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Schnabel William W a University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center , Fairbanks , Alaska , - - 2015
Woody vegetation cultivated for moisture management on evapotranspiration (ET) landfill covers could potentially serve a secondary function as a biomass crop. However, research is required to evaluate the extent to which trees could be harvested from ET covers without significantly impacting their moisture management function. This study investigated the drainage ...
Numanoğlu Kemal Varim KV Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bülent Ecevit University, Kozlu, Zonguldak 67600, - - 2014
Current treatment strategies against the development of corrosive esophageal strictures remain unsatisfactory. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of keratinocyte growth factor, in the form of palifermin, for the prevention of stricture development following esophageal caustic injuries in a rat model. A total of ...
Wang Ying Y Associate Professor at the Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
Post-disaster recovery is a constantly changing and developing process. The authors conducted three real-name follow-up surveys at 1, 12 and 18 months after the Yao'an earthquake, which had a surface wave magnitude of 6.0. They also calculated recovery ratios at different times and drew post-earthquake domestic life recovery curves. Based ...
Pibarot Philippe P Québec Heart and Lung Institute/Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Laval University, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the incidence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and its impact on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The objectives of this study were: 1) to compare the incidence of PPM in the TAVR and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) randomized control trial (RCT) arms of the ...
Chaffin Brian C BC College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, 104 CEOAS Administration Building, Corvallis, OR, 97331-5503, USA, - - 2014
Collaborative watershed group experiences reveal commonalities in their approaches to facilitate decentralized and inclusive watershed planning and management in the United States, and increasingly around the world. Although watershed groups are widely recognized in the United States for positive accomplishments across local, state, and regional scales, the role of government ...
Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad H MH Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Long-term consequences and the activities of daily living of bilateral lower limb amputation are not well documented. The aims of our study were to identify the long-term effects of bilateral lower extremity amputations on daily activities and understand how these amputees cope with their mobility assistive devices. Cross-sectional study. A ...
Munteanu Shannon E SE Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Podiatry, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Lower Extremity & Gait Studies Program, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of customised foot orthoses in chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. This was a participant-blinded, parallel-group randomised controlled trial at a single centre (La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia). One hundred and forty participants aged 18-55 years with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy were randomised to receive eccentric calf muscle exercises with ...
Kaynar A A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on rat muscles during tibial distraction osteogenesis (DO) at normal and hyperdistraction rates. Animals in groups 1 and 2 were distracted by 0.5mm/day and those in groups 3 and 4 by 1mm/day. Groups 2 and 4 received HBOT during distraction. Group ...
Nichols S S Department of Sport, Health & Exercise Science, University of Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, - - 2014
Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) measurements provide a non-invasive assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to assess the inter- and intra-observer variability of automated C-IMT measurements undertaken by two novice operators using the Panasonic CardioHealth Station. Participants were free from cardio-metabolic disease, and each underwent serial bilateral ...
Bates N N Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), Medical Toxicology and Information Services, Mary Sheridan House, 13 St Thomas Street, London SE1 9RY, - - 2014
Benzalkonium chloride is commonly found in household products. This retrospective study examined 245 cases of feline exposure to benzalkonium chloride-containing products reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS). A single route of exposure was reported in 188 cats (ingestion 126, skin 58, buccal 4); 57 cats had multiple routes. ...
Baijnath Sooraj S Department of Physiology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
In order to address the gap in our understanding of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PE, we optimized the NOS inhibition animal model by comparing changes in different parameters at various time frames during pregnancy, in both early and late-onset PE. 120 nulliparous Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups ...
Kim Sang-Min SM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan, University School of Medicine, Changwon, South - - 2014
We aimed to clarify whether the increase in medial gap after medial release is influenced by the retention or sacrifice of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) during navigation-assisted total knee arthroplasty. After matched pairs were done according to the equality of preoperative varus deformity and medial collateral laxity, 54 knees of ...
Gietzelt Matthias M Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig - Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School , Braunschweig , Germany - - 2014
Aim of this study was to make a fall prognosis in a cohort of older people with dementia in short-term (2 month), mid-term (4 month) and long-term (8 month) intervals using accelerometry during the subjects' everyday life. The study was designed as a longitudinal cohort study. The subjects were recruited ...
