Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 5078
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gokhale Sneha R - - 2012
Abstract Background and objectives: Research has shown that mechanical methods of periodontal therapy alone may fail to eliminate the tissue-invasive pathogenic flora; therefore, considerable attention has been given to adjunctive antimicrobial measures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of diode laser as an adjunct to mechanical ...
Mure Takeo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted with a particular focus on preterm infants with West syndrome (WS) to evaluate differences in the first responses to oral medication based on their etiology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of 53 patients with WS, treated at five institutions between 2005 and 2009, were reviewed ...
Sponga Sandro - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of adhering to a strict follow up regimen on mid-term efficacy of intraoperative radiofrequency ablation in maintaining sinus rhythm for patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 52 patients with atrial fibrillation and valve disease divided ...
Kinsella S M - - 2012
We performed an evaluation of non-Luer spinal devices supplied by four manufacturers or suppliers: Polymedic; Pajunk; Sarstedt; and Smiths. For each supplier, 100 evaluations were performed using a 25-G 90-mm spinal needle, 3-ml syringe, 5-ml syringe and filter needle; for comparison, 100 evaluations were performed with our standard Luer equipment. ...
Sindhvananda Wacharin - - 2012
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of open heart surgery (OHS). Preconditioning with volatile anesthetics is well proven to provide myocardial protection. Renal protection provided by volatile-anesthetic preconditioning has also been investigated; however, it is still controversial at the clinical level. This study aimed to investigate whether ...
Akcay Emrah - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy and safety of povidone-iodine in wound dressing and irrigation of some operative cavities were established by many in vitro and in vivo experimental reports and clinical series. However, its use in defective tissue in neural structures has not been confirmed yet. The aim of the present study ...
Hofferberth Sophie C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The present study compared the outcomes between combined proximal descending aortic endografting plus distal bare metal stenting and conventional proximal descending aortic stent-graft repair in patients with type A and type B aortic dissection. METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2010, 63 patients underwent endovascular treatment for acute (type ...
Moreno-Moraga Javier - - 2012
Treatment of micro-veins of less than 1.5 mm with laser and with chemical sclerosis is technically challenging because of their difficulty to remedy. Laser treatment is even more difficult when dark phototypes are involved.Three groups of 30 patients each, skin type IV, and vessels measuring less than 1.5 mm in diameter, were ...
Ishida Kazunari - - 2012
ADVANCE Medial-Pivot (MP) (Wright Medical Technology, Arlington, TN, USA) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was developed to replicate normal tibiofemoral knee joint kinematics, allowing medial-pivot knee motion. The design concept of the prosthesis is unique; therefore, the influence on the patellofemoral knee joint remains unclear at present. The purpose of this ...
Wong Jean - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The efficacy of perioperative tobacco interventions on long-term abstinence and the safety of smoking cessation less than 4 weeks before surgery is unclear. Our objective was to determine the efficacy and safety of a perioperative smoking cessation intervention with varenicline to reduce smoking in elective surgical patients. METHODS:: In ...
Kaymaz Burak - - 2012
PURPOSE: The geometry of the trochlear groove is considered to be an important determinant in the pathogenesis of the patellofemoral joint disorders. However, the effect of patellar position during the development of the femoral trochlear groove is unclear. This animal study aimed to investigate the relationship between the position of ...
Shahin Maha M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intraoperative subconjunctival bevacizumab as an adjunctive treatment after surgical excision of primary pterygium. PATIENTS AND METHODS:This was a randomized prospective clinical study. Group 1 (21 eyes) underwent pterygium excision with conjunctivo-limbal autograft. Group 2 (20 eyes) received subconjunctival 1.25 mg/0.05 mL ...
Fu S C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Mechanical allodynia during ambulation in osteoarthritis (OA) animal models can be assessed as decreased extent of loading or decreased duration of loading. We propose to measure gait adaptation to pain by both mechanisms with the development of Limb Idleness Index (LII) in a rat model of knee OA. METHODS: ...
