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Results 51 - 100 of 1661
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Motosugi Utaroh - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate individual differences in liver stiffness measurement using both MR elastography (MRE) and ultrasound transient elastography (UTE) in patients with chronic liver disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 80 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent both UTE and MRE. MRE and UTE were performed using a ...
Kamohara Yukio - - 2011
Background/Aims: Indocyanin Green (ICG)-based diagnosis is widely accepted in determination of hepatic resection range, however, we frequently encounter scattered results of preoperative assessment. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of 99mTc Galactosyl sialyl albumin (GSA) scintigram in the decision of the resection range. Methodology: One hundred ...
Okabayashi Takehiro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intensive insulin therapy (IIT) reduces morbidity and mortality in patients in surgical care units, yet the benefits of IIT during liver surgery, especially on liver function after hepatic resection, are not known. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of IIT, with a focus on ...
Torzilli Guido - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: We retrospectively compared the short-term outcome of a consecutive cohort of patients who underwent hepatectomy with intermittent clamping ranging between 60 and 120 minutes with those having a clamping time exceeding 120 minutes. BACKGROUND:: Intermittent Pringle maneuver is widely used to minimize blood loss during hepatectomy, without an established ...
Zhao Xiaochen - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To explore the haemostatic effects of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) at a very low acoustic intensity on the bleeding liver of rabbits. METHODS: Liver incisions made on 20 rabbits were treated with a pulsed therapeutic ultrasound transducer. The transducer was operated at 831 KHz with an acoustic intensity of 0.4 W/cm(2). ...
Yurci Alper - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Metabolic bone disease is common in patients with chronic liver disease. Comparative studies on the efficacies of antiosteoporotic agents in hepatic osteodystrophy have not been conducted yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of different therapeutic regimens on hepatic osteodystrophy. METHODS: ...
Zhou Qi - - 2011
Imaging-guided thermal ablation using different energy sources continues to gain favor as a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of primary and metastatic hepatic malignant tumors. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of microwave ablation with 2450-MHz internally cooled-shaft antenna in ex vivo and in vivo porcine livers. All ...
Ren Zuhai - - 2011
Background/Aims: To investigate the role of indocyanine green (ICG) retention test in avoiding postoperative liver failure after hepatectomy for primary hepatolithiasis. Methodology: Between January, 2004 and December, 2010, 144 patients with primary hepatolithiasis undergoing hepatectomy were retrospectively selected for the study. Eighty-two of those (Group CP) were preoperatively evaluated only ...
Guang Cao - - 2011
The aim of the study was to clarify the effect of the interval between transcatheter hepatic arterial embolization (TAE) with Lipiodol plus gelatin sponge particles and radiofrequency (RF) ablation on the extent of ablation. Eight healthy swine were divided into four groups: RF ablation (ablation only), RF ablation immediately after ...
Williams Suzan - - 2011
Neonatal portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is an increasingly recognized event. Patients are generally asymptomatic in the neonatal period. The diagnosis is made with Doppler ultrasound. Umbilical catheterization, exchange transfusion and sepsis are risk factors for neonatal PVT. Thrombophilia is possibly a contributing risk factor. Although there are potential serious acute ...
Ogawa Eiichi E Department of General Internal Medicine, Kyushu University Hospital Department of Environmental Medicine and Infectious Disease, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2011
  To evaluate the association between liver stiffness measured by transient elastography (FibroScan) and the efficacy of long-term nucleoside analog (NA) treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis B.   Study 1: Forty-four chronic HBV patients had liver stiffness measured by FibroScan and underwent liver biopsy. Study 2: Group A: 22 ...
Aller R - - 2011
The present pilot trial was carried out to evaluate the effects of an acute treatment with a mixture containing 500 million of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus per day in patients with non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A sample of 30 patients with NAFLD (diagnosed by liver biopsy) was ...
Huang Ke-Feng - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Qi maintains the physiologic function and indicates physiologic energy. Glucose provides energy to humans, thereby playing a role analogous to "nutritive Qi." This study aims to identify the correlations among blood glucose, Qi Vacuity (QV), and the electrical conductances of acupoints. Methods: Twenty ...
