Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2085
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Decourcelle Vincent - - 2013
Background Management of acute coronary syndromes in elderly patients is poorly defined. Objective To assess the impact of functional decline on all-cause mortality in elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes. Method Clinical data, including the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events score and assessment of functional status obtained by using ...
Kao Hsu-Ching - - 2013
. To determine early predictors of outcomes of adult patients with severe acute respiratory failure. . 100 consecutive adult patients with severe acute respiratory failure were evaluated in this retrospective study. Data including comorbidities, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, Acute Physiological Assessment and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) ...
Abubakar Sani - - 2013
Over 80% of stroke deaths occur in low-income and middle-income regions of the world. Identification of predictors of mortality is vital so that prompt therapeutic measures could be instituted to improve outcome. Previous studies have identified factors such as stroke severity, stroke type, older age, impairment of consciousness and hyperglycaemia ...
Balti Eric Vounsia - - 2013
Determinants of post-acute stroke outcomes in Africa have been less investigated. We assessed the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance with post-stroke mortality in patients with first-ever-in-lifetime stroke in the capital city of Cameroon (sub-Saharan Africa). Patients with an acute first-stroke event (nā€Š=ā€Š57) were recruited between May and ...
Kawano Noriaki - - 2013
Objective Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by the proliferation of blasts with distinct morphology and promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARA) transcripts. Although the treatment outcome is dramatically improved by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), life-threatening bleeding from enhanced fibrinolytic-type disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) remains a serious clinical problem, and ...
Pereira Olga - - 2013
Acute oesophageal necrosis, also known as 'Black Oesophagus', is a rare endoscopic finding since its first description by Goldenberg in 1990. In endoscopic studies, the frequency ranged from 0.01% to 0.2%. The aetiology is undefined and is probably multifactorial. A 62-year-old woman, with chronic alcoholism, was admitted to the internal ...
Mozayan Arash - - 2013
To report five cases of iritis after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. The clinical charts of patients who received intravitreal injections of bevacizumab or ranibizumab from January 2009 to September 2011 by one physician were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 1,097 injections of bevacizumab and 571 of ranibizumab were administered. Five ...
Lachiewicz Paul F - - 2013
Exchange of the tibial liner in revision knee arthroplasty for wear and other indications is controversial. The purpose of the study was to determine the clinical success and reoperation rate for liner exchange performed for four groups of patients. Thirty-nine revisions were identified in which modular liner exchange was performed: ...
Basher A - - 2013
Background. Acute organophosphorus (OP) poisoning is relatively common and a major cause of death from poisoning in developing countries. Magnesium has been shown to be of benefit in animal models. Methods. We conducted a phase II study of bolus doses of (MgSO4) in 50 patients with acute organophosphate poisoning. Patients ...
Orr Justin D - - 2013
The purpose of this article is to report short-term outcomes and return to duty rates in a cohort of active duty U.S. military personnel who underwent repair of acute Achilles tendon ruptures using the Achillon mini-open technique. Between October 2009 and March 2012, 15 consecutive patients underwent mini-open repair of ...
Chen Shao-Liang - - 2013
Stent grafting for treatment of type B aortic dissection has been extensively used. However, the difference in the long-term clinical outcome between patients with chronic versus acute type B aortic dissection remains unknown. This study aimed to analyze the difference in long-term clinical outcome after endovascular repair for patients with ...
Niv Galia - - 2013
Constipation is a common complaint, frequently treated with cleansing enema. Enemas can be very effective but may cause serious adverse events, such as perforation or metabolic derangement. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of the use of cleansing enema for acute constipation and to assess adverse events within 30 ...
Parkinson Fran - - 2013
A 62-year-old man with no major comorbidities became acutely hyponatraemic on the second postoperative day following a routine carotid endarterectomy. He developed a headache, became hypertensive and confused, and then had a seizure and required intubation and admission to the intensive care unit. A CT angiogram of his head and ...
Yu Weiyan - - 2013
Spontaneous acute exacerbation (AE) of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is often detrimental but sometimes leads to sustained immune control and disease remission. The efficacy and safety of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) in patients with spontaneous AE of CHB remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of NAs in patients ...
Syazarina Sharis Osman - - 2013
Acute urinary retention (AUR) is one of the most serious complications of benign prostatic hypertrophy. This study was done to predict the outcome of trial of voiding without catheter (TWOC) in patients with AUR with intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP) detected on transabdominal ultrasound. Other factors such as prostatic volume and ...
Bharath R - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess and compare the response to two forms of treatment-immobilization with zoledronic acid injection and immobilization with oral weekly Alendronate, in patients with diabetes mellitus and acute Charcot arthropathy (CA) of foot in terms of clinical and radiological parameters. Patients attending the endocrinology ...
Zhang R - - 2013
Endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) using a plastic stent is suggested to be as effective as endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) with a nasobiliary catheter for temporary biliary drainage in acute obstructive cholangitis. However, there are few studies that have compared the two methods. We therefore compared the safety and effectiveness ...
