Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 1995
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Vohra Hunaid A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the early and late outcomes of patients undergoing pulmonary embolectomy for acute massive pulmonary embolus. Twenty-one patients (15 male, 6 female) underwent pulmonary embolectomy at our institution between March 2001 and July 2010. The median age was 55 years (range, 24 to ...
Fuller Stephanie - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) as a modifier of neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes in preschool children after cardiac surgery in infancy for repair of congenital heart defects (CHD). This is a planned analysis of infants enrolled in a prospective study of apolipoprotein E ...
Fogh Shannon E - - 2011
The use of induction chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery has been widely used for the treatment of esophageal cancer. The presumed risk of increased postoperative morbidity and mortality with this regimen has led to reluctance to offer this therapy to elderly patients. We compared the perioperative morbidity and mortality of patients ...
Kane Garvan C - - 2011
Current management guidelines for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) recommend a treatment choice based primarily on World Health Organization (WHO) functional class. This study was designed to assess how the incorporation of readily obtained clinical and test-based information may significantly improve the prediction of outcomes over functional class alone. Clinical and ...
Mörtberg Erik - - 2011
To conduct a pilot study to evaluate the blood levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S-100B as prognostic markers for neurological outcome 6 months after hypothermia treatment following resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Prospective observational study. One intensive care unit ...
Sandercock Brett K - - 2011
1. The effects of harvest on the annual and seasonal survival of willow ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus L. were tested in a large-scale harvest experiment. Management units were randomly assigned to one of three experimental treatments: 0%, 15% or 30% harvest. Seasonal quotas were based on the experimental treatment and estimates of ...
Davies Simon J - - 2011
Dopexamine has been shown to reduce both mortality and morbidity in major surgery when it is used as part of a protocol to increase oxygen delivery in the perioperative period. A European multicenter study has examined the use of dopexamine in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, showing a trend toward ...
Kory Pierre - - 2011
The benefits of inducing mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) in cardiac arrest patients are well established. Timing and speed of induction have been related to improved outcomes in several animal trials and one human study. We report the results of an easily implemented, rapid, safe, and low-cost protocol for the induction ...
Magder Sheldon - - 2010
To determine whether a starch solution for volume resuscitation in a flow-based protocol improves circulatory status better than a crystalloid solution, as defined by the need for catecholamines in patients the morning after cardiac surgery, and whether this can be performed without increased morbidity. Concealed, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Two ...
Zehetner J - - 2010
Because of changes in life expectancy, there is an increasing number of elderly patients with esophageal cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of esophagectomy for cancer in patients 80 years or older. A retrospective review was performed of the records of all patients who underwent ...
Saidi R F - - 2010
Donation after cardiac death (DCD) has proven effective at increasing the availability of organs for transplantation.We performed a retrospective examination of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) records of all 201 donors from 1/1/98 to the 11/2008, including 54 DCD, 115 DBD and 32 DCD candidates that did not progress to donation ...
Ruol Alberto - - 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate whether delayed surgery after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) affects postoperative outcomes in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thoracic esophagus. Esophagectomy is usually recommended within 4 to 6 weeks after completion of neoadjuvant CRT. However, the optimal timing of surgery ...
Socrates T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to investigate the prognostic utility and patient-specific characteristics of ST2 (suppression of tumorigenicity 2), assessed with a novel sensitive assay. BACKGROUND: Suppression of tumorigenicity 2 signalling has been shown to be associated with death in cardiac and pulmonary diseases. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: In an international multicentre cohort ...
Goguen Laura A - - 2010
To determine the incidence of postchemoradiotherapy (post-CRT) neck dissection (ND) complications; to ascertain whether timing (< 12 vs ≥ 12 weeks) from CRT to ND or other factors are associated with increased complications; and to determine whether ND timing influences disease control or survival. Ten-year retrospective analysis. Tertiary care center. ...
Lorusso Roberto - - 2010
The aim of this multicentre study was to determine whether the prophylactic use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) translates into better early and long-term results in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. From January 2000 to March 2009, 6121 high-risk patients (EuroSCORE >8), at six different institutions, underwent cardiac surgery. Propensity-score ...
Edelson Dana P - - 2010
Pauses in chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation have been shown to correlate with poor outcomes. In an attempt to minimize these pauses, the American Heart Association recommends charging the defibrillator during chest compressions. While simulation work suggests decreased pause times using this technique, little is known about its use in ...
Garrett John S - - 2011
Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to improve both mortality and neurologic outcomes following pulseless ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Animal data suggest intra-arrest induction of therapeutic hypothermia (IATH) improves frequency of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Our objective was to evaluate the association between IATH and ROSC. This was a retrospective ...
Lee Ji Sook - - 2011
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has shown to significantly improve the survival of cardiac-arrest victims. Dispatcher assistance increases the number of bystanders who perform CPR, but the quality of CPR remains unsatisfactory. This study was conducted to assess the effect of video coaching on the performance of CPR by untrained volunteers ...
Everitt Melanie D - - 2011
Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) now survive into adulthood and often present with end-stage heart failure (HF). HF management and approach to orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) may differ from adults without CHD. We sought to compare OHT waitlist characteristics and outcomes for these 2 groups. The Organ Procurement and ...
Al-Sarraf Nael - - 2011
We sought to assess the effects of aortic cross-clamp time (XCL) on outcome following cardiac surgery in low- and high-risk patients. This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected departmental data of all patients who underwent cardiac surgery over 8-year period. Our cohort consisted of 3799 consecutive patients subdivided into ...
Shahzad Khurram - - 2011
Graft dysfunction (GD) after heart transplantation (HTx) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The impact of different pathophysiologic mechanisms on outcome is unknown. In this large, single-center study we aimed to assess the incidence of GD and compare the outcomes with different histopathologic mechanisms of rejection. We analyzed ...
Agostinucci Jean Marc - - 2011
The aim of the study was to assess the ease-of-use, safety, and usefulness of an automated external chest compression device for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) were included prospectively. The emergency medical services (EMS) in a large suburb northeast of Paris (France) recorded data for standard criteria ...
Gertz M A - - 2011
The role of auto-SCT in the management of Ig light-chain (AL) amyloidosis remains undefined. In this study, we report 422 patients who received auto-SCT for AL amyloidosis to compare outcomes of patients treated before January 2006 with those treated from January 2006 to 1 December 2009. Day 100 all-cause mortality ...
Hämmäinen Pekka - - 2011
This retrospective study investigated early outcome in patients with end-stage pulmonary disease bridged with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with the intention of lung transplantation (LTx) in 2 Scandinavian transplant centers. ECMO was used as a bridge to LTx in 16 patients between 2005 and 2009 at Sahlgrenska and Helsinki University ...
Schaer Beat A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between improved ejection fraction (EF) and occurrence of arrhythmias in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy devices with defibrillator function (CRT-D). The hypothesis was that patients who experienced a marked improvement in EF also had fewer appropriate defibrillator interventions. We analysed ...
De Ruvo Ermenegildo - - 2011
Background:  A relative high rate of clinical and device-related adverse events (AE) is generally reported in patients with implantable defibrillators for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT-D). Aim of this study was to compare a daily remote monitoring (RM) to a standard program of in-office visits. Methods and Results:  We retrospectively analyzed ...
Karavidas Apostolos - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Patients with HF exhibit a high prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). We have investigated the long-term impact of positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy on heart function and clinical outcomes in patients with advanced ...
Sholomov I I - - 2010
A total of 116 patients with ischemic stroke were studied during the early recovery period. The patients were divided into four groups - three experimental groups and one control group. Of these, 87 patients in the first three groups received transcranial magneto- and/or color and rhythm therapy (TcMT, CRT) along ...
Sánchez-Lázaro I J - - 2010
The shortage of donor organs has prompted increased acceptance of hearts from donors with more comorbidities. With increasing frequency, hearts are being offered from patients who have undergone a resuscitated cardiac arrest (RCA). Our aim was to compare the rate of complications in the postoperative and follow-up periods, depending on ...
Hirashiki Akihiro - - 2010
1. To date, few prognostic indicators for ambulatory patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) have been identified. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the occurrence of dobutamine-induced mechanical alternans (MA) and prognosis in ambulatory patients with IDCM. 2. Left ventricular pressure was measured during ...
Kuhl T - - 2010
HISTORY: Small bowel resection had to be performed because of an acute ileus in a 16-year old girl with mucoviscidosis. Severe respiratory insufficiency developed and she was transferred to the intensive care unit. INVESTIGATIONS: The clinical signs of a severe ARDS were demonstrated: Horowitz index < 200, pO (2) 57 mm Hg, FiO (2) ...
Ishikawa Susumu - - 2010
The efficacy of combination treatment of original cold crystalloid cardioplegia (SHA solution; St. Thomas + Histidine + ATP + oxygen) and additional blood cardioplegia was studied in patients who required cardiac arrest time of 120 minutes or longer. One hundred and thirty-six patients were included in this study. Patients were ...
Gómez Moreno S - - 2010
Graft vascular disease (GVD) is a form of accelerated atherosclerosis that involves the transplanted heart, affecting more than 40% of patients after follow-up of 5 years. According to some authors, adiponectin concentration is a prognostic factor for progression of coronary atherosclerosis. Following this line of research, the objective of the ...
Komoda Takeshi - - 2011
Smaller body size is one of the characteristics of female patients. We analyzed whether lower body surface area (BSA) of adult patients affects their prognosis after listing for heart transplantation (HTx). Adult candidates (≥ 18 and <65 years) for de novo HTx in our center, who were newly listed as ...
