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Results 201 - 250 of 1311
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Ellul D - - 2011
Objectives:To analyse the completeness and accuracy of the written handover in our ENT department, in line with Royal College of Surgeons of England guidance, and to improve standards.Setting:University Hospital, Cumberland Infirmary, Carlisle, UK.Methods and results:We prospectively analysed the written handover over two periods (of 30 and 18 days each). In ...
Hashimoto Ayumi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Recently, linear staplers have been used frequently in thoracic surgery; however, air leakage from the staple line is still unresolved. Various buttress materials have been developed to prevent air leakage, but performance is still not satisfactory. We are therefore developing a new material, consisting of calcium alginate nonwoven fabric ...
Niu M-Y - - 2011
Objective: To study the effect of different oxygen therapies on the rats with carbon dioxide poisoning for screening out the best on-the-spot oxygen-therapy technology for treating acute carbon dioxide poisoning. Methods: The 60 healthy male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group (A group), carbon dioxide poisoning ...
Ferreira Adriano Menis - - 2011
The objective of this study was to quantify the colony forming units (cfu) on latex procedure gloves in the beginning, middle, and end of the containers in real (professional) and controlled (researcher) gloving situations; evaluate the microbial load of the gloves, considering the time of exposure in the environment. This ...
Liu Wen-Bor - - 2011
The objective of this study was to improve the reproductive efficiency of dairy cows with puerperal metritis (PM) subsequent to retained placenta (RP) using a two-step treatment strategy. A total of 188 postpartum cows, aged from 2 to 8 years, were utilised for 2 experiments. In Experiment 1, cows affected ...
Kawaura Akihiko - - 2011
Sixty-three male 5-week-old Syrian hamsters received the carcinogen N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP) s.c. in 5 weekly injections (the first, 70mg/kg body, and the remaining, 20mg/kg each). The hamsters that received BOP were given intragastric administration of 0.2ml of medium chain triglyceride (MCT) with or without 0.04μg of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 [1α(OH)D3] through a ...
- - 2011
The ISFA wishes to acknowledge the following 2011 Corporate Sponsors.
Parise Carol A - - 2011
Even pacing has been recommended for optimal performances in running distances up to 100 km. Trail ultramarathons traverse varied terrain, which does not allow for even pacing. This study examined differences in how runners of various abilities paced their efforts in the Western States Endurance Run (WSER), a 161 km ...
Gyurus E - - 2011
This retrospective analysis evaluated the impacts of sirolimus (SRL), cyclosporine (CsA), and steroids (S) on the occurrence, treatment, and complications of new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT). We compared 4 groups: group 1, SRL plus full-exposure CsA/S (n = 118); group 2, full-exposure CsA/S/no SRL ± antiproliferative drug (n = 141); ...
Efe Turgay - - 2011
The purpose of this roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) study was to evaluate the initial stability of cemented and cementless tibial components in vitro. Twenty tibia specimens were matched into two groups. In the first group, the tibial trays were cemented superficially and in the second group cementless fixation with stem ...
Golparvar Mohammad - - 2011
Induction of anesthesia is the most crucial period of general anesthesia. Inhalational induction is the most commonly used technique in pediatric anesthesia. Tracheal intubation can be done after reaching the deep levels of anesthesia. The depth of anesthesia is often difficult to be judged. Bispectral index is a measure of ...
Pitney Mark M Eastern Heart Clinic, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia. - - 2011
This is the initial report of stent deformation/pseudofracture of the 7 crown Endeavor/Micro Driver stent platform (2.25-2.75 mm), whereby the post-dilation balloon catches and causes major stent deformation angiographically appearing as a large stent fracture. We sought to determine frequency and cause. Analysis of 1,000 consecutive Endeavor/Micro Driver stents (7 ...
Riesmeyer Jeffrey S - - 2011
In TRITON-TIMI 38, levels of the prasugrel active metabolite (pras-AM) were measured in a population pharmacokinetic substudy that characterized the intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing exposure. Higher exposure to the pras-AM was observed in low-weight or very elderly patients. The authors hypothesized that this higher exposure might explain the higher ...
Cehajić-Clancy Sabina - - 2011
Three studies, 2 conducted in Israel and 1 conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, demonstrated that affirming a positive aspect of the self can increase one's willingness to acknowledge in-group responsibility for wrongdoing against others, express feelings of group-based guilt, and consequently provide greater support for reparation policies. By contrast, affirming ...
Sadaoka Kana - - 2011
Reduction of the 7-formyl groups in chlorophyll (Chl) b and its demetalated compound pheophytin (Phe) b was kinetically analyzed by using tert-butylamine-borane complex (t-BuNH(2)·BH(3)), and was compared with that of the 3-formyl groups in Chl d and Phe d. Reduction kinetics of the 7-formyl group in Chl b was similar ...
Li Jing-Sha - - 2011
Objectives: It was the aim of this study to investigate the effect of ZP123 on prolonged ventricular fibrillation (VF) in swine. Methods: VF was electrically induced in 20 pigs. The animals randomly received either ZP123 or saline control infusion before VF. After 8 min of untreated VF, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and ...
Chatburn Robert L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We previously reported a new management parameter, work rate, defined as workload due per hour based on cumulative standard treatment times. We found that work rates were unachievable (i.e., exceeded 1 hour of scheduled work per hour of available labor) for 75% of scheduled due times despite presumed achievable ...
Niza M E - - 2011
The pine processionary caterpillar, Thaumetopoea pityocampa, is considered an emerging pine pest in Mediterranean countries, with high medical relevance. In recent years, adverse reactions reports in humans following contact with T. pityocampa have been increasingly reported. Dogs living in pinewood areas are also frequently exposed to the caterpillar. This work ...
Shi William Y - - 2011
Background Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) is characterised by the effects of inadequate prosthesis size relative to body surface area (BSA). It is uncertain whether PPM after mitral valve replacement impacts upon clinical outcome. This was examined in an Australian population. Methods From 2001 to 2009, 1006 mechanical and bioprosthetic mitral valves ...
Wiegmann Sebastian - - 2011
A new reactive postion at the upper rim of inherently chiral resorcin[4]arenes was introduced through cleavage of an up to now unreactive methoxy group through the demethylating reagent 9-I-9-BBN. Conservation of the inherent chirality was warranted through the use of a protecting group at the free phenol group.
Ebihara A - - 2011
Ebihara A, Yahata Y, Miyara K, Nakano K, Hayashi Y, Suda H. Heat treatment of nickel-titanium rotary endodontic instruments: effects on bending properties and shaping abilities. International Endodontic Journal ABSTRACT: Aim  To evaluate the bending properties and shaping abilities of nickel-titanium endodontic instruments processed by heat treatment. Methodology  K3 files ...
Köksal Ozlem - - 2011
In this study, the hemostatic efficacy of Celox® in rats under hypothermia or warfarin treatment was investigated. A total of forty-eight Sprague-Dawley female rats weighing 200-350 g were used in the study. Six experimental study groups were designed, as follows: Group 1: Normothermia + compression; Group 2: normothermia + Celox®; ...
Mohamed Tarek A - - 2011
To assess the incidence of epithelial ingrowth after laser in situ keratomileusis and its correlation with myopic or hyperopic treatment. This retrospective study analyzed 1000 consecutive LASIK procedures performed by 3 surgeons using identical surgical technique with a Hansatome microkeratome. Eyes that developed epithelial ingrowth were evaluated using the Machat ...
Song Seok Young - - 2011
Episodes of bradycardia hypotension (BH) or vasovagal syncope have a reported incidence of 13-29% during arthroscopic shoulder surgery in the sitting position after an interscalene block (ISB). This study was designed to investigate whether intravenous fentanyl during shoulder arthroscopy in the sitting position after ISB would increase or worsen the ...
Saul Jessie E - - 2011
Many tobacco cessation quitlines provide nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in the U.S. but consensus is lacking regarding the best shipping protocol or NRT amounts. We evaluated the impact of the Minnesota QUITPLAN(®) Helpline's shift from distributing NRT using a single eight-week shipment to a two-shipment protocol. For this observational study, ...
Chen Hong-Bin - - 2011
There is no consensus concerning small bowel preparation before capsule endoscopy (CE). This study evaluated the effects of 4 regimens on small bowel cleansing and diagnostic yield. Patients were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group A consumed a clear liquid diet after lunch on the day before CE, followed by ...
Potgieter E - - 2011
The aim of the study was to determine the whitening efficacy of three different oral rinses. Eighty extracted teeth were randomly divided into four groups, cleaned with a slow-speed handpiece with pumice and placed in a staining broth for 14 days. Measurements of tooth shades were measured with a spectrophotometer. ...
Shi William Y - - 2011
Objective: Mitral valve surgery may be regarded as less favourable for training, due to greater mortality risk, technical complexity, and difficulty for the supervisor to observe. We examined this perception by reviewing a multicentre experience. Methods: We analysed a multicentre database over a 7-year period containing 2216 isolated and combined ...
Deeken Corey R - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical characteristics and histologic remodeling of crosslinked (Peri-Guard, Permacol) and non-crosslinked (AlloDerm, Veritas) biologic meshes over a 12 month period using a porcine model of incisional hernia repair. Bilateral incisional hernias were created in 48 Yucatan minipigs and repaired after 21 ...
Markogiannakis Haridimos - - 2011
To our knowledge, the predictive value of procalcitonin for bowel strangulation has been evaluated in only 2 experimental studies that had conflicting results. The objective of this study was to evaluate the value of procalcitonin for early diagnosis of intestinal ischemia and necrosis in acute bowel obstruction. We performed a ...
- - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. 15 in vol. 12, PMID: 21228936.].
Ignjatovic Vera - - 2011
This prospective, single-center cohort study aimed to evaluate the hemostatic response during and after Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB) surgery in a large cohort of children up to 6 years of age. Blood samples were drawn at eight time points: post-induction of anesthesia, pre-unfractionated heparin (UFH), post-UFH, post-initiation of bypass, pre-protamine, post-protamine, post-chest-closure, ...
Erdem Arzu Pinar - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total success rates of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), ferric sulfate (FS), and formocresol (FC) as pulpotomy agents in primary molars. A randomized, split-mouth study design was used in 32 healthy 5- to 7-year-old children with 128 carious primary molars without clinical ...
Dahlke Joshua D - - 2011
The study was conducted to determine the feasibility of levonorgestrel-intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion at three different times postpartum. From August 2009 to January 2010, all women desiring LNG-IUS for postpartum contraception were offered enrollment into our study and randomized to three insertion times: immediate (within 10 min of placenta delivery), ...
Wiegratz Inka - - 2011
The present study compared the efficacy and safety of a combined oral contraceptive containing 30 mcg ethinylestradiol and 2 mg dienogest (EE/DNG) in conventional and extended-cycle regimen over 1 year of treatment. In a phase III, randomized, prospective, open, two-arm, multicenter study, 1315 sexually active women (range, 18-40 years) were ...
May Robert M - - 2011
Over the past century, documented extinctions in well-studied taxonomic groups have been at rates one hundred-fold to one thousand-fold above the average extinction rates seen over the half billion year sweep of the fossil record. But for most groups, particularly invertebrates, we are very uncertain how many species there are ...
Spada Cristiano - - 2011
Aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of substituting sodium phosphate (NaP) with polyethylene glycol (PEG)-boosters in the protocol preparation for PillCam Colon Capsule Endoscopy (CCE). CCE represents a new diagnostic, endoscopic technology for colonic exploration. Bowel preparation for CCE is necessary not only to clean the colon, ...
Heresbach D D Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital, CHU Rennes, France. - - 2011
Reports on the accuracy of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) mainly involve series from expert institutions. The aims of this study were to assess CTC accuracy in a nationwide population and to relate it to radiologist performance in their initial training. Nationwide multicentre trial. Twenty-eight radiologists, working in 26 mostly academic ...
Sahiner Yeliz - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The end-tidal desflurane concentration required for smooth removal of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) has not been established. Therefore, we aimed to find the end-tidal desflurane concentration for safe, smooth, and uncomplicated LMA removal. METHODS: The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of the Ministry of ...
Won Y J - - 2011
The choice of anaesthetics can affect the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). This study compared the incidence of PONV in 177 female patients who underwent thyroidectomy, with anaesthesia induced and maintained using one of three regimens: (i) sevoflurane (thiopental sodium 4 - 5 mg/kg and sevoflurane 2.0 - ...
Bergman M - - 2011
Two stormwater infiltration trenches were installed in 1993 in an area in central Copenhagen. The system was monitored continuously for almost three years after establishment, and a small reduction in performance over that time, possibly due to clogging, was noted. A new study was conducted in 2009 to see whether ...
Sato Hirokazu - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and adverse reactions during initial treatment and long-term outcome between children and adolescents with Graves' disease (GD) treated with propylthiouracil (PTU) and those treated with methimazole (MMI). Retrospective and collaborative study. Children and adolescents with GD were divided into group ...
Fell James C - - 2011
Following the model of Drug Courts, three Georgia Driving-Under-the-Influence (DUI) Courts (established in Chatham, Clarke, and Hall Counties in 2003) were designed to address the underlying alcohol problems of repeat DUI offenders through continuous and frequent judicially supervised treatment, periodic alcohol and other drug testing, the use of graduated sanctions, ...
- - 2011
Good outcomes when using splints to treat headaches.
Park S K - - 2011
Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) can reduce the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) almost as much as a single antiemetic. This study compared TIVA (using propofol and remifentanil) with prophylactic palonosetron (a 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonist) combined with inhalation anaesthesia using sevoflurane in 50% nitrous oxide, for the ...
Tang Liang - - 2011
Chinese species of Dianous group I are studied and three new species are described: Dianous fengtingaesp. n. from Hainan Province, Dianous zhujianqingisp. n. from Jiangxi and Guizhou Province, and Dianous huanghaoisp. n. from Yunnan Province. Dianous shan Rougemont and Dianous viridicupreus Rougemont are discovered from China for the first time. ...
Krčmar Stjepan - - 2011
Thirty six species of horse flies (Tabanidae) were previously known from Serbia (Europe). The present faunistic study of horse flies (Tabanidae) has resulted in the recording of the 4 new species Atylotus fulvus (Meigen, 1804); Tabanus miki Brauer in Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1880; Tabanus unifasciatus Loew, 1858; and Heptatoma pellucens ...
Yan Zhi-chao - - 2011
To investigate the efficacy, safety, and mechanisms of Sirolimus sustained delivery film on prevention of scar formation in a rabbit model of glaucoma filtration surgery. Sixty-four New Zealand white rabbits who underwent trabeculectomy in the right eye were randomly allocated to one of the four treatment regimens: Sirolimus sustained delivery ...
Trindade-Filho Joaquim - - 2011
In a world limited by data availability and limited funds for conservation, scientists and practitioners must use indicator groups to define spatial conservation priorities. Several studies have evaluated the effectiveness of indicator groups, but still little is known about the consistency in performance of these groups in different regions, which ...
Knösel Michael M University Medical Center, Gottingen, Germany. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the durability of bleaching results achieved with (1) 15% carbamide peroxide home bleaching and (2) 38% hydrogen peroxide in-office bleaching. A total of 231 extracted anterior teeth were randomly divided into three groups (n = 77 in each group) with comparable mean ...
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