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Kautzner Jakub J Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech - - 2014
The incidence of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is highest in female patients; however, it is not apparent whether graft choice affects clinical results. The aim of this prospective randomised study was to evaluate clinical results of an ACL reconstruction using patellar tendon [bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB)] or hamstring graft ...
Mokánszki Attila A Department of Laboratory Medicine - - 2014
Abstract Although intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is now a widely-used technique, it is still of interest to improve our knowledge as to which is the best spermatozoon to be selected for ICSI. Infertile men have increased risks of producing aneuploid spermatozoa. Using hyaluronic acid (HA)-binding sperm selection may reduce the ...
Merriman Jarrad A JA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco Orthopaedic Residency Program, St. Mary's Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Despite increased concern for injury during surgical reconstruction of the sternoclavicular joint, to our knowledge there are few studies detailing the vascular relationships adjacent to the joint. We investigated sex differences in the following relationships for sternoclavicular joint reconstruction: (1) safe distance from the posterior surface of the medial clavicle's ...
Gümüş Nazim N From the Departments of *Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery and †Histology and Embriyology, Cumhuriyet University Medical Faculty, Sivas, - - 2014
Partial-thickness wound models of rat skin have some difficulties in creating the wounds in equal size and depth. Moreover, making a split-thickness wound on the rat skin seems not to be simple and rapid. A new alternative method was presented here to overcome these obstacles, by using a waterjet device ...
Sponsel William E WE *UTSA Department of Biomedical Engineering, San Antonio, TX †University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN ‡Glaucoma Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to clinically evaluate a new form of glaucoma tube shunt drainage system. Tube shunts play an important role in management of advanced glaucoma, but eventually many blebs may become encapsulated and impervious to aqueous humor. This pilot study analyzed clinical efficacy of retrobulbar diversion ...
Amano Takafumi T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya - - - 2014
Various types of periacetabular osteotomies have been proposed to treat acetabular dysplasia for young and active patients. Acetabular dysplasia is prevalent in women and rare in men, therefore few reports exist concerning periacetabular osteotomy of male patients. The purpose of this study is to clarify the gender differences in surgical ...
Jura Ying H YH Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Urodynamics is indicated for the evaluation of postprostatectomy incontinence unless an artificial urinary sphincter placement is the preferred option, as in cases of severe incontinence, prior radiation, or previous male sling or artificial urinary sphincter placement-when male sling is unlikely to achieve efficacy. Urodynamics should be performed only when there ...
Kim Kyoung-Tae KT *Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea †Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Although numerous studies have reported on recurrent lumbar disc herniation (rLDH), few have reported on recurrence of L5-S1 level. We investigated whether the preoperative risk factors, such as disc degeneration, disc height, sagittal range of motion (sROM), width of L5 vertebral transverse process, and iliac crest height, have any effect ...
Azadi Oskouyi E E Department of Anatomy, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, - - 2014
The effect of mobile phone radiation on human reproduction system is still a matter of debate. In this study, 18 male rabbits were randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group. Experimental groups received simulated microwaves with the frequency of 950 MHz and the output power of 3 and ...
Li Shengli S Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Pediatric Cardiac Center, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Fuwai Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
This study examined early postoperative results to identify perioperative factors that are associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients undergoing corrective surgery. We retrospectively examined the role of perioperative variables in determining the period of mechanical ventilatory support in TOF patients undergoing corrective surgery. A ...
Liu Hao-Chuan - - 2014
BackgroundIn Taiwan, DNA-based newborn screening showed a surprisingly high incidence (1/875 in males and 1/399 in females) of a cardiac Fabry mutation (IVS4¿+¿919G¿>¿A). However, the natural course, long-term treatment outcomes and suitable biomarkers for monitoring the therapeutic outcomes of these patients are largely unknown.MethodsFabry disease (FD) patients who had received ...
Migita Kiyoshi - - 2014
Real-world evidence of the effectiveness of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is limited. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness and safety of thromboprophylactic regimens in Japanese patients undergoing joint replacement in a real-world setting. Overall, 1,294 patients (1073 females and 221 males) who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA), ...
Kaya Mehmet Gungor MG Department of Cardiology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, - - 2014
Aims: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the new Cera septal occluder (CSO) for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure as compared to the AMPLATZER Septal Occluder (ASO). Methods and results: A total of 405 ASD patients receiving CSO or ASO were studied. The ASDs were classified into simple defects ...
