Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1316
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Khatami Amir H - - 2008
This study sought to evaluate the effect of the linguoaxial wall, a lingual auxiliary groove, and the cervicoincisal dimension of the anterior tooth preparation on retention. A simulated maxillary central incisor was prepared following "ideal" guidelines. The linguoaxial wall of these preparations was modified and the samples were divided into ...
Ohno Tetsuro - - 2009
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a transient bowel dysmotility that occurs following many types of operations and is one of the most common complications of gastrointestinal surgery. We hypothesized that enteral supplementation of glutamine after abdominal surgery would restore fuel to the small intestine, suppress oxidative stress, and lead to improvement ...
Endo Hiroki - - 2009
The aim of the study was to evaluate bowel dysmotility in patients with a history of abdominal surgery by measuring both gastric transit time and small bowel transit time during capsule endoscopy and assessing the completeness of the examination. The study included 26 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery (postoperative ...
Jumbi G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the outcome of emergency resection of sigmoid volvulus and to determine the factors associated with adverse outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series review. SETTING: Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya. SUBJECTS: All cases of sigmoid volvulus operated at MTRH during the six years period between year ...
Horiguchi Tohru - - 2008
Taxa-4(20),11(12)-diene-5alpha-acetate 5 and Taxa-4(20), 11(12)-diene-5alpha-acetate, 10beta-ol 6, have been identified as early stage intermediates involved in the biosynthesis of Taxol(R) (paclitaxel). Tritium-labeled 5 and 6 were successfully prepared by Barton deoxygenation using tri-n-butyltintritiide of the C-14-hydroxyl group of a taxoid obtained from Japanese Yew.
Zingg U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus is a common condition after abdominal surgery. Many prokinetic drugs have been evaluated including osmotic laxatives. The data on colon-stimulating laxatives are scarce. This prospective, randomized, double-blind trial investigates the effect of the colon-stimulating laxative bisacodyl on postoperative ileus in elective colorectal resections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between ...
Sumi Tetsuo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We examined the effectiveness of sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score to describe patients with strangulation ileus. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 66 patients given a diagnosis of ileus who underwent a surgery during the period from January 2001 to December 2006. On the basis of surgical findings, they ...
Bani-Hani Ahmad H - - 2008
PURPOSE: We report the long-term outcome of the Malone antegrade continence enema procedure in the treatment of chronic constipation and fecal incontinence in children with neuropathic bowel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 256 Malone antegrade continence enema procedures. Patient age at surgery, bowel segment used, ...
Zargar-Shoshtari Kamran - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs have demonstrated significant reduction in hospital stay for patients undergoing colonic surgery; however, their impact on long-term outcomes, such as postoperative fatigue (POF), has not been fully established. AIM: To assess the impact of an ERAS program on POF and recovery following elective ...
Cadili Ali - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence against its utility, many surgeons continue to employ prophylactic nasogastric decompression in elective colonic resection. This study aimed to establish whether an easy and practical intervention, mailing out a summary of current evidence to surgeons, can change surgeons practice to bring it more in line with current ...
Bruzoni Matias - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prolonged survival in pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) is now possible because of parenteral nutrition and small bowel transplantation. We hypothesized that there may be important differences between adult patients who developed SBS during early childhood and those who develop this as adolescents. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients between ...
Wei Shenhai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fluid balance and its association with surgical outcomes in patients with esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer have not been clearly elucidated. A retrospective study of this association is reported. METHODS: A retrospective study involving 99 patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy or esophagogastrectomy was conducted. The intraoperative and postoperative fluid ...
Tanaka Shogo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) after abdominal surgery is usually treated successfully with intestinal decompression using a long nasointestinal tube (LT), but some cases fail to respond. METHODS: Clinical background and laboratory data on admission were evaluated retrospectively for 53 patients with adhesive SBO to determine predictive factors for failure ...
Artinyan Avo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus (POI) remains an inevitable consequence of abdominal surgery. Although the pathogenesis of delayed gastrointestinal transit in the postoperative period has been the subject of considerable study, a clinically useful definition of what constitutes a pathologically prolonged ileus has yet to be established. The objectives of this study ...
Matsumoto Takayuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Small-bowel radiography may be replaced by enteroscopy in the diagnosis of small-intestine lesions. We retrospectively elucidated the diagnostic yield of small-bowel radiography performed before double-balloon endoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-four patients who underwent double-balloon endoscopy during the period 2004-2006 were classified into those with abnormal radiographic findings ...
Moldrem Amy W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Midgut malrotation most commonly presents in young children. This diagnosis is not often entertained in the adolescent or adult with abdominal complaints. We reviewed our experience with this subset of malrotation patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records from adolescent or adult patients identified with a diagnosis of ...
Iqbal Corey W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increasing use of colonoscopy is making iatrogenic perforations more common. We herein present our experience with operative management of colonoscopic-related perforations. DESIGN: Retrospective review (1980-2006). SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: A total of 258 248 colonoscopies performed in patients, from which we identified 180 iatrogenic perforations (incidence, 0.07%). Of ...
Floch Martin H MH Section of Digestive Diseases, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8019, USA. - - 2008
Recommendations for the clinical use of probiotics were published after a Yale University Workshop in 2005. A similar workshop was held in 2007, and the recommendations were updated and extended into other areas. The recommendations are graded into an "A," "B," "C" or no category based on the expert's opinion ...
Narita Kazuhiro - - 2008
PURPOSE: Mosapride citrate (mosapride) is a serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor agonist known to promote gastric emptying and large-intestine motility. We assessed the effect of mosapride on postoperative ileus following colon surgery. METHODS: Forty patients with colon cancer undergoing hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy were randomly assigned to a mosapride group or a ...
Zargar-Shoshtari Kamran - - 2008
PURPOSE: Fast-track (enhanced recovery) care pathways for colonic surgery are becoming increasingly popular; however, there have been concerns regarding protocol compliance, high readmission rates, and also the true impact on morbidity rates with these protocols. This study was conducted to assess the impact of a fast-track program for colonic surgery ...
Hallowell G D - - 2008
Cases with a history of colic due to a large colonic impaction were recruited retrospectively to assess the treatment efficacy and complications of oral and parenteral fluid therapy regimes for correction of primary large colon impactions. Oral isotonic fluids had been administered at varying intervals following initial treatment with magnesium ...
Liao Z - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: In 20% of patients, capsule endoscopes fail to reach the cecum within the 8-hour battery life. This is the most common cause of incomplete small-bowel examination. The aim of this study was to determine whether keeping patients in the right lateral position (RLP) improves the complete ...
De Carli Claudio - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Colostomy morbidity has been reported to be as high as 50%. Laparoscopic-assisted colostomy (LAC) is associated with decreased colostomy complication. LAC is recommended for stoma formation in adults but has not been previously reported in children. In this paper, we report on our initial experience with LAC in children. ...
Zingale Lorenza C - - 2008
Hereditary angioedema (HAE), a rare genetic disorder caused by a deficiency of the C1 esterase inhibitor, leads to an episodic, self-limiting increase in vascular permeability. Related symptoms commonly include recurrent, intractable abdominal pain, vomiting, and/or diarrhea. DX-88 (ecallantide), a 60-amino acid recombinant protein discovered through phage display technology, is a ...
Tomović Vladimir M - - 2008
The effect of rapid air chilling of carcasses in the first 3 h of chilling at -31°C (then at 2-4°C, till 24 h post-mortem) and the possibility of earlier deboning (8 h post-mortem) after rapid air chilling, compared to conventional air chilling (at 2-4°C, till 24 h post-mortem) on weight ...
Hayashi Shigeoki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial was designed to assess whether the use of a sodium hyaluronate-based bioresorbable membrane reduces small bowel obstruction after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Clinical studies have reported that a bioresorbable membrane significantly reduces the incidence and severity of adhesion after abdominopelvic surgery. METHODS: ...
Kawahara Hidejiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was undertaken to verify an original procedure, drainage through anastomosis (DTA), for one-stage operation in emergency surgical treatment of left-sided colonic obstruction. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-two patients underwent emergency surgical treatment for left-sided colonic malignant obstruction between 2001 and 2005 either by DTA or conventional method (CM). The parameters ...
Cross K L R - - 2008
Resection, on-table lavage (OTL) and primary anastomosis is the treatment of choice for the obstructed left colon. OTL is time-consuming, requires considerable mobilisation/bowel handling, an enterotomy and potentially exposes the patient to mesenteric vascular injury, faecal contamination and a prolonged ileus. We have assessed outcome following primary resection and anastomosis ...
Pini Prato Alessio - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Long-term results after surgical treatment of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) are not always as good as a surgeon may perceive. Several studies have tried to correlate preoperative features to the surgical outcome of HSCR, but none came to definitive conclusions. Our study is aimed at identifying risk factors of poorer ...
Wehrmann Till - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colorectal cancer screening increased the workload of colonoscopic procedures in endoscopic units. Recent developments advocated the use of smaller and more flexible scopes to achieve the goal of a complete examination to the cecum. Therefore, the use of an upper GI scope for colonoscopy can be considered. ...
Pallotta Nadia - - 2008
AIM: To assess prospectively small bowel stenoses in Crohn's disease (CD) patients treated with infliximab using Small Intestine Contrast Ultrasonography (SICUS). METHODS: Twenty patients (M 12, age, 42.7 +/- 11.8 years), 15 of whom showed obstructive symptoms indicating the presence of small bowel stenosis, and 5 without stenosis, were treated ...
Baca Bilgi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of preoperative mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on colonic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: Seventy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into 7 equal groups of 10 rats each. Groups were assigned as follows: group I = sham surgery; group ...
Rösch Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several new instruments have been developed in the effort to improve the acceptance of colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening. A new colonoscope, the Invendoscope, is presented here. It consists of an endoscopic sheath with an inverted sleeve, instrument channel, and an electrohydraulic deflecting tip. The instrument is steered by ...
Holzer B - - 2008
PURPOSE: Constipation is frequently a multifactorial disease. This study was designed to evaluate the potential effects of sacral nerve stimulation for patients suffering from severe chronic constipation. METHODS: Nineteen patients suffering from pathologic colonic transit time or rectal outlet obstruction were included. Only patients with severe rectal outlet obstruction who ...
Meyer Karine F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine which was the optimal side for the conduit to be placed (right or left colon) for antegrade continence enema implantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 1999 and March 2006, 31 patients underwent the construction of a catheterizable conduit using the Malone ...
Bartel Gregor - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors of the modern Western lifestyle may trigger Crohn's disease (CD) in susceptible individuals. Because such factors could be part of ingested matter, we intended to improve intestinal Crohn's lesions by exclusion thereof. METHODS: At first we tested a highly restricted diet (based on spelt bread and red ...
Pavlidis T E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Emergency surgery for colorectal cancer is common in daily practice, and is mainly implied by bowel obstruction. It is related to increased morbidity and mortality. Its relation with the stage and respectability of the disease is uncertain. This study aims to further clarify these parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over ...
Mabrut Jean-Yves - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: No agent has been consistently effective in preventing formation of peritoneal adhesions and postoperative bowel obstruction after abdominal surgery. The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to assess clinical safety and efficiency of a new adhesion-reduction barrier METHODOLOGY: Between September 2000 and April 2001, Prevadh was used in ...
Lohsiriwat Varut - - 2008
AIM: To determine the relationship between pre-operative hypoalbuminemia and the development of complications following rectal cancer surgery, as well as postoperative bowel function and hospital stay. METHODS: The medical records of 244 patients undergoing elective oncological resection for rectal adenocarcinoma at Siriraj Hospital during 2003 and 2006 were reviewed. The ...
Sizemore Alecia W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malrotation is a congenital disorder of abnormal intestinal rotation and fixation that predisposes infants to potentially life-threatening midgut volvulus. Upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI) examination is sometimes equivocal and can lead to inaccurate diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of UGI examinations in children who subsequently underwent a Ladd ...
Da Cunha Maria L - - 2008
A masked randomized clinical trial was conducted in 93 neonates who received the first bath with chlorhexidine (experimental) (n=44) or neutral liquid soap (control) (n=49). Three samples were collected for culture from the neonates' right axilla skin before bath, 30 min and 24 h after bath. Immediately before bath, Staphylococcus ...
Zhang Q - - 2008
PURPOSE: The study was designed to investigate the influence of gum chewing on the return of gastrointestinal function after gastric abdominal surgery in children and the action of neural and humoral hormones in the mechanism of gum chewing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen patients were enrolled in our study. Each patient ...
Drouault-Holowacz S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a probiotic combination on symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: We investigated the efficiency of a probiotic dietary supplement, containing four strains of lactic acid bacteria, on symptoms of IBS. One hundred and sixteen patients ...
Hinkel U - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Constipation is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal symptoms. Traditionally, drug therapy for constipation is not prescribed and controlled by physicians. Instead, laxatives are sold by pharmacists as over-the-counter (OTC) medication. The aim of this study was to explore the safety and usage pattern of the OTC laxative sodium ...
Baglaj M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multiple intestinal atresia (MIA) presents with a wide spectrum of bowel pathologies. Its treatment is a challenging task since restoration of anatomical continuity of the affected intestine must be balanced against preservation of the intestine's maximal length. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical notes of 26 ...
Johanson J F JF College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Rockford, IL, USA. - - 2008
Analyses of a trial in constipated patients indicated that lubiprostone may be an effective treatment for irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. To assess the efficacy and safety of three lubiprostone doses for irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. 195 irritable bowel syndrome with constipation patients received daily doses of 16 [8 ...
Ell Christian - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based gut lavage solutions are safe and effective, but require consumption of large volumes of fluid. We compared a new 2 L solution of PEG plus ascorbic acid (PEG + Asc) with standard 4 L PEG with electrolytes (PEG + E) for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy to ...
Karami Hassan
Chronic constipation is a common elimination dysfunction in children. Chronic Functional Constipation (CFC) is referred to condition in which there is not underlying anatomic or medical causes. In addition to correction of defecation pattern and nutritional considerations, treatment of childhood CFC is also included case related drugs such as lactulose, ...
Mangel Allen W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Crofelemer improves bowel function in several conditions characterized by states of prominent secretory diarrhea. AIM: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluated the effects of 3 dose levels of crofelemer in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS). METHODS: Male and female patients were randomly assigned to receive crofelemer 125, ...
Selehi Seema - - 2008
There are many factors that influence successful outcomes in colonoscopy. The aims of this study were to evaluate these factors and determine ways to improve outcomes. All participants (N=229) who underwent planned colonoscopy between July and September 2004 were retrospectively included. Participants included 118 men and 111 women with a ...
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