Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1638
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Bakhshandeh Ali Reza - - 2009
Large pericardial effusions develop in 30% of patients after cardiac surgery, and reach their maximum size after 10 days, with tamponade in 1%. The aim of this prospective randomized case-controlled study was to assess the effectiveness of a posterior pericardiotomy in preventing early and late (>30 days) development of pericardial ...
Sahai Rohit K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: While thoracoscopic surgical lobectomy is an established operation, the safety of thoracoscopic pneumonectomy (TP) is uncertain. METHODS: From January 1, 2002, to September 30, 2008 at a comprehensive cancer center, 70 patients underwent pneumonectomy. Three patients were excluded for emergent operations. Thoracoscopic pneumonectomy was completed successfully in 24 patients ...
Palmen Meindert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recurrent thoracic empyema in the presence of residual lung tissue can be treated with an open window thoracostomy (OWT). Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) of these large thoracic defects is a novel option. METHODS: Nineteen patients with residual lung tissue received an OWT for treatment of recurrent thoracic empyema. In this ...
Celik B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between weather conditions and pneumothorax episodes in the patients with spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) admitted to our hospitals. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients diagnosed with SP and admitted to two hospitals in our area between January 2004 and January ...
Ramos-Izquierdo R - - 2010
AIM: To review our experience of treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax by videothoracoscopic talc pleurodesis. METHODS: From 2000 to 2008, 124 consecutive patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax were operated; 105 were men (84.7%) and 19 were women (15.3%) with a mean age of 26.6 years (range 17-46 years). RESULTS: No ...
Rena Ottavio - - 2009
A pilot trial to compare the efficacy of two different procedures to prevent postoperative air-leak in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients submitted to upper lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Sixty patients with COPD and lung cancer at the upper pulmonary lobes eligible for lobectomy were enrolled and randomly ...
Chou Shah-Hwa - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: More than 50% of patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax have contralateral blebs/bullae, and about a quarter will develop a contralateral pneumothorax. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the need for elective treatment of asymptomatic contralateral blebs/bullae in patients presenting with primary spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS: From May ...
Tacconi Federico - - 2010
To evaluate feasibility, technical features and results of video-assisted pleural decortication for empyema thoracis performed in awake patients. This retrospective analysis involved a cohort of 19 patients (median age: 58 years) undergoing awake video-assisted thoracoscopic pleural decortication under epidural anaesthesia (N=15) or paravertebral blocks (N=4) between March 2004 and September ...
Perna Valerio - - 2010
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is uncommon and is traditionally considered a benign, self-limited disorder that usually occurs in young adults without any apparent precipitating factor or disease. The purpose of this study is to present 47 new cases because of their different clinical behaviours. A descriptive, retrospective case series was conducted to ...
Handy John R JR - - 2010
We evaluated video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and open (OPEN) lobectomy for lung cancer and impact upon 6-month postoperative (postop) functional health status and quality of life. In this retrospective analysis of prospective, observational data, anatomic lobectomy with staging thoracic lymphadenectomy was performed with curative intent for lung cancer. OPEN consisted ...
Novoa Nuria - - 2009
To describe and compare the daily ambulatory activity of the patients before and one month after major lung resection. Daily activity was measured using a pedometer (OMROM Walking Style PRO) given preoperatively in a prospective way to a series of 21 consecutive cases scheduled for lobectomy or pneumonectomy. Analyzed variables ...
Nagata Kouji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The natural history of patients with antenatally diagnosed congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CCAM) is still fully unknown. In symptomatic patients with respiratory distress, an operation is performed during the neonatal period. However, in asymptomatic patients, the optimal timing of the operation remains controversial. During the period ...
Cakmakkaya Ozlem S - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a pulmonary maneuver designed to recruit additional alveoli (thereby decreasing atelectasis) applied before extubation can restore pulmonary compliance to baseline values. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Operating room of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 20 ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled to undergo ...
Kashiwabara Kosuke - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether functional preservation after segmentectomy has a greater advantage of pulmonary functions than volume-reduction effects after lobectomy in patients with emphysema with clinical T1N0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2006, 47 cases of lobectomy and 71 cases of segmentectomy ...
Merlin G??rard - - 2009
A compost biofilter enriched in earthworms was adapted to treat cheese whey produced by a dairy in a mountainous area of the French pre-Alps. Until now, this type of installation has only been developed in mountain pasture areas and therefore only functions during the months of mountain pasture grazing, from ...
Morrison C Anne - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Early evacuation of retained hemothorax (RHTX) has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. In 2006, our trauma surgery service instituted a clinical pathway for management of RHTX that was designed to decrease time to operation and improve patient outcomes. We report our experience with early evacuation of posttraumatic RHTX ...
Hoffman R S - - 2009
Some experimental models suggest that the use of pralidoxime in carbamate toxicity is deleterious. Although pretreatment with atropine minimizes the adverse effect of pralidoxime reported in these models, concerns over the risks of pralidoxime in humans with carbamate poisoning continue. We present a unique case of carbamate toxicity treated successfully ...
Carr S J - - 2009
PURPOSE: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) impair health-related quality of life (HRQL). We evaluated the effect of an abbreviated repeat pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program on HRQL after an AECOPD. METHODS: Patients who had completed PR were followed for up to 12 months to identify an AECOPD and ...
Beling Janna - - 2009
Purpose: It has been hypothesized that lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) and pulmonary rehabilitation improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis by examining the long-term functional consequences and general health status of patients with emphysema who have undergone LVRS and pulmonary ...
Decramer Marc - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of pharmacotherapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are well established. However, there are few data for treatment in the early stages of the disease. We examined the effect of tiotropium on outcomes in a large subgroup of patients with moderate COPD. METHODS: The Understanding Potential ...
Sugi Kazuro - - 2010
The present intervention study was conducted to prospectively evaluate the long-term prognosis for video-assisted limited surgery, such as wedge resection and segmentectomy, for clinically early lung cancers depending on findings in high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Patients were enrolled in the study between 2001 and 2004, and followed up for five ...
Katanyuwong Poomiporn - - 2009
This study aimed to determine the incidence and outcome of postoperative chylous pleural effusion as well as the efficacy of pleurodesis for its management after surgery for congenital heart disease. Medical and surgical databases were used to identify all patients who had surgery for congenital heart disease and subsequently experienced ...
Swiniarska Joanna - - 2009
Surgical treatment of lung cancer is associated with an elevated risk of thrombo-embolic complications. The question is whether the extent of pulmonary resection influences the concentration of serum coagulation system proteins. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the blood coagulation activation parameters among patients undergoing pneumonectomy and lobectomy due to ...
Shannon V R - - 2010
Pulmonary infiltrates frequently complicate hematopoietic SCT (HSCT). The utility of fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in the evaluation of new pulmonary infiltrates, particularly as it relates to optimal timing of the procedure, is unclear. Based on this, we retrospectively reviewed 501 consecutive, adult, nonintubated patients who underwent 598 ...
D?hn Doreen - - 2010
PURPOSE: In some randomized trials, the treatment outcome of locally advanced esophageal cancer has been significantly improved by neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy (RCT). However, increased perioperative pulmonary toxicity in terms of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been linked to radiation exposure of the lungs. In our study we evaluated perioperative morbidity ...
Jeon Kyeongman - - 2009
RATIONALE: The optimal therapeutic regimen and duration of treatment for Mycobacterium abscessus lung disease is not well established. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a standardized combination antibiotic therapy for the treatment of M. abscessus lung disease. METHODS: Sixty-five patients (11 males, 55 females, median age 55 yr) with M. ...
Zhao Zhanqi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the plausibility, stability, and interindividual comparability of the global inhomogeneity index (GI) based on electrical impedance tomography (EIT). METHODS: The lung area in an EIT image was identified by using the lung area estimation method, which mirrors the lung regions in the functional EIT image and subsequently ...
Villamizar Nestor R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Advantages of thoracoscopic lobectomy include less postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization, and improved delivery of adjuvant chemotherapy. The incidence of postoperative complications has not been thoroughly assessed. This study analyzes morbidity after lobectomy to compare the thoracoscopic approach and thoracotomy. METHODS: By using a prospective database, the outcomes of patients ...
Backer Carl Lewis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital tracheal stenosis may also have unilateral lung agenesis or severe lung hypoplasia. The purpose of this review is to evaluate our results with these patients and compare their presentations and outcomes to those of tracheal stenosis patients with two lungs. METHODS: Our database was queried for ...
Freeman Richard K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sympathectomy for severe palmar hyperhidrosis occasionally fails. This investigation reviews our experience with reoperative thoracoscopic sympathectomy (RS) for patients with persistent or recurrent palmar hyperhidrosis after sympathectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing RS for palmar hyperhidrosis was conducted. Comparison was made with all patients undergoing an initial ...
Fukui Takayuki - - 2009
We have been using a silastic drain [Blake drain (BD)] after pulmonary resection by different placement methods and reviewed the daily amount of drainage in each patient. A 19-Fr BD was placed for each of 110 patients. First, a drain was inserted from the anterior chest wall and the tip ...
Cardillo Giuseppe - - 2009
We seek to evaluate the comparative merits of thoracoscopic versus open decortication in the surgical management of patients with chronic postpneumonic pleural empyema. From January 1996 to December 2006, 308 patients (180 males, 128 females, mean age: 56.3 years, range: 17-82 years) with chronic postpneumonic pleural empyema underwent decortication after ...
Le Pimpec-Barthes Françoise - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Single-lung transplantation (SLTX) in patients with previous contralateral pneumonectomy (PN) is a rarely observed situation. Intrathoracic anatomical changes caused by mediastinal shift may complicate the surgical procedure. We collected observations from different transplantation centres to analyse the technical aspects and results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 1990 and September ...
Calvinho Paulo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Diaphragmmatic eventration is a relatively uncommon entity with a simple surgical correction technique--plication of the diaphragm. This study aims to assess the clinical and ventilatory impact of this technique. MATERIALS: From April 1988 to February 2007, we operated on 20 patients (12 men) with diaphragmmatic eventration using the postero-lateral ...
Zoremba Martin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Even several days after surgery, obese patients exhibit a measureable amount of atelectasis and thus are predisposed to postoperative pulmonary complications. Particularly in ambulatory surgery, rapid recovery of pulmonary function is desired to ensure early discharge of the obese patient. In this study, we wanted to evaluate intensive short-term ...
Brunelli Alessandro - - 2010
The objective of this randomised trial was to assess the effectiveness of a new fast-track chest tube removal protocol taking advantage of digital monitoring of air leak compared to a traditional protocol using visual and subjective assessment of air leak (bubbles). One hundred and sixty-six patients submitted to pulmonary lobectomy ...
Chen Yong-bing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy had replaced open surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of using a single port and two ports to perform video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Between April 2006 and February 2008, 20 cases underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy through one port ...
Nath Dilip S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is considerable literature on incidence and medical management of postsurgical chylothorax in children but little is known about outcomes of thoracic duct ligation (TDL) for patients refractory to medical therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing TDL after cardiothoracic surgery (1992 through 2007) was done. Data on ...
Kaya Zühre - - 2009
Pulmonary complications (PC) remain a significant barrier to the success of allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation (BMT). Pretransplant pulmonary function tests (PFTs) have been correlated with risk of early respiratory failure and mortality in adult BMT recipients. There is limited data on their relationship to posttransplant outcomes in pediatric patients. ...
Delgado M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The indication for single or double lung transplantation in patients diagnosed with pulmonary emphysema is a topic of current debate. Our aim was to analyze the differences in the incidence of perioperative complications, survival, and quality of life between single and double lung transplantations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1999 ...
Luh Shi-Ping - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as a significant pleural effusion in patients with liver cirrhosis and without underlying cardiopulmonary diseases. Treatment of hepatic hydrothorax remains a challenge at present. METHODS: Herein we share our experiences in the treatment of 12 patients with hepatic hydrothorax by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Repair ...
Stamatelopoulos A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Talc remains a commonly used agent for pleurodesis malignant pleural effusion. Nevertheless, it is associated with a 3-9% incidence of pulmonary reactions ranging from simple pneumonitis to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The underlying lung pathology and the size and rate of talc particle dissemination have been implicated as ...
Al-Rashidi Faleh - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We have evaluated a new technique of cardiac de-airing that is aimed at a) minimizing air from entering into the pulmonary veins by opening both pleurae and allowing lungs to collapse and b) flushing out residual air from the lungs by staged cardiac filling and lung ventilation. These air ...
Oliveira Humberto Alves - - 2009
Ramicotomy is a surgical procedure, with less adverse effects than conventional sympathectomy, however, it was abandoned due to the high recurrence rate. Twenty-eight pigs underwent bilateral videothoracoscopic ramicotomy and were divided into five groups. The animals were sacrificed at 15th, 45th, 90th, 135th and 180th postoperative days (POD). The segments ...
Ponce Gonz?lez Miguel Angel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the long-term effects of conventional and simplified thoracic sympathectomy on cardiopulmonary function. METHODS: We performed a prospective and randomized study of 32 patients with diagnoses of primary hyperhidrosis who were candidates for either conventional or simplified thoracic sympathectomy. Patients were randomized according to the type ...
Miller Daniel L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Palmar hyperhidrosis can be psychosocially devastating. Sympathectomy provides effective treatment. The most common side effect after sympathectomy is compensatory hyperhidrosis, which can be debilitating. Controversy exists as to which and how many levels treated carry the lowest incidence of compensatory hyperhidrosis after sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Retrospective review ...
Chen Gong - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of iatrogenic gastroschisis on pulmonary hypoplasia in fetal rabbits with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 pregnant rabbits received fetal surgery on gestational day 23. A left diaphragmatic hernia was created in one end ...
Cruz Jorge M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is performed for the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis (PH). The second and third sympathetic thoracic ganglions excised in ETS also innervate the heart and lung. OBJECTIVE: In the present work we studied the cardiopulmonary effects of ETS in a group of patients with PH. METHODS: ...
Sugimura Hiroshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The study objectives were to assess 1) postoperative satisfaction and the occurrence of compensatory sweating after endoscopic thoracic sympathetic clipping in a consecutive series of patients and 2) the reversibility of adverse effects by removing the surgical clips. METHODS: Between June 1998 and March 2006, 727 patients undergoing bilateral ...
Chapman Kenneth R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Augmentation with exogenous alpha1-antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) is the only specific therapy for alpha1-AT deficiency. Uncertainty persists concerning its effectiveness. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that augmentation therapy in patients with alpha1-AT deficiency slows the decline in FEV1. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized and nonrandomized clinical studies with either parallel-group design or single ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >