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Schnabel William W a University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center , Fairbanks , Alaska , - - 2015
Woody vegetation cultivated for moisture management on evapotranspiration (ET) landfill covers could potentially serve a secondary function as a biomass crop. However, research is required to evaluate the extent to which trees could be harvested from ET covers without significantly impacting their moisture management function. This study investigated the drainage ...
Felipe-Marquez Gema G Department of Optics II (Optometry & Vision) Faculty of Optics & Optometry, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
To evaluate short-term (3 months) and long-term (3 years) accommodative changes produced by overnight orthokeratology (OK). A prospective, longitudinal study on young adult subjects with low to moderate myopia was carried out. A total of 93 patients took part in the study. Out of these, 72 were enrolled into the short-term follow-up: ...
Bach John R JR Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, University Hospital, Newark, New Jersey; - - 2014
Subjects who do not pass ventilator weaning parameters but whose ambient air oxyhemoglobin saturation can be normalized by mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MIE) can be extubated to continuous noninvasive ventilatory support (CNVS) with MIE used to maintain extubation. Our aim was to study MIE-associated changes in breathing tolerance, pulse oximetry, and vital ...
Upadhyay A A Department of Paediatrics, LLRM Medical College, Meerut, - - 2014
Objective:To determine the efficacy of heparinized saline administered as intermittent flush on functional duration of the peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) in neonates.Study Design:Randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled trial. Setting: Neonatal intensive care unit of a teaching hospital. Participants: Term and preterm neonates born at >32 weeks of gestation who required PIVC ...
Pride Kerry R KR Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA; Wyoming Department of Health, 6101 Yellowstone Road, Suite 510, Cheyenne, WY 82002, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Short-term exposure to ground-level ozone has been linked to adverse respiratory and other health effects; previous studies typically have focused on summer ground-level ozone in urban areas. During 2008-2011, Sublette County, Wyoming (population: ~10,000 persons), experienced periods of elevated ground-level ozone concentrations during the winter. This study sought to evaluate ...
Ward John J Associate Professor/Research Fellow, Department of Physiology and Chemistry, Texas Chiropractic College, Pasadena, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine if elastic therapeutic tape placed on anterior lower limbs would affect stride and step length in fatigued runners' gait. Forty-two healthy participants were equally divided into a kinesiology tape group (Rocktape) and a no-tape control group. Participants in both groups underwent a ...
Sharma Deepak Kumar DK Department of Neonatology, Fernandez hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To study the effect of chlorhexidine application on umbilical cord and evaluate its impact on duration of NICU stay and antibiotic exposure days. Method : We enrolled 140 newborns in our study ( 70 in intervention group, 70 in control group) and there data were collected. Newborns in ...
Card C C Western College of Veterinary Medicine, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
Synchronization of oestrus in mares remains a challenge to practitioners using Assisted Reproductive Technologies. The research objective was to compare adverse reactions and reproductive parameters in mares treated with different sources of progestins for oestrus synchronization. Mixed breeds of mares with a mean age of 3 years (range 2-20) were ...
Narita Yusaku - - 2014
Acrylamide (AA) is classified as a Group 2A carcinogen according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Although coffee contains a small amount of AA, it is a popular beverage worldwide. Approximately 10 billion canned coffees are consumed each year in Japan. In this study, we investigated how to ...
Torniainen Minna M Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, - - 2014
It is generally believed that long-term use of antipsychotics increases mortality and, especially, the risk of cardiovascular death. However, there are no solid data to substantiate this view. We identified all individuals in Sweden with schizophrenia diagnoses before year 2006 (N = 21 492), aged 17-65 years, and persons with ...
Burns Emily K EK Mercy Family Medicine, Mercy Regional Medical Center, Centura Health, Durango, Colorado, - - 2014
Most telephone quitlines provide free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). An 8-week course is recommended, but few users complete it. Information is needed to help quitlines distribute NRT cost-effectively. Randomised two-group trial. Colorado QuitLine callers who smoked 16-20 cigarettes per day at enrolment and who were eligible for and agreed to ...
Yuan Cheng-Song - - 2014
BackgroundThere are many existing operative approaches for subtalar fusion; however, no optional strategy of operative approach has been developed yet. This study aimed to analyze the differential clinical efficacy of subtalar fusion with three operative approaches.MethodsThe clinical data of 102 patients from April 2008 to April 2012 were analyzed prospectively. ...
Küçükaslan I I İbrahim Küçükaslan, Dicle University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 21280 Kampus/Diyarbakir, Turkey, Email: - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the endometrium by using echotexture parameters during and after treatment of endometritis with intrauterine administration of an intrauterine antiseptic solution (Lotagen®, 3% metacresolsulphonic acid and formaldehyde) in cows which became pregnant after treatment. Material and methods: According to the ...
