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Huang Ke-Feng - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Qi maintains the physiologic function and indicates physiologic energy. Glucose provides energy to humans, thereby playing a role analogous to "nutritive Qi." This study aims to identify the correlations among blood glucose, Qi Vacuity (QV), and the electrical conductances of acupoints. Methods: Twenty ...
Li Chuan - - 2011
Background/Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the postoperative outcomes of patient with a graft with graft to body weight ratio (GBWR) less than 0.8% after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) using the right hepatic lobe without middle hepatic vein (MHV). Methodology: The clinical data of patients who underwent LDLTs using ...
Poley Jan-Werner - - 2011
Most benign biliary strictures nowadays are managed endoscopically with plastic stents or with a insertion of a fully covered self-expandable metal stent (fcSEMS). The paradigm for the treatment of benign hilar strictures precludes the use of an fcSEMS because it obstructs the intrahepatic bile ducts, in particular, the contralateral hepatic ...
Leclère F M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The use of an operating microscope in animal liver surgery has made it possible to obtain new experimental models. The goal of this prospective animal study is to present our experience with dogfish portocaval microanastomoses. METHODS: Nineteen portocaval microanastomoses were performed in dogfish. The end-to-side anastomoses were accomplished using ...
Hong Johnny C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To develop a prognostic scoring system for risk stratification of patients with hepatic graft failure (GF) undergoing retransplants of the liver (ReLT) and improve patient selection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Retransplantation of the liver remains controversial because of inferior outcomes compared with the primary orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and ...
Viganò Luca - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pedicle clamping during liver resection (LR) is debated. The purpose of this study is to validate non-clamping policy across a large series of LR and to evaluate the need for salvage clamping (SC) and its outcomes. METHODS: Five hundred twelve consecutive LR without initial pedicle clamping performed between 2004 ...
Gandini Alessandro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bleeding is the main cause of postoperative complications of hepatic surgery. To minimize intraoperative bleeding during hepatectomy, resections are generally carried out under hepatic vascular control despite the risk of liver dysfunction in patients with chronic liver disease. This study evaluates the feasibility and safety of high-intensity focused ultrasound ...
Wang Hai-Qing HQ Department of Liver and Vascular Surgery, Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, - - 2011
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing hepatectomy with hemihepatic vascular occlusion (HHO) compared with total hepatic inflow occlusion (THO). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing hemihepatic vascular occlusion and total hepatic inflow occlusion were included by a systematic literature search. Two authors independently assessed the trials for inclusion and ...
Tong Ying - - 2011
Background/Aims: This non-randomized study aimed to compare the perioperative outcomes of complete hemihepatic vascular exclusion (CHVE) vs. Pringle maneuver in partial hepatectomy. Methodology: From February 2006 to September 2008, 129 consecutive patients with resectable tumors confined to a hemi-liver underwent hepatic resection with CHVE (n=55) or Pringle maneuver (n=74). The ...
Zhu Ling-Hua - - 2011
It is difficult and time-consuming for carrying out conventional hand-sewn bilioenteric anastomosis, especially for small bile duct anastomosis and laparoscopic procedure. In order to simplify it, we have developed a novel procedure of sutureless bilioenteric anastomosis with an intraluminal degradable stent. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety ...
Aoki Taku - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We investigated the long-term profiles of liver regeneration after living-donor hepatectomy. METHODS: Thirty-three donors participated in the study. Preoperative and postoperative liver volume was calculated using computed tomography. Volume assessment was repeated at 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 4 years postoperatively. RESULTS: Donors were divided into the right ...
Yang Huayu - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The inhibition of inflammation exerts benefits following massive hepatectomy in animals but not in the clinic. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and mechanism of ulinastatin on liver function and outcomes following hepatectomy. METHODS:: One hundred seventy-six patients undergoing hepatectomy were randomized into the treatment ...
Chung Dong Jin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a microbubble contrast agent (SonoVue) during HIFU ablation of a rabbit liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HIFU ablations (intensity of 400W/cm(2) for 4s, six times, with a 5s interval between exposures) were performed upon 16 in vivo rabbit livers before and after intravenous injection of ...
Fukuda Hiroyuki - - 2011
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a noninvasive method that can cause complete coagulation necrosis without requiring the insertion of any instruments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HIFU treatment for small liver cancers without performing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or rib resection. HIFU ...
Du Zheng-Gui - - 2011
Whether a major liver resection is safe has been judged mainly from the patient's hepatic reserve. However, a safe limit for liver resection does not exist yet. This study aimed to construct a new scoring system as a guide to determine a safe limit for liver resection and avoid liver ...
Quintini Cristiano - - 2011
Refractory ascites (RA) is a challenging complication after orthotopic liver transplantation. Its treatment consists of the removal of the precipitating factors. When the etiology is unknown, supportive treatment can be attempted. In severe cases, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts, portocaval shunts, and liver retransplantation have been used with marginal results. Recently, ...
Ozanne Bruno - - 2012
Hyperammonemia results from reduction of hepatocyte function or enzyme of urea cycle deficiency. Hyperammonemia contributes to cerebral edema that may lead to cerebral herniation. The threshold of toxicity of ammonemia is unknown. We conducted a retrospective observational study in our pediatric intensive care unit. All children who developed hyperammonemia from ...
Nanashima Atsushi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min (ICGR15) is a useful marker of liver function in deciding on the extent of hepatectomy. To determine ICGR15 regardless of liver condition, we sought to establish a formula for converted ICGR15 based on conventional blood tests and technetium-99 m galactosyl human serum ...
Wong Jeff Siu-Wang - - 2011
To evaluate any change in the operative and survival outcomes in patients undergoing a right hepatectomy after adoption of the no-clamp technique using a radiofrequency dissecting sealer (TissueLink™) in liver resection. In all, 58 consecutive patients who underwent a right hepatectomy from July 2003 to December 2007 (Group 1) were ...
Yang Jian - - 2011
The value of artificial colloids in treating patients with liver disease is controversial. The effects of intravascular volume replacement regimens on liver function secondary to alteration of the postoperative inflammatory response are not known. In this study, we evaluated the effects of different volume replacement regimens in hepatocellular carcinoma patients ...
Motta Francesco - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this retrospective analysis was to determine the impact of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy on motor function in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Method  We studied 37 patients (18 males, 19 females) with CP treated with ITB (mean age at implant 13y 7mo, SD 7y). Eighteen patients ...
Lin Ziling Z Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital Fifth Affiliated Hospital Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2011
To investigate the long-term efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in enhancing motor recovery in the upper extremities of stroke patients. A total of 46 patients with stroke were assigned to a neuromuscular electrical stimulation group or a control group. All patients received a standard rehabilitation programme. Patients in the neuromuscular ...
Mouawad Marie R MR Neuroscience Research Australia and University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2011
Virtual-reality is increasingly used to improve rehabilitation outcomes. The Nintendo Wii offers an in-expensive alternative to more complex systems. To investigate the efficacy of Wii-based therapy for post-stroke rehabilitation. Seven patients (5 men, 2 women, aged 42-83 years; 1-38 months post-stroke, mean 15.3 months) and 5 healthy controls (3 men, ...
Abrams Michael S - - 2011
PURPOSE: To document the development of motor fusion when patients with a history of strabismic amblyopia are treated part-time with Bangerter foils. METHODS: This was a prospective interventional outcome study of consecutive patients with a history of strabismic amblyopia, horizontal strabismus (only) ≤20(∆), visual acuity of 20/60 or better in ...
Lee Jun-Seok - - 2011
Prospective clinical study. To determine the effect of vertebroplasty on pulmonary function in patients with osteoporotic compression fractures of the thoracic spine. A percutaneous vertebroplasty is an excellent method for relieving pain and improving the quality of life in patients with osteoporotic compression fractures of the thoracic spine. However, the ...
Mouton C - - 2011
Background Knee instability after Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery may lead to osteoarthritis. Objective To complete current evaluation of anterior knee laxity. Design Cross-sectional pilot study. Setting Physical therapy unit of the Clinique d'Eich, Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg. Patients 14 patients were examined 197±25 days following arthroscopic ACL reconstructive ...
Huang Lijun - - 2011
Objective: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been recently applied as an alternative option of pulmonary surgery in the treatment of pulmonary malignancies. In this study, we assessed the risk associated with percutaneous RFA, and discussed its safety and efficacy. Methods: The clinical data of 329 consecutive patients with primary (n=237) and ...
Chen Zi-Qiang - - 2011
The determination of factors affecting curve flexibility is important in idiopathic scoliosis patients with regard to the Risser sign. The objective of this retrospective study was to identify factors affecting curve flexibility in patients with skeletally immature and mature idiopathic scoliosis. The records of all patients with idiopathic scoliosis who ...
Robinson Thomas N TN Department of Surgery, University of Colorado at Denver School of Medicine, 12631 E 17th Ave., Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2011
Increased knowledge about motor subtypes of delirium may aid clinicians in the management of postoperative geriatric patients. Prospective cohort study defining preoperative risk factors, outcomes, and adverse events related to motor subtypes of postoperative delirium. Referral medical center. Persons 50 years and older with planned postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) ...
Takahashi Jun - - 2011
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design: Analysis of multi-center, prospectively collected data.Objective: To determine how selection of the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) relative to the stable vertebra (SV) and the end vertebra (EV) effects correction of the main thoracic curve, compensatory lumbar curve, and incidence of coronal decompensation following selective thoracic fusion.Summary ...
Kaufmann Petra P Department of Neurology, Columbia University, 710 W 168th St, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10032, - - 2011
To characterize the short-term course of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in a genetically and clinically well-defined cohort of patients with SMA. A comprehensive multicenter, longitudinal, observational study. The Pediatric Neuromuscular Clinical Research Network for SMA, a consortium of clinical investigators at 3 clinical sites. Sixty-five participants with SMA types 2 ...
Sarlak Ahmet Ylmaz - - 2011
Study Design. Retrospective study.Objective. Investigate the radiographic features of the subtypes of Lenke 1A curves to help to determine the optimum distal fusion level selection.Summary of Background Data. The Lenke 1A was the most frequently evaluated curve type in adolescent idiopathic curves. Miyanji suggested that the lumbar modifier type A ...
Roberman Dmitry - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: An ideal local anesthetic with rapid onset and prolonged duration has yet to be developed. Clinicians use mixtures of local anesthetics in an attempt to combine their advantages. We tested the hypothesis that sequential supraclavicular injection of 1.5% mepivacaine followed 90 secs later by 0.5% ropivacaine speeds onset of ...
Fasciolo Alessandro - - 2011
Aim. Subarachnoid anaesthesia has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in elderly patients. Isobaric Ropivacaine 0.5% has been recently introduced for subarachnoid anaesthesia: aim of our trial is to compare this drug with 0.5 Levobupivacaine in elderly patients scheduled for endoscopic urological surgery.Methods. Premedication: Atropine 0.5 mg + Fenotiazine ...
Kotecha Sakhee - - 2011
Background and objective:  We evaluated long-term safety and lung function outcomes in a cohort of patients with severe upper-zone heterogeneous emphysema who underwent bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) performed with the Emphasys one-way valve. Methods:  A retrospective cohort study was undertaken to assess long-term outcomes in 23 consecutive patients who ...
Badarny Samih - - 2011
Local corticosteroid injection (LCI) for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), using the classic method, is usually associated with improvement in different electrophysiologic parameters of the median nerve. However, there is no correlation between the clinical response and these electrophysiologic parameters. To evaluate the effect of our novel approach ...
Samra T - - 2011
Ondansetron is a potent antiemetic and a competitive antagonist at serotonin receptors, which are also involved in modulation of pain. This study was designed to assess the effect of systemic ondansetron on sensory and motor block after subarachnoid anaesthesia with hyperbaric bupivacaine. Sixty patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumours ...