Claesson Andreas - - 2011
To describe time delay during surf rescue and compare the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before and after exertion in surf lifeguards. A total of 40 surf lifeguards at the Tylösand Surf Lifesaving Club in Sweden (65% men; age, 19-43 years) performed single-rescuer CPR for 10 minutes on a Laerdal ...
Miranda Lucas Bernardes LB Department of Neurosurgery, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2011
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is perceived to be a "benign," easily treated condition in the elderly, but reported follow-up periods are brief, usually limited to acute hospitalization. The authors conducted a retrospective review of data obtained in a prospectively identified consecutive series of adult patients admitted to their institution between ...
Naidoo Reené - - 2011
The epidemiology of primary immunodeficiencies (PID) is not well documented in Africa. The objective of this study was to describe the spectrum of PID at a tertiary paediatric centre in South Africa. A retrospective study was conducted on 168 patients diagnosed with PID from 1983 to 2009. Over the study ...
Roediger Regine - - 2011
The aim of this study was to validate the revised SenTec V-Sign 2 sensor (SenTec AG, Therwil, Switzerland) for combined noninvasive continuous assessment of pulse rate, pulse oximetry (SpO(2)), and transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (PtcCO(2)) in adults after cardiac surgery. A prospective clinical study. A single-center university hospital. Twenty adult ...
Chong Carol P - - 2010
After emergency orthopedic-geriatric surgery, cardiac complications are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The utility of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) for the prediction of cardiac complications and mortality was evaluated. NT-pro-BNP was tested pre- and postoperatively in 89 patients >60 years of age. They were followed for 2 ...
Vida Vladimiro L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital heart disease. To evaluate the surgical results, we embarked on the European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association (ECHSA) multicentric study. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 1997 to December 2007, we collected data on 68 patients who underwent surgery for scimitar syndrome. Primary outcomes included ...
Zekry Dina - - 2010
Older patients often suffer from multiple co-morbid conditions. Few co-morbidity indices are valid and reliable in elderly patients and comparison between them is rare. Our objective was to compare the performance, relevance, and abilities of six widely used and validated co-morbidity indices--the Charlson Cumulative Illness Rating Scale-Geriatrics (CIRS), Index of ...
Lee K Jane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine alterations in end-of-life support in a multiinstitutional sample of PICUs. METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive study. Variables collected included end-of-life support category, race, length of stay, operative status, reason for admission, and Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 score, as well as the number ...
Hamdan Mohamed A - - 2010
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) affects most infants with Pompe disease (PD), and may serve as a marker for its antenatal diagnosis (ANDx) by fetal echocardiography (FE). Fetuses diagnosed with HCM between 2006 and 2009 were included in this study. HCM, defined as Z-score of mean left ventricular wall thickness (LVWT) and/or ...
Ong Marcus Eng Hock - - 2010
This study aimed to determine if a deployment strategy based on geospatial-time analysis is able to reduce ambulance response times for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OOHCA) in an urban emergency medical services (EMS) system. An observational prospective study examining geographic locations of all OOHCA in Singapore was conducted. Locations of cardiac ...
van Kuijk Jan-Peter - - 2010
Major vascular surgery patients are at high risk for developing asymptomatic perioperative myocardial ischemia reflected by a postoperative troponin release without the presence of chest pain or electrocardiographic abnormalities. Long-term prognosis is severely compromised and characterized by an increased risk of long-term mortality and cardiovascular events. Current guidelines on perioperative ...
Pavek Todd J - - 2010
Environmental conditions may influence experimental outcomes in laboratory animals. In this study, we measured the effects of a vortex air-filtration device (AFD) on growth rate, morbidity, mortality, behavior, and gross pathology in P2a Leghorn chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) raised from hatchlings to 6 wk of age. Growth rate was reduced ...
Gondos Tibor - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To examine the kinetics of volume loading with crystalloid and colloid infusions in critically ill patients after major surgery, using the pulse contour cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring technique. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, multicentre study of 11 ICUs involved 200 mixed postoperative hypovolaemic patients (50 patients per group) ...
Özo─čul Yusuf Bayram - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate the impact of age on short-term surgical outcomes and to investigate the risk factors for postoperative mortality in 660 Turkish colorectal cancer patients. Between January 2002 and January 2007, 660 consecutive patients who were operated for colorectal cancer at our institution were enrolled in this study. ...
Dhandayuthapani Giridhar - - 2010
To outline the etiology, clinical course, short-term survival to discharge and neurological outcome of infants (<1 yr) with new cardiac diagnoses presenting to a pediatric intensive care (PICU) unit with acute cardiac compromise. Retrospective search of a computerized database and medical case notes for all acute cardiac admissions to PICU ...
Frank John J - - 2010
To retrospectively study demographic, clinical and hospital outcomes in patients who developed RPH following cardiac catheterization. Charts of patients with RPH from cardiac catheterization, between January 1, 2000 and July 30, 2005 were reviewed and compared with two control groups (Grp-I, 90 patients with local groin complications and Grp-II, 98 ...
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