Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1653
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Brunelli Alessandro - - 2010
The objective of this randomised trial was to assess the effectiveness of a new fast-track chest tube removal protocol taking advantage of digital monitoring of air leak compared to a traditional protocol using visual and subjective assessment of air leak (bubbles). One hundred and sixty-six patients submitted to pulmonary lobectomy ...
Chen Yong-bing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy had replaced open surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of using a single port and two ports to perform video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Between April 2006 and February 2008, 20 cases underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy through one port ...
Nath Dilip S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is considerable literature on incidence and medical management of postsurgical chylothorax in children but little is known about outcomes of thoracic duct ligation (TDL) for patients refractory to medical therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing TDL after cardiothoracic surgery (1992 through 2007) was done. Data on ...
Kaya Zühre - - 2009
Pulmonary complications (PC) remain a significant barrier to the success of allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation (BMT). Pretransplant pulmonary function tests (PFTs) have been correlated with risk of early respiratory failure and mortality in adult BMT recipients. There is limited data on their relationship to posttransplant outcomes in pediatric patients. ...
Delgado M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The indication for single or double lung transplantation in patients diagnosed with pulmonary emphysema is a topic of current debate. Our aim was to analyze the differences in the incidence of perioperative complications, survival, and quality of life between single and double lung transplantations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1999 ...
Luh Shi-Ping - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as a significant pleural effusion in patients with liver cirrhosis and without underlying cardiopulmonary diseases. Treatment of hepatic hydrothorax remains a challenge at present. METHODS: Herein we share our experiences in the treatment of 12 patients with hepatic hydrothorax by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Repair ...
Stamatelopoulos A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Talc remains a commonly used agent for pleurodesis malignant pleural effusion. Nevertheless, it is associated with a 3-9% incidence of pulmonary reactions ranging from simple pneumonitis to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The underlying lung pathology and the size and rate of talc particle dissemination have been implicated as ...
Al-Rashidi Faleh - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We have evaluated a new technique of cardiac de-airing that is aimed at a) minimizing air from entering into the pulmonary veins by opening both pleurae and allowing lungs to collapse and b) flushing out residual air from the lungs by staged cardiac filling and lung ventilation. These air ...
Oliveira Humberto Alves - - 2009
Ramicotomy is a surgical procedure, with less adverse effects than conventional sympathectomy, however, it was abandoned due to the high recurrence rate. Twenty-eight pigs underwent bilateral videothoracoscopic ramicotomy and were divided into five groups. The animals were sacrificed at 15th, 45th, 90th, 135th and 180th postoperative days (POD). The segments ...
Ponce Gonz?lez Miguel Angel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the long-term effects of conventional and simplified thoracic sympathectomy on cardiopulmonary function. METHODS: We performed a prospective and randomized study of 32 patients with diagnoses of primary hyperhidrosis who were candidates for either conventional or simplified thoracic sympathectomy. Patients were randomized according to the type ...
Miller Daniel L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Palmar hyperhidrosis can be psychosocially devastating. Sympathectomy provides effective treatment. The most common side effect after sympathectomy is compensatory hyperhidrosis, which can be debilitating. Controversy exists as to which and how many levels treated carry the lowest incidence of compensatory hyperhidrosis after sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Retrospective review ...
Chen Gong - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of iatrogenic gastroschisis on pulmonary hypoplasia in fetal rabbits with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 pregnant rabbits received fetal surgery on gestational day 23. A left diaphragmatic hernia was created in one end ...
Cruz Jorge M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is performed for the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis (PH). The second and third sympathetic thoracic ganglions excised in ETS also innervate the heart and lung. OBJECTIVE: In the present work we studied the cardiopulmonary effects of ETS in a group of patients with PH. METHODS: ...
Sugimura Hiroshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The study objectives were to assess 1) postoperative satisfaction and the occurrence of compensatory sweating after endoscopic thoracic sympathetic clipping in a consecutive series of patients and 2) the reversibility of adverse effects by removing the surgical clips. METHODS: Between June 1998 and March 2006, 727 patients undergoing bilateral ...
Chapman Kenneth R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Augmentation with exogenous alpha1-antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) is the only specific therapy for alpha1-AT deficiency. Uncertainty persists concerning its effectiveness. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that augmentation therapy in patients with alpha1-AT deficiency slows the decline in FEV1. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized and nonrandomized clinical studies with either parallel-group design or single ...
Battaglia Elvia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the rationale of the combined use of a new expiratory device in association with a previously assessed inspiratory device in improving 3 indicators of the respiratory muscle strength, for example, maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), and dyspnea grade. DESIGN: Randomized trial. SETTING: Home-based pulmonary ...
Rathinam Sridhar - - 2009
Various investigators have addressed the minimum lung function required to activate breathalyzers, and the impact of comorbid respiratory illness. We postulated that subjects with significant chest trauma may have difficulty in providing an adequate breathalyzer sample. A prospective self-controlled study of 20 patients who underwent thoracotomy was conducted between August ...
