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Results 51 - 100 of 953
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Wu Nin - - 2013
This study analyzed administrative claims by a US population with commercial or Medicare supplemental insurance to compare demographics, comorbid medical conditions, and health care utilization and costs among patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) with and without muscle atrophy/weakness (MAW). Patients were classified into three cohorts: having MAW during the ...
Oster Matthew E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The relationship between resource utilization and postoperative length of stay (PLOS) following congenital heart disease surgery is unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from the Pediatric Health Information Systems database. We included subjects 1 month to 1 year of age with a PLOS of ≤1 month following elective, ...
Kruper Laura L Department of Surgical Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA. - - 2013
Reconstruction rates after mastectomy have been reported to range from 25-40%; however, most studies have focused on patients treated in an inpatient setting. We sought to determine the utilization of outpatient mastectomy and use of breast reconstruction in Southern California. Postmastectomy reconstruction rates were determined from the California Office of ...
Umur Ahmet Sukru - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to elucidate the preventive effect of folic acid (FA) on teratogenic effects of valporic acid (VA) in early stage chick embryos on neural tube development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty specific pathogen-free (SPF) chick eggs were used to investigate the neurulation ...
Carreira Janaina T - - 2012
Proximal cytoplasmic droplets (PCDs), a remnant of germ cell cytoplasm, are common non-specific morphological defects in bovine semen. This study evaluated the effect of higher percentages of PCDs on the quality of frozen-thawed bovine semen, embryo production and early embryo development. Three ejaculates from each of five (group 1: PCD ...
Linder Roland - - 2012
The statutory health insurance system embodies a large amount of data on the treatments of their members. Depending on joint, prosthesis type, patient activity and comorbidity, knee and hip replacements can last up to 20 years. Based on statutory health insurance data the main object of this analysis was to ...
Hsiao Wayland - - 2011
PURPOSE: After undergoing vasectomy up to 6% of men will elect to undergo vasectomy reversal. For these men paternity can be achieved with vasectomy reversal or surgical sperm retrieval coupled with assisted reproduction. Nevertheless, it remains difficult for surgeons to accurately counsel men on the chance of patency after vasectomy ...
Kim Huen Suk - - 2011
To artificially activate embryos in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), chemical treatment with ionomycin has been used to induce transient levels of Ca(2+) and initiate reprogramming of embryos. Ca(2+) oscillation occurs naturally several times after fertilization (several times with 15- to 30-min intervals). This indicates how essential additional Ca(2+) influx ...
Cinar Ozgur - - 2011
The factors behind the empty zona pellucida (EZP) formation and its relationship with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes were analyzed. A total of 104 patients who underwent IVF treatment and collected oocytes including EZP were enrolled in this study. EZP index (EZPI = the ratio of number of EZP to number of ...
Wooten Kimberly J - - 2011
Embryotoxicity of the oil dispersant Corexit 9500 was examined using fertilized mallard duck eggs. Corexit 9500 was topically applied below the air cell to eggs in volumes ranging from 0 to 100 μL on day 3 of incubation. The highest incidence of mortality occurred at developmental stage 4, one day post-Corexit 9500 ...
Abdel-Meguid Taha A - - 2011
PURPOSE: In this study we determined the recoverability and sustainability of motile sperm in semen of men with nonobstructive azoospermia after varicocelectomy as related to different variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men with documented infertility for more than 1 year, with nonobstructive azoospermia and clinically palpable varicoceles were included in this ...
Amirjannati N - - 2011
The infrequent presence of spermatozoa in cryptozoospermic men ejaculate is a limiting factor in the treatment of them. Sometimes, this consideration impels us to apply meticulous microscopic search in ejaculate or testicular sperm extraction (TESE) method. The aim of this study was to assess putative effectiveness of sperm origin, ejaculated ...
