Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 5078
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Forsaa Vegard Asgeir - - 2012
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of short-term non-supine positioning (NSP) and strict face-down positioning (FDP) in the repair of macular hole (MH). Methods:  We retrospectively reviewed all MH repairs over a 27-month period (2008-2010). Inclusion criteria were idiopathic full thickness stage 2-4 MH treated ...
Yazicioglu Hasan Fehmi - - 2012
Background/Aims: It was the aim of this study to determine if intraoperative digital dilatation of the closed internal cervical ostium affects the healing of the uterine scar after a cesarean section (CS). Methods: In this randomized, prospective study, 94 term pregnant patients who elected to have a CS were assigned ...
Gässler Holger - - 2012
AimIn special circumstances it may be necessary to transport out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with ongoing resuscitation to the hospital. External mechanical chest compression devices could be an alternative for these resuscitations. The study compares manual chest compression with external mechanical devices and a semiautomatic device in transport conditions using a ...
Piedade Sérgio Rocha - - 2012
PURPOSE: Bone surgery around the knee joint could represent a more traumatic prior surgical procedure compared to soft tissue knee surgery and may predispose to differing postoperative total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes. The objective of this study was to analyse the postoperative results as well as complications and failures in ...
Walner David L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the intraoperative and postoperative bleeding rate utilizing the Coblation device for total tonsillectomy in children. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively designed clinical study. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained to study patients undergoing Coblation tonsillectomy. Records of all children 1 to 18 years of age undergoing tonsillectomy or ...
Yılmaz Taner - - 2012
PURPOSE: Removal of benign vocal fold lesions results in small to moderate-sized mucosal defect on vocal fold, which heals by secondary intention. Microsuturing this defect leads to primary wound healing with fastened recovery and less scar. However, its value has not been determined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is prospective, randomized, ...
Bramer Sander - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: New-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication after cardiac surgery. We investigated the effect of POAF on quality of life after coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: All patients who underwent nonemergency coronary artery bypass grafting between March 2009 and January 2011 were requested to complete a Short ...
Lee Eun Ju - - 2012
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disease worldwide, with many available treatment modalities, including oral and topical medications and laser therapy. Recently, a novel device (Isolaz, Pleasanton, CA, USA) that combines vacuum pressure and a broadband light source (400 nm to 1,200 nm) was developed for the treatment of ...
Na Se Young - - 2012
Recently, low fluence collimated Q-switched (QS) Nd:YAG laser has drawn attention for the treatment of melasma. However, it needs a lot of treatment sessions for the substantial results and repetitive laser exposures may end up with unwanted depigmentation. We evaluated the clinical effects and safety of the combinational treatment, using ...
Kim Yon Seon - - 2012
The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and evaluate the risk factors for hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy and to investigate how many parathyroid glands should be preserved to prevent postoperative hypocalcemia. From March 2007 to February 2011, a retrospective review of 866 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy ...
Park So Young - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical aspects of patients satisfying the Infectious Disease Society of America/American Thoracic Society (IDSA/ATS) minor severity criteria, focusing on their treatment response to empirical antibiotics. In total, 381 community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients who did not require mechanical ventilation or vasopressors at ...
Georgoff Patrick - - 2013
The optimal management of colon injury patients requiring damage control laparotomy (DCL) is controversial. The objective of this study was to assess the safety of colonic resection and anastomosis versus fecal diversion in trauma patients requiring DCL. Patients with traumatic colon injuries undergoing DCL between 2000 and 2010 were identified ...
Berenson Abbey B AB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA. - - 2012
The study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of two different interventions on oral contraception (OC) adherence and condom use. A total of 1,155 women 16-24 years of age requesting OC were randomized to receive either face-to-face behavioral counseling and education at their baseline clinic visit (C group; n=383) or ...
Yeoman Thomas F M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Various repair techniques have been reported for neglected tendo-Achilles rupture. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to prospectively investigate the impact of short flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer to the calcaneus for patients with neglected rupture secondary to trauma. METHODS: One surgeon operated on a series of patients with neglected tendo-Achilles ...
Zhang Hang - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate and compare the relation of the efficacy and clinical results of expansion open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) with different angles in lamina open-door. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: EOLP is currently the most widely adopted surgical treatment for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Although many long-term ...
Stott Carol - - 2012
PURPOSE:: We compared a standardized postoperative laxative protocol to laxatives provided on an ad hoc basis by the surgical team. SUBJECTS AND SETTING:: Forty-five patients who underwent colostomy surgery participated in the study. The research setting was 2 acute care facilities in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. METHODS:: A ...
Giordano Davide - - 2012
Background: Prophylactic central neck dissection (CND) has been proposed in the treatment of patients affected by papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with clinically negative neck lymph nodes. The procedure allows pathologic staging of lymph nodes of the central compartment and treatment of the micrometastases. Nevertheless, the morbidity that its routine use ...