Chen Hsing-Yu HY Division of Chinese Internal Medicine, Center for Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis is a prevalent dermatologic disease in children. Corticosteroid is an important treatment but side effects caused by long-term and excessive use heavily concern patients. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is potentially an alternative treatment and might cause less adverse effects. This nationwide retrospective cohort study aimed to examine the ...
Steinberg Christian C Institut universitaire de cardiologie et pneumologie de Québec (IUCPQ), Division of electrophysiology, 2725, chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec, QC, G1V 4G5, Canada, - - 2014
Riata(TM) defibrillation leads are susceptible to conductor externalization. The point prevalence of insulation defect in Riata(TM) leads is up to 33 %, but prospective data concerning incidence of new lead abnormalities are lacking. The purpose of our study was to determine the annual incidence of new conductor externalizations and electrical lead ...
Maciel WillianGiquelin W CPPAR, Animal Health Research Center, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, UNESP, Via de acesso prof. Paulo Donatto Castellani, s/n CEP:14884-900, Jaboticabal, São Paulo, - - 2014
Effects of Haematobia irritans infestation on weight gain of 18 to 20 months old non-castrated Nelore calves, were investigated, under field conditions, using different antiparasitic treatments. Sixty animals were divided in three groups, with 20 bovines each: T01 (untreated control); T02 (treated with Cypermethrin 15g+Chlorpyriphos 25g+Citronellal 1g, as a whole ...
Rohde Cláudia C Centro Acadêmico de Vitória, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Humana e Meio Ambiente, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Vitória de Santo Antão, PE, - - 2014
Brazil has a high diversity of flies of the genus Drosophila, and part of this richness is represented by the cardini group. We analyzed the fluctuations in the richness and abundance of this group, in environments that had never previously been studied in the northeastern region of Brazil. Among the ...
Donnelly Alison A Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA, - - 2014
Effective ecosystem functioning relies on successful species interaction. However, this delicate balance may be disrupted if species do not respond to environmental change at a similar rate. Here we examine trends in the timing of spring phenophases of groups of species occupying three trophic levels as a potential indicator of ...
Bianco Assunta A Institute of Neurology, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2014
Background: To evaluate efficacy and safety of fingolimod for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, particularly in patients previously exposed to natalizumab. Method: Prospective observational single-centre second-line cohort study. Results: Among 71 patients treated with fingolimod 0.5 mg/day for a mean duration of 21.75 ± 12.60 months, the annualized relapse rate was 0.66 ...
Wilhelm Susan L SL University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Nursing-West Nebraska Division , Scottsbluff, Nebraska , - - 2014
Although most Hispanic/Latino-American mothers initiate breastfeeding, duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding remain low. We explored whether a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention could help rural Mexican-American mothers continue breastfeeding. We used a two-group (MI intervention n = 26, attention control [AC] n = 27) repeated measures experimental design. Assessments and interventions occurred at 3 days, ...
Pérez-Marín Carlos Carmelo CC University of Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery Ctra Madrid-Cádiz km 396 14071 Córdoba - - 2014
This trial evaluated the reproductive performance in an early routine oestrus induction programme using two different PGF2α preparations in dairy cattle. D-cloprostenol sodium (n = 192; Group A) or dinoprost (n = 187; Group B) was administered between days 35 and 42 post partum. Also, a group of non-treated cows ...
Dexue Liu L Department of endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Hen Nan Province, China / Department of endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Nanyang Medical College, Hen Nan Province, - - 2014
To explore the reasonable treatment scheme of salmon calciteonin in the treatment of elderly women with type 2 diabetes complicated with osteoporosis, patients were randomly divided into Group A, B and C, and they were given the salmon calcitonin every time 50 IU, subcutaneous injection. The Group A were 1 ...
Sahu Sk S a Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences , Massey University . Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North , New - - 2014
Abstract AIM: To evaluate the conception rate to fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI) of two oestrus synchronisation programmes in dairy heifers on eight farms over 2 years. The study was conducted in 2008 and 2010 on eight farms near Palmerston North, New Zealand. Nulliparous Friesian and Friesian x Jersey heifers ...
Thyagarajan Balamurugan B Neonatal Unit, Princess Anne Hospital, Coxford Road, Southampton, United - - 2014
The safety and efficacy of enteral feeding during hypothermia treatment following hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy has not been studied before, resulting in variations in practice. Our study compared the benefits and safety of both early minimal and delayed enteral feeding during hypothermia treatment. Our retrospective cohort study,from January 2009 to December ...
Kehl S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of inducing labour using a double-balloon catheter and oral misoprostol sequentially, in comparison with oral misoprostol alone. A multicentre randomised controlled trial. Five hospitals in Germany. A total of 326 pregnant women with an unfavourable cervix undergoing labour induction at term. Women were randomly assigned according ...
Abdelrahman Wael W BIOMIN Holding GmbH, Herzogenburg, Austria 3130 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt - - 2014
The annual financial loss to the poultry industry as a result of coccidiosis has been estimated at about US $3 billion. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of probiotics and salinomycin as feed additives on performance and coccidiosis control in male broilers raised to ...
Shirima Candida P CP Division of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom; Department of Food Science and Technology, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro; and Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority (TFDA), Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Aflatoxin and fumonisin are toxic food contaminants. Knowledge about effects of their exposure and co-exposure on child growth is inadequate. To investigate the association between child growth and aflatoxin and fumonisin exposure in Tanzania. A total of 166 children were recruited at 6 to 14 months of age and studied ...
Goertz Ole O Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, Burn Center, BG-University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Extracorporeal shock wave application (ESWA) has the potential to qualify as an adjuvant therapy option for soft tissue disorders such as chronic wounds. As of today, little is known about its exact mechanism of action. For a better understanding of the pathophysiology, we investigated the effect of ESWA on microcirculation ...
Leoci Raffaella R Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), Section of Veterinary Clinic and Animal Production, University of Bari Aldo Moro, SP per Casamassima km 3, Valenzano, 70010, BA, Italy. - - 2014
Canine overpopulation is a global issue with serious health and welfare implications. Nonsurgical methods of sterilization could yield positive impacts on this problem, but no long-term data on such methods are available. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the effects of intratesticular injections of calcium chloride dihydrate ...
Gruber D D University Clinic, General Hospital Vienna, Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine, Vienna, - - 2014
To investigate the bleeding pattern and cycle control parameters of a contraceptive patch containing 0.55mg ethinyl estradiol (EE) and 2.1mg gestodene (GSD) compared with a patch containing 0.6mg EE and 6mg norelgestromin (NGMN). In this phase III, open-label, randomized, parallel-group trial, healthy women aged 18-35 years (smokers aged 18-30 years) ...
Shiban Youssef Y University of Regensburg, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Universitätsstraße 31, 93053 Regensburg, - - 2014
The current study is the first to examine whether reactivation of fear memory prior to exposure therapy reduces relapse in a randomized clinical sample. In a standardized treatment protocol combining virtual reality and in-vivo exposure, patients underwent a fear reactivation procedure using a virtual spider 10 min prior to a virtual ...
Wang Shengjie S Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang, 050051, Hebei, China, - - 2014
This animal study aimed to investigate whether early reduction in patellar subluxation could minimize femoral trochlear dysplasia in growing rabbits. Sixty rabbits were divided into four groups (N = 30 knees/group). The control group underwent no surgical procedures. The rabbits in the three experimental groups underwent surgical patellar subluxation. Those in the ...
Jeon Joonpyo J Department of Anesthesiology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Two types of material are used to manufacture double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLTs): Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and silicon. PVC DLTs (Broncho-Cath) and silicon DLTs (Silbroncho) not only differ in material, but also subtly differ in structure. The goal of this study was to determine whether the incidences of postoperative sore throat and ...
Coenen Pieter P Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Physical exposures (eg, lifting or bending) are believed to be risk factors for low-back pain (LBP), but the literature is inconsistent. Exposure and LBP prevalence differ considerably between occupations, and exposure-outcome associations could be severely modified by the presence of particular occupational groups. We aimed to investigate the influence of ...
Liu Di D Department of Urology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study is to investigate urodynamic characteristics of rats with detrusor instability (DI) induced by different causes. Forty-eight adult female Sprague-Dawly rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: cyclophosphamide group, bladder outlet obstruction group, lipopolysaccharide group and control group. The BL-410 model bio-function experimental system was ...
Bostanci Seher S *Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey; †Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Prof. Dr. Celal Ertug Etimesgut State Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Chemical matricectomy with sodium hydroxide is a method being used successfully in the treatment of ingrown toenail. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate long-term recurrence rates after chemical matricectomy using sodium hydroxide application of different durations. Two hundred two patients with ingrown nail edges were treated with either ...
