Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1661
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Aldrich Thomas K - - 2010
The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, exposed thousands of Fire Department of New York City (FDNY) rescue workers to dust, leading to substantial declines in lung function in the first year. We sought to determine the longer-term effects of exposure. Using linear mixed models, ...
Licht Peter B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) is a well-established treatment for primary hyperhidrosis and facial blushing. Not everyone has the desired local effect either from primary failure of the operation or because symptoms recurred. The incidence varies in the literature and treatment by resympathicotomy (re-ETS) is controversial. There is no information ...
Kim Victor - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Poorly reversible airflow obstruction is a hallmark feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, some COPD patients demonstrate significant bronchodilator reversibility (BDR). The pathologic features associated with the presence or absence of this phenomenon are not known. METHODS: We analyzed 67 patients with advanced upper lobe predominant emphysema ...
Park Joon Suk - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of sleeve lobectomy (SL) and pneumonectomy (PN) and to determine which one is more acceptable standard procedure for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: From 1996 to 2005, 424 patients underwent SL (n = 157) and PN (n ...
Mourissoux Gaëlle - - 2010
PURPOSE: This retrospective study was performed in order to determine if patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have larger main bronchi than patients with less severe disease. METHODS: Charts of patients having had a spirometric evaluation of their COPD and a digitized thin-slice computed tomography (CT) scan ...
Koç Togay - - 2010
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed whether insertion of an intercostal chest drain prolongs the length of stay of patients undergoing lung biopsy. Altogether 210 papers were found using the reported search, of which 10 represented the best evidence ...
Carretta Angelo - - 2010
The presence of emphysema may lead to an underestimation of postoperative respiratory function after lobectomy when evaluated by standard functional assessment. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between computed tomography (CT) densitometry, pathological grading of emphysema and variation of pulmonary function after lobectomy for lung cancer. ...
Boothe Harry W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE-To determine the effect of treatment approach on outcome and the appropriateness of initial empirical antimicrobial treatment in dogs with pyothorax. DESIGN-Retrospective case series. ANIMALS-46 dogs with pyothorax confirmed by either (n = 15) or both (31) of the following: intracellular bacteria in pleural fluid or tissue (41) and bacteria ...
Morrier Janelle - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of a seed-migration detector and to compare its performance to fluoroscopy and postoperative chest radiographs. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A gamma scintillation survey meter was converted to a seed-migration detector by adding a shield on the probe detection window. The detector response to three (125)I seed ...
Sundararajan L - - 2010
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been shown to be an effective intervention in the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but its role in elderly patients is not clearly defined. We investigated the effectiveness of rehabilitation in elderly patients with COPD. Patients underwent multidisciplinary PR in a hospital ...
Liberman Moishe - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Persistent air leak (PAL; defined as air leak > 5 days) after major pulmonary resection is prevalent and associated with significant morbidity. This study examines an incompletely characterized treatment for the management of PAL, chemical pleurodesis. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study examining all isolated lobectomies and bilobectomies by thoracotomy ...
Kurihara Masatoshi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Currently, the treatment of pneumothorax varies among hospitals. Three factors account for the differences. First, pneumothorax expresses the state of disease instead of the disease itself. Some pneumothoraces heal on their own but patients with pneumothorax due to chronic diseases may need further intervention. The decision for the choice ...
Metin M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the results of minimally invasive treatment modalities in early stage multiloculated empyema thoracis. The minimally invasive treatment modalities of 114 patients with Class 5 thoracic empyema were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' demographics, symptoms, diagnostic studies, treatment options and complications were evaluated. A ...
Moore Alastair J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Gas trapping in emphysema results in resting and dynamic hyperinflation. We tested the hypothesis that a direct connection between the lung parenchyma and the atmosphere could increase expiratory flow and thereby potentially improve dyspnea through the relief of gas trapping. METHODS: Ex vivo we studied 7 emphysematous lungs and ...
Colaci M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by abnormal fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, particularly the lungs. Recent reports have revealed a lack of correlation between bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) variations and response to cyclophosphamide (CYC) in patients with scleroderma-related alveolitis. Our study aimed to evaluate whether the normalization of ...
Refai Majed - - 2010
The objective of this investigation was to compare postoperative morbidity and early and late mortality in patients after pneumonectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with or without induction neo-adjuvant therapy. This is an observational study performed on prospectively collected data at four tertiary referral centres (2000-2007). Of 225 pneumonectomies for ...
Ahmad Tanveer - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical presentation and results of pulmonary resection in simple and complex aspergilloma of the lung. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from January 2003 to December 2008. METHODOLOGY: Fifty-one adult patients with unilateral ...
Oliveira Juliana F - - 2010
Tuberculosis (TB) remains as an important public health problem worldwide. The most common type is pulmonary TB, and the most prevalent form of extra-pulmonary disease among HIV-negative patients is pleural disease. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on fluid ...
