Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1332
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Meurette G - - 2010
AIM: The Malone antegrade colonic enema (MACE) procedure is a minimally invasive treatment for severe constipation, and the objective of the present study was to assess the long-term results and quality of life in patients undergoing such colonic irrigation. METHOD: Twenty-five adult patients underwent MACE between 1995 and 2002 for ...
Lamiki Pepu - - 2010
To investigate the effectiveness and safety of a symbiotic mixture in preventing recurrence of constipation-related abdominal pain in patients with uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. Forty-six consecutive patients (10 men, 36 women, mean age 62.5 years, range 49 to 77 years), previously affected by symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of ...
Chung Jae Il - - 2010
Colonoscopy training programs and the minimal experience with colonoscopy required to be considered technically competent are not well established. The aim of this study was to determine the colonoscopy learning curves and factors associated with this difficult procedure at a single center. A total of 3,243 colonoscopies were performed by ...
Oida Takatsugu T Department of Surgery, Social Insurance Yokohama Central Hospital, 268 Yamashita-cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama 231-8553, Japan. - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic examination of blood flow and edema in the remnant bowel. We retrospectively studied 15 patients who underwent massive bowel resection with enterostomy for superior mesenteric arterial occlusion (SMAO); the patients were divided into a delayed closure group (D group) and an early closure group ...
Monreal L - - 2010
To assess the effect of enteral fluid therapy (EFT) in horses with colic, 78 adult horses with colon impactions and 30 with left dorsal colon displacements received an isotonic electrolyte solution via a nasogastric tube at a rate of 8 to 10 l every two hours until resolution of clinical ...
Rao Satish S C SS Department of Gastroenterology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1009, USA. - - 2010
Although biofeedback therapy is effective in the short-term management of dyssynergic defecation, its long-term efficacy is unknown. Our aim was to compare the 1-year outcome of biofeedback (manometric-assisted pelvic relaxation and simulated defecation training) with standard therapy (diet, exercise, laxatives) in patients who completed 3 months of either therapy. Stool ...
Burgos Laura - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Gastric pull-up has become the predominant technique for esophageal replacement because of allegedly deficient results of colon grafts. This retrospective study examines the long-term results in a large series of colonic interpositions. PATIENTS AND METHOD: One hundred six children (median, 2.9 years; range, 0.32-15 years) had their esophagus replaced ...
Griglione Nicole - - 2010
A 48-year-old man went to his primary care physician for his annual physical. He told his physician that for the past few years, he had intermittent, painless rectal bleeding consisting of small amounts of blood on the toilet paper after defecation. He also mentioned that he often spontaneously awoke, very ...
Koilakou Stavroula - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ileocolonoscopy poses the gold standard in the evaluation of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease (CD) at the site of ileocolonic anastomosis. Magnetic resonance enteroclysis (MRE) on the other hand is a promising technique for small bowel imaging. The aim was to compare MRE and ileocolonoscopy for predicting clinical recurrence ...
Ji Zhen-Ling - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of partial adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of oral administration of sesame oil to the standard of conservative treatment in this disease. METHODS: Sixty-four cases of partial adhesive SBO were retrospectively allocated into ...
Ladanyi Andras - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common undesired effects of analgesic opioid use and addiction is constipation. Numerous pharmacologic agents have been used to treat opioid-induced bowel hypomotility with limited success. Methylnaltrexone bromide (MNTX) selectively targets the peripheral adverse effects of opioids while preserving the central analgesic effects of opioid agonist ...
Gianotti Luca L Department of Surgery, Milano-Bicocca University, San Gerardo Hopsital, Via Pergolesi 33, 20052 Monza, Italy. - - 2010
To investigate whether probiotic bacteria, given perioperatively, might adhere to the colonic mucosa, reduce concentration of pathogens in stools, and modulate the local immune function. A randomized, double-blind clinical trial was carried out in 31 subjects undergoing elective colorectal resection for cancer. Patients were allocated to receive either a placebo ...
