Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1226
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Muhammad Adnan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Anemia although a frequent problem in all age groups, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Despite standard endoscopic diagnostic evaluations with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy, up to 30% of patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are without a definitive diagnosis. Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) ...
Jensch Sebastiaan - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare participant experience and preference of limited preparation computed tomography colonography (CTC) with full-preparation colonoscopy in a consecutive series of patients at increased risk of colorectal cancer. CTC preparation comprised 180 ml diatrizoate meglumine, 80 ml barium and 30 mg bisacodyl. For ...
Chan Michael Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: One objective of colonoscopy is to identify and remove polyps-this process requires attention to detail and prolonged concentration. Providers are predisposed to cognitive errors because the procedure is often performed repetitively throughout the day. We measured the adjusted relationship between colonoscopy start time and polyp yield. METHODS: ...
Bream-Rouwenhorst Heather R - - 2009
The efficacy, safety, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, drug-drug interactions, and administration of alvimopan for postoperative ileus are reviewed. Alvimopan is a selective mu-opioid receptor antagonist with no central nervous system activity. When orally administered after partial small- or large-bowel resection in patients with primary anastomosis, alvimopan shortened the return of bowel function ...
Cremers Marie Isabelle - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: good colonic preparation is essential to perform a complete and safe colonoscopy. The preparation used in the Endoscopy Unit was adopted after testing it against the classic 4-liter polyethylene glicol (PEG) preparation (Klean-Prep). Recently a new 3-liter PEG preparation was commercialised in Portugal, Endo-Falk, which appeared to be simpler ...
Larciprete Giovanni - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the feasibility of preoperative ultrasound evaluation of the umbilical region in patients undergoing laparoscopy with a previous history of abdominal surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-1). SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Fatebenefratelli Isola Tiberina Hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-five women with a previous history ...
Bhatty Shaheen Ayoob - - 2009
To compare the acceptable colonoscopy completion rates in three successive audits, identifying the reasons for failure of completion and rectifying them to improve the performance at our endoscopy unit. Study was conducted at Endoscopy unit of Medical Unit One Civil Hospital Karachi. The first audit was conducted retrospectively on the ...
El-Hodhod M A - - 2010
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) has different clinical presentations according to age. The study aimed to evaluate the extent of CMA as a cause of pediatric constipation and determine the appropriate timing of tolerance to cow milk in such patients. The study included 60 patients suffering from chronic functional constipation, 27 ...
Serclov?? Zuzana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown the value of using fast-track postoperative recovery. Standard procedures (non-fast-track strategies) remain in common use for perioperative care. Few prospective reports exist on the outcome of fast-tracking in Central Europe. The aim of our study was to assess the effect and safety of our own fast-track ...
Abd-El-Maeboud K H I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of postoperative gum chewing on the recovery of bowel motility after caesarean section. DESIGN: A randomised controlled study. SETTING: Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt. POPULATION: A total of 200 pregnant women delivered by elective caesarean section (CS) under general anaesthesia. METHODS: ...
Karayanni Hera - - 2010
Colonization and succession of an epibiotic animal community on chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood were studied for 18 months in the eastern Mediterranean (Saronikos Gulf, Aegean Sea). Pine wood panels, 200 x 100 x 25 mm, impregnated with CCA at retentions of 0, 12, 24, and 48 kg m(-3) were ...
Sanaka Madhusudhan R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of colonoscopy in preventing colon cancer depends on adenoma detection and removal. Adequacy of bowel preparation, careful mucosal visualization, and adequate withdrawal time are known to affect adenoma detection rate (ADR). Physician fatigue, which usually increases as the day progresses, might impair ADR. The aim of this ...
The Frans O - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Although postoperative ileus (POI) is considered multifactorial, intestinal inflammation resulting from manipulation-induced mast cell activation is recognized as an important pathophysiological mechanism. Therefore, mast cell stabilization may represent a new therapeutic approach to shortening POI. The aim of this paper was to study the effect of ketotifen, a mast ...
Kanno Yoshihide - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is often difficult to insert a long intestinal tube in the small bowel of patients with bowel obstruction, and it often results in long procedure time and severe patient distress. OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of the ropeway method by using a guidewire placed with the assistance of ...
Qureshi Usman - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine advantages and disadvantages of postoperative nasogastric intubation after small bowel anastomosis. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Surgical Unit-I, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, from December 2003 to December 2006. METHODOLOGY: A total of 112 patients, undergoing small bowel anastomosis were equally divided in group ...
Matsuda Takahisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The National Polyp Study is used as the basis of recommendations for colonoscopic surveillance after polypectomy, establishing an interval of 3 years after removal of newly diagnosed adenomas. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to estimate the incidence of advanced neoplasia after initial colonoscopy and compare the ...
