Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1242
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Kim Kyung Min - - 2010
Capsule endoscopy (CE) is used for various purposes. The aims of this study were to classify the types of antro-pyloric capsular movement in CE and to investigate the relationship between the types of capsular movement and clinical factors, including gastric emptying time (GET). Out of 103 patients who received CE ...
Hoeppner Jens - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrices have proven potential for in vivo tissue regeneration at gastrointestinal luminal organs. In this study, small intestinal submucosa (SIS) was tested as a sealant for colonic anastomoses in a rodent model. METHODS: In the rodent model, standard colonic anastomoses in the control group (CG; n = 30) ...
Gao Yun Jie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The methods for increasing the rate of complete small-bowel examinations by capsule endoscopy (CE) demonstrate conflicting results, and it is unknown whether improving the completion rate of CE transit is correlated with improvement in diagnostic yield. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a higher rate ...
Tseng Chia-Ying - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term use of warfarin can provide benefits in the treatment of many diseases, but adverse bleeding events are unpreventable because of a narrow therapeutic range. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective chart review with data abstraction was to investigate the clinical presentations of intestinal intramural hemorrhage in emergency department ...
Liao Z - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Currently, the default frame rate for capsule endoscopy is usually set at 2 frames per second (fps). We postulated that setting the frame rate at 1 fps for the whole procedure would save battery life and increase the completion rate without compromising the diagnostic yield. The ...
Reinemeyer Craig R - - 2010
In recent years, numerous veterinary practitioners have reported anecdotal episodes in which anthelmintic treatment did not appear to deliver the expected efficacy against equine pinworms (Oxyuris equi). Anthelmintic resistance has not been demonstrated formally in equine pinworms, so a clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of paste formulations ...
Chang Lin - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Alosetron is a potent, selective 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist prescribed for women with severe diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) under a risk management plan (RMP). The RMP was implemented following cases of ischemic colitis (IC) and complications of constipation (CoC) associated with the use of alosetron. The objectives of this ...
Kamm Michael A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Traditional surgical procedures for intractable idiopathic constipation are associated with a variable outcome and substantial morbidity. The symptomatic response, physiological effect and effect on quality of life of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) were evaluated in patients with constipation (slow transit and normal transit with impaired evacuation). METHODS: In a ...
Ngowe M N - - 2010
HYPOTHESIS: It is suggested that chewing gum may accelerate postoperative intestinal transit recovery. Chewing gum may therefore produce the same result after open appendectomy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, randomized study in a University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 46 patients operated on by open appendectomy due to acute catarrhal appendicitis, appendicular abscess ...
Bonestroo H J C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term clinical trials have shown that daily treatment with recombinant human deoxyribonuclease (rhDNAse) in patients with mild to moderate cystic fibrosis (CF) improves lung function and decreases the number of respiratory exacerbations. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of rhDNAse on the bacterial colonization of ...
Meurette G - - 2010
AIM: The Malone antegrade colonic enema (MACE) procedure is a minimally invasive treatment for severe constipation, and the objective of the present study was to assess the long-term results and quality of life in patients undergoing such colonic irrigation. METHOD: Twenty-five adult patients underwent MACE between 1995 and 2002 for ...
Lamiki Pepu - - 2010
To investigate the effectiveness and safety of a symbiotic mixture in preventing recurrence of constipation-related abdominal pain in patients with uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. Forty-six consecutive patients (10 men, 36 women, mean age 62.5 years, range 49 to 77 years), previously affected by symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of ...
Chung Jae Il - - 2010
Colonoscopy training programs and the minimal experience with colonoscopy required to be considered technically competent are not well established. The aim of this study was to determine the colonoscopy learning curves and factors associated with this difficult procedure at a single center. A total of 3,243 colonoscopies were performed by ...
