Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 5077
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Kil Hae K - - 2012
This prospective, randomized, and observer-blinded study was performed to evaluate the effects of oral chloral hydrate on perioperative psychological and behavioral phenomena in children. In total, 100 boys (age, 1-5 years) scheduled for day-case unilateral orchiopexy were randomly allocated into 2 groups and orally administered either 40 mg/kg of chloral ...
Burgess Dm - - 2012
(1) To report whelping rates and litter sizes following coeliotomy-assisted intrauterine inseminations (CAII) performed commercially and (2) to identify factors that may influence these outcomes. Retrospective single cohort observational study. All oestrous cycles in bitches that presented to the study hospital for CAII between 1 January 2005 and 31 December ...
Lee Jung Il - - 2012
A retrospective analysis was performed based on the medical records and imaging studies of 16 wrists (14 patients) with isolated partial intercarpal ligament tears (scapholunate ligament: 6 wrists, lunotriquetral ligament, 10 wrists) treated with arthroscopic debridement and thermal shrinkage. Three wrists had Geissler grade 1 tears and 13 wrists had ...
Namikawa Tsutomu - - 2012
Proximal gastrectomy with jejunal pouch interposition (JPI) reconstruction has been advocated as a function-preserving surgery in patients with early gastric cancer located in the upper third of the stomach. This study clinically investigated 22 patients who underwent JPI reconstruction and 22 patients who underwent Roux-en-Y (RY) reconstruction after total gastrectomy ...
Romao Rodrigo L P - - 2012
Prosthetic patches are widely used for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair. We compared the complication rate of absorbable (Surgisis [SIS]; Cook Biotech, Inc, West Lafayette, IN) and nonabsorbable (polytetrafluoroethylene [PTFE]) materials for this purpose. This is a retrospective review of all neonates with CDH undergoing patch closure at our institution ...
Hewett David G - - 2012
Polyps seen and not removed during colonoscope insertion are sometimes unable to be found during withdrawal. To investigate the impact of additional inspection during instrument insertion on adenoma detection in sedated patients undergoing routine screening or surveillance colonoscopy. Randomized, controlled trial. University hospital and associated ambulatory surgery center. Patients undergoing ...
Sun Jiehao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Magnesium can potentiate the antinociceptive effect of morphine. This prospective randomized double-blinded study was undertaken to establish the analgesic effect of adding magnesium to epidural morphine during cesarean section. METHODS: Two hundred patients undergoing cesarean section under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia were recruited. After administration of intrathecal bupivacaine 10mg, patients ...
Shen F-C - - 2012
Objective:  To use a meta-analysis approach to evaluate the efficacy and safety of purine analogues, azathioprine (AZA) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease (CD), as compared with mesalamine or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). Methods:  The Pubmed, Cochrane Library, and Embase literature databases were searched for ...
Mohanty Aaron - - 2012
: Of various management options for isolated fourth ventricle (IFV), fourth ventricular shunts (FVPS) and aqueductal stents (AST) have been the most favored. Though effective, 4th ventricular shunts are often difficult to place and are reported to have higher complication rates than conventional ventricular shunts. : Twenty-two patients (3 months ...
Schmiedt Chad W - - 2012
Case Description-A 1.5-year-old mixed-breed dog was examined because of a 1-month history of anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss. Clinical Findings-The dog was very thin on physical examination (body condition score, 3/9). Results of all diagnostic tests were within reference limits except intestinal thickening and lymphadenopathy were identified on abdominal ...
Aissaoui Younes - - 2012
Tracheal intubation without administration of a neuromuscular blocking drug is used frequently in anaesthesia. Several techniques and adjuvants have been tried to improve intubating conditions. Magnesium sulphate is an agent with analgesic, anaesthetic and muscle relaxant effects. To assess the effect of magnesium sulphate on intubating conditions after induction of ...
Magaji S A - - 2012
A total of 92 patients with symptoms for over six months due to subacromial impingement of the shoulder, who were being treated with physiotherapy, were included in this study. While continuing with physiotherapy they waited a further six months for surgery. They were divided into three groups based on the ...
