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Jin Hai-Xia HX Reproductive Medical Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University , Zhengzhou , - - 2014
Abstract We explored the embryo development potential of human three-pronuclear (3PN) zygotes reduced to two-pronuclear (2PN) zygotes (3 → 2PN zygotes) by micropuncture. In this study, there were three groups, the 3 → 2PN group (338 zygotes), the non-corrected 3PN group (381 zygotes), and the normal 2PN group (359 zygotes). The first cleavage mode ...
Ebner T T Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Kinderwunsch Zentrum, Landes-Frauen-und Kinderklinik, Krankenhausstr. 26-30, A-4020 Linz, Austria Faculty of Medicine, Johannes Kepler University, 4020 Linz, Austria - - 2014
Does calcium ionophore treatment (A23187, calcimycin) improve embryo development and outcome in patients with a history of developmental problems/arrest? Application of A23187 leads to increased rates of cleavage to 2-cell stage, blastocyst formation and clinical pregnancy/live birth. Studies on lower animals indicate that changes in intracellular free calcium trigger and ...
Zhu Yuan-Chang YC Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Reproductive Immunology for Peri-implantation,Shenzhen Zhongshan Urology Hospital,Shenzhen 518045,PR - - 2014
Summary This study aimed to explore whether the presence of a Y chromosome azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletion confers any adverse effect on embryonic development and clinical outcomes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Fifty-seven patients with AZF microdeletion were included in the present study and 114 oligozoospermia and azoospermia patients ...
Jiang T T Center of Reproductive Medicine, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
In this study, we aimed to investigate whether progesterone-induced acrosome reaction (AR) rate could be an indicator for fertilisation rate in vitro. Twenty-six couples with unexplained infertility and undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment were involved. On the oocytes retrieval day after routine IVF, residual sperm samples were collected to ...
Nada E A EA Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Aswan Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University, Aswan, - - 2014
Idiopathic oligoathenoteratozoospermia (iOAT) is a common finding in the evaluation of male infertility. Oxidative stress (OS) may underlie its pathology. Tamoxifen and l-carnitine are used to treat idiopathic male infertility. The aim of this work was to detect the efficacy of tamoxifen and l-carnitine on sperm parameters, sperm ultrastructure and ...
Büyükleblebici Serhat S Department of Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aksaray University, TR68100 Aksaray, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to compare glycerol (G) and ethylene glycol (EG) at different concentrations and trehalose (T) or cysteine (C; with/without) in Tris extender for cryopreservation of bull semen. Twenty-four ejaculates obtained from three bulls were included in the study. Each ejaculate was divided into four equal ...
Karun A A Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Kasaragod, Kerala, - - 2014
Coconut genetic resources are threatened by pests and pathogens, natural hazards and human activities. Cryopreservation is the only method allowing the safe and cost-effective long-term conservation of recalcitrant seed species such as coconut. The objective of this work was to test the effect of cryopreservation and of cryostorage duration on ...
van de Vijver A A Centre for Reproductive Medicine, UZ Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussel, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of GnRH agonist downregulation in artificial endometrium priming cycles for cryopreserved embryo transfer was retrospectively investigated to establish whether higher live birth rates resulted. Six hundred and ninety-nine patients underwent 1129 artificial endometrium priming cycles for the transfer of cryopreserved embryos between 1 July 2009 and 1 June ...
Dehghan Tahere T Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Background: Radiotherapy has many side effects on fertilization in young women. Radiation can lead to ovarian failure in women who underwent abdomen or pelvic radiotherapy. Objective: This study helps us to investigate ovarian response of NMRI female mice to ovarian stimulating hormones (PMSG, HCG) after whole-body gamma irradiation. Materials and ...
- - 2014
This document amends the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) insurance regulations concerning Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) to reflect the statutory provisions of the Veterans' Benefits Act of 2010, which became law on October 13, 2010, and resulted in the need for amendments to change the SGLI Disability Extension period ...
Ivanova Jasmina I JI Analysis Group Inc. , New York, NY , - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To compare the healthcare costs of patients with overactive bladder (OAB) who switch vs persist on anti-muscarinic agents (AMs), describe resource use and costs among OAB patients who discontinue AMs, and assess factors associated with persisting vs switching or discontinuing. Methods: OAB patients initiating an AM between January ...
Jensen-Otsu Elsbeth E Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, 12631 E. 17th Ave., Room 8603, Aurora, CO, USA, - - 2014
Patients with Medicaid are much less likely to undergo bariatric surgery compared to those with commercial insurance. The aims of this study were to compare outcomes after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) for patients covered by Medicaid, other (non-Medicaid) government insurance, and commercial insurance. This was a retrospective cohort study ...
Schäfer Katharina K *Department of Orthodontics and Orofacial Orthopedics, University Hospital of Dentistry, Eberhard Karls University - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to quantify the wear times of removable appliances during active orthodontic treatment. The wear times of 141 orthodontic patients treated with active removable appliances in different locations were documented over a period of 3 months using an incorporated microsensor. Gender, age, treatment ...
Goldstein Rachel Y RY Children's Orthopaedic Center, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Previous studies have identified that children with public insurance have limited access to orthopaedic care. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between insurance status and curve magnitude at the time of presentation to an orthopaedic surgeon and time to treatment at a tertiary pediatric medical center. ...
Huang Kevin T KT Division of Neurosurgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Conversion rates from trial leads to permanent spinal cord stimulation (SCS) systems have recently come under scrutiny. Our goal was to examine the rate of conversion from trial lead to permanent system placement as well as identify factors associated with successful SCS conversion. We designed a large retrospective analysis using ...
Kao Richard R Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, - - 2014
(1) To determine the percentage of otherwise healthy patients achieving "graduation," or postoperative compliance achieving complete problem resolution and discharge from the otolaryngologist's care, after tympanostomy tube placement. (2) To analyze follow-up behaviors and patient characteristics influencing the likelihood of graduation. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary care hospital. Analysis of details ...
Sharma Jyotirmay J Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA, - - 2014
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) results in increased bone turnover, resulting in bone mineral density (BMD) reduction and a predisposition towards fractures. Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is the only definitive cure. The primary goals of this study were to investigate the impact of PTX on BMD in patients with PHPT and to identify factors ...
Huang Wei-Shih - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between benzodiazepine (BZD) use and risk of incident stroke by utilizing data from 2000 to 2003 from the National Health Insurance system of Taiwan. Study subjects consisted of 38,671 patients with new BZD use and 38,663 people without BZD ...
Najafian Bita B Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran ; Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Various strategies have been suggested for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of two common methods of RDS management among neonates with low birth weight. A cohort study was conducted on 98 neonates with definite diagnosis of RDS during ...
Guédon-Moreau Laurence L Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire, F-59037 Lille, - - 2014
The Effectiveness and Cost of ICD follow-up Schedule with Telecardiology (ECOST) trial evaluated prospectively the economic impact of long-term remote monitoring (RM) of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs).METHODS AND RESULTS: The analysis included 310 patients randomly assigned to RM (active group) vs. ambulatory follow-ups (control group). Patients in the active group ...
Wu Po-Kuei PK Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Orthropaedics and Traumatology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Therapeutical and Research Center of Musculoskeletal Tumor, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Orthopaedic Department School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Population-based evaluation on the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) has not yet been reported for Asians receiving arthroplasty. In Taiwan, thromboprophylaxis was not commonly applied for patients. The population-based cohort study aimed to investigate the epidemiology, and to determine the risk factors VTE for patients receiving hip or knee ...
Benvenuti Luiz A LA Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chagas' disease reactivation (CDR) after heart transplantation (HTx) is characterized by relapse of the infectious disease, with direct detection of Trypanosoma cruzi parasites in blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or tissues. We investigated whether a detailed pathologic examination of the explanted heart at HTx with evaluation of myocarditis and parasitic persistence or ...
Bustamante Abel A AA Universidad de Concepción, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas. Departamento de Zoología. Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile.; Email: - - 2014
The Hurieae group was created by Simon (1901) and revised by Galiano (1987). This group includes the genera Admesturius Galiano; Atelurius Simon; Hurius Simon; Scoturius Simon and Simonurius Galiano. They are nested within the Neotropical clade Amycoida (Maddison & Hedin 2003), but their phylogenetic relationships among these genera are uncertain.
