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Results 301 - 350 of 2118
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Chaudhary Shyam Chand SC Department of Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2013
Organophosphorous (OP) poisoning is one of the most common poisonings seen in India. OP compounds act through inhibition of enzyme acetylcholinesterase and estimation of pseudocholinesterase (PCE) activity strengthens the diagnosis in clinically uncertain cases of OP poisoning. The role of pralidoxime (PAM) therapy in OP poisoning has been controversial. This ...
Jeong Oh - - 2013
Several previous studies have concluded that iron supplementation is not beneficial for correcting acute postoperative anemia. However, little data are available about the effect of intravenous (IV) iron supplementation for acute postoperative anemia in patients undergoing gastrectomy. Between February 2009 and May 2012, 527 patients underwent gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma. ...
Imazio Massimo M Cardiology Department, Maria Vittoria Hospital, Turin, Italy. - - 2013
Colchicine is effective for the treatment of recurrent pericarditis. However, conclusive data are lacking regarding the use of colchicine during a first attack of acute pericarditis and in the prevention of recurrent symptoms. In a multicenter, double-blind trial, eligible adults with acute pericarditis were randomly assigned to receive either colchicine ...
Haznedaroglu Ibrahim C - - 2013
Introduction: The aim of this paper is to indicate optimal tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) administration practices based on European LeukemiaNet (ELN) 2013 recommendations for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Likewise, current concerns of undertreatment and overtreatment with TKIs during the long-term clinical course of CML will be outlined. Areas covered: Currently ...
Jain Suneil - - 2013
The optimal duration over which lung SBRT should be delivered is unknown. We conducted a randomized pilot study in patients treated with four fractions of lung SBRT delivered over 4 or over 11days. Patients with a peripheral solitary lung tumor (NSCLC or pulmonary metastasis) ⩽5cm were eligible. For NSCLC lung ...
Salam Kizhakkaniyakath Abdu - - 2013
Intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator has been shown to be beneficial up to 4·5-hours of symptom onset. The study aims to review our experience with thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in the 3- to 4·5-hours window in acute ischemic stroke. Prospective observational study ...
Tsivgoulis Georgios - - 2013
There are limited data regarding the use of intravenous thrombolysis in patients who experienced acute ischemic symptoms during their hospitalization for prior transient ischemic attack. We sought to prospectively evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke occurring during hospitalization for transient ischemic ...
Wu Xiaojin - - 2013
Reports from multiple centers have shown that reduced-intensity allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (RIC-HCT) is able to benefit some adult patients suffering from Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, the relationship between donor cell source and outcome of RIC-HCT in (Ph-)ALL patients has not been elucidated. In this study, we ...
Hu Shou-Liang - - 2013
There is no report on the effects of sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) plus hemoperfusion (HP) (SLED + HP) in patients with acute severe organophosphate (OP) poisoning (ASOPP). This study was designed to compare the therapeutic effectiveness between SLED + HP and continuous hemofiltration (CHF) plus HP (CHF + HP) in patients with ASOPP. In order to ...
Strati Paolo - - 2013
Trisomy 21 is frequently noted in patients with AML. In adults, +21 has traditionally been considered an intermediate-risk cytogenetic aberration. We analyzed 90 patients with newly diagnosed AML harboring +21. Four cytogenetic subgroups were defined based on associated cytogenetic abnormalities: +21 alone, +21 with favorable, +21 with intermediate, and +21 with unfavorable cytogenetics. Fifty-four percent of ...
Parker David M - - 2013
Acute incarceration of paraesophageal hernias (PEHs) requiring urgent or emergent surgery is rare. Patients are often elderly with significant comorbidities and have historically been treated with open abdominal or thoracic incisions. Our study was designed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (LPEHR) in patients ...
Lee Shinwon - - 2013
Background: Ceftriaxone is frequently administered empirically for hospitalized patients with acute pyelonephritis (APN) due to prevalent quinolone resistance in our hospital; however, its use is inappropriate for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, an increasing problem. Methods: A retrospective, 1:2 matched cohort study was performed to evaluate the impact of ESBL ...
