Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1270
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Bergman M - - 2011
Two stormwater infiltration trenches were installed in 1993 in an area in central Copenhagen. The system was monitored continuously for almost three years after establishment, and a small reduction in performance over that time, possibly due to clogging, was noted. A new study was conducted in 2009 to see whether ...
Sato Hirokazu - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and adverse reactions during initial treatment and long-term outcome between children and adolescents with Graves' disease (GD) treated with propylthiouracil (PTU) and those treated with methimazole (MMI). Retrospective and collaborative study. Children and adolescents with GD were divided into group ...
Fell James C - - 2011
Following the model of Drug Courts, three Georgia Driving-Under-the-Influence (DUI) Courts (established in Chatham, Clarke, and Hall Counties in 2003) were designed to address the underlying alcohol problems of repeat DUI offenders through continuous and frequent judicially supervised treatment, periodic alcohol and other drug testing, the use of graduated sanctions, ...
- - 2011
Good outcomes when using splints to treat headaches.
Park S K - - 2011
Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) can reduce the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) almost as much as a single antiemetic. This study compared TIVA (using propofol and remifentanil) with prophylactic palonosetron (a 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonist) combined with inhalation anaesthesia using sevoflurane in 50% nitrous oxide, for the ...
Tang Liang - - 2011
Chinese species of Dianous group I are studied and three new species are described: Dianous fengtingaesp. n. from Hainan Province, Dianous zhujianqingisp. n. from Jiangxi and Guizhou Province, and Dianous huanghaoisp. n. from Yunnan Province. Dianous shan Rougemont and Dianous viridicupreus Rougemont are discovered from China for the first time. ...
Krčmar Stjepan - - 2011
Thirty six species of horse flies (Tabanidae) were previously known from Serbia (Europe). The present faunistic study of horse flies (Tabanidae) has resulted in the recording of the 4 new species Atylotus fulvus (Meigen, 1804); Tabanus miki Brauer in Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1880; Tabanus unifasciatus Loew, 1858; and Heptatoma pellucens ...
Yan Zhi-chao - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy, safety, and mechanisms of Sirolimus sustained delivery film on prevention of scar formation in a rabbit model of glaucoma filtration surgery. Sixty-four New Zealand white rabbits who underwent trabeculectomy in the right eye were randomly allocated to one of the four treatment regimens: Sirolimus sustained delivery ...
Trindade-Filho Joaquim - - 2011
In a world limited by data availability and limited funds for conservation, scientists and practitioners must use indicator groups to define spatial conservation priorities. Several studies have evaluated the effectiveness of indicator groups, but still little is known about the consistency in performance of these groups in different regions, which ...
Knösel Michael M University Medical Center, Gottingen, Germany. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the durability of bleaching results achieved with (1) 15% carbamide peroxide home bleaching and (2) 38% hydrogen peroxide in-office bleaching. A total of 231 extracted anterior teeth were randomly divided into three groups (n = 77 in each group) with comparable mean ...
Xu Ran - - 2010
Bowel preparation (BP) is performed routinely before intestinal surgery to reduce the risk of postoperative infectious complications. We studied the effect of BP on patients who underwent radical cystectomy and ileal conduit surgery. Our goal was to determine whether BP in these patients provided any benefits postoperatively. Between Match 2006 ...
Sivaprakasam Jai - - 2010
Cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis is used to assess competency in practical procedures. Previous studies have used CUSUM to assess competence in administering labour epidural, but these assessments were mainly performed with novice trainees. Different acceptable failure rates for the same procedure, such as administering labour epidural, have been used. In ...
Errouissi F - - 2010
A 2-year study was performed in two sites in southern France to assess the effect of ivermectin residues on the attractiveness of cattle dung to colonizing insects. Insect captures were compared between pitfall traps baited with dung from untreated cattle and dung from cattle that had been treated with a ...
