Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1292
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Carlson Charlotte M CM School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2011
It is unclear whether lack of follow-up after screening fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) in older adults is due to screening patients whose comorbidity or preferences do not permit follow-up vs failure to complete follow-up in healthy patients. A prospective cohort study of 2410 patients 70 years or older screened ...
Munson Gregory W - - 2011
Recent research suggests that the colonoscopy polyp detection rate (PDR) varies by time of day, possibly because of endoscopist fatigue. Mayo Clinic Rochester (MCR) schedules colonoscopies on 3-hour shifts, which should minimize fatigue. To examine PDR variation with the MCR shift schedule. Retrospective cohort. Outpatient tertiary-care center. This study involved ...
O'Brien Seamus - - 2010
Lower limb length differences of up to 10mm exist in 60% - 95% of the population.There are usually no symptoms or functional effects. Following Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA), satisfactory clinical results can be spoiled by dissatisfaction due to a change in leg length. Although the change in leg length may ...
Tribonias G - - 2010
Aim  We sought to compare the performance of colonoscopy using a high-definition, wide-angle endoscope vs a standard colonoscope for the detection of polyps. Method  A total of 390 patients were prospectively randomized into high-definition colonoscopy group (HD, n = 193) and standard colonoscopy group (SC, n = 197). Results  Analysis demonstrated that there were ...
Rao Satish S C SS Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. - - 2010
To examine whether endoscopic mucosal clipping prevents probe migration. Ambulatory colonic manometry can provide useful pathophysiologic information regarding colonic motor function. However, probe displacement during prolonged recording can be problematic. Thirty healthy volunteers underwent 24-hour ambulatory colonic manometry with colonoscopic-assisted probe placement, and fluoroscopic confirmation of the location of most ...
Lidor Anne O - - 2010
This study seeks to compare outcomes (in-hospital mortality, colostomy rates, and 30-day readmission rates) in older adult patients undergoing emergency/urgent versus elective surgery for diverticulitis. Data were derived from the 100% Medicare Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR) inpatient file from 2004-2007. All patients 65 years of age and above with ...
Digalakis Michail - - 2011
Interposition of a reversed intestinal segment as a factor facilitating intestinal adaptation has been experimentally investigated. Controversy exists about its efficacy in terms of body weight improvement, direction of luminal changes, and underlying mechanisms. This study aims to provide a comprehensive approach. The pigs were randomly allocated to two groups: ...
Costa-Júnior L M - - 2011
The objective of the present work was to evaluate the efficacy of a non-sulphur-based homeopathic preparation and a sulphur-containing natural product derived from Allium sativum (Linnaeus) against infestation by the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini) (Acari: Ixodidae). A total of 24 crossbred calves (7 : 8 Holstein : Zebu), ...
Burjonrappa Sathyaprasad - - 2011
To describe the outcomes of 130 intestinal atresias between 1982 and 2007. Records were analyzed for location, demographics, prenatal diagnosis, birth weight, associated anomalies, surgery, establishment of oral intake, re-interventions and mortality. Statistical analyses were performed using Fisher test and ANOVA. There were 59 duodenal (30 male), 63 jejuno-ileal (34 ...
Haapamäki Markku M - - 2011
Four liters or more of orally taken polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) has proved to be an effective large-bowel cleansing method prior to colonoscopy. The problem has been the large volume of fluid and its taste, which is unacceptable to some examinees. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of 2 l PEG ...
Pazo Adner - - 2010
To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of children with intussusception and failed initial air enema reduction who were managed by delayed repeat enema attempts and identify predictors associated with successful reduction. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of children diagnosed with intussusception who received care at an urban 110-bed ...
Tekın Ahmet - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine whether liquid glutamine given to rabbits after resection is as effective as intravenous (i.v.) glutamine and to study the positive effects of glutamine on mucosal atrophy that occurs after bowel resection. Thirty rabbits with an average weight of 2500 g were used. ...