Sontag Marci K MK Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, 13001 E 17th, Box B119, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2010
Airway secretion clearance therapies are a cornerstone of cystic fibrosis care, however longitudinal comparative studies are rare. Our objectives were to compare three therapies [postural drainage and percussion: (postural drainage), flutter device (FD), and high frequency chest wall oscillation: (vest)], by studying (1) change in pulmonary function; (2) time to ...
Rea Harold - - 2010
AIM: Persistent airway inflammation with mucus retention in patients with chronic airway disorders such as COPD and bronchiectasis may lead to frequent exacerbations, reduced lung function and poor quality of life. This study investigates if long-term humidification therapy with high flow fully humidified air at 37 degrees C through nasal ...
Reeve Julie C - - 2010
This study investigates whether targeted postoperative respiratory physiotherapy decreased the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications and length of stay for patients undergoing elective pulmonary resection via open thoracotomy. Seventy-six patients participated in a prospective, single-blind, parallel-group, randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding and intention-to-treat analysis. Treatment group participants received ...
Komasawa Nobuyasu - - 2010
To compare tracheal intubation with the Pentax Airway Scope (AWS) and the Macintosh laryngoscope (McL) during chest compression, 25 anesthesiologists (including 12 specialists having >5 years of experience and 13 trainees having <2 years of experience) performed tracheal intubation using either the McL or the AWS, with or without chest ...
Nakanishi Kozo - - 2010
Fibrin glues are widely used for various pulmonary operations, but commercially produced glues are made of heterogeneous fibrinogen that has infection risks. We used autologous cryoprecipitate and evaluated its clinical value as a fibrin sealant instead of the commercially available glue. One hundred patients who underwent thoracoscopic bullectomy for primary ...
Dey A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The management of recurrent pleural effusion or pneumothorax has always been a cause for serious concern among chest physicians. Among the wide variety of agents that are available for pleurodesis, povidone iodine is now perhaps the most sought after agent as it is cheap, easily available, effective and safe. ...
Suehiro Koichi - - 2010
To examine perioperative management and complications in patients undergoing pneumonectomy. Observational cohort study. University-affiliated city hospital. 65 patients who underwent unilateral pneumonectomy for resection of lung cancer between March 1997 and October 2007 were included in this study. Patients who underwent pneumonectomy were then classified into two groups: Group C ...
Souza Yglesio Moyses de - - 2010
The antibacterial effect of ozone (O(3)) has been described in the extant literature, but the role of O(3) therapy in the treatment of certain types of infection remains controversial. To evaluate the effect of intraperitoneal (i.p.) O(3) application in a cecal ligation/puncture rat model on interleukins (IL-6, IL-10) and cytokine-induced ...
Harmatz Paul - - 2010
Pulmonary function is impaired in untreated mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI). Pulmonary function was studied in patients during long-term enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant human arylsulfatase B (rhASB; rhN-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase). Pulmonary function tests prior to and for up to 240 weeks of weekly infusions of rhASB at 1 mg/kg ...
Sanders Don B DB 1Division of Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin. USA. - - 2010
Lung function (FEV(1)) generally improves during treatment of pulmonary exacerbations in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, it is unclear how often return to previous baseline FEV(1) is achieved. (1) To determine the proportion of pediatric patients with CF treated for a pulmonary exacerbation who fail to recover to baseline ...
Kaneko Kenitiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There are still few reports on thoracoscopic lobectomy in neonates. The rate of prenatally diagnosed congenital cystic lung diseases is increasing, and such diseases appear to be a good indication for thoracoscopic lobectomy. METHODS: We performed a prospective trial of thoracoscopic lobectomy for all congenital cystic lung diseases in ...
Ueda K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tiotropium, a long-acting bronchodilator, can be used perioperatively in patients with lung cancer and airway obstruction, although its benefits for the perioperative outcome remain unclear. METHODS: We prospectively collected the perioperative data of 44 patients with resectable lung cancer and untreated airway obstruction. Tiotropium was not used before September ...
Weingarten T N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: 'Open lung' ventilation is commonly used in patients with acute lung injury and has been shown to improve intraoperative oxygenation in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. The feasibility of an 'open lung' ventilatory strategy in elderly patients under general anaesthesia has not previously been assessed. METHODS: 'Open lung' ventilation ...
Kikkawa Tomohiro - - 2010
There is a report that S100A12 is useful as an early marker of acute lung injury (ALI). The purpose of this study was to determine whether S100A12 or sRAGE is useful as a marker during the development of ALI in postoperative sepsis patients. The subjects were patients who underwent emergency ...
Bouhemad Bélaïd - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare lung reaeration measured by bedside chest radiography, lung computed tomography, and lung ultrasound in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia treated by antibiotics. DESIGN: Computed tomography, chest radiography, and lung ultrasound were performed before (day 0) and 7 days following initiation of antibiotics. SETTING: A 26-bed multidisciplinary intensive care ...
Guo Yubiao - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The mechanism by which iodopovidone achieves pleurodesis is unknown. This study investigated whether iodopovidone is as effective as doxycycline in producing pleurodesis and whether systemic corticosteroids diminish its efficacy. METHODS: Four groups of seven New Zealand rabbits were assigned to the following intrapleural treatment groups: 2 mL ...
Nakanishi Ryoichi - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the feasibility and safety of the video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with comorbidity. METHODS: Between April 2000 and December 2006, a prospective database of 58 consecutive patients undergoing a VATS lobectomy for NSCLC, who had a Charlson comorbidity index ...
Horn D - - 2010
AIM: The aim of the current study was to analyse the results of video assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) talc pleurodesis for malignant pleural effusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2002 to December 2004, 50 VATS procedures were performed under general anaesthesia on 48 patients for malignant pleural effusion. There were 45 ...
Yumoto Eiji - - 2010
CONCLUSIONS: A certain degree of subclinical extrathoracic airway compromise may ensue after thyroplastic surgery, although none of the patients reported the presence of dyspneic symptoms in their normal daily lives. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of thyroplastic surgery on respiratory function and compare them with the improvement of vocal function. ...
Tong Betty C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical decortication (VATSD) is widely used for treatment of early empyema and hemothorax, but conversion to open thoracotomy for decortication (OD) is more frequent in the setting of complex, chronic empyema. This study compared indications for and outcomes associated with VATSD and OD. METHODS: The outcomes of ...
Bertolaccini Luca - - 2010
Prolonged postoperative air leaks (AL) are a major cause of morbidity. Aim of this work was evaluating use of a Lung Sealant System (Pleuraseal, Covidien, Mansfield, MA, U.S.A.) in pleural decortications for empyema thoracis. From January 2008 to December 2008, 46 consecutive patients received pleural decortications for empyema thoracis. Post-procedural ...
Jayaraman S - - 2010
A 26-year-old male presented with complaints of dry cough of six months and progressive breathlessness of three months duration. He was coughing out milky white sputum for two months and had lost 12 kg weight in two months. He had an evening rise in temperature of one month duration. Clinically, ...
Assassi Shervin - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to examine the association of baseline demographic and clinical characteristics with sequentially obtained measurements of forced vital capacity (FVC), expressed as a percentage of the predicted value, and to identify predictors of the decline rate in FVC over time in the Genetics versus ...
Karangelis Dimos - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of autologous blood pleurodesis in the management of persistent air leak in spontaneous pneumothorax. A number of 15 patients (10 male and 5 female) were included in this prospective study between March 2005 and December 2009. The duration of ...
Porfyridis Ilias - - 2010
Differential diagnosis of patients with lung infiltrates remains a challenge. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 is a neutrophil and monocyte receptor up-regulated during infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of TREM-1 and of C-reactive protein (CRP) from patients with lung infiltrates to ...
VanDevanter Donald R DR Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2010
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a life-shortening genetic disease in which ~80% of deaths result from loss of lung function linked to inflammation due to chronic bacterial infection (principally Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Pulmonary exacerbations (intermittent episodes during which symptoms of lung infection increase and lung function decreases) can cause substantial resource utilization, ...
Pal Kamalesh K Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India. - - 2010
Pulmonary growth in the survivors of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) still remains an intriguing issue. In the literature there are conflicting reports on pulmonary vascular growth in CDH. In a cohort of CDH patients treated without extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), serial perfusion studies were conducted prospectively to follow the growth ...
Lee Edward Y EY Departments of Radiology, Medicine, Pulmonary Division, Laboratory Medicine, Infectious Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory, and Anesthesia and Surgery, Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
To evaluate initial chest radiographic findings of swine-origin influenza A (S-OIV) (also known as H1N1) viral infection in children. This was an institutional review board-approved, HIPAA-compliant retrospective study of 108 patients who had microbiologically confirmed S-OIV infection and available initial chest radiographs obtained between April 2009 and October 2009. The ...
Hoksch B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The thoracoscopic pleurodesis with talc is an established therapy in case of malignant pleural effusion. With the instillation of talc a -localised inflammation is induced. However, some-times it turns into a severe systemic reaction. In this study of the postoperative course, the -question is examined whether a pleural biopsy ...
Tang Yi-Jun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: If the emphysema lesions are not symmetrical, unilateral lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) can be carried out on the more severe side. The aim of this research was to evaluate the feasibility and effects of LVRS performed simultaneously with resection of pulmonary and esophageal neoplasms. METHODS: Forty-five patients with ...
Marraro Giuseppe A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Open lung and low tidal volume ventilation appear to be a promising ventilation for chest trauma as it can reduce ARDS and improve outcome. Local therapy (e.g. BAL) can be synergic to remove from the lung the debris, mitigate inflammatory cascade and avoid damage spreading to not compromised lung ...
Swigris Jeffrey J JJ Interstitial Lung Disease Program and Autoimmune Lung Center, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson Street, Denver, CO 80206, - - 2010
The response characteristics of the 6 minute walk test (6MWT) in studies of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are only poorly understood, and the change in walk distance that constitutes the minimum important difference (MID) over time is unknown. To examine changes over time in distance walked (ie, 6MWD) during the ...
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