Tavris Dale R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Two independent reports documented substantially higher operative mortality associated with transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) when used in isolation than that reported in the premarket clinical trials. To clarify the state of the art, this article assesses temporal trends in the use of TMR, short-term and long-term outcomes, and outcomes stratified ...
Yang Yunpeng - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical presentations, diagnosis, treatment modalities and prognosis of endometriosis in adolescents in China. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Data were collected from records of the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 1992-2010. PARTICIPANTS: This study consisted of 63 patients ≤20 years old with surgically diagnosed endometriosis. ...
Domeki Yasushi - - 2012
The physiological accumulation of fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) is common in medical examinations of the digestive tract conducted using FDG-positron emission tomography (PET). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on the physiological FDG accumulation in the digestive tract. A total of 130 ...
Ozyol Erhan - - 2012
To evaluate the relation between superior phacoemulsification incision and different steep axis on astigmatism outcomes. This prospective, randomized study comprised three groups each with 24 eyes with age-related cataracts and underwent 3.0 mm superior clear corneal incision (CCI). The three groups of the patients were divided by the location of the ...
Rondeau Nelly - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prevention of vasospasm is a challenging issue in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients and the objective is to compare high dobutamine-induced cardiac index (CI) and high norepinephrine-induced hypertension for the prevention of vasospasm in SAH patients. METHODS: Single center, single blind, controlled randomized study. Patients hospitalized in intensive care unit ...
Geron Silvia - - 2012
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the stability of treatment outcomes of adult anterior open bite (AOpB) cases, treated non-surgically, using a conservative approach with lingual orthodontics (LO). Thirty-nine adult AOpB patients consecutively treated by one operator (SG), with Ormco™ Generation 7 LO brackets and a ...
Akarsu Selim - - 2012
Background: It is difficult for the lower limb amputee patients to adapt to their new lifestyles.Objective: To compare the life quality and functionality of patients with bilateral vs. unilateral lower extremity amputations.Study Design: Cross-sectional study.Methods: Fifteen bilateral and 15 unilateral lower extremity amputee patients were enrolled. Demographics, cause and level ...
Yeoh Eric K - - 2012
PURPOSE: To characterize the prevalence, pathophysiology, and natural history of chronic radiation proctitis 5 years following radiation therapy (RT) for localized carcinoma of the prostate. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Studies were performed in 34 patients (median age 68 years; range 54-79) previously randomly assigned to either 64 Gy in 32 fractions ...
Hua Xiaolin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) applications in the treatment of benign cervical ectopy. METHODS: Symptomatic women with benign cervical ectopy (n=120) were randomized to a PRP or a laser group. In the PRP group, PRP was applied twice on the cervical erosion with a 1-week ...
Chen Yen-Lin - - 2012
Acute gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is a life-threatening abdominal emergency and can be treated by transarterial embolization (TAE). Rehemorrhage and poor outcome are associated with several clinical factors. This study investigated the clinical and angiographic parameters associated with treatment failure for patients with acute GIB undergoing TAE. Sixty-seven patients who had ...
Lee Yi-An - - 2012
To compare the long-term results of the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with or without intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injections for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series. We included 69 eyes of 69 patients with macula-involved polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. All patients were followed up for more than 2 years. ...
Lee Ha Young - - 2012
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of pelvic arterial embolization (PAE) for the treatment of primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and to determine the factors associated with clinical outcomes. This retrospective single-center study was institutional review board approved, and informed consent was waived. Outcomes were analyzed in 251 patients who underwent ...
Yoshida Go G Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hamamatsu Medical Center, 328 Tomizuka-cho Naka-ku, Hamamatsu-city, Shizuoka 432-8580, Japan. - - 2012
Literature has described a risk for subsequent vertical subluxation (VS) and subaxial subluxation (SAS) following atlantoaxial subluxation in rheumatoid patients; however, the interaction of each subluxation and the radiographic findings for atlantoaxial fixation has not been described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different ...
De Martino Randall R RR Section of Vascular Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA. - - 2012
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a quality measure recorded by initiatives such as the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). However, because surveillance-detected DVT rates may be higher than symptomatic DVT rates, we examined how differences in the method of DVT detection may affect the use of this quality measure. ...
Sagalovich Daniel - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Although high risk prostate cancer patients are most vulnerable to lymph node invasion, the definition of an extended pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) for this cohort has remained vague. Additionally, ...
Faria Silvia Leite - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is an effective tool for long-term weight loss. Mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of such surgery might result not only from the anatomic changes due to the procedure, but also from favorable changes in energy metabolism. Our objective was to evaluate the respiratory quotient (RQ), ...
Kabasawa Yuhji - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical results of bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) with the use of monocortical locking plate or bicortical screw fixation. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-five patients underwent BSSRO for prognathism, using either monocortical locking plate (group A; n = 28) or bicortical screw ...