Numanoğlu Kemal Varim KV Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bülent Ecevit University, Kozlu, Zonguldak 67600, - - 2014
Current treatment strategies against the development of corrosive esophageal strictures remain unsatisfactory. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of keratinocyte growth factor, in the form of palifermin, for the prevention of stricture development following esophageal caustic injuries in a rat model. A total of ...
Wang Ying Y Associate Professor at the Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
Post-disaster recovery is a constantly changing and developing process. The authors conducted three real-name follow-up surveys at 1, 12 and 18 months after the Yao'an earthquake, which had a surface wave magnitude of 6.0. They also calculated recovery ratios at different times and drew post-earthquake domestic life recovery curves. Based ...
Crane Andrea K AK From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel - - 2014
The primary objective of this study was to compare the short-term rate of mesh exposure after a robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSCP) compared with those after RSCP with a concomitant hysterectomy. Secondary objectives included a comparison of mesh exposure from total hysterectomies (TH) versus supracervical hysterectomies (SCH) and determination of risk factors ...
Sándor Gábor L - - 2014
To evaluate and compare the mechanical properties of anterior capsule openings performed with the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) technique and femtosecond laser capsulotomy (FLC) in ex vivo porcine lens capsule specimens. Fresh porcine eyes were included in the study (CCC group, n = 50; FLC group, n = 30). The ...
Barrio Pablo - - 2014
Our main objective was to test the feasibility of adding motivational interviewing to the usual smoking cessation treatment for patients with psychiatric disorders attending a day hospital. A total of 44 patients participated in the study: a comparison group of 25 patients, all of whom received the usual smoking cessation ...
Kumar Nishant N Department of Anaesthesia, Pain and Critical Care, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, - - 2014
To ascertain the awareness regarding global warming and the anesthesia practices contributing to it in the city of Delhi. A questionnaire was circulated amongst the qualified anesthesiologists (consultants and senior residents) in the city of Delhi. The initial contact was made through e-mail and the questionnaire was required to be ...
Pibarot Philippe P Québec Heart and Lung Institute/Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Laval University, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the incidence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and its impact on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The objectives of this study were: 1) to compare the incidence of PPM in the TAVR and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) randomized control trial (RCT) arms of the ...
Jia Qilei Q People's Hospital of Qingbaijiang District, Urology, Chengdu, Sichuan, China ; - - 2014
Objective To explore the role of a new urethral sheath in transurethral lithotripsy for the bladder calculi. Methods The 120 cases with BS models were divided into three groups.One stone was placed in the bladder for each case. A total of 40 cases were included in each group. Then, the ...
Chaffin Brian C BC College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, 104 CEOAS Administration Building, Corvallis, OR, 97331-5503, USA, - - 2014
Collaborative watershed group experiences reveal commonalities in their approaches to facilitate decentralized and inclusive watershed planning and management in the United States, and increasingly around the world. Although watershed groups are widely recognized in the United States for positive accomplishments across local, state, and regional scales, the role of government ...
Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad H MH Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Long-term consequences and the activities of daily living of bilateral lower limb amputation are not well documented. The aims of our study were to identify the long-term effects of bilateral lower extremity amputations on daily activities and understand how these amputees cope with their mobility assistive devices. Cross-sectional study. A ...
Munteanu Shannon E SE Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Podiatry, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Lower Extremity & Gait Studies Program, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of customised foot orthoses in chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. This was a participant-blinded, parallel-group randomised controlled trial at a single centre (La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia). One hundred and forty participants aged 18-55 years with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy were randomised to receive eccentric calf muscle exercises with ...
Kaynar A A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on rat muscles during tibial distraction osteogenesis (DO) at normal and hyperdistraction rates. Animals in groups 1 and 2 were distracted by 0.5mm/day and those in groups 3 and 4 by 1mm/day. Groups 2 and 4 received HBOT during distraction. Group ...
Abe K K Kamioka Observatory, Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kamioka, Gifu 506-1205, Japan and Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583, - - 2014
We present the results of searches for nucleon decay via n→ν[over ¯]π^{0} and p→ν[over ¯]π^{+} using data from a combined 172.8  kt·yr exposure of Super-Kamiokande-I,-II, and-III. We set lower limits on the partial lifetime for each of these modes: τ_{n→ν[over ¯]π^{0}}>1.1×10^{33} years and τ_{p→ν[over ¯]π^{+}}>3.9×10^{32} years at a 90% confidence level.
Nichols S S Department of Sport, Health & Exercise Science, University of Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, - - 2014
Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) measurements provide a non-invasive assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to assess the inter- and intra-observer variability of automated C-IMT measurements undertaken by two novice operators using the Panasonic CardioHealth Station. Participants were free from cardio-metabolic disease, and each underwent serial bilateral ...
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