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Jasinskaja-Lahti Inga - - 2011
This 1-year follow-up study investigated the direct and indirect effects of past, anticipated, and actual experiences of inter-group interactions on the development of national identity and attitudes towards the national majority among ethnic re-migrants (N= 141) from Russia to Finland. According to the results, the quality of past inter-group contact ...
Stabile Giuseppe - - 2011
AimsCatheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) focuses on pulmonary vein (PV) ablation with or without additional atrial substrate modification. These procedures require significant fluoroscopy exposure. A new 3D non-fluoroscopic navigation system (CARTO(®) 3 System, Biosense Webster, CA, USA) that allows precise location visualization of diagnostic and ablation catheters was evaluated ...
Kim Y H - - 2011
Sevoflurane is associated with a high incidence of emergence agitation in children. Midazolam and propofol have been examined with the aim of reducing emergence agitation after sevoflurane anaesthesia. However the effect of both drugs on emergence agitation is still controversial. Therefore we designed this study to measure the effect of ...
Collatusso Claudinei - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze the decellularization process with SDS in glutaraldehyde-preserved bovine pericardium as an anticalcification method in a circulatory sheep model. METHODS: The valved tubs were implanted in pulmonary artery position in sheep by 180 days. The animals were divided in two groups of 8 animals: control ...
Britch Seth C - - 2011
The current Department of Defense pest management system does not provide adequate protection from arthropod disease vectors to personnel deployed in support of US military operations. We hypothesized that military camouflage netting, ubiquitous around living and working areas in current US military operations in Africa and the Middle East, treated ...
Shimoni Noa'a - - 2011
: To compare intrauterine device (IUD) use at 6 months in women randomized to receive an intrauterine copper contraceptive 1 week compared with 1 month after medical abortion. : We recruited women undergoing medical abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol and choosing the copper IUD for contraception. We randomly assigned participants ...
Cassoni A - - 2011
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the activation of resin-modified glass ionomer restorative material (RMGI, Vitremer-3M-ESPE, A3) by halogen lamp (QTH) or light-emitting diode (LED) by Knoop microhardness (KHN) in two storage conditions: 24hrs and 6 months and in two depths (0 and 2 mm). MATERIALS AND ...
Abujudeh Hani H - - 2011
To assess the effect of automatically inserted technical details on the concordance of a radiology report header with the actual procedure performed. The study was IRB approved and informed consent was waived. We obtained radiology report audit data from the hospital's compliance office from the period of January 2005 through ...
Bean Judy A - - 2011
Having demonstrated significant and persistent adverse changes in pulmonary function for asthmatics after 1 hour exposure to brevetoxins in Florida red tide (Karenia brevis bloom) aerosols, we assessed the possible longer term health effects in asthmatics from intermittent environmental exposure to brevetoxins over 7 years. 125 asthmatic subjects were assessed ...
Chapman Dale W - - 2011
It is perceived that long haul travel, comprising of rapid movement across several time zones is detrimental to performance in elite athletes. However, available data is equivocal on the impact of long haul travel on maximal explosive movements. The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of long ...
Espinet Alfredo - - 2011
In the first three experiments two groups of rats received prolonged blocked preexposure to AX-BX or to BX-AX. Experiment 1 showed that conditioning of AX after preexposure resulted in less generalization to BX in the AX-BX group than in the BX-AX group. Experiments 2 and 3 constituted, respectively, retardation and ...
Rockwood Neesha N Department of HIV Medicine, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK. - - 2011
There have been no data presented on the relative rates of the development of renal stones in those receiving ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (ATZ/r) when compared with other commonly used antiretrovirals (ARVs). We compared the rate of development of renal stones in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals attending the Chelsea and Westminster ...
Flemmig Thomas F - - 2012
Supragingivally applied glycine powder air polishing (SupraGPAP) has been shown to remove biofilms in shallow periodontal pockets. This study assesses efficacy and safety of subgingivally applied glycine powder air polishing (SubGPAP) in moderate-to-deep periodontal pockets. Patients with chronic periodontitis and intraoral Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and Tannerella forsythia who completed ...
Favarato E S - - 2011
This research aimed to evaluate the effect of metoclopramide and ranitidine in the prevention of gastroesophageal reflux episodes during anesthetic procedures. Ninety healthy female dogs were submitted to elective ovariosalpingohisterectomy, randomly divided into three groups of 30 animals. The control group received only the anesthetic protocol. The metoclopramide group received ...
Doshi Rishi R - - 2011
PURPOSE: To provide experimental evidence to support or refute the proposition that the use of surgical face masks and/or avoidance of talking can decrease the dispersion of respiratory flora during an intravitreal injection. METHODS: Ten surgeons recited a 30-second standardized script with blood agar plates positioned 30 cm below their ...
Sokol Andrew I - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to show 12-month outcomes of a randomized trial that compared vaginal prolapse repair with and without mesh. STUDY DESIGN: Women with stage ≥2 prolapse were assigned randomly to vaginal repair with or without mesh. The primary outcome was prolapse stage ≤1 at 12 ...
Kibar Yusuf - - 2011
AIMS: To examine whether obstruction changes the expression of prostaglandins (PGs) in bladder, intravesical low-dose aspirin could be used as a new route of drug administration, this way of administration influences PGs' expression, and contractile function of the bladder is protected after treatment. METHODS: Eighteen rabbits were divided into three ...
Løken T - - 2011
The use of injectable transponders in cattle for identification purposes, for up to 30 months, was investigated. Passive electronic transponders, encapsulated in either polymer or glass, were injected subcutaneously into either the ear base or the earlobe of 652 calves in three populations. The animals were clinically examined weekly, and ...
Eslamian Laleh - - 2011
The umbilical vein (UV) has a non pulsating and even pattern in normal fetuses. Pulsation of UV has been described in severely growth restricted fetuses with chronic hypoxia. We wanted to see whether UV pulsations could also be seen in fetuses with heart deceleration during labor, as an adjunctive measure ...
- - 2011
The ISFA wishes to acknowledge the following 2011 Corporate Sponsors.
Prabhu Kolanthasamy - - 2011
To investigate the larvicidal and pupicidal activity of spinosad against Anopheles stephensi Listen. Spinosad from the actinomycete, Saccharopolyspora spinosa was tested against Anopheles stephensi at different concentrations (0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.08 ppm.), and against first to fourth instar larvae and pupae. The larval mortality ranged from 36.1±1.7 in ...
von Renteln Daniel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is increasingly used for en bloc removal of GI lesions. Current ESD techniques have limitations including long procedure times, technical difficulty, and complications. OBJECTIVE: To compare mesna with saline solution for ESD. DESIGN: Blinded, randomized, controlled, porcine study in live animals. SETTING: Animal laboratory. INTERVENTION: ...
Timsit E - - 2011
Monitoring body temperature of newly-received cattle allows for identification of fever episodes not visually detected by feedlot personnel (FENO). Information concerning the occurrence, duration and impact on performance of these FENO are not available in the literature. Such information is crucial to assess the potential benefit of the identification and ...
Xiao Li-Juan - - 2011
Liuxihe reservoir is a deep, monomictic, oligo-mesotrophic canyon-reservoir in the subtropical monsoon climate region of southern China. Phytoplankton functional groups in the reservoir were investigated and a comparison made between the succession observed in 2008, an exceptionally wet year, and 2009, an average year. The reservoir shows strong annual fluctuations ...
Tsujimoto Hironori - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In order to improve a patient's quality of life after total gastrectomy, jejunal pouch reconstruction has been employed. However, little information exists regarding the optimal size of the jejunal pouch after total gastrectomy. METHODS: The study was designed as a single-center randomized trial in which the results of double-tract ...
