopy. DESIGN: Systematic review that focuses on evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCT). ...
Abellan Juan F - - 2009
Introduction. The aim of this study is to compare outcomes in three groups of STS patients treated in our specialist centre: patients referred immediately after an inadequate initial treatment, patients referred after a local recurrence, and patients referred directly, prior to any treatment. Patients and methods. We reviewed all our ...
van der Zant F M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systemic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of radiosynoviorthesis (RSO). METHODS: A search of medical databases was conducted. Criteria for inclusion: articles in English, minimum follow-up of 6 months, specification of joint disease, reported outcome of at least 5 RSOs. The studies were scored for quality ...
Girardin Céline M - - 2009
AIMS: We compared the phenotype of adolescents with Klinefelter syndrome diagnosed by amniocentesis or postnatally to the general population with a view to evidence-based genetic counselling. METHODS: The charts of 28 patients seen between ages 12 and 18 years were reviewed. Physical and neurodevelopmental data were compared between patients diagnosed ...
Barakzai S Z - - 2009
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Previously, objective comparisons of surgical procedures to relieve dorsal displacement of the soft palate (DDSP) have been limited by the presumptive basis of the diagnostic measures applied. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the efficacy of thermal cautery surgery to conservatively treated controls in racehorses definitively diagnosed ...
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