Oida Takatsugu T Department of Surgery, Social Insurance Yokohama Central Hospital, 268 Yamashita-cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama 231-8553, Japan. - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic examination of blood flow and edema in the remnant bowel. We retrospectively studied 15 patients who underwent massive bowel resection with enterostomy for superior mesenteric arterial occlusion (SMAO); the patients were divided into a delayed closure group (D group) and an early closure group ...
Monreal L - - 2010
To assess the effect of enteral fluid therapy (EFT) in horses with colic, 78 adult horses with colon impactions and 30 with left dorsal colon displacements received an isotonic electrolyte solution via a nasogastric tube at a rate of 8 to 10 l every two hours until resolution of clinical ...
Rao Satish S C SS Department of Gastroenterology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1009, USA. - - 2010
Although biofeedback therapy is effective in the short-term management of dyssynergic defecation, its long-term efficacy is unknown. Our aim was to compare the 1-year outcome of biofeedback (manometric-assisted pelvic relaxation and simulated defecation training) with standard therapy (diet, exercise, laxatives) in patients who completed 3 months of either therapy. Stool ...
Burgos Laura - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Gastric pull-up has become the predominant technique for esophageal replacement because of allegedly deficient results of colon grafts. This retrospective study examines the long-term results in a large series of colonic interpositions. PATIENTS AND METHOD: One hundred six children (median, 2.9 years; range, 0.32-15 years) had their esophagus replaced ...
Griglione Nicole - - 2010
A 48-year-old man went to his primary care physician for his annual physical. He told his physician that for the past few years, he had intermittent, painless rectal bleeding consisting of small amounts of blood on the toilet paper after defecation. He also mentioned that he often spontaneously awoke, very ...
Koilakou Stavroula - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ileocolonoscopy poses the gold standard in the evaluation of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease (CD) at the site of ileocolonic anastomosis. Magnetic resonance enteroclysis (MRE) on the other hand is a promising technique for small bowel imaging. The aim was to compare MRE and ileocolonoscopy for predicting clinical recurrence ...
Ji Zhen-Ling - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of partial adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of oral administration of sesame oil to the standard of conservative treatment in this disease. METHODS: Sixty-four cases of partial adhesive SBO were retrospectively allocated into ...
Ladanyi Andras - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common undesired effects of analgesic opioid use and addiction is constipation. Numerous pharmacologic agents have been used to treat opioid-induced bowel hypomotility with limited success. Methylnaltrexone bromide (MNTX) selectively targets the peripheral adverse effects of opioids while preserving the central analgesic effects of opioid agonist ...
Gianotti Luca L Department of Surgery, Milano-Bicocca University, San Gerardo Hopsital, Via Pergolesi 33, 20052 Monza, Italy. - - 2010
To investigate whether probiotic bacteria, given perioperatively, might adhere to the colonic mucosa, reduce concentration of pathogens in stools, and modulate the local immune function. A randomized, double-blind clinical trial was carried out in 31 subjects undergoing elective colorectal resection for cancer. Patients were allocated to receive either a placebo ...
Bae Ki-Beom - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This experimental study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of using cyanoacrylate adhesive for sutureless colonic anastomosis and as a protective seal to prevent leakage. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats (300 +/- 10 g, 9 weeks old) were divided into three groups: in group I, the anastomosis was sutured in ...
May Andrea - - 2010
Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is now an established method for diagnostic and therapeutic small-bowel endoscopy. Single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) has been introduced to simplify the technique. A prospective randomized study was carried out to compare the two methods. The study included 100 patients (50 in each group; 63 men, 37 women; mean ...
Doerfer Joerg - - 2010
This study was designed to analyze whether routine radiological controls of anastomoses in the upper gastrointestinal tract an early detection of anastomotic leaks. 135 patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal tract surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Patients in the first group (n = 55) underwent routine radiological control of the anastomoses. In ...
De Greef E - - 2010
Clinical management of short bowel syndrome remains a multistage process. Although PN is crucial, early introduction of enteral feeding is mandatory. We describe retrospectively 4 patients with an ultrashort bowel who could be weaned off PN on very short terms after introduction of an amino-acid-based formula (Neocate). Patient 1 had ...