Lion Alexis - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Cross-sectional study.Objective. To determine if adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) at onset is associated with oculomotor dysfunction and if these oculomotor anomalies are correlated to the amplitude of the spine deformation.Summary of Background Data. AIS is related to abnormalities of postural control. So far few studies focused on ...
Montano-Pedroso Juan Carlos - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty, the treatment for abdominal wall deformity stemming from weight loss after bariatric surgery, can cause postoperative anemia. Moreover, bariatric surgery has been associated with iron deficiency, which by itself can compromise erythropoiesis. The objective of this research is to describe the development of anemia after postbariatric abdominoplasty. METHODS: ...
Radwan Yasser A - - 2012
PURPOSE: A lot of procedures were described for managing hallux valgus deformity. Percutaneous metatarsal osteotomies have received increasing recognition in the previous decade. The proposed benefits revolve primarily around the shorter surgical time, lower incidence of complications, and higher patient satisfaction. However, there is insufficient evidence to determine whether this ...
Hamilton David - - 2012
PURPOSE: The comparative outcome of primary hip and knee arthroplasty is not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the outcome and satisfaction of these procedures and determine predictive models for 1 year patient outcome with a view to informing surgical management and patient expectations. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study ...
Lee Jeong Kyu - - 2012
The upper lacrimal canaliculus consists of a tubular structure, and the tensile properties which in lacrimal tissues might contribute to structural integrity and tear drainage. We evaluated the characteristics of the tensile properties of the upper lacrimal canaliculi and the clinical implications of using a mitomycin C (MMC)-treated rabbit model. ...
Semmler Alexander - - 2012
In this observational study, we analyzed the long-term neuromuscular deficits of survivors of critical illness. Intensive care unit-acquired muscular weakness (ICU-AW) is a very common complication of critical illness. Critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) and critical illness myopathy (CIM) are two main contributors to ICU-AW. ICU-AW is associated with an increased ...
Liu Wei-Song - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the efficacy of microbubbles in transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD)-assisted urokinase thrombolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male New Zealand white rabbits (N=32) were randomly divided into 2 groups, a urokinase group and a combined urokinase plus microbubble group. The middle cerebral artery (MCA) was occluded by injecting autologous blood ...
Nishiwaki Shinji S Department of Internal Medicine, Nishimino Kosei Hospital, Gifu 503-1394, Japan. - - 2012
To evaluate the inhibitory effects of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation on pneumoperitoneum and bowel distension after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). A total of 73 consecutive patients who were undergoing PEG were enrolled in our study. After eliminating 13 patients who fitted our exclusion criteria, 60 patients were randomly assigned to ...
Youn Young Hoon YH Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 135-720, South Korea. - - 2012
To evaluate whether weekend or nighttime admission affects prognosis of peptic ulcer bleeding despite early endoscopy. Retrospective data collection from four referral centers, all of which had a formal out-of-hours emergency endoscopy service, even at weekends. A total of 388 patients with bleeding peptic ulcers who were admitted via the ...
Razmjou Helen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This prospective longitudinal study compared clinical and radiologic outcomes of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) using 3 different prosthetic designs, the Neer II system, the Bigliani-Flatow (BF), and a stemless prosthesis, the Total Evolutive Shoulder System (TESS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral joint who underwent ...
Gowan Richard A - - 2012
The study sought to examine the effect of long-term meloxicam treatment on the survival of cats with and without naturally-occurring, chronic kidney disease at the initiation of therapy. The databases of two feline-only clinics were searched for cats older than 7 years that had been treated continuously with meloxicam for ...
Chirica Mircea - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Surgery is the criterion standard for the treatment of severe burns and of late sequels after ingestion of corrosive agents, but long-term outcome is unknown. METHODS:: Patients who underwent surgery between 1987 and 2006, for the treatment of severe caustic burns (group I, n = 268) or of late ...
Arauz A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and predictors of ischaemic recurrent stroke and the adverse events of antithrombotic therapy in patients with first intra- or extracranial vertebral artery dissection (VAD) who were treated with aspirin or oral anticoagulation (OA). METHODS: A 21-year database of consecutive patients with confirmed diagnoses ...
Evarestov R A - - 2012
Rod groups (monoperiodic subgroups of the 3-periodic space groups) are considered as a special case of the commensurate line groups (discrete symmetry groups of the three-dimensional objects translationally periodic along a line). Two different factorizations of line groups are considered: (1) The standard L = T(a)F used in crystallography for ...
Giordano Raffaele - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We conducted a retrospective study of cyanotic and acyanotic patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass to determine the effect of tranexamic acid on blood loss and blood products administered during the operation in pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2011, during 2 different periods, a total of 231 ...
Gabbe Belinda J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate recovery after major trauma over a 24-month time frame. BACKGROUND:: Measuring disability after injury is seen as increasingly important but requires knowledge not only of the measures that should be implemented but also of the critical time points for follow-up. METHODS:: Six hundred sixty-two adult major trauma ...
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