Bae Ki-Beom - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This experimental study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of using cyanoacrylate adhesive for sutureless colonic anastomosis and as a protective seal to prevent leakage. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats (300 +/- 10 g, 9 weeks old) were divided into three groups: in group I, the anastomosis was sutured in ...
May Andrea - - 2010
Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is now an established method for diagnostic and therapeutic small-bowel endoscopy. Single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has been introduced to simplify the technique. A prospective randomized study was carried out to compare the two methods. The study included 100 patients (50 in each group; 63 men, 37 women; mean ...
Doerfer Joerg - - 2010
This study was designed to analyze whether routine radiological controls of anastomoses in the upper gastrointestinal tract an early detection of anastomotic leaks. 135 patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal tract surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Patients in the first group (n = 55) underwent routine radiological control of the anastomoses. In ...
De Greef E - - 2010
Clinical management of short bowel syndrome remains a multistage process. Although PN is crucial, early introduction of enteral feeding is mandatory. We describe retrospectively 4 patients with an ultrashort bowel who could be weaned off PN on very short terms after introduction of an amino-acid-based formula (Neocate). Patient 1 had ...
Shakya Vikal Chandra - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile and outcome of patients with Hirschsprung's disease undergoing Soave's transabdominal pull-through. The study is a prospective study in neonates, infants and children presenting to Surgery Department of B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal with a diagnosis ...
Hammond Kerry L - - 2010
PURPOSE:: To determine the outcomes of patients after transanal rectocele repair. METHODS:: The Birmingham Bowel and Urinary Symptoms Questionnaire (BBUSQ-22), a validated instrument to evaluate bowel and urinary symptoms, was completed preoperatively by all patients undergoing transanal rectocele repair and postoperatively at a median interval of 8 months. The BBUSQ-22 ...
Juvet Florence - - 2010
Oesophageal foreign bodies are common in dogs. Endoscopic removal is a viable treatment option but few studies have assessed the clinical and radiographic features that would be useful in decision-making and prognosis.Dogs (n = 44) with oesophageal foreign bodies presented to the University Veterinary Hospital were assessed. Terriers and West ...
Tabata Tsutomu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose membrane (Seprafilm) on early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) in patients with gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: One hundred forty-five patients who had Seprafilm placed during gynecological surgery between April 2002 and March 2007 (Seprafilm group) were compared with a historical ...
Hoeppner J - - 2010
Anastomotic leakage is a major factor for morbidity in colorectal surgery. Anastomotic reinforcement with biological or synthetic materials has been claimed to be useful in preventing anastomotic leakage. We evaluated a non-cross-linked collagenous matrix Bio-Gide (BG) for sealing colonic anastomoses in a rodent model. The animals were investigated for 4, ...
Erwin Terry L - - 2010
Revisions of two new species groups of the genus Agra Fabricius are presented with the following species described as new: pusilla group - Agra cruciariasp. n. (Brazil), Agra gracesp. n. (Ecuador,Perú), Agra maxsp. n. (Brazil), Agra minasianussp. n. (Brazil),Agra notpusillasp. n. (Brazil), Agra pseudopusillasp. n. (Brazil); piranha group - Agra ...
Aysan Erhan - - 2010
Polyglycolic acid mesh (PAM) reinforcement of colonic anastomoses were evaluated. Twenty female albino rabbits were divided into two groups. Each rabbit underwent segmental colonic resection with single-layer anastomosis. In one group of rabbits, PAM of length equal to the circumference of the anastomosis was applied. Rabbits were sacrificed on postoperative ...
Waye Jerome D JD Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York, USA. - - 2010
Colonoscopy may fail to detect neoplasia located on the proximal sides of haustral folds and flexures. The Third Eye Retroscope (TER) provides a simultaneous retrograde view that complements the forward view of a standard colonoscope. To evaluate the added benefit for polyp detection during colonoscopy of a retrograde-viewing device. Open-label, ...