Bossut Catherine - - 2011
The intravascular stenting (IVaS) method was published by Narushima and Koshima in 2008. This method involves using a monofilament nylon stent to make the anastomosis of small vessels easier. The aim of this study was to explore the IVaS technique to determine its advantages, disadvantages, and usefulness for inexperienced microsurgeons ...
Akçay Ilgın - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the surface changes of self-adjusting file after operating in different degrees of canal curvatures with a fixed radius of curvature in different operation intervals. STUDY DESIGN: Artificial canals were manufactured in a 5-mm radius of curvature with 45° and 60° angles of curvature. Forty self-adjusting files ...
Llambés G - - 2011
Objective: In vitro comparison of the efficacy of two bleaching procedures, one based on carbamide peroxide (CP) and the other on hydrogen peroxide (HP), simulating clinical conditions. Study Design: Two groups of 20 teeth in each group were selected. Group A: 22% CP, one hour a day for 21 consecutive ...
Hackert Thilo - - 2011
PURPOSE: Various reconstruction methods with or without reservoir formation after total gastrectomy have been established. Transverse intestinoplasty has benefits as a functional peristalsis modification in rectal resections. In this study, we evaluate a distal pouch combined with a transverse jejunoplasty compared to standard Roux-en-Y reconstruction. METHODS: Total gastrectomy was performed ...
Prullage Joseph B - - 2011
The motility of adult Rhipicephalus sanguineus was evaluated subsequent to treatments of amitraz, fipronil and the combination of fipronil plus amitraz against a vehicle control in a Petri dish assay using the LemnaTec Scanalyzer Imaging System. The assay was run using a fixed dilution of amitraz (0.32μg/cm(2)); serial dilutions of ...
Yanyali Ates - - 2011
To evaluate the topographic changes of cornea after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with the 23-gauge- (23-G) transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) system within the first postoperative month. In this prospective study, corneal topographic changes were evaluated in 24 eyes of 24 patients who underwent PPV with the 23-G TSV system. All ...
Keramidas Michail E - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  Based on a report of a marked increase in the erythropoietin concentration ([EPO]) a few hours after the cessation of a single 2-h session of O(2) breathing, short periods of O(2) administration have been advocated as a therapy for anaemia. Accordingly, the purpose ...
Ozcan M - - 2011
SUMMARY Repairing amalgam restorations with composite resins using surface conditioning methods is a conservative treatment approach. This study investigated the effects of different conditioning methods that could be used for repair of amalgam fractures. Amalgam (N=96) was condensed into cavities within autopolymerizing polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), and the exposed surface of each ...
Debevec Tadej - - 2011
Recent findings suggest that besides renal tissue hypoxia, relative decrements in tissue oxygenation, using a transition of the breathing mixture from hyperoxic to normoxic, can also stimulate erythropoietin (EPO) production. To further clarify the importance of the relative change in tissue oxygenation on plasma EPO concentration [EPO], we investigated the ...
Brindle Eric R - - 2011
The force-deflection and removal characteristics of bacterial biofilm were measured by two different techniques before and after chemical, or enzymatic, treatment. The first technique involved time lapse imaging of a biofilm grown in a capillary flow cell and subjected to a brief shear stress challenge imparted through increased fluid flow. ...
Senter P - - 2011
Creationist literature claims that sufficient gaps in morphological continuity exist to classify dinosaurs into several distinct baramins ('created kinds'). Here, I apply the baraminological method called taxon correlation to test for morphological continuity within and between dinosaurian taxa. The results show enough morphological continuity within Dinosauria to consider most dinosaurs ...
Lesaichot Valérie - - 2011
We asked whether locally applied recombinant-Bone Morphogenic Protein-2 (rh-BMP-2) with an absorbable Type I collagen sponge (ACS) carrier could enhance the consolidation phase in a callotasis model. We performed unilateral transverse osteotomy of the tibia in 21 immature male rabbits. After a latency period of 7 days, a 3-weeks distraction ...
