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Mizuno Naoko - - 2012
Scapular notching is a common worrying finding after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Eccentric glenospheres have recently been developed in an attempt to prevent notching. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of RSA with an eccentric glenosphere and compare the incidence and the ...
Shahi S - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to electrochemically evaluate corrosion resistance of RaCe and Mtwo files after repeated sterilization and preparation procedures. A total of 450 rotary files were used. In the working groups, 72 files from each file type were distributed into 4 groups. RaCe and Mtwo files ...
Fan Chao - - 2012
The traditional hand-sewn Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy is technically complicated, and the incidence of postoperative complications has remained high. A set of novel magnetic compressive anastomats was introduced to facilitate choledochojejunostomy and improve the prognosis of patients. After ligating the common bile duct for 7 days, 16 dogs were randomly divided into ...
Heydari G - - 2012
Smoking cessation programmes were first introduced in Iran in 1997. To date a number of types of nicotine replacement therapy have been prescribed. To evaluate the effectiveness of varenicline for tobacco cessation. This was a randomised parallel clinical study conducted in 2010. Participants were smokers willing to quit who were ...
- - 2012
The ISFA wishes to acknowledge the following 2012 Corporate Sponsors.
Platow Michael J - - 2012
Abstract  In both a laboratory experiment (in Australia) using university as the basis of group membership, and a scenario experiment (in India) using religion as the basis of group membership, we observe more favourable respect and fairness ratings in response to an in-group authority than an out-group authority who administers ...
Nishiyama T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The anesthetic conserving device (AnaConDa) is a disposable vaporizer that can save consumption of inhalational anesthetic used in low sevoflurane concentration. This study was performed to investigate whether AnaConDa when used at high sevoflurane concentration (1.5% to 2.0%) could save sevoflurane consumption and fasten emergence from anesthesia without any ...
Tay Yong-Kwang - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The pulsed dye laser (PDL) using varying fluences and pulse durations have been used to treat hemangiomas. This study aims to examine the efficacy and safety of the 595-nm PDL for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas using short (1.5-3 milliseconds) versus long (10 milliseconds) pulse durations and high fluences. ...
Bolla Eugenio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare bond failure and breakage rates of two types of bonded lingual orthodontic retainers (GFR and .0175" multistranded stainless steel wire [MST]) after a 6-year retention period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five young adults were randomly divided into two groups: 40 subjects received ...
Chen Yan - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the voiding pattern in < 4 week old newborns by 12h daytime observation periods. Methods:  Twenty-one healthy 1-28 d old newborns were included (10 full-term, 11 pre-term). The 12h free voiding parameters, including voiding frequency (VF), voiding volume (VV), post-voiding residual volumes (PRV) and status at voiding ...
Schiller Katherine R - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Relatively few studies have investigated pharmacological or behavioral treatment of smokeless tobacco (ST) users who do not have immediate quit plans. In this study, we compared a reduction treatment approach with an immediate cessation approach in a population of ST users who reported no immediate plans to quit. METHODS: ...
Mason W A - - 2012
An outbreak of severe lameness was reported on a 780-cow spring-calving dairy herd in the Manawatu region within 1-3 weeks of calving, which affected over 90% of a group of 150 dairy heifers. Approximately 3 weeks before the planned start of calving heifers had been fed maize and grass silage ...
Pinar Erdem Arzu - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate and to compare the effect of two fluoride varnishes and one fluoride/chlorhexidine varnish on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus biofilm formation, in vitro. Standard acrylic discs were prepared and divided into groups based on the varnish applied to the disc surface: Fluor ...
Tsai Chung-Huang - - 2012
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) is a common tropical vegetable that has been used in traditional or folk medicine to treat diabetes. Wild bitter gourd (WBG) ameliorated metabolic syndrome (MetS) in animal models. We aimed to preliminarily evaluate the effect of WBG supplementation on MetS in Taiwanese adults. A preliminary ...
Yoon Jun Rho - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Thiopental is used to suppress cerebral metabolism during temporary clip ligation of the cerebral arteries. Electroencephalogram (EEG) can measure intraoperative burst suppression as evidence of cerebral metabolic suppression, but EEG is not always available during clip ligation. This study was conducted to compare the effect of propofol-based total intravenous ...
Crofoot Margaret Chatham - - 2012
In many social animals, group-mates cooperate to defend their range against intrusion by neighboring groups. Because group size tends to be highly variable, such conflicts are often asymmetric. Although numerical superiority is assumed to provide a competitive advantage, small groups can generally defend their ranges, even when greatly outnumbered. The ...
Hemmerling Thomas M - - 2011
Our goal in this study was to develop a robotic intubation system and to conduct a feasibility pilot study on the use of a robotic intubation system for endotracheal intubations. The Kepler Intubation System was developed, consisting of a remote control center (joystick and intubation cockpit) linked to a standard ...
Lou Edmond - - 2011
Many of the aches and pains of adults are the result of the long-term effects of bad posture or body misalignment. Postural kyphosis in adolescence, which is an excessive rounding of the upper spine, may be one of the effects of poor standing and sitting habits. A smart garment, consisting ...
Burke J M - - 2011
Alternatives to chemical dewormers are needed to counter anthelmintic resistance and improve worm control in organic management systems. The objective was to examine the effectiveness of grazing sericea lespedeza (SL) compared with grass pastures for control of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in lambs. In Experiment 1, Katahdin lambs grazed bermudagrass (BG; ...
Aydogdu Ozgu - - 2011
PURPOSE: Near infrared spectroscopy measures tissue oxygenation even when there is complete cessation of blood flow. We evaluated near infrared spectroscopy to diagnose testicular torsion and blindly compared its accuracy with that of Doppler ultrasound. We also compared it by immunohistochemical evaluation of hypoxia and cell viability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Hendlin Kari - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: To evaluate forces exerted on a stone with different ureteroscopic irrigation systems. Methods: A 3 mm steel simulated stone was welded to a 3F stone basket and inserted into the working channel of a 4.5F Wolf semirigid ureteroscope. The basket shaft was attached to a 50 g load cell. The ...
Valsky Dan V - - 2011
Objective: To compare the outcomes of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) cases treated with fetoscopic laser coagulation of vascular anastomoses before 25 + 6 weeks of gestation and between 26 and 28 weeks of gestation. Material and Methods: 28 consecutive cases of TTTS at Quintero stages II-IV treated with laser therapy ...
Stalberg Katharina - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Second-trimester anhydramnios is incompatible with survival unless amniotic fluid volume is restored. We describe the long-term outcome of a child with documented anhydramnios at 17 weeks. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old gravida II had anhydramnios at 17 weeks. At 19 weeks, the bladder measured 12 cm, and karyotype was XY. At ...
Fik Christoph P - - 2011
Polyoxazolines with a biocidal quarternary ammonium end-group are potent biocides. Interestingly, the antimicrobial activity of the whole macromolecule is controlled by the nature of the group at the distal end. These non-reactive groups are usually introduced via the initiator. Here, we present a study with a series of polymethyloxazolines with ...
Dantas Antônio Flávio M - - 2011
To determine the teratogenic effect of Mimosa tenuiflora, the green fresh plant was administered ad libitum to 12 goats (Group 1) from day 1 to day 30 of gestation. Upon ultrasonographic examination, on day 30, not one of these goats was pregnant, demonstrating that M. tenuiflora causes embryonic death. Six goats (Group 2) ingested M. ...
Tabri Nassim - - 2011
In this extension of the social identity model of collective action (SIMCA; Van Zomeren, Postmes, & Spears, 2008), group expectancies are an intervening construct for the impact of group identification, perceived group inefficacy, and perceived group injustice on normative collective action. In addition to the SIMCA path from greater group ...
- - 2011
The ISFA wishes to acknowledge the following 2011 Corporate Sponsors.
Gomez-Lara Josep - - 2011
This study sought to compare the neointimal response of metallic everolimus drug-eluting stents (DES) and polymeric everolimus bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) by optical coherence tomography at 1 year. DES decrease the risk of restenosis by reducing the neointimal response. However, DES may impair strut coverage, and this has been associated ...
Joseph Anne M - - 2011
Tobacco dependence disorder is a chronic relapsing condition, yet treatment is delivered in discrete episodes of care that yield disappointing long-term quit rates. We conducted a randomized controlled trial from June 1, 2004, through May 31, 2009, to compare telephone-based chronic disease management (1 year; longitudinal care [LC]) with evidence-based ...
Varcoe R L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to create an ovine arteriovenous fistula (AVF) model which would closely replicate a human forearm fistula and use this to quantify the degree of intimal hyperplasia in those created with the U-Clip compared to a conventional sutured anastomosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty AVFs ...
Bono Roberto - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the concentration of formaldehyde in air and the alkylation of hemoglobin to form a terminal N-methylenvaline residue in three occupationally exposed groups: a) technicians of pathology wards, b) workers of the plastic laminates industry, and c) a control group. ...
Córdova Henry - - 2011
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the restoration of gastrointestinal motility after NOTES using capsule endoscopy (CE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty adult Yorkshire pigs were randomly assigned to four groups: transgastric NOTES (gNOTES), transrectal NOTES (rNOTES), transvaginal NOTES (vNOTES), and laparoscopy (LAP). At the end of a ...
Shen Shu-Zhong - - 2011
The end-Permian mass extinction was the most severe biodiversity crisis in earth history. To better constrain the timing, and ultimately the causes of this event, we collected a suite of geochronologic, isotopic, and biostratigraphic data on several well-preserved sedimentary sections in South China. High-precision U-Pb dating reveals that the extinction ...
Trierweiler Jaqueline - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical allodynia in animals after immobilization and chiropractic manipulation using the Activator instrument (Activator Methods International, Phoenix, Ariz) through the Von Frey test in an animal model that had its hind limb immobilized as a form to induce mechanical allodynia. Eighteen ...