Aihara Hiroyuki - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to compare the performance and safety of the newly developed sodium phosphate (NaP) tablet (with and without laxatives) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), as bowel-cleansing regimens prior to colonoscopy. METHODS: A total of 35 patients were randomized to one of the following three ...
Farid Mohammed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that gastrografin can be used for diagnosis of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) and for assessing the need for surgical intervention. However, several studies have reported conflicting results. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of gastrografin in ...
Irkorucu Oktay - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate may be a good alternative in ischemic colon anastomosis without impairment of tissue perfusion. METHODS: Forty male Wistar albino rats were randomized into four experimental groups (n = 10 in each group). In group 1 (control), a well-perfused left colonic segment was transected, and free ends were anastomosed ...
Sun Xiao-Guang - - 2009
Our aim was to compare the effect of orally taken 1% diatrizoate meglumine, 5% mannitol and water before positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (PET/CT) scan on gastrointestinal tract delineation and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake. Our methods were as follows: Sixty-one patients referred for PET/CT scan without gastrointestinal diseases were divided into three ...
Rao Satish S C - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Colonic transit time (CTT) traditionally is assessed with radiopaque markers (ROMs), which requires radiation and is hindered by lack of standardization and compliance. We assessed regional and CTT with the SmartPill (SmartPill Corporation, Buffalo, NY), a new wireless pH and pressure recording capsule, in constipated and healthy ...
Grieci Tanya - - 2009
PURPOSE: Despite a rising worldwide incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), few data exist on Canadian children. We reviewed the incidence of IBD in all children 17 years or younger in Southwestern Ontario. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A chart review from 1997 to 2006 revealed 123 children with IBD. Patients were ...
Santos Mar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of therapy with racecadotril plus oral rehydration versus oral rehydration alone in children with gastroenteritis in an outpatient setting care. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, open and parallel study performed in a Pediatric Emergency Service of a tertiary care hospital. The study included 189 patients, ages ...
Nagata Koichi - - 2009
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To compare prospectively 64-detector-row computed tomographic colonography (CTC) after a full-laxative tagging-based preparation (full preparation) with a minimum-laxative tagging-based preparation (minimum preparation) with respect to diagnostic performance in the detection of polyps, tagging quality, and patient acceptance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive 101 patients at high risk for ...
Vradelis Stergios - - 2009
AIM: To prospectively investigate the effectiveness and patient's tolerance of two low-cost bowel cleansing preparation protocols based on magnesium citrate only or the combination of magnesium citrate and senna. METHODS: A total of 342 patients who were referred for colonoscopy underwent a colon cleansing protocol with magnesium citrate alone (n ...
Cavuşoğlu Y H - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of gum chewing to standardized postoperative care is associated with a significantly earlier return of bowel function compared to simple postoperative management in children with intestinal anastomosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. All ...
Caglar Esber - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 can be detected in the oral cavity after discontinuation of administration of a product prepared with this bacterium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of three 2-week periods: clearance period, intervention period, and post-treatment period. Twenty-five ...
Kumar P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Nonoperative measures using an oral water soluble contrast agent is a significant development in the management of patients with postoperative small bowel obstruction. METHODS: In this prospective randomised trial, patients were randomised into two groups: Group A patients were given an oral water soluble contrast agent and Group B ...
Martí-Bonmatí Luis - - 2009
A clean bowel environment is essential prior to radiological assessment of the colon. The objectives were to determine patient compliance and acceptability, physician satisfaction, overall clinical effectiveness and tolerability with the use of oral sodium phosphates (Fosfosoda) and polyethylene glycol solutions as bowel cleansing agents in a relatively large cohort ...
Davis Ryan P - - 2009
PURPOSE: The prenatal or postnatal factors that predict complex gastroschisis in patients (atresia, volvulus, necrotic bowel and bowel perforation) remain controversial. We evaluated the prognostic value of prenatal ultrasonographic parameters and early postnatal factors in predicting clinical outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed maternal and neonatal records of 46 gastroschisis patients treated ...
Elemen Levent - - 2009
PURPOSE: The present study aims to compare strength, healing, and operation time of experimental intestinal anastomoses performed by polyglactin 910 (Vicryl; Ethicon, Edinburgh, United Kingdom) sutures with ethyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue (Pattex; Henkel, Dusseldorf, Germany). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 (groups E and L). Each group was ...
Qin Ming-wei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical values of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) in diagnosis of colonic polyps. METHODS: Forty-two patients who were clinically suspicious of colonic polyps or underwent colonic polyps screening received examinations with both CTC and conventional colonoscopy. Sixteen- or 64-slice spiral computed tomography and professional imaging processing techniques ...
Pittet Olivier - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Until recently, it was accepted that the rate of complications and failure of medical therapy were higher during recurrent episodes of diverticulitis. New data and new interpretation of older studies have challenged this opinion. The aim of the present study was to determine whether recurrent diverticulitis in comparison with ...
