Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1259
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Farid Mohammed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that gastrografin can be used for diagnosis of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) and for assessing the need for surgical intervention. However, several studies have reported conflicting results. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of gastrografin in ...
Irkorucu Oktay - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate may be a good alternative in ischemic colon anastomosis without impairment of tissue perfusion. METHODS: Forty male Wistar albino rats were randomized into four experimental groups (n = 10 in each group). In group 1 (control), a well-perfused left colonic segment was transected, and free ends were anastomosed ...
Rao Satish S C - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Colonic transit time (CTT) traditionally is assessed with radiopaque markers (ROMs), which requires radiation and is hindered by lack of standardization and compliance. We assessed regional and CTT with the SmartPill (SmartPill Corporation, Buffalo, NY), a new wireless pH and pressure recording capsule, in constipated and healthy ...
Grieci Tanya - - 2009
PURPOSE: Despite a rising worldwide incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), few data exist on Canadian children. We reviewed the incidence of IBD in all children 17 years or younger in Southwestern Ontario. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review from 1997 to 2006 revealed 123 children with IBD. Patients were ...
Sun Xiao-Guang XG Department of Nuclear Medicine, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200127, - - 2009
Our aim was to compare the effect of orally taken 1% diatrizoate meglumine, 5% mannitol and water before positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT) scan on gastrointestinal tract delineation and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake. Our methods were as follows: Sixty-one patients referred for PET/CT scan without gastrointestinal diseases were divided into three ...
Santos Mar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of therapy with racecadotril plus oral rehydration versus oral rehydration alone in children with gastroenteritis in an outpatient setting care. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, open and parallel study performed in a Pediatric Emergency Service of a tertiary care hospital. The study included 189 patients, ages ...
Nagata Koichi - - 2009
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To compare prospectively 64-detector-row computed tomographic colonography (CTC) after a full-laxative tagging-based preparation (full preparation) with a minimum-laxative tagging-based preparation (minimum preparation) with respect to diagnostic performance in the detection of polyps, tagging quality, and patient acceptance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive 101 patients at high risk for ...
Vradelis Stergios S Gastroenterology Department, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford, United - - 2009
To prospectively investigate the effectiveness and patient's tolerance of two low-cost bowel cleansing preparation protocols based on magnesium citrate only or the combination of magnesium citrate and senna. A total of 342 patients who were referred for colonoscopy underwent a colon cleansing protocol with magnesium citrate alone (n = 160) ...
Cavuşoğlu Y H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of gum chewing to standardized postoperative care is associated with a significantly earlier return of bowel function compared to simple postoperative management in children with intestinal anastomosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. All ...
Caglar Esber - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 can be detected in the oral cavity after discontinuation of administration of a product prepared with this bacterium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of three 2-week periods: clearance period, intervention period, and post-treatment period. Twenty-five ...
Kumar P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Nonoperative measures using an oral water soluble contrast agent is a significant development in the management of patients with postoperative small bowel obstruction. METHODS: In this prospective randomised trial, patients were randomised into two groups: Group A patients were given an oral water soluble contrast agent and Group B ...
Martí-Bonmatí Luis - - 2009
A clean bowel environment is essential prior to radiological assessment of the colon. The objectives were to determine patient compliance and acceptability, physician satisfaction, overall clinical effectiveness and tolerability with the use of oral sodium phosphates (Fosfosoda) and polyethylene glycol solutions as bowel cleansing agents in a relatively large cohort ...
Davis Ryan P - - 2009
PURPOSE: The prenatal or postnatal factors that predict complex gastroschisis in patients (atresia, volvulus, necrotic bowel and bowel perforation) remain controversial. We evaluated the prognostic value of prenatal ultrasonographic parameters and early postnatal factors in predicting clinical outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed maternal and neonatal records of 46 gastroschisis patients treated ...
Elemen Levent - - 2009
PURPOSE: The present study aims to compare strength, healing, and operation time of experimental intestinal anastomoses performed by polyglactin 910 (Vicryl; Ethicon, Edinburgh, United Kingdom) sutures with ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue (Pattex; Henkel, Dusseldorf, Germany). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 (groups E and L). Each group was ...
Qin Ming-wei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical values of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) in diagnosis of colonic polyps. METHODS: Forty-two patients who were clinically suspicious of colonic polyps or underwent colonic polyps screening received examinations with both CTC and conventional colonoscopy. Sixteen- or 64-slice spiral computed tomography and professional imaging processing techniques ...
Pittet Olivier - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Until recently, it was accepted that the rate of complications and failure of medical therapy were higher during recurrent episodes of diverticulitis. New data and new interpretation of older studies have challenged this opinion. The aim of the present study was to determine whether recurrent diverticulitis in comparison with ...
Sieg Andreas - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with colonoscopy was introduced into the National Cancer Prevention Program in Germany in 2002. As compliance for screening is low (around 3% per year), colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) could be an alternative approach. In this study, feasibility and performance of CCE were evaluated in comparison ...