Li Chuan - - 2011
Background/Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the postoperative outcomes of patient with a graft with graft to body weight ratio (GBWR) less than 0.8% after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using the right hepatic lobe without middle hepatic vein (MHV). Methodology: The clinical data of patients who underwent LDLTs using ...
Poley Jan-Werner - - 2011
Most benign biliary strictures nowadays are managed endoscopically with plastic stents or with a insertion of a fully covered self-expandable metal stent (fcSEMS). The paradigm for the treatment of benign hilar strictures precludes the use of an fcSEMS because it obstructs the intrahepatic bile ducts, in particular, the contralateral hepatic ...
Leclère F M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The use of an operating microscope in animal liver surgery has made it possible to obtain new experimental models. The goal of this prospective animal study is to present our experience with dogfish portocaval microanastomoses. METHODS: Nineteen portocaval microanastomoses were performed in dogfish. The end-to-side anastomoses were accomplished using ...
Hong Johnny C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To develop a prognostic scoring system for risk stratification of patients with hepatic graft failure (GF) undergoing retransplants of the liver (ReLT) and improve patient selection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Retransplantation of the liver remains controversial because of inferior outcomes compared with the primary orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and ...
Viganò Luca - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pedicle clamping during liver resection (LR) is debated. The purpose of this study is to validate non-clamping policy across a large series of LR and to evaluate the need for salvage clamping (SC) and its outcomes. METHODS: Five hundred twelve consecutive LR without initial pedicle clamping performed between 2004 ...
Gandini Alessandro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bleeding is the main cause of postoperative complications of hepatic surgery. To minimize intraoperative bleeding during hepatectomy, resections are generally carried out under hepatic vascular control despite the risk of liver dysfunction in patients with chronic liver disease. This study evaluates the feasibility and safety of high-intensity focused ultrasound ...
Wang Hai-Qing HQ Department of Liver and Vascular Surgery, Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, - - 2011
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing hepatectomy with hemihepatic vascular occlusion (HHO) compared with total hepatic inflow occlusion (THO). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing hemihepatic vascular occlusion and total hepatic inflow occlusion were included by a systematic literature search. Two authors independently assessed the trials for inclusion and ...
Tong Ying - - 2011
Background/Aims: This non-randomized study aimed to compare the perioperative outcomes of complete hemihepatic vascular exclusion (CHVE) vs. Pringle maneuver in partial hepatectomy. Methodology: From February 2006 to September 2008, 129 consecutive patients with resectable tumors confined to a hemi-liver underwent hepatic resection with CHVE (n=55) or Pringle maneuver (n=74). The ...
Zhu Ling-Hua - - 2011
It is difficult and time-consuming for carrying out conventional hand-sewn bilioenteric anastomosis, especially for small bile duct anastomosis and laparoscopic procedure. In order to simplify it, we have developed a novel procedure of sutureless bilioenteric anastomosis with an intraluminal degradable stent. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety ...
Aoki Taku - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We investigated the long-term profiles of liver regeneration after living-donor hepatectomy. METHODS: Thirty-three donors participated in the study. Preoperative and postoperative liver volume was calculated using computed tomography. Volume assessment was repeated at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 4 years postoperatively. RESULTS: Donors were divided into the right ...
Yang Huayu - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The inhibition of inflammation exerts benefits following massive hepatectomy in animals but not in the clinic. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and mechanism of ulinastatin on liver function and outcomes following hepatectomy. METHODS:: One hundred seventy-six patients undergoing hepatectomy were randomized into the treatment ...
Chung Dong Jin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a microbubble contrast agent (SonoVue) during HIFU ablation of a rabbit liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HIFU ablations (intensity of 400W/cm(2) for 4s, six times, with a 5s interval between exposures) were performed upon 16 in vivo rabbit livers before and after intravenous injection of ...
Fukuda Hiroyuki - - 2011
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a noninvasive method that can cause complete coagulation necrosis without requiring the insertion of any instruments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HIFU treatment for small liver cancers without performing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or rib resection. HIFU ...
