Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1312
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Kim Hee Man - - 2010
Studies have investigated the use of different types of radiofrequency capsules for comparison or sequential capsule endoscopy, but none have compared the MiroCam device - which utilizes a novel data transmission technology - with other capsules. This study compared the feasibility of sequential capsule endoscopy using the MiroCam and PillCam ...
Kauppi Paula - - 2011
Background:  Causative agents of occupational asthma (OA) are well described in literature but far less is known about factors affecting the outcome of OA. Short duration of exposure, early diagnosis when symptoms appear and further avoidance of exposure have been suggested as good prognostic factors. This study was designed to ...
Dellon Evan S ES Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7080, USA. - - 2010
Visualization during GI endoscopy requires distention of the bowel lumen. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation decreases postprocedure abdominal discomfort and distension after colonoscopy, but there have been few published studies on its use in ERCP. To assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) insufflation during ERCP. Double-blind, controlled, randomized trial. Tertiary-care ...
Park Sin Sil - - 2010
Preparation regimens for morning colonoscopy are suboptimal. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy and tolerance of a split-dose magnesium citrate-low-volume (2 liters) polyethylene glycol (PEG) regimen for morning colonoscopy. A total of 232 patients were randomly assigned to receive 4 liters PEG (day before procedure; group ...
Daragics Katalin - - 2010
The utility of the (2-nitrophenyl)acetyl (NPAc) group for the protection of hydroxyl functions is reported. (2-Nitrophenyl)acetates are readily prepared starting from the commercially available, inexpensive (2-nitrophenyl)acetic acid, and these esters are stable under a series of common carbohydrate transformations. The NPAc group can be removed selectively using Zn and NH(4)Cl ...
Cecen Goksen - - 2010
To report a modified colostomy technique for permanent fecal diversion in calves with colonic atresia. Prospective study. Calves (n=19) with colonic atresia. Clinical findings, white blood cell counts, radiologic, ultrasonographic, and intraoperative findings were recorded. Calves were randomly divided into 2 groups: group 1 (n=9) had conventional colostomy and group ...
Lavu Harish - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mechanical bowel preparations (MBPs) are commonly administered preoperatively to patients who undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD); however, their effectiveness over a clear liquid diet (CLD) preparation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether MBP offers an advantage to patients who undergo PD. METHODS: In this retrospective review, ...
Cho Jae Hee - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Same-day bidirectional endoscopy including esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy is routinely performed to evaluate anemia and gastrointestinal bleeding, as well as to conduct cancer surveillance. Numerous questions have been raised regarding the most appropriate procedural sequence and the resulting potential procedure interactions. We compared the quality and ...
Javid Patrick J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical experience of a regional multidisciplinary intestinal failure program for children established in 2005. METHODS: Data were collected from a prospective internal database. Univariate analyses were performed to compare pre- and post-treatment outcomes. Median values are reported. RESULTS: Forty-nine children ...
Horvat Matjaz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preoperative bowel cleaning for elective colorectal surgery is a routine procedure. Synbiotics (probiotics plus prebiotics) are known for their beneficial effects on gut immune function and maintenance of the gut barrier. The main purpose of this study was to replace preoperative mechanical bowel cleaning with synbiotics and to assess ...
Bakare Tajudeen I B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The discrepancy in diameters of the resected ends coupled with the heavy faecal loads in the colon of chronically constipated children with Hirschsprung's disease makes definitive primary pull-through procedure quite difficulty in this group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four consecutive patients (aged 5 months to 11 years) who presented with ...
Najaf Tasnim A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To define the interval between clinical presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and bowel perforation in neonates. METHODS: Charts of neonates with discharge diagnosis of NEC (n = 124) from our NICU during 2004-2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data were collected. Acute episode of NEC was defined as the interval ...
Hsieh Yu-Hsi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Air insufflation is essential in routine colonoscopy, but obtaining optimal insufflation levels has not been discussed in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine optimal air insufflation during colonoscopic examination. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy were randomized to receive high-air insufflation (group A, n = ...
Romeo M G - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of gastrointestinal colonization by Candida species, of late-onset sepsis and neurological outcome in preterm newborns. A prospective study was conducted in 249 preterms who were subdivided into three groups: one group (n=83) was supplemented with Lactobacillus (L.) reuteri, one group with ...
Matro Rebecca - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Administering a purgative close to the time of colonoscopy is optimal for cleansing. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of morning-only (AM-only) polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution (PEG-ELS) to split-dose (PM/AM) PEG-ELS for afternoon colonoscopy. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, randomized, investigator-blinded, non-inferiority ...
Cappell Mitchell S - - 2010
Colonoscopy instrumentation and technique have improved from 1988 to 2008. We analyze whether these improvements have resulted in improved colonoscopy performance. This was a retrospective study of 50 consecutive inpatients in 1988 vs. 1998 vs. 2008 undergoing intended colonoscopy at a teaching hospital. Patient APACHE score, cecal and terminal ileal ...
