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Severson Herbert H HH Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR; - - 2014
Relatively few treatment programs have been developed specifically for smokeless tobacco (ST) users who want to quit. Their results suggest that self-help materials, telephone counseling, and nicotine lozenges are efficacious. This study provides the first direct examination of the separate and combined effects of telephone counseling and lozenges. One thousand ...
Mirza Saira Saeed SS Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Coffee consumption has been frequently reported for its protective association with incident dementia. However, this association has mostly been reported in studies with short follow-up periods, and it remains unclear to what extent reverse causality influences this association. Studying the long-term effect of coffee consumption on dementia with stratified follow-up ...
Bouhlal Sofia S CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, F-21000 Dijon, France; Present affiliation: Social and Behavioral Research Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
Children's vegetable intake is far below the recommended amounts. No studies to date have tested the relevance of using salt or spices to increase children's vegetable acceptance. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of repeated exposure to that of flavor-flavor learning, on the acceptance of a ...
Tan Mehmet M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Inonu University Medical Faculty, Malatya, - - 2014
There is no consensus on duration of the nasal splint after nasal septum surgeries. The pressure of nasal splint on the mucosa may cause tissue necrosis and nasal septum perforation. To investigate the histopathological changes of the nasal mucosa caused by nasal splints in a rabbit model. No splint was ...
Zhang Michael M Department of Emergency Medicine, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, - - 2014
To investigate if wearing protective gloves during paediatric intravenous cannulation affects performance of the procedure. This was a prospective observational study. Peripheral intravenous cannulation (PIVC) performed within the Paediatric ED was observed and recorded over a 12 month period. Data were compared between those clinicians wearing gloves and those not ...
Pauchard N N Service de Chirurgie Plastique et Reconstructrice de l'Appareil Locomoteur, Chirurgie de la Main, Centre Chirurgical Émile-Gallé, Université de Lorraine, CHU Nancy, Nancy, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Four-corner fusion was described in 1984 by HK Watson for the treatment of SLAC wrist. This intervention has undergone few changes since that description, but the debate on the fixation method is still not resolved. Dorsal locking plates provide better stability, short immobilization and a quicker return to daily activities ...
Hulin Billy T BT School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, - - 2014
This study: (1) quantified activity profiles in approximately 5-minute periods to determine if the intensity of rugby league match-play changes following the most intense period of play, and (2) examined if the intensity of activity during predefined periods of match-play differed between successful and less-successful teams playing at an elite ...
Wang Jin J Department of Urology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
To develop a simple minimally invasive method for ureteral stent removal that does not require cystoscopy or fluoroscopic guidance. We developed a novel ureteral stent comprising the main body of a stent and an iron oxide-coated net that was woven of processed polyester sutures. The ureteral stent was retrieved by ...
Luo Guozhi G College of Fisheries and Life Science of Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; Shanghai Universities Knowledge Service Platform (ZF1206), Shanghai 201306, China; Research and Development Center of Aquacultural Engineering of Shanghai, Shanghai 201306, - - 2014
The effect of dissolved oxygen (DO) on heterotrophic denitrification using poly(butylene succinate) as the carbon source and biofilm carrier was evaluated in a lab-scale experiment. Aerated, low-oxygen, and anoxic treatment groups were set up, which had average DO concentrations of 5.2±1.0, 1.4±1.2, and 0.5±0.3mgL(-1), respectively. The NO3(-)-N and total nitrogen ...
Tsuboi Tomomasa T Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Hospital Organization Minami-Kyoto Hospital, Kyoto - - 2014
The significance of changes in PaCO2 during long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on prognosis remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether stabilizing PaCO2 during NIV had a favorable prognostic effect. Data from 190 subjects with restrictive thoracic disease and who received long-term NIV were studied retrospectively. The annual change in PaCO2 ...
Fatima Nazish N Dr-Ishrat-Ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Science, Karachi, - - 2014
The aim of present study was to evaluate extended curing times on the degree of conversion (DC) of filled and unfilled resin-based materials used as pit and fissure sealants. The materials examined were a flowable composite (Filtek™ Z350 XT Flowable) and a pit and fissure sealant (Clinpro™ Sealant). Thirty disks ...
Nakamura Noriko N Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of educational interventions to encourage incident reporting. This was a quasi-experimental design. The study involved nurses working in two gastroenterology surgical wards at Fukuoka University Hospital, Japan. The number of participants on each ward was 26 nurses at ...
Amin Sabry Mohammad SM Department of Anesthesia, Tanta University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta 31527, - - 2014
Different methods and many drugs have been used to control the post-operative pain. In this study, we evaluate the role of gabapentin premedication and/or dexamethasone in management of post-operative pain following adenotonsillectomy in children. In a double-blind randomized study, 120 children were subjected for adenotonsillectomy classified into three equal groups. ...
Lauretti Gabriela Rocha GR Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of Locomotor Members, Teaching Hospital, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the intravenous (IV) and caudal routes of administration of sufentanil for children undergoing orchidopexy and also to evaluate the effects on addition of caudal adrenaline and neostigmine. SIXTY PATIENTS SCHEDULED FOR ORCHIDOPEXY WERE DIVIDED INTO THE FOLLOWING GROUPS: 1) Group IVSu received ...
Koca Orhan O Department of Urology, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Purpose: Technological developments provide a lot of conveniences to our lives. This issue is one of the risks that arise along with these conveniences. In our study we tried to understand the impact of electromagnetic waves from mobile phones on bladder tissue. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one adult male albino rats ...
Vasavada Vaishali - - 2014
To compare the impact of varying fluidic parameters on intraoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuations and postoperative outcomes. Prospective randomized study of 80 eyes undergoing cataract surgery that were randomly assigned to low (aspiration flow rate: 20 cc/min; bottle height: 90 cm; vacuum: 400 mm Hg) and high (aspiration flow rate: ...
Fang Si-Lian SL Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Plate exposure is the most common complication after reconstruction of oncologic resection using a titanium plate. The outcomes of covering exposed reconstructive plates with extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flaps (TIMFs) were evaluated. Twelve instances of exposure of reconstructive plates occurred in patients after segmental mandibulectomy to treat cancer ...
Kashefi Natalie S NS Department of Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, - - 2014
Smoke inhalation is a major source of morbidity and mortality. Heparin and N-acetylcysteine treatment has potential efficacy in inhalation injury. We investigated the impact of a heparin/N-acetylcysteine/albuterol nebulization protocol in adult patients with inhalation injury. A retrospective review was performed of adult inhalation injury patients, admitted to a regional burn ...
Chotigeat Uraiwan - - 2014
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is the most serious condition that causes high mortality in term and post term infants. The authors have an experience of using high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) and inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) for treatment of this condition with a good result. However, due ...
Beugnet Frédéric F Merial S.A.S., 29 avenue Tony Garnier, 69007 Lyon, - - 2014
The speed of efficacy of afoxolaner (NexGard(®)) against Ctenocephalides felis fleas was evaluated in two studies. Study A assessed the efficacy against existing fleas whereas study B assessed the efficacy against new infesting fleas. In study A, 12 dogs were allocated to the untreated group and 20 dogs to the ...
Crane Melanie A MA School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of inhaler device technique education on improving inhaler technique in older people with asthma. In a randomised controlled trial, device technique education was provided to a sample of 123 adults aged >55 years who had a doctor diagnosis of asthma. The active education group received one-on-one ...
Stewardson Andrew J AJ Infection Control Program and World Health Organization Collaborating Centre on Patient Safety, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, - - 2014
Hand hygiene is a key component of infection control in healthcare. WHO recommends that healthcare workers perform six specific poses during each hand hygiene action. SureWash (Glanta Ltd, Dublin, Ireland) is a novel device that uses video-measurement technology and immediate feedback to teach this technique. We assessed the impact of ...
Wang LiuFeng L Institute of Entomology, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, - - 2014
The small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus (Fallén) enters the photoperiodic induction of diapause as 3rd or 4th instar nymphs. The photoperiodic response curves in this planthopper showed a typical long-day response type with a critical daylength of approximately 11 h at 25°C, 12 h at 22 and 20°C and 12.5 ...
Wu Jiachao J 0000-0002-5734-0837 Department of Mathematics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, - - 2014
The main results are about the groups of the negations on the unit square, which is considered as a bilattice. It is proven that all the automorphisms on it form a group; the set, containing the monotonic isomorphisms and the strict negations of the first (or the second or the ...