Sekino Yusuke - - 2011
Objective The aim of this study was to assess the changes in the clinical parameters during intragastric balloon therapy for Japanese obese patients. Methods Between March 2009 and September 2010, 8 patients underwent intragastric balloon therapy at our hospital. The visceral fat area, liver volume and the liver-spleen ratio were ...
Johansson Hans-Erik - - 2011
Background. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is an established method for treatment of obesity, a condition of chronic inflammation with liver steatosis, characterised by increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white blood cell count (WBC), liver enzymes, and decreased magnesium (Mg). We investigated alterations, if any, in ESR, WBC, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), ...
Fresard Isabelle - - 2011
To compare rates of treatment interruption because of side effects and completion rates between subjects treated for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) by isoniazid (INH) for 6 months and subjects treated with rifampicin (RIF) for 4 months. Retrospective analysis of all patients treated for LTBI by INH (1993-2002) or RIF (2004-2007) ...
Lavelle William F - - 2011
Although bracing for idiopathic scoliosis is moderately successful, its efficacy has been called into question and it carries associated psychosocial ramifications. In this study we report the background, rationale, indications, surgical techniques, and early results of vertebral body stapling (VBS) in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. We reviewed the literature on ...
Rieger Roman - - 2011
Palmoplantar hyperhidrosis is a common disease that leads to significant psychosocial strain for the affected person. Although the treatment of palmar symptoms with endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) is clinically established, there are few data on the efficacy of an endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy (ELS) for the elimination of plantar symptoms. Especially ...
Spahr Laurent - - 2011
Alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH) is a serious complication of alcoholic liver disease. The diagnosis of ASH requires the association of steatosis, evidence of hepatocellular injury with ballooning degeneration, and polynuclear neutrophil infiltration on liver biopsy. Whether these lesions, in addition to other histological features observed in liver tissue specimens, have prognostic ...
Thiel Karolin - - 2011
Advances in intensive care support such as therapeutic hypothermia or new liver assist devices have been the mainstay of treatment attempting to bridge the gap from acute liver failure to liver transplantation, but the efficacy of the available devices in reducing mortality has been questioned. To address this issue, the ...
Chen Li-Gang LG Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Xiamen 361004, - - 2011
Acute poisoning (AP) may cause failure of the liver and kidney, and even death. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of artificial liver support system (ALSS) on the treatment of liver failure after acute poisoning. A total of 31 patients with liver failure caused by AP were admitted to ...
Aarabi Bizhan - - 2011
the objective of this study was to elucidate the relationship between admission demographic data, validated injury severity measures on imaging studies, and clinical indicators on the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor score, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), manual dexterity, and dysesthetic pain at least 12 months after surgery for acute ...
Lee Chong-Suh - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiographic analysis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes of upper thoracic curve and shoulder balance in thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients treated by anterior selective thoracic fusion using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and to identify adequacy of earlier criteria of double thoracic (DT) curve for anterior correction. SUMMARY OF ...
Pouw M H - - 2010
Study design:Prospective multicenter cohort study.Objectives:To compare the neurological recovery and functional outcomes between traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS) patients and motor incomplete tetraplegic patients.Setting:European Multicenter Study of human spinal cord injury.Methods:In 248 traumatic motor incomplete tetraplegics, initial phase (0-15 days) American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment grading, upper and lower ...
Cannizzo Francesca Tiziana - - 2011
An analytical, pharmacokinetic and histopathologic investigation was conducted by two experimental trials on beef cattle in order to determine fate and effects of dexamethasone and prednisolone, administered to distinct cattle groups at low dosage for long periods of time. In trial 1, eighteen Charolaise beef cattle, male, 17-22-months-old, were divided ...
Neurohr C - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) for the early diagnosis of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation (LTX). 611 FeNO measurements in 166 consecutive patients were classified depending on BOS stage at the time of assessment and course during minimum follow-up of ...
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