Gunnarsdóttir A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the early functional outcome for patients with rectosigmoid Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is comparable for the Duhamel pull-through procedure and the transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) procedure, with less discomfort for the patient postoperatively after the TERPT technique. Eleven patients operated ...
Shaikh Abdullah A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Anxious patients can cause unexpected increases in healthcare costs that are often overlooked. There are no studies examining the use of an educational pamphlet and its effects on secondary outcomes at colonoscopy. The goal of this study was to determine if the use of an educational pamphlet lowers the ...
Overholt Bergein F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use and impact of the recommended withdrawal time of at least 6 minutes from the cecum in colonoscopy in multiple gastroenterology endoscopy ambulatory surgery centers serving a wide geographical area. METHODS: An observational prospective multicenter quality assurance review was conducted in 49 ambulatory surgery centers in ...
Taber Andrew - - 2010
According to national recommendations, colonoscopy withdrawal time (WT) on negative screening examinations should average more than 6 minutes because this time is associated with a higher rate of polyp detection. Attempts have been made to increase the WT; however, simply knowing that a quality measure, such as the WT, is ...
Kim Kyung Min - - 2010
Capsule endoscopy (CE) is used for various purposes. The aims of this study were to classify the types of antro-pyloric capsular movement in CE and to investigate the relationship between the types of capsular movement and clinical factors, including gastric emptying time (GET). Out of 103 patients who received CE ...
Hoeppner Jens - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrices have proven potential for in vivo tissue regeneration at gastrointestinal luminal organs. In this study, small intestinal submucosa (SIS) was tested as a sealant for colonic anastomoses in a rodent model. METHODS: In the rodent model, standard colonic anastomoses in the control group (CG; n = 30) ...
Gao Yun Jie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The methods for increasing the rate of complete small-bowel examinations by capsule endoscopy (CE) demonstrate conflicting results, and it is unknown whether improving the completion rate of CE transit is correlated with improvement in diagnostic yield. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a higher rate ...
Tseng Chia-Ying - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term use of warfarin can provide benefits in the treatment of many diseases, but adverse bleeding events are unpreventable because of a narrow therapeutic range. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective chart review with data abstraction was to investigate the clinical presentations of intestinal intramural hemorrhage in emergency department ...
Liao Z - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Currently, the default frame rate for capsule endoscopy is usually set at 2 frames per second (fps). We postulated that setting the frame rate at 1 fps for the whole procedure would save battery life and increase the completion rate without compromising the diagnostic yield. The ...
Reinemeyer Craig R - - 2010
In recent years, numerous veterinary practitioners have reported anecdotal episodes in which anthelmintic treatment did not appear to deliver the expected efficacy against equine pinworms (Oxyuris equi). Anthelmintic resistance has not been demonstrated formally in equine pinworms, so a clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of paste formulations ...
Chang Lin - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Alosetron is a potent, selective 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist prescribed for women with severe diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) under a risk management plan (RMP). The RMP was implemented following cases of ischemic colitis (IC) and complications of constipation (CoC) associated with the use of alosetron. The objectives of this ...
Kamm Michael A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Traditional surgical procedures for intractable idiopathic constipation are associated with a variable outcome and substantial morbidity. The symptomatic response, physiological effect and effect on quality of life of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) were evaluated in patients with constipation (slow transit and normal transit with impaired evacuation). METHODS: In a ...
Ngowe M N - - 2010
HYPOTHESIS: It is suggested that chewing gum may accelerate postoperative intestinal transit recovery. Chewing gum may therefore produce the same result after open appendectomy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, randomized study in a University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 46 patients operated on by open appendectomy due to acute catarrhal appendicitis, appendicular abscess ...
Bonestroo H J C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term clinical trials have shown that daily treatment with recombinant human deoxyribonuclease (rhDNAse) in patients with mild to moderate cystic fibrosis (CF) improves lung function and decreases the number of respiratory exacerbations. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of rhDNAse on the bacterial colonization of ...
Meurette G - - 2010
AIM: The Malone antegrade colonic enema (MACE) procedure is a minimally invasive treatment for severe constipation, and the objective of the present study was to assess the long-term results and quality of life in patients undergoing such colonic irrigation. METHOD: Twenty-five adult patients underwent MACE between 1995 and 2002 for ...
Lamiki Pepu - - 2010
To investigate the effectiveness and safety of a symbiotic mixture in preventing recurrence of constipation-related abdominal pain in patients with uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. Forty-six consecutive patients (10 men, 36 women, mean age 62.5 years, range 49 to 77 years), previously affected by symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of ...
Chung Jae Il - - 2010
Colonoscopy training programs and the minimal experience with colonoscopy required to be considered technically competent are not well established. The aim of this study was to determine the colonoscopy learning curves and factors associated with this difficult procedure at a single center. A total of 3,243 colonoscopies were performed by ...
Oida Takatsugu T Department of Surgery, Social Insurance Yokohama Central Hospital, 268 Yamashita-cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama 231-8553, Japan. - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic examination of blood flow and edema in the remnant bowel. We retrospectively studied 15 patients who underwent massive bowel resection with enterostomy for superior mesenteric arterial occlusion (SMAO); the patients were divided into a delayed closure group (D group) and an early closure group ...