Frey Joana M - - 2012
Background:The open surgical wound is exposed to cold and dry ambient air resulting in heat loss through radiation, evaporation, and convection. Also, general and neuraxial anesthesia decrease the patient's core temperature. Despite routine preventive measures mild intraoperative hypothermia is still common and contributes to postoperative morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized ...
Jeremejeva Julia - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to test the effect of two treatments in cases of acute puerperal metritis (APM) and clinical metritis (CM). METHODS: Cows with APM and CM (n = 40)) were matched according to plasma fibrinogen levels (Fb) into three groups. Two negative control groups ...
Akiyama Junichi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a promising new treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Adjunctive intra-esophageal pH control with proton pump inhibitors and/or anti-reflux surgery is generally recommended to optimize squamous re-epithelialization after ablation. AIMS: The aims of this study were to examine the association between intra-esophageal pH control and ...
Buyukates Mustafa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: An important reason for production of ischemia and reperfusion injury and oxidative stress is the sudden and rapid changes in body temperature during the institution of cardiopulmonary bypass. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of warm priming solution on oxidative stress and atrial fibrillation. METHODS: ...
Maffulli Nicola - - 2012
To assess histological changes and possible differences in the quadriceps of patients undergoing open repair of the tendon after spontaneous rupture, and subjects with no history of tendon pathology. Biopsies were harvested from the quadriceps tendon of 46 patients (34 men, 12 women) who had reported unilateral atraumatic quadriceps tendon ...
Duncan Jan William JW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, 711 West College Street, Suite 625, Los Angeles, CA 90012, - - 2013
To investigate if instrumentation (unilateral vs. bilateral fixation) has an effect on the rate of fusion cage migration. This clinical study of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion involved a prospective group of 116 patients who were randomly assigned to either unilateral (n = 57) or bilateral (n = 59) fixation. Fourteen ...
Morelli Michele - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and efficacy, in terms of spillage risk and ovarian tissue preservation, of mesial incision for laparoscopic dermoid cystectomy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University. PATIENT(S): Sixty-seven women with dermoid cysts. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic dermoid cystectomy performed by mesial incision (33 patients, study group) or antimesial incision (34 patients, ...
Camus Marine - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) can be coupled with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in the same setting when biliary and/or duodenal stenting are required. AIMS: Our aim was to examine the effectiveness of EUS-FNA combined with stenting during the same session in patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Consecutive patients ...
Chen Yongchuan - - 2012
Background: Prulifloxacin is a promising fluoroquinolone antibiotic. A multicentre, double-blind, randomized clinical study was designed to evaluate its efficacy and safety compared to that of levofloxacin for the treatment of respiratory and urinary infections of Chinese patients. Methods: A total of 267 patients were enrolled and each was randomly assigned ...
Vendrell J-F - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:IVT administered in acute ischemic stroke provides low recanalization rates in proximal intracranial occlusions, with consequently poor clinical outcome. The safety and efficacy of an IES by using mechanical thrombectomy after IVT failure were assessed in acute MCA occlusions.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Patients presenting with acute MCA occlusion within 4.5 ...
Anderson Paul A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Systematic review and meta-analysis.Objective. To determine the kinematics of the adjacent segments and global cervical spine following cervical arthroplasty compared with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).Summary of Background Data. Adjacent segment pathology following ACDF is a significant concern. Arthroplasty may decrease the risk of adjacent segment ...
Bhatia R Sacha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The 2007 appropriate use criteria (AUC) for echocardiography were revised in 2011 to cover a wider range of scenarios of use. The aim of this study was to compare the 2011 AUC with the 2007 AUC to determine if the 2011 AUC better classify transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and to ...
