Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1237
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Gontier Eric - - 2008
PURPOSE: This prospective and bi-centric study was conducted in order to determine the impact of antidiabetic treatments (AD) on (18)F-FDG bowel uptake in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with previously diagnosed and treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (group 1) were divided in two subgroups: AD treatment including metformin ...
Sailhamer Elizabeth A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: "Fast-track" surgery, involving multimodal care, improves efficiency and short-term outcomes in patients undergoing bowel resection. The sustainability of the benefits and the "drag" effect on non-participating surgeons through changed nursing and resident practice is undetermined. METHODS: 297 consecutive elective colon resections (DRG149) within three study periods (pre-change, immediate post-change, ...
McKay W P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Morphine decreases gut peristalsis, and ketamine decreases morphine use after surgery, and does not slow peristalsis. Thus, the combination should result in faster return of bowel function after surgery than morphine alone. METHOD: A double-blind randomized controlled trial of saline vs. ketamine with intravenous patient-controlled-analgesia morphine for post-operative pain ...
Bytzer P - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Anxiety before colonoscopy may have adverse consequences and increase requirements for sedation and analgesics. We aimed to examine the effects of adding an information video to our usual preprocedural information. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 162 colonoscopy patients were randomly assigned to video (72) or no video (90) ...
Gupta T - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evening preparation for colonoscopy is often unsatisfactory and inconvenient. We performed this study to compare the efficacy of bowel preparation at two different timings: previous evening and same morning and to compare the loss of working hours and sleep between these groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this ...
Park Dong I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The actual degree of pain or discomfort experienced during colonoscopy varies between patients. This prospective study was conducted to determine what variables, apart from the endoscopist's skill, are associated with a patient's discomfort during this procedure. DESIGN/METHODS: From December 2003 to September 2004, 646 colonoscopy examinations performed by three ...
Jansson M - - 2007
Despite the fact that computed tomography is becoming more commonly used to investigate the genitourinary tract, intravenous urography still plays an important role in uroradiology. The aim of this study was to compare bowel purgation and two other preparation methods - dietary restrictions and no preparations at all - in ...
Ozturk Hayrettin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine contemporary patterns of presentation and trends in the management and outcome of 51 newborn infants with intestinal atresia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 51 cases of intestinal atresia between January 1983 and February 2003. Clinical data included antenatal history, age, gender, weight, presenting symptoms and signs, diagnostic procedures, ...
Sanders G - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We have previously shown that Picolax bowel preparation causes a significant dehydrating effect, which can be minimised by administering a calculated volume of intravenous fluid. The aim of this prospective study was to assess whether peri-operative outcome is affected by administering a calculated volume of intravenous fluid during bowel ...
Shin Jun-Ho - - 2007
PURPOSE: Most patients diagnosed with right-sided colonic diverticulitis complain of right lower quadrant pain, which is frequently confused for appendicitis and therefore may result in unnecessary emergency surgery. In this paper we intend to differentiate between right-sided colonic diverticulitis and appendicitis by initial presentation in the emergency department. MATERIALS AND ...
Di Palma Jack A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350 (MiraLax) and tegaserod (Zelnorm), a serotonin subtype 4 receptor partial agonist, are currently approved for treatment of constipation. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of each product over a 4-wk treatment period. METHODS: Study patients who met defined criteria for chronic constipation were ...
Vakil, Rakesh
Background : Oral Gastrografin ® has been used to differentiate partial from complete small bowel obstruction. It may also have a therapeutic effect and predict the need for early surgery in adhesive intestinal obstruction. Aim : To assess the accuracy of Gastrografin ® contrast in predicting the necessity of operative ...
Nikou George C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Symptoms associated with small intestinal involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) are usually severe and resistant to treatment. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of octreotide in refractory small intestinal disease complicating SSc. METHODS: Seven female patients (aged from 37 to 64 years old) with SSc were ...
El-Galley Rizk - - 2007
PURPOSE: We performed this study to test the hypothesis that nitrous oxide produces clinically significant bowel distention during laparoscopic abdominal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laparoscopic kidney donors were randomized into 2 groups. Group 1 received N2O and oxygen inhalation through anesthesia, and group 2 received a mixture of air and ...
Wolff Bruce G - - 2007
Postoperative ileus (POI), a transient cessation of coordinated bowel motility, occurs to some extent after all major abdominal operations. This analysis examines gastrointestinal (GI) recovery and hospital discharge history in patients undergoing partial bowel resection (BR) or total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) by laparotomy in the placebo arms of recent phase ...
Vernier-Massouille G - - 2007
To assess the characteristics and clinical course of nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with azathioprine, so as to estimate the frequency of this complication and search for risk factors. Cases were identified through a systematic survey of patients followed at 11 centres. At one ...
Iannelli Antonio - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the results of sub total colectomy with cecorectal anastomosis (STC-CRA) for isolated colonic inertia (CI). METHODS: Fourteen patients (mean age 57.5 +/- 16.5 year) underwent surgery for isolated CI between January 1986 and December 2002. The mean frequency of bowel motions with the aid of laxatives was ...
Reddy B S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether it is possible to modulate gut microflora and preserve intestinal barrier function during elective colorectal surgery by using combinations of oral antibiotics, synbiotics and mechanical bowel preparation (MBP). METHODS: Ninety-two patients were randomly assigned to one of four groups. Group ...
Ehrlich Peter F - - 2007
PURPOSE: The serial transverse enteroplasty procedure (STEP) procedure is a successful and safe approach to lengthen small bowel in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). However, postlengthening dilatation may occur, which can lead to bacterial overgrowth and malabsorption. We addressed this problem by reperforming the STEP in 2 patients. METHODS: ...
Pena-Soria Maria Jesús - - 2007
We report an interim analysis of a prospective single-blinded randomized trial designed to investigate whether preoperative mechanical bowel preparation influences the rate of surgical-site infection and anastomotic failure after elective colorectal surgery with primary intraperitoneal anastomosis performed by a single surgeon. Patients scheduled to undergo an elective colorectal procedure with ...
da Fonsêca-Genevois, V.
An experiment was undertaken at Farol Island, Brazil, to examine colonization of bare aluminium surfaces by microbes and meiofauna. It was hypothesized that a primary source of meiofaunal colonists was sediment resuspended during upwelling events, two of which occurred during the experiment. Microbial biofilms formed on the experimental substrata within ...
Kotisso Berhanu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Though there are few studies, mainly on children, very little is known about its occurrence in Ethiopian adults. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical presentations, clinical findings, operative findings (including types and identification of specific causes), modes of treatment, and postoperative outcome in adult patients operated for intussusception. METHODS: A ...
Pakarinen Mikko P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Functional outcomes after treatment of low anorectal anomalies remain controversial. To address this, we conducted a controlled, prospective single-center long-term follow-up study of functional outcome in boys treated for perineal fistula with anoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive boys treated exclusively for perineal fistula from 1992 to 2001 underwent ...
Haddock Michael G - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate patient assessment of long-term effect of pelvic radiotherapy on bowel function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: As part of a prospective randomized trial evaluating the impact of sucralfate on bowel function in patients receiving pelvic radiotherapy, patient-assessed bowel function data were collected during radiotherapy and again at 4 weeks ...
Shenoy Vishwanath N - - 2007
We report a case of a 59-year-old white male who presented with right-sided abdominal pain of 6 months duration. The patient had a total colectomy and Brooks continent ileostomy 20 years ago for severe ulcerative colitis. A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed large number of pills (pharmacobezoar) ...
Lightfoot Andrew J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of postoperative ileus remains unsatisfactory. Erythromycin (EM), a macrolide antibiotic, has prokinetic effects on the gut. We investigated whether intravenous erythromycin decreases the time to the return of normal bowel function after bowel surgery in patients with bladder cancer and interstitial cystitis who have undergone cystectomy and urinary ...
Delia P P Institute of Radiology, Oncologic Radiotherapy Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Messina, - - 2007
To investigate the efficacy of a high-potency probiotic preparation on prevention of radiation-induced diarrhea in cancer patients. This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Four hundred and ninety patients who underwent adjuvant postoperative radiation therapy after surgery for sigmoid, rectal, or cervical cancer were assigned to either the high-potency probiotic preparation ...
Becker F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: For colorectal screening patients a mean gain of life time was previously calculated of about 30-50 days. Different recommendations for recognising at-risk groups and defining surveillance intervals after an initial finding of colorectal adenomas have been published. However, no benefit-risk analysis regarding to specific long-term effects of follow-up has ...
Leung Wing-Wa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Emergency colectomy is well accepted for treating complicated right-sided colonic diverticulitis. However, the role of colectomy for uncomplicated diverticulitis is not well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term surgical outcome of uncomplicated right-sided diverticulitis in our locality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart ...
Bandyopadhyay Samik
<b>Summary:</b> Torsion of an epiploic appendix is a rare surgical entity. We present our experience in a thirty five year old female patient and a forty year old male patient. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> A 35 year old lady had presented with right iliac fossa pain of 2 days duration. ...
Lohsiriwat Varut - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between preoperative serum albumin and postoperative bowel function as well as surgical outcomes in right-sided colon cancer patients. METHODS: This retrospective study in a university hospital included 84 patients who underwent elective right hemicolectomy for adenocarcinoma of the right-sided colon between January 2004 and December ...
Binda Vítor - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy is the gold standard exam to investigate patients with colonic complaints. However, its availability is limited in developing countries. Sigmoidoscopy has been advocated as a first procedure in colorectal cancer screening strategies, in order to select those who need colonoscopy. AIM: To study the correlation between distal and ...
Misiakos Evangelos P - - 2007
Short bowel syndrome is a chronic malabsorptive state usually resulting from extensive small bowel resections. A combination of diarrhea, nutrient malabsorption, dysmotility, and bowel dilatation may constitute the clinical symptomatology of this syndrome. The remaining bowel undergoes a process called adaptation, which may replace lost intestinal function. Chronic complications include ...
Watanabe Hideki - - 2007
This is a first pediatric case about the efficacy of octreotide for improving symptoms of malignant bowel obstruction. A 12-year-old boy was referred to our hospital for treatment of transverse colon cancer with peritoneal dissemination. A transverse colectomy was undertaken with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Seven months later, severe abdominal symptoms ...
Ryouichi Tomita - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To clarify the significance of anorectal myectomy (ARM) in childhood patients with short segment hypoganglionosis (Hypo), we analyzed the clinical features of these patients before and after ARM. METHODOLOGY: A consecutive series of twenty-nine patients with short segment Hypo were included in this study. These were sixteen males and ...
Peng Hong-Yun HY Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi Province, China. - - 2006
To investigate the therapeutic effectiveness of colonic exclusion and combined therapy for refractory constipation. Thirty-two patients with refractory constipation were randomly divided into treatment group (n = 14) and control group (n = 18). Fourteen patients in treatment group underwent colonic exclusion and end-to-side colorectal anastomosis. Eighteen patients in control ...
Gidwani A L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preparation for outpatient flexible sigmoidoscopy using a self-administered phosphate enema is the standard practice in our unit, but it provides acceptable bowel preparation in only 80% of patients. This study compared two methods of bowel preparation with the current standard in an attempt to improve efficacy and acceptability. METHODS: ...
Astegiano M - - 2006
AIM: As optimal therapy for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remains elusive, current approach to therapy is based on symptomatic treatment. With this case-control experience we wanted to determine the beneficial effect in IBS patients of a dietary integrator (IBS Active), composed of L-tryptophan, inulin, angelica, vegetal charcoal, vitamin PP, group ...
