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Results 101 - 150 of 1661
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Johansson Hans-Erik - - 2011
Background. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is an established method for treatment of obesity, a condition of chronic inflammation with liver steatosis, characterised by increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white blood cell count (WBC), liver enzymes, and decreased magnesium (Mg). We investigated alterations, if any, in ESR, WBC, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), ...
Fresard Isabelle - - 2011
To compare rates of treatment interruption because of side effects and completion rates between subjects treated for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) by isoniazid (INH) for 6 months and subjects treated with rifampicin (RIF) for 4 months. Retrospective analysis of all patients treated for LTBI by INH (1993-2002) or RIF (2004-2007) ...
Lavelle William F - - 2011
Although bracing for idiopathic scoliosis is moderately successful, its efficacy has been called into question and it carries associated psychosocial ramifications. In this study we report the background, rationale, indications, surgical techniques, and early results of vertebral body stapling (VBS) in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. We reviewed the literature on ...
Rieger Roman - - 2011
Palmoplantar hyperhidrosis is a common disease that leads to significant psychosocial strain for the affected person. Although the treatment of palmar symptoms with endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is clinically established, there are few data on the efficacy of an endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy (ELS) for the elimination of plantar symptoms. Especially ...
Spahr Laurent - - 2011
Alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH) is a serious complication of alcoholic liver disease. The diagnosis of ASH requires the association of steatosis, evidence of hepatocellular injury with ballooning degeneration, and polynuclear neutrophil infiltration on liver biopsy. Whether these lesions, in addition to other histological features observed in liver tissue specimens, have prognostic ...
Thiel Karolin - - 2011
Advances in intensive care support such as therapeutic hypothermia or new liver assist devices have been the mainstay of treatment attempting to bridge the gap from acute liver failure to liver transplantation, but the efficacy of the available devices in reducing mortality has been questioned. To address this issue, the ...
Chen Li-Gang LG Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Xiamen 361004, - - 2011
Acute poisoning (AP) may cause failure of the liver and kidney, and even death. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of artificial liver support system (ALSS) on the treatment of liver failure after acute poisoning. A total of 31 patients with liver failure caused by AP were admitted to ...
Aarabi Bizhan - - 2011
the objective of this study was to elucidate the relationship between admission demographic data, validated injury severity measures on imaging studies, and clinical indicators on the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor score, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), manual dexterity, and dysesthetic pain at least 12 months after surgery for acute ...
Lee Chong-Suh - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiographic analysis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes of upper thoracic curve and shoulder balance in thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients treated by anterior selective thoracic fusion using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and to identify adequacy of earlier criteria of double thoracic (DT) curve for anterior correction. SUMMARY OF ...
Pouw M H - - 2010
Study design:Prospective multicenter cohort study.Objectives:To compare the neurological recovery and functional outcomes between traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS) patients and motor incomplete tetraplegic patients.Setting:European Multicenter Study of human spinal cord injury.Methods:In 248 traumatic motor incomplete tetraplegics, initial phase (0-15 days) American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment grading, upper and lower ...
Cannizzo Francesca Tiziana - - 2011
An analytical, pharmacokinetic and histopathologic investigation was conducted by two experimental trials on beef cattle in order to determine fate and effects of dexamethasone and prednisolone, administered to distinct cattle groups at low dosage for long periods of time. In trial 1, eighteen Charolaise beef cattle, male, 17-22-months-old, were divided ...
Neurohr C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) for the early diagnosis of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation (LTX). 611 FeNO measurements in 166 consecutive patients were classified depending on BOS stage at the time of assessment and course during minimum follow-up of ...
Elsayed Hany - - 2011
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) in 2001 and British Thoracic Society (BTS) in 1993 and 2003 published guidelines for the treatment of pneumothorax. Here, we review our experience of managing pneumothorax patients, comparing standards of management before and after the publication of the guidelines in 2003. One hundred ...
Crescimanno G - - 2010
Two young boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, who had contracted 2009 pandemic influenza A/H1N1 (pH1N1), had been treated with antibiotics and steroids without significant improvement. One of them showed severe scoliosis. After hospitalization chest CT scan revealed extensive pulmonary bilateral segmental atelectasis. Their clinical and radiological findings rapidly improved when ...
Balkamou Xanthippi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Traumatic hemorrhage induces acute lung injury. The aim of this study was to assess whether lactated Ringer's solution or 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 would have different effects on acute lung injury following hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Twenty healthy pigs (19 ± 2 kg) were subjected to hemorrhage and were randomly ...
Corte Tamera J - - 2010
Limited data suggest a benefit following sildenafil treatment in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and interstitial lung disease (ILD). The role of sildenafil in the management of PH in ILD is not clear. We report our experience of ILD patients with PH after 6-month sildenafil therapy. We reviewed 15 patients ...
He Jianxing - - 2010
To assess whether using methylene blue (MB) or activated carbon nanoparticles as tracer can increase the detected number of lymph nodes in the systematic nodal dissected tissue during Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) for non-small cell lung cancer. Three groups of 20 patients each were obtained from randomization of 60 patients ...
Wang Qi-xing - - 2010
To investigate the impact of a new flutter-type mucus-clearance device on pulmonary function test results in people ≥ 85 years old. We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 60 people ≥ 85 years old. The subjects were distributed randomly into an intervention group and a control group. Spirometry was performed ...
Gatani Tindaro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Intrapulmonary percussive ventilation (IPV) aims at clearing retained secretions through oscillary vibrations generated by high frequency bursts of gas delivered into the airways at rates between 200 and 300 breaths per minute and at a delivery pressure of 10 to 20 cm water. In addition, IPV can improve recruitment ...
McIlwaine Maggie - - 2010
In N. America, over the past decade, various airway clearance techniques (ACT) have been introduced for the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF). We hypothesized that autogenic drainage (AD), an ACT developed in Belgium would be as effective as postural drainage with percussion (PD) in treating patients with CF. Thirty-six CF ...
Pompeo Eugenio - - 2011
Objective: Staple excision of emphysematous bullae through general anesthesia is the standard surgical treatment of bullous emphysema. We have developed a new surgical technique entailing thoracoscopic bullaplasty performed in fully awake patients through sole epidural anesthesia. Methods: This prospective nonrandomized trial included 35 patients undergoing awake thoracoscopic bullaplasty between 2002 ...
Bölükbas Servet - - 2011
Objective: A new diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often made during the evaluation of patients requiring a surgical intervention for lung cancer. Based on initial impaired lung function, these untreated patients are often considered not fit for lung surgery. There is limited information on the short-term effectiveness ...
Mohsen Tarek A - - 2011
To compare the efficacy, safety, and outcome of thoracoscopic talc poudrage (TTP) versus povidone-iodine pleurodesis (PIP) through a thoracostomy tube as a palliative treatment of pleural effusion due to metastatic breast carcinoma (MBC). A total of 42 MBC patients were prospectively enrolled in a randomized controlled trial. Twenty-two patients received ...
Petrella Francesco - - 2011
Objective: Although it may seem intuitive that obesity is an additional risk factor for surgical patients, few studies have correlated this condition with lung cancer resection. The only data currently available suggest that obesity does not increase the rate of complications after anatomic resection for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: ...
Buonpensiero Paolo - - 2010
Inhaled hypertonic saline improves lung function and decreases pulmonary exacerbations in people with cystic fibrosis. However, side effects such as cough, narrowing of airways and saltiness cause intolerance of the therapy in 8% of patients. The aim of our study was to compare the effect of an inhaled solution of ...
Kepka Lucyna - - 2011
To prospectively assess the cardiopulmonary morbidity and quality of life in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in comparison to those not receiving PORT. From 2003 to 2007, 291 patients entered the study; 171 pN2 patients received 3D-planned PORT (PORT group), 120 pN1 patients ...
Hopkinson N S - - 2011
Bronchoscopic therapies to reduce lung volumes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are intended to avoid the risks associated with lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) or to be used in patient groups in whom LVRS is not appropriate. Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) using endobronchial valves to target unilateral lobar occlusion ...
Puente-Maestú Luis - - 2011
There is evidence in the literature that the incidence of pulmonary complications and mortality is fair enough in patients with lower pulmonary function than conventionally accepted. In this article, we validate in patients with low baseline lung function (ie, FEV(1) or diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [Dlco] ...
Reddy Chakravarthy - - 2011
Malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) affect > 150,000 people each year in the United States. Current palliative options include pleurodesis and placement of an indwelling catheter, each with its own associated benefits. This study was conducted to determine the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of a rapid pleurodesis protocol by combining medical ...
de Gennaro G - - 2010
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive tumour whose main aetiology is the long-term exposure to asbestos fibres. The diagnostic procedure of MPM is difficult and often requires invasive approaches; therefore, it is clinically important to find accurate markers for MPM by new noninvasive methods that may facilitate the diagnostic ...
Goldfarb Samuel B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of induction immunosuppressive agents in pediatric lung transplantation is not universal. The rationale of induction therapy is to use the strongest immunosuppressive drugs at the time when the risk of acute cellular rejection (ACR) is highest. The timing of induction is not universal. We hypothesize that early ...
Ng C K - - 2010
Few studies have evaluated the sclerosing efficacy of minocycline, and none have specifically compared its sclerosing efficacy and safety profiles with talc slurry in secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP). A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients with SSP who underwent chemical pleurodesis from January to December 2004 with minocycline or talc ...
Vilozni Daphna - - 2010
To explore the feasibility and validity of forced spirometry in patients with ataxia telangiectasia (A-T). Twenty-eight patients (aged 3.7-19.3 years) performed spirometry on 47 occasions. Parameters studied were technical quality and relation to: predicted values, pulmonary illness. Start of test criteria for correct expiratory effort was significantly prolonged (183 ± ...
Velaiutham Shanta - - 2010
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is considered a safe and effective option in the treatment of childhood empyema. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of early referral for primary VATS in childhood empyema. A cohort of 24 consecutive children (12 boys, 12 girls) from 2004 to 2009 ...
Kondo Ryoichi - - 2010
The use of repeated pulmonary resection for metachronous pulmonary metastasis has increased. We assessed whether video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) produced greater benefits than classic thoracotomy for repeated pulmonary metastasectomy procedures. A total of 46 patients who had undergone two or more pulmonary metastasectomies from 1995 to 2008 were analyzed in ...
Takagi Akiko - - 2010
Fecoflowmetry (FFM) has been introduced to simulate natural anorectal evacuation. So far, few reports have described the effect of the herbal medicine Daikenchuto (DKT) on impaired anorectal motor function. The aim of this pilot study was to assess anorectal motor function by FFM in postoperatively impaired patients with an anorectal ...
Chawda Priti M PM Associate Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, Shri M. P. Shah Medical College, Jamnagar (Gujarat), - - 2010
A double blind randomized prospective study was undertaken to determine the effect of adjuncts like epinephrine 200μg or clonidine 90μg in combination of bupivacaine and lignocaine into the brachial plexus sheath to study the sensory and motor onset, duration of analgesia, hemodynamic changes and adverse effects. PATIENTS #ENTITYSTARTX00026; 60 patients ...
Golshahi L - - 2011
Aims:  To determine the feasibility of formulating and aerosolizing powders containing bacteriophages KS4-M and ΦKZ for lung delivery and treatment of pulmonary Burkholderia cepacia complex and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. Methods and Results:  Endotoxin-removed bacteriophages KS4-M and ΦKZ were lyophilized in lactose/lactoferrin 60 : 40 w/w matrix and deagglomerated in a mixer mill (without ...
Suzuki Hidemi - - 2010
Long-acting bronchodilators are recommended as a first-line treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), although their effects for postoperative lung cancer patients with COPD are still not well known. A prospective randomized trial was used to examine the efficacy of bronchodilators on postoperative pulmonary function and quality of life (QOL). ...
Rapicetta Cristian - - 2011
Objective: To assess the long-term impact of standard lobectomy on respiratory function in octogenarian patients with mild/moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: We reviewed all octogenarians (n=38), who underwent lobectomy for stage I-II non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from 2000 to 2006. Inclusion criteria were: Tiffenau index<0.7, no adjuvant therapies, ...
Bembi Bruno - - 2010
Type II glycogenosis (GSDII) is a lysosomal storage disorder due to acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with human recombinant alpha-glucosidase (rhGAA) has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of infantile forms of GSDII, but little information is available concerning late-onset phenotypes. Long-term follow-up studies are ...
Shapiro Mark - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pneumonectomy is associated with a significant incidence of perioperative morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study is to identify the risk factors responsible for adverse outcomes in patients after pneumonectomy utilizing The Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database (STS GTDB). METHODS: All patients who had undergone ...
Agostini P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) are the most frequently observed complications following lung resection, of which pneumonia and atelectasis are the most common. PPCs have a significant clinical and economic impact associated with increased observed number of deaths, morbidity, length of stay and associated cost. The aim of this study ...
Polat Tugcin Bora - - 2010
Reduced left lung perfusion has been described after transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with several prostheses. Although the Amplatzer ductal occluder (ADO) device is currently the most widely used occluder for closure of large-sized PDAs, the potential consequences of flow distribution to the lungs of this device ...
Schneider Christopher R - - 2010
The use and effectiveness of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for the treatment of empyema and complex parapneumonic collections in pediatric patients is well documented. Timing of this intervention still remains controversial. We reviewed our experience with VATS to determine if it should be used as the initial procedure in children ...
Togashi Yosuke - - 2010
Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare benign disorder that is characterized by excessive fibrotic reactions in the mediastinum. FM is associated with various diseases, including Histoplasma capsulatum infection and IgG4-related disease, and may compromise the airways, great vessels, and other mediastinal structures. Chylothorax is not a common manifestation of FM, ...
Sharifabad Manoochehr Abadian - - 2010
Chronic lung diseases are typically associated with impaired quality of life, stress, and anxiety. Written disclosure therapy (WDT) reduces stress in patients with a variety of chronic illnesses. We sought to determine whether WDT benefits patients with chronic lung disease. A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was performed to evaluate the ...
Ono Shigeru - - 2010
OK-432 therapy is effective for the treatment of macrocystic lymphatic malformations (LMs), but the optimal management of patients with microcystic LMs associated with large chylous pleural effusions or chylous ascites is not resolved. We performed thoracoscopic- or laparoscopic-guided injection of OK-432 for 2 patients with diffuse microcystic LMs accompanied by ...
Rathinam Sridhar - - 2011
Background ThoraQuik is a device with a unique design incorporating an aspiration port and one-way valve controlled by a three-way tap, fit for purpose for the treatment of pneumothorax and pleural effusion. Its use, safety and efficacy were evaluated in a prospective observational trial. Methods Stage 1: The safety and ...
Ho Khoy Kheng - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare outcomes and complications associated with needle aspiration (NA) and minichest tube (MCT) insertion with Heimlich valve attachment in the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax at an emergency department (ED). Patients presenting with primary spontaneous pneumothorax were randomized to NA or MCT. They ...
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