Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1372
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Ernst Peter - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) may aid engraftment post high-dose chemo-/radiotherapy in patients with haematological malignancies undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT); however, the effects of G-CSF on graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), relapse, and survival are not well defined. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicentre, phase 3 study, the ...
Vancine-Califani Suley Mara Chaddad - - 2008
In adults with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), steroids are usually proposed as first-line therapy, but long-term complete responses are obtained in no more than 20% of patients. For the remaining patients, splenectomy is considered the treatment of choice, with reported "cure" rates from 60-70%. However, the inherent risks of surgery ...
Akkök Ciğdem A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Autologous stem cell transplantation with cryopreserved autografts is a prerequisite for high-dose chemotherapy in treatment of several malignancies. Adverse effects due to the cryoprotectant dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) vary from mild to severe. DMSO-associated adverse effects can be reduced by DMSO depletion before autograft infusion. The aim was to investigate ...
Walitza Susanne - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most frequent psychiatric disorder in children and adolescents and is often treated with methylphenidate (MPH), resulting in MPH exposure in more than 1% of all children in many countries. A 2005 report on cytogenetic effects in peripheral lymphocytes from 12 ADHD children ...
Kizaki Masahiro - - 2008
Since hematology is a highly specialized field, an individual physician may not have much direct treatment experience with a given disease. Therefore, the Japanese Society of Hematology (JSH) has discussed establishing a registry of hematologic disorders, in order to contribute to improving the quality of treatments and clinical outcomes in ...
Kuwabara S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder associated with plasma cell dyscrasia. There is increasing evidence that high-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (Auto-PBSCT) is an efficacious treatment. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the extent and time course of neurologic improvement ...
Harvey Richard J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic skull base reconstruction (ESBR) has been widely accepted in the management of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. However, it is not the CSF leak itself but the potential for life-threatening intracranial complications (ICCs) that is of primary clinical concern. The risk of developing complications, such as meningitis, in a ...
Zeidan Amer - - 2008
Imatinib is widely recognized as the standard of care in the first-line treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML); however, resistance can limit its long-term benefits. Early identification of the loss of response to imatinib is therefore important for the optimal management of patients with this type of leukemia. Cytogenetic and ...
Alasfoor Kholood - - 2009
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab in the treatment of patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). A prospective study was performed at Mubarak Al-Kabeer University Hospital involving the use of rituximab in 14 patients who had previously been treated with steroids, steroid ...
Stoner Steven C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the development of neutropenia in a patient after almost 8 years of being stabilized on delayed-release divalproex sodium (DVPX). CASE SUMMARY: A 45-year-old man had been maintained on DVPX for nearly 8 years, with serum valproic acid concentrations of 85-128 mg/L and normal white blood cell (WBC) ...
Houwerzijl Ewout J - - 2008
The predictive value of clinical and platelet kinetic parameters for treatment outcome in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) was investigated in 75 patients with platelets<or=20x10(9)/L. The platelet kinetic studies showed that the platelet production rate (PPR) was decreased (<100x10(9)/day), normal, or increased (>355x10(9)/day) in 33%, 48%, and 19% of patients, respectively. ...
Stendel Ruediger - - 2008
OBJECT: The use of dural grafts is frequently unavoidable when tension-free dural closure cannot be achieved following neurosurgical procedures or trauma. Biodegradable collagen matrices serve as a scaffold for the regrowth of natural tissue and require no suturing. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety ...
Felisati G - - 2008
Cerebrospinal fluid leak (CSF), clinical sign of a dural lesion of the skull base, is a relatively rare event that can present with a variety of symptoms. Every craniosinus fistula should be considered a serious, potentially life-threatening situation (even those cases with hidden CSF leak). Reports of experience concerning diagnosis ...
Scheinberg Phillip P Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2008
To determine the long-term outcomes in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) treated with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclosporine (CsA) through a retrospective analysis of the pediatric patients treated at our institution in all protocols that included horse ATG (h-ATG) and CsA. Between 1989 and 2006, a total of 406 ...
Niparuck Pimjai - - 2008
Four patients with acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenic purpura, who had failed corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and cyclophosphamide therapy, were treated with antithymocyte globulin, followed by cyclosporin. Three patients achieved complete remission in 28-178 days and the response duration was 16-60 months from the beginning of treatment. One patient achieved a partial response ...
Badgwell Brian D BD Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030-1402, - - 2008
Abdominal pain in neutropenic cancer patients presents a unique clinical challenge for surgeons. The purposes of this retrospective study were to characterize the clinicopathologic factors associated with the presentation of neutropenia and abdominal pain, examine the treatment strategies used, and define associated outcomes for these patients. We identified patients with ...
Lejon Veerle - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To date, no biological marker for treatment outcome in human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) has been described. The accuracy of biological markers for prediction of treatment outcome of HAT caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense was assessed. METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell (WBC) count and immunoglobulin M (IgM), trypanosome-specific ...
Martin Mike G - - 2008
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease of older adults. Efforts to intensify therapy along traditional avenues have failed to yield improved results. There remains significant clinical equipoise as to how to "induce" patients and whether or not 7+3-style regimens improve outcomes over low-dose cytarabine. What is certain is that ...
Woodworth Bradford A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report our outcomes with the repair of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and to demonstrate how management of underlying intracranial hypertension improves outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of spontaneous CSF leaks treated at the University of Pennsylvania Health System from 1996 to 2006. Data collected included demographics, nature ...
Paling A A Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Stellenbasch and Tygerberg Children's Hospital PO Box 19063, Tygerberg 7505, Cape Town, South - - 2008
To evaluate clinical course, treatment modalities, complications and referral pattern in paediatric patients treated over a 10-year period. A retrospective, descriptive, hospital based study. 123 patients were diagnosed with ITP at Tygerberg Hospital from January 1996 to December 2006. Thirteen were excluded. The information of 106 patients was examined in ...
Liu Qing-chi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of Dihuang Zhixue Capsule (DZC, a Chinese preparation for cooling blood and dispelling toxic substances) in the treatment of childhood refractory idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (RITP), with cyclosporin A (CsA) used as the control. METHODS: Forty-one children of RITP were randomized into the treated group ...
Muramatsu Hideki - - 2008
Transient leukaemia (TL) in neonates with Down syndrome (DS) is characterized by the transient appearance of blast cells in the peripheral blood that resolves spontaneously. Some TL patients die at an early age due to organ failure. Seventy DS patients with TL were studied retrospectively to identify clinical and laboratory ...
Godeau Bertrand - - 2008
Whether rituximab could effectively and safely avoid splenectomy for adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) remains unresolved. A multicenter, prospective, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 trial was conducted to assess rituximab safety and efficacy in adult splenectomy candidates with chronic ITP. Sixty patients with chronic (>or= 6 months) ITP and ...
Pandia Mihir Prakash - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow during percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy (PRGR) on long term pain relief in patients with trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with trigeminal neuralgia underwent 102 PRGR procedures. PRGR was conducted under fluoroscopy. After the egress of CSF, anhydrous glycerol ...
Chuhjo Tatsuya - - 2008
Although there are anecdotal reports of the efficacy of danazol in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA), there has been no systematic study to clarify its efficacy and toxicity. Therefore, we assessed the efficacy of danazol for treatment of patients with AA refractory to immunosuppressive therapy (IST) and those who ...
Insiripong Somchai - - 2008
Twenty-five patients with eosinophil counts > 1,000/mm3 of unknown etiology were treated with albendazole 400 mg twice daily for 7 days were compared with 25 eosinophilic control patients who were not treated. The average eosinophil count in the treated group was 2,079/mm3 (range 1,002-7,629/mm3) and in the control group was ...
Ghantous Salim - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) undergoing laparoscopic or open splenectomy and to assess factors that may predispose to this complication. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients with SCD undergoing splenectomy between ...
Nagashima Goro - - 2008
A 67-year-old man who had twice previously undergone operations for a tuberculum sellae meningioma was admitted to hospital for further treatment. After the third surgical intervention, the patient developed persistent low-grade fever and impaired consciousness. Computed tomography, 1 week after surgery, showed postsurgical hydrocephalus. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies revealed high ...
Forrest D L - - 2008
Chronic myeloid leukemia (cml) is a myeloproliferative disorder whose therapy has changed dramatically since the late 1990s. With the introduction of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (tki) imatinib mesylate, the treatment outcomes for patients with cml have improved markedly, and hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation is no longer routinely offered as first-line therapy ...
Bagheri Abbas - - 2008
To describe the clinical manifestations of subtypes of double elevator palsy and to report the outcomes of surgery in these patients. This retrospective study was conducted on hospital records of patients with double elevator palsy at Labbafinejad Medical Center over a ten-year period from 1994 to 2004. Patients were classified ...
Geerts G A V M - - 2008
Although in vitro studies on the release of antifungal agents from tissue conditioners have been done, no in vivo research on the topic could be found. The purpose of this study was to determine the in vivo effect of an antifungal agent released from a tissue conditioner on the salivary ...
Chao Yen-Nan - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite progress in antibiotic therapy and intensive care, childhood pneumococcal meningitis remains a devastating disease, with morbidity and mortality rates among the highest of any cause of bacterial meningitis. We conducted this study to find the factors associated with disease outcome in clinical settings. METHODS: All pediatric ...
Dolan James P - - 2008
Although immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is the most common autoimmune hematological disorder, there is still controversy regarding the optimal management of this condition. Medical therapy may cure a proportion of patients with ITP but there are still a significant number of these individuals who are at risk for bleeding events. ...
Kristof Rudolf A - - 2008
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to clarify whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage into the subdural space is involved in the genesis of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) and subdural hygroma (SH) and to clarify whether this leakage of CSF into the subdural space influences the postoperative recurrence rate of ...
de la Serna Javier - - 2008
An understanding of the prognostic factors associated with the various forms of induction mortality in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has remained remarkably limited. This study reports the incidence, time of occurrence, and prognostic factors of the major categories of induction failure in a series of 732 patients of ...
Kelaidi C - - 2008
Anemia in MDS with 5q deletion was generally considered, until the advent of lenalidomide, unresponsive to available treatments. We analyzed erythroid response to erythropoetin (EPO) or darbepoetin (DAR) and thalidomide in MDS with 5q deletion treated by French centers (GFM) and in whom karyotype was successfully performed. Of 345 patients ...
Torok M Estee - - 2008
The aim of this prospective, observational cohort study was to determine the clinical and microbiological features, outcome, and baseline variables predictive of death, in Vietnamese adults with HIV-associated tuberculous meningitis (TBM). 58 patients were admitted to the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Ho Chi Minh City and underwent routine clinical ...
Harousseau Jean-Luc - - 2008
In most hematologic malignancies the role of induction treatment is to achieve complete remission (CR). In multiple myeloma this has been possible only with the introduction of high-dose therapy plus autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT). In the context of ASCT there is a statistical relationship between CR or very good partial ...
Pongtanakul Bunchoo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive therapy (IST) is the alternative treatment in children with aplastic anemia (AA) who do not have an HLA-matched sibling. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of children with AA treated with IST. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the hospital records of children with AA from ...
Razmjoo Hassan - - 2008
To evaluate the effect of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) on stereoacuity (SA). This prospective study includes 200 patients scheduled for LASIK. SA was evaluated preoperatively and one week, one month and three months postoperatively using the Random Dot test. Patients with preoperative SA worse than 480 sec/arc were excluded ...
Hattori Mamiko - - 2008
We conducted a nationwide survey on antithymocyte globulin (ATG) therapy for adult patients in Japan. We mailed questionnaires to 454 hospitals with hematology divisions, of which 181 (40%) responded, and the records of 448 patients were collected. Patient characteristics, hematological responses, and adverse effects were evaluated in 421 patients with ...
Mateos María-Victoria - - 2008
Lenalidomide combined with dexamethasone has significant clinical activity in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). In previous clinical trials lenalidomide-induced neutropenia was a frequent side-effect, often leading to treatment delays and dose reductions. We describe three MM patients treated with lenalidomide plus dexamethasone, which developed grade 3/4 neutropenia during the ...
Daudia Anu - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The annual risk of meningitis in unrepaired fistulas is widely quoted to be approximately 10% per annum. Our aim was to review our experience with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and to calculate the overall risk and the annual incidence of meningitis, and to correlate our findings with the causation ...
Romano Fabrizio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is considered the gold standard for the treatment of hematologic disease of the spleen. Intraoperative bleeding is the main complication and main cause of conversion during LS. In this paper, we present our experience with 112 LS procedures, comparing two different techniques and instruments for spleen ...
Kitchen Maria - - 2008
This article describes immunological HIV progression, mortality, and its predictors in 974 Zambian adults. During 3138 person-years of follow-up, 281 deaths occurred, and the overall mortality rate was 9.0 per 100 person-years. Thirty-six percent of patients were dead within 5 years of enrollment. The median survival in patients with baseline ...
Wu Shih-Chung - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Spleen-preserving procedures deserve every effort by surgeons to reduce the risk of overwhelming postsplenectomy infection. Partial splenectomy at hospitals with restricted sources remains technically demanding. We describe our method of partial splenectomy for benign splenic cysts with the aid of a Lin clamp. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since April 2003 ...
Kang Sheng - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies suggest that granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized stem cells are recruited to ischemic myocardium and differentiate into specialized cells such as cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, and smooth muscle cells, and may improve left ventricular function. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and tolerability of ...
Panzer S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) only require treatment if they are bleeding, or prior to scheduled operations. Patients are also treated if platelet counts are very low. Some patients become refractory, relapse or do not respond to treatment with steroids. Splenectomy is effective in raising the platelet ...
Zhu Hong-hu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Real-time quantitative RT-PCR (RQ-PCR) assay has become a vital tool to monitor residual disease of leukemia. However, the complexity and standardization of RQ-PCR should never be overlooked and the results should be interpreted cautiously in clinical conditions. We aimed to assess the methodology of RQ-PCR and its clinical applications ...
Laros-van Gorkom B A P - - 2007
Alemtuzumab (MabCampath) is a monoclonal antibody against CD52, indicated as third-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). As most important side effect opportunistic infections are mentioned. It is, however, unknown whether these complications often lead to problems in general patient care in the Netherlands. To gain insight into the use ...
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