Haas Jigal - - 2014
Recently, the co-administration of GnRH agonist and hCG for final oocyte maturation- 40 and 34 hours prior to OPU, respectively (double trigger) was suggested as the treatment of genuine empty follicle syndrome. In the present study, we aim to evaluate whether the double trigger improves the number of oocytes retrieved in ...
Guo Na N Reproductive Medicine Center, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan 430030, People's Republic of - - 2014
The study was to investigate the effects of oxygen concentration at different levels for culturing pre-compaction embryos on human embryo development competence. A total of 1254 oocytes from 92 patients treated with conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) were harvested in this study. Oocytes were randomly assigned to the atmospheric (~20%) ...
Dy Christopher J - - 2013
Objective: Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with increased cost, morbidity, and technical challenge compared to primary THA. A better understanding of the risk factors for early revision is needed to inform strategies to optimize patient outcomes. Methods: 207,256 patients who underwent primary THA between 1997-2005 in California and ...
Cheong Li Hsia Alicia - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Pediatric appendicitis outcomes have been shown to be influenced by several patient-, surgeon-, and hospital-level factors. However, to our knowledge, no prior studies have investigated the effect of health care systems on outcomes. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that the outcomes of children with appendicitis are better in the ...
Choi Hyo Geun - - 2013
In Korea, the proportion of the pediatric population is decreasing due to low fertility rates and aging of the society. It is hypothesized that this change in population structure and medical insurance status may affect rates of elective surgeries more significantly than clinical factors. An observational study conducted using data ...
Moses Rachel A - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate predictors of poor compliance after treatment of urinary stone disease. This study was a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent stent removal following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) or ureteroscopy (URS) between 2008-2012. All patients were scheduled for follow up evaluation and renal ultrasound ...
Messina Frank C - - 2013
Many patients discharged from the emergency department (ED) require urgent follow-up with specialty providers. We hypothesized that a unique specialty referral mechanism that minimized barriers would increase follow-up compliance over reported and historical benchmarks. Retrospective review of all patients requiring urgent (within 1 month) specialty referrals in 2010 from a ...
Kamath Atul F - - 2013
Emergent surgery has been shown to be a risk factor for perioperative complications. Studies suggest that patient morbidity is greater with an unplanned hip arthroplasty, although it is controversial whether unplanned procedures also result in higher patient mortality. The financial impact of these procedures is not fully understood, as the ...
Tagare Amit - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome of InSuRE (Intubation, Surfactant and Rapid Extubation) in managing preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: Preterm neonates fulfilling inclusion criteria were enrolled after obtaining informed parental consent. Criteria for success of InSuRE was predefined. Proportion of neonates with success or failure of InSuRE was ...
Kim John J - - 2013
GOALS:: To evaluate sources of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) at an urban US hospital and compare them to sources at the same center 20 years ago, and to assess clinical outcomes related to source of UGIB. BACKGROUND:: Recent studies suggest changes in causes and outcomes of UGIB. STUDY:: Consecutive patients ...
Anger Jennifer T - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Sacral neuromodulation is Food and Drug Administration approved for many types of voiding dysfunction. Goals of treatment often include cessation of anticholinergic therapy. With the goal of understanding the impact of sacral neuromodulation on anticholinergic use, we analyzed patterns of care using a national claims-based dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Brodovicz K G - - 2013
This study was designed to determine if differences in baseline characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) being treated with sitagliptin vs. other oral antihyperglycaemic agents (OAHA) during the initial 2 years following sitagliptin's introduction in the U.S. continued during the second 2 years of sitagliptin availability. Patients with T2DM ...
Perez Felipe D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Clinic no shows (NS) create a lost opportunity for provider-patient interaction and impose a financial burden to the healthcare system and on society. We aimed to: (1) to determine the clinical and demographic factors associated with increased NS rates at a children's hospital's subsubspecialty clinics and (2) to estimate ...
Nasr Samya Z - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate adherence to dornase alfa therapy among commercially insured patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and to examine the impact of adherence on health and economic outcomes. Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis included CF patients with ≥ 1 dornase alfa (Pulmozyme) pharmacy claim between 10/1/2006 and 9/30/2008 and ...
