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Moroney Paul J - - 2012
: The Ponseti method has revolutionized the management of idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV). However, nonidiopathic CTEV is still often primarily treated by extensive surgical soft tissue release. We believe that nonoperative treatment of these patients using the Ponseti method may give very satisfactory results. : We examined the demographics ...
Muzyk Andrew J - - 2012
Background: Intravenous haloperidol can increase the risk for corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation, torsades de pointes (TdP) and sudden death. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of implementation of a computerized physician order entry (CPOE) set on adherence to monitoring parameters, maximum and cumulative doses, ...
Nielsen Anna Marie - - 2012
: Postsurgery dressing changes in diabetic foot amputation wounds and surgical wounds healing by secondary intention are often conducted in the operating room under general anesthesia. A prospective comparative cohort study was performed in 60 patients (n = 60: n = 30/n = 30) with secondary-intention surgical wounds (82% had ...
Weber Christian Friedrich - - 2012
The current investigation aimed to study the efficacy of hemostatic therapy guided either by conventional coagulation analyses or point-of-care (POC) testing in coagulopathic cardiac surgery patients. Patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery were assessed for eligibility. Those patients in whom diffuse bleeding was diagnosed after heparin reversal or increased blood loss ...
Alkhajah Taleb A - - 2012
Sitting time is a prevalent health risk among office-based workers. To examine, using a pilot study, the efficacy of an intervention to reduce office workers' sitting time. Quasi-experimental design with intervention-group participants recruited from a single workplace that was physically separate from the workplaces of comparison-group participants. Office workers (Intervention, ...
Kaneda Kazuhisa - - 2012
Background/Aims: We investigated the clinicopathological findings and outcome after surgery for hepatocellular carcinoma in patients without hepatitis B or C virus infection. Methodology: Among 562 patients who underwent curative resection for hepatocellular carcinoma, the sera from 97 patients (B group) were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen alone, sera from ...
Sapam Ranjeeta - - 2012
Vitiligo is an acquired depigmenting disorder having disfiguring consequences. Many treatments have been attempted with varying reports of success. A parallel-group, assessor blinded, randomized, controlled trial was designed to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of narrowband UVB (NBUVB) with oral psoralen UVA (PUVA) therapy in the treatment of vitiligo. ...
Hansson Jeanette - - 2012
Randomized studies have indicated that acute appendicitis may be treated by antibiotics without the need of surgery. However, concerns have been raised about selection bias of patients in such studies. Therefore, the present study was aimed to validate previous findings in randomized studies by a full-scale population-based application. All patients ...
Chen Chien-Chia - - 2012
Background/Aims: Exogenous glutamine supplement is known to improve morbidity and mortality of critically-ill patients. This study was conducted to elucidate the role of glutamine in minimally invasive surgery. Methodology: We retrospectively reviewed subtotal gastrectomy patients in National Taiwan University Hospital from Dec 2005 to Dec 2008. The patients were divided ...
Lee Hyun-Jin - - 2012
Vascular disorders and viral infections are considered the main causes of sudden hearing loss (SHL), although its pathogenesis remain unclear. Treatments include carbogen inhalation and lipo-prostaglandin E1 (lipo-PGE1), both of which have circulation-enhancing effects. We investigated the effectiveness of carbogen inhalation and lipo-PGE1 in SHL. This retrospective review included 202 ...
Jang Ji Su - - 2012
This prospective study evaluated the effects of continuous sedation using midazolam, with or without remifentanil, on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing myringoplasty. Sixty patients undergoing myringoplasty were sedated with midazolam in the presence of remifentanil (group MR), or after saline injection instead of remifentanil (group M). Three ...
Abu-Kishk Ibrahim - - 2012
The unique properties of remifentanil make it ideal for pediatric use despite a lack of wide randomized clinical trials and fear of adverse events due to its high potency. We aimed to consolidate preliminary conclusions regarding the efficacy of remifentanil use in pediatric scoliosis surgery. The medical charts of children ...
Chung Kevin C - - 2012
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often results in deformities at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints. Patients with severe deformities can be treated by silicone metacarpophalangeal joint arthroplasty (SMPA). The objective of the study is to prospectively compare long-term outcomes for an SMPA surgical and a nonsurgical cohort of RA patients. A total of ...
Plurad David S - - 2012
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use for donors with hemodynamic instability is common. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of HRT in donors without significant cardiovascular dysfunction and examine outcomes according to vasopressor exposure. All successfully procured donors admitted between January 1, 2006, and March 31, 2011, ...
Mowafi Hany A HA Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dammam University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia. - - 2012
The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to determine the more effective supplemental analgesic, paracetamol or lornoxicam, for postoperative pain relief after lower abdominal surgery. Sixty patients scheduled for lower abdominal surgery under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to receive either isotonic saline (control group), intravenous paracetamol 1 ...
Schoenthaler Martin - - 2012
Objective parameters for the classification of ureteral injuries and resulting indications for ureteral stent placement after ureteroscopy are lacking. We hereby present a new classification system including proof of interrater reliability and validation of recommendations for postoperative ureteral stent placement. The Postureteroscopic Lesion Scale (PULS) was applied in 435 patients ...
Brehant Olivier - - 2012
PURPOSE: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a major concern in colorectal surgery (CRS). It accounts for 60 % of all postoperative complications and has an incidence of between 10 and 30 %. The gentamicin-collagen sponge (GCS) was developed to help avoid SSI. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the ...
Yang Yi - - 2012
Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is an uncommon neurological disorder, consisting of brief attacks of involuntary movements triggered by sudden action. Patients with PKD generally respond positively to antiepileptic drugs. We compared the efficacy and tolerability of oxcarbazepine (OXC) and carbamazepine (CBZ) in the treatment of PKD, in order to find ...
Merino J G - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:CNS complications are often seen after heart surgery, and postsurgical disruption of the BBB may play an etiologic role. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of MR imaging-detected BBB disruption (HARM) and DWI lesions after cardiac surgery.MATERIALS AND METHODS:All patients had an MRI after ...
Zada Gabriel - - 2012
The ability to reliably identify patients with new hypocortisolemia acutely following pituitary surgery is critical. We aimed to quantify the postoperative cortisol stress response following selective transsphenoidal adenomectomy, as a marker for postoperative preservation of functional pituitary gland. Records of 208 patients undergoing transsphenoidal operations for pituitary lesions were reviewed. ...
Chu Daniel I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Classical teaching advocates watchful waiting for 2 days before operating on adhesive-related intestinal obstructions (AIOs). Our aim was to compare the clinical and cost outcomes of early versus late adhesiolysis for AIOs. DESIGN: Patients undergoing adhesiolysis for AIOs from the 2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample were stratified to early (≤2 days from ...
Semeraro Francesco - - 2012
To report the effectiveness and safety of intravitreal bevacizumab injection (IVB) compared with low-fluence photodynamic therapy (L-PDT) in eyes with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). This was a prospective comparative interventional study of 22 patients affected by chronic CSC. Patients were randomly assigned to group 1 (12 patients treated with ...
Mao Jiude - - 2012
Although improving, the efficiency of producing offspring by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is still low (<1.5%). Our laboratory has demonstrated that histone deacetylase inhibitor (Scriptaid) treatment of reconstructed embryos enhances blastocyst formation and cloning efficiency in pigs. It has also been shown that proteasomal inhibitor MG132 treatment for 2 h ...
Sun Xu X Department of Spine Surgery, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing 210008, - - 2013
Brace treatment has served as a vital non-surgical procedure for immature adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients with a mild or moderate curve. For the patients who fail in bracing and resort to surgery, it is unclear whether prior full-time brace treatment significantly influences outcomes. This study aims to investigate whether ...