Shakya Vikal Chandra - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical profile and outcome of patients with Hirschsprung's disease undergoing Soave's transabdominal pull-through. The study is a prospective study in neonates, infants and children presenting to Surgery Department of B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal with a diagnosis ...
Hammond Kerry L - - 2010
PURPOSE:: To determine the outcomes of patients after transanal rectocele repair. METHODS:: The Birmingham Bowel and Urinary Symptoms Questionnaire (BBUSQ-22), a validated instrument to evaluate bowel and urinary symptoms, was completed preoperatively by all patients undergoing transanal rectocele repair and postoperatively at a median interval of 8 months. The BBUSQ-22 ...
Juvet Florence - - 2010
Oesophageal foreign bodies are common in dogs. Endoscopic removal is a viable treatment option but few studies have assessed the clinical and radiographic features that would be useful in decision-making and prognosis.Dogs (n = 44) with oesophageal foreign bodies presented to the University Veterinary Hospital were assessed. Terriers and West ...
Tabata Tsutomu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose membrane (Seprafilm) on early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) in patients with gynecologic malignancies. METHODS: One hundred forty-five patients who had Seprafilm placed during gynecological surgery between April 2002 and March 2007 (Seprafilm group) were compared with a historical ...
Hoeppner J - - 2010
Anastomotic leakage is a major factor for morbidity in colorectal surgery. Anastomotic reinforcement with biological or synthetic materials has been claimed to be useful in preventing anastomotic leakage. We evaluated a non-cross-linked collagenous matrix Bio-Gide (BG) for sealing colonic anastomoses in a rodent model. The animals were investigated for 4, ...
Erwin Terry L - - 2010
Revisions of two new species groups of the genus Agra Fabricius are presented with the following species described as new: pusilla group - Agra cruciariasp. n. (Brazil), Agra gracesp. n. (Ecuador,Perú), Agra maxsp. n. (Brazil), Agra minasianussp. n. (Brazil),Agra notpusillasp. n. (Brazil), Agra pseudopusillasp. n. (Brazil); piranha group - Agra ...
Aysan Erhan - - 2010
Polyglycolic acid mesh (PAM) reinforcement of colonic anastomoses were evaluated. Twenty female albino rabbits were divided into two groups. Each rabbit underwent segmental colonic resection with single-layer anastomosis. In one group of rabbits, PAM of length equal to the circumference of the anastomosis was applied. Rabbits were sacrificed on postoperative ...
Waye Jerome D JD Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York, USA. - - 2010
Colonoscopy may fail to detect neoplasia located on the proximal sides of haustral folds and flexures. The Third Eye Retroscope (TER) provides a simultaneous retrograde view that complements the forward view of a standard colonoscope. To evaluate the added benefit for polyp detection during colonoscopy of a retrograde-viewing device. Open-label, ...
Asteria Corrado R - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the role of defunctioning stoma (DS) in elderly high-risk patients with bowel obstruction from advanced colorectal cancer, by exploring consistent variables of outcome, because every other procedure was unfeasible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6-year survey in a single surgery unit (between ...
Shang Hongkai - - 2010
Postoperative ileus is one of the common problems after abdominal surgeries. It contributes to delayed recovery and prolongs hospital stay. Sham feeding, such as gum chewing, may accelerate return of bowel function and reduce morbidity and length of hospital stay. This study aimed to determine whether gum chewing in the ...
Parente Fabrizio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Mucosal healing has been proposed as an important sign of the efficacy of medical treatment of inflammatory bowel disease; however, direct evidence in ulcerative colitis (UC) is scarce. We evaluated the usefulness of colonoscopy and bowel ultrasound (US) as indexes of response to short-term therapy and as predictors of ...