Asteria Corrado R - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the role of defunctioning stoma (DS) in elderly high-risk patients with bowel obstruction from advanced colorectal cancer, by exploring consistent variables of outcome, because every other procedure was unfeasible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6-year survey in a single surgery unit (between ...
Shang Hongkai - - 2010
Postoperative ileus is one of the common problems after abdominal surgeries. It contributes to delayed recovery and prolongs hospital stay. Sham feeding, such as gum chewing, may accelerate return of bowel function and reduce morbidity and length of hospital stay. This study aimed to determine whether gum chewing in the ...
Parente Fabrizio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Mucosal healing has been proposed as an important sign of the efficacy of medical treatment of inflammatory bowel disease; however, direct evidence in ulcerative colitis (UC) is scarce. We evaluated the usefulness of colonoscopy and bowel ultrasound (US) as indexes of response to short-term therapy and as predictors of ...
Braga Fabio Ribeiro - - 2010
The predatory capacity of the nematophagous fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia (isolate VC4) embedded in sodium alginate pellets after passage through the gastrointestinal tract of horses was assessed in vitro against Oxyuris equi eggs. Twelve previously dewormed crossbred mares, average weight of 362.5kg (+/-21) were used in the experiment. Each animal of ...
Halachmi-Eyal Orly - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of adding topical moxifloxacin 0.5% to topical povidone-iodine 5.0% for preoperative reduction of bacterial recovery from the conjunctiva. SETTING: Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. METHODS: The study population comprised adult patients scheduled for elective intraocular surgery. Two hours before surgery, patients were randomly assigned to ...
Bekkali Noor-L-Houda - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that enemas and polyethylene glycol (PEG) would be equally effective in treating rectal fecal impaction (RFI) but enemas would be less well tolerated and colonic transit time (CTT) would improve during disimpaction. METHODS: Children (4-16 years) with functional constipation and RFI participated. One week before disimpaction, a ...
Shen Chun - - 2009
PURPOSE: Total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) is a relatively uncommon and severe condition managed by pediatric surgeons. Several procedures exist for the treatment of TCA. However, there is no current consensus on a superior operative procedure. The objective of this article is to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of the Soave procedure ...
Ieiri Satoshi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To identify the clinical features in diagnosis and treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) associated with Down syndrome (DS), the authors retrospectively analyzed data for patients with DS from the past 3 nationwide surveys in Japan. This survey was already approved by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Surgeons. METHODS: Patient ...
Kafali Hasan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of gum chewing on postoperative bowel function after cesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women who underwent cesarean section were randomized to either a gum-chewing group (n = 74) or a non-gum-chewing group (n = 76). The two groups were compared with respect to the return ...
Fayez Raad - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of simulation for competency assessment requires validation of the simulator's performance metrics. This study evaluated whether the Simbionix GI Mentor II virtual reality simulator metrics differentiate gastrointestinal endoscopists with varying clinical experience (known-groups construct validity). METHODS: For this study, 20 subjects (medical and surgical) were classified into ...
Ensari C O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality due to anastomotic complications in gastrointestinal surgery remain important problems. The tissue adhesive N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NB2CA) is used in many fields of surgery. This study was designed to assess the effects of NB2CA on high-level jejunojejunostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty male albino Wistar rats were divided into ...
Uraoka Toshio T Department of Endoscopy, Okayama University Hospital, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. - - 2009
To clarify the effectiveness of CO(2) insufflation in potentially difficult colonoscopy cases, particularly in relation to the experience level of colonoscopists. One hundred twenty potentially difficult cases were included in this study, which involved females with a low body mass index and patients with earlier abdominal and/or pelvic open surgery ...
Nakamura Masanao - - 2009
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: At the time of interpretation of Video Capsule Endoscopy (VCE), we sometimes see the characteristic anatomic landmarks like the major papilla of the duodenum. However, the frequency of these images and the factor affecting VCE transit are not well known. The aim of the study is to disclose the ...
