Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1638
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Darabaneanu Stephanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous sweat gland suction curettage (SSGSC) is gaining acceptance as a therapy for axillary hyperhidrosis. Despite its acceptance, there remains a lack of prospective data describing the efficacy and long-term outcome of SSGSC. OBJECTIVE: We examined the sweat rates and patients' satisfaction of 12 months following SGSC in 28 ...
Al-Tarshihi Mohammad I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To document the possible complications of video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy procedure and their frequency of occurrence. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at King Hussein Medical Center, Amman, Jordan, between April 2001 and January 2006. Two hundred and seven patients underwent thoracoscopic sympathectomy for the treatment of facial, axillary, and/or ...
Hsieh Ming-Ju - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although elderly patients with thoracic disease were considered to be poor candidates for thoracotomy before, recent advances in preoperative and postoperative care as well as surgical techniques have improved outcomes of thoracotomies in this patient group. The aim of this study was to investigate surgical risk factors and results ...
Peters Nils - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CT-guided interstitial brachytherapy of primary lung malignancies and pulmonary metastases represents a novel interventional technique, combining conventional high-dose-rate (HDR) iridium-192 ((192)Ir) brachytherapy with modern CT guidance for applicator positioning and computer-aided 3-D radiation treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to assess safety and efficacy of ...
Mitchell John D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung infections involving nontuberculous mycobacteria are often inadequately treated owing to concomitant lung parenchymal damage, leading to persistence of the offending organisms. Little is known about the results of surgical therapy as part of a multimodality approach to these infections. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 236 ...
Volpicelli Giovanni - - 2008
PURPOSES: Multiple artifacts B lines (B+) at transthoracic lung ultrasound have been proposed as a sonographic sign of pulmonary congestion. Our aim is to assess B+ clearance after medical treatment in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and to compare the usefulness of sonography with other traditional tools in monitoring resolution ...
Inan K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyperhidrosis is pathological perspiration in palmar, plantar or axillary surfaces. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is currently the most commonly used therapy for hyperhidrosis. Blockage of sympathetic ganglia is achieved by segmental resection, transection and/or cauterization, and clipping of the chain. We aimed to compare the efficacy of these methods ...
Orki Alpay - - 2009
In this paper, we present 3 patients who had previously undergone pneumonectomy and then presented with a spontaneous pneumothorax. The indication for pneumonectomy was tuberculosis and NSCLC in 2 and 1 patient, respectively. The interval between the surgery and development of pneumothorax was 2, 4, and 11 years. On admission, ...
Giovannetti Riccardo - - 2008
Management of bronchiectasis remains controversial and information on long-term results of surgical treatment is poor. Clinical records of 45 patients, who underwent surgery for bronchiectasis in an 8-year period, were retrospectively reviewed. Bronchiectasis focus was isolated in 24 cases, associated with a limited homolateral or controlateral focus in 9 and ...
Muehling Bernd M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fast track programs, multimodal therapy strategies, have been introduced in many surgical fields to minimize postoperative morbidity and mortality. In terms of lung resections no randomized controlled trials exist to evaluate such patient care programs. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized controlled pilot study a conservative and fast track treatment ...
Luzzi Luca - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term respiratory outcome of patients who underwent pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), analysing functional tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients who were candidates for pneumonectomy performed spirometry before and at least 24 months after surgery in the ...
Chen Jin-Shing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal initial management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) remains controversial. This study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intrapleural minocycline following aspiration for initial treatment of PSP. METHODS: Between January 2004 and November 2006, 64 patients with a first episode of PSP were successfully treated by ...
Chamberlain Martin H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In the preoperative workup for radical surgery for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), mediastinal lymph node staging, diagnostic pleural biopsies and effusion control with talc pleurodesis are required. We present a new technique combining these objectives via a single cervical incision using the videomediastinoscope and demonstrate its clinical benefits. METHODS: ...
Bérezné Alice - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and safety of 6-month intravenous cyclophosphamide (CYC) followed by 18-month oral azathioprine (AZA) therapy in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and worsening interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS: All patients presented with ILD and worsened forced vital capacity (FVC) and/or total lung capacity of more than ...
Iwasaki Akinori - - 2008
Although there has been progress in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), there have been no reports about the skill needed to perform this surgery for patients with stage I lung cancer. We reviewed a randomized series of surgeons in a single institution and attempted to identify the quality of skill needed ...
Li Xu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Compensatory sweating is a major and troublesome complication noted frequently after sympathectomy in patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis. This randomized clinical trial was projected to measure the impact of limited denervation on compensatory sweating while performing endoscopic thoracic sympthectomy. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-two patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis were ...
Lee Karen S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence and severity of expiratory multidetector computer tomography airway abnormalities, including central airway collapse and peripheral air trapping, before and after tracheoplasty, a novel surgical treatment for tracheomalacia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our hospital information system retrospectively identified all patients with ...
