Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 5082
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Syed Fahad A - - 2012
Basilic vein transpositions (BVTs) provide autologous hemodialysis access in the upper extremity. We report and compare our experience using the two techniques that are commonly performed to create BVTs: the one-stage and the two-stage technique. A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent BVT from June 2006 to June ...
Carlson Michelle G - - 2012
Elbow flexion posture, caused by spasticity of the muscles on the anterior surface of the elbow, is the most common elbow deformity seen in patients with cerebral palsy. This study retrospectively evaluated early results of 2 surgical interventions for elbow flexion deformities based on degree of contracture. We hypothesized that ...
Abedi Gholamreza - - 2012
To use fascia lata instead of pericardium and observe the presence of adhesions. Twenty rabbits were divided into two group of ten. In group A, a 1×1 cm segment of pericardium was excised and resutured. In group B excised pericardium was substituted for autologous fascia lata. In the comparison of ...
Cho Sung Yong - - 2012
To investigate 3-year postoperative results of photoselective vaporization of the prostate using the 120W GreenLight High Performance System photoselective vaporization of the prostate (HPS-PVP) for treating benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) >30 mL. Records of 68 of 85 men who underwent HPS-PVP and were followed up for 3 years were analyzed ...
Solomon Michal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: New World cutaneous leishmaniasis is mostly acquired in the Amazon Basin of Bolivia where L viannia (V) braziliensis is endemic. Treatment with systemic pentavalent antimonial compounds has been shown to be effective in achieving clinical cure in only 75% of cases. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the efficacy and ...
Balaram Sandhya K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported our 3-step repair for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) consisting of resection of the septum, horizontal plication of the anterior mitral leaflet (AML), and release of abnormal papillary muscle attachments. This article reviews our complete experience with surgical management of HCM to better understand the role ...
Aissaoui Younes - - 2012
Tracheal intubation without administration of a neuromuscular blocking drug is used frequently in anaesthesia. Several techniques and adjuvants have been tried to improve intubating conditions. Magnesium sulphate is an agent with analgesic, anaesthetic and muscle relaxant effects. To assess the effect of magnesium sulphate on intubating conditions after induction of ...
Nagele Peter - - 2012
Abnormal cardiac repolarization, indicated by a prolongation of the QT interval, increases the risk for torsades de pointes, a potentially life-threatening arrhythmia. Many perioperatively administered drugs and conditions prolong the QT interval. Despite several reports of perioperative torsades de pointes, systematic evidence regarding perioperative QT interval prolongation is limited. Serial ...
Titos-Arcos José Carlos - - 2012
The goal of the present study was to determine whether the intravenous administration of iron in the postoperative period of colon cancer surgical patients suffices to reduce the number of transfusions necessary. The study was designed as a retrospective observational study conducted over a three-year period. A paired case-control design ...
Yaman E - - 2012
To compare the clinical and radiographic success rates of two vital pulpotomy agents: formocresol (FC) and Ankaferd Blood Stopper(®) (ABS), in primary molars during a 12-month follow-up period. A randomised, single-blind study design was used in a sample of 30 healthy 6-9 year old children with 60 carious primary molars ...
Spaans Anne J - - 2012
There is growing interest in minimally invasive surgery techniques in total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this study, we investigated the learning curve and the early complications of the direct anterior approach in hip replacement. In the period January through December 2010, THA was performed in 46 patients for primary osteoarthritis, ...
Emil Sherif - - 2012
Outcomes of gastroschisis are influenced by associated intestinal complications. We present a detailed analysis of complex gastroschisis. A retrospective study of all patients with gastroschisis treated at 2 university neonatal intensive care units between January 1, 2001, and March 31, 2007, was performed. Of 83 patients, 19 (23%) had complex ...
Radcliff Kristen - - 2012
The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) is a prospective, multicenter study of operative versus nonoperative treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. It has been suggested that epidural steroid injections may help improve patient outcomes and lower the rate of crossover to surgical treatment. One hundred and fifty-four patients included ...