Nabenishi Hisashi - - 2011
This study was undertaken to investigate the effects on the nuclear maturation and subsequent embryonic development of bovine oocytes exposed to heat stress (HS) when treating bovine oocytes before in vitro maturation (IVM) with 1 µM cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening. Mitochondrial activity, reactive oxygen ...
Yamanaka Masaya - - 2011
BACKGROUNDIn this study, we aimed to develop a model for embryo selection based on oxygen consumption following cryopreservation, the relationship between the developmental competence of blastocysts and their oxygen consumption was assessed.METHODSOxygen consumption of vitrified-warmed human blastocysts was measured at 0, 1.5, 3, 4.5, 6, 7.5, 9 and 24 h ...
Cristina Magli M - - 2011
Meiotic spindle (MS) assembly in human oocytes is a dynamic process that can be visualized by computer-assisted microscopy. At extrusion of the first polar body a spindle bridge is detected until the completion of telophase I and its reformation requires approximately 1h. This study analysed 396 oocytes from 112 cycles ...
Liu Kimberly E - - 2011
To determine whether use of the NuvaRing (Merck) for pretreatment in IVF cycles would result in better cycle control and patient satisfaction versus a 30-μg oral contraceptive (OC) pill. A prospective randomized, controlled study. An academic, hospital-based fertility clinic in Toronto, Canada. Patients 18-37 years old, undergoing their first IVF ...
Zhu Lixia - - 2011
To determine the optimum rescue time by comparison of results of rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A total of 112 couples of total fertilization failure, who had retrieved at least four mature oocytes, were prospectively randomized into two groups: the earlier rescue group, rescue ICSI performed between 4 and 6 ...
Liu Y - - 2011
SummaryThe investigation presented in this paper was conducted on the effect of oocytes activation on frozen-thawed human immature oocytes followed by in vitro maturation (IVM). A total of 386 failed-matured oocytes (germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase I (MI) stages) was randomly divided into two groups: fresh group and vitrification group, ...
Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh Abdollah - - 2012
To determine whether G6PDH-activity measured by Brilliant Cresyl Blue known as BCB dye, predicts developmental competence within cohorts of ovine oocytes. Ovine oocytes were exposed to BCB staining and categorized into two groups: BCB+ (blue cytoplasm, low G6PDH-activity) and BCB- (colorless cytoplasm, high G6PDH-activity). After maturation in vitro, oocytes were ...
Maside C - - 2011
Hoechst 33342 (H342) in combination with ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is frequently used to assist the enucleation of porcine oocytes in somatic cell nuclear transfer programs. This work evaluated the effects of H342 (5 μg/mL for 12 min) staining and/or exposure to UV irradiation on fertilisability and developmental capacity of porcine ...
Castranova Daniel - - 2011
Despite the growing popularity of the zebrafish model system, the optimal husbandry conditions for this animal are not well defined. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of stocking density on reproductive performance in zebrafish. In this study, undertaken by eight different zebrafish facilities, clutches of at ...
Deeming D C - - 2011
1. The effects of sight barriers in the pens of breeding ring-necked pheasants were investigated on a commercial game farm over a 10-week laying season. 2. Reproductive performance was recorded as egg production, numbers of eggs rejected for hatching together with measures of fertility, embryonic mortality and hatchability for 11 ...
Li D R - - 2011
This study was carried out to test the feasibility of enhancing embryo production in vivo and in vitro by immunoneutralisation against inhibin or follistatin. In Experiment 1, multi-parity buffaloes were assigned into three groups: High group (n=8), which received one primary (2mg) and two booster (1mg) vaccinations (28-day intervals) with ...
Alcoba Diego Duarte - - 2011
SummaryThe objective of this work was to evaluate the rate of meiosis resumption and nuclear maturation of rat (Rattus norvegicus) oocytes selected for in vitro maturation (IVM) after staining of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) with blue cresyl brilliant (BCB) using different protocols: exposure for 30, 60 or 90 min at 26 ...
Pu Danhua - - 2011
In view of the discrepancies about the GnRH antagonist (GnRH-ant) ovarian stimulation protocols having some potential advantages compared with the GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) protocols in poor ovarian responders IVF/ICSI, a meta-analysis of the published data was performed to compare the efficacy of GnRH-ant versus GnRH-a protocols for ovarian stimulation in ...
Yindee M - - 2011
This study was designed with the final goal of improving in vitro embryo production in the Thai swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis carabensis). Oocytes were collected by ovum pick-up (OPU) from six non-lactating multiparous swamp buffalo twice per week for 10 consecutive sessions followed by once-weekly collection for 10 consecutive sessions ...
Lin F - - 2011
The objectives were to investigate the permeability of DMSO to red seabream (Pagrus major) embryos by capillary electrophoresis and the effects of DMSO concentrations (5 to 40 percent, volume basis) and immersion times (10, 30 and 60 min) on hatching rate and morphology. The results suggested the internal DMSO concentrations ...
Palmer C Benjamin - - 2011
To determine if the types of drugs used in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation influence the number of days of stimulation. This retrospective study of couples presenting at an assisted reproductive technology (ART) facility January 1997 through December 2007 included patients who were < 40 years of age, had a body mass ...
Chen Hong - - 2011
To study the effect of telomerase activity (TA) in human luteinised granulosa cells (GCs) on the outcome of in vitro fertilisation treatment. Fifty-six women, aged 23 to 39 years, were enrolled and divided into four groups according to their levels of TA. Seventeen cases in group A exhibited nondetectable TA, ...
Gnoth C - - 2011
Cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs) and live birth rates (CLBRs) are much better indicators of success in IVF programmes than cross-sectional figures per cycle or embryo transfer. They allow a better estimation of patient's chances of having a child and enable comparisons between centres and treatment strategies. A 10 year cohort ...
Moein M-R - - 2011
About 10% of infertile men have azoospermia. After the introduction of microinjection [intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)], many of these men obtain the chance to be a father. But still in many cases of nonobstructive azoospermia, we are not able to find spermatozoa for ICSI. Medications may be able to increase ...
Yu Yang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a simple, feasible approach to improve spindle assembly and developmental competence of human in vitro matured oocytes by parthenogenetic activation in maturation medium. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University research laboratory-based assisted reproductive technology laboratory. PATIENT(S): Four hundred thirty-two patients with male factor infertility undergoing intracytoplasmic ...
Chou Pei-Yi - - 2011
This retrospective study aimed to investigate the use of an oxytocin antagonist in improving the pregnancy outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF). A total of 150 infertile couples with RIF undergoing IVF-ET were divided into three groups. Patients who did not receive ...
Winger Edward E - - 2011
Citation Winger EE, Reed JL, Ashoush S, El-Toukhy T, Ahuja S, Taranissi M. Elevated preconception CD56(+) 16(+) and/or Th1:Th2 levels predict benefit from IVIG therapy in subfertile women undergoing IVF. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem  We sought to answer two questions: First, is there a group of patients who ...
Martemucci G - - 2011
Two experiments were carried out on Ionica dairy goats in order to test the efficiency of: (1) short term-5-day combined progestogen-PGF2α-GnRH treatments on induction/synchronization of oestrus and fertility after natural mating in lactating goats and during the transition period (Experiment 1); (2) short term-9-day FGA-PGF2α-eCG treatments on synchronizing oestrus and ...
Shin J-W - - 2011
Background  Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been widely used for photorejuvenation. Although previous literature has shown clinical effectiveness of IPL treatments on cutaneous photoaging, the associated changes in the biophysical properties of the skin following IPL treatments have not been fully elucidated. Objective  The aim of this study was to ...
Ciotta L - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common cause of chronic anovulation infertility in women in fertile period, and it's characterized by an increased production of androgens and estrogens. The administration of myo-inositol, a B complex vitamin, was associated with a decreased of serum testosterone and simultaneously, due to its ability ...