Lee Kwon-Hyun - - 2009
Paraquat-induced lung injury has been considered a progressive and irreversible disease. The purpose of this study was to report the long-term evolution of lung lesions in eight survivors with significant paraquat-induced lung injuries who could be followed-up for longer than 6 months. We retrospectively examined high-resolution computed tomography and pulmonary ...
Tomaszek Sandra C SC Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2009
To review our experience with video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy with respect to morbidity, mortality, and short-term outcome. VATS lobectomies were performed in 56 patients between July 6, 2006, and February 26, 2008. Two patients declined consent for research participation and were excluded. Clinical data for 54 patients were collected from ...
Kobayashi Seiichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer patients with COPD are at high risk during surgery. Tiotropium, a long-acting bronchodilator, is a preferred maintenance therapy for COPD, but its efficacy in the perioperative period has not been clarified. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of 102 patients with ...
Abe Tomonobu - - 2009
The primary objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and safety of treatment with Sivelestat in humans to attenuate post-cardiopulmonary bypass lung injury. Twenty patients scheduled to undergo on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery were randomized to receive either 0.3 mg/kg/h intravenous Sivelestat sodium (Sivelestat group; n=10) or isotonic ...
Chéreau E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the morbidity of diaphragmatic peritonectomy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A Gynecology Department of a University Hospital. POPULATION: From 2005 to 2007, thirty-seven consecutive patients underwent surgery for stage IIIC or IV ovarian cancer. METHODS: Patients were separated into a diaphragmatic surgery group (n = 18) and ...
Ureña Anna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic bilateral thoracic sympathicolysis (EBTS) is an effective and minimally invasive procedure used for patients with primary hyperhidrosis. The purpose of this study was to examine plantar hyperhidrosis before and after EBTS. METHODS: A total of 198 patients with primary hyperhidrosis underwent 396 thoracoscopic sympathicolysis of ganglia T2-T3 in ...
Uyar Meral - - 2009
Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is indicated by the presence of red blood cells, fibrin and haemosiderin deposits in the lung parenchyma. We present a case of DAH in a 25-year-old male following 5-nitroimidazole treatment. The first episode of haemoptysis occurred following metronidazole treatment 10 months previously. The second episode of ...
Liu Yun-Hen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The benefit of bullae ablation for the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) has been established. However, various modalities for bullae ablation have been reported from different centers. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess whether endoloop ligation of bullae was as effective as staple bullectomy for preventing the ...
Zhong T - - 2009
Double-lumen endotracheal tubes and bronchial blockers allow lung isolation for one-lung ventilation. Few studies, however, directly compare these devices. Further, a new endobronchial blocker (Coopdech) is available in some countries. Our primary hypothesis was that bronchial blockers would be associated with less sore throat or hoarse voice than double-lumen tubes. ...
Sucato Daniel J - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of adding a thoracoscopic release and fusion performed in the prone position with double lung ventilation to a posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation (PSFI) for severe idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A prone thoracoscopic anterior release (TAR) offers the ...
Kim Won Oak - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study aimed to compare the efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathicotomy at the T3 or T4 level in the treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Patients were operated on for palmar hyperhidrosis from April 2004 to December 2007, and classified as the T3 (n = 56) or T4 (n ...
Travaline John M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prolonged pulmonary air leaks are a significant source of frustration for patients and physicians. When conventional therapy fails, an alternative to prolonged chest tube drainage or surgery is needed. Bronchoscopic blockage of a bronchus can be performed with the hope of accelerating closure of the air leak by reducing ...
Terra Ricardo Mingarini RM Division of Thoracic Surgery, Heart Institute (InCor), Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.. - - 2009
To analyze and compare radiologic lung expansion after talc pleurodesis performed either by videothoracoscopy or chest tube and correlate it with clinical outcome. Secondary end points evaluated were as follows: clinical efficacy; quality of life; safety; and survival. Prospective randomized study that included 60 patients (45 women, 15 men; mean ...
Kang Li-Qing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: CT perfusion imaging (CTP) has been proved to be a powerful functional imaging technique. This study aimed to evaluate the value of CTP in guiding biopsy of pulmonary lumps. METHODS: A total of 147 patients with pulmonary lumps who had CT guided biopsies were enrolled in this study from ...
Osman Yildirim - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine respiratory functions of patients after open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to compare the advantages. METHODS: Fifty five cases with cholelithiasis subjected to elective cholescystectomy were studied. The patients were divided into two groups. Open Cholecystectomy (OC) was performed on 27 cases (Group I), and Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) ...
Perger Lena - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Aortopexy is an established treatment method for severe tracheomalacia. It can be performed by thoracotomy or thoracoscopically. The purpose of this study is to review our experience with thoracoscopic aortopexy. METHODS: Thoracoscopic aortopexy was performed for treatment of tracheomalacia in five patients. A left-sided approach with three ports was ...
