Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1288
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Cui Ji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mesh reconstruction has been proved to be an effective method in incisional hernia repairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of reconstructing the pelvic floor with the high-inlay expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) GORE-TEX Dual Mesh (WLGore And Associates, Flagstuff, USA) in abdominoperineal resection. METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent ...
Spada Cristiano - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Small-bowel contents can hamper the quality of video-capsule endoscopy (VCE). No standardized protocol has been proposed and overnight fasting remains the proposed preparation for VCE. AIMS: The aim was to evaluate the effects of 2 regimens of bowel preparation on small intestine cleansing, diagnostic yield and capsule transit times. ...
Saito Kumiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The management of acute intestinal bleeding is not standardized. The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable method of bowel preparation for urgent colonoscopy. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and forty patients admitted with acute lower intestinal bleeding (ALIB) to our Hospital (April 1998 to March 2004) were ...
Elphick David A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Colonoscopy can be uncomfortable. To increase safety, there is a trend, in the UK, towards reduced sedative use. We aimed to determine factors predictive of discomfort during colonoscopy. METHODS: Prospectively recruited patients were asked to grade anticipated discomfort on a Numeric Rating Scale ranging from 0 to 10. Discomfort ...
Yoon Soon Ho - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare and find the optimal combination of bowel preparation regimens and different concentrations of barium-based fecal-tagging agents on computed tomographic colonography in terms of tagging efficacy, patients' compliance, and diagnostic performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into 4 groups according to ...
Al-Muqbel Kusai M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of gallbladder emptying variables in chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC). The variables investigated were latent period, gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) and patterns of gallbladder emptying. In addition, two other biliary system motility variables were investigated including the onset ...
Wi Jun-Hwan - - 2009
The ability to visualize the small bowel mucosa by capsule endoscopy is limited. Moreover, studies involving small-bowel preparation with purgative drugs have failed to establish which preparations produce better images and higher diagnostic yields. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacies and diagnostic yields of different bowel ...
Campanella Delia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the computed tomographic colonography (CTC) image quality and patient acceptance of three iodine-based faecal tagging bowel preparations in 60 patients undergoing the following regimens: a 2-day regimen of meal-time administration of iodine and phospho-soda (GFPH); a 2-day regimen of meal-time mild ...
Liedenbaum Marjolein H - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare a 1-day with a 2-day iodine bowel preparation for CT colonography in a positive faecal occult blood test (FOBT) screening population. One hundred consecutive patients underwent CT colonography and colonoscopy with segmental unblinding. The first 50 patients (group 1) ingested 7 50 ...
Luigiano Carmelo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The most common complication of polypectomy is hemorrhage, and various techniques have been used to prevent this complication. AIM: This study evaluates the outcomes of endoclip-assisted polypectomy in patients with large pedunculated colorectal polyps, in comparison with a historical control group of patients treated with endoloop-assisted polypectomy. METHODS: Between ...
Chen Shuang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The biofragmentable anastomosis ring (BAR) is a simple alternative device to create intestinal anastomosis. Our study was designed to evaluate the clinical value of BAR in intestinal anastomosis. METHODS: A total of 167 patients performed intestinal anastomosis from January 2002 to February 2006 were randomized to BAR group (n ...
Muhammad Adnan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Anemia although a frequent problem in all age groups, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Despite standard endoscopic diagnostic evaluations with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy, up to 30% of patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are without a definitive diagnosis. Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) ...
Jensch Sebastiaan - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare participant experience and preference of limited preparation computed tomography colonography (CTC) with full-preparation colonoscopy in a consecutive series of patients at increased risk of colorectal cancer. CTC preparation comprised 180 ml diatrizoate meglumine, 80 ml barium and 30 mg bisacodyl. For ...
Chan Michael Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: One objective of colonoscopy is to identify and remove polyps-this process requires attention to detail and prolonged concentration. Providers are predisposed to cognitive errors because the procedure is often performed repetitively throughout the day. We measured the adjusted relationship between colonoscopy start time and polyp yield. METHODS: ...
Humm Karen R KR Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, The Royal Veterinary College, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, - - 2009
Objective - To quantify the frequency of adverse events occurring during or post pericardiocentesis and to determine if adverse events are related to the cause of the pericardial effusion or frequency of pericardiocentesis. Design - Retrospective study. Setting - Referral hospital. Animals, Intervention and Measurements - Medical records of 85 ...
Bream-Rouwenhorst Heather R - - 2009
The efficacy, safety, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, drug-drug interactions, and administration of alvimopan for postoperative ileus are reviewed. Alvimopan is a selective mu-opioid receptor antagonist with no central nervous system activity. When orally administered after partial small- or large-bowel resection in patients with primary anastomosis, alvimopan shortened the return of bowel function ...
Cremers Marie Isabelle - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: good colonic preparation is essential to perform a complete and safe colonoscopy. The preparation used in the Endoscopy Unit was adopted after testing it against the classic 4-liter polyethylene glicol (PEG) preparation (Klean-Prep). Recently a new 3-liter PEG preparation was commercialised in Portugal, Endo-Falk, which appeared to be simpler ...
Larciprete Giovanni - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the feasibility of preoperative ultrasound evaluation of the umbilical region in patients undergoing laparoscopy with a previous history of abdominal surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-1). SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Fatebenefratelli Isola Tiberina Hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-five women with a previous history ...
Bhatty Shaheen Ayoob - - 2009
To compare the acceptable colonoscopy completion rates in three successive audits, identifying the reasons for failure of completion and rectifying them to improve the performance at our endoscopy unit. Study was conducted at Endoscopy unit of Medical Unit One Civil Hospital Karachi. The first audit was conducted retrospectively on the ...
El-Hodhod M A - - 2010
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) has different clinical presentations according to age. The study aimed to evaluate the extent of CMA as a cause of pediatric constipation and determine the appropriate timing of tolerance to cow milk in such patients. The study included 60 patients suffering from chronic functional constipation, 27 ...
Serclov?? Zuzana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown the value of using fast-track postoperative recovery. Standard procedures (non-fast-track strategies) remain in common use for perioperative care. Few prospective reports exist on the outcome of fast-tracking in Central Europe. The aim of our study was to assess the effect and safety of our own fast-track ...
Abd-El-Maeboud K H I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of postoperative gum chewing on the recovery of bowel motility after caesarean section. DESIGN: A randomised controlled study. SETTING: Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt. POPULATION: A total of 200 pregnant women delivered by elective caesarean section (CS) under general anaesthesia. METHODS: ...
Karayanni Hera - - 2010
Colonization and succession of an epibiotic animal community on chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood were studied for 18 months in the eastern Mediterranean (Saronikos Gulf, Aegean Sea). Pine wood panels, 200 x 100 x 25 mm, impregnated with CCA at retentions of 0, 12, 24, and 48 kg m(-3) were ...
Sanaka Madhusudhan R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of colonoscopy in preventing colon cancer depends on adenoma detection and removal. Adequacy of bowel preparation, careful mucosal visualization, and adequate withdrawal time are known to affect adenoma detection rate (ADR). Physician fatigue, which usually increases as the day progresses, might impair ADR. The aim of this ...
The Frans O - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Although postoperative ileus (POI) is considered multifactorial, intestinal inflammation resulting from manipulation-induced mast cell activation is recognized as an important pathophysiological mechanism. Therefore, mast cell stabilization may represent a new therapeutic approach to shortening POI. The aim of this paper was to study the effect of ketotifen, a mast ...
Kanno Yoshihide - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is often difficult to insert a long intestinal tube in the small bowel of patients with bowel obstruction, and it often results in long procedure time and severe patient distress. OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of the ropeway method by using a guidewire placed with the assistance of ...
Qureshi Usman - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine advantages and disadvantages of postoperative nasogastric intubation after small bowel anastomosis. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Surgical Unit-I, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, from December 2003 to December 2006. METHODOLOGY: A total of 112 patients, undergoing small bowel anastomosis were equally divided in group ...
Matsuda Takahisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The National Polyp Study is used as the basis of recommendations for colonoscopic surveillance after polypectomy, establishing an interval of 3 years after removal of newly diagnosed adenomas. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to estimate the incidence of advanced neoplasia after initial colonoscopy and compare the ...
Aihara Hiroyuki - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to compare the performance and safety of the newly developed sodium phosphate (NaP) tablet (with and without laxatives) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), as bowel-cleansing regimens prior to colonoscopy. METHODS: A total of 35 patients were randomized to one of the following three ...
Farid Mohammed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that gastrografin can be used for diagnosis of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) and for assessing the need for surgical intervention. However, several studies have reported conflicting results. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of gastrografin in ...
Irkorucu Oktay - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate may be a good alternative in ischemic colon anastomosis without impairment of tissue perfusion. METHODS: Forty male Wistar albino rats were randomized into four experimental groups (n = 10 in each group). In group 1 (control), a well-perfused left colonic segment was transected, and free ends were anastomosed ...
Rao Satish S C - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Colonic transit time (CTT) traditionally is assessed with radiopaque markers (ROMs), which requires radiation and is hindered by lack of standardization and compliance. We assessed regional and CTT with the SmartPill (SmartPill Corporation, Buffalo, NY), a new wireless pH and pressure recording capsule, in constipated and healthy ...
Grieci Tanya - - 2009
PURPOSE: Despite a rising worldwide incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), few data exist on Canadian children. We reviewed the incidence of IBD in all children 17 years or younger in Southwestern Ontario. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review from 1997 to 2006 revealed 123 children with IBD. Patients were ...
Sun Xiao-Guang XG Department of Nuclear Medicine, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200127, - - 2009
Our aim was to compare the effect of orally taken 1% diatrizoate meglumine, 5% mannitol and water before positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT) scan on gastrointestinal tract delineation and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake. Our methods were as follows: Sixty-one patients referred for PET/CT scan without gastrointestinal diseases were divided into three ...
Santos Mar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of therapy with racecadotril plus oral rehydration versus oral rehydration alone in children with gastroenteritis in an outpatient setting care. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, open and parallel study performed in a Pediatric Emergency Service of a tertiary care hospital. The study included 189 patients, ages ...
Nagata Koichi - - 2009
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To compare prospectively 64-detector-row computed tomographic colonography (CTC) after a full-laxative tagging-based preparation (full preparation) with a minimum-laxative tagging-based preparation (minimum preparation) with respect to diagnostic performance in the detection of polyps, tagging quality, and patient acceptance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive 101 patients at high risk for ...
Vradelis Stergios S Gastroenterology Department, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford, United - - 2009
To prospectively investigate the effectiveness and patient's tolerance of two low-cost bowel cleansing preparation protocols based on magnesium citrate only or the combination of magnesium citrate and senna. A total of 342 patients who were referred for colonoscopy underwent a colon cleansing protocol with magnesium citrate alone (n = 160) ...
Cavuşoğlu Y H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of gum chewing to standardized postoperative care is associated with a significantly earlier return of bowel function compared to simple postoperative management in children with intestinal anastomosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. All ...
Caglar Esber - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 can be detected in the oral cavity after discontinuation of administration of a product prepared with this bacterium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of three 2-week periods: clearance period, intervention period, and post-treatment period. Twenty-five ...
Kumar P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Nonoperative measures using an oral water soluble contrast agent is a significant development in the management of patients with postoperative small bowel obstruction. METHODS: In this prospective randomised trial, patients were randomised into two groups: Group A patients were given an oral water soluble contrast agent and Group B ...
Martí-Bonmatí Luis - - 2009
A clean bowel environment is essential prior to radiological assessment of the colon. The objectives were to determine patient compliance and acceptability, physician satisfaction, overall clinical effectiveness and tolerability with the use of oral sodium phosphates (Fosfosoda) and polyethylene glycol solutions as bowel cleansing agents in a relatively large cohort ...
Davis Ryan P - - 2009
PURPOSE: The prenatal or postnatal factors that predict complex gastroschisis in patients (atresia, volvulus, necrotic bowel and bowel perforation) remain controversial. We evaluated the prognostic value of prenatal ultrasonographic parameters and early postnatal factors in predicting clinical outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed maternal and neonatal records of 46 gastroschisis patients treated ...
Elemen Levent - - 2009
PURPOSE: The present study aims to compare strength, healing, and operation time of experimental intestinal anastomoses performed by polyglactin 910 (Vicryl; Ethicon, Edinburgh, United Kingdom) sutures with ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue (Pattex; Henkel, Dusseldorf, Germany). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 (groups E and L). Each group was ...
Qin Ming-wei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical values of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) in diagnosis of colonic polyps. METHODS: Forty-two patients who were clinically suspicious of colonic polyps or underwent colonic polyps screening received examinations with both CTC and conventional colonoscopy. Sixteen- or 64-slice spiral computed tomography and professional imaging processing techniques ...
Pittet Olivier - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Until recently, it was accepted that the rate of complications and failure of medical therapy were higher during recurrent episodes of diverticulitis. New data and new interpretation of older studies have challenged this opinion. The aim of the present study was to determine whether recurrent diverticulitis in comparison with ...
Sieg Andreas - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with colonoscopy was introduced into the National Cancer Prevention Program in Germany in 2002. As compliance for screening is low (around 3% per year), colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) could be an alternative approach. In this study, feasibility and performance of CCE were evaluated in comparison ...
Sonoda A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intra-arterial administration of edaravone after superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thromboembolism in a rabbit model. 24 Japanese white rabbits were randomly allocated to a urokinase group (group U) and a urokinase with edaravone group (group E). A further three rabbits, ...
Slim Karem - - 2009
Earlier meta-analyses of small randomized trials suggested that mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) should be omitted before colorectal surgery because it does not affect complication rates 0 mortality and may be even harmful; however, more recent large randomized trials suggested an increased occurrence of pelvic abscesses in the absence of MBP. ...
Demoulin Stéphanie - - 2009
People tend to infra-humanize by attributing more human essence to their in-group than to out-groups. In the present article, we focus on the attribution of primary and secondary emotions to operationalize the human essence. We propose that, in order to infra-humanize, people need to be categorized in meaningful groups. In ...
Neuss Heiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: We performed an experimental study in a rabbit model to investigate the effects of a selective Cox-2 inhibitor (Valdecoxib) on anastomotic healing following large bowel resection after 1 week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into four groups and underwent a colon resection with end-to-end ...
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