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Results 201 - 250 of 1377
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González Rubio-Medina E - - 2013
Pars planitis is an intermediate uveitis with bilateral and asymmetric presentation. The etiology is unknown and pathogenesis is unclear. Treatment follows the algorithm of Foster, which includes selective photocoagulation. The mechanism of action of photocoagulation is still unknown. An observational, longitudinal, ambispective cohort study was performed with the objective of ...
Tokaç M - - 2013
Aim: In this randomized prospective clinical study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) before Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy on intraoperative procedures and postoperative complication rates to determine whether MBP is adventageous or not before elective anorectal surgeries. Methods: Forty patients who had internal grade III or IV ...
Van Nortwick Sarah S The Robert A. Chase Hand Center, Stanford University, Palo Alto, - - 2013
Objective Contradictory reported arthritic patterns of the metacarpal surface of the trapezium include preferential volar wear, radial wear, and dorsal-ulnar sparing. We investigated whether a predominant wear pattern exists in surgical trapeziectomy for advanced thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis. Methods We examined 36 intact trapezia from 34 thumb CMC arthroplasty patients ...
Prajapati Jayesh S - - 2013
To evaluate the short and intermediate term outcome of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty (PTRA) and stenting particularly on blood pressure (BP) control and renal function and to evaluate predictors of poor BP response after successful PTRA and stenting. We conducted a prospective analysis of all patients who underwent PTRA ...
Andrade Jason G - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is associated with PV to left atrium re-conduction. The purpose of our study was to prospectively determine if the use of intraprocedural corticosteroids to limit the extent of tissue edema and/or inflammation alters the prevalence of spontaneous and adenosine-induced acute PV ...
Xu Yansheng Y 1 Department of Urology, Navy General Hospital of The People's Liberation Army , Haidian District, Beijing, China - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of a modified CO2 laser technique for circumcision in adult males as compared with the conventional dorsal-slit method. Circumcision is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the world. Although present techniques produce a good long-term result, ...
Shrestha Malakh - - 2013
Total aortic arch replacement remains a surgical challenge. For the reimplantation of the supra-aortic vessels, either the en bloc (island) or branched graft technique (BGT) is used. The BGT has been proposed to have several advantages over the classical island technique. The purpose of this study was to compare the ...
Sandiford Nemandra A - - 2013
We prospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological outcome of the first 32 patients (32 hips) undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty using a Trabecular Metal™ coated tapered femoral component. Seventeen males and 15 females were included. Average age was 71.6 years (range 61.5-85 years). Mean duration of follow-up was 34 months ...
Traibi Akram A Thoracic Department, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, - - 2013
The role of anatomical pulmonary segmentectomy is increasing, but there are few data about its complication rate. We have analysed the postoperative morbidity, mortality and risk factors in a consecutive series of 228 segmentectomies performed in our department. Between January 2007 and December 2011, 221 patients underwent 228 segmentectomies. There ...
Alexiev V - - 2013
We compared the Baska(®) mask with the single-use classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) in 150 females at low risk for difficult tracheal intubation in a randomised, controlled clinical trial. We found that median (IQR [range]) seal pressure was significantly higher with the Baska mask compared with the cLMA (40 (34-40 ...
Kukkonen Juha - - 2013
The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) is increasingly used to evaluate treatment effectiveness. The MCID for the Constant score has not been previously reported. A prospectively collected cohort of 802 consecutive shoulders with arthroscopically treated partial- or full-thickness rotator cuff tears was analyzed. The Constant score was measured preoperatively and ...
Sweeney Katie - - 2013
This retrospective study evaluates the health related quality of life (HRQL) of patients following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) compared to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis treatment. The Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and the Oxford Knee score (OKS) were recorded at baseline, 3 and 6months. Analysis of ...
Bagheri Reza R Cardiothoracic Surgery and Transplant Research Center, Emam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
Esophageal cancer is among the most common gastrointestinal cancers for which the main treatment is surgery. This study was undertaken to analyze the results of Botox injection in preventing gastric stasis in these patients. 60 patients with esophageal cancer in the middle and lower third parts were included in our ...
Mitchell Joshua R JR Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
To investigate phonation-related extracellular matrix (ECM) changes in the vocal fold lamina propria after microflap surgery using an in vivo rabbit phonation model. Prospective animal study. Twenty-four New Zealand White rabbits were used in this study. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate alterations in vocal fold ...
De Bortoli Alessandro - - 2013
The adjunctive ablation of areas of complex fractionated electrogram (CFE) to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an emerging strategy for patients with non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). We studied the long-term outcomes of this approach. Sixty-six patients (mean age 58 ± 9, 86.4 % male) with non-paroxysmal AF underwent ablation procedures consisting of PVI ...
Mastronikolis Nicholas S - - 2013
Evaluation of the voice results after Wendler glottoplasty in male-to-female transsexuals (MFTs). Retrospective case series. We retrospectively reviewed 31 MFT patients treated with a Wendler glottoplasty technique. The procedure consists of the CO2-laser de-epithelialization of the anterior commissure along with the anterior third of the two vocal folds, the suturing ...
Bjorgul K - - 2013
A total of 397 hips were randomised to receive Metasul metal-on-metal (MoM), metal-on-conventional polyethylene (MoP) or ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP) bearings using a cemented triple-tapered polished femoral component (MS-30). There were 129 MoM hips in 123 patients (39 male and 84 female, mean age 63.3 years (40.7 to 72.9)), 137 MoP hips in ...
Jemcov Tamara K - - 2013
Purpose: Although native radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (RCAVF) is the best vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), a major obstacle to increase its use is high frequency of fistulas that fail to mature. The aim of this study was to investigate and define cut-off values of morphologic and functional vessel parameters influencing ...
Tsuchiya M - - 2013
Background: Urinary catheter-induced discomfort during the postoperative period can be distressing, and sometimes results in severe restlessness and agitation, especially in middle-aged and elderly male patients. Recent advances in ultrasound technology have increased the consistency, safety, and ease of a caudal block even in older patients. We speculated that an ...
Gencer Zeliha Kapusuz - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of nasal septal deviation on volume of mastoid air cells and possible relationship to chronic otitis. Between May 2010 and September 2012, paranasal sinus computed tomographic findings of 825 patients (470 male and 355 female subjects) who were treated in ...
Brown James - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the interactive effects of recovery mode and duration on subsequent repeated short sprint (RSS) performance. Ten male recreational athletes (age: 27.9 ± 5.0 years; height: 1.80 ± 0.07 m; mass: 81.6 ± 13.5 kg) performed four randomized trials consisting of a 30 ...
Yaşar Mehmet - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of mometasone furoate nasal spray, intranasal azelastine, and isotonic sea water nasal spray in the management of allergy-induced nasal obstruction. Between October 2007 and August 2008 60 patients (37 males, 23 females; mean age 9.8±2.6 years; range 7 to 16 years) with a ...
Islam M S - - 2013
This prospective study was conducted in rheumatology clinic under the department of medicine of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University from December 2004 to December 2005 to asses the efficacy, safety and compliance of subcutaneous methotrexate (MTX) in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A total of 92 active rheumatoid arthritis patients ...
Luglio Gaetano - - 2013
Purpouse of this study was to evaulate short and long term funtional outcomes after TME (total mesorectal excision) for rectal cancer. The role of straight anastomosis or colonic J-pouch reconstruction is investigated, as well as the impact of preoperative chemoradiotherapy is analyzed as a cause of the so called "anterior ...
Abdur-Rahman L O - - 2013
Background: The practice and pattern of male infants circumcised is influenced by culture, religion and socio-economic classification. The debate about the benefits and risks of circumcision has made a hospital-based practice the most acceptable. Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the ages, indications, co-morbidity, types and methods ...
Uyar I S - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of single-clamping and partial-clamping techniques on postoperative stroke during coronary artery bypass surgery. Between December 2008 and December 2012, 2 000 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in two hospitals were analysed. Post-operative neurological complications were analysed retrospectively in ...
Mahoney Mary-Helen MH Department of Surgery, The University of Toronto Division of Plastic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, - - 2013
The authors present a single surgeon's series of primary palatoplasty over a 10-year period in order to determine which presurgical factors might influence postoperative fistula rate and speech outcome. Data were prospectively acquired for all patients undergoing primary palatoplasty between January of 2000 and January of 2010. Standard demographic data ...
Maclean Simon B M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare fixation of proximal femoral osteotomies using reverse contralateral LCP-Distal Femoral Plates (LCP-DF) with the more traditional blade plate technique.This was a retrospective review over six years of a single surgeon's practice within a tertiary orthopaedic unit. Patient demographics were collected, along with ...
Bigham A S - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of xenogenic bovine fetal demineralized bone matrix (DBM), commercial DBM, omentum, omentum-calf fetal DBM, cortical autograft and xenogenic cartilage powder on the healing of tibial defect in dog model, to determine the best material for bone healing. Seven male ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2013
Several studies have found that among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by thrombolysis, female sex is associated with a worse outcome. However, still controversial is the prognostic impact of gender in primary angioplasty, especially in the era of drug-eluting stents (DES). Therefore, the aim of this study ...
Dogan Abdullah - - 2013
We investigated whether carvediolol or nebiovolol with vasodilator properties will produce different effects on diastolic function of the left ventricle (LV) in heart failure (HF) with low ejection fraction (EF). Sixty-one non-sichemic HF patients with EF ≤40% randomly received carvedilol (n=31, 16 male) or nebivolol (n=30, 19 male). Clinical and ...
Mertziotis Nikos - - 2013
Our objective is to describe a novel ligamentolysis approach using a subcoronal incision technique and to determine its safety and efficacy. During the last 7 years, 82 consecutive patients had penile augmentation surgery. Ligamentolysis, through a lower abdominal incision (V-Y plasty) in the first 35 males, was performed (Group A), ...
Park Chan-Il - - 2013
Irrigated tip radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation is the most frequently used technology for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency and the safety of 2 different open irrigated tip RF ablation catheters. A total of 160 patients with symptomatic AF (29% persistent, 68% ...
Terrell Rodney D RD University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
Although tibiotalar fusion has historically been considered the gold standard treatment for end-stage arthritis of the ankle, the performance of total ankle replacement appears to be gaining favor as improved outcomes have been observed with new implant designs and surgical techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare trends ...
Jeong Jk - - 2013
This field study investigated whether the administration of a single dose of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) to dairy cows without a corpus luteum (CL) 4 weeks after calving can improve reproductive performance. Holstein dairy cows underwent ultrasonography to assess the presence of ovarian structures at 29.2 ± 5.2 days post-partum, and cows were divided into ...
Syed-Hussain S S - - 2013
Recent reports from New Zealand indicate Neospora caninum has a possible role in causing abortions in sheep. Transmission of N. caninum via semen has been documented in cattle. This study aimed to investigate if horizontal transmission through semen was also possible in sheep. Initially, 6-month old crossbred ram lambs (n=32), ...
Cruz Cristina - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Transthoracic echocardiography is an important tool after tetralogy of Fallot repair, of which aortic root dilatation is a recognized complication. In this study we aimed to assess its prevalence and potential predictors. METHODS: We consecutively assessed adult patients by transthoracic echocardiography after tetralogy of Fallot repair, and divided them ...
Showkatbakhsh Rahman - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the effects of facemask and tongue plate therapy in the treatment of class III malocclusion associated with maxillary deficiency in growing patients. Design: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. Setting: Department of Orthodontics, SB University of Medical Sciences Dental School, Tehran, ...
Gülpınar Omer - - 2013
To evaluate the long-term outcomes of artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation and to report the complication rates, including mechanical failure, erosion, and infection. From June 1990 to May 2011, AUS (AMS 800) implantations were performed in 56 adult males by one surgeon. Various demographic and preoperative variables, surgical variables, and ...
Peker Kemal K Erzincan University Department of General Surgery, Erzincan, - - 2013
Haemorrhoids are cushions of submucosal vascular tissue located in the anal canal starting just distal to the dentate line. Haemorrhoidal disease is a common anorectal disorder which has symptoms of bleeding, prolapse, pain, thrombosis, mucus discharge, and pruritus. Haemorrhoidectomy is one of most frequently performed anorectal operation worldwide. The aim ...
Kreuz Peter C - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Sex-specific outcomes have been reported in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction as well as in osteoarthrosis progression, but there are currently no related published data on autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). The present prospective study was performed to investigate sex-dependent differences in the results after ACI. HYPOTHESIS:The clinical and magnetic resonance imaging ...
Memon Zahid Ali - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of the Alvarado scoring system in reducing the percentage of negative appendectomy in our unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, comprising 110 patients, admitted to Surgical Unit I, Civil Hospital, Karachi, in 2011 with a preliminary diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Patients of ...
Azab Sherif - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The current study was carried out to investigate the impact of atherosclerosis on lower urinary tract function in the male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Patients and methods: This prospective study evaluated 110 male patients aged 55-75 years who were presented with LUTS. All patients underwent ...
Stefaniak Tomasz T Department of General, Endocrine and Transplant Surgery, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, - - 2013
Primary hyperhidrosis (PHH) is a disease that is mainly characterized by increased palmar and plantar sweating that significantly affects the everyday functioning. It is not clear to what extent this surgical intervention has an effect on one's further emotional functioning. To evaluate the impact of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) on ...
Sasaki Koichi - - 2013
PURPOSE: We investigated the general, sensory, and sympathetic innervation patterns at the undersurface of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) origin in patients with recalcitrant tennis elbow. METHODS: Eight elbows in eight consecutive patients (6 females and 2 males) with tennis elbow who underwent arthroscopic surgery were included in this ...
Santos Rogério Lacerda - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between biocompatibility and degree of monomer conversion of composites used to bond brackets to enamel, porcelain, resin, or metal surfaces at different time intervals. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were used, divided into 4 groups (n = 6) as follows: group C (control, ...
Yu Dedong - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate motivations, self-esteem, and oral health for undergoing orthognathic patients by gender in China before orthognathic surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a prospective and control study design, 429 subjects in China were collected from December 2010 to May 2011. The patient group ...
Hanada Mitsuru - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to examine patellar height at preoperation and postoperation, and compare the change of patellar height between opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and closed wedge HTO by using Insall-Salvati (IS) ratio and our original method. METHODS: Twenty patients (26 knees) were included. There ...
Storr-Paulsen Allan - - 2013
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) and the morphology of the corneal endothelium after cataract extraction in Caucasian male patients exposed to the α-1a adrenergic receptor antagonist tamsulosin. Methods:  In a clinical prospective study, 23 male patients (23 eyes) ...
Soga Yoshimitsu - - 2013
Background: The efficacy of stent-assisted endovascular therapy (EVT) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) compared to bypass surgery (BSX) remains unclear. Methods and Results: This study was performed as a multicenter retrospective registry. Between January 2004 and December 2009, 460 CLI patients (460 first treated limbs) who underwent BSX (237 patients) ...
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