Dubois Thomas A - - 2013
The healing knowledge of a Sami (Saami) hunter and reindeer herder was surveyed as a window into the concepts of health, healing, and disease in early twentieth-century Sapmi (Northern Sweden). The two books of Johan Turi (1854--1936)---An Account of the Sami (1910) and Lappish Texts (1918--19) were examined to determine ...
Heerema Nyla A NA Nyla A. Heerema and Julie M. Gastier-Foster, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center; Julie M. Gastier-Foster, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH; Andrew J. Carroll, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; Meenakshi Devidas, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; Mignon L. Loh, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA; Michael J. Borowitz, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD; Eric C. Larsen, Maine Children's Cancer Program, Scarborough, ME; Leonard A. Mattano Jr, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI; Kelly W. Maloney and Stephen P. Hunger, Children's Hospital Colorado and University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO; Cheryl L. Willman, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM; Brent L. Wood, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; Naomi J. Winick, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; and William L. Carroll and Elizabeth A. Raetz, The New York University Cancer Institute, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, - - 2013
Five-year overall survival (OS) for children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) exceeds 90% with risk-adapted therapy. Age, initial WBC count, genetic aberrations, and minimal residual disease (MRD) are used for risk stratification. Intrachromosomal amplification of a region of chromosome 21 (iAMP21; three or more extra copies of RUNX1 ...
Bruserud O - - 2013
Hyperleukocytosis is usually defined as leukocyte count >100 × 10(9)  L(-1) and can be seen in newly diagnosed leukaemias. Hyperleukocytic leukaemia is associated with a risk of organ failure and early death secondary to leukostasis. Mechanical removal of leukocytes by the apheresis technique, leukocytapheresis, is a therapeutic option in these patients. During ...
Connolly Mark M Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, USA; Neural Systems and Dynamics Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, - - 2013
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a powerful endogenous mechanism whereby a brief period of ischemia is capable of protecting remote tissues from subsequent ischemic insult. While this phenomenon has been extensively studied in the heart and brain in animal models, little work has been done to explore the effects of ...
Byun Hayoung - - 2013
To evaluate the prognostic and predictive value of electroneuronography (ENoG) in acute severe inflammatory facial paralysis, including Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS). Prospective observational study. Patients with acute severe facial paralysis of House-Brackmann (H-B) grade IV or worse and diagnosed with Bell's palsy or RHS were enrolled from ...
Chierchia Gian-Battista - - 2013
Cryoballoon ablation (CBA) (Arctic Front, Medtronic, USA) has proven very effective in achieving pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Different transseptal (TS) puncture sites might influence CBA procedure. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of different TS puncture sites (anterior, medial and posterior) on the acute and ...
Rahman F - - 2013
Life-threatening coagulopathy associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has been the defining clinical characteristic and is an important risk factor for fatal haemorrhage and early death. Pathogenesis of coagulopathy in APL is complex and mainly includes disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The study was done to see the status of DIC ...
Shekhar Ravi R Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, NRI Medical College , Chinakakani, Guntur, India - - 2013
Meningitis is still a major cause of illness in many parts of the world. Though substantial improvement has been occurred in the diagnosis of meningitis, conclusive differentiation between tubercular and pyogenic meningitis remains to be an unsolved problem. Patients with meningitis often have severe neurological deficit or die inspite of ...
Bezuidenhout A Fourie - - 2013
Background. The indications for urgent computed tomography of the brain (CTB) in the acute setting are controversial. While guidelines have been proposed for CTB in well-resourced countries, these are not always appropriate for resource-limited environments. Furthermore, no unifying guideline exists for trauma-related and non-trauma-related acute intracranial pathology. Adoption by resource-limited ...
Yong Yao Pey - - 2013
The timing of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) following thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke remains controversial. We have described our unit's experience and performed a systematic review and pooled data synthesis of the safety of CEA in this group of patients. Retrospective analysis of patients who had undergone CEA following thrombolysis between ...
Robbins Shawn M - - 2013
The objective was to explore predictors of physical function during acute in-patient rehabilitation within a few days after TKA. Physical function status of participants (n = 72) three days after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was measured using the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) and the function subscale of the ...
Nomura Satoshi - - 2013
Elevation of the serum total bilirubin (STB) level not stemming from hepatic dysfunction or biliary obstruction may be seen in cases of acute appendicitis. This paper deals with the clinical significance of such elevations. Data from 410 appendectomized patients classified into two groups (a high preoperative STB group and a ...
Belenguer-Muncharaz A - - 2013
A comparison was made between invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in haematological patients with acute respiratory failure. A retrospective observational study was made from 2001 to December 2011. A clinical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary hospital. Patients with hematological malignancies suffering acute respiratory ...
Tolonen J - - 2013
Abstract Context: Cardiorenal biomarkers (CBs) predict outcome in acute heart failure (AHF). Objective: To evaluate CBs in early follow-up prognostication. Methods: In 124 AHF patients, levels of CystatinC, NT-proBNP and TroponinI measured five weeks from admission (W5) and relative change from day 2 (D2) were assessed for 6-month prognosis (mortality/HF ...
Hanninen Mikael - - 2013
Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common supraventricular tachycardia referred for ablation. High success rates have been accompanied with a small risk of atrioventricular (AV) block. Cryoablation has been used as an alternative to radiofrequency (RF) ablation, but studies have been underpowered in comparing the 2 techniques. An ...
Numata Satoshi - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate mid-long-term results of aortic arch replacement. Between 1992 and 2012, 263 consecutive patients underwent aortic arch repair in our institution. Follow-up rate was 92%, and 243 patients were enrolled in this study. Two hundred twelve patients (87%) underwent total arch replacement using ...
Chang Chen-Jung - - 2013
Gastroesophageal varices bleeding is a major complication in patients with cirrhosis. Gastric varices (GVs) occur in approximately 20% of patients with portal hypertension. However, GV bleeding develops in only 25% of patients with GV and requires more transfusion and has higher mortality than esophageal variceal (EV) bleeding. The best strategy ...
Zhou Jian Zhong - - 2013
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a strong marker of acute myeloid leukemia. The aim of this study was to compare MPO staining at different temperatures. Four bone marrow aspirate smears of each case were incubated with MPO staining solution at 4°C, 20°C, 37°C and 50°C, respectively. 30 patients with score <150 at ...
Ternacle Julien - - 2013
Background: The benefit of load expansion is controversial in acute pulmonary embolism (PE). The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of furosemide in cases of normotensive acute PE. Methods and Results: We retrospectively included 70 consecutive normotensive patients (systolic blood pressure ≥90mmHg) admitted for acute PE with right ventricular ...
Waber Deborah P DP Division of Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Dexamethasone is more efficacious than prednisone in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but has also been associated with greater toxicity. We compared neuropsychological outcomes for patients treated on DFCI ALL Consortium Protocol 00-01, which included a randomized comparison of the two steroid preparations during post-induction therapy in children ...
Kouvelos George N - - 2013
Isolated acute abdominal aortic dissection (IAAAD) is considered an unusual clinical entity and is traditionally treated by open surgical repair. We report our single-center experience during the last 9 years, evaluating the outcomes after endovascular repair in this patient population. All patients with a diagnosis of IAAAD treated in our institute ...
Goldsmith Zachariah G - - 2013
To characterize the use of emergent JJ ureteric stent placement and percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) for patients with obstructive urolithiasis with sepsis, and to determine whether outcomes differ between the two treatment methods. A total of 130 patients with obstructive urolithiasis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome criteria were identified retrospectively from ...
Mohammad Abd El Nasser A Ael - - 2013
To evaluate the long-term efficacy of local injection of steroid in treatment of acute idiopathic dacryoadenitis, myositis, and diffuse anterior orbital inflammation. This prospective noncomparative interventional case study included 47 patients with acute idiopathic orbital inflammation. The disease was acute idiopathic 1) dacryoadenitis in 31 patients, 2) myositis in 12 ...
Zakaria Mohamed S - - 2013
Background / Aim: Balloon tamponade has been widely available in emergency situations of acute variceal bleeding. To lessen the complications of Balloon tamponade, a new special type of stent for exclusive use in acute variceal bleeding has been developed. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and safety of the ...
