Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1384
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Vanni Gianluca - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Surgical stress and general anesthesia can have detrimental effects on postoperative immune function. We sought to comparatively evaluate postoperative lymphocytes response in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) under thoracic epidural or general anesthesia. METHODS: Between October 2008 and June 2009, 50 patients with nonmalignant pulmonary conditions were randomized ...
Ahmed Ibrahim - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a common, benign, self-limiting disease in children. Chronic ITP is diagnosed when thorombocytopenia persists beyond 12 months. Older age is associated with increased risk for development of chronic ITP. The main objective of the current study was to examine whether total leukocyte (TLC) ...
Atchison Elizabeth - - 2010
High-dose (HD) IL-2 is approved to treat renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with modest response rates and significant toxicity. Enhancement of cytotoxic T-cell activity by IL-2 is 1 mechanism of action. IL-2 also stimulates regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs), which are associated with poor prognosis. Favorable outcomes are associated with greater rebound ...
- - 2010
The evaluation of patient-reported outcomes (e.g. impact, satisfaction) is important in trials of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). We evaluated psychometric properties of the CGM Satisfaction Scale (CGM-SAT) and the Glucose Monitoring Survey (GMS). CGM-SAT is a 44-item scale on which patients (n=224) or parents (n=102) rated their experience with CGM ...
Anupriya A - - 2010
Arachnoiditis involving optic nerve and the optic chiasm can occur as a complication of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). This study evaluates the clinical features, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and laboratory parameters and imaging findings of optochiasmatic arachnoiditis (OCA) and also tried to identify any factors which can predict this complication in patients ...
Chunhua Yu - - 2011
Background and objective: A murine model of skin injury from vinorelbine extravasation was established to evaluate the treatment efficacy of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF). Materials and method: Experimental models were divided into bFGF, rhGM-CSF, and control (saline) groups, with 40 mice in ...
Mwangangi Joseph M - - 2011
Larval control is a major component in mosquito control programs. This study evaluated the wide-scale application of Bti/Bs biolarvicide (Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis [Bti] and Bacillus sphaericus [Bs]) in different aquatic habitats in urban and peri-urban Malindi, Kenya. This study was done from June 2006 to December 2007. The urban ...
Soo Alan W - - 2010
Open heart surgery is associated with a massive systemic inflammatory response. Neutrophils, are the main mediator of this response. We hypothesised that the degree of neutrophil activation and inflammatory response to open heart surgery varies individually and correlates with clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to determine if ...
Samaras Panagiotis - - 2011
To reduce the duration of neutropenia after conditioning chemotherapy and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APBSCT), granulocyte-colony stimulating factors (G-CSF) are commonly administered. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of pegfilgrastim compared to filgrastim on neutrophil engraftment, hospital stay, and supportive measures in patients with multiple myeloma after conditioning with ...
Misra Usha Kant - - 2010
There is paucity of studies on cytokines in tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and their relation with clinical and radiological changes; therefore this study was undertaken. 16 TBM patients diagnosed on the basis of clinical, CSF and radiological criteria were included. They were subjected to TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1beta, and IL-12p70 ...
Awidi Abdalla - - 2010
One hundred and three patients with Philadelphia chromosome or BCR-ABL positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase who were on oral imatinib were included in this study. The study aimed to assess the relationship between imatinib trough serum levels and clinical outcome (as determined by molecular response) in Jordanian ...
Apostolidou Effrosyni E Department of Leukemia, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2010
Changes in the bone marrow microenvironment in myelofibrosis are triggered by a cytokine burst and consist of fibrosis, osteosclerosis, and angiogenesis. Sunitinib is a multitargeted small-molecule inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinases involved in cell proliferation and angiogenesis, including vascular endothelial growth factor receptors. Fourteen patients with myelofibrosis were treated ...
McGirt Laura Y - - 2010
Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been utilized for more than 20 years to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), but a clinical response can take up to 9 months to manifest. This study was undertaken to determine whether clinical features, laboratory values, cytokine levels, or gene expression levels of tumor markers are ...
Lugthart Sanne - - 2010
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with inv(3)(q21q26.2)/t(3;3)(q21;q26.2) [inv(3)/t(3;3)] is recognized as a distinctive entity in the WHO classification. Risk assignment and clinical and genetic characterization of AML with chromosome 3q abnormalities other than inv(3)/t(3;3) remain largely unresolved. Cytogenetics, molecular genetics, therapy response, and outcome analysis were performed in 6,515 newly diagnosed ...
Mesa Ruben A RA Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ, USA. - - 2010
A multicenter Eastern Cooperative Group (ECOG) phase 2 trial assessed whether adding prednisone to lenalidomide would improve previously reported responses in persons with myelofibrosis (MF). Forty-eight subjects with anemia (42 evaluable) received lenalidomide, 10 mg/d, with a 3-month low-dose prednisone taper. Ten subjects received 3 months, and 25 received 6 ...
Aleem Aamer - - 2010
Management of patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) refractory to standard treatment is difficult. Recent studies show that rituximab, a chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, is useful in the treatment of ITP. We retrospectively studied 24 patients who received 29 rituximab treatments for relapsed or refractory ITP. Patients had received a median ...
Pineda Merce - - 2010
We assessed the clinical outcome after coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) therapy in 14 patients presenting ataxia classified into two groups according to CoQ(10) values in muscle (deficient or not). We performed an open-label prospective study: patients were evaluated clinically (international cooperative ataxia rating scale [ICARS] scale, MRI, and videotape registration) at ...
Marwaha Ram Kumar - - 2010
The outcome of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in developing countries is inferior compared with the resource-rich nations. This descriptive study was designed to determine the pattern of deaths in children with ALL treated at a single center and identify the problem areas in management. Case records of 532 patients with ...
Boehm Alexandra - - 2011
Although imatinib has become standard first-line therapy in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is still considered to be an important treatment alternative for patients with drug resistance or advanced disease. We retrospectively analyzed 175 adult CML patients who underwent HSCT at our institution between 1983 ...
Poole Jennifer - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Severe chronic neutropenia (SCN) places the sufferer at increased risk of bacterial infection, often requiring emergency hospital admission and long-term antibiotic treatment. METHOD: A single clinical case study of idiopathic SCN in a boy of 3 years and 8 months at the start of treatment individualized, classical homeopathic treatment ...
Lucid C E - - 2011
Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been shown to be a promising treatment for chronic graft-versus-host disease; however, only a few case reports are available that examine the effectiveness of ECP for bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after allo-SCT. Because of the poor response to traditional therapies, ECP has been explored as a possible ...
Suzuki Yuhko - - 2010
An 88-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our hospital due to a one-month history of face edema, aphagia, shortness of breath, and skin rush over almost her entire skin. She had no abdominal symptoms. Her peripheral blood count showed a white blood cell (WBC) count of 27.1x10(9)/L with 82.1% eosinophils. ...
Martínez-Trillos Alejandra - - 2010
Hydroxyurea (HU) is frequently given as treatment for myelofibrosis (MF), but data on its efficacy and tolerability are scarce. The results of HU therapy were evaluated in 40 patients with hyperproliferative manifestations of primary (n = 32), post-polycythemia vera (n = 6), or post-essential thrombocythemia (n = 2) myelofibrosis. Median interval between diagnosis and HU start ...
Lancet Jeffrey - - 2010
Introduction: CPX-351 is a liposomal formulation that encapsulates cytarabine and daunorubicin at a 5:1 molar ratio. This molar ratio was found, in vitro, to be consistently synergistic and nonantagonistic across multiple leukemic and solid tumor cell lines. A randomized phase II study comparing CPX-351 with conventional cytarabine + daunorubicin ("7 ...
Wierda William G - - 2010
Introduction: Chemoimmunotherapy regimens are the treatment standard for fit patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Ofatumumab is a human monoclonal antibody that binds to a unique membrane-proximal epitope composed of both the large- and small-loop domains of CD20. Overall response rates (ORRs) of 47%-58% have been observed with single-agent ofatumumab ...