Tonelli Francesco - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate strictureplasty as the first choice for surgical treatment for Crohn's terminal ileitis. Between 1996 and 2000 we performed Finney-shaped ileocecal strictureplasty (ICS), doubling up the diseased terminal ileum, in 14 patients affected by Crohn's disease (group A). We compared the postoperative ...
Dai Jun - - 2010
Up to 10% of colonoscopy procedures cannot be completed and polyps may be missed because of patients' discomfort and the endoscopists' technique. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and safety of attaching a transparent cap to improve the outcome, especially for inexperienced endoscopists. A total of ...
da Fonseca Leonardo Maciel - - 2011
We have proposed a simplified perioperative rehabilitation program for elective colonic surgery that is focused on early oral nutrition and that could reduce hospital stay and postoperative ileus time without raising complications and readmission rates. Fifty-four patients admitted for elective colonic surgery were prospectively randomized into two groups: (1) an ...
Eun Chang Soo - - 2011
We aimed to compare the quality of bowel preparation and cecal intubation rates between morning and afternoon colonoscopies and to evaluate the difference in quality of bowel preparation according to the intervals between starting and ending intake of bowel preparation agent and the initiation of colonoscopy. In this prospective study, ...
Shibuya Tomoyoshi - - 2010
The effects of short- or long-term administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the colon have not been well characterized. We assessed the risk of developing colonic mucosal lesions according to the duration of exposure to NSAIDs: short-term and/or long-term use. A case-controlled study was performed by reviewing medical records ...
Bretagnol Frederic - - 2010
To assess with a single-blinded, multicenter, randomized trial, the postoperative results in patients undergoing sphincter-saving rectal resection for cancer without preoperative mechanical bowel preparation (MBP). The collective evidence from literature strongly suggests that MBP, before elective colonic surgery, is of no benefit in terms of postoperative morbidity. Very few data ...
Gurudu Suryakanth R - - 2010
Afternoon colonoscopies have higher failure rates, due primarily to poor bowel cleansing. Hypothesizing that the time of administration influences the quality of bowel cleansing, we compared the quality of bowel cleansing for afternoon colonoscopies in patients completing the preparation on the same day vs. the day before colonoscopy. Data on ...
Niramis Rangsan - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine how to manage children with recurrence of intussusception. Medical records of patients treated for intussusception from 1976 to 2008 at the Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health were reviewed. Information on patients who developed recurrent intussusception was extracted to study patterns ...
Wu Liucheng - - 2011
Abstract Background. The value of supplemental use of Simethicone in endoscopy including capsule endoscopy (CE), colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy is not addressed and is controversial. Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies on the use of Simethicone for endoscopy were carried out. The effects of this preparation on ...
Gilmore Andrea Wilkie - - 2011
The objective of the study was to describe the utility of emergency department (ED)/outpatient management after enema reduction for childhood intussusception. A retrospective medical record review of children aged 2 months to 6 years with confirmed intussusception who underwent enema reduction in a tertiary care academic children's hospital was performed. ...
Girelli Carlo M - - 2011
Capsule endoscopy is a high-sensitive tool for the investigation of suspected small bowel disorders, but its effectiveness in elderly patients is unknown. We sought to determine capsule endoscopy feasibility and diagnostic yield in octogenarians. Records of patients ≥ 80 years old (Group A) were retrieved from a database of 827 ...
Davis W - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerance of an additional phosphate enema prior to non-laxative CT colonography (CTC). 71 patients (mean age 80 years, 28 male, 43 female) underwent non-laxative CTC following 4 oral doses of diluted 2% w/w barium sulphate. Patients were invited to ...
Chen J Z - - 2010
The diagnosis of long segment Hirschsprung's disease (LSHD) is frequently delayed. Our purpose was to: 1) summarize contrast enema (CE) findings in patients with LSHD, and 2) evaluate the utility of CE by comparing LSHD patients managed with/without pre-biopsy CE. All LSHD cases (transition zone [TZ] proximal to the splenic ...
Choi Hoon - - 2011
To determine whether chewing gum during the postoperative period facilitates the recovery of bowel function and has different efficacy according to operative method used in patients with radical cystectomy. From July 2007 to September 2009, we randomized open radical cystectomy (ORC) patients into Group AI (ORC without gum chewing) and ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2011
To explore whether addition of abdominal sonography (AUS) to plain radiography is helpful in the management of premature newborns with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This study is a prospective analysis of 93 premature neonates with NEC who were followed-up in our neonatal intensive care unit between October 2007 and April 2009. ...
Carlson Charlotte M CM School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2011
It is unclear whether lack of follow-up after screening fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) in older adults is due to screening patients whose comorbidity or preferences do not permit follow-up vs failure to complete follow-up in healthy patients. A prospective cohort study of 2410 patients 70 years or older screened ...
Munson Gregory W - - 2011
Recent research suggests that the colonoscopy polyp detection rate (PDR) varies by time of day, possibly because of endoscopist fatigue. Mayo Clinic Rochester (MCR) schedules colonoscopies on 3-hour shifts, which should minimize fatigue. To examine PDR variation with the MCR shift schedule. Retrospective cohort. Outpatient tertiary-care center. This study involved ...
O'Brien Seamus - - 2010
Lower limb length differences of up to 10mm exist in 60% - 95% of the population.There are usually no symptoms or functional effects. Following Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA), satisfactory clinical results can be spoiled by dissatisfaction due to a change in leg length. Although the change in leg length may ...
Tribonias G - - 2010
Aim  We sought to compare the performance of colonoscopy using a high-definition, wide-angle endoscope vs a standard colonoscope for the detection of polyps. Method  A total of 390 patients were prospectively randomized into high-definition colonoscopy group (HD, n = 193) and standard colonoscopy group (SC, n = 197). Results  Analysis demonstrated that there were ...
Rao Satish S C SS Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. - - 2010
To examine whether endoscopic mucosal clipping prevents probe migration. Ambulatory colonic manometry can provide useful pathophysiologic information regarding colonic motor function. However, probe displacement during prolonged recording can be problematic. Thirty healthy volunteers underwent 24-hour ambulatory colonic manometry with colonoscopic-assisted probe placement, and fluoroscopic confirmation of the location of most ...
Lidor Anne O - - 2010
This study seeks to compare outcomes (in-hospital mortality, colostomy rates, and 30-day readmission rates) in older adult patients undergoing emergency/urgent versus elective surgery for diverticulitis. Data were derived from the 100% Medicare Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR) inpatient file from 2004-2007. All patients 65 years of age and above with ...
Digalakis Michail - - 2011
Interposition of a reversed intestinal segment as a factor facilitating intestinal adaptation has been experimentally investigated. Controversy exists about its efficacy in terms of body weight improvement, direction of luminal changes, and underlying mechanisms. This study aims to provide a comprehensive approach. The pigs were randomly allocated to two groups: ...
Costa-Júnior L M - - 2011
The objective of the present work was to evaluate the efficacy of a non-sulphur-based homeopathic preparation and a sulphur-containing natural product derived from Allium sativum (Linnaeus) against infestation by the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini) (Acari: Ixodidae). A total of 24 crossbred calves (7 : 8 Holstein : Zebu), ...
Burjonrappa Sathyaprasad - - 2011
To describe the outcomes of 130 intestinal atresias between 1982 and 2007. Records were analyzed for location, demographics, prenatal diagnosis, birth weight, associated anomalies, surgery, establishment of oral intake, re-interventions and mortality. Statistical analyses were performed using Fisher test and ANOVA. There were 59 duodenal (30 male), 63 jejuno-ileal (34 ...
Haapamäki Markku M - - 2011
Four liters or more of orally taken polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) has proved to be an effective large-bowel cleansing method prior to colonoscopy. The problem has been the large volume of fluid and its taste, which is unacceptable to some examinees. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of 2 l PEG ...
Pazo Adner - - 2010
To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of children with intussusception and failed initial air enema reduction who were managed by delayed repeat enema attempts and identify predictors associated with successful reduction. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of children diagnosed with intussusception who received care at an urban 110-bed ...
Tekın Ahmet - - 2010
The aim of this study was to examine whether liquid glutamine given to rabbits after resection is as effective as intravenous (i.v.) glutamine and to study the positive effects of glutamine on mucosal atrophy that occurs after bowel resection. Thirty rabbits with an average weight of 2500 g were used. ...
Jharap B - - 2010
Thiopurines have proven efficacy in long-term maintenance therapy of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Limited data are available with regard to factors predicting effectiveness and failure of long-term thiopurine use in IBD patients. The data in this retrospective study are based on an 8-year intercept cohort of previous or present thiopurine-using ...
Ludwig Kirk - - 2010
A pooled post hoc responder analysis was performed to assess the clinical benefit of alvimopan, a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor (PAM-OR) antagonist, for the management of postoperative ileus after bowel resection. Adult patients who underwent laparotomy for bowel resection scheduled for opioid-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia received oral alvimopan or placebo ...
Hafeez Rehana - - 2011
To derive an MRI score for assessing severity, therapeutic response and prognosis in acute severe inflammatory colitis. Twenty-one patients with acute severe colitis underwent colonic MRI after admission and again (n = 16) after median 5 days of treatment. Using T2-weighted images, two radiologists in consensus graded segmental haustral loss, mesenteric and mural ...
Tee Hoi-Poh HP Gastroenterology Unit, Medical Department, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Jalan Tanah Putih, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. - - 2010
To study the significance of cap-fitted colonoscopy in improving cecal intubation time and polyp detection rate. This study was a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted from March 2008 to February 2009 in a tertiary referral hospital at Sydney. The primary end point was cecal intubation time and the secondary endpoint ...
Kokotilo Matthew S - - 2010
Our lab has developed an effective nutrient-rich solution that facilitates energy production and control of oxidative stress during static cold storage of the intestine; however, the requirement for oncotic agents, such as hydroxyethylstarch (HES), has not been evaluated. This study investigated the effectiveness and requirement for HES in an intraluminal ...
Kudszus Stefanie - - 2010
Up to 19% of all colorectal resections develop clinically apparent insufficiencies. Insufficient perfusion of the anastomosis is recognized as an important risk factor. As tissue perfusion can be objectified intraoperatively using laser fluorescence angiography (LFA), its effect on the rate of anastomotic complications was evaluated in a retrospective matched-pairs analysis. ...
Lawrence Edward M - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of low-volume hybrid computed tomography colonography bowel preparation, using both laxatives and oral contrast, with standard polyethylene glycol lavage. METHODS: The study group consisted of 300 consecutive adults (mean age, 58.3 years) who underwent colonoscopy immediately after positive computed ...
Garborg Kjetil - - 2010
We report a success rate of 83% with faecal donor instillation therapy (FDIT) in this retrospective study of 40 patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD), treated at a medium sized Norwegian hospital from 1994 through 2008. The stool transplant was instilled either in the duodenum through a gastroscope or ...
Yamano Hiro-o - - 2010
Insufflation with carbon dioxide (CO(2)) in colonoscopy has not been widely adopted and, consequently, limited data are available on insufflated gas volume and blood pCO(2). The aim of this study was to compare CO(2) and air as an insufflation agent in patients undergoing colonoscopy without sedation in terms of insufflated ...
Yang Dong-Hoon - - 2010
Constipation in patients with mild spinal cord disease is not well investigated yet. We aimed to investigate anorectal function and the effect of biofeedback therapy in constipated patients with mild spinal cord diseases. A total of 14 constipated patients with myelopathy and 32 with radiculopathy were enrolled retrospectively. All patients ...
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