Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1257
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Baecher Laura - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether an outpatient antibiotic regimen decreased group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization to preclude the use of intrapartum antibiotics. METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled trial evaluating prenatal oral amoxicillin versus placebo with the primary outcome of GBS colonization at the time of labor. RESULTS: Of those patients receiving ...
van Tuyl S A C - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Visualization of the small bowel by video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is frequently impaired by intestinal contents. Different bowel preparations have been studied with controversial results. The aim of this study was to determine a satisfactory and tolerable bowel preparation for VCE. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized ...
Cheon J H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although capsule endoscopy has become a central diagnostic tool for small-bowel evaluation, retention of a capsule remains a major concern. This study attempted to investigate the incidence and clinical outcomes of capsule retention, and to determine the factors predictive of spontaneous capsule passage after retention. PATIENTS ...
Catto-Smith Anthony G - - 2007
AIM: Our aim was to examine the long-term bowel dysfunction that followed surgery for Hirschsprung's disease. METHODS: Of 414 patients diagnosed with Hirschsprung's disease between 1974 and 2002, 98 were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to provide an assessment of bowel function, medication, diet, physical and social limitations. Forty-two completed ...
Kouba Erik J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown that gum chewing may stimulate bowel motility after gastrointestinal surgery. Because urinary diversion typically uses a segment of bowel, it is conceivable that patients undergoing cystectomy and diversion may benefit from gum chewing. This study aimed to determine whether gum chewing in the immediate postoperative ...
Becker F - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: For colorectal screening patients a gain of life time was previously calculated to be about 30-50 days. Different recommendations for recognizing at-risk groups and defining surveillance intervals after an initial finding of colorectal adenomas have been published. However, no benefit-risk analysis regarding specific long-term effects of follow-up patients has ...
Al-Mulhim Abdulrahman S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible effectiveness of bowel preparation on pain after hernia repair. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study, performed at King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January 2000 and December 2002. The group of patient was randomly divided in 2 groups. Sixty-two patients (Group ...
Yamamoto Takayuki - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study was designed to review safety and efficacy of strictureplasty for Crohn's disease. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify studies published between 1975 and 2005 that reported the outcome of strictureplasty. Systematic review was performed on the following subjects separately: 1) overall experience of strictureplasty; 2) ...
Ruangsin Sakchai - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare bowel preparation quality and patient tolerance of two common enema solutions for flexible sigmoidoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Three hundred adults were randomized to receive a hypertonic sodium chloride or hypertonic sodium phosphate enema regime, each consisting of two enemas administered 60 and 30 min before the procedure. ...
Wales Paul W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) is a novel intestinal lengthening procedure introduced in 2003. To date, no human studies exist that report objective assessment of intestinal absorptive capacity. The aim of this study was to report intermediate outcomes in patients who have received the STEP at our institution using clinical ...
Maffezzini Massimo - - 2008
Major abdominal surgery, and also radical cystectomy, is followed by a delayed return of bowel function attributable to postoperative ileus (POI), which, in addition, stands out as one of the most frequent complications that causes increased length of stay (LOS). Some variability exists in the definition of POI since time ...
Lai Larry H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) is one of the most important investigations for small bowel examination. Although newer-generation WCE is equipped with a real-time viewer, the role of this advancement in daily practice remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the role of the real-time viewer for monitoring of ...
Weinstock Leonard B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) occurs in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and fibromyalgia. Since restless legs syndrome (RLS) occurs with fibromyalgia, a link between IBS, SIBO, and RLS was studied. METHODS: BS patients with abnormal lactulose breath tests received rifaximin 1,200 mg day(-1) for 10 days, followed by tegaserod ...
Tsutsumi Soichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Japan, studies on the use of colonoscopy in the elderly population are few. This study evaluated tolerance and diagnostic yield of colonoscopy in elderly patients. METHODOLOGY: We prospectively studied 515 consecutive colonoscopies performed over a 23-month period. A total of 110 patients 80 years of age or older ...
Ishikawa M - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients undergoing colorectal resection for colon cancer using a minilaparotomy approach or conventional surgical procedure. METHODOLOGY: In a prospective randomized trial, twenty consecutive patients undergoing colon resection by minilaparotomy and 26 patients undergoing conventional open colorectal resection were ...
Adler Andreas - - 2007
PURPOSE: The introduction of reimbursement for screening colonoscopy in Germany more than one year ago raised concerns that the consequent workload might lead to underuse of diagnostic colonoscopy for symptomatic patients. Available appropriateness criteria for diagnostic colonoscopy have been rarely tested in a realistic outpatient setting. This study was designed ...
Jafri Syed-Mohammed R - - 2007
A 55-year-old woman presented with a complaint of 3 months of bloody diarrhea with an approximately 8 stools per day. She initially underwent a flexible sigmoidoscopy at an outside hospital with biopsies showing acute and chronic colitis. She was started on asacol 2 tablets 3 times per day. Her symptoms ...
Tabibi Ali - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcome and complications of urinary diversion using ileum, with and without bowel preparation. Recent studies have questioned the necessity of bowel preparation, especially for urinary diversion when ileum is used. METHODS: In this clinical trial, 30 candidates for urinary diversion underwent a 3-day standard bowel preparation ...
Senagore Anthony J - - 2007
Postoperative ileus is a transient cessation of bowel motility that occurs after bowel resection (BR). Alvimopan, a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor antagonist accelerated gastrointestinal (GI) recovery in 5 randomized, double-blind, phase III postoperative ileus trials. Individual covariates (age, gender, race) were assessed separately using Cox proportional hazards models that included ...
Renaut A J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Small-volume bowel preparations for colonoscopy has become increasingly popular due to improved tolerance by patients and equivalent efficacy compared with the larger volume preparations. Comparative studies, however, between small volume preparations are lacking. This randomized controlled trial aimed at comparing the efficacy and acceptability of phospo-soda buffered saline (Fleet) ...
Gontier Eric - - 2008
PURPOSE: This prospective and bi-centric study was conducted in order to determine the impact of antidiabetic treatments (AD) on (18)F-FDG bowel uptake in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with previously diagnosed and treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (group 1) were divided in two subgroups: AD treatment including metformin ...
Sailhamer Elizabeth A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: "Fast-track" surgery, involving multimodal care, improves efficiency and short-term outcomes in patients undergoing bowel resection. The sustainability of the benefits and the "drag" effect on non-participating surgeons through changed nursing and resident practice is undetermined. METHODS: 297 consecutive elective colon resections (DRG149) within three study periods (pre-change, immediate post-change, ...
McKay W P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Morphine decreases gut peristalsis, and ketamine decreases morphine use after surgery, and does not slow peristalsis. Thus, the combination should result in faster return of bowel function after surgery than morphine alone. METHOD: A double-blind randomized controlled trial of saline vs. ketamine with intravenous patient-controlled-analgesia morphine for post-operative pain ...
Bytzer P - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Anxiety before colonoscopy may have adverse consequences and increase requirements for sedation and analgesics. We aimed to examine the effects of adding an information video to our usual preprocedural information. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 162 colonoscopy patients were randomly assigned to video (72) or no video (90) ...
Gupta T - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evening preparation for colonoscopy is often unsatisfactory and inconvenient. We performed this study to compare the efficacy of bowel preparation at two different timings: previous evening and same morning and to compare the loss of working hours and sleep between these groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this ...
Park Dong I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The actual degree of pain or discomfort experienced during colonoscopy varies between patients. This prospective study was conducted to determine what variables, apart from the endoscopist's skill, are associated with a patient's discomfort during this procedure. DESIGN/METHODS: From December 2003 to September 2004, 646 colonoscopy examinations performed by three ...
Jansson M - - 2007
Despite the fact that computed tomography is becoming more commonly used to investigate the genitourinary tract, intravenous urography still plays an important role in uroradiology. The aim of this study was to compare bowel purgation and two other preparation methods - dietary restrictions and no preparations at all - in ...
Ozturk Hayrettin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine contemporary patterns of presentation and trends in the management and outcome of 51 newborn infants with intestinal atresia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 51 cases of intestinal atresia between January 1983 and February 2003. Clinical data included antenatal history, age, gender, weight, presenting symptoms and signs, diagnostic procedures, ...
Sanders G - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We have previously shown that Picolax bowel preparation causes a significant dehydrating effect, which can be minimised by administering a calculated volume of intravenous fluid. The aim of this prospective study was to assess whether peri-operative outcome is affected by administering a calculated volume of intravenous fluid during bowel ...
Shin Jun-Ho - - 2007
PURPOSE: Most patients diagnosed with right-sided colonic diverticulitis complain of right lower quadrant pain, which is frequently confused for appendicitis and therefore may result in unnecessary emergency surgery. In this paper we intend to differentiate between right-sided colonic diverticulitis and appendicitis by initial presentation in the emergency department. MATERIALS AND ...
Di Palma Jack A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350 (MiraLax) and tegaserod (Zelnorm), a serotonin subtype 4 receptor partial agonist, are currently approved for treatment of constipation. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of each product over a 4-wk treatment period. METHODS: Study patients who met defined criteria for chronic constipation were ...
Vakil, Rakesh
Background : Oral Gastrografin ® has been used to differentiate partial from complete small bowel obstruction. It may also have a therapeutic effect and predict the need for early surgery in adhesive intestinal obstruction. Aim : To assess the accuracy of Gastrografin ® contrast in predicting the necessity of operative ...
Nikou George C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Symptoms associated with small intestinal involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) are usually severe and resistant to treatment. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of octreotide in refractory small intestinal disease complicating SSc. METHODS: Seven female patients (aged from 37 to 64 years old) with SSc were ...
El-Galley Rizk - - 2007
PURPOSE: We performed this study to test the hypothesis that nitrous oxide produces clinically significant bowel distention during laparoscopic abdominal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laparoscopic kidney donors were randomized into 2 groups. Group 1 received N2O and oxygen inhalation through anesthesia, and group 2 received a mixture of air and ...
Wolff Bruce G - - 2007
Postoperative ileus (POI), a transient cessation of coordinated bowel motility, occurs to some extent after all major abdominal operations. This analysis examines gastrointestinal (GI) recovery and hospital discharge history in patients undergoing partial bowel resection (BR) or total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) by laparotomy in the placebo arms of recent phase ...
Vernier-Massouille G - - 2007
To assess the characteristics and clinical course of nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with azathioprine, so as to estimate the frequency of this complication and search for risk factors. Cases were identified through a systematic survey of patients followed at 11 centres. At one ...
Iannelli Antonio A Service de Chirurgie Digestive, Université de Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, Faculté de Médicine, Nice, - - 2007
To evaluate the results of sub total colectomy with cecorectal anastomosis (STC-CRA) for isolated colonic inertia (CI). Fourteen patients (mean age 57.5 +/- 16.5 year) underwent surgery for isolated CI between January 1986 and December 2002. The mean frequency of bowel motions with the aid of laxatives was 1.2 +/- ...
Reddy B S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether it is possible to modulate gut microflora and preserve intestinal barrier function during elective colorectal surgery by using combinations of oral antibiotics, synbiotics and mechanical bowel preparation (MBP). METHODS: Ninety-two patients were randomly assigned to one of four groups. Group ...
Ehrlich Peter F - - 2007
PURPOSE: The serial transverse enteroplasty procedure (STEP) procedure is a successful and safe approach to lengthen small bowel in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). However, postlengthening dilatation may occur, which can lead to bacterial overgrowth and malabsorption. We addressed this problem by reperforming the STEP in 2 patients. METHODS: ...
Pena-Soria Maria Jesús - - 2007
We report an interim analysis of a prospective single-blinded randomized trial designed to investigate whether preoperative mechanical bowel preparation influences the rate of surgical-site infection and anastomotic failure after elective colorectal surgery with primary intraperitoneal anastomosis performed by a single surgeon. Patients scheduled to undergo an elective colorectal procedure with ...
da Fonsêca-Genevois, V.
An experiment was undertaken at Farol Island, Brazil, to examine colonization of bare aluminium surfaces by microbes and meiofauna. It was hypothesized that a primary source of meiofaunal colonists was sediment resuspended during upwelling events, two of which occurred during the experiment. Microbial biofilms formed on the experimental substrata within ...
Kotisso Berhanu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Though there are few studies, mainly on children, very little is known about its occurrence in Ethiopian adults. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical presentations, clinical findings, operative findings (including types and identification of specific causes), modes of treatment, and postoperative outcome in adult patients operated for intussusception. METHODS: A ...
Pakarinen Mikko P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Functional outcomes after treatment of low anorectal anomalies remain controversial. To address this, we conducted a controlled, prospective single-center long-term follow-up study of functional outcome in boys treated for perineal fistula with anoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive boys treated exclusively for perineal fistula from 1992 to 2001 underwent ...
Haddock Michael G - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate patient assessment of long-term effect of pelvic radiotherapy on bowel function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: As part of a prospective randomized trial evaluating the impact of sucralfate on bowel function in patients receiving pelvic radiotherapy, patient-assessed bowel function data were collected during radiotherapy and again at 4 weeks ...
Shenoy Vishwanath N - - 2007
We report a case of a 59-year-old white male who presented with right-sided abdominal pain of 6 months duration. The patient had a total colectomy and Brooks continent ileostomy 20 years ago for severe ulcerative colitis. A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed large number of pills (pharmacobezoar) ...
Lightfoot Andrew J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of postoperative ileus remains unsatisfactory. Erythromycin (EM), a macrolide antibiotic, has prokinetic effects on the gut. We investigated whether intravenous erythromycin decreases the time to the return of normal bowel function after bowel surgery in patients with bladder cancer and interstitial cystitis who have undergone cystectomy and urinary ...
Delia P P Institute of Radiology, Oncologic Radiotherapy Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Messina, - - 2007
To investigate the efficacy of a high-potency probiotic preparation on prevention of radiation-induced diarrhea in cancer patients. This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Four hundred and ninety patients who underwent adjuvant postoperative radiation therapy after surgery for sigmoid, rectal, or cervical cancer were assigned to either the high-potency probiotic preparation ...
Becker F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: For colorectal screening patients a mean gain of life time was previously calculated of about 30-50 days. Different recommendations for recognising at-risk groups and defining surveillance intervals after an initial finding of colorectal adenomas have been published. However, no benefit-risk analysis regarding to specific long-term effects of follow-up has ...
Leung Wing-Wa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Emergency colectomy is well accepted for treating complicated right-sided colonic diverticulitis. However, the role of colectomy for uncomplicated diverticulitis is not well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term surgical outcome of uncomplicated right-sided diverticulitis in our locality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart ...
Bandyopadhyay Samik
<b>Summary:</b> Torsion of an epiploic appendix is a rare surgical entity. We present our experience in a thirty five year old female patient and a forty year old male patient. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> A 35 year old lady had presented with right iliac fossa pain of 2 days duration. ...
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