Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 5077
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Cristalli Giovanni - - 2012
ObjectivesThe aim of the study was to gather information on outcomes and effect sizes of 2 surgical methods of glossectomy by using a grade system and an objective measure of artifacts in micrometers (µm). The collected data would be used to plan a definitive study.Study DesignPilot study.SettingTertiary referral center.Material and ...
Hurley James C - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The interdependence between endotoxemia, gram negative (GN) bacteremia and mortality has been extensively studied. Underlying patient risk and GN bacteremia types are possible confounders of the relationship. METHODS: Published studies with [greater than or equal to]10 patients in either ICU or non-ICU settings, endotoxemia detection by limulus assay, ...
Lupoli Gelsy Arianna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To validate the simplest approach to preparing patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) for 131I-administration (131I-A), minimizing the impact of hypothyroidism. DESIGN: Panel study. PATIENTS: Ninety patients with DTC were enrolled in the study. 60 (Group A) underwent total thyroidectomy (TT); L-T4 was not administered in preparation for 131I-A ...
Di Silvestre Mario M Spine Surgery Department, Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna, Italy. - - 2013
Direct apical vertebral rotation represents an important goal of posterior surgery for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), so as to obtain a better cosmetic effect and to avoid posterior thoracoplasty. However, the real effectiveness in correction of vertebral rotation, using posterior only procedures, is still open to debate. The aim ...
Chahal Jaskarndip - - 2012
BACKGROUND:The use of validated outcome questionnaires and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) when assessing outcomes after surgical treatment of proximal hamstring avulsions has been limited. PURPOSE:To comprehensively evaluate clinical, functional, and radiological outcomes in patients treated with surgical repair for complete proximal hamstring avulsions. STUDY DESIGN:Case series; Level of evidence, 4. ...
Tina Edwards-Lehr - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this clinical trial was to assess safety, efficacy and technical handling of a novel ceramic-coated double-disc patent foramen ovale (PFO) occluder. BACKGROUND: Though percutaneous PFO closure is performed with increasing frequency worldwide, certain risks such as thrombus formation and incomplete endothelialization remain. The Spider™ PFO Occluder ...
Bergman Michael - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess bleeding complications and outcome of individuals receiving oral anticoagulants who were admitted to the hospital with an international normalized ratio (INR) greater than 4 by comparing them according to age (≤80, >80). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Community hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All individuals (N = 253) admitted to the Department ...
Robinson A J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Very few studies on long term evaluation of functional outcome following hypospadias reconstruction are available. Results from the modified Bretteville method have shown excellent cosmesis with a low risk of fistula and stenosis. This study addresses the question; do flow rates, quality of urinary stream and cosmesis change over ...
Steinsvik Eivind Andreas Svaboe - - 2012
Abstract Objective. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of positive surgical margins (PSM) and urinary incontinence (UI) in relation to surgeons' annual radical prostatectomy (RP) volume. Material and methods. This national study prospectively assessed 521 preoperatively continent patients with prostate cancer (PCa), scheduled for RP by surgeons with high ...
Chun Kr Julian - - 2012
Background: The single big cryoballon technique for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has been limited by the need for two transseptal punctures (TP). We therefore investigated feasibility and safety of a simplified approach using a single TP and a novel circumferential mapping catheter (CMC). Methods: Patients underwent 28-mm cryoballoon PVI using ...
Weltert Luca - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The amount of allogeneic blood transfusion may relate to worse outcome in cardiac surgery. The reinfusion of red blood cells (RBCs) lost by patients, including those of chest drains, is a promising strategy to minimize allogeneic transfusions. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: To verify this hypotheis, 1047 cardiac surgery patients ...
Beyer-Westendorf J - - 2012
Background:  Thromboprophylaxis with rivaroxaban (R) is superior over enoxaparin in patients undergoing major orthopaedic surgery (MOS). However, rivaroxaban has never been directly compared with fondaparinux (F), which also shows superior efficacy over enoxaparin. The clinical impact of switching from fondaparinux to rivaroxaban thromboprophylaxis is unclear. Objectives:  To evaluate the efficacy ...
