Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 5082
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Chirica Mircea - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Surgery is the criterion standard for the treatment of severe burns and of late sequels after ingestion of corrosive agents, but long-term outcome is unknown. METHODS:: Patients who underwent surgery between 1987 and 2006, for the treatment of severe caustic burns (group I, n = 268) or of late ...
Arauz A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and predictors of ischaemic recurrent stroke and the adverse events of antithrombotic therapy in patients with first intra- or extracranial vertebral artery dissection (VAD) who were treated with aspirin or oral anticoagulation (OA). METHODS: A 21-year database of consecutive patients with confirmed diagnoses ...
Evarestov R A - - 2012
Rod groups (monoperiodic subgroups of the 3-periodic space groups) are considered as a special case of the commensurate line groups (discrete symmetry groups of the three-dimensional objects translationally periodic along a line). Two different factorizations of line groups are considered: (1) The standard L = T(a)F used in crystallography for ...
Giordano Raffaele - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We conducted a retrospective study of cyanotic and acyanotic patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass to determine the effect of tranexamic acid on blood loss and blood products administered during the operation in pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2011, during 2 different periods, a total of 231 ...
Gabbe Belinda J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate recovery after major trauma over a 24-month time frame. BACKGROUND:: Measuring disability after injury is seen as increasingly important but requires knowledge not only of the measures that should be implemented but also of the critical time points for follow-up. METHODS:: Six hundred sixty-two adult major trauma ...
Latowsky Brenda C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fractionated technology has revolutionized laser therapy. With the success of initial devices, several fractionated lasers have appeared on the market. Claims of superiority have made device choice difficult for physicians and patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve subjects were treated with fractionated ablative lasers (10,600-nm carbon dioxide and 2790-nm yttrium ...
Vitouley Hervé Sèna - - 2012
Trypanocidal drug resistance is unanimously recognized as a threat for livestock production in regions where the prevalence of trypanosomosis is high. To assess the impact of the disease and the effect of drug resistance on the health of small ruminants, twelve Trypanosoma vivax isolates collected in 6 villages in the ...
Song Myeong Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a widely used treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma. In order to maximize its therapeutic efficacy, doxorubicin-loaded drug-eluting beads have been developed to deliver higher doses of the chemotherapeutic agent and to prolong contact time with the tumor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
Stucken Emily Z - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Revision stapes operations have lower success rates than primary surgeries. Success rates have increased since the introduction of the laser. Visible (KTP, argon) and infrared (CO2) spectrum lasers have been used in stapes surgery. A concern has been raised regarding the use of visible lasers in revision stapedectomy because ...
Yu Tzu-Chieh - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate clinical benefits of warm, humidified carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation for acute laparoscopic appendicectomy on postoperative pain and recovery in children (age 8-14 years). BACKGROUND:: Conventional CO2 insufflation leads to desiccation-related peritoneal inflammation and injury, which is preventable with warm, humidified CO2 gas. We hypothesized that reduced peritoneal ...
Ogiwara Hideki - - 2012
Object Several operative techniques have been reported to increase the cerebral blood flow (CBF) of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) territory in patients with moyamoya disease. However, the optimal procedure has not yet been determined. This study compared the efficacy of performing bifrontal encephalogaleosynangiosis (EGS) using a craniotomy with performing ...
Campos Gisele N - - 2012
Residual pockets are challenging sites that require additional periodontal therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a single photodynamic therapy (PDT) as an adjunct to scaling and root planning (SRP) in residual pockets in single-rooted teeth. A blind, split-mouth, randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted ...
Sharma R K - - 2012
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the ovarian follicular response to GnRH at two dose levels in prepubertal Murrah buffalo heifers during hot-humid months. Heifers received 10μg (Group A, n=7) or 20μg (Group B, n=6) of GnRH during the growing phase of the dominant follicle (DF>6mm), as ...
Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad - - 2012
PURPOSE: We present the long-term results of a new modification of endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux involving concomitant injection of autologous blood following the standard hydrodistention injection technique to prevent bulking agent leakage immediately after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 341 children underwent endoscopic implantation of dextranomer/hyaluronic ...
Celebi Nükhet - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the serum lidocaine concentrations (SLC) after local infiltration anesthesia (IA) and mandibular anesthesias (MA) in rabbits with carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced chronic liver damage (CLD). STUDY DESIGN: Fourteen rabbits were administered CCl(4) in group 1, MA (CLD-MA; n = 7); in group 2, IA ...
Villa Erica - - 2012
We performed a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of enoxaparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin, in preventing portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with advanced cirrhosis. In a nonblinded, single-center study, 70 outpatients with cirrhosis (Child-Pugh classes B7-C10) with demonstrated patent portal veins and without hepatocellular carcinoma were ...
Porpiglia Francesco - - 2013
The advantages of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) over laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) have rarely been investigated in randomised controlled trials. To compare RARP and LRP in terms of the functional, perioperative, and oncologic outcomes. The main end point of the study was changes in continence 3 mo after surgery. From ...