Gelani R - - 2014
SUMMARY This study assessed the ability of an infiltrant resin (Icon, DMG Chemisch-Pharmazeutische Fabrik GmbH, Hamburg, Germany) to prevent artificial lesion progression in vitro when used to impregnate white spot lesions and also assessed the effect of saliva contamination on resin infiltration. Enamel specimens (n=252) were prepared and covered with ...
Visel D D Department of Orthodontics, Dentofacial Orthopedics and Pedodontics, Charité - Center for Dentistry, Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery, Assmannshauser Str. 4-6, 14197, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
The goal of this work was to compare the demineralization of enamel associated with two different self-etching primers and traditional acid etching. A total of 15 volunteers (23-32 years, 8 male and 7 female) were provided with a removable archwire/resin appliance to be worn 20 h/day for 28 days. The device was attached to ...
Whitbeck Evan R ER Naval Postgraduate Dental School, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether rotary instrumentation using saline, EDTA 17% solution, or RC-Prep (Premier Dental, Philadelphia, PA) resulted in differences in root canal transportation. The secondary objective was to assess if instrumentation using these agents caused changes in the working length and canal volume. Moderately ...
Serra Mario R MR Centre for Research and Transfer in Acoustics (CINTRA), Unit Associated of CONICET, National Technological University (UTN), Cordoba Regional Faculty, Cordoba, - - 2014
Adolescent exposure to loud music has become a social and health problem whose study demands a holistic approach. The aims of the current study are: (1) To detect early noise-induced hearing loss among adolescents and establish its relationship with their participation in musical recreational activities and (2) to determine sound ...
Ramirez-Venegas Alejandra A Instituto Nacional De Enfermdades Rspiratorias Isnmael Cosio Villegas, Departamento de Investigacion en Tabaquismo y EPOC, Mexico City, Mexico ; - - 2014
Rationale: Biomass exposure is an important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the time-course behavior of FEV1 in subjects exposed to biomass is unknown. Objective: We undertook this study to determine the FEV1 rate decline in subjects exposed to biomass. Methods: Pulmonary function was assessed every year in ...
Ahmed Magdy R MR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University,Ismailia, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the effect of prophylactic corticosteroids administration at 37 weeks before term elective CS in reducing neonatal respiratory morbidity and admission to NICU. Methods: This randomized trial was conducted focusing on women subjected to term elective CS. Women who were eligible for the study were divided into ...
Severson Herbert H HH Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR; - - 2014
Relatively few treatment programs have been developed specifically for smokeless tobacco (ST) users who want to quit. Their results suggest that self-help materials, telephone counseling, and nicotine lozenges are efficacious. This study provides the first direct examination of the separate and combined effects of telephone counseling and lozenges. One thousand ...
Mirza Saira Saeed SS Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Coffee consumption has been frequently reported for its protective association with incident dementia. However, this association has mostly been reported in studies with short follow-up periods, and it remains unclear to what extent reverse causality influences this association. Studying the long-term effect of coffee consumption on dementia with stratified follow-up ...
Bouhlal Sofia S CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Present affiliation: Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
Children's vegetable intake is far below the recommended amounts. No studies to date have tested the relevance of using salt or spices to increase children's vegetable acceptance. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of repeated exposure to that of flavor-flavor learning, on the acceptance of a ...
Zhang Michael M Department of Emergency Medicine, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, - - 2014
To investigate if wearing protective gloves during paediatric intravenous cannulation affects performance of the procedure. This was a prospective observational study. Peripheral intravenous cannulation (PIVC) performed within the Paediatric ED was observed and recorded over a 12 month period. Data were compared between those clinicians wearing gloves and those not ...
Pauchard N N Service de Chirurgie Plastique et Reconstructrice de l'Appareil Locomoteur, Chirurgie de la Main, Centre Chirurgical Émile-Gallé, Université de Lorraine, CHU Nancy, Nancy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Four-corner fusion was described in 1984 by HK Watson for the treatment of SLAC wrist. This intervention has undergone few changes since that description, but the debate on the fixation method is still not resolved. Dorsal locking plates provide better stability, short immobilization and a quicker return to daily activities ...