Tocco Maria Pia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate alternative strategies to the sternal resection in the treatment of post-sternotomy osteomyelitis. We report our experience in the treatment of chronic infection of median sternotomy following open heart surgery without sternal resection. METHODS: A 4-year retrospective study was performed, consisting of ...
Acosta García H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review was to analyse the differences in efficacy between the administration of intermittent and continuous/expanded perfusion of piperacillin-tazobactam. Secondary objectives were to analyse the differences in safety, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic parameters, and cost-effectiveness between the two forms of administration. METHOD: We performed two different independent bibliographic ...
Kim Jae Hui - - 2012
To evaluate the elongation profile of foveal tissue after macular hole (MH) surgery and to investigate its impact on visual function. Prospective, interventional case series. Thirty-one eyes from 31 patients who underwent surgery for an MH less than 400 μm in diameter. The distance between the parafoveal edge of the ...
Song Joo-Hyoun - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiographic results of a total hip arthroplasty with the double tapered Mallory-Head system. The clinical and radiographic results of a consecutive series of 81 total hip replacements in 75 patients were reviewed 10-15 years (average 11.4 years) postoperatively. The ...
Hwang Jinyoung - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: External laryngeal manipulation (ELM) is commonly used to facilitate laryngeal view during direct laryngoscopy. We evaluated the effectiveness of the newly modified bimanual laryngoscopy, which involves a direct guidance of an assistant's hand by a laryngoscopist, to optimize laryngeal exposure during direct laryngoscopy compared with conventional bimanual laryngoscopy. METHODS: ...
Witvrouw E - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two frequently used non-operative treatment techniques for a stiff knee after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with a stiff knee after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were randomized into a manipulation under anaesthesia group, or a low load ...
Liu Yang - - 2012
Study Design. A retrospective comparative study was performed in patients with three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).Objective. To compare the clinical outcomes, radiologic parameters and complication incidence of 3 reconstructive techniques after the anterior decompression of multilevel CSM.Summary of Background Data. There has been growing interest in combination of anterior cervical ...
Bassan Milan S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic resection (ER) for large colonic lesions is a safe and effective outpatient treatment. Postprocedural pain creates concern for perforation and often results in postprocedure admission (PPA). Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) insufflation has been shown to reduce pain scores after routine colonoscopy, but an influence on more critical outcomes such ...
Canonico Silvestro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Open inguinal hernia repair is associated with a low incidence of complications that can be influenced by the type of mesh and its method of fixation. Our aim was to investigate the frequency and severity of postoperative pain and other complications when lightweight, large-pore meshes, compared with heavyweight, small-pore ...
Radowsky Jason S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that the outcomes of head and neck surgery may differ across racial and ethnic groups. Vocal changes related to the operation are an anticipated risk of thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy. Race-specific voice outcomes after thyroid and parathyroid operations have not been reported. Therefore, our aim was to ...
Huang Nathaniel F R - - 2012
In a prospective randomized control trial comparing computer-assisted vs conventional total knee arthroplasty, we previously reported that patients with coronal alignment within 3° of neutral had superior international knee society and Short-Form 12 (SF-12) physical scores at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery. Computer-assisted total ...
Newton Peter O - - 2012
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. Prospective, consecutive, non-randomized, multi-center study.Objective. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of idiopathic scoliosis treatment for Lenke 1 curves with the three treatment approaches.Summary of Background Data. Surgical treatment options for Lenke 1 or primary main thoracic curve pattern in adolescent idiopathic ...
Hwang Steven W - - 2012
Object The thoracic rib hump, caused by axial rotation of the spine, is one of the most dissatisfying cosmetic features associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, advances in instrumentation and surgical techniques, such as direct vertebral body derotation (DVBD), have allowed improved correction in the axial plane and the ...
Staykov Dimitre - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Perihemorrhagic edema (PHE) develops after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). It can worsen the clinical situation by its additional mass effect. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) might be an effective method to control PHE, but has not been sufficiently studied in ICH patients. METHODS: We report data on n = 25 consecutive patients with large ...
Kocoglu H - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) tube placement is generally performed in radiologic departments worldwide. However, there are a few urologist-directed studies about PCN performed with ultrasound guidance. Needle direction using a convex abdominal ultrasound probe might be difficult in unexperienced hands. In order to perform this procedure easily, we propose that ...
Smith Justin S - - 2012
Object Sagittal spinopelvic malalignment is a significant cause of pain and disability in patients with adult spinal deformity. Surgical correction of spinopelvic malalignment can result in compensatory changes in spinal alignment outside of the fused spinal segments. These compensatory changes, termed reciprocal changes, have been defined for thoracic and lumbar ...
McDonald Rachel - - 2012
The primary objective of this study was to describe the impact of 22q11.2 deletion (del22q11) on the clinical characteristics, postoperative course, and short-term outcomes of children undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. The charts of all children ages 1 day-18 years who received cardiac surgery for interrupted aortic arch (IAA), tetralogy of ...
Braithwaite B - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of bipolar radiofrequency-induced thermal therapy (RFITT) in a multicentre non-randomized study. METHODS: Some 672 incompetent saphenous veins (85% great saphenous varicose vein, 15% short saphenous vein) in 462 patients (56.5% CEAP [clinical, aetiological, anatomical and pathological elements] class 3 or worse) were treated in eight ...
Srivastava Alok - - 2012
Study Type--Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? For long complex anterior urethral stricture augmentation urethroplasty is considered the standard procedure but the best substitute material is still to be ascertained. Preputial/penile skin is a very good substitute especially ...
Lee Dae-Hee - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine whether navigation-assisted intraoperative lower limb alignment in open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) correlates with preoperative and postoperative radiographic alignment. METHODS: This prospective study involved 35 patients (39 knees) who underwent navigation HTO for primary medial osteoarthritis. The mechanical axis (MA) and weight-bearing line (WBL) ratio were ...
Slaven Emily J - - 2012
BackgroundRecovery of function such as the ability to walk without an assistive device after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is not always automatic.ObjectiveThis study investigated whether predetermined variables could be used to identify those patients who might have functional limitations at 6 months following THA.DesignProspective observational cohort design.MethodDemographics and baseline measures ...
Tam Samantha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hyposmia and anosmia is an often overlooked complication of endoscopic pituitary surgery. Septal flaps have been utilized as a strategy for repairing and preventing postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. The olfactory impact of raising this flap for sellar reconstruction and CSF repair needs qualitative assessment. This study aims ...
Fredrickson M J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Patient dissatisfaction has been previously associated with motor block in shoulder surgery patients receiving brachial plexus block. For elective minor wrist and hand surgery, we tested whether a regional block accelerating the early return of upper extremity motor function would improve patient satisfaction compared with a long-acting proximal brachial ...
Mueller V T - - 2012
Mueller VT, Welch K, Bratu DC, Wang H-L. Early and late studies of EMD use in periodontal intrabony defects. J Periodont Res 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2012.01510.x. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  The clinical efficacy of EMDs for the treatment of periodontal infrabony defects has been reported. ...
Lampertico Pietro - - 2012
ObjectiveTreatment with peginterferon α-2a (PegIFN) for 48 weeks is the standard of care for selected HBeAg-negative patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), but with limited treatment efficacy. A study was undertaken to investigate whether treatment extension to 96 weeks improves the outcome in this patient population.Methods128 HBeAg-negative patients ...
Prendes Brandon L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) treated with temporary injection laryngoplasty (IL) have a decreased rate of permanent medialization laryngoplasty (ML) compared to UVFP patients initially treated by observation. The aim of this study was to determine whether the lower rate of ML corresponded with improved quantifiable measures. ...
Wong H-F - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The use of arterial closure device in patients with prolonged high ACT values has not been extensively studied. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of an arterial closure device, Angio-Seal, with manual compression in patients on anticoagulation following neurointerventional procedures.MATERIALS AND METHODS:This ...
Wan Grace - - 2012
PURPOSE: Exposure to ionizing radiation during electrophysiologic procedures in children is believed to increase the risk of future malignancy. Electroanatomical navigation can reduce exposure, but the cohort of children who derive the greatest benefit from this approach is incompletely defined. We sought to determine factors associated with fluoroscopy exposure with ...
Chen Hu Jin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of fast-track surgery combined with laparoscopy-assisted radical distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: Eighty-eight eligible patients were randomly assigned into four groups: (1) fast-track surgery (FTS) + laparoscopy-assisted radical distal gastrectomy (LADG), treated with LADG and FTS ...
Leray E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Benign multiple sclerosis (BMS) is a controversial concept which is still debated. However identification of this kind of patients is crucial to prevent them from unnecessary exposure to aggressive and/or long term medical treatments. OBJECTIVES: To assess two definitions of 'clinically definite benign multiple sclerosis' (CDBMS) using long-term follow-up ...
Seyrek Mahir - - 2012
To compare sulbactam-ampicillin and cefuroxime antibiotics for prophylaxis of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and to find out the optimal regimen for antibiotic maintenance to prevent systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Between February 2010 and March 2011, a total of 198 patients in whom PCNL was performed were prospectively randomized into two ...
Galasso Olimpio O Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, School of Medicine, University "Magna Græcia" of Catanzaro, V.le Europa (Loc. Germaneto), 88100 Catanzaro, Italy. - - 2013
To assess the long-term results of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion using the Cloward procedure for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and to identify possible clinical outcome predictors. A total of 14 cases with a 10-year postoperative follow-up were available (82.4 % of the surviving patients). Patients underwent preoperative ...
Oen Irma M M H - - 2012
: The face is a very frequent site of burn injuries. This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial thus investigates the effectiveness of cerium nitrate-silver sulfadiazine in the treatment of facial burns compared with silver sulfadiazine. : Adult patients with acute facial burns admitted to Dutch burn centers were randomized to treatment ...
Hampton Daniel M - - 2012
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon allograft tissue is a common orthopedic procedure. It is unknown what effect, if any, the donor age has on clinical outcomes. Biomechanical studies have shown the strength of cadaveric patellar tendon to be independent of age, but no clinical studies have evaluated patient ...
Kim Man Deuk - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of pretreatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists before uterine artery embolization (UAE) of large fibroids. The cases of 40 patients with large fibroids (≥ 10 cm) were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 40 patients, 28 (control group) underwent UAE without pretreatment ...
Zhang Qiang - - 2012
To prospectively compare therapeutic effect of femoral tunnel preparation through the tibial tunnel and the anteromedial (AM) portal in single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Between June 2008 and October 2010, 76 patients underwent single-bundle ACL reconstruction by autogenous grafting of semitendinosus and gracilis tendon. All cases were randomly divided ...
Hernandez Fernando - - 2012
Intensive management is almost the only way to ensure dairy farm profitability. The dry period length (DPL) is a key factor in the productivity and health of dairy cows, but whether the same is true of dairy sheep is unclear. This study investigated the effects of DPL on the performance ...
Diao Mei - - 2012
Routine drain placement after choledochal cyst (CDC) excision and Roux-en-Y hepatojejunostomy (RYHJ) is commonly practiced to predict and prevent bile/pancreatic leaks and hemorrhage. Recently, laparoscopic excision of CDC has decreased postoperative morbidity. The necessity of drainage has been questioned. We undertook a prospective randomized trial to assess the need for ...
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