Gosavi Tushar D - - 2013
With increasing usage of thrombolysis in the treatment of acute ischemic strokes within 4.5- hour window, it is becoming more important to recognize stroke mimics. Though the incidence of stroke mimics being thrombolysed is less than 3%, it is essential to diagnose them so as to avoid wrong thrombolytic treatment ...
Butler Bryan R - - 2013
This study evaluated retraction in the setting of acute rotator cuff tears and determined its effects on patient outcomes and tendon repair integrity. A total of 22 patients had surgery within 6 weeks or less from the time of injury. Fifteen of these patients were prospectively followed at a minimum ...
Doval D C DC Department of Medical Oncology and Research, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Rohini, New Delhi, - - 2013
The data presents 75 chronic myeloid leukemia patients diagnosed over a period 6 years i.e. from 2002 to 2008. The most common presentation was splenomegaly and 97% achieved complete hematological response at median duration of 4.3 weeks. The uniqueness of this study is follow-up with molecular response monitoring. Nearly, 30% ...
Lu Nan - - 2013
The most appropriate procedure for surgical treatment of severe acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation was still not clear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of coracoclavicular (CC) reconstruction with ligament augmentation and reconstruction system (LARS) artificial ligaments for the treatment of acute complete AC joint dislocation. Twenty-four ...
Chen Chuang-Wei - - 2013
This study aimed at reporting a modified LigaSure technique for the treatment of acute hemorrhoidal crisis. Consecutive patients with an acute hemorrhoidal crisis received a modified LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy. After removing the hemorrhoidal tissues above the welding line, scissors were used to undermine the anoderm to excise residual thrombosed hemorrhoidal tissue. ...
Nazha Aziz - - 2013
Response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors at 3 month is a predictor for long term outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. We analyzed 456 newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors to determine their outcome based on their response at 6 months. ...
Zhang Jane H - - 2013
AKI affects approximately 2%-7% of hospitalized patients and >35% of critically ill patients. Survival after AKI may be described as having an acute phase (including an initial hyperacute component) followed by a convalescent phase, which may itself have early and late components. Data from the Veterans Affairs/National Institutes of Health ...
Tan Ker-Kan - - 2013
The management of diverticulitis in young Asian patients remains challenging. This study aimed to highlight the issues of managing diverticulitis in young Asians. A retrospective review of all patients who were admitted for acute colonic diverticulitis from October 2003 to December 2008 was performed. Patients who were ≤50 year old ...
Ota Hisanobu - - 2013
Proteinuria and reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) are associated with an increased risk of mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it is unknown whether there is a difference in prognostic value for all-cause mortality between proteinuria and eGFR during post-AMI. A consecutive series of 101 patients admitted with ...
Hogg Kerstin - - 2013
Future funding for new treatments in venous thromboembolism will be guided by cost-utility analyses. There is little available information on the utility of acute venous thromboembolism, limiting the validity of economic analyses. To measure the quality of life in the health states relating to thromboembolism cost-utility analyses. A prospective cohort ...
Park Sung Il - - 2013
To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of single-session aspiration thrombectomy using large catheters without pharmacologic thrombolysis to treat acute and subacute lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). From January 2008 to December 2011, single-session aspiration thrombectomy using large, 11F introducer catheters to treat acute and subacute lower extremity DVT was performed ...
Croft A - - 2013
Up to 40% of patients who present with acute severe ulcerative colitis (UC) fail to make an adequate response to intravenous corticosteroids. Ciclosporin or infliximab are currently employed as salvage therapy in this clinical scenario. To compare clinical outcomes in patients treated with ciclosporin or infliximab in the setting of ...
Sato Mari - - 2013
Acute cholangitis and cholecystitis (AC) often progress to severe septic conditions. We evaluated the endotoxin activity assay (EAA) for assessment and prediction of the severity of AC. We retrospectively reviewed 98 patients diagnosed with AC. We divided them into low (<0.4) and high (≥0.4) groups based on EAA values. Endotoxin ...
Hansen Erik - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Acute postoperative infection after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is typically treated with irrigation and débridement and exchange of the modular femoral head and acetabular liner. Given a rate of failure exceeding 50% in some series, a one-stage exchange has been suggested as a potential alternative because it allows more ...
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