Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1240
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gietzelt Matthias M Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig - Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School , Braunschweig , Germany - - 2014
Aim of this study was to make a fall prognosis in a cohort of older people with dementia in short-term (2 month), mid-term (4 month) and long-term (8 month) intervals using accelerometry during the subjects' everyday life. The study was designed as a longitudinal cohort study. The subjects were recruited ...
Gelani R - - 2014
SUMMARY This study assessed the ability of an infiltrant resin (Icon, DMG Chemisch-Pharmazeutische Fabrik GmbH, Hamburg, Germany) to prevent artificial lesion progression in vitro when used to impregnate white spot lesions and also assessed the effect of saliva contamination on resin infiltration. Enamel specimens (n=252) were prepared and covered with ...
Visel D D Department of Orthodontics, Dentofacial Orthopedics and Pedodontics, Charité - Center for Dentistry, Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery, Assmannshauser Str. 4-6, 14197, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
The goal of this work was to compare the demineralization of enamel associated with two different self-etching primers and traditional acid etching. A total of 15 volunteers (23-32 years, 8 male and 7 female) were provided with a removable archwire/resin appliance to be worn 20 h/day for 28 days. The device was attached to ...
Ahmed Magdy R MR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University,Ismailia, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the effect of prophylactic corticosteroids administration at 37 weeks before term elective CS in reducing neonatal respiratory morbidity and admission to NICU. Methods: This randomized trial was conducted focusing on women subjected to term elective CS. Women who were eligible for the study were divided into ...
Severson Herbert H HH Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR; - - 2014
Relatively few treatment programs have been developed specifically for smokeless tobacco (ST) users who want to quit. Their results suggest that self-help materials, telephone counseling, and nicotine lozenges are efficacious. This study provides the first direct examination of the separate and combined effects of telephone counseling and lozenges. One thousand ...
Mirza Saira Saeed SS Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Coffee consumption has been frequently reported for its protective association with incident dementia. However, this association has mostly been reported in studies with short follow-up periods, and it remains unclear to what extent reverse causality influences this association. Studying the long-term effect of coffee consumption on dementia with stratified follow-up ...
Zhang Michael M Department of Emergency Medicine, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, - - 2014
To investigate if wearing protective gloves during paediatric intravenous cannulation affects performance of the procedure. This was a prospective observational study. Peripheral intravenous cannulation (PIVC) performed within the Paediatric ED was observed and recorded over a 12 month period. Data were compared between those clinicians wearing gloves and those not ...
Pauchard N N Service de Chirurgie Plastique et Reconstructrice de l'Appareil Locomoteur, Chirurgie de la Main, Centre Chirurgical Émile-Gallé, Université de Lorraine, CHU Nancy, Nancy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Four-corner fusion was described in 1984 by HK Watson for the treatment of SLAC wrist. This intervention has undergone few changes since that description, but the debate on the fixation method is still not resolved. Dorsal locking plates provide better stability, short immobilization and a quicker return to daily activities ...
Hulin Billy T BT School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, - - 2014
This study: (1) quantified activity profiles in approximately 5-minute periods to determine if the intensity of rugby league match-play changes following the most intense period of play, and (2) examined if the intensity of activity during predefined periods of match-play differed between successful and less-successful teams playing at an elite ...
Wang Jin J Department of Urology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
To develop a simple minimally invasive method for ureteral stent removal that does not require cystoscopy or fluoroscopic guidance. We developed a novel ureteral stent comprising the main body of a stent and an iron oxide-coated net that was woven of processed polyester sutures. The ureteral stent was retrieved by ...
Nakamura Noriko N Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of educational interventions to encourage incident reporting. This was a quasi-experimental design. The study involved nurses working in two gastroenterology surgical wards at Fukuoka University Hospital, Japan. The number of participants on each ward was 26 nurses at ...