Sieg Andreas - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with colonoscopy was introduced into the National Cancer Prevention Program in Germany in 2002. As compliance for screening is low (around 3% per year), colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) could be an alternative approach. In this study, feasibility and performance of CCE were evaluated in comparison ...
Sonoda A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intra-arterial administration of edaravone after superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thromboembolism in a rabbit model. 24 Japanese white rabbits were randomly allocated to a urokinase group (group U) and a urokinase with edaravone group (group E). A further three rabbits, ...
Slim Karem - - 2009
Earlier meta-analyses of small randomized trials suggested that mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) should be omitted before colorectal surgery because it does not affect complication rates 0 mortality and may be even harmful; however, more recent large randomized trials suggested an increased occurrence of pelvic abscesses in the absence of MBP. ...
Demoulin Stéphanie - - 2009
People tend to infra-humanize by attributing more human essence to their in-group than to out-groups. In the present article, we focus on the attribution of primary and secondary emotions to operationalize the human essence. We propose that, in order to infra-humanize, people need to be categorized in meaningful groups. In ...
Neuss Heiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: We performed an experimental study in a rabbit model to investigate the effects of a selective Cox-2 inhibitor (Valdecoxib) on anastomotic healing following large bowel resection after 1 week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into four groups and underwent a colon resection with end-to-end ...
Almeida Nuno - - 2010
Clinical utility of prokinetics in capsule endoscopy (CE) is not clearly established. The objective of this prospective, randomized, single-blind, controlled trial was to determine if metoclopramide is useful in CE by increasing the rate of complete enteroscopy. Ninety-five patients referred for CE were randomized to no metoclopramide (group B, n ...
Postgate Aymer - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is limited by incomplete small-bowel transit and poor view quality in the distal bowel. Currently, there is no consensus regarding the use of bowel purgatives or prokinetics in CE. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of bowel purgatives and prokinetics in small-bowel CE. DESIGN: Prospective single-blind randomized ...
Nakamura Takatoshi - - 2009
PURPOSE: The short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for right-sided colon cancer remain largely uninvestigated. This study was undertaken to compare the morbidity and mortality after either a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (LRHC) or an open right hemicolectomy (ORHC) for this type of tumor. METHODS: The study group included 100 ...
Parente F - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mucosal healing (MH) after short-term medical treatment is being considered as an important step in the therapeutic work-up of inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD) patients due to the potential prognostic role of MH in predicting disease outcome. However, IBD patients are reluctant to be re-endoscoped during follow-up; therefore, ...
Birgisson Helgi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In 1996, all colorectal surgery in the county of Vastmanland, Sweden, was centralized to the central District Hospital in Vasterås. A Colorectal Unit was established and modern surgical procedures were introduced. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcome for patients treated surgically for distal sigmoid colonic ...
Beaulieu Dawn B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is no standard approach for the medical management of Crohn's disease (CD) during pregnancy and there is limited data regarding safety and efficacy of the treatments. Budesonide (Entocort EC, AstraZeneca) is an enteric coated locally acting glucocorticoid preparation whose pH- and time-dependent coating enables its release into the ...
Mearin Fermín - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) may appear after acute gastroenteritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible mechanisms (inflammation, visceral hypersensitivity, psychological and immunogenetic factors) related to the development of postinfectious (PI) FGID 3 years after a Salmonella outbreak. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Biopsies of the antrum, and ...
Tantiphlachiva Kasaya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of biofeedback therapy in management of bowel symptoms after definitive surgery for Hirschsprung's disease. METHODS: This study describes two cases that exemplify the complex nature of these problems. These patients presented with constipation and faecal seepage several years after receiving treatment for Hirschsprung's disease. The ...
Modi Biren P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) has been shown to improve bowel function in short bowel syndrome. The effect of the STEP procedure on intestinal motility is not known, but some have hypothesized that it could disrupt bowel innervation and thus impair intestinal motility. METHODS: Growing Yorkshire pigs (n = 7) ...
Emre Arif - - 2009
Abdominal surgery can lead to postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions (PIAAs) with significant morbidity and mortality. This study compares the use of honey with a standard bioresorbable membrane (SEPRAFILM) to prevent the formation of PIAAs in rats. Thirty rats underwent laparotomy, and PIAAs were induced by scraping the cecum. The animals were ...
Faaborg P M - - 2009
Long-term follow-up study. Short-term results find transanal colonic irrigation (TAI) favourable in the treatment of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD). Therefore, long-term results need to be described. Department of Surgery P, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. Between 1994 and 2007, 211 (115 female) patients with NBD (age: 7-81 years (median 49)) were ...
Johansson J-E - - 2009
Conditioning therapy in connection with haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) induces a disruption of the intestinal barrier function facilitating the permeation of bacteria and endotoxin through the bowel wall with subsequent increased risk of septicaemia and a worsening of GVHD in the allogeneic setting. Palifermin (recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor) reduces the ...
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