Miller Robert Austin - - 2012
: Syringomyelia is a known sequela of Chiari I malformations in children. Syringomyelia can lead to myelopathy and scoliosis. Surgery is generally recommended for Chiari I malformations found in conjunction with syringomyelia. Theories about the mechanism of syrinx formation in Chiari I malformation abound. This study was designed to identify ...
Liu Hua - - 2012
To determine whether immune-enhanced enteral nutrition (EN) was effective on nutritional status, immune function, surgical outcomes and days of hospitalization after total gastrectomy for patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). From August 2005 to May 2011, 78 patients with AGC who underwent a total gastrectomy were enrolled and divided randomly ...
Weber Cynthia E - - 2012
Recent randomized studies comparing outcomes after pneumatic dilation (PD) and laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for the treatment of achalasia are conflicting and limited to short-term follow-up. Our meta-analysis compared the long-term durability of these approaches, with the hypothesis that LHM offers superior long-term remission compared with PD. We identified 36 ...
Ishii Katsushi - - 2012
Synovectomy is an effective procedure for management of the rheumatoid elbow at radiographically early stages (Larsen grades 1 and 2). However, its efficacy for advanced stages (Larsen grades 3-5) is controversial. We investigated the outcome of synovectomy for advanced stages of the rheumatoid elbow. Between May 1985 and September 1994, ...
Kil Hae K - - 2012
This prospective, randomized, and observer-blinded study was performed to evaluate the effects of oral chloral hydrate on perioperative psychological and behavioral phenomena in children. In total, 100 boys (age, 1-5 years) scheduled for day-case unilateral orchiopexy were randomly allocated into 2 groups and orally administered either 40 mg/kg of chloral ...
Hewett David G - - 2012
Polyps seen and not removed during colonoscope insertion are sometimes unable to be found during withdrawal. To investigate the impact of additional inspection during instrument insertion on adenoma detection in sedated patients undergoing routine screening or surveillance colonoscopy. Randomized, controlled trial. University hospital and associated ambulatory surgery center. Patients undergoing ...
Kim Ji Soo JS Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul, - - 2012
To determine the immediate and long-term therapeutic efficacies of barbecue rotation and Gufoni maneuvers, a randomized, prospective, and sham-controlled study was conducted in patients with the geotropic type of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the horizontal semicircular canal (HC-BPPV). In 10 nationwide dizziness clinics in Korea, 170 consecutive patients (107 ...
Lee Hyoyeon - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to use cone-beam computed tomography to compare mandibular dimensions in subjects with asymmetric skeletal Class III malocclusion and those with normal occlusion. Cone-beam computed tomography scans of 38 subjects with normal occlusion and 28 patients with facial asymmetry were evaluated and digitized with Invivo ...
Radwan Mohamed - - 2012
The purpose of this review is to evaluate different techniques in urinary diversion and urethral stenting in hypospadias surgery. The surgical procedure included 192 tubularized incised plate (TIP) repairs for distal penile hypospadias. The patients were prospectively randomized into three groups: In group A, a urethral catheter was used as ...
Romao Rodrigo L P - - 2012
Prosthetic patches are widely used for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair. We compared the complication rate of absorbable (Surgisis [SIS]; Cook Biotech, Inc, West Lafayette, IN) and nonabsorbable (polytetrafluoroethylene [PTFE]) materials for this purpose. This is a retrospective review of all neonates with CDH undergoing patch closure at our institution ...
Swanson Eric E Swanson Center, Leawood, KS 66211, USA. - - 2012
There are no published studies of liposuction or abdominoplasty in a large number of patients using measurements of body dimensions. In the absence of rigorous data, some investigators have proposed that fat returns after liposuction. A prospective study was undertaken among predominantly nonobese consecutive patients undergoing 301 liposuction and abdominoplasty ...