Braga Fabio Ribeiro - - 2010
The predatory capacity of the nematophagous fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia (isolate VC4) embedded in sodium alginate pellets after passage through the gastrointestinal tract of horses was assessed in vitro against Oxyuris equi eggs. Twelve previously dewormed crossbred mares, average weight of 362.5kg (+/-21) were used in the experiment. Each animal of ...
Halachmi-Eyal Orly - - 2009
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of adding topical moxifloxacin 0.5% to topical povidone-iodine 5.0% for preoperative reduction of bacterial recovery from the conjunctiva. SETTING: Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. METHODS: The study population comprised adult patients scheduled for elective intraocular surgery. Two hours before surgery, patients were randomly assigned to ...
Bekkali Noor-L-Houda - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that enemas and polyethylene glycol (PEG) would be equally effective in treating rectal fecal impaction (RFI) but enemas would be less well tolerated and colonic transit time (CTT) would improve during disimpaction. METHODS: Children (4-16 years) with functional constipation and RFI participated. One week before disimpaction, a ...
Shen Chun - - 2009
PURPOSE: Total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) is a relatively uncommon and severe condition managed by pediatric surgeons. Several procedures exist for the treatment of TCA. However, there is no current consensus on a superior operative procedure. The objective of this article is to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of the Soave procedure ...
Ieiri Satoshi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To identify the clinical features in diagnosis and treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) associated with Down syndrome (DS), the authors retrospectively analyzed data for patients with DS from the past 3 nationwide surveys in Japan. This survey was already approved by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Surgeons. METHODS: Patient ...
Kafali Hasan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of gum chewing on postoperative bowel function after cesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women who underwent cesarean section were randomized to either a gum-chewing group (n = 74) or a non-gum-chewing group (n = 76). The two groups were compared with respect to the return ...
Fayez Raad - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of simulation for competency assessment requires validation of the simulator's performance metrics. This study evaluated whether the Simbionix GI Mentor II virtual reality simulator metrics differentiate gastrointestinal endoscopists with varying clinical experience (known-groups construct validity). METHODS: For this study, 20 subjects (medical and surgical) were classified into ...
Ensari C O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality due to anastomotic complications in gastrointestinal surgery remain important problems. The tissue adhesive N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NB2CA) is used in many fields of surgery. This study was designed to assess the effects of NB2CA on high-level jejunojejunostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty male albino Wistar rats were divided into ...
Uraoka Toshio T Department of Endoscopy, Okayama University Hospital, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. - - 2009
To clarify the effectiveness of CO(2) insufflation in potentially difficult colonoscopy cases, particularly in relation to the experience level of colonoscopists. One hundred twenty potentially difficult cases were included in this study, which involved females with a low body mass index and patients with earlier abdominal and/or pelvic open surgery ...
Nakamura Masanao - - 2009
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: At the time of interpretation of Video Capsule Endoscopy (VCE), we sometimes see the characteristic anatomic landmarks like the major papilla of the duodenum. However, the frequency of these images and the factor affecting VCE transit are not well known. The aim of the study is to disclose the ...
Kohno Miyuki - - 2009
PURPOSE: Herein, we compared the bowel function after a transabdominal and a transanal procedure for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) using the clinical score and a quantitative evaluation of the feces excretion function based on the findings of an RI-defecogram. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects included 35 patients with short segment aganglionosis. ...
Copeland Daniel R - - 2009
PURPOSE: Contrast enema is the initial study of choice for simple meconium ileus to confirm diagnosis and to relieve obstruction. Despite favorable historically published results, our clinical impression suggests decreased effectiveness of the contrast enema resulting in more surgical interventions in contemporary practice. METHODS: A retrospective multiinstitutional review for a ...
Ulas Murat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: When used separately, antineoplastic agents and carbon dioxide (CO(2)) pneumoperitoneum have been reported to impair anastomotic healing in experimental animals. However, the effects of their combined use have not been previously investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility that neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil followed by ...
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