Braam W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In some of our patients with intellectual disability (ID) and sleep problems, the initial good response to melatonin disappeared within a few weeks after starting treatment, while the good response returned only after considerable dose reduction. The cause for this loss of response to melatonin is yet unknown. We ...
Fortune Anne - - 2010
T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (LBL and ALL) is a rare lymphoid malignancy typically presenting in adolescent and young adult males. Patients are traditionally treated with ALL-type protocols, with no consensus on the role of maintenance therapy, or allogeneic or autologous transplant. Outcome results are thus difficult to interpret. The successful use of ...
McIver Zachariah - - 2010
The monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody Rituximab (RTX) is increasingly used in allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) to treat lymphoproliferative disorders and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). RTX administration can be complicated by delayed and prolonged neutropenia, but the mechanism is unclear. We report the occurrence of profound cytopenias following RTX given in ...
Buskova Jitka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Not only patients in whom REM behavior disorder (RBD) is associated with narcolepsy, but also those with narcolepsy alone are reported to have olfactory dysfunction. We investigated if hyposmia is specific to narcolepsy with cataplexy (N-C) or if narcolepsy without cataplexy (NwC) is also associated with olfactory dysfunction. METHODS: ...
Zhao Ke K Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610 041, P. R. - - 2010
Hydrocephalus results from inadequate passage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from its point of production within the cerebral ventricles to its point of absorption into systemic circulation. The objective of this study was to investigate the disorders of CSF absorption by arachnoid villi during the different phases of hydrocephalus. Silicone oil ...
Pai Vinita - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Delayed initiation of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell (APBSCT) in adult patients does not affect time to neutrophil or platelet engraftment, duration of fever, incidence of bacteremia, duration of non-prophylactic antibiotic therapy, and length of hospitalization when ...
Alejandre Mariel Emilce - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Over the last 20 years, high dose therapy followed by hemopoietic stem cell transplantation has been employed in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). During 16 years of follow-up, the degree of tumor response and survival in 238 patients with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and changes in the serum ...
MacMillan Margaret L - - 2010
The optimal primary endpoint for acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) therapeutic trials has not been established. In a retrospective analysis, we examined the response of 864 patients who received prednisone 60 mg/m(2)/d for 14 days, followed by an 8-week taper, as initial therapy for acute GVHD from 1990-2007 at the University ...
Karimi Mehran - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the tolerance and adverse effects of hydroxyurea (HU) in thalassemia intermedia (TI) patients who had been treated by HU for a period of 10 years. One hundred forty-three TI patients, including 78 male and 65 female, median age 21 years old (range: ...
Bhangu Aneel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify optimum timing of blood tests and suitable cutoff values when managing patients with Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD), in relation to early mortality. METHODS: Review of 204 patients treated as inpatients for a first episode of CDAD from January to December 2008. Differences in values ...
Tamary Hannah - - 2010
The rarity of severe complications of this disease in children makes randomized clinical trials in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) unfeasible. Therefore, the current management recommendations for ITP are largely dependent on clinical expertise and observations. As part of its discussions during the Intercontinental Cooperative ITP Study Group Expert Meeting in Basel, ...
Liatsos George D - - 2010
PURPOSE: A case of a patient who developed thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) after consuming a weight-loss product containing green tea is reported. SUMMARY: A 38-year-old, 68-kg Caucasian woman arrived at the emergency department with a one-week history of malaise, fatigue, and petechiae of the skin. She had no symptoms of ...
Sekeres Mikkael A - - 2010
Lenalidomide and azacitidine are active in patients with lower- and higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). These agents may complement each other by targeting both the bone marrow microenvironment and hypomethylating action on the malignant clone. This phase I trial explored the safety of combination therapy in patients with higher-risk MDS. Response ...
Ushewokunze S O S SO Department of Neurosurgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2010
A retrospective study. To review the outcome of 40 patients with post-traumatic syringomyelia treated with laminectomy and reconstitution of the spinal subarachnoid channels. Birmingham, United Kingdom. A retrospective study of patients undergoing surgery between 1996 and 2007 was carried out. All 40 patients underwent a laminectomy with the creation of ...
Offidani Massimo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: With the aim to address the issue whether high-dose therapy (HDT) is required after new drugs combinations to improve outcome of elderly newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients, we compared the toxicity and the outcome of ThaDD plus maintenance to those of ThaDD plus HDT-autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). ...
Kopp Hans-Georg - - 2010
To determine the long-term outcome of patients after allogeneic transplantation of T-cell depleted versus unmanipulated hematopoietic stem cell grafts with respect to incidence of GvHD and overall survival in 50 consecutive patients. In this prospective phase II study utilizing biological randomization, 50 sibling donors were mobilized with G-CSF. Positive selection ...
Becher A M - - 2010
For 9 consecutive months (March-November 2008), faecal samples were collected monthly from 129 horses residing within 40 km of Salzburg, Austria. Samples were analysed quantitatively using a modified McMaster egg counting technique. Whenever a faecal egg count (FEC) result exceeded 250 eggs per gram (EPG), the horse was treated with ...
Xiaodong Bai - - 2010
The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of fasudil [1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl) homopiperazine] (HA1077, calcium antagonist vasodilator and an inhibitor of RhoA kinase) on expression of cytokeratin (CK), DNA multiplication, and synthesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). After rats were killed, MSC were separated from rats and proliferated in ...
Wierda William G WG The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030-4009, USA. - - 2010
New treatments are needed for patients with fludarabine- and alemtuzumab-refractory (FA-ref) chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or patients with fludarabine-refractory CLL with bulky (> 5 cm) lymphadenopathy (BF-ref) who are less suitable for alemtuzumab treatment; these groups have poor outcomes with available salvage regimens. Ofatumumab (HuMax-CD20) is a human monoclonal antibody ...
McDonald V V Haemostasis Research Unit, University College London Department of Haematology, London, UK. - - 2010
Increasingly, patients with acute, idiopathic, antibody mediated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) are being treated with rituximab to achieve a durable remission, however, there is the potential that it is removed by plasma exchange (PEX). To look at the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of rituximab in patients with acute idiopathic TTP undergoing ...
Kato H H Department of Hematology and Cell Therapy, Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya, - - 2010
Clinical significance of delayed-onset neutropenia (DON) after autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) has not been well described. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine risk factors and clinical impact of DON. Subjects were consecutive 108 patients with B-cell lymphoma receiving ASCT. We defined DON as absolute neutrophil counts <1.0 ...
Tazawa Ryushi - - 2010
Inhaled granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a promising therapy for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) but has not been adequately studied. To evaluate safety and efficacy of inhaled GM-CSF in patients with unremitting or progressive PAP. We conducted a national, multicenter, self-controlled, phase II trial at nine pulmonary centers throughout Japan. ...
Mandegary A A Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2010
Promising reports exist regarding the use of arsenic trioxide (ATO) as first-line treatment in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Although the in vitro effect of ATO is extensively studied, the in vivo mechanism(s) of ATO action is mostly unknown. Newly diagnosed APL patients were involved and received ATO (0.15 mg.kg/day) for ...
Glezerman Ilya G - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is now an accepted long-term complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI), which are used for prophylaxis and treatment of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), have been associated with the development of nephrotoxicity. Hypertension (HTN) and thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) are 2 comorbidities linked to CKD. ...
Mizutani Shinsuke - - 2010
A 72-year-old male patient was initially diagnosed with essential thrombocythemia (ET), a Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph1(-)) chronic myeloproliferative disorder (CMPD), and was treated with hydroxyurea (HU). After 9 years of diagnosis of ET, his peripheral leukocytes gradually increased, while his platelet count showed a decrease. Bone marrow analysis disclosed Ph-positive chronic ...
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