Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1332
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Meyer Karine F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine which was the optimal side for the conduit to be placed (right or left colon) for antegrade continence enema implantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 1999 and March 2006, 31 patients underwent the construction of a catheterizable conduit using the Malone ...
Bartel Gregor - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors of the modern Western lifestyle may trigger Crohn's disease (CD) in susceptible individuals. Because such factors could be part of ingested matter, we intended to improve intestinal Crohn's lesions by exclusion thereof. METHODS: At first we tested a highly restricted diet (based on spelt bread and red ...
Pavlidis T E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Emergency surgery for colorectal cancer is common in daily practice, and is mainly implied by bowel obstruction. It is related to increased morbidity and mortality. Its relation with the stage and respectability of the disease is uncertain. This study aims to further clarify these parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over ...
Mabrut Jean-Yves - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: No agent has been consistently effective in preventing formation of peritoneal adhesions and postoperative bowel obstruction after abdominal surgery. The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to assess clinical safety and efficiency of a new adhesion-reduction barrier METHODOLOGY: Between September 2000 and April 2001, Prevadh was used in ...
Lohsiriwat Varut - - 2008
AIM: To determine the relationship between pre-operative hypoalbuminemia and the development of complications following rectal cancer surgery, as well as postoperative bowel function and hospital stay. METHODS: The medical records of 244 patients undergoing elective oncological resection for rectal adenocarcinoma at Siriraj Hospital during 2003 and 2006 were reviewed. The ...
Sizemore Alecia W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malrotation is a congenital disorder of abnormal intestinal rotation and fixation that predisposes infants to potentially life-threatening midgut volvulus. Upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI) examination is sometimes equivocal and can lead to inaccurate diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of UGI examinations in children who subsequently underwent a Ladd ...
Da Cunha Maria L - - 2008
A masked randomized clinical trial was conducted in 93 neonates who received the first bath with chlorhexidine (experimental) (n=44) or neutral liquid soap (control) (n=49). Three samples were collected for culture from the neonates' right axilla skin before bath, 30 min and 24 h after bath. Immediately before bath, Staphylococcus ...
Zhang Q - - 2008
PURPOSE: The study was designed to investigate the influence of gum chewing on the return of gastrointestinal function after gastric abdominal surgery in children and the action of neural and humoral hormones in the mechanism of gum chewing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were enrolled in our study. Each patient ...
Drouault-Holowacz S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a probiotic combination on symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: We investigated the efficiency of a probiotic dietary supplement, containing four strains of lactic acid bacteria, on symptoms of IBS. One hundred and sixteen patients ...
Hinkel U - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Constipation is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal symptoms. Traditionally, drug therapy for constipation is not prescribed and controlled by physicians. Instead, laxatives are sold by pharmacists as over-the-counter (OTC) medication. The aim of this study was to explore the safety and usage pattern of the OTC laxative sodium ...
Baglaj M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multiple intestinal atresia (MIA) presents with a wide spectrum of bowel pathologies. Its treatment is a challenging task since restoration of anatomical continuity of the affected intestine must be balanced against preservation of the intestine's maximal length. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical notes of 26 ...
Johanson J F JF College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Rockford, IL, USA. - - 2008
Analyses of a trial in constipated patients indicated that lubiprostone may be an effective treatment for irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. To assess the efficacy and safety of three lubiprostone doses for irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. 195 irritable bowel syndrome with constipation patients received daily doses of 16 [8 ...
Ell Christian - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based gut lavage solutions are safe and effective, but require consumption of large volumes of fluid. We compared a new 2 L solution of PEG plus ascorbic acid (PEG + Asc) with standard 4 L PEG with electrolytes (PEG + E) for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy to ...
Karami Hassan
Chronic constipation is a common elimination dysfunction in children. Chronic Functional Constipation (CFC) is referred to condition in which there is not underlying anatomic or medical causes. In addition to correction of defecation pattern and nutritional considerations, treatment of childhood CFC is also included case related drugs such as lactulose, ...
Mangel Allen W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Crofelemer improves bowel function in several conditions characterized by states of prominent secretory diarrhea. AIM: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluated the effects of 3 dose levels of crofelemer in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS). METHODS: Male and female patients were randomly assigned to receive crofelemer 125, ...
Selehi Seema - - 2008
There are many factors that influence successful outcomes in colonoscopy. The aims of this study were to evaluate these factors and determine ways to improve outcomes. All participants (N=229) who underwent planned colonoscopy between July and September 2004 were retrospectively included. Participants included 118 men and 111 women with a ...
Hussain Abdulzahra - - 2008
Complicated diverticular disease of the colon imposes a serious risk to patient's life, challenge to surgeons and has cost implications for health authority. The aim of this study is to evaluate the management outcome of complicated colonic diverticular disease in a district hospital and to explore the current strategies of ...
Choe E K - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term clinical outcomes and bowel function of patients with total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) after surgery. METHODS: The hospital records of 17 TCA patients treated surgically during 1985 to 2004 were reviewed. Long-term follow-up was done by telephone interviews with the ...
Picchio M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy, side effects and patient acceptance of standard 4-liters polyethylene glycol (PEG) and 2 doses of sodium phosphate (NaP) solution for precolonoscopy colon cleansing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 182 patients were randomized to receive either standard 4-L ...
Kuga Rogerio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) allows evaluation and therapy for various small bowel diseases. In this series the outcome of a 4-year experience in a tertiary hospital school in Brazil is reported. METHODS: A total of 457 consecutive DBE were performed in 418 patients from August 2004 to August 2008. 93 ...
Cenesiz S - - 2008
In this study we investigated the effect of kefir on the levels of glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) in the liver, stomach, spleen and colon of mice with colonic aberrant crypts formed by azoxymethane (AOM). Thirty 12 weeks old Swiss Albino mice averaging 31.5 g weight were used ...
Ogata Haruhiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A new capsule endoscope has been developed by Olympus Medical Systems. The visualization and usefulness of its real-time image viewer for gastric transit abnormality were evaluated by using this new device. METHODS: Thirty-seven consecutive patients were enrolled. In cases of gastric transit abnormality (gastric transit > 60 min, detected ...
Garcia Vilela Eduardo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Crohn's disease (CD) is characterized by a reduction in mucosal integrity that permits antigen penetration into the intestinal tissue. The administration of probiotics has been suggested to improve the barrier function of the mucosa. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of Saccharomyces boulardii on the ...
Bandyopadhyay, Samik Kumar
Summary: Torsion of an epiploic appendix is a rare surgical entity. We present our experience in a thirty five year old female patient and a forty year old male patient. Materials and Methods: A 35 year old lady had presented with right iliac fossa pain of 2 days duration. Guarding ...
Contant Caroline M E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mechanical bowel preparation is a common practice before elective colorectal surgery. We aimed to compare the rate of anastomotic leakage after elective colorectal resections and primary anastomoses between patients who did or did not have mechanical bowel preparation. METHODS: We did a multicentre randomised non-inferiority study at 13 hospitals. ...
Baecher Laura - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether an outpatient antibiotic regimen decreased group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization to preclude the use of intrapartum antibiotics. METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled trial evaluating prenatal oral amoxicillin versus placebo with the primary outcome of GBS colonization at the time of labor. RESULTS: Of those patients receiving ...
van Tuyl S A C - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Visualization of the small bowel by video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is frequently impaired by intestinal contents. Different bowel preparations have been studied with controversial results. The aim of this study was to determine a satisfactory and tolerable bowel preparation for VCE. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized ...
Cheon J H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although capsule endoscopy has become a central diagnostic tool for small-bowel evaluation, retention of a capsule remains a major concern. This study attempted to investigate the incidence and clinical outcomes of capsule retention, and to determine the factors predictive of spontaneous capsule passage after retention. PATIENTS ...
Catto-Smith Anthony G - - 2007
AIM: Our aim was to examine the long-term bowel dysfunction that followed surgery for Hirschsprung's disease. METHODS: Of 414 patients diagnosed with Hirschsprung's disease between 1974 and 2002, 98 were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to provide an assessment of bowel function, medication, diet, physical and social limitations. Forty-two completed ...
Kouba Erik J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown that gum chewing may stimulate bowel motility after gastrointestinal surgery. Because urinary diversion typically uses a segment of bowel, it is conceivable that patients undergoing cystectomy and diversion may benefit from gum chewing. This study aimed to determine whether gum chewing in the immediate postoperative ...
Becker F - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: For colorectal screening patients a gain of life time was previously calculated to be about 30-50 days. Different recommendations for recognizing at-risk groups and defining surveillance intervals after an initial finding of colorectal adenomas have been published. However, no benefit-risk analysis regarding specific long-term effects of follow-up patients has ...
Al-Mulhim Abdulrahman S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible effectiveness of bowel preparation on pain after hernia repair. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study, performed at King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January 2000 and December 2002. The group of patient was randomly divided in 2 groups. Sixty-two patients (Group ...
Yamamoto Takayuki - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study was designed to review safety and efficacy of strictureplasty for Crohn's disease. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify studies published between 1975 and 2005 that reported the outcome of strictureplasty. Systematic review was performed on the following subjects separately: 1) overall experience of strictureplasty; 2) ...
Ruangsin Sakchai - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare bowel preparation quality and patient tolerance of two common enema solutions for flexible sigmoidoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Three hundred adults were randomized to receive a hypertonic sodium chloride or hypertonic sodium phosphate enema regime, each consisting of two enemas administered 60 and 30 min before the procedure. ...