Lee Dong-Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND:The initiation of weightbearing is the focus of postoperative treatment after microfracture for osteochondral lesions of the talus. However, no comparative clinical study has been performed on early and delayed weightbearing after microfracture for osteochondral lesions of the talus. PURPOSE:The aim of this prospective study was to compare the clinical ...
Youssef Tamer Ali - - 2012
The study aimed at verifying the use of steroids to decrease postoperative edema after rhinoplasty. The study included published articles yielded by the Medline database search concerning role of steroids in rhinoplasty. The search was limited to articles published in English in the last three decades. The search was done ...
Giordano J O - - 2012
Our objectives were to (1) compare the effect on pregnancies per artificial insemination (P/AI) of presynchronization of the estrous cycle with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) 7 d before resynchronization of ovulation (Resynch) initiated 25 d after timed artificial insemination (TAI) and compare the presynchronization treatment with the Double-Ovsynch (DO) protocol, ...
Ota Noritaka - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although the Fontan procedure is now being performed in younger patients, the influence of the early timing of Fontan on midterm to long-term results remains unclear. We investigated whether the timing of Fontan completion affects subsequent hemodynamics in patients with functional single ventricle followed for more than 3 years. ...
Bertani Helga - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) is a new technique allowing in vivo detection of neoplastic tissue using a standard endoscope. AIMS: Our aim was to compare the incident dysplasia detection rate of biopsies obtained by high-definition white light endoscopy (HD-WLE) or by pCLE in a cohort of patients with ...
Engelhardt T O - - 2012
Despite anatomical metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) reconstruction in radial polydactyly (RP) Wassel IV, the prevention of long-term deformity and instability is still an issue. We report on clinical results following our modified surgical procedure with additional support of the hypoplastic radial collateral ligament complex (RCLC) after musculoligamentous MCPJ reconstruction. Fourteen patients ...
Kennedy John G - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Anatomic and checkrein tenodesis reconstruction techniques have been described as a means of treatment for chronic lateral ligament instability in the ankle. The current article describes a hybrid procedure using the most advantageous concepts of both techniques for use when insufficient normal ligament remains to fashion a direct repair of ...
Malviya Ajay - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) between athletes and non-athletes. METHODS: The authors prospectively collected data on 122 patients, the largest comparative series reported, who underwent hip arthroscopy for FAI. Of these, 80 actively participated in sporting activities ...
Devries T J - - 2012
Poor dairy cow hygiene has been consistently associated with elevated somatic cell count (SCC) and the risk of subclinical mastitis. The objective of this study was to determine the associations between dairy cow standing and lying behavior, barn hygiene, cow hygiene, and the risk of experiencing elevated SCC. Lactating Holstein ...
Setti Tommaso - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Although numerous methods are available for postoperative pain (POP) management, new approaches are constantly being investigated. This feasibility study assessed the buprenorphine transdermal therapeutic system (Bup-TTS) for the treatment of POP after gynecological open surgery. Research design and methods: Forty-five patients were prospectively randomized to different Bup-TTS dosages ...
Myer Gregory D GD Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center, 3333 Burnet Ave MLC 10001, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2012
Release for full activity and return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is often dictated by time from surgery and subjective opinion by the medical team. Temporal guidelines for return to sport may not accurately identify impaired strength and neuromuscular control, which are associated with increased risk for ...
Döri Ferenc - - 2012
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the ten year results following treatment of intrabony defects treated with an enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD) combined with either a natural bone mineral (NBM) or a beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with advanced chronic periodontitis, displaying one deep ...
Gunes Tevfik - - 2012
AIM: To investigate whether α-tocopherol and ascorbic acid have effect on the suppression of inflammation in the early postoperative period after open heart surgery. METHODS: A total of 59 patients who had undergone cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in the Cardiovascular Surgery Department of a tertiary center between June 2008 and December ...