Du Zheng-Gui - - 2011
Whether a major liver resection is safe has been judged mainly from the patient's hepatic reserve. However, a safe limit for liver resection does not exist yet. This study aimed to construct a new scoring system as a guide to determine a safe limit for liver resection and avoid liver ...
Quintini Cristiano - - 2011
Refractory ascites (RA) is a challenging complication after orthotopic liver transplantation. Its treatment consists of the removal of the precipitating factors. When the etiology is unknown, supportive treatment can be attempted. In severe cases, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts, portocaval shunts, and liver retransplantation have been used with marginal results. Recently, ...
Ozanne Bruno - - 2012
Hyperammonemia results from reduction of hepatocyte function or enzyme of urea cycle deficiency. Hyperammonemia contributes to cerebral edema that may lead to cerebral herniation. The threshold of toxicity of ammonemia is unknown. We conducted a retrospective observational study in our pediatric intensive care unit. All children who developed hyperammonemia from ...
Nanashima Atsushi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min (ICGR15) is a useful marker of liver function in deciding on the extent of hepatectomy. To determine ICGR15 regardless of liver condition, we sought to establish a formula for converted ICGR15 based on conventional blood tests and technetium-99 m galactosyl human serum ...
Wong Jeff Siu-Wang - - 2011
To evaluate any change in the operative and survival outcomes in patients undergoing a right hepatectomy after adoption of the no-clamp technique using a radiofrequency dissecting sealer (TissueLink™) in liver resection. In all, 58 consecutive patients who underwent a right hepatectomy from July 2003 to December 2007 (Group 1) were ...
Yang Jian - - 2011
The value of artificial colloids in treating patients with liver disease is controversial. The effects of intravascular volume replacement regimens on liver function secondary to alteration of the postoperative inflammatory response are not known. In this study, we evaluated the effects of different volume replacement regimens in hepatocellular carcinoma patients ...
Motta Francesco - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this retrospective analysis was to determine the impact of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy on motor function in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Method  We studied 37 patients (18 males, 19 females) with CP treated with ITB (mean age at implant 13y 7mo, SD 7y). Eighteen patients ...
Lin Ziling Z Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital Fifth Affiliated Hospital Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2011
To investigate the long-term efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in enhancing motor recovery in the upper extremities of stroke patients. A total of 46 patients with stroke were assigned to a neuromuscular electrical stimulation group or a control group. All patients received a standard rehabilitation programme. Patients in the neuromuscular ...
Mouawad Marie R MR Neuroscience Research Australia and University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2011
Virtual-reality is increasingly used to improve rehabilitation outcomes. The Nintendo Wii offers an in-expensive alternative to more complex systems. To investigate the efficacy of Wii-based therapy for post-stroke rehabilitation. Seven patients (5 men, 2 women, aged 42-83 years; 1-38 months post-stroke, mean 15.3 months) and 5 healthy controls (3 men, ...
Abrams Michael S - - 2011
PURPOSE: To document the development of motor fusion when patients with a history of strabismic amblyopia are treated part-time with Bangerter foils. METHODS: This was a prospective interventional outcome study of consecutive patients with a history of strabismic amblyopia, horizontal strabismus (only) ≤20(∆), visual acuity of 20/60 or better in ...
Lee Jun-Seok - - 2011
Prospective clinical study. To determine the effect of vertebroplasty on pulmonary function in patients with osteoporotic compression fractures of the thoracic spine. A percutaneous vertebroplasty is an excellent method for relieving pain and improving the quality of life in patients with osteoporotic compression fractures of the thoracic spine. However, the ...
Mouton C - - 2011
Background Knee instability after Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery may lead to osteoarthritis. Objective To complete current evaluation of anterior knee laxity. Design Cross-sectional pilot study. Setting Physical therapy unit of the Clinique d'Eich, Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg. Patients 14 patients were examined 197±25 days following arthroscopic ACL reconstructive ...