Boutaybi N N Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, J6-S, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The - - 2014
Our objective was to estimate the effect of therapeutic hypothermia on platelet count in neonates after perinatal asphyxia. We performed a retrospective case control study of all (near-) term neonates with perinatal asphyxia admitted between 2004 and 2012 to our neonatal intensive care unit. All neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia ...
Mutsuzaki Hirotaka H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, 4669-2 Ami Ami-machi, Inashiki-gun, Ibaraki 300-0394, Japan. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the histological changes at the patella tendon (PT) insertion site under gradual elongation in rabbits. Gradual elongation of the PT was performed using external fixation for 4 weeks, with a lengthening speed of 0.5 mm/day (elongation group; n = 24). Rabbits in ...
Brown Brian V BV Entomology Section, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Blvd., Los Angeles, CA, 90007, USA.; Email: - - 2014
The species of the mostly Neotropical Region Apocephalus analis group are revised, and found to comprise 21 species, 19 of which are new to science: A. bilineatus, A. euryacanthus, A. holdenae, A. mexacanthus, A. paracanthus, and A. rectisetus in the newly recognized A. comatus series, and the following unclassified species: ...
Dhavle A A AA Surescripts LLC , Arlington, VA, - - 2014
Prescribers' inappropriate use of the free-text Notes field in new electronic prescriptions can create confusion and workflow disruptions at receiving pharmacies that often necessitates contact with prescribers for clarification. The inclusion of inappropriate patient direction (Sig) information in the Notes field is particularly problematic. We evaluated the effect of a ...
Ardais Rodrigo R Department of Stomatology, Dental School, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking on response to nonsurgical periodontal therapy using the primary outcome measure of bleeding on probing (BoP). An periodontist performed periodontal therapy on 11 smokers and 14 never smokers with periodontitis. Two examiners assessed visible plaque index, gingival bleeding ...
Desarda Hitesh H Post-graduate Student, Department of Periodontology, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Research Centre, New Pargaon, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Background and aims. Basic periodontal treatment aims at eliminating supra- and sub-gingival plaque and establishing conditions which will allow effective self-performed plaque control. This aim is primarily achieved with sonic and ultrasonic scalers. However, generation of bacterial aerosols during these procedures is of great concern to patients, the dentist and ...
Kirkham E E School of Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Norfolk and Suffolk NHS Foundation Trust, Hellesdon Hospital, Norwich, - - 2014
Lithium is a mainstay of bipolar disorder treatment, however, there are still differences in opinion on the effects of lithium use on renal function. The aim of this analysis was to determine if there is an association between short-term exposure to various elevated lithium levels and estimated-glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ...
Al-Maliky Mohammed Abbood MA Division of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, Bernhard Gottlieb University Clinic of Dentistry, Medical University of Vienna, Sensengasse 2a, 1090 Vienna, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate a new treatment modality for the occlusion of dentinal tubules (DTs) via the combination of 10.6 µm carbon dioxide (CO2) laser and nanoparticle hydroxyapatite paste (n-HAp). Forty-six sound human molars were used in the current experiment. Ten of the molars were used to ...
Toumas-Shehata Mariam M Woolcock Institute of Medical Research and The University of Sydney, Glebe, NSW, - - 2014
Feedback is a critical component of any educational intervention. When it comes to feedback associated with inhaler technique education, there is a lack of knowledge on its role or its potential to solve the major issue of poor inhaler technique. This study aims to explore the role of feedback in ...
Ruiz-Mercado Ilse I Civil Systems, Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California Berkeley, 760 Davis Hall, Berkeley CA 94720-1710, USA ; Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, 50 University Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720-7360, - - 2013
The sustained use of cookstoves that are introduced to reduce fuel use or air pollution needs to be objectively monitored to verify the sustainability of these benefits. Quantifying stove adoption requires affordable tools, scalable methods and validated metrics of usage. We quantified the longitudinal patterns of chimney-stove use of 80 ...
Kim Ji-Hoon JH Department of Biomedical Sciences, Sun Moon University, Asan 330-744, - - 2013
To improve the integrated pest management (IPM) of hot pepper, field study was conducted in Hwasung from 2010 to 2012 and an IPM system was developed to help growers decide when to apply pesticides to control anthracnose, tobacco budworm, Phytophthora blight, bacterial wilt, and bacterial leaf spot. The three field ...
Dal Umran U Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Near East University, Nicosia, Turkish Republic of Northern - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of massage to the sacral region after cesarean delivery instead of employing a urinary catheter for the prevention of urinary retention. Cross sectional study. This interventional study population consisted of 60 women who were divided into two intervention groups and ...
Chetti Mahadev B MB University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, 580 005 Karnataka - - 2014
Investigations were carried out to study the influence of vacuum packaging and long term storage on quality in red chilli. Chilli fruits were stored in vacuum packed and jute bags at two moisture levels (10 % and 12 %) in room and cold environments under both light and dark conditions for a ...
Mizuno Naoko - - 2012
Scapular notching is a common worrying finding after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Eccentric glenospheres have recently been developed in an attempt to prevent notching. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of RSA with an eccentric glenosphere and compare the incidence and the ...
Shahi S - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to electrochemically evaluate corrosion resistance of RaCe and Mtwo files after repeated sterilization and preparation procedures. A total of 450 rotary files were used. In the working groups, 72 files from each file type were distributed into 4 groups. RaCe and Mtwo files ...
Fan Chao - - 2012
The traditional hand-sewn Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy is technically complicated, and the incidence of postoperative complications has remained high. A set of novel magnetic compressive anastomats was introduced to facilitate choledochojejunostomy and improve the prognosis of patients. After ligating the common bile duct for 7 days, 16 dogs were randomly divided into ...
Heydari G - - 2012
Smoking cessation programmes were first introduced in Iran in 1997. To date a number of types of nicotine replacement therapy have been prescribed. To evaluate the effectiveness of varenicline for tobacco cessation. This was a randomised parallel clinical study conducted in 2010. Participants were smokers willing to quit who were ...
- - 2012
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Platow Michael J - - 2012
Abstract  In both a laboratory experiment (in Australia) using university as the basis of group membership, and a scenario experiment (in India) using religion as the basis of group membership, we observe more favourable respect and fairness ratings in response to an in-group authority than an out-group authority who administers ...
Nishiyama T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The anesthetic conserving device (AnaConDa) is a disposable vaporizer that can save consumption of inhalational anesthetic used in low sevoflurane concentration. This study was performed to investigate whether AnaConDa when used at high sevoflurane concentration (1.5% to 2.0%) could save sevoflurane consumption and fasten emergence from anesthesia without any ...
Tay Yong-Kwang - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The pulsed dye laser (PDL) using varying fluences and pulse durations have been used to treat hemangiomas. This study aims to examine the efficacy and safety of the 595-nm PDL for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas using short (1.5-3 milliseconds) versus long (10 milliseconds) pulse durations and high fluences. ...
Bolla Eugenio - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare bond failure and breakage rates of two types of bonded lingual orthodontic retainers (GFR and .0175" multistranded stainless steel wire [MST]) after a 6-year retention period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five young adults were randomly divided into two groups: 40 subjects received ...
Chen Yan - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the voiding pattern in < 4 week old newborns by 12h daytime observation periods. Methods:  Twenty-one healthy 1-28 d old newborns were included (10 full-term, 11 pre-term). The 12h free voiding parameters, including voiding frequency (VF), voiding volume (VV), post-voiding residual volumes (PRV) and status at voiding ...
Schiller Katherine R - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Relatively few studies have investigated pharmacological or behavioral treatment of smokeless tobacco (ST) users who do not have immediate quit plans. In this study, we compared a reduction treatment approach with an immediate cessation approach in a population of ST users who reported no immediate plans to quit. METHODS: ...
Mason W A - - 2012
An outbreak of severe lameness was reported on a 780-cow spring-calving dairy herd in the Manawatu region within 1-3 weeks of calving, which affected over 90% of a group of 150 dairy heifers. Approximately 3 weeks before the planned start of calving heifers had been fed maize and grass silage ...
Tsai Chung-Huang - - 2012
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) is a common tropical vegetable that has been used in traditional or folk medicine to treat diabetes. Wild bitter gourd (WBG) ameliorated metabolic syndrome (MetS) in animal models. We aimed to preliminarily evaluate the effect of WBG supplementation on MetS in Taiwanese adults. A preliminary ...
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