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Rácz Istvan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of preemptive pantoprazole infusion on early endoscopic findings in patients with acute ulcer bleeding. Records of 333 patients admitted with acute ulcer bleeding were analyzed. Ulcer bleeders were given either 80 mg bolus of pantoprazole followed by continuous infusion of 8 mg ...
Kawahara Takashi - - 2012
A 23-year-old female had bilateral ureteral stents placed due to bilateral renal stones and hydronephrosis. The bilateral ureteral stents were changed every 3 months. A kidney ureter bladder (KUB) film showed left encrustation along the ureteral stent thus necessitating removal; however, the ureteral stent could not be removed cystoscopically. The ...
Uyanik Bunyamin - - 2012
Introduction. Acute appendicitis is the leading cause of abdominal pain in children requiring emergency surgical intervention. The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic value of MPV in early diagnosis of acute appendicitis cases in pediatric age group. Methods. This study was performed retrospectively. Three hundred five patients ...
Tamaoki Marcel Jun Sugawara - - 2012
Shoulder dislocation is the most common dislocation among the large joints. The aim here was to compare the effectiveness of reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation with or without articular anesthesia. Prospective randomized trial conducted in Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-Unifesp). From March 2008 to ...
Noh Tae Ook - - 2011
It has recently become most general to use the small bore catheter to perform closed thoracostomy in treating iatrogenic pneumothorax. This study was performed for analysis of the efficacy of treatment methods by using small bore catheter such as 7 F (French) central venous catheter, 10 F trocar catheter, 12 ...
Charalampoudis P - - 2011
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is considered the golden standard of treatment for carotid artery disease in selected patients. We studied retrospectively 246 CEAs performed in our centre from 2000-2008, and assessed the complications occurring during the first 30 days postoperatively. Surgical indications included symptomatic carotid stenosis > or = 60% and ...
Patil Harsha V - - 2011
Central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. This study was conducted to determine the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections (CRIs) and to identify the factors influencing it. So far, there are very few studies that have been ...
O'Marra Shana K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism has recently been described as a complication following treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). This pilot study was undertaken to determine whether dogs suffering from ITP experience hypercoagulability during treatment and recovery. STUDY DESIGN: Thromboelastograms (TEG) were performed on dogs with ITP within 24 hours of admission to ...
Alasheev Andrey Marisovich - - 2011
Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) functions both as a neuroprotectant and a stimulator of autologous bone marrow stem cell release. Therefore, administration of G-CSF should improve the outcome of stroke. Here, we examine the safety of using G-CSF to treat acute ischemic stroke using a randomized controlled trial involving 20 adult patients ...
Bleier Benjamin S - - 2011
Treatment of sinonasal disease is predicated on the delivery and retention of the agent at the desired location. Despite multiple distribution studies, there remains a need for a method capable quantifying not only the site and amount of agent deposition but the rate of clearance as well. Five patients underwent ...
Heydarian Farhad - - 2011
Evaluating the effect of zinc sulfate in improving the clinical manifestations of acute bronchiolitis in children younger than 2 years. This was a double blind pilot trial on 50 patients aged 2 to 23 months at Ghaem and Dr. Sheikh Hospitals in Mashhad from January 2008 to March 2009. Patients ...
Topjian Alexis - - 2011
To assess the feasibility, effectiveness, side effects, and adverse events associated with a standardized surface cooling protocol. Induced therapeutic hypothermia after pediatric cardiac arrest is an important intervention. Prospective intervention trial. Urban, tertiary care children's hospital. Twelve pediatric cardiac arrest survivors. Standardized surface cooling protocol. Patients (age: median, 1.5 yrs; ...
Chenaitia Hichem - - 2011
Serious pulmonary and cardiac failure may be treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) when the conventional treatment fails. Improvements in extracorporeal circulation devices have allowed us to set up two specialized mobile units: a mobile cardiac assistance unit (MCAU) and a mobile respiratory assistance unit (MRAU). Their role is to ...
McMullan David Michael - - 2011
Objective: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to support patients with early postcardiotomy heart failure may be associated with catastrophic bleeding, making its use undesirable. However, postcardiotomy mechanical circulatory assistance is necessary in some patients to allow for myocardial recovery. We have assembled a centrifugal pump system (CPS) that ...
Czaja Angela S - - 2011
: To evaluate the performance of the Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 (PIM-2) for pediatric cardiac surgery patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). : Retrospective cohort analysis. : Multi-institutional PICUs. : Children whose PICU admission had an associated cardiac surgical procedure. : None. : Performance of the ...
Tan Tze-Woei - - 2011
The preferred method for revascularization of symptomatic infrapopliteal arterial occlusive disease (IPAD) has traditionally been open vascular bypass. Endovascular techniques have been increasingly applied to treat tibial disease with mixed results. We evaluated the short-term outcome of percutaneous infrapopliteal intervention and compared the different techniques used. A retrospective analysis of ...