Huang Lijun - - 2011
Objective: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been recently applied as an alternative option of pulmonary surgery in the treatment of pulmonary malignancies. In this study, we assessed the risk associated with percutaneous RFA, and discussed its safety and efficacy. Methods: The clinical data of 329 consecutive patients with primary (n=237) and ...
Chen Zi-Qiang - - 2011
The determination of factors affecting curve flexibility is important in idiopathic scoliosis patients with regard to the Risser sign. The objective of this retrospective study was to identify factors affecting curve flexibility in patients with skeletally immature and mature idiopathic scoliosis. The records of all patients with idiopathic scoliosis who ...
Robinson Thomas N TN Department of Surgery, University of Colorado at Denver School of Medicine, 12631 E 17th Ave., Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2011
Increased knowledge about motor subtypes of delirium may aid clinicians in the management of postoperative geriatric patients. Prospective cohort study defining preoperative risk factors, outcomes, and adverse events related to motor subtypes of postoperative delirium. Referral medical center. Persons 50 years and older with planned postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) ...
Takahashi Jun - - 2011
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design: Analysis of multi-center, prospectively collected data.Objective: To determine how selection of the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) relative to the stable vertebra (SV) and the end vertebra (EV) effects correction of the main thoracic curve, compensatory lumbar curve, and incidence of coronal decompensation following selective thoracic fusion.Summary ...
Kaufmann Petra P Department of Neurology, Columbia University, 710 W 168th St, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10032, - - 2011
To characterize the short-term course of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in a genetically and clinically well-defined cohort of patients with SMA. A comprehensive multicenter, longitudinal, observational study. The Pediatric Neuromuscular Clinical Research Network for SMA, a consortium of clinical investigators at 3 clinical sites. Sixty-five participants with SMA types 2 ...
Sarlak Ahmet Ylmaz - - 2011
Study Design. Retrospective study.Objective. Investigate the radiographic features of the subtypes of Lenke 1A curves to help to determine the optimum distal fusion level selection.Summary of Background Data. The Lenke 1A was the most frequently evaluated curve type in adolescent idiopathic curves. Miyanji suggested that the lumbar modifier type A ...
Roberman Dmitry - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: An ideal local anesthetic with rapid onset and prolonged duration has yet to be developed. Clinicians use mixtures of local anesthetics in an attempt to combine their advantages. We tested the hypothesis that sequential supraclavicular injection of 1.5% mepivacaine followed 90 secs later by 0.5% ropivacaine speeds onset of ...
Fasciolo Alessandro - - 2011
Aim. Subarachnoid anaesthesia has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in elderly patients. Isobaric Ropivacaine 0.5% has been recently introduced for subarachnoid anaesthesia: aim of our trial is to compare this drug with 0.5 Levobupivacaine in elderly patients scheduled for endoscopic urological surgery.Methods. Premedication: Atropine 0.5 mg + Fenotiazine ...
Kotecha Sakhee - - 2011
Background and objective:  We evaluated long-term safety and lung function outcomes in a cohort of patients with severe upper-zone heterogeneous emphysema who underwent bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) performed with the Emphasys one-way valve. Methods:  A retrospective cohort study was undertaken to assess long-term outcomes in 23 consecutive patients who ...
Badarny Samih - - 2011
Local corticosteroid injection (LCI) for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), using the classic method, is usually associated with improvement in different electrophysiologic parameters of the median nerve. However, there is no correlation between the clinical response and these electrophysiologic parameters. To evaluate the effect of our novel approach ...
Samra T - - 2011
Ondansetron is a potent antiemetic and a competitive antagonist at serotonin receptors, which are also involved in modulation of pain. This study was designed to assess the effect of systemic ondansetron on sensory and motor block after subarachnoid anaesthesia with hyperbaric bupivacaine. Sixty patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumours ...
Sekino Yusuke - - 2011
Objective The aim of this study was to assess the changes in the clinical parameters during intragastric balloon therapy for Japanese obese patients. Methods Between March 2009 and September 2010, 8 patients underwent intragastric balloon therapy at our hospital. The visceral fat area, liver volume and the liver-spleen ratio were ...
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