Monreal L - - 2010
To assess the effect of enteral fluid therapy (EFT) in horses with colic, 78 adult horses with colon impactions and 30 with left dorsal colon displacements received an isotonic electrolyte solution via a nasogastric tube at a rate of 8 to 10 l every two hours until resolution of clinical ...
Rao Satish S C SS Department of Gastroenterology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1009, USA. - - 2010
Although biofeedback therapy is effective in the short-term management of dyssynergic defecation, its long-term efficacy is unknown. Our aim was to compare the 1-year outcome of biofeedback (manometric-assisted pelvic relaxation and simulated defecation training) with standard therapy (diet, exercise, laxatives) in patients who completed 3 months of either therapy. Stool ...
Burgos Laura - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Gastric pull-up has become the predominant technique for esophageal replacement because of allegedly deficient results of colon grafts. This retrospective study examines the long-term results in a large series of colonic interpositions. PATIENTS AND METHOD: One hundred six children (median, 2.9 years; range, 0.32-15 years) had their esophagus replaced ...
Griglione Nicole - - 2010
A 48-year-old man went to his primary care physician for his annual physical. He told his physician that for the past few years, he had intermittent, painless rectal bleeding consisting of small amounts of blood on the toilet paper after defecation. He also mentioned that he often spontaneously awoke, very ...
Koilakou Stavroula - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ileocolonoscopy poses the gold standard in the evaluation of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease (CD) at the site of ileocolonic anastomosis. Magnetic resonance enteroclysis (MRE) on the other hand is a promising technique for small bowel imaging. The aim was to compare MRE and ileocolonoscopy for predicting clinical recurrence ...
Ji Zhen-Ling - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of partial adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of oral administration of sesame oil to the standard of conservative treatment in this disease. METHODS: Sixty-four cases of partial adhesive SBO were retrospectively allocated into ...
Ladanyi Andras - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common undesired effects of analgesic opioid use and addiction is constipation. Numerous pharmacologic agents have been used to treat opioid-induced bowel hypomotility with limited success. Methylnaltrexone bromide (MNTX) selectively targets the peripheral adverse effects of opioids while preserving the central analgesic effects of opioid agonist ...
Gianotti Luca L Department of Surgery, Milano-Bicocca University, San Gerardo Hopsital, Via Pergolesi 33, 20052 Monza, Italy. - - 2010
To investigate whether probiotic bacteria, given perioperatively, might adhere to the colonic mucosa, reduce concentration of pathogens in stools, and modulate the local immune function. A randomized, double-blind clinical trial was carried out in 31 subjects undergoing elective colorectal resection for cancer. Patients were allocated to receive either a placebo ...
Bae Ki-Beom - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This experimental study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of using cyanoacrylate adhesive for sutureless colonic anastomosis and as a protective seal to prevent leakage. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats (300 +/- 10 g, 9 weeks old) were divided into three groups: in group I, the anastomosis was sutured in ...
May Andrea - - 2010
Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is now an established method for diagnostic and therapeutic small-bowel endoscopy. Single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has been introduced to simplify the technique. A prospective randomized study was carried out to compare the two methods. The study included 100 patients (50 in each group; 63 men, 37 women; mean ...
Doerfer Joerg - - 2010
This study was designed to analyze whether routine radiological controls of anastomoses in the upper gastrointestinal tract an early detection of anastomotic leaks. 135 patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal tract surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Patients in the first group (n = 55) underwent routine radiological control of the anastomoses. In ...
De Greef E - - 2010
Clinical management of short bowel syndrome remains a multistage process. Although PN is crucial, early introduction of enteral feeding is mandatory. We describe retrospectively 4 patients with an ultrashort bowel who could be weaned off PN on very short terms after introduction of an amino-acid-based formula (Neocate). Patient 1 had ...
Shakya Vikal Chandra - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile and outcome of patients with Hirschsprung's disease undergoing Soave's transabdominal pull-through. The study is a prospective study in neonates, infants and children presenting to Surgery Department of B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal with a diagnosis ...
Hammond Kerry L - - 2010
PURPOSE:: To determine the outcomes of patients after transanal rectocele repair. METHODS:: The Birmingham Bowel and Urinary Symptoms Questionnaire (BBUSQ-22), a validated instrument to evaluate bowel and urinary symptoms, was completed preoperatively by all patients undergoing transanal rectocele repair and postoperatively at a median interval of 8 months. The BBUSQ-22 ...
Juvet Florence - - 2010
Oesophageal foreign bodies are common in dogs. Endoscopic removal is a viable treatment option but few studies have assessed the clinical and radiographic features that would be useful in decision-making and prognosis.Dogs (n = 44) with oesophageal foreign bodies presented to the University Veterinary Hospital were assessed. Terriers and West ...
Tabata Tsutomu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose membrane (Seprafilm) on early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) in patients with gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: One hundred forty-five patients who had Seprafilm placed during gynecological surgery between April 2002 and March 2007 (Seprafilm group) were compared with a historical ...
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