Sonoda A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intra-arterial administration of edaravone after superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thromboembolism in a rabbit model. 24 Japanese white rabbits were randomly allocated to a urokinase group (group U) and a urokinase with edaravone group (group E). A further three rabbits, ...
Slim Karem - - 2009
Earlier meta-analyses of small randomized trials suggested that mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) should be omitted before colorectal surgery because it does not affect complication rates 0 mortality and may be even harmful; however, more recent large randomized trials suggested an increased occurrence of pelvic abscesses in the absence of MBP. ...
Demoulin Stéphanie - - 2009
People tend to infra-humanize by attributing more human essence to their in-group than to out-groups. In the present article, we focus on the attribution of primary and secondary emotions to operationalize the human essence. We propose that, in order to infra-humanize, people need to be categorized in meaningful groups. In ...
Neuss Heiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: We performed an experimental study in a rabbit model to investigate the effects of a selective Cox-2 inhibitor (Valdecoxib) on anastomotic healing following large bowel resection after 1 week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into four groups and underwent a colon resection with end-to-end ...
Almeida Nuno - - 2010
Clinical utility of prokinetics in capsule endoscopy (CE) is not clearly established. The objective of this prospective, randomized, single-blind, controlled trial was to determine if metoclopramide is useful in CE by increasing the rate of complete enteroscopy. Ninety-five patients referred for CE were randomized to no metoclopramide (group B, n ...
Postgate Aymer A Wolfson Unit for Endoscopy, St. Mark's Hospital, Imperial College London, UK. - - 2009
Capsule endoscopy (CE) is limited by incomplete small-bowel transit and poor view quality in the distal bowel. Currently, there is no consensus regarding the use of bowel purgatives or prokinetics in CE. To evaluate the usefulness of bowel purgatives and prokinetics in small-bowel CE. Prospective single-blind randomized controlled study. Academic ...
Nakamura Takatoshi - - 2009
PURPOSE: The short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for right-sided colon cancer remain largely uninvestigated. This study was undertaken to compare the morbidity and mortality after either a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (LRHC) or an open right hemicolectomy (ORHC) for this type of tumor. METHODS: The study group included 100 ...
Parente F - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mucosal healing (MH) after short-term medical treatment is being considered as an important step in the therapeutic work-up of inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD) patients due to the potential prognostic role of MH in predicting disease outcome. However, IBD patients are reluctant to be re-endoscoped during follow-up; therefore, ...
Birgisson Helgi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In 1996, all colorectal surgery in the county of Vastmanland, Sweden, was centralized to the central District Hospital in Vasterås. A Colorectal Unit was established and modern surgical procedures were introduced. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcome for patients treated surgically for distal sigmoid colonic ...
Beaulieu Dawn B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is no standard approach for the medical management of Crohn's disease (CD) during pregnancy and there is limited data regarding safety and efficacy of the treatments. Budesonide (Entocort EC, AstraZeneca) is an enteric coated locally acting glucocorticoid preparation whose pH- and time-dependent coating enables its release into the ...
Mearin Fermín - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) may appear after acute gastroenteritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible mechanisms (inflammation, visceral hypersensitivity, psychological and immunogenetic factors) related to the development of postinfectious (PI) FGID 3 years after a Salmonella outbreak. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Biopsies of the antrum, and ...
Tantiphlachiva Kasaya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of biofeedback therapy in management of bowel symptoms after definitive surgery for Hirschsprung's disease. METHODS: This study describes two cases that exemplify the complex nature of these problems. These patients presented with constipation and faecal seepage several years after receiving treatment for Hirschsprung's disease. The ...
Modi Biren P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) has been shown to improve bowel function in short bowel syndrome. The effect of the STEP procedure on intestinal motility is not known, but some have hypothesized that it could disrupt bowel innervation and thus impair intestinal motility. METHODS: Growing Yorkshire pigs (n = 7) ...
Emre Arif - - 2009
Abdominal surgery can lead to postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions (PIAAs) with significant morbidity and mortality. This study compares the use of honey with a standard bioresorbable membrane (SEPRAFILM) to prevent the formation of PIAAs in rats. Thirty rats underwent laparotomy, and PIAAs were induced by scraping the cecum. The animals were ...
Faaborg P M - - 2009
Long-term follow-up study. Short-term results find transanal colonic irrigation (TAI) favourable in the treatment of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD). Therefore, long-term results need to be described. Department of Surgery P, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. Between 1994 and 2007, 211 (115 female) patients with NBD (age: 7-81 years (median 49)) were ...
Johansson J-E - - 2009
Conditioning therapy in connection with haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) induces a disruption of the intestinal barrier function facilitating the permeation of bacteria and endotoxin through the bowel wall with subsequent increased risk of septicaemia and a worsening of GVHD in the allogeneic setting. Palifermin (recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor) reduces the ...
Eyarefe O D - - 2008
The trophic effects of honey and glutamine in the healing and adaptation of the small bowel following intestinal resection were studied in some Nigerian non-descript breeds of rabbits. Nine rabbits of mixed sexes with mean body weight of 1.45 +/- 0.55 kg were used. They were randomised into three treatment ...