Subramanian Arun - - 2014
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study.Objectives. This study compares time to extubation between major spine surgery patients anesthetized with fentanyl versus sufentanil infusions in combination with propofol.Summary of Background Data. In patients undergoing spinal fusion with intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring of the spinal cord, total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with a propofol/opioid combination ...
Del Villar Madrigal Eduardo E Center for Nutrition, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders, The American British Cowdray Medical Center, Sur 136 # 126 Col. Las Américas. Del Alvaro Obregón, 01120, Mexico City, DF, - - 2014
Anemia after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been reported in 5 to 64 % of patients. Since absorption of specific elements is reduced, proper supplementation is mandatory. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of anemia, its causes, and the related deficiencies during the 1st postoperative year after ...
Saragaglia Dominique D Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sport Traumatology, Grenoble South Teaching Hospital, 38130, Échirolles, France, - - 2014
The aim of this article was to evaluate the resumption of physical activity and sports after valgus osteotomy for medial femorotibial osteoarthritis. This series is composed of 83 patients, with 27 females and 56 males. The mean age was 50.4 ± 9.53 years (32-67) at the time of operation. Before the ...
Ran Bo B Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Background Anterior thoracoscopic release combined with posterior correction is a common surgery to treat idiopathic scoliosis (IS). However, whether it has detrimental effects on pulmonary function is still unknown. Aim The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of anterior thoracoscopic release combined with posterior correction on the pulmonary function. ...
Alavi Mehrosadat M aIonizing and Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection Research Center, Paramedical Sciences School bDiagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
In recent years, a wide variety of research has been carried out in the field of novel technologies to stop severe bleeding. In several studies, coagulation properties of minerals such as zeolite, bentonite and halloysite have been proven. In this study, the effect of a new impregnated sterile gauze containing ...
Ehsan Afeefa A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry (AFID), - - 2014
Objective: To determine the effects of pre-operative submucosal dexamethasone injection on postoperative swelling and trismus following surgical extraction of mandibular third molar. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry (AFID), Rawalpindi, from October 2009 to March ...
Tozzi Matteo M Vascular Surgery, Center For Research on Organ Transplantation, Circolo University Teaching Hospital, University of Insubria School of Medicine, Varese - - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to report the short-term results of the Gore® Acuseal graft for prosthetic vascular access (pVA) in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. Between October 2011 and October 2013, all the consecutive patients who underwent implantation of a new expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) tri-layer graft ...
Chen Yuanzheng Y Department of Burns Surgery, Linyi People's Hospital, Linyi, Shandong 276000, - - 2014
To find out if adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), alone or combined, had any effect on the repair of maxillofacial soft tissue defects in irradiated minipigs, ASC were isolated, characterised, and expanded. Twenty female minipigs, the right parotid glands of which had been irradiated, were randomly divided ...
Hsu Ching-Sheng CS Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, - - 2014
Insulin resistance (IR) affects sustained virological response (SVR) to peginterferon alfa plus ribavirin (PR) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Whether add-on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) to PR improve SVR remains unclear; therefore, we conducted a prospective, randomized pilot trial on 23 consecutive patients with genotype 1 CHC and ...
Cheng Tao T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery , Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's - - 2014
Background and purpose- There is no consensus regarding the clinical relevance of gender-specific prostheses in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We summarize the current best evidence in a comparison of clinical and radiographic outcomes between gender-specific prostheses and standard unisex prostheses in female patients. Methods- We used the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, ...
Siracuse Jeffrey J JJ Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
The prevalence of significant comorbidities among patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has contributed to widespread enthusiasm for endovascular AAA repair (EVAR). However, the advantages of EVAR in patients at low risk for open surgical repair (OSR) remain unclear. The objective of this study was to assess perioperative outcomes of ...
Jain Ashish K AK Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Race and gender have individually been associated with affecting outcomes in vascular interventions. We hypothesized that race and gender stratification would identify variations in outcomes of lower extremity bypass (LEB) procedures. LEB procedures were identified using Current Procedural Terminology (American Medical Association, Chicago, Ill) codes from the 2011 American College ...
Liu Shao-Cheng SC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
We studied the anatomic relationship between the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and the third tracheal ring, which was very important for rapid identification of RLN in our hands. This study was initially performed using 8 fresh cadavers (4 female and 4 male). The transverse nerve location from the third trachea ...
McManus A A Private Practice, Shrewsbury, MA, - - 2014
To examine the expression of bone sialoprotein (BSP) and apoptosis in an in vivo orthodontic relapse model. Male mice (10-12 weeks old), either transgenic [green fluorescent protein (GFP) driven by the BSP promoter] or wild type, were used in this study. To achieve orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), maxillary right first molars ...
Odat Thabit A TA Oculoplastic and Orbital Surgery Division, Ophthalmology Department, King Hussein Medical Centre, Royal Medical Services of Jordan, Amman, Jordan, - - 2014
To describe lagophthalmos and eyelid closure abnormality after external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). A retrospective review of medical records and postoperative photographs of 79 patients who underwent external DCR for nasolacrimal duct obstruction and developed eyelid closure abnormality and lagophthalmos with or without exposure keratopathy was conducted. Collected data included age, sex, ...
Park Jung-Hoon JH Departments of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap 2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the inflammatory reaction and perform quantitative analysis of biodegradation after placement of a polydioxanone (PDO) biodegradable stent in a canine urethral model. PDO biodegradable stents were placed in the proximal and distal urethra of nine male mongrel dogs. The dogs were euthanized 4 weeks (group A; n = ...
Vollmann Dirk D Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany, - - 2014
Remote magnetic navigation (RMN) is utilized for catheter guidance during pulmonary vein ablation (PVA). We aimed to determine whether the additional use of a circular mapping catheter (CMC) influences efficacy and outcome of RMN-guided PVA. A total of 80 consecutive subjects (65 % male, age 62 ± 9 years) underwent circumferential PVA with a ...
Peinado A B AB Departamento de Salud y Rendimiento Humano, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
During postexercise recovery, heart rate (HR) initially falls rapidly, followed by a period of slower decrease, until resting values are reached. The aim of the present work was to examine the differences in the recovery heart rate (RHR) between athletes engaged in static and dynamic sports. The study subjects were ...
Lönnstedt Oona M OM ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia - - 2014
Despite considerable study, mystery surrounds the use of signals that initiate cooperative hunting in animals. Using a labyrinth test chamber, we examined whether a lionfish, Dendrochirus zebra, would initiate cooperative hunts with piscine partners. We found that D. zebra uses a stereotyped flared fin display to alert conspecific and heterospecific ...
Sommanus Sirasuda S Division of Allergy/Immunology/Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
To study changes in immunological responses in patients with CMPA during symptomatic and asymptomatic episodes of cow's milk protein tolerance status. 27 CMPA patients were enrolled and underwent diagnostic evaluation, including CM challenge test, skin prick test and specific IgE to CM. Blood samples were collected in two periods from ...
Hidalgo-Grau Lluis A LA Unit of Colorectal Surgery, General And Digestive Surgery Dept, Hospital de Mataró, Mataró, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of stapled anopexy (SA) in patients with chronic bleeding haemorrhoids and secondary anaemia. Our department performed 340 SA procedures for haemorrhoids between January 1999 and December 2011. Fifty (14.7%) of these patients (25 males;25 females) had anaemia (< 13 g/dl ...
Scott David F DF Spokane Joint Replacement Center/Orthopaedic Speciality Clinic of Spokane, Spokane, - - 2014
We compared 56 patients who received a PS post/cam tibial insert and 55 patients who received a more congruent anterior-lipped tibial insert. We hypothesized that clinical outcomes would be equivalent and that tourniquet time and intraoperative blood loss would differ. The mean follow-up is 45months (30-57months). Clinical and radiographic outcomes ...
Akagi Ryuichiro R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana Chuo-ku, Chiba, Chiba, 260-8670, - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of MMP-13 gene knock down on cartilage degradation by injecting small interfering RNA (siRNA) into knee joints in a mouse model of osteoarthritis (OA). OA was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by destabilization of medial meniscus (DMM) surgery. Change of Mmp13 expression over time was ...
Yucel Oguz O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Suleymaniye Maternity and Children's Teaching and Research Hospital , Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: To compare the effect of the GnRH antagonist/letrozole/gonadotropin protocol with the microdose GnRH agonist flare-up protocol in poor ovarian responders for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Materials and methods: One hundred twenty-one consecutive patients suspected of having or with a history of poor ovarian response between January 2009 and June ...
Fu Jun J 1Department of Orthopaedics, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital (301 Hospital), Beijing, PR - - 2014
Study Design. A prospective clinical study.Objective. To observe postoperative change in pulmonary function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) kyphosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO).Summary of Background Data. The preoperative pulmonary dysfunction in AS patients has been reported in several literatures, while few research about postoperative changes in pulmonary function ...