Jharap B - - 2010
Thiopurines have proven efficacy in long-term maintenance therapy of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Limited data are available with regard to factors predicting effectiveness and failure of long-term thiopurine use in IBD patients. The data in this retrospective study are based on an 8-year intercept cohort of previous or present thiopurine-using ...
Ludwig Kirk - - 2010
A pooled post hoc responder analysis was performed to assess the clinical benefit of alvimopan, a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor (PAM-OR) antagonist, for the management of postoperative ileus after bowel resection. Adult patients who underwent laparotomy for bowel resection scheduled for opioid-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia received oral alvimopan or placebo ...
Hafeez Rehana - - 2011
To derive an MRI score for assessing severity, therapeutic response and prognosis in acute severe inflammatory colitis. Twenty-one patients with acute severe colitis underwent colonic MRI after admission and again (n = 16) after median 5 days of treatment. Using T2-weighted images, two radiologists in consensus graded segmental haustral loss, mesenteric and mural ...
Tee Hoi-Poh HP Gastroenterology Unit, Medical Department, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Jalan Tanah Putih, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. - - 2010
To study the significance of cap-fitted colonoscopy in improving cecal intubation time and polyp detection rate. This study was a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted from March 2008 to February 2009 in a tertiary referral hospital at Sydney. The primary end point was cecal intubation time and the secondary endpoint ...
Kokotilo Matthew S - - 2010
Our lab has developed an effective nutrient-rich solution that facilitates energy production and control of oxidative stress during static cold storage of the intestine; however, the requirement for oncotic agents, such as hydroxyethylstarch (HES), has not been evaluated. This study investigated the effectiveness and requirement for HES in an intraluminal ...
Kudszus Stefanie - - 2010
Up to 19% of all colorectal resections develop clinically apparent insufficiencies. Insufficient perfusion of the anastomosis is recognized as an important risk factor. As tissue perfusion can be objectified intraoperatively using laser fluorescence angiography (LFA), its effect on the rate of anastomotic complications was evaluated in a retrospective matched-pairs analysis. ...
Lawrence Edward M - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of low-volume hybrid computed tomography colonography bowel preparation, using both laxatives and oral contrast, with standard polyethylene glycol lavage. METHODS: The study group consisted of 300 consecutive adults (mean age, 58.3 years) who underwent colonoscopy immediately after positive computed ...
Garborg Kjetil - - 2010
We report a success rate of 83% with faecal donor instillation therapy (FDIT) in this retrospective study of 40 patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD), treated at a medium sized Norwegian hospital from 1994 through 2008. The stool transplant was instilled either in the duodenum through a gastroscope or ...
Yamano Hiro-o - - 2010
Insufflation with carbon dioxide (CO(2)) in colonoscopy has not been widely adopted and, consequently, limited data are available on insufflated gas volume and blood pCO(2). The aim of this study was to compare CO(2) and air as an insufflation agent in patients undergoing colonoscopy without sedation in terms of insufflated ...
Yang Dong-Hoon - - 2010
Constipation in patients with mild spinal cord disease is not well investigated yet. We aimed to investigate anorectal function and the effect of biofeedback therapy in constipated patients with mild spinal cord diseases. A total of 14 constipated patients with myelopathy and 32 with radiculopathy were enrolled retrospectively. All patients ...
Küçük Hasan Fehmi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated our treatment modality and timing of surgery in acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AMIO) patients who were admitted to the emergency room. METHODS: Only patients with the diagnosis of AMIO were included in this study. Surgery was performed in patients with hemodynamic instability despite fluid ...
Miller Mark - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether use of oral vancomycin for treatment during an outbreak of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) was associated with increased rates of colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of hospital databases. SETTING: The Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. METHODS: We collected data regarding ...
Rey J F - - 2010
Video capsule endoscopy has been established in diagnosis of small-bowel disease and has been evaluated for esophageal pathology and recently for colorectal diagnostics. Gastric capsule endoscopy has not hitherto been feasible due to the stomach's large surface area and volume. We present the first application of a magnetically navigated capsule ...
Marmo Riccardo - - 2010
Adequate bowel cleansing is essential for a high-quality, effective, and safe colonoscopy. To evaluate the degree of colon cleansing comparing split-dosage versus non-split-dosage intake of two different polyethylene glycol (PEG) volumes (low-volume PEG + ascorbic acid vs standard-volume PEG-electrolyte solution) and to identify predictors of poor bowel cleansing. Single-blind, active ...
Rex Douglas K DK Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, - - 2010
Low-volume bowel preparations for colonoscopy improve tolerability. We compared the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of a new low-volume sulfate solution with a standard 4-L polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution as bowel preparation for colonoscopy. Multicenter, single-blind, randomized, noninferiority study. Five academic and community endoscopy centers in the United States. One ...
Dutta Hemonta Kr - - 2010
Single-stage transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) procedure is now widely used for rectosigmoid Hirschsprung's disease (HD). However, this procedure is associated with some common complications like stricture, enterocolitis, constipation, anastomotic dehiscence and perianal excoriation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of a modified TEPT operation in ...
Kim Anne C - - 2010
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported decreased continence in patients undergoing transanal endorectal pull-through (TERP) for Hirschsprung's disease compared to the older transabdominal approach (TAA). To address this, we examined long-term stooling outcomes in a large, multicenter cohort of patients undergoing either TERP or TAA. METHODS: Data were collected from 5 ...
Yakut Mustafa - - 2010
Oral sodium phosphate is an agent used commonly in our country for cleaning the intestines before colonoscopy. Our aim was to compare the safety, tolerability and efficiency of oral sodium phosphate solution used in colonoscopy preparation in patients over 70 years of age. This study was carried out in Ankara ...
Kim Hee Man - - 2010
Studies have investigated the use of different types of radiofrequency capsules for comparison or sequential capsule endoscopy, but none have compared the MiroCam device - which utilizes a novel data transmission technology - with other capsules. This study compared the feasibility of sequential capsule endoscopy using the MiroCam and PillCam ...
Kauppi Paula - - 2011
Background:  Causative agents of occupational asthma (OA) are well described in literature but far less is known about factors affecting the outcome of OA. Short duration of exposure, early diagnosis when symptoms appear and further avoidance of exposure have been suggested as good prognostic factors. This study was designed to ...
Dellon Evan S ES Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7080, USA. - - 2010
Visualization during GI endoscopy requires distention of the bowel lumen. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation decreases postprocedure abdominal discomfort and distension after colonoscopy, but there have been few published studies on its use in ERCP. To assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) insufflation during ERCP. Double-blind, controlled, randomized trial. Tertiary-care ...
Park Sin Sil - - 2010
Preparation regimens for morning colonoscopy are suboptimal. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy and tolerance of a split-dose magnesium citrate-low-volume (2 liters) polyethylene glycol (PEG) regimen for morning colonoscopy. A total of 232 patients were randomly assigned to receive 4 liters PEG (day before procedure; group ...
Daragics Katalin - - 2010
The utility of the (2-nitrophenyl)acetyl (NPAc) group for the protection of hydroxyl functions is reported. (2-Nitrophenyl)acetates are readily prepared starting from the commercially available, inexpensive (2-nitrophenyl)acetic acid, and these esters are stable under a series of common carbohydrate transformations. The NPAc group can be removed selectively using Zn and NH(4)Cl ...
Cecen Goksen - - 2010
To report a modified colostomy technique for permanent fecal diversion in calves with colonic atresia. Prospective study. Calves (n=19) with colonic atresia. Clinical findings, white blood cell counts, radiologic, ultrasonographic, and intraoperative findings were recorded. Calves were randomly divided into 2 groups: group 1 (n=9) had conventional colostomy and group ...
Lavu Harish - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mechanical bowel preparations (MBPs) are commonly administered preoperatively to patients who undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD); however, their effectiveness over a clear liquid diet (CLD) preparation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether MBP offers an advantage to patients who undergo PD. METHODS: In this retrospective review, ...
Cho Jae Hee - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Same-day bidirectional endoscopy including esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy is routinely performed to evaluate anemia and gastrointestinal bleeding, as well as to conduct cancer surveillance. Numerous questions have been raised regarding the most appropriate procedural sequence and the resulting potential procedure interactions. We compared the quality and ...
Javid Patrick J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical experience of a regional multidisciplinary intestinal failure program for children established in 2005. METHODS: Data were collected from a prospective internal database. Univariate analyses were performed to compare pre- and post-treatment outcomes. Median values are reported. RESULTS: Forty-nine children ...
Horvat Matjaz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preoperative bowel cleaning for elective colorectal surgery is a routine procedure. Synbiotics (probiotics plus prebiotics) are known for their beneficial effects on gut immune function and maintenance of the gut barrier. The main purpose of this study was to replace preoperative mechanical bowel cleaning with synbiotics and to assess ...
Bakare Tajudeen I B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The discrepancy in diameters of the resected ends coupled with the heavy faecal loads in the colon of chronically constipated children with Hirschsprung's disease makes definitive primary pull-through procedure quite difficulty in this group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four consecutive patients (aged 5 months to 11 years) who presented with ...
Najaf Tasnim A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To define the interval between clinical presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and bowel perforation in neonates. METHODS: Charts of neonates with discharge diagnosis of NEC (n = 124) from our NICU during 2004-2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data were collected. Acute episode of NEC was defined as the interval ...
Hsieh Yu-Hsi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Air insufflation is essential in routine colonoscopy, but obtaining optimal insufflation levels has not been discussed in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine optimal air insufflation during colonoscopic examination. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy were randomized to receive high-air insufflation (group A, n = ...
Romeo M G - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of gastrointestinal colonization by Candida species, of late-onset sepsis and neurological outcome in preterm newborns. A prospective study was conducted in 249 preterms who were subdivided into three groups: one group (n=83) was supplemented with Lactobacillus (L.) reuteri, one group with ...
Matro Rebecca - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Administering a purgative close to the time of colonoscopy is optimal for cleansing. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of morning-only (AM-only) polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution (PEG-ELS) to split-dose (PM/AM) PEG-ELS for afternoon colonoscopy. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, randomized, investigator-blinded, non-inferiority ...
Cappell Mitchell S - - 2010
Colonoscopy instrumentation and technique have improved from 1988 to 2008. We analyze whether these improvements have resulted in improved colonoscopy performance. This was a retrospective study of 50 consecutive inpatients in 1988 vs. 1998 vs. 2008 undergoing intended colonoscopy at a teaching hospital. Patient APACHE score, cecal and terminal ileal ...
Gunnarsdóttir A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the early functional outcome for patients with rectosigmoid Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is comparable for the Duhamel pull-through procedure and the transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) procedure, with less discomfort for the patient postoperatively after the TERPT technique. Eleven patients operated ...
Shaikh Abdullah A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Anxious patients can cause unexpected increases in healthcare costs that are often overlooked. There are no studies examining the use of an educational pamphlet and its effects on secondary outcomes at colonoscopy. The goal of this study was to determine if the use of an educational pamphlet lowers the ...
Overholt Bergein F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use and impact of the recommended withdrawal time of at least 6 minutes from the cecum in colonoscopy in multiple gastroenterology endoscopy ambulatory surgery centers serving a wide geographical area. METHODS: An observational prospective multicenter quality assurance review was conducted in 49 ambulatory surgery centers in ...
Taber Andrew - - 2010
According to national recommendations, colonoscopy withdrawal time (WT) on negative screening examinations should average more than 6 minutes because this time is associated with a higher rate of polyp detection. Attempts have been made to increase the WT; however, simply knowing that a quality measure, such as the WT, is ...
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