Kohno Miyuki - - 2009
PURPOSE: Herein, we compared the bowel function after a transabdominal and a transanal procedure for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) using the clinical score and a quantitative evaluation of the feces excretion function based on the findings of an RI-defecogram. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects included 35 patients with short segment aganglionosis. ...
Copeland Daniel R - - 2009
PURPOSE: Contrast enema is the initial study of choice for simple meconium ileus to confirm diagnosis and to relieve obstruction. Despite favorable historically published results, our clinical impression suggests decreased effectiveness of the contrast enema resulting in more surgical interventions in contemporary practice. METHODS: A retrospective multiinstitutional review for a ...
Ulas Murat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: When used separately, antineoplastic agents and carbon dioxide (CO(2)) pneumoperitoneum have been reported to impair anastomotic healing in experimental animals. However, the effects of their combined use have not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility that neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil followed by ...
Takahashi Toshiaki - - 2009
AIM: Outcome of hydrostatic reduction of intussusception (HRI) was analyzed according to specific radiographic signs to improve success. METHODS: At our institution, a pediatric surgical team performs HRI using a standardized protocol. We reviewed 266 consecutive HRI performed from 1998 to 2008 according to patient demographics, symptomatology, parameters of inflammation ...
Muniyappa Pramodha - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Rifaximin, Food and Drug Administration approved for traveler's diarrhea, has been used in adult patients with active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This retrospective review was undertaken to determine its role in the treatment of pediatric IBD. METHODS: A review of children with IBD, who were treated with rifaximin from ...
Karakoc Derya - - 2009
The aim of this study is to evaluate the changing factors related to surgery in intestinal obstruction. The surgical records of patients who were operated for intestinal obstruction at Hacettepe University Medical School during the years 1980-1985 and 2000-2005 were evaluated retrospectively. There were 92 patients in group I and ...
Nouda Sadaharu - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is widely used for diagnosing small intestinal diseases. In some cases, however, observation of target sites is very poor during CE because of residues etc. Herein we report the usefulness of a preparation comprised of polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) for CE. METHODS: This was ...
Cui Ji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mesh reconstruction has been proved to be an effective method in incisional hernia repairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of reconstructing the pelvic floor with the high-inlay expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) GORE-TEX Dual Mesh (WLGore And Associates, Flagstuff, USA) in abdominoperineal resection. METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent ...
Spada Cristiano - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Small-bowel contents can hamper the quality of video-capsule endoscopy (VCE). No standardized protocol has been proposed and overnight fasting remains the proposed preparation for VCE. AIMS: The aim was to evaluate the effects of 2 regimens of bowel preparation on small intestine cleansing, diagnostic yield and capsule transit times. ...
Saito Kumiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The management of acute intestinal bleeding is not standardized. The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable method of bowel preparation for urgent colonoscopy. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and forty patients admitted with acute lower intestinal bleeding (ALIB) to our Hospital (April 1998 to March 2004) were ...
Elphick David A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Colonoscopy can be uncomfortable. To increase safety, there is a trend, in the UK, towards reduced sedative use. We aimed to determine factors predictive of discomfort during colonoscopy. METHODS: Prospectively recruited patients were asked to grade anticipated discomfort on a Numeric Rating Scale ranging from 0 to 10. Discomfort ...
Yoon Soon Ho - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare and find the optimal combination of bowel preparation regimens and different concentrations of barium-based fecal-tagging agents on computed tomographic colonography in terms of tagging efficacy, patients' compliance, and diagnostic performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into 4 groups according to ...
Al-Muqbel Kusai M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of gallbladder emptying variables in chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC). The variables investigated were latent period, gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) and patterns of gallbladder emptying. In addition, two other biliary system motility variables were investigated including the onset ...
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