Bakhshandeh Ali Reza - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Large pericardial effusions after cardiac surgery develop in 30% of patients and reach their maximum size on approximately day 10 postoperatively. Tamponade develops in approximately 1% of patients with large pericardial effusions. Effusion may be prevented by posterior pericardiotomy, but its role and possible adverse consequences are controversial. We ...
Ono Hiroshi - - 2009
We investigated whether spectral analysis with fast Fourier transform (FFT) of inspiratory lung sounds is useful in the diagnosis and evaluation of the severity of interstitial pneumonia (IP). The study population included 10 healthy volunteers (healthy group) and 21 patients with IP (IP group). We generated inspiratory averaged linear intensities ...
Subotic Dragan - - 2009
In septuagenarians, lobectomy is the preferable operation, with lower morbidity than for pneumonectomy. However, the 1-year impact of lobectomy on lung function has not been well studied in elderly patients. Retrospective study including 30 patients 70 years or older (study group), 25 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) under ...
Honda O - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of volumetric software evaluation and manual evaluation of tumour growth. Three observers manually evaluated whether tumour volume was increasing, if it was unchanged, or if it had decreased in size in 2 serial CT examinations of 45 solid lung cancers. ...
Okur E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Following lower lung lobe resection, prolonged air leaks and residual pleural space are common. We investigated whether an artificially induced prophylactic intraoperative pneumoperitoneum would prevent these complications. METHOD: Sixty patients who underwent lower lobectomy or bilobectomy were prospectively randomized into 2 groups according to the use of intraoperative pneumoperitoneum. ...
Nakanishi Kozo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The outcome of thoracoscopic bullectomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is not satisfactory. To reduce postoperative pneumothorax recurrence after thoracoscopic bullectomy, an effective and easy surgical method is required. We tried a new method using an absorbable mesh that covered the whole apical visceral pleura. METHODS: A total of ...
Nakajima Jun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of surgical treatment for patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS: Among consecutive patients with secondary pneumothorax who had undergone surgical treatment from 1993 to 2007, those with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and those with diffuse pulmonary fibrotic diseases (PFD) were collected and divided ...
D'Andrilli Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A prospective, randomized study to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a polymeric sealant (Coseal, Baxter Healthcare, Deerfield, IL) to reduce air leaks and to improve postoperative outcome in patients undergoing lung resection. METHODS: Between November 2005 and February 2008, 203 (128 M, 75 F) patients showing moderate/severe intraoperative ...
Chen Jin-Shing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is the popular method for treating primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). Nevertheless, the optimal management of pneumothorax recurrence after VATS remains unclear. This study evaluated the efficacies of various treatment methods. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2008, 53 cases of recurrent ipsilateral pneumothoraces were noted after 978 ...
Garcia-Aymerich Judith - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the benefits of regular physical activity in the evolution of COPD have not been established. Our objective was to assess the relationship between regular physical activity and the clinical and functional characteristics of COPD. METHODS: Three hundred forty-one patients were hospitalized for the first time because ...
Lin Meng-Chih - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of procalcitonin (PCT) in parapneumonic pleural effusion (PPPE) as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of the outcome has not been examined before. METHODS: From the emergency department, 82 adult patients with pleural effusions were enrolled in this prospective study and divided into the following two groups: the ...
Scherer Mirela - - 2009
Pulmonary dysfunction with impairment of lung function and oxygenation is one of the most serious problems in the early postoperative period after cardiac surgery. In this study we investigated the effect of alveolar recruitment strategy during cardiopulmonary bypass on postoperative gas exchange and lung function. This prospective randomized study included ...
Tacconi Federico - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Prolonged air leak occurs frequently after lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) and can negatively affect both morbidity and hospital stay. We hypothesised that awake nonresectional LVRS could reduce the duration of air leak in emphysema patients. METHODS: This analysis included 66 patients undergoing awake, unilateral plication of the most ...
Cheng Yeung-Leung - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The crucial role of cigarette smoking in the development of pneumothorax is unclear because nonsmokers can also develop primary spontaneous pneumothorax. The purpose of this study was to clarify the pathophysiologic effects of cigarette smoking and its clinical correlations in primary spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS: Included were 115 specimens of ...
Yamada Hiroyuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: With the changing age distribution, the number of elderly patients with gastric cancer is anticipated to increase. This study evaluated the morbidity and mortality of laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) in patients older than 80. METHODS AND METHODS: A total of 74 patients who underwent LAG for gastric cancer were assigned ...
Cavigli Edoardo - - 2009
We compared whole-lung densitometry with visual evaluation of pulmonary emphysema. Thirty patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease underwent multi-detector CT (150 mAs and 0.75 collimation) with double reconstruction: thick (5-mm) slices with smooth filter for whole-lung densitometry and thin (1 mm) slices with sharp filter for visual assessment (one of ...
Lin Ming-Tzer - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Delayed diagnosis and treatment of a polymorphonuclear cell (PMN)-predominant pleural effusion due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) are associated with poor outcome and the risk of tuberculosis transmission. We investigated the clinical differences of PMN-predominant pleural effusion due to MTB or other microorganisms. METHODS: From January 2000 to April 2007, ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >