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Schnabel William W a University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center , Fairbanks , Alaska , - - 2015
Woody vegetation cultivated for moisture management on evapotranspiration (ET) landfill covers could potentially serve a secondary function as a biomass crop. However, research is required to evaluate the extent to which trees could be harvested from ET covers without significantly impacting their moisture management function. This study investigated the drainage ...
Yuan Cheng-Song - - 2014
BackgroundThere are many existing operative approaches for subtalar fusion; however, no optional strategy of operative approach has been developed yet. This study aimed to analyze the differential clinical efficacy of subtalar fusion with three operative approaches.MethodsThe clinical data of 102 patients from April 2008 to April 2012 were analyzed prospectively. ...
Küçükaslan I I İbrahim Küçükaslan, Dicle University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 21280 Kampus/Diyarbakir, Turkey, Email: - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the endometrium by using echotexture parameters during and after treatment of endometritis with intrauterine administration of an intrauterine antiseptic solution (Lotagen®, 3% metacresolsulphonic acid and formaldehyde) in cows which became pregnant after treatment. Material and methods: According to the ...
Steinberg Christian C Institut universitaire de cardiologie et pneumologie de Québec (IUCPQ), Division of electrophysiology, 2725, chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec, QC, G1V 4G5, Canada, - - 2014
Riata(TM) defibrillation leads are susceptible to conductor externalization. The point prevalence of insulation defect in Riata(TM) leads is up to 33 %, but prospective data concerning incidence of new lead abnormalities are lacking. The purpose of our study was to determine the annual incidence of new conductor externalizations and electrical lead ...
Rohde Cláudia C Centro Acadêmico de Vitória, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Humana e Meio Ambiente, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Vitória de Santo Antão, PE, - - 2014
Brazil has a high diversity of flies of the genus Drosophila, and part of this richness is represented by the cardini group. We analyzed the fluctuations in the richness and abundance of this group, in environments that had never previously been studied in the northeastern region of Brazil. Among the ...
Donnelly Alison A Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, 53201, USA, - - 2014
Effective ecosystem functioning relies on successful species interaction. However, this delicate balance may be disrupted if species do not respond to environmental change at a similar rate. Here we examine trends in the timing of spring phenophases of groups of species occupying three trophic levels as a potential indicator of ...
Bianco Assunta A Institute of Neurology, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2014
Background: To evaluate efficacy and safety of fingolimod for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, particularly in patients previously exposed to natalizumab. Method: Prospective observational single-centre second-line cohort study. Results: Among 71 patients treated with fingolimod 0.5 mg/day for a mean duration of 21.75 ± 12.60 months, the annualized relapse rate was 0.66 ...
Wilhelm Susan L SL University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Nursing-West Nebraska Division , Scottsbluff, Nebraska , - - 2014
Although most Hispanic/Latino-American mothers initiate breastfeeding, duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding remain low. We explored whether a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention could help rural Mexican-American mothers continue breastfeeding. We used a two-group (MI intervention n = 26, attention control [AC] n = 27) repeated measures experimental design. Assessments and interventions occurred at 3 days, ...
Pérez-Marín Carlos Carmelo CC University of Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery Ctra Madrid-Cádiz km 396 14071 Córdoba - - 2014
This trial evaluated the reproductive performance in an early routine oestrus induction programme using two different PGF2α preparations in dairy cattle. D-cloprostenol sodium (n = 192; Group A) or dinoprost (n = 187; Group B) was administered between days 35 and 42 post partum. Also, a group of non-treated cows ...
Dexue Liu L Department of endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Hen Nan Province, China / Department of endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Nanyang Medical College, Hen Nan Province, - - 2014
To explore the reasonable treatment scheme of salmon calciteonin in the treatment of elderly women with type 2 diabetes complicated with osteoporosis, patients were randomly divided into Group A, B and C, and they were given the salmon calcitonin every time 50 IU, subcutaneous injection. The Group A were 1 ...
Sahu Sk S a Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences , Massey University . Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North , New - - 2014
Abstract AIM: To evaluate the conception rate to fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI) of two oestrus synchronisation programmes in dairy heifers on eight farms over 2 years. The study was conducted in 2008 and 2010 on eight farms near Palmerston North, New Zealand. Nulliparous Friesian and Friesian x Jersey heifers ...
Thyagarajan Balamurugan B Neonatal Unit, Princess Anne Hospital, Coxford Road, Southampton, United - - 2014
The safety and efficacy of enteral feeding during hypothermia treatment following hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy has not been studied before, resulting in variations in practice. Our study compared the benefits and safety of both early minimal and delayed enteral feeding during hypothermia treatment. Our retrospective cohort study,from January 2009 to December ...
Kehl S S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erlangen University Hospital, Erlangen, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of inducing labour using a double-balloon catheter and oral misoprostol sequentially, in comparison with oral misoprostol alone. A multicentre randomised controlled trial. Five hospitals in Germany. A total of 326 pregnant women with an unfavourable cervix undergoing labour induction at term. Women were randomly assigned according ...
Abdelrahman Wael W BIOMIN Holding GmbH, Herzogenburg, Austria 3130 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt - - 2014
The annual financial loss to the poultry industry as a result of coccidiosis has been estimated at about US $3 billion. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of probiotics and salinomycin as feed additives on performance and coccidiosis control in male broilers raised to ...
Shirima Candida P CP Division of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom; Department of Food Science and Technology, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro; and Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority (TFDA), Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Aflatoxin and fumonisin are toxic food contaminants. Knowledge about effects of their exposure and co-exposure on child growth is inadequate. To investigate the association between child growth and aflatoxin and fumonisin exposure in Tanzania. A total of 166 children were recruited at 6 to 14 months of age and studied ...
Leoci Raffaella R Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), Section of Veterinary Clinic and Animal Production, University of Bari Aldo Moro, SP per Casamassima km 3, Valenzano, 70010, BA, Italy. - - 2014
Canine overpopulation is a global issue with serious health and welfare implications. Nonsurgical methods of sterilization could yield positive impacts on this problem, but no long-term data on such methods are available. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the effects of intratesticular injections of calcium chloride dihydrate ...
Wang Shengjie S Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang, 050051, Hebei, China, - - 2014
This animal study aimed to investigate whether early reduction in patellar subluxation could minimize femoral trochlear dysplasia in growing rabbits. Sixty rabbits were divided into four groups (N = 30 knees/group). The control group underwent no surgical procedures. The rabbits in the three experimental groups underwent surgical patellar subluxation. Those in the ...
Jeon Joonpyo J Department of Anesthesiology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Two types of material are used to manufacture double-lumen endobronchial tubes (DLTs): Polyvinylchloride (PVC) and silicon. PVC DLTs (Broncho-Cath) and silicon DLTs (Silbroncho) not only differ in material, but also subtly differ in structure. The goal of this study was to determine whether the incidences of postoperative sore throat and ...
Coenen Pieter P Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Physical exposures (eg, lifting or bending) are believed to be risk factors for low-back pain (LBP), but the literature is inconsistent. Exposure and LBP prevalence differ considerably between occupations, and exposure-outcome associations could be severely modified by the presence of particular occupational groups. We aimed to investigate the influence of ...
Bostanci Seher S *Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey; †Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Prof. Dr. Celal Ertug Etimesgut State Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Chemical matricectomy with sodium hydroxide is a method being used successfully in the treatment of ingrown toenail. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate long-term recurrence rates after chemical matricectomy using sodium hydroxide application of different durations. Two hundred two patients with ingrown nail edges were treated with either ...
Numanoğlu Kemal Varim KV Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bülent Ecevit University, Kozlu, Zonguldak 67600, - - 2014
Current treatment strategies against the development of corrosive esophageal strictures remain unsatisfactory. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of keratinocyte growth factor, in the form of palifermin, for the prevention of stricture development following esophageal caustic injuries in a rat model. A total of ...
Wang Ying Y Associate Professor at the Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, - - 2014
Post-disaster recovery is a constantly changing and developing process. The authors conducted three real-name follow-up surveys at 1, 12 and 18 months after the Yao'an earthquake, which had a surface wave magnitude of 6.0. They also calculated recovery ratios at different times and drew post-earthquake domestic life recovery curves. Based ...
Crane Andrea K AK From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel - - 2014
The primary objective of this study was to compare the short-term rate of mesh exposure after a robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSCP) compared with those after RSCP with a concomitant hysterectomy. Secondary objectives included a comparison of mesh exposure from total hysterectomies (TH) versus supracervical hysterectomies (SCH) and determination of risk factors ...
Sándor Gábor L - - 2014
To evaluate and compare the mechanical properties of anterior capsule openings performed with the continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) technique and femtosecond laser capsulotomy (FLC) in ex vivo porcine lens capsule specimens. Fresh porcine eyes were included in the study (CCC group, n = 50; FLC group, n = 30). The ...
Barrio Pablo - - 2014
Our main objective was to test the feasibility of adding motivational interviewing to the usual smoking cessation treatment for patients with psychiatric disorders attending a day hospital. A total of 44 patients participated in the study: a comparison group of 25 patients, all of whom received the usual smoking cessation ...
Pibarot Philippe P Québec Heart and Lung Institute/Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Laval University, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the incidence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and its impact on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The objectives of this study were: 1) to compare the incidence of PPM in the TAVR and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) randomized control trial (RCT) arms of the ...
Jia Qilei Q People's Hospital of Qingbaijiang District, Urology, Chengdu, Sichuan, China ; - - 2014
Objective To explore the role of a new urethral sheath in transurethral lithotripsy for the bladder calculi. Methods The 120 cases with BS models were divided into three groups.One stone was placed in the bladder for each case. A total of 40 cases were included in each group. Then, the ...
Chaffin Brian C BC College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, 104 CEOAS Administration Building, Corvallis, OR, 97331-5503, USA, - - 2014
Collaborative watershed group experiences reveal commonalities in their approaches to facilitate decentralized and inclusive watershed planning and management in the United States, and increasingly around the world. Although watershed groups are widely recognized in the United States for positive accomplishments across local, state, and regional scales, the role of government ...
Ebrahimzadeh Mohammad H MH Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Long-term consequences and the activities of daily living of bilateral lower limb amputation are not well documented. The aims of our study were to identify the long-term effects of bilateral lower extremity amputations on daily activities and understand how these amputees cope with their mobility assistive devices. Cross-sectional study. A ...
Munteanu Shannon E SE Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Podiatry, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Lower Extremity & Gait Studies Program, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of customised foot orthoses in chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. This was a participant-blinded, parallel-group randomised controlled trial at a single centre (La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia). One hundred and forty participants aged 18-55 years with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy were randomised to receive eccentric calf muscle exercises with ...
Kaynar A A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on rat muscles during tibial distraction osteogenesis (DO) at normal and hyperdistraction rates. Animals in groups 1 and 2 were distracted by 0.5mm/day and those in groups 3 and 4 by 1mm/day. Groups 2 and 4 received HBOT during distraction. Group ...
Abe K K Kamioka Observatory, Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kamioka, Gifu 506-1205, Japan and Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583, - - 2014
We present the results of searches for nucleon decay via n→ν[over ¯]π^{0} and p→ν[over ¯]π^{+} using data from a combined 172.8  kt·yr exposure of Super-Kamiokande-I,-II, and-III. We set lower limits on the partial lifetime for each of these modes: τ_{n→ν[over ¯]π^{0}}>1.1×10^{33} years and τ_{p→ν[over ¯]π^{+}}>3.9×10^{32} years at a 90% confidence level.
Nichols S S Department of Sport, Health & Exercise Science, University of Hull, Kingston-upon-Hull, - - 2014
Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) measurements provide a non-invasive assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to assess the inter- and intra-observer variability of automated C-IMT measurements undertaken by two novice operators using the Panasonic CardioHealth Station. Participants were free from cardio-metabolic disease, and each underwent serial bilateral ...
Bates N N Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), Medical Toxicology and Information Services, Mary Sheridan House, 13 St Thomas Street, London SE1 9RY, - - 2014
Benzalkonium chloride is commonly found in household products. This retrospective study examined 245 cases of feline exposure to benzalkonium chloride-containing products reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS). A single route of exposure was reported in 188 cats (ingestion 126, skin 58, buccal 4); 57 cats had multiple routes. ...
Baijnath Sooraj S Department of Physiology, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
In order to address the gap in our understanding of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PE, we optimized the NOS inhibition animal model by comparing changes in different parameters at various time frames during pregnancy, in both early and late-onset PE. 120 nulliparous Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups ...
Kim Sang-Min SM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan, University School of Medicine, Changwon, South - - 2014
We aimed to clarify whether the increase in medial gap after medial release is influenced by the retention or sacrifice of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) during navigation-assisted total knee arthroplasty. After matched pairs were done according to the equality of preoperative varus deformity and medial collateral laxity, 54 knees of ...
Edwards S A A SA School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study compared pregnancy rates (PRs) and costs per calf born after fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) or AI after estrus detection (i.e., estrus detection and AI, EDAI), before and after a single PGF2α treatment in Bos indicus (Brahman-cross) heifers. On Day 0, the body weight, body condition score, and presence ...
Gietzelt Matthias M Peter L. Reichertz Institute for Medical Informatics, University of Braunschweig - Institute of Technology and Hannover Medical School , Braunschweig , Germany - - 2014
Aim of this study was to make a fall prognosis in a cohort of older people with dementia in short-term (2 month), mid-term (4 month) and long-term (8 month) intervals using accelerometry during the subjects' everyday life. The study was designed as a longitudinal cohort study. The subjects were recruited ...
Gelani R - - 2014
SUMMARY This study assessed the ability of an infiltrant resin (Icon, DMG Chemisch-Pharmazeutische Fabrik GmbH, Hamburg, Germany) to prevent artificial lesion progression in vitro when used to impregnate white spot lesions and also assessed the effect of saliva contamination on resin infiltration. Enamel specimens (n=252) were prepared and covered with ...
Visel D D Department of Orthodontics, Dentofacial Orthopedics and Pedodontics, Charité - Center for Dentistry, Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery, Assmannshauser Str. 4-6, 14197, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
The goal of this work was to compare the demineralization of enamel associated with two different self-etching primers and traditional acid etching. A total of 15 volunteers (23-32 years, 8 male and 7 female) were provided with a removable archwire/resin appliance to be worn 20 h/day for 28 days. The device was attached to ...
Whitbeck Evan R ER Naval Postgraduate Dental School, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether rotary instrumentation using saline, EDTA 17% solution, or RC-Prep (Premier Dental, Philadelphia, PA) resulted in differences in root canal transportation. The secondary objective was to assess if instrumentation using these agents caused changes in the working length and canal volume. Moderately ...
Serra Mario R MR Centre for Research and Transfer in Acoustics (CINTRA), Unit Associated of CONICET, National Technological University (UTN), Cordoba Regional Faculty, Cordoba, - - 2014
Adolescent exposure to loud music has become a social and health problem whose study demands a holistic approach. The aims of the current study are: (1) To detect early noise-induced hearing loss among adolescents and establish its relationship with their participation in musical recreational activities and (2) to determine sound ...
Hong Ji Hee JH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Daegu, - - 2014
Infrequent but serious complications of transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) occur due to inadvertent intravascular injections. A few studies reported that the different needle types can influence on the occurrences of intravascular incidence in TFESI. This study prospectively evaluated whether short-bevel needle can reduce the incidences of intravascular injection of ...
Chaweerat Ranoo - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of parent manipulation on newborns with postural clubfoot, as compared to newborns that receive no treatment in a randomized controlled trial. Ninety-two healthy newborns, including 40 boys and 52 girls, (169 postural clubfeet, including 77 with bilaterally involvement) were ...
Ramirez-Venegas Alejandra A Instituto Nacional De Enfermdades Rspiratorias Isnmael Cosio Villegas, Departamento de Investigacion en Tabaquismo y EPOC, Mexico City, Mexico ; - - 2014
Rationale: Biomass exposure is an important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, the time-course behavior of FEV1 in subjects exposed to biomass is unknown. Objective: We undertook this study to determine the FEV1 rate decline in subjects exposed to biomass. Methods: Pulmonary function was assessed every year in ...
Ahmed Magdy R MR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University,Ismailia, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the effect of prophylactic corticosteroids administration at 37 weeks before term elective CS in reducing neonatal respiratory morbidity and admission to NICU. Methods: This randomized trial was conducted focusing on women subjected to term elective CS. Women who were eligible for the study were divided into ...
Severson Herbert H HH Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR; - - 2014
Relatively few treatment programs have been developed specifically for smokeless tobacco (ST) users who want to quit. Their results suggest that self-help materials, telephone counseling, and nicotine lozenges are efficacious. This study provides the first direct examination of the separate and combined effects of telephone counseling and lozenges. One thousand ...
Mirza Saira Saeed SS Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Coffee consumption has been frequently reported for its protective association with incident dementia. However, this association has mostly been reported in studies with short follow-up periods, and it remains unclear to what extent reverse causality influences this association. Studying the long-term effect of coffee consumption on dementia with stratified follow-up ...
Bouhlal Sofia S CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Present affiliation: Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
Children's vegetable intake is far below the recommended amounts. No studies to date have tested the relevance of using salt or spices to increase children's vegetable acceptance. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of repeated exposure to that of flavor-flavor learning, on the acceptance of a ...
Tan Mehmet M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Inonu University Medical Faculty, Malatya, - - 2014
There is no consensus on duration of the nasal splint after nasal septum surgeries. The pressure of nasal splint on the mucosa may cause tissue necrosis and nasal septum perforation. To investigate the histopathological changes of the nasal mucosa caused by nasal splints in a rabbit model. No splint was ...
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