Kibadi K - - 2012
This population-based cross-sectional study sought to assess the epidemiology of keloids and the reasons for refusal of surgical treatment for them in 24 municipalities of Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo). The study took 3 months (from March 1 through May 31, 2011) and enrolled 71 patients (43 females and ...
Volckaert Veerle - - 2012
A successful, euthyroid outcome after radioiodine therapy in hyperthyroid cats ranges from 83% to 95%. Thyroid volume has been reported as one of the factors influencing radioiodine therapy outcome in man and cats. The goal of this study was to describe the most reliable and practically applicable formula to determine ...
Dai Daying - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that systemic administration of vitamin C, through its action of stimulating collagen synthesis and crosslinking, would decrease the recurrence and improve the occlusion of experimental aneurysms treated with platinum coils. METHODS: Experimental aneurysms were created in female rabbits and were embolized with platinum ...
Okonta Kelechi E - - 2012
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was, 'Is double or single patch for sinus venous atrial septal defect repair the better option in prevention of postoperative venous obstruction?' Altogether seventy nine papers were found using the reported search; ten ...
Malcolme-Lawes Louisa C LC Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, - - 2013
Recurrent arrhythmias after ablation procedures are often caused by recovery of ablated tissue. Robotic catheter manipulation systems increase catheter tip stability which improves energy delivery and could produce more transmural lesions. We tested this assertion using bipolar voltage attenuation as a marker of lesion quality comparing robotic and manual circumferential ...
Bona Robert - - 2012
QUESTION How do oral direct factor Xa inhibitors compare with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients having total knee replacement (TKR) or total hip replacement (THR)? REVIEW SCOPE Included studies compared oral direct factor Xa inhibitors with LMWH in patients who had TKR or THR ...
Adeolu Augustine Abiodun - - 2012
Introduction. The traditional care of patients with subacute/chronic subdural haematoma (S/CSDH) often involves delayed mobilization after burr-hole drainage. It is thought that delayed mobilization aids brain re-expansion thereby reducing the risk of recurrence. However, there is paucity of information regarding its efficacy and safety over early mobilization. We evaluated the ...
Wu Xing - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hemiarthroplasty is used to treat patients with Neer four-part fractures but the post-operative complication rate remains high, particularly with regard to shoulder joint instability. This study was aimed at evaluating the efficacy of a modified rotator cuff reconstruction and balance technique by comparing it with conventional rotator cuff restoration ...
Goldust Mohamad - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Treatment of scabies is an important issue in infectious dermatology. The aim of this study was to specify whether permethrin is effective for the treatment of human scabies and to compare its effectiveness with that of 1% lindane by topical application. Methods: 220 patients with scabies with the ...
Nilsson Johan - - 2012
Allogeneic blood transfusion and reoperation for postoperative bleeding after the coronary artery bypass grafting have a negative impact on the patient outcome. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of reduced doses of heparin and protamine on the patient outcome, using a heparin-coated mini-cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) system. Sixty patients undergoing ...
Ni Bin B Department of Spinal Surgery, The second affiliated hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2013
To retrospectively evaluate the outcome of C1-2 transarticular screws combined with C1 laminar hooks fixation. All patients underwent atlantoaxial fixation during a 5-year period. The surgical technique and treatment procedures were intensively reviewed and clinical symptoms, neurological function and imaging appearance were retrospectively evaluated. The clinical and radiology follow-up indicated ...
Monasterio Luis - - 2012
Objective : To compare nasoalveolar molding (NAM) effect employing a nasal elevator plus DynaCleft and NAM-Grayson system in patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. Method : Prospective study in two groups. Group A included 20 consecutive patients treated with DynaCleft and a nasal elevator before lip surgery. Group ...
Lee Nora G - - 2012
PURPOSE: Recent data comparing prenatal to postnatal closure of myelomeningocele showed a decreased need for ventriculoperitoneal shunting and improved lower extremity motor outcomes in patients who underwent closure prenatally. A total of 11 children whose spinal defect was closed in utero were followed at our spina bifida center. We hypothesized ...
Mostafa Alyaa - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare the postoperative pain profile, peri-operative details, and short-term patient-reported and objective success rates of single-incision mini-slings (SIMS) versus standard mid-urethral slings (SMUS). STUDY DESIGN: In a multicentre prospective randomised trial in six UK centres in the period between October 2009 and October 2010, 137 women were randomised ...
Essick Greg - - 2012
Objective : To determine whether secondary lip revision surgery impacts sensitivity of the upper lip. Design : A three-group, parallel, prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. Setting : University of North Carolina School of Dentistry. Patients, Participants : Three groups: (1) patients with repaired cleft lip/palate who were scheduled for lip revision ...
Bulacio Juan C - - 2012
Purpose:  Despite advances in "noninvasive" localization techniques, many patients with medically intractable epilepsy require the placement of subdural (subdural grid electrode, SDE) and/or depth electrodes for the identification and definition of extent of the epileptic region. This study investigates the trends in longitudinal seizure outcome and its predictors in this ...
Wegehaupt Florian J - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To investigate the abrasive wear of surface sealants (Seal&Protect and K-0184 (experimental sealant)) and the influence of pre-treatment with mineral deposit forming prophylaxis pastes (NUPRO Sensodyne and NUPRO) on this wear. Methods. One hundred and eight bovine dentine samples were randomly allocated to nine groups (1-9). Pre-treatment (10 ...
Liu Shan-Xin - - 2012
Background: Studies comparing the procedural and clinical outcomes of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) guided by CartoMerge and that by Carto have achieved mixed results (Carto, Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA). We collected these studies and conducted a meta-analysis to determine whether CartoMerge results in better procedural and ...
Smith Matthew D - - 2012
A best evidence topic in neurosurgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: In patients undergoing craniostomy for the evacuation of chronic subdural haematoma, does the use of two burr-holes compared to one burr-hole improve clinical outcomes? A total of 238 papers were identified using reported ...
Soni Anushka - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Although total knee replacement (TKR) is cost effective and successful in most cases, patient-reported outcome measures demonstrate 20% of people remain unsatisfied at 1 year after a technically successful procedure. Our group has previously shown that patients with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA) awaiting surgery can achieve a short-term reduction ...
Park Min Jung - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Arthroscopic remplissage is a novel procedure recently advocated for the treatment of large Hill-Sachs lesions with recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability. We have shown previously that infraspinatus tenodesis and Bankart repair reduce the risk of recurrent instability in high-risk patients. The ability to perform this procedure arthroscopically and without the need ...
Webb Brandon J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The 2005 ATS/IDSA guidelines defined healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) as a novel category of pneumonia in patients with significant healthcare exposure in whom the risk of drug resistant bacteria may be higher. In this study, we compare clinical outcomes in patients with HCAP who were treated with guideline-concordant antibiotic regimens ...
Walker Stuart Robert - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess a novel, new, nitinol clip for performing arteriovenous anastomoses. METHODS: This was a pilot, randomized, blinded trial. The trial was register with Clinicaltrials.gov identifier - NCT00829153. Thirty-one patients undergoing autologous arteriovenous fistulas for renal access, where the inflow artery had a ...
Gilchrist Alienor S - - 2012
AIMS: To determine the rate of progression or regression of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in subjects with symptomatic POP who decline intervention (pessary or surgery) and elect observation. METHODS: Sixty-four patients choosing observation as primary management of symptomatic POP were followed with sequential pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) exams. A ...
Sedivy P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report on the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with primary infected aortic aneurysm (IAA) treated by stent graft (SG) in two centers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Over a period of 15 years, 32 patients with IAA underwent endovascular treatment. None had undergone previous aortic surgery. The causal relationship ...
White Adrian - - 2012
Acupuncture has been provided in nurse-led group clinics in St Albans since 2008. It is funded by a commissioning group within the National Health Service, on a trial basis, for patients with knee osteoarthritis who would otherwise be referred to an orthopaedic surgeon. To evaluate the patients seen in the ...
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