Moga Michael-Alice - - 2011
: We evaluated the effect of patient age and significant residual cardiac lesions on the association between hyperglycemia and adverse outcomes in children after cardiac surgery. The incidence, severity, and duration of hyperglycemia in this patient population and perioperative factors predisposing to hyperglycemia were also delineated. : Retrospective, observational cohort ...
Sündermann Simon - - 2011
Cardiosurgical operative risk can be assessed using the logistic European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation (EuroSCORE) and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score. Factors other than medical diagnoses and laboratory values such as the 'biological age' are not included in these scores. The aim of the study was ...
Ikushima Ichiro - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the preventive effect of cilostazol on in-stent restenosis in patients after superficial femoral artery (SFA) stent placement. Of 28 patients with peripheral arterial disease, who had successfully undergone stent implantation, 15 received cilostazol and 13 received ticlopidine. Primary patency rates were retrospectively ...
Stankiewicz James - - 2011
Although multiple clinical trials have demonstrated that balloon dilation of sinus ostia in patients diagnosed with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) results in sustained symptomatic improvement, less data are available to measure the effects of sinusitis on worker productivity. The objective of our research was to analyze work and activity impairment before ...
Hashemilar Mazyar M Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC), Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2011
In patients with acute stroke and middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis, microembolic signals (MES) can predict further cerebral ischemia. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of MES by transcranial Doppler (TCD) in patients with MCA stenosis under treatment of aspirin or clopidogrel. A randomized clinical trial was ...
Andole Sreeman Narayan - - 2011
A 41-year-old patient with schizophrenia was admitted to hospital following episodes of unexplained collapse attacks and on and off episodes of frontal headaches for 3 months. After three such episodes of loss of consciousness in 2 weeks duration and subsequent spontaneous recovery, his evaluation which included MRI scan of head ...
Mildh Leena - - 2011
Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a serious, haemodynamically compromising tachyarrhythmia associated with paediatric cardiac surgery, with a reported mortality up to 14%. The incidence, risk factors and outcome of this tachyarrhythmia were evaluated in this population-based, case-control patient cohort. A total of 1001 children, who underwent open-heart surgery during a ...
Yilmaz Ayse E - - 2011
To analyze the frequency of pleural effusion and the effect on prognosis in children with acute bronchiolitis. A total of 69 infants aged 1-24 months with acute bronchiolitis were studied between September 2009 and December 2010. All patients'age, sex, breastfeeding duration, exposure to smoking, history of using vitamin D, symptoms ...
Andreassen Mikkel - - 2010
Long-term treatment of acromegaly prevents aggravation and reverses associated heart disease. A previous study has shown a temporary increase in serum levels of the N-terminal fraction of pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) suggesting an initial decline in cardiac function when treatment of acromegaly is initiated. This was a three months ...
Fuller Stephanie S Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) as a modifier of neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes in preschool children after cardiac surgery in infancy for repair of congenital heart defects (CHD). This is a planned analysis of infants enrolled in a prospective study of apolipoprotein E ...
Hayward Christopher S - - 2010
Some patients continue to have significant heart failure symptoms despite optimal medical therapy. We describe a first-in-human experience with an implantable non-blood-contacting extra-ascending aortic counterpulsation heart assist system (C-Pulse) in 5 end-stage heart failure patients, aged 54 to 73 years. All patients improved by 1 NYHA class and improvements in ...
Aarønæs Marit - - 2010
Approximately 30% of patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) do not respond. We evaluated response to CRT at six and 12 months, tested a novel response criterion and evaluated different clinical and echocardiographic predictors of response. Eighty one patients were enrolled. A definition of response to CRT was predefined ...
Rossi Vittorio - - 2010
Dynamics of ascocarp development, ascospore maturation, and dispersal in Erysiphe necator were studied over a 4-year period, from the time of ascocarp formation to the end of the ascosporic season at the end of June in the following spring. Naturally dispersed chasmothecia were collected from mid-August to late November (when ...
Vohra Hunaid A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the early and late outcomes of patients undergoing pulmonary embolectomy for acute massive pulmonary embolus. Twenty-one patients (15 male, 6 female) underwent pulmonary embolectomy at our institution between March 2001 and July 2010. The median age was 55 years (range, 24 to ...
Fogh Shannon E - - 2011
The use of induction chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery has been widely used for the treatment of esophageal cancer. The presumed risk of increased postoperative morbidity and mortality with this regimen has led to reluctance to offer this therapy to elderly patients. We compared the perioperative morbidity and mortality of patients ...
Kane Garvan C - - 2011
Current management guidelines for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) recommend a treatment choice based primarily on World Health Organization (WHO) functional class. This study was designed to assess how the incorporation of readily obtained clinical and test-based information may significantly improve the prediction of outcomes over functional class alone. Clinical and ...
Mörtberg Erik - - 2011
To conduct a pilot study to evaluate the blood levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S-100B as prognostic markers for neurological outcome 6 months after hypothermia treatment following resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Prospective observational study. One intensive care unit ...
Sandercock Brett K - - 2011
1. The effects of harvest on the annual and seasonal survival of willow ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus L. were tested in a large-scale harvest experiment. Management units were randomly assigned to one of three experimental treatments: 0%, 15% or 30% harvest. Seasonal quotas were based on the experimental treatment and estimates of ...
Davies Simon J - - 2011
Dopexamine has been shown to reduce both mortality and morbidity in major surgery when it is used as part of a protocol to increase oxygen delivery in the perioperative period. A European multicenter study has examined the use of dopexamine in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, showing a trend toward ...
Kory Pierre - - 2011
The benefits of inducing mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) in cardiac arrest patients are well established. Timing and speed of induction have been related to improved outcomes in several animal trials and one human study. We report the results of an easily implemented, rapid, safe, and low-cost protocol for the induction ...
Ruol Alberto - - 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate whether delayed surgery after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) affects postoperative outcomes in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thoracic esophagus. Esophagectomy is usually recommended within 4 to 6 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant CRT. However, the optimal timing of surgery ...
Lorusso Roberto - - 2010
The aim of this multicentre study was to determine whether the prophylactic use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) translates into better early and long-term results in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. From January 2000 to March 2009, 6121 high-risk patients (EuroSCORE >8), at six different institutions, underwent cardiac surgery. Propensity-score ...
Goguen Laura A - - 2010
To determine the incidence of postchemoradiotherapy (post-CRT) neck dissection (ND) complications; to ascertain whether timing (< 12 vs ≥ 12 weeks) from CRT to ND or other factors are associated with increased complications; and to determine whether ND timing influences disease control or survival. Ten-year retrospective analysis. Tertiary care center. ...
Saidi R F - - 2010
Donation after cardiac death (DCD) has proven effective at increasing the availability of organs for transplantation.We performed a retrospective examination of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) records of all 201 donors from 1/1/98 to the 11/2008, including 54 DCD, 115 DBD and 32 DCD candidates that did not progress to donation ...
Zehetner J - - 2010
Because of changes in life expectancy, there is an increasing number of elderly patients with esophageal cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of esophagectomy for cancer in patients 80 years or older. A retrospective review was performed of the records of all patients who underwent ...
Magder Sheldon - - 2010
To determine whether a starch solution for volume resuscitation in a flow-based protocol improves circulatory status better than a crystalloid solution, as defined by the need for catecholamines in patients the morning after cardiac surgery, and whether this can be performed without increased morbidity. Concealed, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Two ...
Edelson Dana P DP Section of Hospital Medicine and Emergency Resuscitation Center, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2010
Pauses in chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation have been shown to correlate with poor outcomes. In an attempt to minimize these pauses, the American Heart Association recommends charging the defibrillator during chest compressions. While simulation work suggests decreased pause times using this technique, little is known about its use in ...
Socrates T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to investigate the prognostic utility and patient-specific characteristics of ST2 (suppression of tumorigenicity 2), assessed with a novel sensitive assay. BACKGROUND: Suppression of tumorigenicity 2 signalling has been shown to be associated with death in cardiac and pulmonary diseases. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: In an international multicentre cohort ...
Lee Ji Sook - - 2011
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has shown to significantly improve the survival of cardiac-arrest victims. Dispatcher assistance increases the number of bystanders who perform CPR, but the quality of CPR remains unsatisfactory. This study was conducted to assess the effect of video coaching on the performance of CPR by untrained volunteers ...
Garrett John S - - 2011
Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to improve both mortality and neurologic outcomes following pulseless ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Animal data suggest intra-arrest induction of therapeutic hypothermia (IATH) improves frequency of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Our objective was to evaluate the association between IATH and ROSC. This was a retrospective ...
Everitt Melanie D - - 2011
Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) now survive into adulthood and often present with end-stage heart failure (HF). HF management and approach to orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) may differ from adults without CHD. We sought to compare OHT waitlist characteristics and outcomes for these 2 groups. The Organ Procurement and ...
Al-Sarraf Nael - - 2011
We sought to assess the effects of aortic cross-clamp time (XCL) on outcome following cardiac surgery in low- and high-risk patients. This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected departmental data of all patients who underwent cardiac surgery over 8-year period. Our cohort consisted of 3799 consecutive patients subdivided into ...
Shahzad Khurram - - 2011
Graft dysfunction (GD) after heart transplantation (HTx) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The impact of different pathophysiologic mechanisms on outcome is unknown. In this large, single-center study we aimed to assess the incidence of GD and compare the outcomes with different histopathologic mechanisms of rejection. We analyzed ...
Agostinucci Jean Marc - - 2011
The aim of the study was to assess the ease-of-use, safety, and usefulness of an automated external chest compression device for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) were included prospectively. The emergency medical services (EMS) in a large suburb northeast of Paris (France) recorded data for standard criteria ...
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