Harada Kosaku - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for rectal bleeding after prostate brachytherapy. Between April 2005 and September 2009, 89 patients with T1c-2cN0M0 prostate cancer were treated with permanent I-125 seed implantation alone. The prostate prescription dose was 145 Gy, and the grade of rectal bleeding ...
Wang Yan-Bo - - 2012
Early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following thrombolysis may be beneficial in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were admitted at a non-PCI hospital. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the radial artery as a vascular route for early PCI following thrombolysis ...
Garrigues Grant E - - 2012
Rupture of the pectoralis major is an uncommon injury that can lead to pain, loss of strength, and cosmetic deformity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcome of pectoralis major repairs by a single surgeon.Twenty-four patients who underwent pectoralis major repair by the senior author (M.D.L.) between ...
Swanson Eric - - 2012
: There are no published studies of liposuction or abdominoplasty in a large number of patients using measurements of body dimensions. In the absence of rigorous data, some investigators have proposed that fat returns after liposuction. : A prospective study was undertaken among predominantly nonobese consecutive patients undergoing 301 liposuction ...
Toghraie Fatemehsadat - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis seen clinically. Current treatments for OA are limited to decreasing associated pain, maintaining or improving joint function, and minimizing disability. However, these treatments have no effect on the regeneration of hyaline cartilage. Since mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been described as ...
Radwan Mohamed - - 2012
The purpose of this review is to evaluate different techniques in urinary diversion and urethral stenting in hypospadias surgery. The surgical procedure included 192 tubularized incised plate (TIP) repairs for distal penile hypospadias. The patients were prospectively randomized into three groups: In group A, a urethral catheter was used as ...
Cho Sung Yong - - 2012
To investigate 3-year postoperative results of photoselective vaporization of the prostate using the 120W GreenLight High Performance System photoselective vaporization of the prostate (HPS-PVP) for treating benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) >30 mL. Records of 68 of 85 men who underwent HPS-PVP and were followed up for 3 years were analyzed ...
Kim Dong Chan - - 2012
Reoperation of cardiac surgery via median sternotomy can be associated with significant complications. Thoracotomy is expected to reduce the risk of reoperation and to enhance the surgical outcomes. We retrospectively analyzed two operative approaches (thoracotomy vs. sternotomy) in cardiac reoperation. From September 2007 to December 2010, 35 patients who required ...
Forbes Thomas L - - 2012
Failure of endovascular repair (EVAR) of an abdominal aortic aneurysm can result in significant risk of morbidity and mortality. We review our experience with late conversions to open repair. We conducted a retrospective database review to identify all EVAR procedures performed between 1997 and 2010 and the number converted to ...
Yang Dongjie - - 2012
Few clinical studies or randomized clinical trial results have reported the impact of fast-track surgery on human immunity. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and immune impact of fast-track surgery in colorectal cancer patients undergoing elective open surgery. A controlled randomized clinical trial was conducted from November 2008 to ...
Moghadam Morteza Jabbari - - 2012
Clonidine, an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, increases the quality of perioperative sedation and analgesia with a few side effects. This study was designed to assess the effect of clonidine premedication on the anesthesics used for elective below knee surgeries in opium abusers and non-abusers. In a randomized clinical trial, 160 patients ...
Misterska Ewa - - 2012
There are many factors influencing postoperative health-related quality of life of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients, including the degree of the deformity, culture, differences in geography, rural versus urban living environments, and social factors. The objective of this study was to analyze the significance of geographic factors and their differences influencing ...
Nieuwenhuijse Marc J - - 2012
As the number of young patients receiving total hip arthroplasty increases, bone-saving implantations facilitating possible future revision, such as the CUT femoral neck prosthesis, are gaining importance. There have been few medium-term results reported for this prosthesis, however, and its migration pattern has not been analyzed. 39 consecutive CUT femoral ...
