Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 5082
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Oztürk Ozmen - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this prospective and randomized study was to compare patients who underwent curettage adenoidectomy (CA) or transoral power-assisted endoscopic adenoidectomy (PAEA) performed as isolated procedures by a single surgeon over a period of 7 years. The success of an adenoidectomy has been evaluated by assessing the amount ...
Postigo R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been demonstrated to be highly effective for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, the best route of administration has not been established. We present a pooled analysis of the reported cases of CDI treated with FMT via colonoscopy or nasogastric tube ...
Sezai Akira - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We previously performed a trial of intravenous landiolol hydrochloride during and after cardiac surgery (the PASCAL trial) and demonstrated a preventive effect on postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of increasing the dose and administration period of landiolol for prevention of postoperative AF, ...
Del Campo Laura Cejudo Díaz - - 2012
Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography during the implantation of the CoreValve percutaneous aortic prosthesis and the influence of the learning curve in its indications. Methods: From April 2008 to January 2010, 53 patients were treated for symptomatic severe aortic ...
Kumar Anup - - 2012
Introduction:Photoselective vaporization of prostate has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative to transurethral resection of prostate for treatment of benign prostate enlargement with lower urinary tract symptoms.Very few prospective studies have addressed the effect of PVP on sexual function.We performed this prospective study to assess the short term effect of ...
Seo Eun Hee - - 2012
GOALS AND BACKGROUND:: Colonoscopy with consecutive esophagogastroduodenoscopy (CCEGD) can be more convenient than performing each procedure individually. There has been no randomized controlled trial comparing carbon dioxide (CO2) versus air insufflations during CCEGD in sedated patients. CO2 insufflation instead of air during CCEGD may reduce abdominal pain and be more ...
Koyama Takashi - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate whether short-duration adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy improves cardiac function in heart failure (HF) patients. Methods and Results: Consecutive HF patients (n=86) were divided into 3 groups: group A, ASV for a mean of ≥4h; group B, ASV for ≥1 to <4h per day; ...
Minato Takuya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) and CD44 act as important biomarkers in several solid tumors. However, few studies have examined the relationships between ALDH1 expression and the prognosis and clinical characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: This study was a retrospective case-control study and included 152 patients with ...
Fournier Roxane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the effectiveness of perineural clonidine used as an adjuvant to local anesthetics. This study investigated whether the addition of 150 μg clonidine to 0.5% levobupivacaine used for posterior sciatic nerve block would prolong the duration of analgesia. METHODS: This double-blind, prospective trial compared the analgesic ...
Lee Seok - - 2012
Background and Aim:  Though angiographic embolization (AE) is a type of effective treatment modality for duodenal ulcer bleeding, the optimum time at which to perform the procedure, early or delayed, is unknown. The authors compared the prognosis of early AE (EAE) and delayed AE (DAE) in patients with duodenal ulcer ...
Massoud Abdel Hakim A - - 2012
Perilunate injuries are complex and occasionally go unrecognized acutely. Open reduction and internal fixation is a valid treatment option for these injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome of treating chronic perilunate injuries with open reduction and internal fixation. Between 1998 and 2007, we treated ...
Carmont Michael R MR The Princess Royal Hospital, Telford, TF1 6TF, UK. - - 2013
The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) was developed because of the need for a reliable, valid and sensitive instrument to evaluate symptoms and their effects on physical activity in patients following either conservative or surgical management of an Achilles tendon rupture. Prior to using the score in larger randomized ...
Rosato Francesco - - 2012
The comparison of hemodilution at the end of surgery is of limited use as it represents only a snapshot of a dynamic phenomenon. This study was undertaken to compare the perioperative hemoglobin curves of isolated coronary artery bypass grafting performed with minimized extracorporeal circulation, traditional cardiopulmonary bypass, and off-pump technique. ...
Windyga J - - 2012
Inherited factor VII (FVII) deficiency is a rare coagulation disorder with variable haemorrhagic manifestations. In severely affected cases spontaneous haemarthroses leading to advanced arthropathy have been observed. Such cases may require surgery. Therapeutic options for bleeding prevention in FVII deficient patients undergoing surgery comprise various FVII preparations but the use ...
Kathrins Bess - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Day rehabilitation (DR) is emerging in the United States as an alternative postacute rehabilitation setting. There have been no published studies focused on the efficacy of DR for a postacute orthopedic population. This study investigated the efficacy of DR as an alternative to inpatient skilled nursing facility (SNF) status ...
Zein Hagir A M - - 2012
Complete cure of mycetoma is difficult to achieve and recurrence is common. The study objective was to determine the predictors of cure, amputation and follow-up dropout among the studied individuals with mycetoma. This prospective study included 1544 patients with confirmed mycetoma, of whom 1242 had eumycetoma and 302 actinomycetoma. They ...
Yim Ji-Hyeon - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes including return to recreational activities (cycling, swimming, exercise walking, dancing, jogging, and mountain climbing) after opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Clinical outcomes were assessed using Tegner activity scores, ranges of motion, and Lysholm knee scores. ...
Kovács Csaba - - 2012
The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of sulphurous water in patients with osteoarthritis of the hand. Forty-seven patients with osteoarthritis of the hand were enrolled into the double-blind, randomized, controlled study, satisfying ACR criteria. One group of the patients (n = 24) received balneotherapy, bathing in sulphurous thermal ...
Ghahiry Ata - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of the present study was to evaluate pelvic adhesions, dehiscence and chronic pelvic pain in two groups of patients who underwent different cesarean section (CS) operations. Material and Methods:  One hundred and twelve eligible patients who met our criteria were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 ...
Ferrante Maurizio - - 2012
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the control of pain, swelling, and trismus associated with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars. Thirty patients were randomized into two treatment groups, each with 15 patients-group test (LLLT) and a group ...
Kim Eui Hyun - - 2012
Symptomatic cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) is very rare compared with vasospasm resulting from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Fewer than six cases documented by cerebral angiography have been reported. We evaluated the records of 15 patients in whom SAH developed after TSS. Their clinical symptoms, radiological and laboratory ...
Bruyère O - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a prospective study with 7 years of follow-up in 49 consecutive patients who underwent a total joint replacement because of osteoarthritis. METHODS: Generic HRQOL was assessed with the short-form 36 (SF-36) and specific HRQOL with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis ...
Sitthinamsuwan Bunpot - - 2012
Background: The authors used selective peripheral neurotomy (SPN) on the sciatic and obturator nerves to restore the sitting posture and ambulation in bedridden patients suffering from severe proximal lower limb spasticity. Objective: To study the surgical outcome of sciatic and obturator neurotomies. Methods: All patients with refractory hamstring spasticity who ...
Huff N K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sea buckthorn berries (Hippophae rhamnoides) are rich in vitamin C and E, carotenoids, flavonoids, fatty acids, plant sterols, lignans, and minerals. A feed supplement containing sea buckthorn berries might have efficacy in treatment and prevention of gastric ulcers in horses. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of a commercially available ...
Chi Xiaohui - - 2012
In the current study, we assessed and evaluated the costs and benefits of three popular methods of general anesthesia practiced in our department for gynecological laparoscopic surgery in recent years. Sixty adult female patients who underwent elective gynecological laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia were randomly divided into three groups: group ...
Rai Ansaar T - - 2012
Background and purposeWe compared outcomes between endovascular (EV) therapy and intravenous (IV) thrombolysis in large vessel strokes.Methods223 patients who had received either IV (n=100) or EV (n=123) therapy were analyzed. Only patients with strokes involving the internal carotid artery terminus (ICA-T, n=45), the middle cerebral artery (M1, n=107) or the ...
van Lümig Paula P M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A problem encountered when analyzing long-term efficacy is that the number of patients in follow-up decreases with time for different reasons. The method used to account for missing observations for the therapy under analysis has a great influence on the inference of efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term efficacy ...
Aoki Takaya T Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo 104-0045, - - 2012
To determine the effective hospitalization period as the clinical pathway to prepare patients for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). This is a retrospective observational study which included 189 patients consecutively treated by ESD at the National Cancer Center Hospital from May 2007 to March 2009. Patients were divided into 2 groups; ...
Nguyen Huy V HV Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, - - 2013
Vasoactive medications improve hemodynamics after cardiac surgery but are associated with high metabolic and arrhythmic burdens. The vasoactive-inotropic score was developed to quantify vasoactive and inotropic support after cardiac surgery in pediatric patients but may be useful in adults as well. Accordingly, we examined the time course of this score ...
Abdellah Mohamad Sayed - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of tricholoroacetic acid for the treatment of dysfunctional uterine bleeding using topical versus intrauterine instillation. STUDY DESIGN: In a pilot prospective randomized clinical trial, seventy women were randomly allocated to one of two groups. In Group I, ...
Bø Kari - - 2012
AIMS: There is level 1, grade A evidence that pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) is effective in treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), but long-term outcome has been questioned. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the long-term outcome of PFMT for female SUI. METHODS: Computerized search on ...
Cheng Hao-Tsai - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is a late complication of advanced gastric, pancreatic, and duodenal cancer. Palliative treatment of the obstruction is the main aim of therapy for these patients. Self-expandable metal stents are used for treating GOO. From our experience, the placement of the stent across the pylorus is ...