Haga Takahiro T Pneumothorax Research Center and Division of Thoracic Surgery, Nissan Tamagawa Hospital, 4-8-1 Seta, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 158-0095, - - 2014
Thoracic endometriosis-related pneumothorax (TERP) is a secondary condition specific for females, but in a clinical setting, TERP often is difficult to distinguish from primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) based on a relationship between the dates of pneumothorax and menstruation. The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical features of ...
Lehmann Lars J LJ Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery Centre, University Medical Centre Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68187, Mannheim, Germany, - - 2014
This randomized clinical trial evaluates interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB), general anaesthesia (GA) and the combination of both anaesthetic methods (GA + ISB) in patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy. From July 2011 until May 2012, 120 patients (male/female), aged 20-80 years, were allocated randomly to receive ISB (10 ml mepivacaine 1 % and 20 ml ropivacaine 0.375 %), ...
Souza Richard B RB Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of California San Francisco, 185 Berry Street, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA, 94107, USA, - - 2014
Little is known about the early changes in cartilage composition and tibiofemoral kinematics following partial meniscectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of partial meniscectomy on cartilage compositional properties using T1ρ and T2 relaxation time mapping and to assess changes in tibiofemoral kinematics. It is hypothesize ...
Mallette Jason P JP Private Practice, South County Foot and Ankle, Warwick, RI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Today's foot and ankle surgeon has multiple options when choosing a fixation device for Lapidus arthrodesis, many of which have well-documented nonunion rates. The present study aimed to fill a void in the current foot and ankle literature by establishing a nonunion rate for staple fixation for the Lapidus procedure. ...
Schwandner O O Department of Proctology, Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brueder Regensburg, Pruefeninger Str. 89, 93049, Regensburg, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the functional outcome of transanal surgery in male patients suffering from fecal incontinence, soiling, and obstructed defecation associated with rectal mucosal prolapse. All male patients who underwent transanal surgery (either stapled or Delorme mucosectomy) for rectal mucosal prolapse associated with fecal ...
Nikooseresht Mahshid M Department of Anesthesiology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, - - 2014
The caudal approach to the epidural space has been used for decades to treat low back pain caused by lumbosacral root compression. The use of fluoroscopy during epidural steroid injection is the preferred method for placing the needle more accurately in the sacral hiatus, but it carries the risk of ...
Shah Viral N - - 2014
Background & objectives: With the advent of serum chemistry autoanalyzer and routine estimation of serum calcium as a part of annual physical examination, there has been a dramatic change in the presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) from symptomatic to asymptomatic disease in the United States. However, such trend has not ...
Shin Nara N Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
We analyzed chronological changes in hemoglobin according to renal function changes over a 5-year follow-up period. We enrolled 5,266 adults with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) at an initial examination at a routine health check-up; a follow-up examination was conducted 5 years later. We categorized the ...
Lee Yong Sang YS 0000-0002-8234-8718 Thyroid Cancer Center, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review the literature of latent papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) discovered at autopsy and describe the available pathologic and demographic differences from a group of papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs) the reported in a previous publication. We searched the PubMed for published articles describing latent ...
Cost Nicholas G NG Division of Pediatric Urology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH; Division of Urologic Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; Division of Urology, University of Colorado School of Medicine and the Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO. Electronic address: - - 2014
To better understand the impact of nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) on renal function in patients with nonsyndromic unilateral Wilms tumor (uWT), a group of such patients treated with NSS were compared with a stage-matched cohort managed with radical nephrectomy (RN). The recommended management of nonsyndromic uWT is RN. However, NSS may ...
Kaynar Mehmet M Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey, - - 2014
An increased pretreatment neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is associated with poor prognosis in colorectal, gastric, and ovarian cancer; malignant mesothelioma; and renal cell carcinoma. The present study aims to define the predictive value of preoperative peripheral blood count NLR in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and muscle-invasive disease (MIBC) patients. There were ...
Praženica Pavol P Department of Otolaryngology, Third Medical Faculty of the Charles University, Military University Hospital, Prague, The Czech Republic; Department of Otolaryngology, Midland Regional Hospital, Tullamore, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate preoperative features, surgical details, and postoperative findings related to the identification of parathyroid glands and to establish the relationship between identification of parathyroid glands and postoperative hypocalcemia. Seven hundred eighty-eight total thyroidectomies performed between January 2002 and April 2012 by a single ...
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