Rex Douglas K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A residue-free sodium phosphate tablet (RF-NaP) was formulated that lacks microcrystalline cellulose, which can appear as a whitish residue in the colon. A multicenter, randomized, investigator-blinded study was conducted to compare the colon-cleansing efficacy of 40 or 32 tablets of RF-NaP with the marketed 40-tablet NaP treatment regimen. METHODS: ...
Abbasi Hamid Reza - - 2006
Primary repair of traumatic colonic perforation is progressively gaining acceptance as the best method of management. However, when delayed, the risk of infection-related complications may increase. Here, we present a new method of repairing colon perforation in the presence of peritonitis. Acute colon injury was simulated in 22 German shepherd ...
Santoro Sérgio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mechanical obstacles to food ingestion, nutrient-excluded segments and malabsorption are common strategies of bariatric surgery which are a potential cause of symptoms or complications. We describe an operation "Digestive Adaptation with Intestinal Reserve" (DAIR) that does not utilize these tools, aiming fundamentally at neuroendocrine changes. METHODS: The operation includes ...
Ker Tim S - - 2006
In an attempt to improve patient tolerance for colon cleaning, a reduced-volume regimen with a 2-liter electrolyte lavage solution plus 20 mg of oral bisacodyl was compared with the standard 4-liter lavage for efficacy and safety. Three hundred patients were prospectively randomized into two study groups. One group of 150 ...
Schoofs N - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colonoscopy is regarded as the gold standard for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. PillCam capsule endoscopy could be an alternative approach for screening large populations. We report a pilot evaluation in humans of the safety, feasibility, and performance of colon capsule endoscopy compared with colonoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Gundeti Mohan S - - 2006
PURPOSE: We evaluated whether bowel preparation is required before augmentation cystoplasty in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 46 consecutive children underwent cystoplasty using detubularized ileum between 1998 and 2004. Group 1 (24 patients) underwent standard mechanical bowel preparation with sodium picosulfate, a bowel enema (sodium phosphate) if required ...
Morey Allen F - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We performed the first prospective, randomized, multi-center comparison of overall quality and patient tolerability of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sodium phosphate (NaP) solution for mechanical bowel preparation prior to urinary diversion surgery. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2003, 36 patients at six institutions underwent major urological reconstructive surgery incorporating small ...
Noblett S E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Surgery induces a catabolic response with stress hormone release and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of pre-operative carbohydrate administration on grip strength, gastrointestinal function and hospital stay following elective colorectal surgery. METHODS: Thirty-six patients undergoing elective colonic resection were randomized into one ...
Bai Yu Zuo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of ultrasound (US)-guided hydrostatic reduction (UGSED) of intussusceptions in pediatric patients by saline enema. METHODS: Five thousand two hundred eighteen pediatric patients with intussusceptions treated by UGSED from October 1985 to October 2002 were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The success ...
Yoshikawa Ichiro - - 2006
PURPOSE: Premedication with glucagon or hyoscyamine is reported to be effective in reducing colonic spasm. However, these drugs can be associated with unfavorable events. This prospective study was designed to compare the effects of premedication with glucagon with those of scopolamine butylbromide on cardiopulmonary parameters, intubation time, and patient discomfort ...
Fanigliulo Libera - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Even though the cause of irritable bowel sindrome (IBS) is not yet known, alterations of the intestinal microflora may be important in its pathogenesis. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of rifaximine alone or in association with the probiotic strain of Bifidobacterium longum W11 in reducing symptoms in patients with ...
Mattei Peter - - 2006
Investigations in the pathophysiology and treatment of postoperative ileus continue to evolve. Bowel rest is no longer a mandatory component of postoperative recovery. Tolerance of enteral nutrition and normalization of the abdominal examination are more accurate indications of the resolution of postoperative ileus than passage of flatus or first bowel ...
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