Rovirosa Angeles - - 2012
PURPOSE: To analyze the results of daily high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRBT) on local control and toxicity in the postoperative treatment of endometrial carcinoma (EC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2007 to September 2010, 112 patients were treated with HDRBT after surgery for EC. FIGO staging: 24-IA, 48-IB, 14-II, 12-IIIA, 2-IIIB, 8-IIIC1 ...
Rubino Antonino S - - 2012
Objectives: Leukocyte depletion (LD) has been reported to reduce inflammatory damage during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We evaluated the role of LD in pulmonary function and inflammatory response.Methods: Seventy consecutive CABG patients were randomized (1:1) to receive LD on both arterial and cardioplegia lines (Filters) or standard arterial filters (Controls) during ...
Ng Chi-Fai - - 2012
PURPOSE: We assessed the effects of different shock wave delivery rates in patients treated with shock wave lithotripsy for renal stones, particularly treatment success, degree of renal injury and pain experienced, and analgesic demand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 206 patients with renal stones were prospectively randomized to receive ...
Budach Svenja C - - 2012
Background -  Cutaneous cytology is used in veterinary dermatology to assess bacteria and yeast on the skin surface and in the ears for diagnostic purposes and to monitor treatment success. A number of methods were used in reported studies to quantify micro-organisms on cytology, but evaluation of the intra- and interobserver ...
Jung Seung Chai - - 2012
In this study, we propose a new method for the enhancement of intraarterial thrombolysis by use of an endovascular vibrating polymer actuator probe (VPAP), which is fabricated from an ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) actuator. The endovascular VPAP was fabricated by combining 0.8 × 0.8 × 10 mm3 IPMC samples, ...
Otani Koji - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: A retrospective long-term (minimum 10-year) follow-up and comparative study. OBJECTIVE:: To compare the clinical outcome of surgically treated primary lumbar disc herniation by conventional discectomy alone and discectomy with posterolateral fusion without instrumentation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Primary lumbar disc herniation is usually treated by discectomy alone. The ...
Bansal V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis is widely used in pediatric patients undergoing appendectomy, but evidence showing a reduction of postoperative infectious complications is lacking. METHODS: A prospective consecutive cohort study on changing from preoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis to no prophylaxis in children undergoing urgent appendectomy was undertaken. The impact of this change ...
Bencsik Gábor - - 2012
Randomized Trial of ICE During CTI Ablation. Introduction: Despite a high success rate, radio-frequency ablation (RFA) of the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) can be unusually challenging in some cases. We postulated that visualization of the CTI with intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) could maximize the succes rate, decrease the procedure and ablation time, ...
Takahashi Miwako - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to elucidate differences in preoperative cerebral glucose metabolism between patients who did and did not become seizure free after unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) surgery. We hypothesized that regional glucose metabolism on preoperative fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in patients with seizure-free outcomes differed from ...
Holtkamp Martin - - 2012
Purpose:  Surgery in frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) has a worse prognosis regarding seizure freedom than anterior lobectomy in temporal lobe epilepsy. The current study aimed to assess whether intracranial interictal and ictal EEG findings in addition to clinical and scalp EEG data help to predict outcome in a series of ...
Deguchi Ichiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between CHADS(2) scores and the rate of antithrombotic drug use and clinical outcomes in patients with an initial cardioembolic stroke who had nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). METHODS: In 234 patients (135 men and 99 women; mean age [±SD] 76 ± 11 years) with initial ...
Karabay Oguz - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Interferons, pegylated interferons (PegIFN), and oral antivirals are used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus infection. The number of studies comparing the efficacy of PegIFNs in the treatment of HBe antigen-negative CHB is rather limited. In this trial, the efficacy of two PegIFN products used in ...
Janols Helena - - 2012
Background: In resource-limited settings the monitoring of tuberculosis (TB) patients is challenging, and early identification of TB patients with a high mortality risk is important. The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively whether early changes in a clinical scoring system (TB score) can predict treatment outcome in Ethiopian ...
Sorkhdini Parand - - 2012
Background: Recently, Radachlorin has been shown to be a promising photosensitizer in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of adjunctive application of Radachlorin-mediated antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) compared to scaling and root planing (SRP) alone on clinical parameters and cytokine levels in gingival ...
Gravas Stavros - - 2012
PURPOSE: Current guidelines recommend prophylactic antibiotic therapy for all patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy. We examined the effects of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy with negative preoperative urine cultures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 5,803 patients in the CROES (Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society) Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Global ...
Kwon Taek-Geun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We evaluated discrepancy of calcium detection between gray scale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and virtual histology (VH)-IVUS and the association between coronary calcium and plaque composition. METHODS: Study population consisted of 162 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with VH-IVUS study. Subjects were divided into 3 groups based on ...
Liang Jian-Hui - - 2012
Purpose: This study attempted to observe the effect of feeding regulation measures (FRM) for the construction of an esophageal channel function in a neoesophagus using an artificial nitinol esophagus. Methods: Experiments were divided among groups: group 1, receiving FRM; and group 2, the non-feeding regulation measures (NFRM) group. Results: Ten ...
