Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 5077
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Thomsen Morten G - - 2012
Between 2004 and 2009, the incidence of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in Denmark has almost doubled. It has been speculated that this increase may be a result of patients being operated on weaker indications. The purpose of this study was to compare preoperative degrees of osteoarthritis and health-related quality ...
Takano Yuichi - - 2012
Although invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (PDAC) manifests as a relatively uniform histomorphological feature of the pancreatobiliary type, it may be complicated by metaplastic changes and heterogeneous gastric and intestinal elements. This study aimed to investigate the complication rate and clinicopathological significance of such heterogeneous elements. Fifty-nine patients who ...
Lim H-C - - 2012
Medium-term survivorship of the Oxford phase 3 unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) has not yet been established in an Asian population. We prospectively evaluated the outcome of 400 phase 3 Oxford UKRs in 320 Korean patients with a mean age at the time of operation of 69 years (48 to 82). ...
Zhang Yun-Dong - - 2012
Objective: To elucidate the therapeutic effect of subtemporal decompressive craniotomy with large flap resection on serious craniocerebral injury associated with cerebral infarction. Methods: Forty-eight cases of serious head injury accompanied by cerebral infarction were classified into two groups with each having 24 cases: treatment group, in which large bone-flap decompressive ...
Ohrlander T - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare preoperative patient evaluation by a vascular physician with a standardized workup protocol prior to elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), in terms of differences in patient medication and mortality. Consecutive patients with infrarenal AAA treated with standard EVAR ...
Karadimas Spyridon - - 2012
: While successful surgical intervention can arrest the progression of CSM, most patients are left with significant residual neurological impairment. Based on promising results in our laboratory implicating excitotoxic secondary injury in the pathobiology of CSM, we hypothesized that the sodium-glutamate blocker riluzole would provide complementary benefits to surgical decompression ...
Titos-Arcos José Carlos - - 2012
The goal of the present study was to determine whether the intravenous administration of iron in the postoperative period of colon cancer surgical patients suffices to reduce the number of transfusions necessary. The study was designed as a retrospective observational study conducted over a three-year period. A paired case-control design ...
Miller Robert Austin - - 2012
: Syringomyelia is a known sequela of Chiari I malformations in children. Syringomyelia can lead to myelopathy and scoliosis. Surgery is generally recommended for Chiari I malformations found in conjunction with syringomyelia. Theories about the mechanism of syrinx formation in Chiari I malformation abound. This study was designed to identify ...
Laeeq Kulsoom - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To this date the effect of the time taken to complete an evaluation on the psychometric properties of the instrument has not been reported. The goal of our study was to assess the effect of time taken to complete an evaluation on its validity. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional validation study. ...
van Garsse Leen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the papillary muscle systolic dyssynchrony (DYS-PAP) using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in patients with chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (CIMR) showing different preoperative leaflet pattern and investigated the impact of baseline tethering pattern in the prediction of significant post-repair desynchronized papillary muscle contraction. METHODS: We recruited 152 ...
Gumina Stefano - - 2012
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair generally provides satisfactory results including decreased shoulder pain and improved shoulder motion. Unfortunately, imaging studies demonstrate that the retear rate associated with the available arthroscopic techniques may be high. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results of ...
Rai Anshul - - 2012
The intention of this study was to compare the efficacy of eyelet wiring and direct interdental (Gilmer) wiring for achieving intermaxillary fixation (IMF). This study was a prospective randomized clinical trial. The study sample was derived from the population of patients who underwent IMF at the Department of Oral and ...
Yaman E - - 2012
To compare the clinical and radiographic success rates of two vital pulpotomy agents: formocresol (FC) and Ankaferd Blood Stopper(®) (ABS), in primary molars during a 12-month follow-up period. A randomised, single-blind study design was used in a sample of 30 healthy 6-9 year old children with 60 carious primary molars ...
Emil Sherif - - 2012
Outcomes of gastroschisis are influenced by associated intestinal complications. We present a detailed analysis of complex gastroschisis. A retrospective study of all patients with gastroschisis treated at 2 university neonatal intensive care units between January 1, 2001, and March 31, 2007, was performed. Of 83 patients, 19 (23%) had complex ...
Carlson Michelle G - - 2012
Elbow flexion posture, caused by spasticity of the muscles on the anterior surface of the elbow, is the most common elbow deformity seen in patients with cerebral palsy. This study retrospectively evaluated early results of 2 surgical interventions for elbow flexion deformities based on degree of contracture. We hypothesized that ...
Abedi Gholamreza - - 2012
To use fascia lata instead of pericardium and observe the presence of adhesions. Twenty rabbits were divided into two group of ten. In group A, a 1×1 cm segment of pericardium was excised and resutured. In group B excised pericardium was substituted for autologous fascia lata. In the comparison of ...
Solomon Michal - - 2012
BACKGROUND: New World cutaneous leishmaniasis is mostly acquired in the Amazon Basin of Bolivia where L viannia (V) braziliensis is endemic. Treatment with systemic pentavalent antimonial compounds has been shown to be effective in achieving clinical cure in only 75% of cases. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the efficacy and ...
Balaram Sandhya K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported our 3-step repair for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) consisting of resection of the septum, horizontal plication of the anterior mitral leaflet (AML), and release of abnormal papillary muscle attachments. This article reviews our complete experience with surgical management of HCM to better understand the role ...
Mayer-Wagner Susanne - - 2012
Radiosynoviorthesis (RSO) has been established as a treatment modality for rheumatoid arthritis. Other forms of joint diseases like recurrent joint effusions after knee arthroplasties are under investigation. The aim of this study was to examine whether RSO therapy is effective in the application of an endoprosthesis and whether there are ...
Nikolić Bojan D - - 2012
Introduction: Delirium is a temporary mental disorder that frequently occurs among elderly hospitalized patients. Patients who undergo cardiac operations have an increased risk of postoperative delirium, which is associated with higher mortality and morbidity rates, a prolonged hospital stay, and reduced cognitive and functional recovery.Patients and Methods: In our prospective ...
Kim Ji Soo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To determine the immediate and long-term therapeutic efficacies of barbecue rotation and Gufoni maneuvers, a randomized, prospective, and sham-controlled study was conducted in patients with the geotropic type of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the horizontal semicircular canal (HC-BPPV). METHODS:In 10 nationwide dizziness clinics in Korea, 170 consecutive patients (107 ...
Sanchez Judith - - 2012
Study objective: To determine the usefulness of the pictorial blood assessment chart (PBAC) for use as a valid screening tool for menorrhagia in adolescents. Study design: To conduct a prospective survey paired with retrospective chart review. Main outcome measures: To determine mean PBAC scores among adolescents presenting with menorrhagia versus ...
Li Ning - - 2012
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether single-incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (THA) is superior to conventional incision THA by comparing postoperative complication rates, Harris Hip Scores, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) scores. Randomized, controlled trials comparing single-incision minimally invasive THA and conventional ...
Costa Adilvania Ferreira da - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to perform an in vitro evaluation of the bactericidal action of a low-power arsenium-gallium (AsGa) laser at a wavelength of 904nm and energy density of 6 J/cm². Ten petri dishes were seeded with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and another ten with Staphylococcus aureus. The dishes ...
Morgan Katherine A - - 2012
Total pancreatectomy with immediate islet autotransplantation (IAT) can be an effective therapy in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Patient selection criteria for radical resection are not well defined. The impact of prior pancreatic surgery on quality of life outcomes in patients undergoing IAT is evaluated. A retrospective review of a prospectively ...
Syed Fahad A - - 2012
Basilic vein transpositions (BVTs) provide autologous hemodialysis access in the upper extremity. We report and compare our experience using the two techniques that are commonly performed to create BVTs: the one-stage and the two-stage technique. A retrospective review was performed on patients who underwent BVT from June 2006 to June ...