Willihnganz-Lawson Katie H - - 2012
PURPOSE: We present the experience of a multidisciplinary center for disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD) in treating females requiring vaginoplasty. Specifically, we evaluate outcomes and compliance with follow-up protocols in patients undergoing secondary vaginoplasties. MATERIALS/METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive DSD patients who underwent feminizing genitoplasties in 2006-2010. A subset of ...
Yang Jae-Hyuk - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Although controversy continues over the choice of graft tissue, including autografts, allografts, and synthetic ligaments, for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction, the use of a mixed graft consisting of a hamstring (semitendinosus and gracilis) autograft plus tibialis anterior allograft tendon has not been studied in detail. HYPOTHESIS:Outcomes of PCL reconstructions ...
Reininga Inge H F - - 2012
Minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (MIS THA) aims at minimizing damage to muscles and tendons to accelerate postoperative recovery. Computer navigation allows a precise prosthesis alignment without complete visualization of the bony landmarks during MIS THA. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a computer-navigated ...
Koning G G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Lichtenstein technique is the treatment of first choice according to guidelines for primary inguinal hernia treatment. Postoperative chronic pain has been reported as complication in 15-40 % after Lichtenstein's repair. The postoperative effects on health status after open preperitoneal hernia repair have hardly been examined. Development of an open ...
Borgeat A - - 2012
The influence of the muscular response elicited by neurostimulation on the success rate of interscalene block using a catheter (ISC) is unknown. In this investigation, we compared the success rate of ISC placement as indicated by biceps or deltoid, triceps, or both twitches. Three hundred (ASA I-II) patients presenting for ...
Finocchiaro Gherardo - - 2012
AIMS: To evaluate the long-term prognostic impact of baseline symptoms in a cohort of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We considered 84 HCM patients symptomatic at diagnosis: 26 (31%) with heart failure (group 1), 34 (40%) with syncope/palpitations (group 2) and 24 (29%) with chest pain (group 3). ...
Park K K KK Department of Dermatology, University of California San Francisco, 515 Spruce Street, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA. - - 2012
Phototherapy is a mainstay of vitiligo treatment and has varying rates of efficacy. Narrowband ultraviolet (UV) B (NB-UVB) and UVA have been used for decades, but it is only recently that monochromatic excimer light (MEL) was developed for use in dermatology and adapted for the treatment of vitiligo. The specific ...
Flamm Maria M Institute of General Practice, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Strubergasse 21, 5020, Salzburg, Austria. - - 2012
We evaluated the disease management programme (DMP) "Therapie Aktiv" for diabetes mellitus type 2 during the first year of implementation in a cluster-randomised controlled trial (RCT), which revealed an improvement of process quality, but only insignificant effects on HbA1c. To further analyse the effects of the DMP we followed up ...
Feeney Eoin R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: No randomised study has prospectively followed subcutaneous adipose tissue mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) changes when starting thymidine nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (tNRTI). DESIGN:: The MEDICLAS study randomised HIV+, treatment-naïve male subjects to start lopinavir/ritonavir (LPVr) with either zidovudine/lamivudine (AZT/3TC) or NVP. METHODS:: Regional body fat was assessed by DXA and ...
Williams Bryce J D - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine nasal airway function using a disease-specific quality-of-life survey instrument in subjects undergoing Le Fort I osteotomy without simultaneous rhinosurgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of nasal airway function in consecutive Le Fort I osteotomy patients, who had not received simultaneous rhinosurgical procedures, ...
Pahatouridis Dimitrios - - 2012
Various surgical treatments have been proposed for the treatment of chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH). Herewith, we set out to compare the efficacy of an enlarged single burr hole versus double burr hole drainage for the treatment of CSDH. We studied patients with symptomatic CSDH proven by CT scan that were ...
Aldaqadossi Hussein A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the results of dorsal dartos flap rotation versus suturing tunica albuginea to the pubic periosteum for correction of congenital penile torsion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with congenital penile torsion were evaluated and managed from 2006 to 2010. On a random basis, 9 patients underwent surgical repair ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >