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Schnabel William W a University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center , Fairbanks , Alaska , - - 2015
Woody vegetation cultivated for moisture management on evapotranspiration (ET) landfill covers could potentially serve a secondary function as a biomass crop. However, research is required to evaluate the extent to which trees could be harvested from ET covers without significantly impacting their moisture management function. This study investigated the drainage ...
Kehl S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of inducing labour using a double-balloon catheter and oral misoprostol sequentially, in comparison with oral misoprostol alone. A multicentre randomised controlled trial. Five hospitals in Germany. A total of 326 pregnant women with an unfavourable cervix undergoing labour induction at term. Women were randomly assigned according ...
Shirima Candida P CP Division of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom; Department of Food Science and Technology, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro; and Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority (TFDA), Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Aflatoxin and fumonisin are toxic food contaminants. Knowledge about effects of their exposure and co-exposure on child growth is inadequate. To investigate the association between child growth and aflatoxin and fumonisin exposure in Tanzania. A total of 166 children were recruited at 6 to 14 months of age and studied ...
Leoci Raffaella R Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), Section of Veterinary Clinic and Animal Production, University of Bari Aldo Moro, SP per Casamassima km 3, Valenzano, 70010, BA, Italy. - - 2014
Canine overpopulation is a global issue with serious health and welfare implications. Nonsurgical methods of sterilization could yield positive impacts on this problem, but no long-term data on such methods are available. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the effects of intratesticular injections of calcium chloride dihydrate ...
Wang Shengjie S Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang, 050051, Hebei, China, - - 2014
This animal study aimed to investigate whether early reduction in patellar subluxation could minimize femoral trochlear dysplasia in growing rabbits. Sixty rabbits were divided into four groups (N = 30 knees/group). The control group underwent no surgical procedures. The rabbits in the three experimental groups underwent surgical patellar subluxation. Those in the ...
Jeon Joonpyo J Department of Anesthesiology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Two types of material are used to manufacture double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLTs): Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and silicon. PVC DLTs (Broncho-Cath) and silicon DLTs (Silbroncho) not only differ in material, but also subtly differ in structure. The goal of this study was to determine whether the incidences of postoperative sore throat and ...
Coenen Pieter P Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Physical exposures (eg, lifting or bending) are believed to be risk factors for low-back pain (LBP), but the literature is inconsistent. Exposure and LBP prevalence differ considerably between occupations, and exposure-outcome associations could be severely modified by the presence of particular occupational groups. We aimed to investigate the influence of ...
Bostanci Seher S *Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey; †Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Prof. Dr. Celal Ertug Etimesgut State Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Chemical matricectomy with sodium hydroxide is a method being used successfully in the treatment of ingrown toenail. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate long-term recurrence rates after chemical matricectomy using sodium hydroxide application of different durations. Two hundred two patients with ingrown nail edges were treated with either ...
Numanoğlu Kemal Varim KV Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bülent Ecevit University, Kozlu, Zonguldak 67600, - - 2014
Current treatment strategies against the development of corrosive esophageal strictures remain unsatisfactory. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of keratinocyte growth factor, in the form of palifermin, for the prevention of stricture development following esophageal caustic injuries in a rat model. A total of ...
Wang Ying Y Associate Professor at the Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
Post-disaster recovery is a constantly changing and developing process. The authors conducted three real-name follow-up surveys at 1, 12 and 18 months after the Yao'an earthquake, which had a surface wave magnitude of 6.0. They also calculated recovery ratios at different times and drew post-earthquake domestic life recovery curves. Based ...
Crane Andrea K AK From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel - - 2014
The primary objective of this study was to compare the short-term rate of mesh exposure after a robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSCP) compared with those after RSCP with a concomitant hysterectomy. Secondary objectives included a comparison of mesh exposure from total hysterectomies (TH) versus supracervical hysterectomies (SCH) and determination of risk factors ...
Sándor Gábor L - - 2014
To evaluate and compare the mechanical properties of anterior capsule openings performed with the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) technique and femtosecond laser capsulotomy (FLC) in ex vivo porcine lens capsule specimens. Fresh porcine eyes were included in the study (CCC group, n = 50; FLC group, n = 30). The ...
Pibarot Philippe P Québec Heart and Lung Institute/Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Laval University, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the incidence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and its impact on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The objectives of this study were: 1) to compare the incidence of PPM in the TAVR and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) randomized control trial (RCT) arms of the ...
Jia Qilei Q People's Hospital of Qingbaijiang District, Urology, Chengdu, Sichuan, China ; - - 2014
Objective To explore the role of a new urethral sheath in transurethral lithotripsy for the bladder calculi. Methods The 120 cases with BS models were divided into three groups.One stone was placed in the bladder for each case. A total of 40 cases were included in each group. Then, the ...
Chaffin Brian C BC College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, 104 CEOAS Administration Building, Corvallis, OR, 97331-5503, USA, - - 2014
Collaborative watershed group experiences reveal commonalities in their approaches to facilitate decentralized and inclusive watershed planning and management in the United States, and increasingly around the world. Although watershed groups are widely recognized in the United States for positive accomplishments across local, state, and regional scales, the role of government ...
Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad H MH Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Long-term consequences and the activities of daily living of bilateral lower limb amputation are not well documented. The aims of our study were to identify the long-term effects of bilateral lower extremity amputations on daily activities and understand how these amputees cope with their mobility assistive devices. Cross-sectional study. A ...
Munteanu Shannon E SE Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Podiatry, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Lower Extremity & Gait Studies Program, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of customised foot orthoses in chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. This was a participant-blinded, parallel-group randomised controlled trial at a single centre (La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia). One hundred and forty participants aged 18-55 years with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy were randomised to receive eccentric calf muscle exercises with ...
Kaynar A A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on rat muscles during tibial distraction osteogenesis (DO) at normal and hyperdistraction rates. Animals in groups 1 and 2 were distracted by 0.5mm/day and those in groups 3 and 4 by 1mm/day. Groups 2 and 4 received HBOT during distraction. Group ...
Abe K K Kamioka Observatory, Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kamioka, Gifu 506-1205, Japan and Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583, - - 2014
We present the results of searches for nucleon decay via n→ν[over ¯]π^{0} and p→ν[over ¯]π^{+} using data from a combined 172.8  kt·yr exposure of Super-Kamiokande-I,-II, and-III. We set lower limits on the partial lifetime for each of these modes: τ_{n→ν[over ¯]π^{0}}>1.1×10^{33} years and τ_{p→ν[over ¯]π^{+}}>3.9×10^{32} years at a 90% confidence level.
Nichols S S Department of Sport, Health & Exercise Science, University of Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, - - 2014
Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) measurements provide a non-invasive assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to assess the inter- and intra-observer variability of automated C-IMT measurements undertaken by two novice operators using the Panasonic CardioHealth Station. Participants were free from cardio-metabolic disease, and each underwent serial bilateral ...
Bates N N Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), Medical Toxicology and Information Services, Mary Sheridan House, 13 St Thomas Street, London SE1 9RY, - - 2014
Benzalkonium chloride is commonly found in household products. This retrospective study examined 245 cases of feline exposure to benzalkonium chloride-containing products reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS). A single route of exposure was reported in 188 cats (ingestion 126, skin 58, buccal 4); 57 cats had multiple routes. ...
Baijnath Sooraj S Department of Physiology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
In order to address the gap in our understanding of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PE, we optimized the NOS inhibition animal model by comparing changes in different parameters at various time frames during pregnancy, in both early and late-onset PE. 120 nulliparous Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups ...
Kim Sang-Min SM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan, University School of Medicine, Changwon, South - - 2014
We aimed to clarify whether the increase in medial gap after medial release is influenced by the retention or sacrifice of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) during navigation-assisted total knee arthroplasty. After matched pairs were done according to the equality of preoperative varus deformity and medial collateral laxity, 54 knees of ...
Edwards S A A SA School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study compared pregnancy rates (PRs) and costs per calf born after fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) or AI after estrus detection (i.e., estrus detection and AI, EDAI), before and after a single PGF2α treatment in Bos indicus (Brahman-cross) heifers. On Day 0, the body weight, body condition score, and presence ...
Gietzelt Matthias M Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig - Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School , Braunschweig , Germany - - 2014
Aim of this study was to make a fall prognosis in a cohort of older people with dementia in short-term (2 month), mid-term (4 month) and long-term (8 month) intervals using accelerometry during the subjects' everyday life. The study was designed as a longitudinal cohort study. The subjects were recruited ...
Gelani R - - 2014
SUMMARY This study assessed the ability of an infiltrant resin (Icon, DMG Chemisch-Pharmazeutische Fabrik GmbH, Hamburg, Germany) to prevent artificial lesion progression in vitro when used to impregnate white spot lesions and also assessed the effect of saliva contamination on resin infiltration. Enamel specimens (n=252) were prepared and covered with ...
Visel D D Department of Orthodontics, Dentofacial Orthopedics and Pedodontics, Charité - Center for Dentistry, Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery, Assmannshauser Str. 4-6, 14197, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
The goal of this work was to compare the demineralization of enamel associated with two different self-etching primers and traditional acid etching. A total of 15 volunteers (23-32 years, 8 male and 7 female) were provided with a removable archwire/resin appliance to be worn 20 h/day for 28 days. The device was attached to ...
Whitbeck Evan R ER Naval Postgraduate Dental School, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether rotary instrumentation using saline, EDTA 17% solution, or RC-Prep (Premier Dental, Philadelphia, PA) resulted in differences in root canal transportation. The secondary objective was to assess if instrumentation using these agents caused changes in the working length and canal volume. Moderately ...
Serra Mario R MR Centre for Research and Transfer in Acoustics (CINTRA), Unit Associated of CONICET, National Technological University (UTN), Cordoba Regional Faculty, Cordoba, - - 2014
Adolescent exposure to loud music has become a social and health problem whose study demands a holistic approach. The aims of the current study are: (1) To detect early noise-induced hearing loss among adolescents and establish its relationship with their participation in musical recreational activities and (2) to determine sound ...
Hong Ji Hee JH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Daegu, - - 2014
Infrequent but serious complications of transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) occur due to inadvertent intravascular injections. A few studies reported that the different needle types can influence on the occurrences of intravascular incidence in TFESI. This study prospectively evaluated whether short-bevel needle can reduce the incidences of intravascular injection of ...
Ramirez-Venegas Alejandra A Instituto Nacional De Enfermdades Rspiratorias Isnmael Cosio Villegas, Departamento de Investigacion en Tabaquismo y EPOC, Mexico City, Mexico ; - - 2014
Rationale: Biomass exposure is an important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the time-course behavior of FEV1 in subjects exposed to biomass is unknown. Objective: We undertook this study to determine the FEV1 rate decline in subjects exposed to biomass. Methods: Pulmonary function was assessed every year in ...
Ahmed Magdy R MR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University,Ismailia, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the effect of prophylactic corticosteroids administration at 37 weeks before term elective CS in reducing neonatal respiratory morbidity and admission to NICU. Methods: This randomized trial was conducted focusing on women subjected to term elective CS. Women who were eligible for the study were divided into ...
Severson Herbert H HH Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR; - - 2014
Relatively few treatment programs have been developed specifically for smokeless tobacco (ST) users who want to quit. Their results suggest that self-help materials, telephone counseling, and nicotine lozenges are efficacious. This study provides the first direct examination of the separate and combined effects of telephone counseling and lozenges. One thousand ...
Mirza Saira Saeed SS Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Coffee consumption has been frequently reported for its protective association with incident dementia. However, this association has mostly been reported in studies with short follow-up periods, and it remains unclear to what extent reverse causality influences this association. Studying the long-term effect of coffee consumption on dementia with stratified follow-up ...
Bouhlal Sofia S CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Present affiliation: Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
Children's vegetable intake is far below the recommended amounts. No studies to date have tested the relevance of using salt or spices to increase children's vegetable acceptance. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of repeated exposure to that of flavor-flavor learning, on the acceptance of a ...
Zhang Michael M Department of Emergency Medicine, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, - - 2014
To investigate if wearing protective gloves during paediatric intravenous cannulation affects performance of the procedure. This was a prospective observational study. Peripheral intravenous cannulation (PIVC) performed within the Paediatric ED was observed and recorded over a 12 month period. Data were compared between those clinicians wearing gloves and those not ...
Pauchard N N Service de Chirurgie Plastique et Reconstructrice de l'Appareil Locomoteur, Chirurgie de la Main, Centre Chirurgical Émile-Gallé, Université de Lorraine, CHU Nancy, Nancy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Four-corner fusion was described in 1984 by HK Watson for the treatment of SLAC wrist. This intervention has undergone few changes since that description, but the debate on the fixation method is still not resolved. Dorsal locking plates provide better stability, short immobilization and a quicker return to daily activities ...
Hulin Billy T BT School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, - - 2014
This study: (1) quantified activity profiles in approximately 5-minute periods to determine if the intensity of rugby league match-play changes following the most intense period of play, and (2) examined if the intensity of activity during predefined periods of match-play differed between successful and less-successful teams playing at an elite ...
Wang Jin J Department of Urology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
To develop a simple minimally invasive method for ureteral stent removal that does not require cystoscopy or fluoroscopic guidance. We developed a novel ureteral stent comprising the main body of a stent and an iron oxide-coated net that was woven of processed polyester sutures. The ureteral stent was retrieved by ...
Luo Guozhi G College of Fisheries and Life Science of Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; Shanghai Universities Knowledge Service Platform (ZF1206), Shanghai 201306, China; Research and Development Center of Aquacultural Engineering of Shanghai, Shanghai 201306, - - 2014
The effect of dissolved oxygen (DO) on heterotrophic denitrification using poly(butylene succinate) as the carbon source and biofilm carrier was evaluated in a lab-scale experiment. Aerated, low-oxygen, and anoxic treatment groups were set up, which had average DO concentrations of 5.2±1.0, 1.4±1.2, and 0.5±0.3mgL(-1), respectively. The NO3(-)-N and total nitrogen ...
Tsuboi Tomomasa T Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Hospital Organization Minami-Kyoto Hospital, Kyoto - - 2014
The significance of changes in PaCO2 during long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on prognosis remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether stabilizing PaCO2 during NIV had a favorable prognostic effect. Data from 190 subjects with restrictive thoracic disease and who received long-term NIV were studied retrospectively. The annual change in PaCO2 ...
Nakamura Noriko N Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of educational interventions to encourage incident reporting. This was a quasi-experimental design. The study involved nurses working in two gastroenterology surgical wards at Fukuoka University Hospital, Japan. The number of participants on each ward was 26 nurses at ...
Amin Sabry Mohammad SM Department of Anesthesia, Tanta University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta 31527, - - 2014
Different methods and many drugs have been used to control the post-operative pain. In this study, we evaluate the role of gabapentin premedication and/or dexamethasone in management of post-operative pain following adenotonsillectomy in children. In a double-blind randomized study, 120 children were subjected for adenotonsillectomy classified into three equal groups. ...
Lauretti Gabriela Rocha GR Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of Locomotor Members, Teaching Hospital, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the intravenous (IV) and caudal routes of administration of sufentanil for children undergoing orchidopexy and also to evaluate the effects on addition of caudal adrenaline and neostigmine. SIXTY PATIENTS SCHEDULED FOR ORCHIDOPEXY WERE DIVIDED INTO THE FOLLOWING GROUPS: 1) Group IVSu received ...
Koca Orhan O Department of Urology, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Purpose: Technological developments provide a lot of conveniences to our lives. This issue is one of the risks that arise along with these conveniences. In our study we tried to understand the impact of electromagnetic waves from mobile phones on bladder tissue. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one adult male albino rats ...
Vasavada Vaishali - - 2014
To compare the impact of varying fluidic parameters on intraoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuations and postoperative outcomes. Prospective randomized study of 80 eyes undergoing cataract surgery that were randomly assigned to low (aspiration flow rate: 20 cc/min; bottle height: 90 cm; vacuum: 400 mm Hg) and high (aspiration flow rate: ...
Fang Si-Lian SL Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Plate exposure is the most common complication after reconstruction of oncologic resection using a titanium plate. The outcomes of covering exposed reconstructive plates with extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flaps (TIMFs) were evaluated. Twelve instances of exposure of reconstructive plates occurred in patients after segmental mandibulectomy to treat cancer ...
Kashefi Natalie S NS Department of Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, - - 2014
Smoke inhalation is a major source of morbidity and mortality. Heparin and N-acetylcysteine treatment has potential efficacy in inhalation injury. We investigated the impact of a heparin/N-acetylcysteine/albuterol nebulization protocol in adult patients with inhalation injury. A retrospective review was performed of adult inhalation injury patients, admitted to a regional burn ...
Beugnet Frédéric F Merial S.A.S., 29 avenue Tony Garnier, 69007 Lyon, - - 2014
The speed of efficacy of afoxolaner (NexGard(®)) against Ctenocephalides felis fleas was evaluated in two studies. Study A assessed the efficacy against existing fleas whereas study B assessed the efficacy against new infesting fleas. In study A, 12 dogs were allocated to the untreated group and 20 dogs to the ...
Crane Melanie A MA School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of inhaler device technique education on improving inhaler technique in older people with asthma. In a randomised controlled trial, device technique education was provided to a sample of 123 adults aged >55 years who had a doctor diagnosis of asthma. The active education group received one-on-one ...
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