Adeyemi Moshood F - - 2012
This study was undertaken to compare the healing outcome of a short period (2 weeks) of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) with conventional (4-6 weeks) IMF in the management of fractures of the mandibular tooth-bearing area. This was a randomized controlled study conducted at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, between ...
Riad Waleed - - 2012
To compare metal posterior, flexible posterior, and flexible medium sub-Tenon cannulas for akinesia and anesthesia. King Khaled Specialist Eye Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Prospective blind randomized comparison. Patients having cataract surgery under sub-Tenon block received a mixture of bupivacaine and lidocaine with hyaluronidase. The patients were divided into 3 groups ...
Liu Hua - - 2012
To determine whether immune-enhanced enteral nutrition (EN) was effective on nutritional status, immune function, surgical outcomes and days of hospitalization after total gastrectomy for patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). From August 2005 to May 2011, 78 patients with AGC who underwent a total gastrectomy were enrolled and divided randomly ...
Sabria Joan - - 2012
Objective: To update the reference ranges for the ductus venosus pulsatility index (DVPI) at 11+0 to 13+6 gestational weeks. Methods: DVPI was calculated in 14,444 singleton fetuses at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks in two Fetal Medicine Centers, during a 4-year period. Using previously described medians, DVPI evolution was assessed both ...
Otero Pablo E - - 2012
Objective-To determine the minimal electric threshold of neurostimulation dorsally and ventrally to the interarcuate ligament in the lumbosacral area necessary to cause muscle contraction of the hind limb or tail and determine whether a continuous electrical stimulation applied to an insulated needle during lumbosacral epidural needle placement could be used ...
Knupp Markus - - 2012
A known complication of the surgical treatment of clubfoot deformity is hindfoot valgus deformity of the ankle and/or the subtalar joint leading to calcaneofibular and/or anterior ankle impingement and flatfoot deformity. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the radiographic outcome, pain relief, and functional improvement in patients ...
Apostolakis Stavros - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare the predictive performance of bleeding risk-estimation tools in a cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing anticoagulation. Three bleeding risk-prediction schemes have been derived for and validated in patients with AF: HEMORR(2)HAGES (Hepatic or Renal Disease, Ethanol Abuse, Malignancy, Older Age, ...
Daniel Roy Thomas - - 2012
: Disconnective surgery provides excellent seizure outcome for the group of patients with sub-hemispheric or hemispheric epilepsy when the indication criteria are strictly applied. However, data on cognitive outcome following surgery has not been properly documented for these patients in previous studies. : Sixteen patients underwent surgery between 2005 and ...
Yang Ding-Quan - - 2012
To observe the efficacy and safety of total glucosides of paeony capsule (TGPC) in patients with mild and moderate alopecia areata. A total of 86 outpatients were randomly allocated into two groups of TGPC (treatment, 44 cases) and compound glycyrrhizin tablet (control, 42 cases). The treatment group was given oral ...
Dragun Anthony E - - 2012
In 2001 ASCO published practice guidelines for post mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). We analyzed factors that influence the receipt of radiotherapy therapy and trends over time. We analyzed 8889 women who underwent mastectomy as primary surgical treatment for stage II or III breast cancer between 1995 and 2008 using data from ...
Nihara J - - 2012
This study investigated short- and long-term postoperative skeletal changes following intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) for mandibular prognathism, as determined from lateral cephalograms. The subjects were 20 patients with mandibular prognathism who had undergone surgical orthodontic treatment combined with IVRO. Lateral cephalograms were taken at six time points: 1 month ...
Lee Hyoyeon - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to use cone-beam computed tomography to compare mandibular dimensions in subjects with asymmetric skeletal Class III malocclusion and those with normal occlusion. Cone-beam computed tomography scans of 38 subjects with normal occlusion and 28 patients with facial asymmetry were evaluated and digitized with Invivo ...
Zhang Shi-Jin - - 2012
To discuss the clinical effects of Western medicine therapy assisted by Ginkgo biloba tablet (GBT) on patients with vascular cognitive impairment of none dementia (VCIND). A total of 80 patients with VCIND were divided into two groups randomly: Conventional treatment group (control group) and combined treatment group. Conventional treatment group ...
Jia Yu-Tao - - 2012
Objective: To detail our early experience and technique of a modified two-stage reimplantation protocol using antibiotic-loaded articulating cement spacers (ALACSs) for treatment of late periprosthetic infection after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: From January 2006 to February 2009, a series of 21 patients (21 knees) with late infected TKAs were ...
Lu F - - 2012
Background:  Chinese Hypertension Intervention Efficacy (CHIEF) study is a large-scale randomised clinical trial across China, which compares the efficacy of two combination regimens in reducing cardiovascular events associated with hypertension. Methods:  We reported the 48-week efficacy and tolerability of the two antihypertensive regimens in participants from Shandong Province, China. Eligible ...
Markham A Catherine - - 2012
In many social species, competition between groups is a major factor proximately affecting group-level movement patterns and space use and ultimately shaping the evolution of group living and complex sociality. Here we evaluated the factors influencing group-level dominance among 5 social groups of wild baboons (Papio cynocephalus), in particular focusing ...
Todd Melanie A - - 2012
To examine the relationship between a pilot's flight hours and their performance. There is current debate in the aviation industry on the minimum hours required for first officers to gain before they can fly for an airline. Despite years of pilot training and licensing, there are very little data available ...
Lawhorn Keith W - - 2012
To compare the results and outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using autogenous hamstring tendon versus fresh-frozen allograft anterior tibialis tendon. A prospective randomized study was conducted from September 2002 to October 2006. We randomized 147 patients to undergo ACL reconstruction with either autogenous hamstring or fresh-frozen allograft anterior ...
Nutton R W - - 2012
This prospective randomised controlled double-blind trial compared two types of PFC Sigma total knee replacement (TKR), differing in three design features aimed at improving flexion. The outcome of a standard fixed-bearing posterior cruciate ligament-preserving design (FB-S) was compared with that of a high-flexion rotating-platform posterior-stabilised design (RP-F) at one year ...
Turgut Ali - - 2012
In this study, we aimed to evaluate changes in frontal plane (anatomical axis) and sagittal plane (tibial slope, patellar height) parameters following closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and possible correlations between them. Between June 2003 and May 2007, 15 knees of the 13 female patients (mean age 52.6 years; range ...
Schwab Frank - - 2012
: The Schwab-SRS Classification of Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD) is a validated system that provides a common language for the complex pathology of ASD. Classification reliability has been reported; however, correlation with treatment has not been assessed. Purpose: assess association between disability, classification type/modifier and ASD treatment. : Prospective analysis ...
Weber Cynthia E - - 2012
Recent randomized studies comparing outcomes after pneumatic dilation (PD) and laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for the treatment of achalasia are conflicting and limited to short-term follow-up. Our meta-analysis compared the long-term durability of these approaches, with the hypothesis that LHM offers superior long-term remission compared with PD. We identified 36 ...
Kil Hae K - - 2012
This prospective, randomized, and observer-blinded study was performed to evaluate the effects of oral chloral hydrate on perioperative psychological and behavioral phenomena in children. In total, 100 boys (age, 1-5 years) scheduled for day-case unilateral orchiopexy were randomly allocated into 2 groups and orally administered either 40 mg/kg of chloral ...
Burgess Dm - - 2012
(1) To report whelping rates and litter sizes following coeliotomy-assisted intrauterine inseminations (CAII) performed commercially and (2) to identify factors that may influence these outcomes. Retrospective single cohort observational study. All oestrous cycles in bitches that presented to the study hospital for CAII between 1 January 2005 and 31 December ...
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