Mutsuzaki Hirotaka H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, 4669-2 Ami Ami-machi, Inashiki-gun, Ibaraki 300-0394, Japan. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the histological changes at the patella tendon (PT) insertion site under gradual elongation in rabbits. Gradual elongation of the PT was performed using external fixation for 4 weeks, with a lengthening speed of 0.5 mm/day (elongation group; n = 24). Rabbits in ...
Beugnet Frédéric F Merial S.A.S., 29 avenue Tony Garnier, 69007 Lyon, - - 2014
The speed of efficacy of afoxolaner (NexGard(®)) against Ctenocephalides felis fleas was evaluated in two studies. Study A assessed the efficacy against existing fleas whereas study B assessed the efficacy against new infesting fleas. In study A, 12 dogs were allocated to the untreated group and 20 dogs to the ...
Mizuno Naoko - - 2012
Scapular notching is a common worrying finding after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Eccentric glenospheres have recently been developed in an attempt to prevent notching. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of RSA with an eccentric glenosphere and compare the incidence and the ...
Shahi S - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to electrochemically evaluate corrosion resistance of RaCe and Mtwo files after repeated sterilization and preparation procedures. A total of 450 rotary files were used. In the working groups, 72 files from each file type were distributed into 4 groups. RaCe and Mtwo files ...
Fan Chao - - 2012
The traditional hand-sewn Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy is technically complicated, and the incidence of postoperative complications has remained high. A set of novel magnetic compressive anastomats was introduced to facilitate choledochojejunostomy and improve the prognosis of patients. After ligating the common bile duct for 7 days, 16 dogs were randomly divided into ...
Heydari G - - 2012
Smoking cessation programmes were first introduced in Iran in 1997. To date a number of types of nicotine replacement therapy have been prescribed. To evaluate the effectiveness of varenicline for tobacco cessation. This was a randomised parallel clinical study conducted in 2010. Participants were smokers willing to quit who were ...
- - 2012
The ISFA wishes to acknowledge the following 2012 Corporate Sponsors.
Platow Michael J - - 2012
Abstract  In both a laboratory experiment (in Australia) using university as the basis of group membership, and a scenario experiment (in India) using religion as the basis of group membership, we observe more favourable respect and fairness ratings in response to an in-group authority than an out-group authority who administers ...
Nishiyama T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The anesthetic conserving device (AnaConDa) is a disposable vaporizer that can save consumption of inhalational anesthetic used in low sevoflurane concentration. This study was performed to investigate whether AnaConDa when used at high sevoflurane concentration (1.5% to 2.0%) could save sevoflurane consumption and fasten emergence from anesthesia without any ...
Tay Yong-Kwang - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The pulsed dye laser (PDL) using varying fluences and pulse durations have been used to treat hemangiomas. This study aims to examine the efficacy and safety of the 595-nm PDL for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas using short (1.5-3 milliseconds) versus long (10 milliseconds) pulse durations and high fluences. ...
Bolla Eugenio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare bond failure and breakage rates of two types of bonded lingual orthodontic retainers (GFR and .0175" multistranded stainless steel wire [MST]) after a 6-year retention period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five young adults were randomly divided into two groups: 40 subjects received ...
Chen Yan - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the voiding pattern in < 4 week old newborns by 12h daytime observation periods. Methods:  Twenty-one healthy 1-28 d old newborns were included (10 full-term, 11 pre-term). The 12h free voiding parameters, including voiding frequency (VF), voiding volume (VV), post-voiding residual volumes (PRV) and status at voiding ...
Schiller Katherine R - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Relatively few studies have investigated pharmacological or behavioral treatment of smokeless tobacco (ST) users who do not have immediate quit plans. In this study, we compared a reduction treatment approach with an immediate cessation approach in a population of ST users who reported no immediate plans to quit. METHODS: ...
Mason W A - - 2012
An outbreak of severe lameness was reported on a 780-cow spring-calving dairy herd in the Manawatu region within 1-3 weeks of calving, which affected over 90% of a group of 150 dairy heifers. Approximately 3 weeks before the planned start of calving heifers had been fed maize and grass silage ...
Tsai Chung-Huang - - 2012
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) is a common tropical vegetable that has been used in traditional or folk medicine to treat diabetes. Wild bitter gourd (WBG) ameliorated metabolic syndrome (MetS) in animal models. We aimed to preliminarily evaluate the effect of WBG supplementation on MetS in Taiwanese adults. A preliminary ...
Pinar Erdem Arzu A Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate and to compare the effect of two fluoride varnishes and one fluoride/chlorhexidine varnish on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus biofilm formation, in vitro. Standard acrylic discs were prepared and divided into groups based on the varnish applied to the disc surface: Fluor ...
Yoon Jun Rho - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Thiopental is used to suppress cerebral metabolism during temporary clip ligation of the cerebral arteries. Electroencephalogram (EEG) can measure intraoperative burst suppression as evidence of cerebral metabolic suppression, but EEG is not always available during clip ligation. This study was conducted to compare the effect of propofol-based total intravenous ...
Crofoot Margaret Chatham - - 2012
In many social animals, group-mates cooperate to defend their range against intrusion by neighboring groups. Because group size tends to be highly variable, such conflicts are often asymmetric. Although numerical superiority is assumed to provide a competitive advantage, small groups can generally defend their ranges, even when greatly outnumbered. The ...
Hemmerling Thomas M - - 2011
Our goal in this study was to develop a robotic intubation system and to conduct a feasibility pilot study on the use of a robotic intubation system for endotracheal intubations. The Kepler Intubation System was developed, consisting of a remote control center (joystick and intubation cockpit) linked to a standard ...
Lou Edmond - - 2011
Many of the aches and pains of adults are the result of the long-term effects of bad posture or body misalignment. Postural kyphosis in adolescence, which is an excessive rounding of the upper spine, may be one of the effects of poor standing and sitting habits. A smart garment, consisting ...
Burke J M - - 2011
Alternatives to chemical dewormers are needed to counter anthelmintic resistance and improve worm control in organic management systems. The objective was to examine the effectiveness of grazing sericea lespedeza (SL) compared with grass pastures for control of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in lambs. In Experiment 1, Katahdin lambs grazed bermudagrass (BG; ...
Aydogdu Ozgu - - 2011
PURPOSE: Near infrared spectroscopy measures tissue oxygenation even when there is complete cessation of blood flow. We evaluated near infrared spectroscopy to diagnose testicular torsion and blindly compared its accuracy with that of Doppler ultrasound. We also compared it by immunohistochemical evaluation of hypoxia and cell viability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Hendlin Kari - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: To evaluate forces exerted on a stone with different ureteroscopic irrigation systems. Methods: A 3 mm steel simulated stone was welded to a 3F stone basket and inserted into the working channel of a 4.5F Wolf semirigid ureteroscope. The basket shaft was attached to a 50 g load cell. The ...
Valsky Dan V - - 2011
Objective: To compare the outcomes of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) cases treated with fetoscopic laser coagulation of vascular anastomoses before 25 + 6 weeks of gestation and between 26 and 28 weeks of gestation. Material and Methods: 28 consecutive cases of TTTS at Quintero stages II-IV treated with laser therapy ...
Stalberg Katharina - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Second-trimester anhydramnios is incompatible with survival unless amniotic fluid volume is restored. We describe the long-term outcome of a child with documented anhydramnios at 17 weeks. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old gravida II had anhydramnios at 17 weeks. At 19 weeks, the bladder measured 12 cm, and karyotype was XY. At ...
Fik Christoph P - - 2011
Polyoxazolines with a biocidal quarternary ammonium end-group are potent biocides. Interestingly, the antimicrobial activity of the whole macromolecule is controlled by the nature of the group at the distal end. These non-reactive groups are usually introduced via the initiator. Here, we present a study with a series of polymethyloxazolines with ...
Dantas Antônio Flávio M - - 2011
To determine the teratogenic effect of Mimosa tenuiflora, the green fresh plant was administered ad libitum to 12 goats (Group 1) from day 1 to day 30 of gestation. Upon ultrasonographic examination, on day 30, not one of these goats was pregnant, demonstrating that M. tenuiflora causes embryonic death. Six goats (Group 2) ingested M. ...
Tabri Nassim - - 2011
In this extension of the social identity model of collective action (SIMCA; Van Zomeren, Postmes, & Spears, 2008), group expectancies are an intervening construct for the impact of group identification, perceived group inefficacy, and perceived group injustice on normative collective action. In addition to the SIMCA path from greater group ...
- - 2011
The ISFA wishes to acknowledge the following 2011 Corporate Sponsors.
Gomez-Lara Josep - - 2011
This study sought to compare the neointimal response of metallic everolimus drug-eluting stents (DES) and polymeric everolimus bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) by optical coherence tomography at 1 year. DES decrease the risk of restenosis by reducing the neointimal response. However, DES may impair strut coverage, and this has been associated ...
Joseph Anne M AM Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55414, USA. - - 2011
Tobacco dependence disorder is a chronic relapsing condition, yet treatment is delivered in discrete episodes of care that yield disappointing long-term quit rates. We conducted a randomized controlled trial from June 1, 2004, through May 31, 2009, to compare telephone-based chronic disease management (1 year; longitudinal care [LC]) with evidence-based ...
Varcoe R L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to create an ovine arteriovenous fistula (AVF) model which would closely replicate a human forearm fistula and use this to quantify the degree of intimal hyperplasia in those created with the U-Clip compared to a conventional sutured anastomosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty AVFs ...
Bono Roberto - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the concentration of formaldehyde in air and the alkylation of hemoglobin to form a terminal N-methylenvaline residue in three occupationally exposed groups: a) technicians of pathology wards, b) workers of the plastic laminates industry, and c) a control group. ...
Córdova Henry - - 2011
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the restoration of gastrointestinal motility after NOTES using capsule endoscopy (CE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty adult Yorkshire pigs were randomly assigned to four groups: transgastric NOTES (gNOTES), transrectal NOTES (rNOTES), transvaginal NOTES (vNOTES), and laparoscopy (LAP). At the end of a ...
Shen Shu-Zhong - - 2011
The end-Permian mass extinction was the most severe biodiversity crisis in earth history. To better constrain the timing, and ultimately the causes of this event, we collected a suite of geochronologic, isotopic, and biostratigraphic data on several well-preserved sedimentary sections in South China. High-precision U-Pb dating reveals that the extinction ...
Trierweiler Jaqueline - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical allodynia in animals after immobilization and chiropractic manipulation using the Activator instrument (Activator Methods International, Phoenix, Ariz) through the Von Frey test in an animal model that had its hind limb immobilized as a form to induce mechanical allodynia. Eighteen ...
Cingi Cemal - - 2011
Rhinosinusitis is a common disorder and its treatment includes a variety of topical and systemic drugs. This study was designed to determine the histopathological effect of thymoquinone on experimentally induced rhinosinusitis in rats. Sixty rats were randomly allocated into 3 test and 2 control groups, each of which consisted of ...
Montoya R Matthew - - 2011
Two studies explored the influence of group identification and the functional relations between groups on outgroup liking. In a laboratory study, Study 1 (N = 112) found that outgroup liking was highest when group identification was high and relations between groups were cooperative, but outgroup liking was lowest when group ...
Nigro Carlos E N - - 2011
Acoustic rhinometry is more accurate in the anterior portion of the nasal cavities, from the nostril to the nasal valve (NV), the most important site of nasal obstruction. Literature presents different opinions regarding the anatomical correlation of the two notches at the beginning of the rhinogram curve in normal adult ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >