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Results 901 - 950 of 1372
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Huijgens P C - - 2001
In 90 consecutive patients with multiple myeloma, we investigated the feasibility of administering a tandem high-dose therapy regimen, using whole blood for rescue after the first and leucapheresis harvested between the two high doses, for rescue after the second high dose. After 5 days of G-CSF 1 litre of whole ...
Robak T - - 2001
Cladribine (2-CdA) and fludarabine are the new purine analogs introduced in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Despite the high response rate, their influence on survival is still uncertain. The aim of this study was a retrospective analysis and comparison of the response rate and survival of CLL patients ...
Mels A K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Surgery induces a postoperative immunosuppression, thereby possibly facilitating the outgrowth of pre-existing occult metastases or the seeding of disseminated tumour cells in patients with primary colorectal carcinoma operated on with curative intent. The hypothesis that adjuvant therapy with perioperative recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) would minimize postoperative immunosuppression ...
Flinn PW - - 2001
Field studies were conducted to assess the effectiveness of the parasitoid wasp, Theocolax elegans, for reducing insect fragments in flour by suppressing populations of Rhyzopertha dominica in six bins, each containing 27 tonnes of wheat. Beetles were released into all the six bins at monthly intervals for 3 months. Parasitoid ...
Ozdogan M - - 2001
Hydatidosis is a highly endemic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus. The spleen is infrequently involved in hydatid disease. Splenectomy is the conventional treatment, but there are other treatment options as well. In this article, we reviewed the data of 14 patients with splenic hydatidosis operated on during the last 20 ...
Cantürk N Z - - 2001
The systemic administration of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is used clinically to increase circulating neutrophils, but its wound healing effects after intraperitoneal treatment have not been studied yet. We planned to investigate the effect of neutrophils on wound healing under cyclophosphamide and GM-CSF treatment. Forty rats were divided into three ...
Storen E C - - 2001
Anagrelide is a novel platelet-lowering agent that has recently been approved for use in essential thrombocythemia (ET) and related disorders. Short-term drug efficacy and toxicity data have previously been presented. The purpose of this study was to obtain additional information regarding long-term anagrelide use. This is a retrospective series of ...
Calderwood S - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) therapy in patients with neutropenia and/or neutrophil dysfunction secondary to glycogen storage disease (GSD) type 1b. Thirteen patients with neutropenia and/or neutrophil dysfunction secondary to GSD type 1b were treated with ...
Bader-Meunier B - - 2001
Clinical manifestations of hereditary spherocytosis (HS) can be abrogated by splenectomy. However, concerns exist regarding exposure of patients to a lifelong risk for overwhelming infections and, to a lesser extent, to vascular complications after total splenectomy. In the search for alternative treatment modalities, we assessed, in a previous pilot study, ...
Buchman N - - 2001
Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic medication frequently used in the management of psychotic states. While it has proved to be safe compared to clozapine with regard to haematotoxicity, because it has only been available for a few years, full documentation of its haematological side-effects remains incomplete. We report a case ...
Khoury H - - 2001
Although allogeneic transplantation is a curative therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), treatment-related mortality is still a major cause of posttransplantation mortality, especially for patients older than 40 years. We investigated, in a phase II trial, the role of a low-dose (550 cGy) high-dose rate (35 cGy/min) single-exposure total body ...
Zimecki M - - 2001
The effect of oral administration of lactoferrin (LF) was studied to determine if it could modify post-surgical immune response. The action of LF was evaluated in 18 LF-treated patients vs 28 placebo counterparts. Patients (women and men, mean age 50 years) were given daily oral doses (20 mg each) of ...
Spiller R C - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post-dysenteric irritable bowel syndrome (PD-IBS) develops in up to 25% of patients following Campylobacter enteritis. Our aim was to define the pathological basis of this subgroup of IBS. METHODS: Twenty one patients (group 1) underwent serial rectal biopsy and gut permeability testing following acute Campylobacter enteritis as ...
Stasi R - - 2000
The role of pulsed high-dose dexamethasone (DXM) in the treatment of patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is still uncertain. Following an early report in which it was described as an effective and well-tolerated treatment with a sustained platelet response in 100% of cases, a number of subsequent studies ...
Dubreuil-Lemaire M L - - 2000
This phase IIa, randomised, single-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted to determine the dose of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (lenograstim) suitable for use in AIDS patients. The study was conducted at 27 European AIDS/HIV centres, and recruited 69 AIDS patients with an initial episode or relapse of cytomegalovirus infection (neurological ...
Bonilla M - - 2000
To improve outcome and study biology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in El Salvador. Between January 1994 and December 1996, 153 children of El Salvador had newly diagnosed ALL treated in a collaborative program between Hospital Benjamin Bloom and St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (SJCRH). Therapy was based on ...