Volpon José Batista - - 2012
Legg-Calvé-Perthes (LCP) disease is currently managed by mechanical containment of the femoral head in the hip socket. As evidence suggests that hip distraction may offer a new treatment strategy, we used arthrodistraction as a primary treatment for active forms of LCP disease and prospectively compared the results with the Salter ...
Basu Sumoyee - - 2012
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether, in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, concomitant bipolar radiofrequency ablation had an acceptable success rate to justify the additional procedure. Altogether 263 papers were found using the reported search, of which 12 ...
MacRae Jennifer M - - 2012
Buttonhole needling is reported to be associated with less pain than standard needling. The purpose of this study was to compare patient perceived pain and fistula complications in buttonhole and standard needling. In this study, 140 conventional hemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to buttonhole or standard needling. The primary outcome ...
Zehm Sarah - - 2012
Long-term aesthetic results after reduction mammaplasty remain an important issue for evaluating the success of different techniques. Superior pedicled techniques are reported to maintain a better breast projection with less bottoming-out of the inferior mammary pole than inferior pedicled techniques. The outcomes of 18 patients who had undergone the superior ...
Pet Mitchell M Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, - - 2013
The Heart Rhythm Society, European Heart Rhythm Association, and European Cardiac Arrhythmia Society jointly recommend indefinite warfarin anticoagulation in patients with CHADS2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, and stroke) score of at least 2 who have undergone ablation for atrial fibrillation. This study determined the impact of CHADS2 score ...
Turan Alparslan A Department of Outcomes Research, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. - - 2013
Nitrous oxide (N2O) has been widely used in clinical anesthesia for >150 years. However, use of N2O has decreased in recent years because of concern about the drug's metabolic side effects. But evidence that routine use of N2O causes clinically important toxicity remains elusive. We therefore evaluated the relationship between ...
Mita Kazuhito - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Perioperative antithrombotic treatment for gastric cancer patients receiving chronic anticoagulation and/or antiplatelet agents requires an understanding of potential bleeding and thromboembolic risks. However, no study has examined the safety aspects of perioperative antithrombotic treatment during radical gastrectomy. This study sought to evaluate postoperative bleeding and thromboembolic complications after radical ...
Lee Tae-Eun - - 2012
Citation information: Lee TE & Kim SH. Accommodative and tonic convergence and anatomical contracture in partially accommodative and non-accommodative esotropia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2012. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2012.00924.x ABSTRACT: Purpose:  To compare accommodative convergence, tonic convergence, and anatomical contracture quantitatively in partially accommodative esotropia vs non-accommodative esotropia. Methods:  Patients with an esotropia ...
Zhu Zhenxin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) has not been widely used after gastrectomy, although, in other abdominal surgery, it benefits patients more than patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). We attempted to determine the effect of PCEA compared with PCIA on postoperative pain control and recovery after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: A ...
Ahmed Issaq - - 2012
Arthroscopic Bankart repair and capsular shift is a well-established technique for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes following arthroscopic Bankart repair and capsular shift and to identify risk factors that are predictive of recurrence of glenohumeral instability. We performed a ...
Friedmacher Florian - - 2012
PURPOSE: Internal anal sphincter (IAS) achalasia is a clinical condition with presentation similar to Hirschsprung's disease, but with the presence of ganglion cells on rectal suction biopsy (RSB). The diagnosis is made by anorectal manometry (ARM), which demonstrates the absence of the rectosphincteric reflex on rectal balloon inflation. The recommended ...
Kim J-Young - - 2012
Achilles tendon lengthening can decrease plantar pressures, leading to resolution of forefoot ulceration in patients with diabetes mellitus. However, this procedure has been reported to have a complication rate of 10% to 30% and can require a long period of postoperative immobilization. We have developed a new technique, selective plantar ...
Hennis P J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>For several types of non-cardiac surgery, the cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET)-derived variables anaerobic threshold (AT), peak oxygen consumption ( peak), and ventilatory equivalent for CO(2) () are predictive of increased postoperative risk: less physically fit patients having a greater risk of adverse outcome. We investigated this relationship in patients ...
Oner Veysi - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of fixed combination brimonidine-timolol (FCBT) in comparison with brimonidine tartrate 0.2% and control for the treatment of intraocular pressure (IOP) spikes after neodymium:YAG (Nd:YAG) laser posterior capsulotomy. Methods: One hundred five eyes of 105 patients were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomized to ...
Mor Alessandro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is one of the most common approaches used to revise post-bariatric patients with inadequate weight loss or significant weight regain. Previous studies have analyzed the outcomes of open revisional RYGB versus primary RYGB, but no case-control matched analysis comparing revisional LRYGB versus primary LRYGB ...
Jang Je-Ho - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We conducted a randomized clinical trial to investigate the efficacy of the selective α(1A)-adrenoceptor antagonist tamsulosin in preventing acute voiding difficulty after rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: A total of 94 rectal cancer patients with an International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of ≤7 were randomly assigned (1:1) to the tamsulosin ...
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