Wales Paul W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) is a novel intestinal lengthening procedure introduced in 2003. To date, no human studies exist that report objective assessment of intestinal absorptive capacity. The aim of this study was to report intermediate outcomes in patients who have received the STEP at our institution using clinical ...
Maffezzini Massimo - - 2008
Major abdominal surgery, and also radical cystectomy, is followed by a delayed return of bowel function attributable to postoperative ileus (POI), which, in addition, stands out as one of the most frequent complications that causes increased length of stay (LOS). Some variability exists in the definition of POI since time ...
Lai Larry H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) is one of the most important investigations for small bowel examination. Although newer-generation WCE is equipped with a real-time viewer, the role of this advancement in daily practice remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the role of the real-time viewer for monitoring of ...
Weinstock Leonard B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) occurs in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and fibromyalgia. Since restless legs syndrome (RLS) occurs with fibromyalgia, a link between IBS, SIBO, and RLS was studied. METHODS: BS patients with abnormal lactulose breath tests received rifaximin 1,200 mg day(-1) for 10 days, followed by tegaserod ...
Tsutsumi Soichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Japan, studies on the use of colonoscopy in the elderly population are few. This study evaluated tolerance and diagnostic yield of colonoscopy in elderly patients. METHODOLOGY: We prospectively studied 515 consecutive colonoscopies performed over a 23-month period. A total of 110 patients 80 years of age or older ...
Ishikawa M - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients undergoing colorectal resection for colon cancer using a minilaparotomy approach or conventional surgical procedure. METHODOLOGY: In a prospective randomized trial, twenty consecutive patients undergoing colon resection by minilaparotomy and 26 patients undergoing conventional open colorectal resection were ...
Adler Andreas - - 2007
PURPOSE: The introduction of reimbursement for screening colonoscopy in Germany more than one year ago raised concerns that the consequent workload might lead to underuse of diagnostic colonoscopy for symptomatic patients. Available appropriateness criteria for diagnostic colonoscopy have been rarely tested in a realistic outpatient setting. This study was designed ...
Jafri Syed-Mohammed R - - 2007
A 55-year-old woman presented with a complaint of 3 months of bloody diarrhea with an approximately 8 stools per day. She initially underwent a flexible sigmoidoscopy at an outside hospital with biopsies showing acute and chronic colitis. She was started on asacol 2 tablets 3 times per day. Her symptoms ...
Tabibi Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcome and complications of urinary diversion using ileum, with and without bowel preparation. Recent studies have questioned the necessity of bowel preparation, especially for urinary diversion when ileum is used. METHODS: In this clinical trial, 30 candidates for urinary diversion underwent a 3-day standard bowel preparation ...
Senagore Anthony J - - 2007
Postoperative ileus is a transient cessation of bowel motility that occurs after bowel resection (BR). Alvimopan, a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor antagonist accelerated gastrointestinal (GI) recovery in 5 randomized, double-blind, phase III postoperative ileus trials. Individual covariates (age, gender, race) were assessed separately using Cox proportional hazards models that included ...
Renaut A J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Small-volume bowel preparations for colonoscopy has become increasingly popular due to improved tolerance by patients and equivalent efficacy compared with the larger volume preparations. Comparative studies, however, between small volume preparations are lacking. This randomized controlled trial aimed at comparing the efficacy and acceptability of phospo-soda buffered saline (Fleet) ...
Gontier Eric - - 2008
PURPOSE: This prospective and bi-centric study was conducted in order to determine the impact of antidiabetic treatments (AD) on (18)F-FDG bowel uptake in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with previously diagnosed and treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (group 1) were divided in two subgroups: AD treatment including metformin ...
Sailhamer Elizabeth A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: "Fast-track" surgery, involving multimodal care, improves efficiency and short-term outcomes in patients undergoing bowel resection. The sustainability of the benefits and the "drag" effect on non-participating surgeons through changed nursing and resident practice is undetermined. METHODS: 297 consecutive elective colon resections (DRG149) within three study periods (pre-change, immediate post-change, ...
McKay W P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Morphine decreases gut peristalsis, and ketamine decreases morphine use after surgery, and does not slow peristalsis. Thus, the combination should result in faster return of bowel function after surgery than morphine alone. METHOD: A double-blind randomized controlled trial of saline vs. ketamine with intravenous patient-controlled-analgesia morphine for post-operative pain ...
Bytzer P - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Anxiety before colonoscopy may have adverse consequences and increase requirements for sedation and analgesics. We aimed to examine the effects of adding an information video to our usual preprocedural information. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 162 colonoscopy patients were randomly assigned to video (72) or no video (90) ...
Gupta T - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evening preparation for colonoscopy is often unsatisfactory and inconvenient. We performed this study to compare the efficacy of bowel preparation at two different timings: previous evening and same morning and to compare the loss of working hours and sleep between these groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this ...
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