Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1226
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Tee Hoi-Poh - - 2010
To study the significance of cap-fitted colonoscopy in improving cecal intubation time and polyp detection rate. This study was a prospective randomized controlled trial conducted from March 2008 to February 2009 in a tertiary referral hospital at Sydney. The primary end point was cecal intubation time and the secondary endpoint ...
Kokotilo Matthew S - - 2010
Our lab has developed an effective nutrient-rich solution that facilitates energy production and control of oxidative stress during static cold storage of the intestine; however, the requirement for oncotic agents, such as hydroxyethylstarch (HES), has not been evaluated. This study investigated the effectiveness and requirement for HES in an intraluminal ...
Kudszus Stefanie - - 2010
Up to 19% of all colorectal resections develop clinically apparent insufficiencies. Insufficient perfusion of the anastomosis is recognized as an important risk factor. As tissue perfusion can be objectified intraoperatively using laser fluorescence angiography (LFA), its effect on the rate of anastomotic complications was evaluated in a retrospective matched-pairs analysis. ...
Lawrence Edward M - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of low-volume hybrid computed tomography colonography bowel preparation, using both laxatives and oral contrast, with standard polyethylene glycol lavage. METHODS: The study group consisted of 300 consecutive adults (mean age, 58.3 years) who underwent colonoscopy immediately after positive computed ...
Garborg Kjetil - - 2010
We report a success rate of 83% with faecal donor instillation therapy (FDIT) in this retrospective study of 40 patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD), treated at a medium sized Norwegian hospital from 1994 through 2008. The stool transplant was instilled either in the duodenum through a gastroscope or ...
Yamano Hiro-o - - 2010
Insufflation with carbon dioxide (CO(2)) in colonoscopy has not been widely adopted and, consequently, limited data are available on insufflated gas volume and blood pCO(2). The aim of this study was to compare CO(2) and air as an insufflation agent in patients undergoing colonoscopy without sedation in terms of insufflated ...
Yang Dong-Hoon - - 2010
Constipation in patients with mild spinal cord disease is not well investigated yet. We aimed to investigate anorectal function and the effect of biofeedback therapy in constipated patients with mild spinal cord diseases. A total of 14 constipated patients with myelopathy and 32 with radiculopathy were enrolled retrospectively. All patients ...
Küçük Hasan Fehmi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated our treatment modality and timing of surgery in acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (AMIO) patients who were admitted to the emergency room. METHODS: Only patients with the diagnosis of AMIO were included in this study. Surgery was performed in patients with hemodynamic instability despite fluid ...
Miller Mark - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether use of oral vancomycin for treatment during an outbreak of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) was associated with increased rates of colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of hospital databases. SETTING: The Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. METHODS: We collected data regarding ...
Rey J F - - 2010
Video capsule endoscopy has been established in diagnosis of small-bowel disease and has been evaluated for esophageal pathology and recently for colorectal diagnostics. Gastric capsule endoscopy has not hitherto been feasible due to the stomach's large surface area and volume. We present the first application of a magnetically navigated capsule ...
Marmo Riccardo - - 2010
Adequate bowel cleansing is essential for a high-quality, effective, and safe colonoscopy. To evaluate the degree of colon cleansing comparing split-dosage versus non-split-dosage intake of two different polyethylene glycol (PEG) volumes (low-volume PEG + ascorbic acid vs standard-volume PEG-electrolyte solution) and to identify predictors of poor bowel cleansing. Single-blind, active ...
Rex Douglas K - - 2010
Low-volume bowel preparations for colonoscopy improve tolerability. We compared the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of a new low-volume sulfate solution with a standard 4-L polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage solution as bowel preparation for colonoscopy. Multicenter, single-blind, randomized, noninferiority study. Five academic and community endoscopy centers in the United States. One ...
Dutta Hemonta Kr - - 2010
Single-stage transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) procedure is now widely used for rectosigmoid Hirschsprung's disease (HD). However, this procedure is associated with some common complications like stricture, enterocolitis, constipation, anastomotic dehiscence and perianal excoriation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of a modified TEPT operation in ...
Kim Anne C - - 2010
PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported decreased continence in patients undergoing transanal endorectal pull-through (TERP) for Hirschsprung's disease compared to the older transabdominal approach (TAA). To address this, we examined long-term stooling outcomes in a large, multicenter cohort of patients undergoing either TERP or TAA. METHODS: Data were collected from 5 ...
Yakut Mustafa - - 2010
Oral sodium phosphate is an agent used commonly in our country for cleaning the intestines before colonoscopy. Our aim was to compare the safety, tolerability and efficiency of oral sodium phosphate solution used in colonoscopy preparation in patients over 70 years of age. This study was carried out in Ankara ...
Kim Hee Man - - 2010
Studies have investigated the use of different types of radiofrequency capsules for comparison or sequential capsule endoscopy, but none have compared the MiroCam device - which utilizes a novel data transmission technology - with other capsules. This study compared the feasibility of sequential capsule endoscopy using the MiroCam and PillCam ...
Kauppi Paula - - 2011
Background:  Causative agents of occupational asthma (OA) are well described in literature but far less is known about factors affecting the outcome of OA. Short duration of exposure, early diagnosis when symptoms appear and further avoidance of exposure have been suggested as good prognostic factors. This study was designed to ...
Dellon Evan S - - 2010
Visualization during GI endoscopy requires distention of the bowel lumen. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation decreases postprocedure abdominal discomfort and distension after colonoscopy, but there have been few published studies on its use in ERCP. To assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) insufflation during ERCP. Double-blind, controlled, randomized trial. Tertiary-care ...
Park Sin Sil - - 2010
Preparation regimens for morning colonoscopy are suboptimal. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy and tolerance of a split-dose magnesium citrate-low-volume (2 liters) polyethylene glycol (PEG) regimen for morning colonoscopy. A total of 232 patients were randomly assigned to receive 4 liters PEG (day before procedure; group ...
Daragics Katalin - - 2010
The utility of the (2-nitrophenyl)acetyl (NPAc) group for the protection of hydroxyl functions is reported. (2-Nitrophenyl)acetates are readily prepared starting from the commercially available, inexpensive (2-nitrophenyl)acetic acid, and these esters are stable under a series of common carbohydrate transformations. The NPAc group can be removed selectively using Zn and NH(4)Cl ...
Cecen Goksen - - 2010
To report a modified colostomy technique for permanent fecal diversion in calves with colonic atresia. Prospective study. Calves (n=19) with colonic atresia. Clinical findings, white blood cell counts, radiologic, ultrasonographic, and intraoperative findings were recorded. Calves were randomly divided into 2 groups: group 1 (n=9) had conventional colostomy and group ...
Lavu Harish - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mechanical bowel preparations (MBPs) are commonly administered preoperatively to patients who undergo pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD); however, their effectiveness over a clear liquid diet (CLD) preparation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether MBP offers an advantage to patients who undergo PD. METHODS: In this retrospective review, ...
Cho Jae Hee - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Same-day bidirectional endoscopy including esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy is routinely performed to evaluate anemia and gastrointestinal bleeding, as well as to conduct cancer surveillance. Numerous questions have been raised regarding the most appropriate procedural sequence and the resulting potential procedure interactions. We compared the quality and ...
Javid Patrick J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical experience of a regional multidisciplinary intestinal failure program for children established in 2005. METHODS: Data were collected from a prospective internal database. Univariate analyses were performed to compare pre- and post-treatment outcomes. Median values are reported. RESULTS: Forty-nine children ...
Horvat Matjaz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preoperative bowel cleaning for elective colorectal surgery is a routine procedure. Synbiotics (probiotics plus prebiotics) are known for their beneficial effects on gut immune function and maintenance of the gut barrier. The main purpose of this study was to replace preoperative mechanical bowel cleaning with synbiotics and to assess ...
Bakare Tajudeen I B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The discrepancy in diameters of the resected ends coupled with the heavy faecal loads in the colon of chronically constipated children with Hirschsprung's disease makes definitive primary pull-through procedure quite difficulty in this group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four consecutive patients (aged 5 months to 11 years) who presented with ...
Najaf Tasnim A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To define the interval between clinical presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and bowel perforation in neonates. METHODS: Charts of neonates with discharge diagnosis of NEC (n = 124) from our NICU during 2004-2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data were collected. Acute episode of NEC was defined as the interval ...
Hsieh Yu-Hsi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Air insufflation is essential in routine colonoscopy, but obtaining optimal insufflation levels has not been discussed in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine optimal air insufflation during colonoscopic examination. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy were randomized to receive high-air insufflation (group A, n = ...
Romeo M G - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of gastrointestinal colonization by Candida species, of late-onset sepsis and neurological outcome in preterm newborns. A prospective study was conducted in 249 preterms who were subdivided into three groups: one group (n=83) was supplemented with Lactobacillus (L.) reuteri, one group with ...
Matro Rebecca - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Administering a purgative close to the time of colonoscopy is optimal for cleansing. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of morning-only (AM-only) polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution (PEG-ELS) to split-dose (PM/AM) PEG-ELS for afternoon colonoscopy. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, randomized, investigator-blinded, non-inferiority ...
Cappell Mitchell S - - 2010
Colonoscopy instrumentation and technique have improved from 1988 to 2008. We analyze whether these improvements have resulted in improved colonoscopy performance. This was a retrospective study of 50 consecutive inpatients in 1988 vs. 1998 vs. 2008 undergoing intended colonoscopy at a teaching hospital. Patient APACHE score, cecal and terminal ileal ...
Gunnarsdóttir A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the early functional outcome for patients with rectosigmoid Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is comparable for the Duhamel pull-through procedure and the transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) procedure, with less discomfort for the patient postoperatively after the TERPT technique. Eleven patients operated ...
Shaikh Abdullah A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Anxious patients can cause unexpected increases in healthcare costs that are often overlooked. There are no studies examining the use of an educational pamphlet and its effects on secondary outcomes at colonoscopy. The goal of this study was to determine if the use of an educational pamphlet lowers the ...
Overholt Bergein F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use and impact of the recommended withdrawal time of at least 6 minutes from the cecum in colonoscopy in multiple gastroenterology endoscopy ambulatory surgery centers serving a wide geographical area. METHODS: An observational prospective multicenter quality assurance review was conducted in 49 ambulatory surgery centers in ...
Taber Andrew - - 2010
According to national recommendations, colonoscopy withdrawal time (WT) on negative screening examinations should average more than 6 minutes because this time is associated with a higher rate of polyp detection. Attempts have been made to increase the WT; however, simply knowing that a quality measure, such as the WT, is ...
Kim Kyung Min - - 2010
Capsule endoscopy (CE) is used for various purposes. The aims of this study were to classify the types of antro-pyloric capsular movement in CE and to investigate the relationship between the types of capsular movement and clinical factors, including gastric emptying time (GET). Out of 103 patients who received CE ...
Hoeppner Jens - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrices have proven potential for in vivo tissue regeneration at gastrointestinal luminal organs. In this study, small intestinal submucosa (SIS) was tested as a sealant for colonic anastomoses in a rodent model. METHODS: In the rodent model, standard colonic anastomoses in the control group (CG; n = 30) ...
Gao Yun Jie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The methods for increasing the rate of complete small-bowel examinations by capsule endoscopy (CE) demonstrate conflicting results, and it is unknown whether improving the completion rate of CE transit is correlated with improvement in diagnostic yield. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a higher rate ...
Tseng Chia-Ying - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term use of warfarin can provide benefits in the treatment of many diseases, but adverse bleeding events are unpreventable because of a narrow therapeutic range. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective chart review with data abstraction was to investigate the clinical presentations of intestinal intramural hemorrhage in emergency department ...
Liao Z - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Currently, the default frame rate for capsule endoscopy is usually set at 2 frames per second (fps). We postulated that setting the frame rate at 1 fps for the whole procedure would save battery life and increase the completion rate without compromising the diagnostic yield. The ...
Reinemeyer Craig R - - 2010
In recent years, numerous veterinary practitioners have reported anecdotal episodes in which anthelmintic treatment did not appear to deliver the expected efficacy against equine pinworms (Oxyuris equi). Anthelmintic resistance has not been demonstrated formally in equine pinworms, so a clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of paste formulations ...
Chang Lin - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Alosetron is a potent, selective 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist prescribed for women with severe diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) under a risk management plan (RMP). The RMP was implemented following cases of ischemic colitis (IC) and complications of constipation (CoC) associated with the use of alosetron. The objectives of this ...
Kamm Michael A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Traditional surgical procedures for intractable idiopathic constipation are associated with a variable outcome and substantial morbidity. The symptomatic response, physiological effect and effect on quality of life of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) were evaluated in patients with constipation (slow transit and normal transit with impaired evacuation). METHODS: In a ...
Ngowe M N - - 2010
HYPOTHESIS: It is suggested that chewing gum may accelerate postoperative intestinal transit recovery. Chewing gum may therefore produce the same result after open appendectomy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, randomized study in a University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 46 patients operated on by open appendectomy due to acute catarrhal appendicitis, appendicular abscess ...
Bonestroo H J C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Long-term clinical trials have shown that daily treatment with recombinant human deoxyribonuclease (rhDNAse) in patients with mild to moderate cystic fibrosis (CF) improves lung function and decreases the number of respiratory exacerbations. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of rhDNAse on the bacterial colonization of ...
Meurette G - - 2010
AIM: The Malone antegrade colonic enema (MACE) procedure is a minimally invasive treatment for severe constipation, and the objective of the present study was to assess the long-term results and quality of life in patients undergoing such colonic irrigation. METHOD: Twenty-five adult patients underwent MACE between 1995 and 2002 for ...
Lamiki Pepu - - 2010
To investigate the effectiveness and safety of a symbiotic mixture in preventing recurrence of constipation-related abdominal pain in patients with uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. Forty-six consecutive patients (10 men, 36 women, mean age 62.5 years, range 49 to 77 years), previously affected by symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of ...
Chung Jae Il - - 2010
Colonoscopy training programs and the minimal experience with colonoscopy required to be considered technically competent are not well established. The aim of this study was to determine the colonoscopy learning curves and factors associated with this difficult procedure at a single center. A total of 3,243 colonoscopies were performed by ...
Oida Takatsugu - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic examination of blood flow and edema in the remnant bowel. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 15 patients who underwent massive bowel resection with enterostomy for superior mesenteric arterial occlusion (SMAO); the patients were divided into a delayed closure group (D group) and an early ...
Monreal L - - 2010
To assess the effect of enteral fluid therapy (EFT) in horses with colic, 78 adult horses with colon impactions and 30 with left dorsal colon displacements received an isotonic electrolyte solution via a nasogastric tube at a rate of 8 to 10 l every two hours until resolution of clinical ...
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