Spaans Anne J - - 2012
There is growing interest in minimally invasive surgery techniques in total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this study, we investigated the learning curve and the early complications of the direct anterior approach in hip replacement. In the period January through December 2010, THA was performed in 46 patients for primary osteoarthritis, ...
Ishii Katsushi - - 2012
Synovectomy is an effective procedure for management of the rheumatoid elbow at radiographically early stages (Larsen grades 1 and 2). However, its efficacy for advanced stages (Larsen grades 3-5) is controversial. We investigated the outcome of synovectomy for advanced stages of the rheumatoid elbow. Between May 1985 and September 1994, ...
Paulsen Aksel - - 2012
Feasibility is an important parameter when choosing which patient-reported outcomes (PRO) to use in a study. We assessed the feasibility of PROs in a hip registry setting. Primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients (n = 5,747) who had been operated on 1-2, 5-6, or 10-11 years previously were randomly selected ...
Meuffels Duncan E - - 2012
The Dutch Orthopaedic Association has a long tradition of development of practical clinical guidelines. Here we present the recommendations from the multidisciplinary clinical guideline working group for anterior cruciate ligament injury. The following 8 clinical questions were formulated by a steering group of the Dutch Orthopaedic Association. What is the ...
Schoenfeld Andrew J - - 2012
Retrospective review of the data collected prospectively through the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT). To determine the effect that race or ethnicity had on outcomes after spine surgery in the 3 arms of SPORT. There is a dearth of research regarding the effect of race or ethnicity on outcome ...
Nagele Peter - - 2012
Abnormal cardiac repolarization, indicated by a prolongation of the QT interval, increases the risk for torsades de pointes, a potentially life-threatening arrhythmia. Many perioperatively administered drugs and conditions prolong the QT interval. Despite several reports of perioperative torsades de pointes, systematic evidence regarding perioperative QT interval prolongation is limited. Serial ...
Radcliff Kristen - - 2012
The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) is a prospective, multicenter study of operative versus nonoperative treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. It has been suggested that epidural steroid injections may help improve patient outcomes and lower the rate of crossover to surgical treatment. One hundred and fifty-four patients included ...
Hoffmann Martin F - - 2012
Recently, fixation of lateral compression (LC) pelvic fractures has been advocated to improve patient comfort and to allow earlier mobilization without loss of reduction, thus minimizing adverse systemic effects. However, the degree of acceptable deformity and persistence of disability are unclear. We determined if (1) injury pattern; (2) demographics; (3) ...
Shumaker Peter R - - 2012
Reports describing the use of ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR) for cosmetic improvements in skin dyschromia, rhytides, and textural irregularities are becoming increasingly common in the literature. However, the is little mention of its functional impact on patients with traumatic scars and scar contractures. We present our experience treating scars with ...
de Simone Vito - - 2012
The popliteus tendon is known to play a key role in the stability of the posterolateral corner of the knee. While prior work suggests that isolated sectioning of the popliteus tendon has little consequence for the static stability of the knee following TKA, no studies have evaluated the effect of ...
Wong Fergus F - - 2012
Exogenous collagen cross-linking has been investigated as method of reinforcing scleral biomechanics, with the goal of counteracting scleral weakening that occurs at the onset of myopia. This study uses whole globe inflation testing to investigate the biomechanical effect of treating posterior sclera with the collagen cross-linking agents methylglyoxal and genipin. ...
Sevick Mary Ann MA Pittsburgh Healthcare System and the School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh,230 McKee Pl, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2012
Behavioral research to improve lifestyle in broadly defined populations of patients with type 2 diabetes is limited. We evaluated a behavioral intervention featuring technology-based self-monitoring on biophysiologic outcomes of glycemic control and markers of cardiovascular risk. In this single-site, randomized clinical trial, participants were stratified by good and poor glycemic ...
Kim Ji Soo JS Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul, - - 2012
To determine the immediate and long-term therapeutic efficacies of barbecue rotation and Gufoni maneuvers, a randomized, prospective, and sham-controlled study was conducted in patients with the geotropic type of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the horizontal semicircular canal (HC-BPPV). In 10 nationwide dizziness clinics in Korea, 170 consecutive patients (107 ...
Zhang J J Department of Otolaryngology laser, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation with that of liquid paraffin plus antiseptic cream in the management of recurrent epistaxis. Prospective clinical study. Eighty consecutive patients with histories of recurrent epistaxis were randomly assigned to receive treatment in an outpatient setting consisting of either a combination of liquid ...
Citerio Giuseppe G Neuroanesthesia and Neurointensive Care Unit, Anestesia e Rianimazione, San Gerardo Hospital, via Pergolesi 33, Monza 20900, Milano, Italy. - - 2012
A clear preference for intravenous or inhalational anaesthesia has not been established for craniotomy in patients without signs of cerebral hypertension. The NeuroMorfeo trial was designed to test equivalence of inhalational and intravenous anaesthesia maintenance techniques in the postoperative recovery of patients undergoing elective supratentorial surgery. This trial is a ...
Wei Fangyuan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to evaluate the attenuation of osteoarthritic (OA) pathogenesis via disruption of the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/ C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) signaling with AMD3100 in guinea pig OA model. METHODS: OA chondrocytes and cartilage explants were incubated with SDF-1, siRNA CXCR4, or anti-CXCR4 ...
Lim Hong Chul - - 2012
PURPOSE: This cadaveric study assessed the relative role of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and popliteofibular ligament (PFL) in limiting tibia external rotation. METHODS: Eight paired cadaveric knees were divided into two groups. The specimens were mounted on a rotational wheel and 5 Nm external rotation torque was applied before and ...
Tokunaga Masanori - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) has been increasingly used for the treatment of early gastric cancer, and many advantages over open gastrectomy (OG) have been reported. However, only a few reports have assessed postoperative complications following LAG using the Clavien-Dindo classification. METHODS: A total of 265 patients who underwent distal gastrectomy ...
Sulyok I - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated beneficial immunological effects of fever-range whole-body hyperthermia (FR-WBH) as an adjunct to non-surgical cancer therapy. We conducted a study of preoperative FR-WBH in patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery to evaluate perioperative, hyperthermia-induced immunomodulation. The trial was conducted as a subject-blinded, controlled, randomized study. Subjects in the ...
Oztürk Ozmen - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this prospective and randomized study was to compare patients who underwent curettage adenoidectomy (CA) or transoral power-assisted endoscopic adenoidectomy (PAEA) performed as isolated procedures by a single surgeon over a period of 7 years. The success of an adenoidectomy has been evaluated by assessing the amount ...
Postigo R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been demonstrated to be highly effective for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, the best route of administration has not been established. We present a pooled analysis of the reported cases of CDI treated with FMT via colonoscopy or nasogastric tube ...
Sezai Akira - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We previously performed a trial of intravenous landiolol hydrochloride during and after cardiac surgery (the PASCAL trial) and demonstrated a preventive effect on postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF). In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of increasing the dose and administration period of landiolol for prevention of postoperative AF, ...
Del Campo Laura Cejudo Díaz - - 2012
Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography during the implantation of the CoreValve percutaneous aortic prosthesis and the influence of the learning curve in its indications. Methods: From April 2008 to January 2010, 53 patients were treated for symptomatic severe aortic ...
Kumar Anup - - 2012
Introduction:Photoselective vaporization of prostate has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative to transurethral resection of prostate for treatment of benign prostate enlargement with lower urinary tract symptoms.Very few prospective studies have addressed the effect of PVP on sexual function.We performed this prospective study to assess the short term effect of ...
Seo Eun Hee - - 2012
GOALS AND BACKGROUND:: Colonoscopy with consecutive esophagogastroduodenoscopy (CCEGD) can be more convenient than performing each procedure individually. There has been no randomized controlled trial comparing carbon dioxide (CO2) versus air insufflations during CCEGD in sedated patients. CO2 insufflation instead of air during CCEGD may reduce abdominal pain and be more ...
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