Vale Fernando L - - 2012
Epilepsy surgery is an effective treatment for medically resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). To minimize complication rates and potentially improve neuropsychology outcomes, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been explored as an alternative. Two pilot trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of SRS for the treatment of medically resistant TLE, with seizure-free outcomes ...
van der Zwaal Peer - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of all-arthroscopic repair of degenerative subscapularis tendon tears and post-operative structural integrity using magnetic resonance imaging with a short-term follow-up. METHODS: Twenty-one patients were treated all-arthroscopically for a full-thickness degenerative subscapularis tendon tear. Median patient age was 55 years ...
Berrevoet F - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of negative pressure therapy for superficial and deep mesh infections after ventral and incisional hernia repair by a prospective monocentric observational study. METHODS: During a 6-year period, 724 consecutive open ventral and incisional hernia repairs were performed. Pre- and intraoperative data as well as postoperative ...
Miyamoto Katsutoshi - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the time-dependent changes of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to determine the risk factors for the new onset of a postoperative eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2). Patients and Methods: We assessed the renal function ...
Sun Wei-Hui - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of a 6 and 12 mo lifestyle modification intervention in nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) in Chengyang District of Qingdao. Participants with NAFLD who had resided in Chengyang District for more than 5 years were enrolled in this study. After the 6 and 12 mo lifestyle ...
Boshuisen Kim K Department of Child Neurology, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, - - 2012
Postoperative antiepileptic drug (AED) withdrawal practices remain debatable and little is known about the optimum timing. We hypothesised that early AED withdrawal does not affect long-term seizure outcome but allows identification of incomplete surgical success earlier than late withdrawal. We aimed to assess the relation between timing of AED withdrawal ...
Sağsen Burak - - 2012
The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficiencies of different irrigation solutions in the removal of calcium hydroxide (CH). Forty-eight maxillary central incisor teeth were used. Root canals were prepared with the ProTaper system (Dentsply Maillefer, Baillagues, Switzerland). Five milliliters 2% NaOCl, 5 mL 17% EDTA, and 10 ...
Chuang Tai-Yuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND:In a single arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tears with a stiff shoulder, closed manipulation with or without arthroscopic capsular release has been combined with the repair. Few studies have reported functional results after this surgery, and a clinical comparison has not been reported. PURPOSE:To compare functional outcomes with and ...
Malkoc Ercan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The dorsal nerve block of the penis during circumcision has not been standardized and the effectiveness of the block can be changeable. The aim of this study was to determine which technique is more suitable for blocking sensory innervations of penis. METHODS: This prospective study was done on adults ...
Cruz Fernando - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess if an antiseptic pomade could reduce the bacterial colonization on multifilament sutures. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 40 volunteer patients of both sexes aged 18-70, randomly separated into experimental (n = 20) and control (n = 20) ...
Ochi Ayami - - 2012
PURPOSE: To the best of our knowledge, no study has compared intermittent steroid pulse therapy, according to Pozzi's regimen, with versus without tonsillectomy. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort analysis, we compared clinical findings, histological findings according to the Oxford classification, and complete remission rates (RR), defined in terms of urinary ...
Lobetti Remo - - 2012
Although cardiac pathology and consequently elevated serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) have been reported, clinically it remains difficult to diagnose cardiac involvement in canine babesiosis. Thus the use of cardiac biomarkers would be useful in determining if a dog with babesiosis also has concurrent cardiac dysfunction. The objectives of this ...
Dixon Benjamin J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Advanced image-guidance systems allowing presentation of three-dimensional navigational data in real time are being developed enthusiastically for many medical procedures. Other industries, including aviation and the military, have noted that shifting attention toward such compelling assistance has detrimental effects. Using the detection rate of unexpected findings, we assess whether ...
Zelig Craig M - - 2012
Objective Determine the Bishop score most predictive of induction of labor (IOL) success for different maternal weight groups.Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Prospectively collected database utilized to determine the optimum Bishop score within each prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) category of term, nulliparous patients undergoing IOL.Results For the total group ...
Lee Yin-Mei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is no satisfactory treatment for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The Bioenterics intragastric balloon (BIB) can be an effective treatment for weight reduction in obese patients. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of the BIB in improving the histology of NASH in obese patients. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. ...
Deakin Charles D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several different biphasic waveforms are used clinically, but few studies have compared their efficacy. The two main waveforms are the biphasic rectilinear (BR) and biphasic truncated exponential (BTE) waveforms, both of which have important differences, particularly at the extremes of transthoracic impedance. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of two ...
Brar Tripti - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: The time-tested, readily available, and cost-effective Teflon® piston continues to have equivocal results to the newer Nitinol piston. Objective: To compare hearing outcome using a Nitinol versus Teflon piston in stapes surgery and to ascertain the feasibility of using the Nitinol piston. Methods: Forty patients between 18 and ...
Resorlu Berkan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic factors associated with the treatment efficacy of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and develop a scoring system for predicting the stone-free rate after this surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 207 patients who underwent RIRS for renal stones between January 2009 and September 2011. ...
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