Unfer V - - 2011
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of infertility due to menstrual dysfunction, and the most promising treatments for this disease are insulin sensitising agents. Myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol are insulin sensitizing agents used in PCOS treatment. In the present paper, we aimed to compare the effects myo-inositol and ...
Lin Yu-Hung - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether a lower concentration of FSH or 2-h incubation with FSH would improve the outcome of in-vitro maturation of oocytes. The immature oocytes were obtained from FVB mice, and were allocated to four groups and incubated in the maturation media for 24h. ...
Jankowska-Konsur Alina - - 2011
The study was performed to analyse the spectrum of dermatomycoses in southwest Poland during the period 2003-2007. A total of 10 486 patients were investigated for fungal skin infections by means of native specimen and cultivating procedures. Skin scrapings, plucked hairs and nail clippings were examined and identified by direct microscopy ...
Clark David A - - 2011
Citation Clark DA. The power of observation. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 66: 71-75 Problem  In the golden age of evidence-based medicine, how should one view the cohort-controlled study of IVIG + anti-TNF-α (Humira) in recurrent in vitro fertilization (IVF) failure patients with an elevated Th1/Th2 cytokine production ratio. Method  Critical analysis ...
Zhang ZhiGuo - - 2011
Oocyte cryopreservation is an important method used in a number of human fertility circumstances. Here, we compared the survival, in vitro maturation, fertilization, and early embryonic development rates of frozen-thawed human immature oocytes using two different cryopreservation methods. A total of 454 failed-matured oocytes [germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase I ...
Alvarez Jose A - - 2010
This study was conducted to compare the antiseptic efficacy of sodium hypochlorite of electrochemical production with that of povidone-iodine in human voluntaries. Three areas of 25 cm(2) each were selected from the forearms; 1 was designated as control to determine the baseline bacterial count; and 2 more were selected to swab ...
Levenberg Alex - - 2010
A myriad of technologies are available for the treatment of aging skin. These, however, still lack the ability to combine immediate, short-term and long-term aesthetic results with no downtime. Furthermore, the treatment of fine wrinkles on large surfaces remains challenging, as does the treatment of delicate regions, such as the ...
Samrao A - - 2010
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a primary lymphocytic cicatricial alopecia with a distinctive clinical pattern of progressive frontotemporal hairline recession. Currently, there are no evidence-based studies to guide treatment for patients with FFA; thus, treatment options vary among clinicians. We report clinical findings and treatment outcomes of 36 patients with ...
Rizwan M - - 2011
Previous epidemiological, animal and human data report that lycopene has a protective effect against ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced erythema. We examined whether tomato paste--rich in lycopene, a powerful antioxidant--can protect human skin against UVR-induced effects partially mediated by oxidative stress, i.e. erythema, matrix changes and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage. In a ...
Haak C S - - 2010
Hirsutism is a common disorder in women of reproductive age, and androgen disturbances may aggravate the condition. Limited evidence exists regarding efficacy of hair removal in this specific population and no data are available for patients with verified normal testosterone levels. To compare efficacy and safety of intense pulsed light ...
Chan Nicola P Y - - 2010
Ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR) is a new modality for photorejuvenation and acne scars which combines carbon dioxide (CO₂) laser ablation with fractional photothermolysis. The objective is to evaluate the efficacy and side effects of a new fractional CO₂ ablative device (Fraxel Re:pair) for skin rejuvenation and acne scars in Asians. ...
Ardigo M - - 2010
Melasma is a frequent skin disorder characterized by the appearance of abnormal pigment (melanin) deposits in different layers of the skin. Melasma has been classified into epidermal, dermal and mixed types using Wood's lamp, and the type and extent of the pigment deposits determine the type and invasiveness of the ...
Nanda Soni S Kaya Skin Clinic, Delhi, India. - - 2010
Laser hair reduction has become a very popular means to get rid of unwanted hair. We conducted the current study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Nd: YAG laser on dark skin. We also evaluated the effect of increasing the gap between sessions on the long term efficacy of ...
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