Abanto Carlos C Department of Cerebrovascular Disease, National Institute of Neurological Sciences, Lima, - - 2013
Because of the aging population in low- and middle-income countries, cerebrovascular disease is expected to remain a leading cause of death. Little has been published about stroke in Peru. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized stroke patients at a referral center hospital in Lima, Peru to explore factors ...
Wu Nin - - 2013
This study analyzed administrative claims by a US population with commercial or Medicare supplemental insurance to compare demographics, comorbid medical conditions, and health care utilization and costs among patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) with and without muscle atrophy/weakness (MAW). Patients were classified into three cohorts: having MAW during the ...
Oster Matthew E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The relationship between resource utilization and postoperative length of stay (PLOS) following congenital heart disease surgery is unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from the Pediatric Health Information Systems database. We included subjects 1 month to 1 year of age with a PLOS of ≤1 month following elective, ...
Kruper Laura L Department of Surgical Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA. - - 2013
Reconstruction rates after mastectomy have been reported to range from 25-40%; however, most studies have focused on patients treated in an inpatient setting. We sought to determine the utilization of outpatient mastectomy and use of breast reconstruction in Southern California. Postmastectomy reconstruction rates were determined from the California Office of ...
Umur Ahmet Sukru - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to elucidate the preventive effect of folic acid (FA) on teratogenic effects of valporic acid (VA) in early stage chick embryos on neural tube development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty specific pathogen-free (SPF) chick eggs were used to investigate the neurulation ...
Carreira Janaina T - - 2012
Proximal cytoplasmic droplets (PCDs), a remnant of germ cell cytoplasm, are common non-specific morphological defects in bovine semen. This study evaluated the effect of higher percentages of PCDs on the quality of frozen-thawed bovine semen, embryo production and early embryo development. Three ejaculates from each of five (group 1: PCD ...
Linder Roland - - 2012
The statutory health insurance system embodies a large amount of data on the treatments of their members. Depending on joint, prosthesis type, patient activity and comorbidity, knee and hip replacements can last up to 20 years. Based on statutory health insurance data the main object of this analysis was to ...
Hsiao Wayland - - 2011
PURPOSE: After undergoing vasectomy up to 6% of men will elect to undergo vasectomy reversal. For these men paternity can be achieved with vasectomy reversal or surgical sperm retrieval coupled with assisted reproduction. Nevertheless, it remains difficult for surgeons to accurately counsel men on the chance of patency after vasectomy ...
Kim Huen Suk - - 2011
To artificially activate embryos in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), chemical treatment with ionomycin has been used to induce transient levels of Ca(2+) and initiate reprogramming of embryos. Ca(2+) oscillation occurs naturally several times after fertilization (several times with 15- to 30-min intervals). This indicates how essential additional Ca(2+) influx ...
Cinar Ozgur - - 2011
The factors behind the empty zona pellucida (EZP) formation and its relationship with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes were analyzed. A total of 104 patients who underwent IVF treatment and collected oocytes including EZP were enrolled in this study. EZP index (EZPI = the ratio of number of EZP to number of ...
Wooten Kimberly J - - 2011
Embryotoxicity of the oil dispersant Corexit 9500 was examined using fertilized mallard duck eggs. Corexit 9500 was topically applied below the air cell to eggs in volumes ranging from 0 to 100 μL on day 3 of incubation. The highest incidence of mortality occurred at developmental stage 4, one day post-Corexit 9500 ...
Abdel-Meguid Taha A - - 2011
PURPOSE: In this study we determined the recoverability and sustainability of motile sperm in semen of men with nonobstructive azoospermia after varicocelectomy as related to different variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with documented infertility for more than 1 year, with nonobstructive azoospermia and clinically palpable varicoceles were included in this ...
Amirjannati N - - 2011
The infrequent presence of spermatozoa in cryptozoospermic men ejaculate is a limiting factor in the treatment of them. Sometimes, this consideration impels us to apply meticulous microscopic search in ejaculate or testicular sperm extraction (TESE) method. The aim of this study was to assess putative effectiveness of sperm origin, ejaculated ...
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