Hulin Billy T BT School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, - - 2014
This study: (1) quantified activity profiles in approximately 5-minute periods to determine if the intensity of rugby league match-play changes following the most intense period of play, and (2) examined if the intensity of activity during predefined periods of match-play differed between successful and less-successful teams playing at an elite ...
Wang Jin J Department of Urology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
To develop a simple minimally invasive method for ureteral stent removal that does not require cystoscopy or fluoroscopic guidance. We developed a novel ureteral stent comprising the main body of a stent and an iron oxide-coated net that was woven of processed polyester sutures. The ureteral stent was retrieved by ...
Luo Guozhi G College of Fisheries and Life Science of Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; Shanghai Universities Knowledge Service Platform (ZF1206), Shanghai 201306, China; Research and Development Center of Aquacultural Engineering of Shanghai, Shanghai 201306, - - 2014
The effect of dissolved oxygen (DO) on heterotrophic denitrification using poly(butylene succinate) as the carbon source and biofilm carrier was evaluated in a lab-scale experiment. Aerated, low-oxygen, and anoxic treatment groups were set up, which had average DO concentrations of 5.2±1.0, 1.4±1.2, and 0.5±0.3mgL(-1), respectively. The NO3(-)-N and total nitrogen ...
Tsuboi Tomomasa T Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Hospital Organization Minami-Kyoto Hospital, Kyoto - - 2014
The significance of changes in PaCO2 during long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on prognosis remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether stabilizing PaCO2 during NIV had a favorable prognostic effect. Data from 190 subjects with restrictive thoracic disease and who received long-term NIV were studied retrospectively. The annual change in PaCO2 ...
Nakamura Noriko N Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of educational interventions to encourage incident reporting. This was a quasi-experimental design. The study involved nurses working in two gastroenterology surgical wards at Fukuoka University Hospital, Japan. The number of participants on each ward was 26 nurses at ...
Amin Sabry Mohammad SM Department of Anesthesia, Tanta University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta 31527, - - 2014
Different methods and many drugs have been used to control the post-operative pain. In this study, we evaluate the role of gabapentin premedication and/or dexamethasone in management of post-operative pain following adenotonsillectomy in children. In a double-blind randomized study, 120 children were subjected for adenotonsillectomy classified into three equal groups. ...
Lauretti Gabriela Rocha GR Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of Locomotor Members, Teaching Hospital, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the intravenous (IV) and caudal routes of administration of sufentanil for children undergoing orchidopexy and also to evaluate the effects on addition of caudal adrenaline and neostigmine. SIXTY PATIENTS SCHEDULED FOR ORCHIDOPEXY WERE DIVIDED INTO THE FOLLOWING GROUPS: 1) Group IVSu received ...
Koca Orhan O Department of Urology, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Purpose: Technological developments provide a lot of conveniences to our lives. This issue is one of the risks that arise along with these conveniences. In our study we tried to understand the impact of electromagnetic waves from mobile phones on bladder tissue. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one adult male albino rats ...
Fang Si-Lian SL Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Plate exposure is the most common complication after reconstruction of oncologic resection using a titanium plate. The outcomes of covering exposed reconstructive plates with extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flaps (TIMFs) were evaluated. Twelve instances of exposure of reconstructive plates occurred in patients after segmental mandibulectomy to treat cancer ...
Beugnet Frédéric F Merial S.A.S., 29 avenue Tony Garnier, 69007 Lyon, - - 2014
The speed of efficacy of afoxolaner (NexGard(®)) against Ctenocephalides felis fleas was evaluated in two studies. Study A assessed the efficacy against existing fleas whereas study B assessed the efficacy against new infesting fleas. In study A, 12 dogs were allocated to the untreated group and 20 dogs to the ...
Crane Melanie A MA School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of inhaler device technique education on improving inhaler technique in older people with asthma. In a randomised controlled trial, device technique education was provided to a sample of 123 adults aged >55 years who had a doctor diagnosis of asthma. The active education group received one-on-one ...
Stewardson Andrew J AJ Infection Control Program and World Health Organization Collaborating Centre on Patient Safety, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, - - 2014
Hand hygiene is a key component of infection control in healthcare. WHO recommends that healthcare workers perform six specific poses during each hand hygiene action. SureWash (Glanta Ltd, Dublin, Ireland) is a novel device that uses video-measurement technology and immediate feedback to teach this technique. We assessed the impact of ...
Wang LiuFeng L Institute of Entomology, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, - - 2014
The small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus (Fallén) enters the photoperiodic induction of diapause as 3rd or 4th instar nymphs. The photoperiodic response curves in this planthopper showed a typical long-day response type with a critical daylength of approximately 11 h at 25°C, 12 h at 22 and 20°C and 12.5 ...
Wu Jiachao J 0000-0002-5734-0837 Department of Mathematics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, - - 2014
The main results are about the groups of the negations on the unit square, which is considered as a bilattice. It is proven that all the automorphisms on it form a group; the set, containing the monotonic isomorphisms and the strict negations of the first (or the second or the ...
Boutaybi N N Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, J6-S, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The - - 2014
Our objective was to estimate the effect of therapeutic hypothermia on platelet count in neonates after perinatal asphyxia. We performed a retrospective case control study of all (near-) term neonates with perinatal asphyxia admitted between 2004 and 2012 to our neonatal intensive care unit. All neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia ...
Mutsuzaki Hirotaka H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, 4669-2 Ami Ami-machi, Inashiki-gun, Ibaraki 300-0394, Japan. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the histological changes at the patella tendon (PT) insertion site under gradual elongation in rabbits. Gradual elongation of the PT was performed using external fixation for 4 weeks, with a lengthening speed of 0.5 mm/day (elongation group; n = 24). Rabbits in ...
Ruiz-Mercado Ilse I Civil Systems, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California Berkeley, 760 Davis Hall, Berkeley CA 94720-1710, USA ; Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, 50 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720-7360, - - 2013
The sustained use of cookstoves that are introduced to reduce fuel use or air pollution needs to be objectively monitored to verify the sustainability of these benefits. Quantifying stove adoption requires affordable tools, scalable methods and validated metrics of usage. We quantified the longitudinal patterns of chimney-stove use of 80 ...
Dal Umran U Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Near East University, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of Northern - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of massage to the sacral region after cesarean delivery instead of employing a urinary catheter for the prevention of urinary retention. Cross sectional study. This interventional study population consisted of 60 women who were divided into two intervention groups and ...
Mizuno Naoko - - 2012
Scapular notching is a common worrying finding after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Eccentric glenospheres have recently been developed in an attempt to prevent notching. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of RSA with an eccentric glenosphere and compare the incidence and the ...
Shahi S - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to electrochemically evaluate corrosion resistance of RaCe and Mtwo files after repeated sterilization and preparation procedures. A total of 450 rotary files were used. In the working groups, 72 files from each file type were distributed into 4 groups. RaCe and Mtwo files ...
Fan Chao - - 2012
The traditional hand-sewn Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy is technically complicated, and the incidence of postoperative complications has remained high. A set of novel magnetic compressive anastomats was introduced to facilitate choledochojejunostomy and improve the prognosis of patients. After ligating the common bile duct for 7 days, 16 dogs were randomly divided into ...
Heydari G - - 2012
Smoking cessation programmes were first introduced in Iran in 1997. To date a number of types of nicotine replacement therapy have been prescribed. To evaluate the effectiveness of varenicline for tobacco cessation. This was a randomised parallel clinical study conducted in 2010. Participants were smokers willing to quit who were ...
- - 2012
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Platow Michael J - - 2012
Abstract  In both a laboratory experiment (in Australia) using university as the basis of group membership, and a scenario experiment (in India) using religion as the basis of group membership, we observe more favourable respect and fairness ratings in response to an in-group authority than an out-group authority who administers ...
Nishiyama T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The anesthetic conserving device (AnaConDa) is a disposable vaporizer that can save consumption of inhalational anesthetic used in low sevoflurane concentration. This study was performed to investigate whether AnaConDa when used at high sevoflurane concentration (1.5% to 2.0%) could save sevoflurane consumption and fasten emergence from anesthesia without any ...
Tay Yong-Kwang - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The pulsed dye laser (PDL) using varying fluences and pulse durations have been used to treat hemangiomas. This study aims to examine the efficacy and safety of the 595-nm PDL for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas using short (1.5-3 milliseconds) versus long (10 milliseconds) pulse durations and high fluences. ...
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