Nikolić Bojan D - - 2012
Introduction: Delirium is a temporary mental disorder that frequently occurs among elderly hospitalized patients. Patients who undergo cardiac operations have an increased risk of postoperative delirium, which is associated with higher mortality and morbidity rates, a prolonged hospital stay, and reduced cognitive and functional recovery.Patients and Methods: In our prospective ...
Sun Jiehao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Magnesium can potentiate the antinociceptive effect of morphine. This prospective randomized double-blinded study was undertaken to establish the analgesic effect of adding magnesium to epidural morphine during cesarean section. METHODS: Two hundred patients undergoing cesarean section under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia were recruited. After administration of intrathecal bupivacaine 10mg, patients ...
Paulsen Aksel - - 2012
Feasibility is an important parameter when choosing which patient-reported outcomes (PRO) to use in a study. We assessed the feasibility of PROs in a hip registry setting. Primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients (n = 5,747) who had been operated on 1-2, 5-6, or 10-11 years previously were randomly selected ...
Shumaker Peter R - - 2012
Reports describing the use of ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR) for cosmetic improvements in skin dyschromia, rhytides, and textural irregularities are becoming increasingly common in the literature. However, the is little mention of its functional impact on patients with traumatic scars and scar contractures. We present our experience treating scars with ...
Li Ning - - 2012
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether single-incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (THA) is superior to conventional incision THA by comparing postoperative complication rates, Harris Hip Scores, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) scores. Randomized, controlled trials comparing single-incision minimally invasive THA and conventional ...
Costa Adilvania Ferreira da - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to perform an in vitro evaluation of the bactericidal action of a low-power arsenium-gallium (AsGa) laser at a wavelength of 904nm and energy density of 6 J/cm². Ten petri dishes were seeded with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and another ten with Staphylococcus aureus. The dishes ...
Takano Yuichi - - 2012
Although invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (PDAC) manifests as a relatively uniform histomorphological feature of the pancreatobiliary type, it may be complicated by metaplastic changes and heterogeneous gastric and intestinal elements. This study aimed to investigate the complication rate and clinicopathological significance of such heterogeneous elements. Fifty-nine patients who ...
Nutton R W - - 2012
This prospective randomised controlled double-blind trial compared two types of PFC Sigma total knee replacement (TKR), differing in three design features aimed at improving flexion. The outcome of a standard fixed-bearing posterior cruciate ligament-preserving design (FB-S) was compared with that of a high-flexion rotating-platform posterior-stabilised design (RP-F) at one year ...
Knupp Markus - - 2012
A known complication of the surgical treatment of clubfoot deformity is hindfoot valgus deformity of the ankle and/or the subtalar joint leading to calcaneofibular and/or anterior ankle impingement and flatfoot deformity. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the radiographic outcome, pain relief, and functional improvement in patients ...
Yang Dongjie - - 2012
Few clinical studies or randomized clinical trial results have reported the impact of fast-track surgery on human immunity. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and immune impact of fast-track surgery in colorectal cancer patients undergoing elective open surgery. A controlled randomized clinical trial was conducted from November 2008 to ...
Ohrlander T - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare preoperative patient evaluation by a vascular physician with a standardized workup protocol prior to elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), in terms of differences in patient medication and mortality. Consecutive patients with infrarenal AAA treated with standard EVAR ...
Karadimas Spyridon - - 2012
: While successful surgical intervention can arrest the progression of CSM, most patients are left with significant residual neurological impairment. Based on promising results in our laboratory implicating excitotoxic secondary injury in the pathobiology of CSM, we hypothesized that the sodium-glutamate blocker riluzole would provide complementary benefits to surgical decompression ...
Morgan Katherine A - - 2012
Total pancreatectomy with immediate islet autotransplantation (IAT) can be an effective therapy in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Patient selection criteria for radical resection are not well defined. The impact of prior pancreatic surgery on quality of life outcomes in patients undergoing IAT is evaluated. A retrospective review of a prospectively ...
Namikawa Tsutomu - - 2012
Proximal gastrectomy with jejunal pouch interposition (JPI) reconstruction has been advocated as a function-preserving surgery in patients with early gastric cancer located in the upper third of the stomach. This study clinically investigated 22 patients who underwent JPI reconstruction and 22 patients who underwent Roux-en-Y (RY) reconstruction after total gastrectomy ...
Zhang J J Department of Otolaryngology laser, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation with that of liquid paraffin plus antiseptic cream in the management of recurrent epistaxis. Prospective clinical study. Eighty consecutive patients with histories of recurrent epistaxis were randomly assigned to receive treatment in an outpatient setting consisting of either a combination of liquid ...
Nihara J - - 2012
This study investigated short- and long-term postoperative skeletal changes following intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) for mandibular prognathism, as determined from lateral cephalograms. The subjects were 20 patients with mandibular prognathism who had undergone surgical orthodontic treatment combined with IVRO. Lateral cephalograms were taken at six time points: 1 month ...
Magaji S A - - 2012
A total of 92 patients with symptoms for over six months due to subacromial impingement of the shoulder, who were being treated with physiotherapy, were included in this study. While continuing with physiotherapy they waited a further six months for surgery. They were divided into three groups based on the ...
Harada Kosaku - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for rectal bleeding after prostate brachytherapy. Between April 2005 and September 2009, 89 patients with T1c-2cN0M0 prostate cancer were treated with permanent I-125 seed implantation alone. The prostate prescription dose was 145 Gy, and the grade of rectal bleeding ...
Wang Yan-Bo - - 2012
Early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following thrombolysis may be beneficial in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were admitted at a non-PCI hospital. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the radial artery as a vascular route for early PCI following thrombolysis ...
Burgess Dm - - 2012
(1) To report whelping rates and litter sizes following coeliotomy-assisted intrauterine inseminations (CAII) performed commercially and (2) to identify factors that may influence these outcomes. Retrospective single cohort observational study. All oestrous cycles in bitches that presented to the study hospital for CAII between 1 January 2005 and 31 December ...
Todd Melanie A - - 2012
To examine the relationship between a pilot's flight hours and their performance. There is current debate in the aviation industry on the minimum hours required for first officers to gain before they can fly for an airline. Despite years of pilot training and licensing, there are very little data available ...
Hoffmann Martin F - - 2012
Recently, fixation of lateral compression (LC) pelvic fractures has been advocated to improve patient comfort and to allow earlier mobilization without loss of reduction, thus minimizing adverse systemic effects. However, the degree of acceptable deformity and persistence of disability are unclear. We determined if (1) injury pattern; (2) demographics; (3) ...
Kumar Anup - - 2012
Introduction:Photoselective vaporization of prostate has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative to transurethral resection of prostate for treatment of benign prostate enlargement with lower urinary tract symptoms.Very few prospective studies have addressed the effect of PVP on sexual function.We performed this prospective study to assess the short term effect of ...
Postigo R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been demonstrated to be highly effective for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, the best route of administration has not been established. We present a pooled analysis of the reported cases of CDI treated with FMT via colonoscopy or nasogastric tube ...
Lim Hong Chul - - 2012
PURPOSE: This cadaveric study assessed the relative role of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and popliteofibular ligament (PFL) in limiting tibia external rotation. METHODS: Eight paired cadaveric knees were divided into two groups. The specimens were mounted on a rotational wheel and 5 Nm external rotation torque was applied before and ...
Seo Eun Hee - - 2012
GOALS AND BACKGROUND:: Colonoscopy with consecutive esophagogastroduodenoscopy (CCEGD) can be more convenient than performing each procedure individually. There has been no randomized controlled trial comparing carbon dioxide (CO2) versus air insufflations during CCEGD in sedated patients. CO2 insufflation instead of air during CCEGD may reduce abdominal pain and be more ...
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