Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1257
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Shang Hongkai - - 2010
Postoperative ileus is one of the common problems after abdominal surgeries. It contributes to delayed recovery and prolongs hospital stay. Sham feeding, such as gum chewing, may accelerate return of bowel function and reduce morbidity and length of hospital stay. This study aimed to determine whether gum chewing in the ...
Parente Fabrizio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Mucosal healing has been proposed as an important sign of the efficacy of medical treatment of inflammatory bowel disease; however, direct evidence in ulcerative colitis (UC) is scarce. We evaluated the usefulness of colonoscopy and bowel ultrasound (US) as indexes of response to short-term therapy and as predictors of ...
Braga Fabio Ribeiro - - 2010
The predatory capacity of the nematophagous fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia (isolate VC4) embedded in sodium alginate pellets after passage through the gastrointestinal tract of horses was assessed in vitro against Oxyuris equi eggs. Twelve previously dewormed crossbred mares, average weight of 362.5kg (+/-21) were used in the experiment. Each animal of ...
Halachmi-Eyal Orly - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of adding topical moxifloxacin 0.5% to topical povidone-iodine 5.0% for preoperative reduction of bacterial recovery from the conjunctiva. SETTING: Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. METHODS: The study population comprised adult patients scheduled for elective intraocular surgery. Two hours before surgery, patients were randomly assigned to ...
Bekkali Noor-L-Houda - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that enemas and polyethylene glycol (PEG) would be equally effective in treating rectal fecal impaction (RFI) but enemas would be less well tolerated and colonic transit time (CTT) would improve during disimpaction. METHODS: Children (4-16 years) with functional constipation and RFI participated. One week before disimpaction, a ...
Shen Chun - - 2009
PURPOSE: Total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) is a relatively uncommon and severe condition managed by pediatric surgeons. Several procedures exist for the treatment of TCA. However, there is no current consensus on a superior operative procedure. The objective of this article is to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of the Soave procedure ...
Ieiri Satoshi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To identify the clinical features in diagnosis and treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) associated with Down syndrome (DS), the authors retrospectively analyzed data for patients with DS from the past 3 nationwide surveys in Japan. This survey was already approved by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Surgeons. METHODS: Patient ...
Kafali Hasan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of gum chewing on postoperative bowel function after cesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women who underwent cesarean section were randomized to either a gum-chewing group (n = 74) or a non-gum-chewing group (n = 76). The two groups were compared with respect to the return ...
Fayez Raad - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of simulation for competency assessment requires validation of the simulator's performance metrics. This study evaluated whether the Simbionix GI Mentor II virtual reality simulator metrics differentiate gastrointestinal endoscopists with varying clinical experience (known-groups construct validity). METHODS: For this study, 20 subjects (medical and surgical) were classified into ...
Ensari C O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality due to anastomotic complications in gastrointestinal surgery remain important problems. The tissue adhesive N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NB2CA) is used in many fields of surgery. This study was designed to assess the effects of NB2CA on high-level jejunojejunostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty male albino Wistar rats were divided into ...
Uraoka Toshio T Department of Endoscopy, Okayama University Hospital, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. - - 2009
To clarify the effectiveness of CO(2) insufflation in potentially difficult colonoscopy cases, particularly in relation to the experience level of colonoscopists. One hundred twenty potentially difficult cases were included in this study, which involved females with a low body mass index and patients with earlier abdominal and/or pelvic open surgery ...
Nakamura Masanao - - 2009
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: At the time of interpretation of Video Capsule Endoscopy (VCE), we sometimes see the characteristic anatomic landmarks like the major papilla of the duodenum. However, the frequency of these images and the factor affecting VCE transit are not well known. The aim of the study is to disclose the ...
Kohno Miyuki - - 2009
PURPOSE: Herein, we compared the bowel function after a transabdominal and a transanal procedure for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) using the clinical score and a quantitative evaluation of the feces excretion function based on the findings of an RI-defecogram. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects included 35 patients with short segment aganglionosis. ...
Copeland Daniel R - - 2009
PURPOSE: Contrast enema is the initial study of choice for simple meconium ileus to confirm diagnosis and to relieve obstruction. Despite favorable historically published results, our clinical impression suggests decreased effectiveness of the contrast enema resulting in more surgical interventions in contemporary practice. METHODS: A retrospective multiinstitutional review for a ...
Ulas Murat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: When used separately, antineoplastic agents and carbon dioxide (CO(2)) pneumoperitoneum have been reported to impair anastomotic healing in experimental animals. However, the effects of their combined use have not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility that neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil followed by ...
Takahashi Toshiaki - - 2009
AIM: Outcome of hydrostatic reduction of intussusception (HRI) was analyzed according to specific radiographic signs to improve success. METHODS: At our institution, a pediatric surgical team performs HRI using a standardized protocol. We reviewed 266 consecutive HRI performed from 1998 to 2008 according to patient demographics, symptomatology, parameters of inflammation ...
Muniyappa Pramodha - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Rifaximin, Food and Drug Administration approved for traveler's diarrhea, has been used in adult patients with active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This retrospective review was undertaken to determine its role in the treatment of pediatric IBD. METHODS: A review of children with IBD, who were treated with rifaximin from ...
Karakoc Derya - - 2009
The aim of this study is to evaluate the changing factors related to surgery in intestinal obstruction. The surgical records of patients who were operated for intestinal obstruction at Hacettepe University Medical School during the years 1980-1985 and 2000-2005 were evaluated retrospectively. There were 92 patients in group I and ...
Nouda Sadaharu - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Capsule endoscopy (CE) is widely used for diagnosing small intestinal diseases. In some cases, however, observation of target sites is very poor during CE because of residues etc. Herein we report the usefulness of a preparation comprised of polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) for CE. METHODS: This was ...
Cui Ji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mesh reconstruction has been proved to be an effective method in incisional hernia repairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of reconstructing the pelvic floor with the high-inlay expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) GORE-TEX Dual Mesh (WLGore And Associates, Flagstuff, USA) in abdominoperineal resection. METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent ...
Spada Cristiano - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Small-bowel contents can hamper the quality of video-capsule endoscopy (VCE). No standardized protocol has been proposed and overnight fasting remains the proposed preparation for VCE. AIMS: The aim was to evaluate the effects of 2 regimens of bowel preparation on small intestine cleansing, diagnostic yield and capsule transit times. ...
Saito Kumiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The management of acute intestinal bleeding is not standardized. The aim of this study was to determine the most suitable method of bowel preparation for urgent colonoscopy. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and forty patients admitted with acute lower intestinal bleeding (ALIB) to our Hospital (April 1998 to March 2004) were ...
Elphick David A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Colonoscopy can be uncomfortable. To increase safety, there is a trend, in the UK, towards reduced sedative use. We aimed to determine factors predictive of discomfort during colonoscopy. METHODS: Prospectively recruited patients were asked to grade anticipated discomfort on a Numeric Rating Scale ranging from 0 to 10. Discomfort ...
Yoon Soon Ho - - 2009
PURPOSE: To compare and find the optimal combination of bowel preparation regimens and different concentrations of barium-based fecal-tagging agents on computed tomographic colonography in terms of tagging efficacy, patients' compliance, and diagnostic performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into 4 groups according to ...
Al-Muqbel Kusai M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of gallbladder emptying variables in chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC). The variables investigated were latent period, gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF) and patterns of gallbladder emptying. In addition, two other biliary system motility variables were investigated including the onset ...
Wi Jun-Hwan - - 2009
The ability to visualize the small bowel mucosa by capsule endoscopy is limited. Moreover, studies involving small-bowel preparation with purgative drugs have failed to establish which preparations produce better images and higher diagnostic yields. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacies and diagnostic yields of different bowel ...
Campanella Delia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the computed tomographic colonography (CTC) image quality and patient acceptance of three iodine-based faecal tagging bowel preparations in 60 patients undergoing the following regimens: a 2-day regimen of meal-time administration of iodine and phospho-soda (GFPH); a 2-day regimen of meal-time mild ...
Liedenbaum Marjolein H - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare a 1-day with a 2-day iodine bowel preparation for CT colonography in a positive faecal occult blood test (FOBT) screening population. One hundred consecutive patients underwent CT colonography and colonoscopy with segmental unblinding. The first 50 patients (group 1) ingested 7 50 ...
Luigiano Carmelo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The most common complication of polypectomy is hemorrhage, and various techniques have been used to prevent this complication. AIM: This study evaluates the outcomes of endoclip-assisted polypectomy in patients with large pedunculated colorectal polyps, in comparison with a historical control group of patients treated with endoloop-assisted polypectomy. METHODS: Between ...
Chen Shuang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The biofragmentable anastomosis ring (BAR) is a simple alternative device to create intestinal anastomosis. Our study was designed to evaluate the clinical value of BAR in intestinal anastomosis. METHODS: A total of 167 patients performed intestinal anastomosis from January 2002 to February 2006 were randomized to BAR group (n ...
Muhammad Adnan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Anemia although a frequent problem in all age groups, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Despite standard endoscopic diagnostic evaluations with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy, up to 30% of patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are without a definitive diagnosis. Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) ...
Jensch Sebastiaan - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare participant experience and preference of limited preparation computed tomography colonography (CTC) with full-preparation colonoscopy in a consecutive series of patients at increased risk of colorectal cancer. CTC preparation comprised 180 ml diatrizoate meglumine, 80 ml barium and 30 mg bisacodyl. For ...
Chan Michael Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: One objective of colonoscopy is to identify and remove polyps-this process requires attention to detail and prolonged concentration. Providers are predisposed to cognitive errors because the procedure is often performed repetitively throughout the day. We measured the adjusted relationship between colonoscopy start time and polyp yield. METHODS: ...
Humm Karen R KR Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, The Royal Veterinary College, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, - - 2009
Objective - To quantify the frequency of adverse events occurring during or post pericardiocentesis and to determine if adverse events are related to the cause of the pericardial effusion or frequency of pericardiocentesis. Design - Retrospective study. Setting - Referral hospital. Animals, Intervention and Measurements - Medical records of 85 ...
Bream-Rouwenhorst Heather R - - 2009
The efficacy, safety, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, drug-drug interactions, and administration of alvimopan for postoperative ileus are reviewed. Alvimopan is a selective mu-opioid receptor antagonist with no central nervous system activity. When orally administered after partial small- or large-bowel resection in patients with primary anastomosis, alvimopan shortened the return of bowel function ...
Cremers Marie Isabelle - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: good colonic preparation is essential to perform a complete and safe colonoscopy. The preparation used in the Endoscopy Unit was adopted after testing it against the classic 4-liter polyethylene glicol (PEG) preparation (Klean-Prep). Recently a new 3-liter PEG preparation was commercialised in Portugal, Endo-Falk, which appeared to be simpler ...
Larciprete Giovanni - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the feasibility of preoperative ultrasound evaluation of the umbilical region in patients undergoing laparoscopy with a previous history of abdominal surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-1). SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Fatebenefratelli Isola Tiberina Hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-five women with a previous history ...
Bhatty Shaheen Ayoob - - 2009
To compare the acceptable colonoscopy completion rates in three successive audits, identifying the reasons for failure of completion and rectifying them to improve the performance at our endoscopy unit. Study was conducted at Endoscopy unit of Medical Unit One Civil Hospital Karachi. The first audit was conducted retrospectively on the ...
El-Hodhod M A - - 2010
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) has different clinical presentations according to age. The study aimed to evaluate the extent of CMA as a cause of pediatric constipation and determine the appropriate timing of tolerance to cow milk in such patients. The study included 60 patients suffering from chronic functional constipation, 27 ...
Serclov?? Zuzana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown the value of using fast-track postoperative recovery. Standard procedures (non-fast-track strategies) remain in common use for perioperative care. Few prospective reports exist on the outcome of fast-tracking in Central Europe. The aim of our study was to assess the effect and safety of our own fast-track ...
Abd-El-Maeboud K H I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of postoperative gum chewing on the recovery of bowel motility after caesarean section. DESIGN: A randomised controlled study. SETTING: Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt. POPULATION: A total of 200 pregnant women delivered by elective caesarean section (CS) under general anaesthesia. METHODS: ...
Karayanni Hera - - 2010
Colonization and succession of an epibiotic animal community on chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood were studied for 18 months in the eastern Mediterranean (Saronikos Gulf, Aegean Sea). Pine wood panels, 200 x 100 x 25 mm, impregnated with CCA at retentions of 0, 12, 24, and 48 kg m(-3) were ...
Sanaka Madhusudhan R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of colonoscopy in preventing colon cancer depends on adenoma detection and removal. Adequacy of bowel preparation, careful mucosal visualization, and adequate withdrawal time are known to affect adenoma detection rate (ADR). Physician fatigue, which usually increases as the day progresses, might impair ADR. The aim of this ...
The Frans O - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Although postoperative ileus (POI) is considered multifactorial, intestinal inflammation resulting from manipulation-induced mast cell activation is recognized as an important pathophysiological mechanism. Therefore, mast cell stabilization may represent a new therapeutic approach to shortening POI. The aim of this paper was to study the effect of ketotifen, a mast ...
Kanno Yoshihide - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is often difficult to insert a long intestinal tube in the small bowel of patients with bowel obstruction, and it often results in long procedure time and severe patient distress. OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of the ropeway method by using a guidewire placed with the assistance of ...
Qureshi Usman - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine advantages and disadvantages of postoperative nasogastric intubation after small bowel anastomosis. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Surgical Unit-I, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi, from December 2003 to December 2006. METHODOLOGY: A total of 112 patients, undergoing small bowel anastomosis were equally divided in group ...
Matsuda Takahisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The National Polyp Study is used as the basis of recommendations for colonoscopic surveillance after polypectomy, establishing an interval of 3 years after removal of newly diagnosed adenomas. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to estimate the incidence of advanced neoplasia after initial colonoscopy and compare the ...
Aihara Hiroyuki - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to compare the performance and safety of the newly developed sodium phosphate (NaP) tablet (with and without laxatives) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), as bowel-cleansing regimens prior to colonoscopy. METHODS: A total of 35 patients were randomized to one of the following three ...
Farid Mohammed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that gastrografin can be used for diagnosis of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) and for assessing the need for surgical intervention. However, several studies have reported conflicting results. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of gastrografin in ...
Irkorucu Oktay - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate may be a good alternative in ischemic colon anastomosis without impairment of tissue perfusion. METHODS: Forty male Wistar albino rats were randomized into four experimental groups (n = 10 in each group). In group 1 (control), a well-perfused left colonic segment was transected, and free ends were anastomosed ...
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