Ndounga Mathieu - - 2013
Congo-Brazzaville adopted artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in 2006. Artesunate-amodiaquine (AS + AQ) and artemether-lumefantrine are the first-line and second-line anti-malarial drugs to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, respectively. The baseline efficacy of AS + AQ was evaluated from February to August 2005 in patients living in Brazzaville, the capital city of the Republic of ...
Baumbach Sebastian Felix - - 2013
Ankle sprains often result in ankle instability, which is most likely caused by damage to passive structures and neuromuscular impairment. Whole body vibration (WBV) is a neuromuscular training method improving those impaired neurologic parameters. The aim of this study is to compare the current gold standard functional treatment to functional ...
Yoon Ho Ii - - 2013
Antibiotic treatment is one of the major pharmacologic treatments for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, the choice of antibiotic depends on the local resistance pattern. A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was done in patients with AECOPD to compare the efficacy of levofloxacin with that of cefuroxime ...
Schilte Clémentine - - 2013
Arthritogenic alphaviruses, including Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), are responsible for acute fever and arthralgia, but can also lead to chronic symptoms. In 2006, a Chikungunya outbreak occurred in La Réunion Island, during which we constituted a prospective cohort of viremic patients (nā€Š=ā€Š180) and defined the clinical and biological features of acute ...
Yamasaki Yasushi - - 2013
We monitored the management of acute cholecystitis in a rural area of Japan to determine the effectiveness of new guidelines for the management of acute cholecystitis and cholangitis. Between January 2000 and September 2011, 366 patients were treated for acute cholecystitis. Of these, 59 had common bile duct stones (CBDS) ...
Ogawa Keiko - - 2013
In traditional Japanese herbal (Kampo) medicine, daiobotanpito (DBT) or Da Huang Mu Dan Tang in Chinese has been used in medical treatment of acute diverticulitis for many years based on the experience. Our aim was to investigate whether the treatment of acute diverticulitis can be treated with intravenous antibiotics plus ...
Jansen Olav - - 2013
Background: Fast recanalization has been shown to be one of the most important factors for good clinical outcome in stroke patients with acute large vessel occlusion. While intravenous thrombolysis has been shown to be of limited effect in patients with large clot burden, intra-arterial neurothrombectomy offers a new and promising ...
Schurr U P - - 2013
The short-term results of subclavian artery cannulation (SC) for acute type-A dissection repair have been reported to be superior in regard to mortality and neurological outcomes when compared to femoral cannulation (FC). This study evaluates the long-term results of subclavian artery cannulation versus femoral cannulation for repair of acute type-A ...
Neuberger Manfred - - 2013
Daily pollution data (collected in Graz over 16 years and in the Linz over 18 years) were used for time series studies (GAM and case-crossover) on the relationship with daily mortality (overall and specific causes of death). Diagnoses of patients who had been transported to hospitals in Linz were also ...
Best Martin M Department of Respiratory Medicine, High Wycombe Hospital, Buckinghamshire, - - 2013
A 75-year-old woman presented 9 days post-total hip replacement with sudden onset of shortness of breath and fever. She had been discharged taking dabigatran. The patient was treated for sepsis with antibiotics and fluids. However, she deteriorated and was transferred to the intensive care unit. Following a 10 s asystolic ...
van der Walt Anneke A Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia ; Department of Neurology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia ; Department of Neuro-ophthalmology, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia ; Melbourne Brain Centre at Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
Early markers of axonal and clinical outcomes are required for early phase testing of putative neuroprotective therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS). To assess whether early measurement of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters (axial and radial diffusivity) within the optic nerve during and after acute demyelinating optic neuritis (ON) could predict ...
Chindaprasirt Jarin J Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, 123 Mitraparp Road, Khon Kaen 40002, - - 2013
The standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke is thrombolytic therapy. There is limited data on prognostic factors of acute stroke with thrombolytic therapy particularly in Asian population. Acute ischemic stroke patients who were treated with thrombolytic therapy at Srinagarind Hospital between May 2008 and July 2010 were included. Factors associated ...
Jull Andrew B AB School ofNursing,University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2013
Honey is a viscous, supersaturated sugar solution derived from nectar gathered and modified by the honeybee, Apis mellifera. Honey has been used since ancient times as a remedy in wound care. Evidence from animal studies and some trials has suggested that honey may accelerate wound healing. The objective was to ...
Tutanc Oznur Donmez OD Department of Radiation Oncology, Antakya State Hospital, Antakya, - - 2013
This study explores the efficacy of oral glutamine in the prevention of acute radiotherapy-induced esophagitis in patients with lung cancer who are treated with thoracic radiotherapy. This study was planned as a retrospective randomized experimental study. Forty-six patients with lung cancer, who were treated and kept under control between January ...
Mangiafico Salvatore - - 2013
The imaging of ischemic penumbra in acute stroke is a debated issue and establishing commonly accepted criteria is difficult. Computerized tomography-perfusion studies conducted in animals have showed that the modifications occurring in the brain parenchima are part of a dynamic and progressive process involving the microcirculation. The purpose of this ...
Alavi Nejad Pezhman P Research Institute for Infectious Diseases of the Digestive System, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran ; Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, - - 2013
Acute pancreatitis is the most common serious complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) that can occasionally be fatal. Multiple drugs have been examined for the prevention of this side effect, with generally uncertain results. This study is an effort to prevent this complication by the use of oral N-acetyl cysteine ...
Sporek Mateusz M Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) as a new predictor of severity in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) at early phase of disease. The studied group involved 40 patients (16 women and 24 men) with AP admitted to Ist Dept. ...
Petrov Maxim S - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nasojejunal tube feeding is a standard of care in patients with predicted severe acute pancreatitis (AP) and several recent trials suggested that nasogastric tube feeding (NGT) is as safe and efficient as nasojejunal tube feeding in these patients. The aim was to investigate whether NGT presents any ...
Lo Gin-Ho - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic therapy combined with vasoconstrictor was generally recommended to treat acute variceal bleeding. However, up to 30% of patients may still encounter treatment failure. OBJECTIVES: This trial was to evaluate the efficacy of combination with endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) infusion in patients with acute ...
Sohn Tae Joon - - 2013
Diverticulitis of vermiform appendix is known as a rare cause of acute appendicitis, most of which are diagnosed after surgery. We compared appendiceal diverticulitis with acute appendicitis to study the clinical characteristics of appendiceal diverticulitis. Among 1,029 patients who received appendectomy from January 2009 to May 2011, 38 patients with ...
Lee Sang-Bok - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and safety of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis in the early stage after an acute ischemic event and the improvement of present symptoms in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic occlusive disease with stroke/stroke in progress. METHODS: From 2006 to 2010, 20 patients (15 males ...
Roselli Eric E - - 2013
The study objective was to describe a novel technique and assess the safety and feasibility of this initial experience for performing a modified frozen elephant trunk extended repair of acute dissection. From June 2009 to February 2012, 17 patients with DeBakey type I acute aortic dissections underwent emergency surgery using ...
Peyrol Michaël - - 2012
PURPOSE: The 9-French 8-mm tip cryoablation catheter confers a high rate of acute slow pathway (SP) elimination and an acceptable short-term outcome in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome of patients treated with this electrode in this indication. ...
Sutanto Inge I Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, - - 2013
Radical cure of Plasmodium vivax infection applies blood schizontocidal therapy against the acute attack and hypnozoitocidal therapy against later relapse. Chloroquine and primaquine have been used for 60 years in this manner. Resistance to chloroquine by the parasite now requires partnering other blood schizontocides with primaquine. However, the safety and ...
Lichtenberg Michael - - 2012
Acute and subacute ischemia of the legs in acute and subacute femoropopliteal bypass occlusion is a dramatic situation that endangers the survival of the limbs, depending on the severity of the ischemia. Different therapy options like percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy procedures, which include rotational thrombectomy, have become available in recent years ...
Kim Moosang - - 2012
Background/Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of intravitreal ranibizumab injection (IVRI) for acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods: Patients with symptomatic CSC of less than 3 months were prospectively recruited. Patients (n = 20/group) were randomly assigned to IVRI (0.5 mg/0.05 ml) or observation and followed for 6 months. logMAR best-corrected ...
Lanterna Luigi A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hypopituitarism represents a common long-term complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The incidence of hypocortisolism may be higher during the acute phase of SAH. Although hypocortisolism may be harmful in critically ill SAH patients, data are still lacking. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of ...
Waksman Ron - - 2012
We aimed to determine the optimal adjunctive anticoagulation regimen for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) initially treated with fondaparinux. The optimal adjunctive anticoagulation regimen for PCI in these patients is unclear. In this open-label, prospective, randomized, multicenter pilot study, we compared treatment with ...
Kanat Ayhan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Acute hydrocephalus (ventricular enlargement within 72 hours) is a relatively common complication in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. The cerebrospinal fluid secretion may be increased at the early phases of SAH, but it has not been proved definitely. We studied the histologic feature of choroid plexuses at the early ...
Chaireti Roza - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is considered a chronic disease, since a high percentage of patients experience recurrences. Oral anticoagulants are effective in preventing recurrences at a price of potential bleeding complications, which underlines the importance of finding reliable markers for estimating the individual recurrence risk. In this report we evaluate ...
Liao Xiao-Ling - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS) III showed that intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) administered in the 3 to 4.5 h after symptom onset significantly improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). But little is known regarding the safety and efficacy of intravenous ...
Rossetti Andrea - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lower gastrointestinal bleeding represents 20 % of all gastrointestinal bleedings. Interventional radiology has transformed the treatment of this pathology, but the long-term outcome after selective embolization has been poorly evaluated. The aim of this study is thus to evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes after selective embolization for colonic bleeding. ...
Haldar Shouvik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Contact force (CF) sensing technology allows real time CF measurement during catheter ablation. We hypothesised that the use of CF technology during pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) would translate into lower acute pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: Symptomatic AF patients were treated in ...
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