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Gertz M A - - 2011
The role of auto-SCT in the management of Ig light-chain (AL) amyloidosis remains undefined. In this study, we report 422 patients who received auto-SCT for AL amyloidosis to compare outcomes of patients treated before January 2006 with those treated from January 2006 to 1 December 2009. Day 100 all-cause mortality ...
Hämmäinen Pekka - - 2011
This retrospective study investigated early outcome in patients with end-stage pulmonary disease bridged with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with the intention of lung transplantation (LTx) in 2 Scandinavian transplant centers. ECMO was used as a bridge to LTx in 16 patients between 2005 and 2009 at Sahlgrenska and Helsinki University ...
Schaer Beat A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between improved ejection fraction (EF) and occurrence of arrhythmias in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy devices with defibrillator function (CRT-D). The hypothesis was that patients who experienced a marked improvement in EF also had fewer appropriate defibrillator interventions. We analysed ...
De Ruvo Ermenegildo - - 2011
Background:  A relative high rate of clinical and device-related adverse events (AE) is generally reported in patients with implantable defibrillators for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-D). Aim of this study was to compare a daily remote monitoring (RM) to a standard program of in-office visits. Methods and Results:  We retrospectively analyzed ...
Karavidas Apostolos - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Patients with HF exhibit a high prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). We have investigated the long-term impact of positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy on heart function and clinical outcomes in patients with advanced ...
Sholomov I I - - 2010
A total of 116 patients with ischemic stroke were studied during the early recovery period. The patients were divided into four groups - three experimental groups and one control group. Of these, 87 patients in the first three groups received transcranial magneto- and/or color and rhythm therapy (TcMT, CRT) along ...
Sánchez-Lázaro I J - - 2010
The shortage of donor organs has prompted increased acceptance of hearts from donors with more comorbidities. With increasing frequency, hearts are being offered from patients who have undergone a resuscitated cardiac arrest (RCA). Our aim was to compare the rate of complications in the postoperative and follow-up periods, depending on ...
Ishikawa Susumu - - 2010
The efficacy of combination treatment of original cold crystalloid cardioplegia (SHA solution; St. Thomas + Histidine + ATP + oxygen) and additional blood cardioplegia was studied in patients who required cardiac arrest time of 120 minutes or longer. One hundred and thirty-six patients were included in this study. Patients were ...
Gómez Moreno S - - 2010
Graft vascular disease (GVD) is a form of accelerated atherosclerosis that involves the transplanted heart, affecting more than 40% of patients after follow-up of 5 years. According to some authors, adiponectin concentration is a prognostic factor for progression of coronary atherosclerosis. Following this line of research, the objective of the ...
Kuhl T - - 2010
HISTORY: Small bowel resection had to be performed because of an acute ileus in a 16-year old girl with mucoviscidosis. Severe respiratory insufficiency developed and she was transferred to the intensive care unit. INVESTIGATIONS: The clinical signs of a severe ARDS were demonstrated: Horowitz index < 200, pO (2) 57 mm Hg, FiO (2) ...
Hirashiki Akihiro - - 2010
1. To date, few prognostic indicators for ambulatory patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) have been identified. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the occurrence of dobutamine-induced mechanical alternans (MA) and prognosis in ambulatory patients with IDCM. 2. Left ventricular pressure was measured during ...
Komoda Takeshi T Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany. - - 2011
Smaller body size is one of the characteristics of female patients. We analyzed whether lower body surface area (BSA) of adult patients affects their prognosis after listing for heart transplantation (HTx). Adult candidates (≥ 18 and <65 years) for de novo HTx in our center, who were newly listed as ...
Claesson Andreas - - 2011
To describe time delay during surf rescue and compare the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before and after exertion in surf lifeguards. A total of 40 surf lifeguards at the Tylösand Surf Lifesaving Club in Sweden (65% men; age, 19-43 years) performed single-rescuer CPR for 10 minutes on a Laerdal ...
Miranda Lucas Bernardes LB Department of Neurosurgery, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2011
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is perceived to be a "benign," easily treated condition in the elderly, but reported follow-up periods are brief, usually limited to acute hospitalization. The authors conducted a retrospective review of data obtained in a prospectively identified consecutive series of adult patients admitted to their institution between ...
Naidoo Reené - - 2011
The epidemiology of primary immunodeficiencies (PID) is not well documented in Africa. The objective of this study was to describe the spectrum of PID at a tertiary paediatric centre in South Africa. A retrospective study was conducted on 168 patients diagnosed with PID from 1983 to 2009. Over the study ...
Roediger Regine - - 2011
The aim of this study was to validate the revised SenTec V-Sign 2 sensor (SenTec AG, Therwil, Switzerland) for combined noninvasive continuous assessment of pulse rate, pulse oximetry (SpO(2)), and transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (PtcCO(2)) in adults after cardiac surgery. A prospective clinical study. A single-center university hospital. Twenty adult ...
Chong Carol P - - 2010
After emergency orthopedic-geriatric surgery, cardiac complications are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The utility of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) for the prediction of cardiac complications and mortality was evaluated. NT-pro-BNP was tested pre- and postoperatively in 89 patients >60 years of age. They were followed for 2 ...
Vida Vladimiro L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital heart disease. To evaluate the surgical results, we embarked on the European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association (ECHSA) multicentric study. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 1997 to December 2007, we collected data on 68 patients who underwent surgery for scimitar syndrome. Primary outcomes included ...
Lee K Jane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine alterations in end-of-life support in a multiinstitutional sample of PICUs. METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive study. Variables collected included end-of-life support category, race, length of stay, operative status, reason for admission, and Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 score, as well as the number ...
Zekry Dina - - 2010
Older patients often suffer from multiple co-morbid conditions. Few co-morbidity indices are valid and reliable in elderly patients and comparison between them is rare. Our objective was to compare the performance, relevance, and abilities of six widely used and validated co-morbidity indices--the Charlson Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatrics (CIRS), Index of ...
Hamdan Mohamed A - - 2010
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) affects most infants with Pompe disease (PD), and may serve as a marker for its antenatal diagnosis (ANDx) by fetal echocardiography (FE). Fetuses diagnosed with HCM between 2006 and 2009 were included in this study. HCM, defined as Z-score of mean left ventricular wall thickness (LVWT) and/or ...
Ong Marcus Eng Hock - - 2010
This study aimed to determine if a deployment strategy based on geospatial-time analysis is able to reduce ambulance response times for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OOHCA) in an urban emergency medical services (EMS) system. An observational prospective study examining geographic locations of all OOHCA in Singapore was conducted. Locations of cardiac ...
van Kuijk Jan-Peter - - 2010
Major vascular surgery patients are at high risk for developing asymptomatic perioperative myocardial ischemia reflected by a postoperative troponin release without the presence of chest pain or electrocardiographic abnormalities. Long-term prognosis is severely compromised and characterized by an increased risk of long-term mortality and cardiovascular events. Current guidelines on perioperative ...
Dhandayuthapani Giridhar - - 2010
To outline the etiology, clinical course, short-term survival to discharge and neurological outcome of infants (<1 yr) with new cardiac diagnoses presenting to a pediatric intensive care (PICU) unit with acute cardiac compromise. Retrospective search of a computerized database and medical case notes for all acute cardiac admissions to PICU ...
Gondos Tibor - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To examine the kinetics of volume loading with crystalloid and colloid infusions in critically ill patients after major surgery, using the pulse contour cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring technique. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, multicentre study of 11 ICUs involved 200 mixed postoperative hypovolaemic patients (50 patients per group) ...
Özo─čul Yusuf Bayram - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate the impact of age on short-term surgical outcomes and to investigate the risk factors for postoperative mortality in 660 Turkish colorectal cancer patients. Between January 2002 and January 2007, 660 consecutive patients who were operated for colorectal cancer at our institution were enrolled in this study. ...
Pavek Todd J - - 2010
Environmental conditions may influence experimental outcomes in laboratory animals. In this study, we measured the effects of a vortex air-filtration device (AFD) on growth rate, morbidity, mortality, behavior, and gross pathology in P2a Leghorn chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) raised from hatchlings to 6 wk of age. Growth rate was reduced ...
Frank John J - - 2010
To retrospectively study demographic, clinical and hospital outcomes in patients who developed RPH following cardiac catheterization. Charts of patients with RPH from cardiac catheterization, between January 1, 2000 and July 30, 2005 were reviewed and compared with two control groups (Grp-I, 90 patients with local groin complications and Grp-II, 98 ...
Muthers Stefan - - 2010
Strong heat load has negative impacts on the human health and results in higher mortality during heat waves. In Europe, the summer 2003 was responsible for a high number of heat-related deaths, especially in Western Europe. Vienna was only partially affected. The aim of this study is to compare the ...
Jiang Cheng - - 2010
Improvement in the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may improve the survival rate following cardiac arrest. The aims of our study were to describe how recording of CPR maneuvers performed in our emergency department with real-time video and regular feedback learning may improve CPR. A digital video-recording system enabled us ...
Castrén Maaret - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transnasal evaporative cooling has sufficient heat transfer capacity for effective intra-arrest cooling and improves survival in swine. The aim of this study was to determine the safety, feasibility, and cooling efficacy of prehospital transnasal cooling in humans and to explore its effects on neurologically intact survival to hospital discharge. ...
Leong Jee-Yoong - - 2010
Perioperative therapy with antioxidants and metabolic substrates has the potential to reduce oxidative stress and improve recovery from cardiac surgery, particularly in elderly and high risk cases. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of perioperative metabolic therapy at a biochemical, clinical and economic level in cardiac ...
Porciani Maria Cristina MC Heart and Vessels Department, University of Florence, Viale Morgagni, Florence, - - 2010
Current guidelines for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) include electrical but not mechanical dyssynchrony assessment. Our study aims to investigate the effects of isolated or combined mechanical and electrical dyssynchrony, according, respectively, to a standard deviation of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) derived time to systolic peak ≥32.6 ms and to a ...
Sial Ashfaq A - - 2010
Studies were conducted to determine the residual toxicity of spinetoram, chlorantraniliprole, and emamectin benzoate to obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Larvae were exposed to apple (Malus spp.) foliage collected at different intervals after an airblast sprayer application at the manufacturer-recommended field rate and half the field rate. A ...
Ban J H - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery in two patient groups: adults younger than 65 years of age and adults aged 65 years or older. A retrospective study. This study was conducted at an academic tertiary referral centre. One hundred and eighty ...
Janata Andreas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The induction of deep cerebral hypothermia via ice-cold saline aortic flush during prolonged ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest, followed by hypothermic stasis and delayed resuscitation (emergency preservation and resuscitation), improved neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest in pigs, as compared to conventional resuscitation. We hypothesized that emergency preservation and resuscitation with ...
Shiina Yumi - - 2011
Cyanosis is considered to be a risk factor for cholelithiasis which is an important complication of cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) in adults. In this study, the prevalence of cholelithiasis and asymptomatic calcium bilirubinate gallstones was evaluated in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). Furthermore, risk factors for this potentially ...
Rana Majeed - - 2011
Several studies have shown that mild hypothermia (32-34°C) markedly mitigates brain damage after cardiac arrest (CA). This study aimed to compare the efficacy of the non-invasive cooling device Hilotherm® Clinic (Hilotherm® GmbH, Germany) with conventional cooling to induce and maintain mild hypothermia in patients after out-of-hospital CA. 50 adult patients ...
Breidthardt Tobias - - 2010
Postoperative cardiac complications pose a substantial risk to patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) was determined preoperatively in 270 patients undergoing scheduled orthopaedic surgery. The accuracy of BNP to predict the occurrence of in-hospital cardiac events was evaluated as the primary endpoint. Cardiac events at 1 year of ...
Shioiri Akiko - - 2010
: Delirium is a common and critical clinical syndrome in older persons. The authors examined whether any abnormalities in the white matter (WM) assessed by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) predisposes patients to develop delirium after cardiac surgery and also analyzed other risk factors for delirium. : In 116 consecutive patients ...
Ball Timothy R - - 2010
To compare cardiac output (CO) measurements from a novel endotracheal bioimpedance cardiac output monitor device (ECOM; ConMed, Irvine, CA) to simultaneous pulmonary artery thermodilution (TD) CO. Prospective study. One academic hospital. Forty volunteer patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Intraoperative CO measurements. Simultaneous comparative data points were collected from ECOM and TD ...
Ji Qiang - - 2010
To evaluate the risk factors for failure of continuous veno-venous hemodialysis (CVVHD) in the treatment of acute renal failure (ARF) after cardiac surgery. Adult patients without any prior pre-operative history of chronic renal failure who underwent CVVHD after cardiac surgery in our medical center from January 2005 to December 2008 ...
Heidenreich Joseph W - - 2012
Hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (HO-CPR) is recommended as an alternative to standard CPR (STD-CPR). Studies have shown a degradation of adequate compressions with HO-CPR after 2 min when performed by young, healthy medical students. Elderly rescuers' ability to maintain an adequate compression rate and depth until emergency medical services (EMS) arrives ...
Schramko Alexey A - - 2010
The objective of this study was to find out the effect of various doses of hydroxyethyl starch (HES), gelatine or Ringer's acetate on cardiac and stroke volume index after cardiac surgery. Three consecutive boluses (each 7 mL·kg(-1)) of either 6% HES 130/0.4, 4% gelatine, or Ringer's acetate solutions were administered ...
Halámek Josef - - 2010
Cardiac repolarization is assessed by the QT interval on the surface electrocardiogram and varies with the heart rate. Standard QT corrections (QTc) do not account for the lag in QT change following a change in heart rate (QT hysteresis). Our group has developed and tested a transfer function (TRF) model ...
Shen Xuedong - - 2011
Left atrial volume index (LAVI) as a predictor of mortality has not been well investigated in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of LAVI in predicting mortality in CRT patients. We studied 100 consecutive patients who received CRT (male 73, ...
Sasaoka Taro - - 2010
The majority of heart transplant (HTx) candidates require left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support for more than 2 years before transplantation in Japan. However, the only currently available device is the extracorporeal pulsatile LVAD. The long-term management of extracorporeal LVAD support has improved remarkably over the years. To determine which ...
Kitamura Tetsuhisa - - 2010
Although chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is effective for adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of cardiac origin, it remains uncertain whether bystander-initiated rescue breathing has an incremental benefit for OHCA of noncardiac origin. A nationwide, prospective, population-based, observational study covering the whole population of Japan and involving consecutive OHCA patients ...
Westhoff-Bleck Mechthild - - 2011
Chronic severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR) causes progressive right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and heart failure. Parameters defining the optimal time point for surgery of chronic PR are lacking. The present study prospectively evaluated the impact of preoperative clinical parameters, cardiorespiratory function, QRS duration and NT-proBNP levels on post operative RV function ...
Lee Pil Hyung - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Because stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) is increasingly being observed during routine daily practice, we sought to explore the clinical features and factors that determine the outcome of SIC in a tertiary referral hospital. METHODS: Patients with typical left ventricular (LV) takotsubo (apical ballooning) or inverted takotsubo on 2-dimensional echocardiography were ...
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