Diller Ricarda - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal infections are considered a contributing factor to the impairment of anastomotic healing in patients undergoing surgical procedures of digestive system. Antithrombin (ATIII) is known to improve the microcirculation in sepsis. We hypothesized that it may also positively influence the healing of the colon anastomoses under endotoxemia. MATERIALS AND ...
Reinshagen K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Longitudinal intestinal lengthening and tailoring (LILT) is a well-established surgical treatment for short bowel syndrome. It has been shown to enhance peristalsis, decrease bacterial overgrowth, and extend mucosal contact time for nutrients. We present the results of a long-term follow-up of patients who underwent LILT and define prognostic parameters ...
Rossi Federico - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening guidelines advocate the performance of colonoscopy at 10-year intervals in average-risk patients. Gastroenterologists' acceptance of 10-year intervals between colonoscopies and interim utilization of fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) is largely unknown. METHODS: A survey instrument of 15 multiple choice items following brief clinical scenarios involving ...
Ludwig Kirk K Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA. - - 2008
To investigate the efficacy and safety of alvimopan, 12 mg, administered orally 30 to 90 minutes preoperatively and twice daily postoperatively in conjunction with a standardized accelerated postoperative care pathway for managing postoperative ileus after bowel resection. This multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, phase 3 trial enrolled adult patients undergoing partial ...
Park Chi-Min - - 2009
PURPOSES: This study is a prospective randomized clinical trial to evaluate the clinical safety and the effect of a sodium hyaluronate-based bioresorbable membrane (Seprafilm; Genzyme, Cambridge, MA, USA) for reducing adhesive intestinal obstruction after colorectal cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2002 and December 2003, 504 patients underwent radical ...
Di Saverio Salomone - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with adhesive small intestine obstruction (ASIO) are difficult to evaluate and to manage and their treatment is still controversial. The diagnostic and therapeutic role of water-soluble contrast medium (Gastrografin) in ASIO is still debated. This study was designed to determine the therapeutic role of Gastrografin in patients with ...
Koch S M P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retrograde colonic irrigation is a possible treatment for defaecation disorders when conservative treatment or surgery has failed. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate its effectiveness. METHODS: Patients were divided into three groups: those with faecal incontinence (A), constipation (B) or both (C). The Biotrol Irrimatic pump ...
Pena-Soria María Jesús - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: We report the final analysis of a prospective single-blinded randomized trial designed to investigate whether omission of preoperative mechanical bowel preparation increases the rate of surgical-site infection and anastomotic failure after elective colon surgery with intraperitoneal anastomosis by a single surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo an ...
Martenson James A - - 2008
To assess the effectiveness of depot octreotide for the prevention of diarrhea during pelvic radiation therapy. Patients receiving pelvic radiation therapy (planned minimum dose, 45 Gy; 1.7 to 2.1 Gy daily) were eligible for the study. From May 10, 2002, through October 14, 2005, 125 patients were randomly allocated in ...
Khatami Amir H - - 2008
This study sought to evaluate the effect of the linguoaxial wall, a lingual auxiliary groove, and the cervicoincisal dimension of the anterior tooth preparation on retention. A simulated maxillary central incisor was prepared following "ideal" guidelines. The linguoaxial wall of these preparations was modified and the samples were divided into ...
Ohno Tetsuro - - 2009
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a transient bowel dysmotility that occurs following many types of operations and is one of the most common complications of gastrointestinal surgery. We hypothesized that enteral supplementation of glutamine after abdominal surgery would restore fuel to the small intestine, suppress oxidative stress, and lead to improvement ...
Endo Hiroki - - 2009
The aim of the study was to evaluate bowel dysmotility in patients with a history of abdominal surgery by measuring both gastric transit time and small bowel transit time during capsule endoscopy and assessing the completeness of the examination. The study included 26 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery (postoperative ...
Jumbi G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the outcome of emergency resection of sigmoid volvulus and to determine the factors associated with adverse outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series review. SETTING: Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya. SUBJECTS: All cases of sigmoid volvulus operated at MTRH during the six years period between year ...
Horiguchi Tohru - - 2008
Taxa-4(20),11(12)-diene-5alpha-acetate 5 and Taxa-4(20), 11(12)-diene-5alpha-acetate, 10beta-ol 6, have been identified as early stage intermediates involved in the biosynthesis of Taxol(R) (paclitaxel). Tritium-labeled 5 and 6 were successfully prepared by Barton deoxygenation using tri-n-butyltintritiide of the C-14-hydroxyl group of a taxoid obtained from Japanese Yew.
Zingg U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus is a common condition after abdominal surgery. Many prokinetic drugs have been evaluated including osmotic laxatives. The data on colon-stimulating laxatives are scarce. This prospective, randomized, double-blind trial investigates the effect of the colon-stimulating laxative bisacodyl on postoperative ileus in elective colorectal resections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between ...
Sumi Tetsuo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We examined the effectiveness of sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score to describe patients with strangulation ileus. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 66 patients given a diagnosis of ileus who underwent a surgery during the period from January 2001 to December 2006. On the basis of surgical findings, they ...
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