Rashid Moheb A - - 2008
A 23-year-old man was bilaterally stabbed with knife creating 10 cm wide wounds similar to minithoracotomy incisions. Initially, the patient had no cardiac or respiratory activity. Emergency resuscitative thoracotomy was hastily performed on the right side. An Immediate manual occlusion of the pulmonary hilum was done as damage control. A ...
Kramoh Euloge Kouadio - - 2008
Reduced left lung perfusion has been described following percutaneous occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We aimed to identify the incidence of lung perfusion abnormalities and the associated risk factors in our consecutive series. Between November 1994 and December 2003, 150 procedures were performed on 145 patients, age 4.6 ...
Rabe Klaus F - - 2008
A 6-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study was conducted in patients with COPD to compare lung function improvements of tiotropium, 18 microg qd, plus formoterol, 12 microg bid, to salmeterol, 50 microg bid, plus fluticasone, 500 microg bid. Following a screening visit, subjects entered a run-in period in which they ...
Sciuchetti Jennifer Francesca - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Video-endoscopic sympathectomy is the current treatment of choice for severe primary hyperhidrosis. Because of the possible postsurgical side effects, the procedure is carried out using removable endoclips that block sympathetic nerve transmission. This study describes the short and "midterm" side effects and complications of this method for the treatment ...
Chung Won Jae - - 2008
Recurrence after thoracoscopic surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax is a lingering problem, and many intraoperative methods to induce pleural symphysis have been introduced. We analyzed the effects of chemical pleurodesis during thoracoscopic procedures. Between August 2003 and July 2005, 141 patients among indicated surgical treatment for primary spontaneous pneumothorax in ...
McLaughlin Anne Marie - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Recombinant human deoxyribonuclease (rhDNase) reduces sputum viscosity and improves pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis (CF). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe our experience in which rhDNase (Pulmozyme; Roche, Basel, Switzerland) was administered by bronchoscopic instillation into atelectatic lobes in five adults with CF. CONCLUSION: We found ...
Tacconi Federico - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Optimal management of emphysematous patients who have lost the benefits achieved after lung volume reduction surgery is a clinical dilemma. We have hypothesized that in stringently selected instances, lung volume reduction reoperations might be considered as a salvage surgical treatment. We sought to analyze the results of a series ...
Haraguchi Shuji - - 2008
The postoperative recurrence rate of pneumothorax tends to be higher with thoracoscopic bullectomy than with conventional plication of bullae by axillary thoracotomy or posterolateral thoracotomy. We analyzed the risk factors for postoperative recurrence of pneumothorax in young patients treated with thoracoscopic bullectomy alone for primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Univariate and multivariate ...
Elefteriades J - - 2008
AIM: The etiology, clinical impact, natural history and best therapy of unilateral diaphragm paralysis (UDP) are incompletely understood. This condition is not amenable to pacing, which requires an intact phrenic nerve. METHODS: Clinical records of patients with UDP referred to our diaphragm center were reviewed. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients (28 male, ...
Chen Yi-jen - - 2008
To review our experience of the treatment of bilateral primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Retrospective chart review was followed by an on-clinic or telephone interview. Patients were cared for by one thoracic surgeon in four medical centers or community hospitals in Northern and Central Taiwan. Thirteen ...
Mahdy Tarek - - 2008
Most surgeons still perform T2 or T2-3 sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis (PH), but both of these treatments can cause severe side effects. Some recent articles advocating T4 sympathectomy have obtained satisfactory results. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of 3 different levels of sympathectomy. Between July ...
Chataigner Olivier - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that affect operative mortality and morbidity and long-term survival after completion pneumonectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of consecutive patients who underwent completion pneumonectomy at our cardiothoracic surgery department from January 1996 to December 2005. RESULTS: We identified 69 patients, who accounted for 17.8% of ...
Roh Jong-Lyel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Foreign body (FB) aspiration affects lung function and often results in pulmonary complications. We have assessed the clinical and radiological predictors of delayed lung recovery after rigid bronchoscopic removal of airway FBs. METHODS: The demographic data, clinical presentations, treatment profiles, pre- and post-treatment chest radiographs, and treatment outcomes were ...
Nicastri Daniel G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Controversies regarding the safety, morbidity, and mortality of thoracoscopic lobectomy have prevented the widespread acceptance of the procedure. This series analyzed the safety, pain, analgesic use, and discharge disposition in patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy and segmentectomy at a single institution. METHODS: We collected data from 153 consecutive patients ...
Sonmezoglu Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic empyema is not a rare complication of pulmonary tuberculosis. Various treatment modalities ranging from open drainage to pneumonectomy, depending on the status of the disease, have been used to treat this complication. However, the best strategy for this disease remains unknown. This study examined the results of different ...
Molnar T F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the possible cause for an unacceptable frequency of postresectional pneumothorax in cases of ultrasonic scalpel use without a further reinforcing maneuver in lung biopsy during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). METHODS: Data for a series of 16 consecutive VATS lung biopsy patients (group A) in ...
Renner A - - 2008
Our 18-year old female patient suffered from microscopic polyangiitis. After invasive diagnostics, a diffuse alveolar hemorrhage occurred, leading to acute lung failure. In spite of differential ventilation, respiratory insufficiency and lactate-acidosis increased quickly. Due to the massive hemorrhage, a pumpless extracorporeal lung assist was implanted and, after six hours, low-dose ...
Demirhan R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The optimal treatment of children with empyema remains controversial. The purpose of this clinical retrospective study was to assess different treatment options in the management of postpneumonic pediatric empyemas. METHODS: From April 1997 to October 2005, 111 consecutive children (57 boys and 54 girls) were managed for pleural empyema. ...
Ninomiya Itasu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The attainment of proficiency in thoracoscopic radical esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer requires much experience. We aimed to master this procedure safely with our regular surgical team members under the direction of an experienced surgeon. We evaluated the efficacy of instruction during the induction period and the significance of ...
Aspirot Ann - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The timing and need of resection of asymptomatic congenital lung lesions are controversial. The morbidity of such surgery needs to be considered in the decision analysis. We analyzed the contemporary outcome of infants and neonates undergoing lung resection. METHODS: With institutional review board approval, all patients 12 months or ...
Gayan-Ramirez Ghislaine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term functional outcome of diaphragm paralysis is largely unknown. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 23 consecutive patients (21 males, 56+/-9 years) with uni- or bilateral diaphragm paralysis to examine whether functional respiratory recovery can be predicted from the compound motor action potential (CMAP) of the diaphragm at ...
Varela Gonzalo - - 2008
Preoperative evaluation before lung resection has been frequently addressed in modern medical literature. Actual or predicted pulmonary volumes are considered relevant to predict the risk of surgery. Nevertheless, ppoFEV1 underestimates the real functional loss in the immediate postoperative period when most of the complications occur. Not all patients, however, have ...
Nikolić Igor - - 2008
AIM: To test the predictive value of stairs climbing test for the development of postoperative complications in lung cancer patients with forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)<2 L, selected for an elective lung surgery. METHODS: The prospective study was conducted in 101 consecutive patients with an FEV1<2 L selected ...
Shaw Jason P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Thoracoscopic lobectomy is performed with increasing frequency for early-stage lung cancer. Several published reports suggest thoracoscopic resection is safe, with the potential advantage of shorter hospital stay, quicker recovery, and comparable oncologic results. METHODS: Data on 180 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy or sublobar anatomic ...
Sumikawa Hiromitsu - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the pathological correlation with various high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings in cases with nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), paying special attention to pathological subgroups. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 29 patients diagnosed with NSIP by surgical lung biopsy. A total of 54 specimens were obtained and grouped according ...
Leo Francesco - - 2008
BACKGROUND: One of the characteristics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the tendency to develop acute exacerbation, defined by the presence of different clinical findings as worsening dyspnea, increase in sputum purulence and volume. This study was designed to verify if definition of acute COPD exacerbation is applicable to ...
Groenewegen Karin H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterized by episodic increases in respiratory symptoms, so-called exacerbations. COPD exacerbations are associated with an increase in local and systemic inflammation. Data of a previously published study in a well-characterized COPD cohort were analyzed to define predictive factors of acute exacerbations, particularly focusing on systemic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: ...
Bissler John J - - 2008
Angiomyolipomas in patients with the tuberous sclerosis complex or sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis are associated with mutations in tuberous sclerosis genes resulting in constitutive activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). The drug sirolimus suppresses mTOR signaling. We conducted a 24-month, nonrandomized, open-label trial to determine whether sirolimus reduces the angiomyolipoma ...
Mostafa Ghanei
The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of emphysema and accuracy of Pulmonary Function Test (PFT), comparing with chest High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT), in smokers with history of exposure to toxic fumes (Sulfur Mustard; SM). This was a cross sectional study (2003-2004) on 20 symptomatic smokers ...
Rathinam Sridhar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy (VATS) is an established minimally invasive procedure for thoracic sympathetic blockade in patients with hyperhidrosis, facial flushing and intractable angina. Various techniques using clips, diathermy and excision are used to perform sympathectomy. We present our technique of excision of the sympathetic chain with histological proof and ...
Morita M - - 2008
Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of most serious complications to occur after an esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. However, the pathogenesis of ALI is still unclear. The cytokine levels of pleural drainage fluid as well as peripheral blood were measured in 27 patients who had undergone an extended radical esophagectomy. ...
Dionigi G - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Several studies have demonstrated that endoscopic thyroidectomy is a safe technique. Aim of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of video-assisted thyroidectomy (VAT) performed by a junior surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We consider 67 consecutive standard VAT gasless approaches. VAT was performed by an under 35-years-old ...
Kawayama Tomotaka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although combination therapy with bronchodilators is recommended for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there is insufficient evidence for the efficacy of some combinations of long-acting bronchodilators. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of a combination therapy with tiotropium and theophylline in COPD patients. METHODS: In a 12-week, open-labeled, parallel-group randomized ...
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