Wakabayashi Kohei - - 2011
The process of in-stent neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) between drug-eluting stents (DES) and bare metal stents (BMS) might be different. We compared in vivo composition of in-stent NIH between DES and BMS using virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS). Volumetric VH-IVUS was used to compare in-stent NIH between 23 DES and 15 BMS ...
de Faria Valle Dornelles Rodrigo - - 2011
: The use of springs in cranial expansion has demonstrated to be effective for craniosynostosis treatment. The spring-exerted expansile action has been observed when springs are placed both in the sagittal and parasagittal regions, mainly in scaphocephaly. In this study, a variation in cephalometric measurements under expansible spring action on ...
Paetzold S Christine - - 2011
With the increasing spread of invasive marine species and their detrimental effects on aquaculture operations globally, mitigation strategies need to be optimized to mitigate economic impacts. The efficacy of a potassium monopersulphonate triple salt based disinfectant used in the aquaculture industry (Virkon® Aquatic at 0.5-5%) was evaluated against the solitary ...
Ji Jeong-Seon - - 2011
Covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are associated with a higher migration rate than uncovered SEMSs. The antimigration property of a novel covered SEMS was investigated in a canine esophageal stricture model. The new stent (80 mm in length, 20 or 24 mm in diameter) has multiple protuberances on its body ...
Bal Cenkhan - - 2011
The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of three different antiseptic materials on healing processes of direct pulp therapies with Ca(OH)(2) histopathologically. Twenty-eight upper and lower first molar teeth from 7 male Wistar rats were used in this study. Four cavities were prepared in each rat ...
Stratul Stefan-Ioan - - 2011
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of smoking on a prolongated chlorhexidine digluconate regimen after scaling and root planing. Forty-two smokers (test group) and 85 nonsmoking patients (control group) with generalized chronic periodontitis were examined for clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing ...
Chang Dong Jin - - 2011
A charcoal filter attached within the anesthetic circuit has been shown to efficiently adsorb halothane or isoflurane, thus hastening anesthetic recovery in low or minimal flow system. This study was intended to demonstrate whether the charcoal filter enhances the recovery time from sevoflurane anesthesia using a semi-closed circuit system. Thirty ...
Frei Marc - - 2011
The present study validated the accuracy of data from a self-reported questionnaire on smoking behaviour with the use of exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) level measurements in two groups of patients. Group 1 included patients referred to an oral medicine unit, whereas group 2 was recruited from the daily outpatient service. ...
Takanashi Ariko - - 2011
Sow lifetime performance and by-parity performance were analyzed using a three by three factorial design, comprising three herd productivity groups and three sow efficiency groups. Data was obtained from 101 Japanese herds, totaling 173,526 parity records of 34,929 sows, for the years 2001 to 2006. Sows were categorized into three ...
Elfeddali I - - 2011
Objectives. This study aims to identify the role of self-efficacy, recovery self-efficacy, and preparatory planning with regard to short-term smoking relapse. We also assessed whether the importance of these variables differed for smokers quitting individually and without help (self-quitters) and smokers quitting with the help of a smoking cessation course (group ...
Batista Gr - - 2011
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to assess the influence of manganese gluconate, a chemical activator of bleaching agents, at a concentration of 0.01% on the efficiency of a 10% carbamide peroxide-based bleaching agent. Forty bovine incisors were immersed in a 25% instant coffee solution for seven days and ...
Yorifuji Takashi - - 2011
Evidence linking air pollution with adverse cardiopulmonary outcomes is accumulating. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluate whether vehicle emission control improves public health. We thus evaluated the effect of a diesel emission control law on mortality rates in 23 wards of Tokyo metropolitan area, Japan. We obtained daily ...
Eyles Alieta - - 2011
The phloem-feeding aphid Essigella californica represents a potential threat to the productivity of Pinus radiata plantations in south-eastern Australia. Five- and nine-year-old field trials were used to characterize the effects of artificial and natural aphid-induced (E. californica) defoliation, respectively, on shoot photosynthesis and growth. Photosynthetic capacity (A(max)) was significantly greater ...
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