Cingi Cemal - - 2011
Rhinosinusitis is a common disorder and its treatment includes a variety of topical and systemic drugs. This study was designed to determine the histopathological effect of thymoquinone on experimentally induced rhinosinusitis in rats. Sixty rats were randomly allocated into 3 test and 2 control groups, each of which consisted of ...
Ali Mahmood - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ocular digital massage (ODM) in the management of underfiltering blebs after trabeculectomy. Study Design: Quasi experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Glaucoma Clinic of Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, from January 2007 to November 2008. Methodology: ODM was performed 3-4 times ...
Montoya R Matthew - - 2011
Two studies explored the influence of group identification and the functional relations between groups on outgroup liking. In a laboratory study, Study 1 (N = 112) found that outgroup liking was highest when group identification was high and relations between groups were cooperative, but outgroup liking was lowest when group ...
Nigro Carlos E N - - 2011
Acoustic rhinometry is more accurate in the anterior portion of the nasal cavities, from the nostril to the nasal valve (NV), the most important site of nasal obstruction. Literature presents different opinions regarding the anatomical correlation of the two notches at the beginning of the rhinogram curve in normal adult ...
Michels R - - 2011
This study compared the efficacy of metoprolol and nebivolol in reducing the frequency of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). ISR results from excessive neointimal proliferation. Nebivolol inhibits proliferation of human coronary endothelial and smooth muscle cells in vitro. Its efficacy has not been studied in clinical ...
Balasubramanian Karthik - - 2011
Aim:  To compare the incidence of hyponatremia in full-term neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia, receiving intravenous fluid supplementation with 0.2% saline in 5% dextrose versus 0.9% saline in 5% dextrose, to prevent blood exchange transfusion. Methods:  In this double blind randomized controlled trial, full-term appropriate for gestational age newborns (≥37 weeks) ...
Mathews Mary S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the remineralisation of eroded enamel by NaF rinses in an intra-oral model. METHODS: Serving as their own control, subjects (N=80) participated in a randomised, four-leg (20 subjects/leg), 28-day, parallel design study. In each leg, each participant wore a customised orthodontic ...
Seo Shogo - - 2011
AIM: To determine if follow-up by consultant pediatric surgeons (CPS) affects morbidity due to incarceration (INC) in children with indirect inguinal hernia (IH). METHODS: We educate parents so they can identify possible INC and advise them to attend our emergency department anytime for immediate review by on-call CPS. RESULTS: We ...
Elsedeek Mervat S E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a copper-containing intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) and the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (IUS) on puerperal and menstrual bleeding when fitted intraoperatively during scheduled elective cesarean. METHODS: Participants were allocated to 3 groups: cesarean with no device inserted; IUCD inserted during cesarean; and IUS inserted during ...
Nasr Ayman O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The contribution of gastric acid to the toxicity of alkaline duodenal refluxate on the esophageal mucosa is unclear. This study compared the effect of duodenal refluxate when acid was present, decreased by proton pump inhibitors (PPI), or absent. METHODS: We randomized 136 Sprague-Dawley rats into 4 groups: group 1 ...
Gözen Ali Serdar - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: The objective of this randomized in-vitro study was to compare the suturation time, integrity, and quality of the bladder closure in fresh cadaver pig bladders performed with barbed polyglyconate sutures vs polyglactin 910 sutures in running and interrupted fashion. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight pig bladders, each weighing from ...
Basso Michael F M - - 2011
Gerodontology 2011; 00; doi:10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00567.x Evaluation of the occlusion vertical dimension of complete dentures after microwave disinfection Objectives:  An increase in occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) after microwave disinfection may result in the need for adjustments in the complete dentures. This in vitro study evaluated the increase in OVD of maxillary complete ...
Ebert Ellen S - - 2011
A one-year angler intercept survey was conducted on Choccolocco Creek, a rural, limited access tributary to the Coosa River in northeastern Alabama. The purpose of the survey was to collect data and information about the behaviors and fish consumption habits of the recreational anglers who fish there. Nine survey locations ...
Richter Randy R - - 2011
BackgroundEvidence-based practice (EBP) is an important paradigm in health care. Physical therapists report lack of knowledge and time constraints as barriers to EBP.ObjectiveThe purpose of this technical report is to illustrate how Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), a controlled vocabulary thesaurus of indexing terms, is used to efficiently search MEDLINE, the ...
Bonner Bryan L - - 2011
Group success is dependent on both the knowledge of group members and the extent to which the group can access this knowledge. This research focuses on promoting effective knowledge transfer in group members by facilitating their use of extant knowledge when solving novel problems and examines how this affects subsequent ...
Buccicardi Duccio - - 2011
The aim of our prospective study was to compare patient tolerance of laxative free fecal tagging regimen (LFT) versus traditional cathartic cleansing (TC). 264 patients, at average risk for development of colorectal cancer (105 men and 159 women; mean age 62 years ± 5 SD), underwent 32 rows CT colonography. Patients were ...
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