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Ding Hui - - 2012
This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of photoselective vaporisation (PVP) vs. transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Eligible studies were identified from electronic databases (Cochrane Library, PubMed and EMBASE). The database search, quality assessment and data extraction were performed independently ...
Roscoe Joseph A - - 2012
We conducted a double-blind randomized clinical trial of the following four regimens for controlling delayed nausea (DN): group 1: palonosetron + dexamethasone on day 1 with prochlorperazine on days 2 and 3; group 2: granisetron + dexamethasone on day 1 with prochlorperazine on days 2 and 3; group 3: aprepitant ...
Lu Yong - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) without nephrostomy drainage tubes. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 32 eligible patients with kidney stones at our hospital. Patients were randomly assigned to a conventional mPCNL group (ureteric Double-J stents and nephrostomy drainage tubes) or a tubeless mPCNL ...
Niesters M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>Postoperative monitoring of ventilation is largely restricted to the measurement of haemoglobin-oxygen saturation and respiratory rate (RR) derived from the ECG. measurement is inadequate when used with supplemental oxygen and ECG-derived RR is subject to artifacts. A new monitor measures RR by quantifying the humidity of exhaled air (respiR8(®)). ...
Chen Chuang-Wei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our aim is to report the outcomes of hemorrhoidectomy performed via LigaSure™ with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. METHODS: A total of 666 patients underwent hemorrhoidectomy for symptomatic prolapsed hemorrhoids (grade III and IV) via LigaSure between June 2006 and June 2008. Patient demographic and operative data were ...
Schimmel Janneke J P - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Historical cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE:: Evaluation of mid-term clinical outcome and radiological fusion in patients treated with a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) can be a good alternative in chronic low back pain when conservative treatment fails. Although titanium alloy cages give ...
Liebensteiner Michael C - - 2012
Less invasive dissection of the extensor apparatus, one of the aspects of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) TKA, might result in less reduction of postoperative quadriceps strength. However, it is unclear whether MIS is associated with less strength reduction. We asked whether knee strength (extensor or flexor torque) would be greater ...
Cohen Steven B - - 2012
BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to assess postsurgical outcomes in active patients after primary repair of acute and chronic proximal hamstring tears. HYPOTHESIS:Surgical treatment of both acute and chronic proximal hamstring avulsion injuries would result in improved patient outcomes using validated outcome scores and a hamstring-specific questionnaire, and operative ...
Engelmann Carsten - - 2012
Introduction We recently reported that 5-minute work breaks every 25 minutes during long lasting laparoscopy in children (intermittent pneumoperitoneum [IPP] scheme) decrease the surgeon's stress markers such as saliva cortisol and heart rate and improve time-concentration scores significantly. Data on the impact of breaks on the patient and on the ...
Figueroa Victor - - 2012
PURPOSE: Recent data suggest that testicular torsion may include an element of the compartment syndrome that improves with decompression. In 2009 we instituted tunica albuginea incision with tunica vaginalis flap coverage as an alternative in cases in which the torsed testis continued to appear ischemic after detorsion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Perera Marlon - - 2012
PURPOSE: Long-term outcomes of hypospadias surgery, particularly urinary function, have not been examined thoroughly. Uroflowmetry can be used to evaluate long-term functional outcomes by assessing flow shape and the rate of micturition. We assessed urethral function using uroflowmetry in adolescents after undergoing hypospadias repair in infancy and compared this with ...
Coin Alessandra - - 2012
Background: To assess the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the progression of dementia. Methods: Sixty elderly outpatients with untreated dementia followed for 12 months. All patients underwent clinical, cognitive, functional, and nutritional assessment at the baseline and after 12 months. Patients were divided into 2 groups by baseline ...
Royse Colin F - - 2012
CONTEXT: Previous research has shown that most patients are satisfied with their anaesthetic care. For those who are not the causes may be multifactorial including dissatisfaction with surgical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify whether quality of recovery after anaesthesia and surgery measured in multiple domains affects patient satisfaction. DESIGN: ...
Puri Prem - - 2012
PURPOSE: In recent years the endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid has become an established alternative to long-term antibiotic prophylaxis and the surgical management of vesicoureteral reflux. We determined the safety and effectiveness of the endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic acid as first line treatment for high grade vesicoureteral reflux. MATERIALS AND ...
Karube Rei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surgery results, we established a novel method to digitize nasal morphology with the use of Hausdorff distance and analyzed nose morphology after cheiloplasty. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the naris after primary cheiloplasty of 30 unilateral cleft lip and palate patients. Similarity between left and right sides was ...
Bush Nicol Corbin - - 2012
PURPOSE: Historically the placement of testicular prosthesis during orchiectomy for torsion is delayed despite reports of safe prosthesis placement during mastectomy and orchiectomy for cancer as well as the removal of infected penile prostheses. We describe our experience with intravaginal testicular prosthesis at orchiectomy in adolescents with torsion. MATERIALS AND ...
Ma Long-Fei - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect of medial patellar retinaculum plasty for children and adolescent patients with patellar dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed between October 2005 and December 2009. Sixty-one cases of children and adolescent patients with patellar dislocation were ...
Wuethrich Patrick Y - - 2012
CONTEXT: There is evidence that perioperative intravenous lidocaine administration can reduce analgesic requirement, improve recovery of bowel function and shorten the length of hospital stay. Its effect in laparoscopic renal surgery has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of systemic lidocaine on the length of hospital stay, readiness ...
Yeung Chi K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fractionated radiofrequency (RF) induces deep dermal heating and leaves the epidermis less affected. We studied the efficacy and safety of bipolar RF and fractional diode laser followed by fractional RF in Asians with acne scars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients (skin types III and IV) with acne ...
Heringlake Matthias - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Cardiac-surgery-associated-acute-kidney-injury (CSA-AKI) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recent data from patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting suggest that a perioperative infusion of sodium-bicarbonate may decrease the incidence of CSA-AKI. The present study aims to analyze the renoprotective effects of a 24h infusion of sodium-bicarbonate in ...
Kamiya K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Restriction of diffusion has been reported in the early phase of secondary neuronal degeneration, such as Wallerian degeneration. The purpose of this study was to investigate postoperative transient reduced diffusion in the ipsilateral striatum and thalamus as a remote effect of surgery.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Six hundred two postoperative MR ...
Davoody Amirparviz R - - 2012
SUMMARY The purpose of this study was to measure the efficacy of anchorage control between differential moments mechanics and temporary anchorage devices in a clinical trial. Forty-six patients requiring extraction of maxillary first premolars were allocated into 2 treatment groups. The differential moments group (G1) received a nickel titanium (NiTi) ...
Romman Adam N - - 2012
We reviewed the evaluation of distal intramural urethral pathology in women and its management using urethral dilation and general anesthesia. After receiving institutional review board approval we reviewed consecutive charts of women who underwent urethral dilation under general anesthesia for distal intramural urethral pathology. The pathological condition was defined as ...
Vastamäki Martti M ORTON Research Institute and ORTON Hospital, Invalid Foundation, Tenholantie 10, 00280, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2013
Recurrent or persistent defects in the rotator cuff after its repair are common. Short- and medium-term surveys have revealed, after open repair, patients with an intact rotator cuff have increased function and ROM. However, no long-term studies have verified cuff integrity on MR arthrography or correlated it with clinical and ...
Thakral Ankur - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes following various managements of hemangiomas. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-two patients were included and retrospective review conducted. Based on clinical management, each patient was assigned different treatment groups: steroid, sclerotherapy, surgical, and combined therapy. Treatment outcomes were evaluated based on improvement ...
Bhadage Chetan J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of vasodilator isoxsuprine to dexamethasone with hyaluronidase injections and physiotherapy in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with oral submucous fibrosis were randomly assigned into three groups. Group A patients (n = 15) received 10 mg isoxsuprine ...
Grange Andrew M - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate whether dogs undergoing splenectomy had an increased risk of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), compared with a control group of dogs undergoing enterotomy. Design-Retrospective case-control study. Animals-219 dogs that underwent splenectomy for reasons other than splenic torsion (splenectomy group; n = 172) or enterotomy (control group; 47) without concurrent gastropexy. ...
Robertson Catherine M - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Despite improvements in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair technique and technology, a significant rate of failed tendon healing persists. Improving the biology of rotator cuff repairs may be an important focus to decrease this failure rate. The objective of this study was to determine the mRNA biomarkers and histological characteristics of ...
Behrens Georg - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on fasting lipid parameters of switching to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) plus emtricitabine (FTC) from abacavir (ABC) plus lamivudine (3TC; both fixed-dose combinations), while maintaining ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r). METHODS: This was an open-label randomized two-arm 12-week controlled study in ...
Haga Nobuhiro - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Periprostatic local anesthesia for transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy requires additional needle punctures and injection of local anesthetics into the periprostatic area. This study sought to determine the influence of periprostatic local anesthesia on the surgical difficulty of open radical prostatectomy (RP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 241 ...
Kristian Andersen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed to assess the frequency and distribution of incidents encountered during the perioperative period of maxillary distraction with internal devices. The perioperative period was defined as the period between device placement and removal. STUDY DESIGN: Records of 20 patients treated during 2004-2011 with internal maxillary distraction ...
Panosh Nicole - - 2012
Purpose The results of a study comparing the average time to initiation of i.v. antimicrobial therapy with closed-versus open-loop order entry and processing are reported. Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed to compare order-to-administration times for initial doses of i.v. antimicrobials before and after a closed-loop order-processing system including ...
Fairall Lara L Knowledge Translation Unit, University of Cape Town Lung Institute, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2012
Robust evidence of the effectiveness of task shifting of antiretroviral therapy (ART) from doctors to other health workers is scarce. We aimed to assess the effects on mortality, viral suppression, and other health outcomes and quality indicators of the Streamlining Tasks and Roles to Expand Treatment and Care for HIV ...
Park Hyun Jung - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of linezolid-based salvage therapy compared with glycopeptide-based therapy in patients with persistent (≥7 days) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (MRSA-B). METHODS: All patients with MRSA-B during 2-year period at a tertiary-care hospital were prospectively enrolled. Linezolid-based salvage therapy was classified if patients switched glycopeptides to linezolid ...
Escrich Laura - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dynamics of the nuclear maturation (NM) of in vitro-matured (IVM) oocytes and to determine the most favorable duration of meiosis II (MII) arrest in relation to the normal activation response. DESIGN: Experimental. SETTING: University-affiliated infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): Donated immature germinal vesicle oocytes (GV). INTERVENTION(S): The GV underwent ...
Shrikhande Shailesh V - - 2012
PURPOSE: Data on perioperative outcomes of sphincter preserving ultra low anterior resections (ULAR) following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NA-CTRT) is sparsely reported in literature. METHODS: Prospective data of 68 patients was reviewed retrospectively. Patients who received preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CTRT, Group A, n = 45) were compared with those who were operated upfront (Group B, ...
Imade Shinji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To compare the patient-reported outcomes and arthroscopic findings between drilling and autologous osteochondral grafting (AOG) for the treatment of articular cartilage defects combined with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. METHODS: The subjects were 40 patients who had articular cartilage defects in the weight-bearing part of the medial and lateral ...
Díaz-Infante Ernesto - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The findings of the 2011 Spanish Catheter Ablation Registry are presented. METHODS: Data were collected in two ways: retrospectively using a standardized questionnaire, and prospectively from a central database. Each participating center selected its own preferred method of data collection. RESULTS: Sixty-six Spanish centers voluntarily contributed data ...
Jr Carlos Henrique Guimarães - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the dentoskeletal changes of Class II malocclusion treatment with the Twin Force Bite Corrector (TFBC). Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 86 lateral cephalograms obtained from 43 subjects with Class II division 1 malocclusion; the subjects were divided into two groups. The experimental group comprised 23 ...
Medve Laszlo - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcome of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) after major noncardiac surgery in Hungarian intensive care units (ICUs). Methods: We conducted an analysis of a multicenter survey on the epidemiology of AKI in Hungarian ICUs in respect of surgical ...
Jang Moon Ju - - 2012
There have been conflicting results on seasonal variation in the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). It also has never been studied in Asian population. To address these issues, we investigated seasonal changes of the incidence of VTE in Korean population using 1,495 patients with VTE between January 2001 and December ...
Svedbom A - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of balloon kyphoplasty compared to nonsurgical management and vertebroplasty for the treatment of hospitalised osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in the UK. A cost-effectiveness model was constructed and used for analysis. Balloon kyphoplasty may be cost-effective compared to relevant alternatives. The ...
Nyboe Camilla C Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark. - - 2013
Treatment of atrial septal defect (ASD) in adults is still controversial, and with older age the likelihood of treatment is decreased. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ASD closure in adults and especially in the elderly in our institution in a retrospective review. Adult patients ...
Li Yan-Dong YD Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, Zhejiang Province, - - 2012
To investigate the role of anal cushions in hemorrhoidectomy and its effect on anal continence of the patients. Seventy-six consecutive patients (33 men and 43 women) with a mean age of 44 years were included. They underwent Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy because of symptomatic third- and fourth-degree hemorrhoids and failure in conservative ...
Corvaglia Luigi - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) and exchange transfusion (EXT) on Rhesus haemolytic disease of the newborn (Rh-HDN) and evaluate treatment-related side effects. Methods: Retrospective chart review of two cohorts of newborns with Rh-HDN, treated with (Group 2) or without (Group 1) IVIg. Length of phototherapy, ...
Pattakos Gregory - - 2012
Jehovah's Witness patients (Witnesses) who undergo cardiac surgery provide a unique natural experiment in severe blood conservation because anemia, transfusion, erythropoietin, and antifibrinolytics have attendant risks. Our objective was to compare morbidity and long-term survival of Witnesses undergoing cardiac surgery with a similarly matched group of patients who received transfusions. ...
Samanta Ajanta - - 2012
Aim:  Retained placenta is an important cause of maternal mortality. The present study was aimed to determine the efficacy of umbilical injection of oxytocin as a treatment modality in this condition. Material and Methods:  This was a single-center randomized controlled trial incorporating 58 women with retained placenta of more than ...
Kim Jin-Sung - - 2012
Abstract Objective: During revision microdiscectomy for recurrent lumbar disc herniation (rLDH), the major concerns are approach-related complications, including dural tear and nerve root injury, because of adhesion scars and granulation tissue along the previous laminotomy site. In revision microdiscectomy of rLDH, carbon dioxide (CO(2)) laser can enable precise dissection and ...
Gokhale Sneha R - - 2012
Abstract Background and objectives: Research has shown that mechanical methods of periodontal therapy alone may fail to eliminate the tissue-invasive pathogenic flora; therefore, considerable attention has been given to adjunctive antimicrobial measures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of diode laser as an adjunct to mechanical ...
Mure Takeo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted with a particular focus on preterm infants with West syndrome (WS) to evaluate differences in the first responses to oral medication based on their etiology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of 53 patients with WS, treated at five institutions between 2005 and 2009, were reviewed ...
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