Ishikawa K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to characterize the infectious complications and kinetics of leukocyte count in severely head-injured patients treated with mild hypothermia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the incidence and severity of infectious complications as well as daily changes in leukocyte count in 41 severely head-injured patients treated ...
Gibson M - - 2000
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a condition that is characterized by persistently low platelet counts. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura results from splenic sequestration and accelerated platelet destruction mediated by antiplatelet antibody. Most cases arise in previously healthy patients, mostly women ages 20 to 40. Clinical symptoms consist of bruising, petechiae, mucosal bleeding, ...
Maciejewski J P - - 2000
Previously, we reported that patients with aplastic anemia (AA) have profoundly decreased numbers of hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells as measured in the long-term culture initiating cell (LTC-IC) assay (Blood 1996;88:1983-1991). We now present results of a long-term prospective study of LTC-IC numbers in peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow ...
Passamonti F - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Polycythemia vera (PV) is a myeloproliferative disorder, characterized by the expansion of the red cell mass. Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of pipobroman (PB) in the long-term control of PV and to assess early and late events. DESIGN AND METHODS: From June 1975 to December ...
Kojima S - - 2000
A prospective multicenter trial of 119 children 1 to 18 years of age with newly diagnosed aplastic anemia (AA) was conducted, comparing treatment using antithymocyte globulin (ATG), cyclosporine (CyA), and danazol (DAN) with or without rhG-CSF (400 microg/m(2), day on days 1-90). All children with very severe AA received rhG-CSF ...
Fass S M - - 2000
Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) for immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is very successful. However, the safety of LS in older patients who have less cardiac and pulmonary reserve has not been studied. Our objective was to compare results of LS in elderly and younger patients with ITP. LS performed for ITP between ...
Gruson D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the use of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF, filgrastim) reduces the mortality rate and the frequency rate of nosocomial infections in neutropenic patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series analysis. SETTING: Medical ICU of a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: We compared ...
Jensen M K - - 2000
In an attempt to characterise the clinical features, incidence and outcome of essential thrombocythaemia (ET) we report our experience in a large unselected series of patients from a well defined region. All new cases of ET in the County of Copenhagen were registered during the period 1977-98. We identified 96 ...
Vecchio R - - 2000
A total of 26 surgical patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) were reviewed and results of splenectomy were statistically related to age and sex, length of and response to pre-operative corticosteroid therapy, pre-operative platelet count and time interval between diagnosis and surgery. Median age was 37 years (range, 17-81 ...
Cohen Y C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: No firm data are available on the natural history of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) or on mortality rates or frequency of major bleeding episodes associated with this condition. The disease is thought to have a relatively benign course, despite the frequent occurrence of very low platelet counts. This prevailing ...
Plautz G E - - 2000
Patients with newly diagnosed gliomas were treated with adoptive transfer of ex vivo activated T lymphocytes, derived from lymph nodes (LNs) draining autologous tumor vaccines, to determine the long-term toxicity of this treatment. Twelve consecutive patients were enrolled: 2 with grade II astrocytoma, 4 with anaplastic gliomas, and 6 with ...
Ozer E A - - 2000
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of oral megadose methylprednisolone (OMMP) therapy in children with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Twenty-two patients were given oral methylprednisolone daily for 7 d (30 mg/kg for 3 d and then 20 mg/kg for 4 d). OMMP therapy was repeated ...
Mohr B - - 2000
Spectral karyotyping (SKY) was performed in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML; n = 25), secondary AML (s-AML; n = 7), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS; n = 6) and s-MDS (n = 1) to complement conventional cytogenetic investigations. According to the results of conventional cytogenetics the patients were subdivided into three ...
Trias M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is now regarded as the treatment of choice for autoimmune thrombopenia (ITP). However, there have been few reports describing the application of LS to other splenic diseases, such as malignant entities and conditions associated with splenomegaly. Hematological diseases have specific clinical features that can influence immediate ...
Park A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Lateral laparoscopic splenectomy in adults, first reported in 1991, was begun with children in 1993. METHODS: The authors reviewed records of 59 patients 2 to 17 years old who underwent laparoscopic splenectomy by the lateral approach between 1994 and 1998 at four medical centers. Patients received prophylactic penicillin or ...
Cervantes F - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Severe anemia is an important problem in patients with idiopathic myelofibrosis (IM). When other therapeutic measures are unsuccessful or not applicable, 40-50% favorable responses are obtained with androgen therapy. Oxymetholone is the drug usually employed, but good results have also been reported with danazol, although the experience ...
Holland C - - 2000
Background: Premature ovarian failure (POF) is often associated with autoimmune disorders. The 47,XXX karyotype has also been associated with POF and other genitourinary abnormalities. Following is a case of a 17 year old with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), POF, 47, XXX and a positive antinuclear antibody (ANA).Case Report: A 17 ...
Mantovani L - - 2000
Treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) improves anaemia in approximately 20% of the patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Recent reports suggest that a combination treatment with rhEPO plus recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) given for up to 18 weeks may result in a higher erythroid response rate than with ...
de-Medeiros C R - - 2000
Severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is probably an immune-mediated disorder, and immunosuppressive therapy is recommended for patients with no available donor for bone marrow transplant. Between October 1984 and November 1987, 25 consecutive children and adolescents with SAA with no HLA-compatible marrow donor received equine antithymocyte globulin (ATG) (15 mg kg-1 ...
Dearden C E - - 2000
We summarize the results of our experience over the past 15 years using pentostatin (Nipent; SuperGen, San Ramon, CA) to treat a range of mature B- and T-cell malignancies. This includes 145 patients with postthymic T-cell malignancies in whom disease subtype was found to be the most significant predictor of ...
Arpaci F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There is a tendency to use only one apheresis collection to reduce the morbidity and the cost of peripheral blood stem cell collection. We studied whether rapid and complete engraftment could be achieved by single apheresis by using only Filgrastim without large volume apheresis in previously treated patients. METHODS: ...
Patriarca F - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Positive selection of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) has been investigated in multiple myeloma (MM) with the aims of reducing plasma cell (PC) contamination of the leukaphereses and improving clinical outcome of autografted patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: In our center 39 untreated patients with stage II and ...
Catalano P J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of quick-setting hydroxyapatite cement in eliminating cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea following neurotologic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of 40 consecutive patients undergoing neurotologic surgery in whom the dura was opened. SETTING: All patients were treated as hospital inpatients at a tertiary referral ...
Schäfer H - - 2000
We investigated the effects of recombinant G-CSF (Filgrastim) on the function of neutrophils and the rate of infectious complications in an open-label, nonrandomized study of patients with esophageal cancer undergoing esophagectomy. In this single-center phase-II trial 20 sequential patients (19 evaluable) received Filgrastim at standard doses (300 microg or 480 ...
Micallef I N - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of and risk factors for therapy-related myelodysplasia (tMDS) and secondary acute myelogenous leukemia (sAML), after high-dose therapy (HDT) with autologous bone marrow or peripheral-blood progenitor-cell support, in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1985 and November 1996, 230 patients underwent HDT ...
Schmaldienst S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Leukopenia due to immunosuppressive drugs represents a well-known complication in graft recipients, which might put patients at an increased risk for infections. In this study, recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF), a hematopoietic growth factor that selectively stimulates neutrophil colony formation and neutrophil cell differentiation, was tested for safety ...
Grené N - - 2000
The aim of this work was to assess the impact of circulating guidelines for correct prescription practices of colony stimulating factors (CSF). Two hospital groups were compared, a 'guidelines' group (seven teaching hospitals) that circulated the guidelines and a control group (eight teaching hospitals) that did not. In addition, two ...
Robak T - - 2000
Between January 1992 and January 1999, we treated 378 B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) patients with cladribine (2-CdA), and 255 of the patients were also treated with prednisone. A total of 194 patients were previously untreated, and 184 had relapsed or refractory disease after previous other therapy. Complete response (CR) was ...
Zziwambazza W - - 2000
In this retrospective study employing chart reviews, 75 open heart surgery patients (OHSPs) were divided into 3 groups of 25 patients. Group 1 received no intravenous (i.v.) norepinephrine (NE) after surgery. Group 2 and group 3 received a minimum of 0.028 mcg/kg/min of i.v. NE for 6-24 h and greater ...
Ekem I - - 2000
The records of 20 ALL patients aged 12 years and below seen at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital(KBTH) between December 1982 and May 1990 were examined as well as that of their counterparts in Hamburg University Children's Hospital(HHOG) matched by age, sex and as closely as possible date of presentation. Data on ...
Bennett C L - - 2000
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder affecting both children and adults that can be manifested by severe bleeding episodes. Adult ITP patients have a low rate of spontaneous remission, and symptomatic patients commonly undergo splenectomy; however, maintenance therapy may increase the rate of remission, allowing splenectomy to be ...
Bussel J B - - 2000
Patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) have vulnerability to additional bleeding, leaving them susceptible to severe hemorrhaging. Low platelet counts contribute to this rare, but significant outcome, but may not be the sole determinant. Although the only current treatment of ITP felt to be curative is surgical removal of the ...
Viollier R - - 2000
In a previous study, we evaluated efficacy of repeated antilymphocyte globulin (ALG) treatment for patients with severe aplastic anemia not responding to an initial ALG treatment or relapsing after initial response to ALG. We now searched in the same cohort of patients for differences between patients who responded to treatment ...
Szold A - - 2000
We performed a laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) in 60 patients (age 9-83, 45 females) with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) who did not achieve sustained remission on steroid therapy. Using a modified procedure, the mean duration of LS was 78 min (range 25-240 min) and surgery was associated with only 5% major ...
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