Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 953
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Vyungimana F - - 1998
To find out whether biannual treatments of onchocerciasis with ivermectin were necessary or whether annual treatments could suffice, parasitologic and clinical results in Burundi were compared at 12 months after a single treatment and after two treatments with an interval of six months. Adverse reactions were also compared at 12 ...
Haedersdal M - - 1998
The pulsed dye laser is the treatment of choice for port-wine stains. In this study we evaluate the importance of preoperative skin pigmentation and skin redness for the development of side effects from one treatment with the pulsed dye laser. A risk assessment is performed and skin reflectance measurement objectifies ...
Oehling A K - - 1998
Choosing the right parameters to recommend immunotherapy in allergologic diagnosis is very important. Therefore, other parameters which are independent of the improvement of clinical manifestations and which indicate the evolution of asthma are very useful. Although a decrease in skin reactions was observed in 20% to 25% of patients in ...
Kimura T - - 1998
The skin of adult hairless dogs is clinically nonpigmented, clinically lightly pigmented, or clinically hyperpigmented (spotty pigmented). The pigment noted clinically is attributable to melanin granules in the epidermis. Spotty pigmentation in the skin of adult hairless dogs was treated by administration of the depigmenting agent (3% hydroquinone, HQ) for ...
Friedli A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Oral corticosteroids may be effective in the treatment of severe alopecia areata (AA), but the side effects of prolonged therapy limit their use. The benefit of a single intravenous pulse of methylprednisolone has not been evaluated in patients with ongoing hair loss of less than 12 months' duration. OBJECTIVE: ...
Knapik J J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Rubbing moist skin results in higher frictional forces than rubbing very dry skin. As friction increases, the probability of activity-related blisters also increases. Therefore reducing moisture may reduce blister incidence during physical activity. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether an antiperspirant can reduce foot blisters during hiking. METHODS: In a double-blind ...
Williams R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Laser hair removal is rapidly becoming a widely used modality. Clinical studies are needed to assess these hair removal systems. The long-pulsed ruby laser is one such modality for the removal of unwanted hair. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of the long-pulsed ruby laser (694 nm, 3-msec pulsewidth, 7- ...
Niekrasz Marek A. - - 1998
The prevalence of Listrophorus gibbus infestation in seven groups of New Zealand White female rabbits that were purchased from the same source was determined by microscopic examination of hair tufts collected from affected rabbits. Thirtynine of 52 (75%) rabbits were infested, although there was variation in the degree of infestation ...
Sharma V K - - 1998
Sixteen patients up to 18 years of age with widespread alopecia areata (AA) were recruited for the study. They included 10 patients with extensive AA (> or = 40% loss of scalp hair and or more than 10 patches scattered over the scalp and body) and 3 each with alopecia ...
Sommer S - - 1998
We report the results of a study of the ruby laser in normal mode for treatment of hirsutism in 43 patients with skin types I-IV. A pulse width of 950 microseconds, a 4 mm spot and a fluence sufficient to produce minimal whitening of the epidermis were used (mean 48 ...
Clarys P - - 1998
Hydroquinone is a well known reagent used in the treatment of pigmentation disorders. The instability of the quinones and the required active concentration make topical treatment rather difficult. We tested the efficacy of an ascorbate-phytohydroquinone complex that inhibits the synthesis of melanin and promotes the degradation of the existing melanin. ...
Grevelink J M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Laser skin resurfacing has added to the numerous treatment options available for acne scarring. Adjunct modalities such as punch excision should be considered to enhance treatment outcomes. Traditionally, punch excision and grafting have been performed, followed 1-2 months later by dermabrasion. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of laser skin ...
Arévalo J M - - 1998
Meningococcal sepsis is associated with a high mortality rate. These patients may show severe disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and skin necrosis. There is very little published experience regarding the surgical treatment of this complication. The similarity between skin necrosis secondary to DIC and full thickness cutaneous burns provides the rationale ...
Chang L Y - - 1998
Fifteen patients with extensive burns (deep second-degree burn > 50%, or third-degree burn > 30% of total body surface area) were treated with postage stamp autograft and meshed porcine skin onlay dressing from 1992 to 1996. All patients received the procedure within 10 days of sustaining the burn, with an ...
Bhawan J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A series of clinical trials lasting up to 4 years had demonstrated that topical tretinoin improves facial appearance by reducing the visible signs of photodamage. OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the studies designed to explore the relationship between clinical improvement and histologic changes. METHODS: Histologic changes in biopsies taken at ...
Dourmishev A L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous features in the scalp area among adult patients are rarely considered as a manifestation of scabies. METHODS: Three patients with clinical and laboratory data of dermatomyositis with scalp involvement (fulfill three or four of Bohan and Peter's criteria), of 4 years, 8 months, and 3 years duration, were ...
Mendoza-Sagaon M - - 1998
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to delineate the effect of different operative procedures on the cell-mediated immune response in a pediatric animal model using the delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin test. METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats (1 week old) were sensitized against keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). Animals were challenged ...
Pericin M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Currently, topical immunotherapy with diphenylcyclopropenone (DCP) represents the most accepted therapeutic modality in the treatment of severe alopecia areata (AA). OBJECTIVE: Efficacy, side effects and prognostic factors of DCP treatment in severe AA. METHODS: Retrospective study of 68 patients with severe AA (> 40% scalp hair loss), treated for ...
See A - - 1998
Dermofilm (Innovatec, Australia Pty Ltd) is a topical preparation containing hydrophilic and lipophilic agents that enhance the barrier functions of damaged skin. It has been assessed in a pilot study of 50 patients with desquamative skin reactions to establish whether it is a suitable candidate to test against an existing, ...
Trelles M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Transient erythema, which can last up to 3 months after carbon dioxide (CO2) laser skin resurfacing, is a usual side effect with pulsed or rapidly scanned CO2 lasers. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the cause of erythema in the clinical setting and by histology in order to determine if and how ...
Sahin S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: PUVA has been suggested as an alternative treatment modality for resistant, diffuse alopecia areata (AA). However, there are conflicting reports on its efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of PUVA treatment of AA in a Turkish population. METHODS: Twenty-four patients (15 female and ...
de Chalain T M - - 1998
Pigmentation changes after superficial burn injuries are often difficult to predict. We analyzed a sample of patients with burn injuries, looking for clinical indicators of predictable color changes in burn wounds. A sample of 50 children, predominantly those with pigmented skins, who had sustained superficial partial-thickness, (second degree) thermal, scald, ...
Brand C U - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is a noncontact electrosurgical technique which has been used in open surgery for about 20 years and in endoscopy for about 5 years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to provide preliminary results on the effect of this method in skin surgery. METHODS: ...
Epstein E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is effective in removing actinic keratoses but causes unsightly and painful erosions. Intermittent "pulse" 5-FU therapy has been described as being an effective and comfortable technique for destroying actinic keratoses. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and cutaneous side effects of ...
Deacock S - - 1997
Hypothermia during prolonged surgery may be prevented by active and passive warming methods. We have compared randomly two types of occlusive body wraps in groups of 20 patients. One wrap had additional reflective properties which, by reducing radiative in addition to convective and evaporative heat loss, was expected to improve ...
Ino N - - 1997
We treated 2 intractable patients with pemphigoid by absorbent plasmapheresis using dextran sulfate conjugated cellulose columns with an automated regenerating unit. During a 2 week period, this plasmapheresis was performed 4 to 6 times for Cases 1 and 2, respectively. Clinical findings including skin eruptions were remarkably improved, and the ...
Birklein F - - 1997
Thirty-six patients suffering from acute reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) were examined in order to evaluate nociceptive C-fibers. Axon reflex vasodilatation was induced by iontophoresis of histamine and recorded (laser Doppler flux). The strength of concomitant sensation was rated on a visual analogue scale, and the quality was characterized as itching ...
Kumagai N - - 1997
Giant congenital nevi, confluent over 10% to 52% of the body surface area, were treated in 5 pediatric patients with allogeneic skin and autologous cultured epithelium (ACE). The lesions were excised to the adipose tissue and the wound was covered with cryopreserved or fresh allografted skin. Later, the skin surface ...
Morey A F - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We present a simple, reliable method of scrotal and penile reconstruction yielding satisfactory cosmetic and functional results for patients with disabling chronic genital lymphedema. METHODS: Nine patients were treated with wide excision of the affected genital skin and subsequent coverage of exposed areas with split-thickness skin grafts in a ...
Pearce B A - - 1997
The goal of preoperative skin preparation is to reduce the risk of postoperative wound infections. This study was designed to determine if a difference exists in the residual microbial flora on the skin of surgical patients who are prepped with clean versus sterile prep kits. The researchers randomly assigned 60 ...
Barrera A - - 1997
Exciting advances in hair transplantation have been introduced in recent years, particularly the use of a large number of micrografts (containing only one or two hairs) and minigrafts (containing three or four hairs) in a single hair transplantation megasession. A megasession consists of the placement of more than 1000 grafts ...
Kumagai N - - 1997
It is very important to determine from where we select the donor skin for epidermal cultivation in the treatment of burn scar disfigurement. To prove this point, we compared the appearance and histology of grafted sites according to the different donor sites. Thirty-eight patients with skin color difference and irregular ...
MacFarlane D F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: One option for the treatment of cutaneous tumors in the very elderly has been simple observation. However, the combination of an increasing elderly population and a concomitant high incidence of skin cancer will make this problem more common. OBJECTIVE: To assess the suitability of Mohs micrographic surgery as a ...
Lawrence N - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Melasma can be resistant to topical therapy. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of superficial peels in conjunction with topical tretinoin and hydroquinone in patients with melasma and to evaluate the ability of Wood's light examination to predict response to treatment. METHODS: We measured increased light reflectance ...
Leung P L - - 1997
This article describes a study where the trace elements (TEs) of four groups of volunteers were analyzed. The volunteers were divided into four groups A, B, C, and D. Group A was made up of healthy subjects, group B was made up of volunteers who had just been diagnosed as ...
Abd-El-Al A M - - 1997
A random sample of 16 female patients suffering from papulopustular rosacea (PPR) as well as (16) normal female healthy subjects as control group were adopted in this study to assess of Demodex folliculorum pathogenesis. It was done through determination of mite density using a standard skin surface biopsy 10.5 cm2 ...
Witheiler D D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the long-term efficacy of fluorouracil (FU) or chemical peels for the treatment of actinic keratoses (AK). Our earlier work examined the efficacy and safety of a medium-depth chemical peel compared with the standard regimen of topical FU in the treatment of widespread facial AK through ...
Higa K - - 1997
Duration of acute herpetic pain (AHP) in 1431 patients for whom treatment was begun within 14 days after the onset of herpes zoster (HZ) was analyzed with respect to age, involved region, and severity of skin lesions. All patients were treated with repeated sympathetic nerve blocks until their pain was ...
Lahiri Koushik
Sixty cases of stable and refractory depigmented skin conditions which include local vitiligo, segmental vitiligo, chemical leucoderma, vitiligo vulgaris, post-burn depigmentation etc constitute the study group. 39 of them were female and 21 male. Age ranged between 6 and 67 years. 1057 grafts were placed over 114 lesions and the ...
Lahiri K - - 1997
Sixty cases of stable and refractory depigmented skin conditions which include local vitiligo, segmental vitiligo, chemical leucoderma, vitiligo vulgaris, post-burn depigmentation etc constitute the study group. 39 of them were female and 21 male. Age ranged between 6 and 67 years. 1057 grafts were placed over 114 lesions and the ...
Hamilton R L - - 1997
A 4 year old girl presented with precocious puberty. She had pubic hair, breast buds and showed a height and weight well above the 95th percentile. An MRI scan of the head revealed a discrete mass in the tuber cinereum which was surgically removed. Microscopic examination showed a hypothalamic hamartoma. ...
Narahari S R - - 1996
Efficacy of intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (10mg/ml) and topical anthralin 1.15% cream was compared in the treatment of alopecia areata. Study groups consisted of 37 patients for injection and 32 patients for cream. All of them belonged to Type I of Ikeda's classification. The study showed that triamcinolone induces more adequate ...
Stubbs W P - - 1996
The efficacy of 3% chloroxylenol (PCMX) or 4% chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) for preoperative skin preparation was assessed in 100 dogs undergoing clean or clean-contaminated surgical procedures. Replication Organism Detection and Counting (RODAC) plates were used to quantify skin bacteria colony forming units (CFU) at the operative site before and after ...
Chua S H - - 1996
In this prospective, double-sided patient-controlled therapeutical trial involving 20 patients with alopecia areata, we investigated the efficacy of topical acid dibutylester (SADBE) in the treatment of alopecia areata. Sensitisation was achieved with 2% SADBE in acetone followed by weekly application of topical SADBE to designated alopecia sites for 20 weeks. ...
Rozenbaum H - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to compare the local skin tolerability of a matrix-type estradiol transdermal system, Oesclim 50, with that of the reservoir-type system, Estraderm TTS 50. METHODS: Two randomised studies were performed. In the first study, the modified Draize-Shelanski-Jordan method of sensitization was used in an open, parallel-group trial ...
Fiedler V C - - 1996
Some individuals question whether any treatment is effective in severe alopecia areata. Certainly many patients, especially those with mild disease, experience spontaneous hair regrowth; however, results of double-blind studies clearly indicate that some treatments do promote hair regrowth even in those with extensive disease. Some patients never show either spontaneous ...
O'Broin E S - - 1996
Skin stapling devices are a quick, effective method for securing skin grafts in burns patients. Removal of staples can be painful, often requiring a general anaesthetic. This problem has led to the recent development of absorbable staples which extrude with time. A prospective controlled clinical trial was performed on 20 ...
Ragland H P - - 1996
Skin resurfacing procedures with the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser, chemical peels, and dermabrasion have similar complication profiles. The most frequent complications are pigmentary disturbances, erythema, infection, and scarring. Patients should be well advised of the potential untoward side effects. Proper preoperative skin preparation, postoperative wound care, adequate physician training, and ...
Lazarova Z - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Circulating IgG anti-basement membrane autoantibodies from patients with subepidermal bullous diseases can be categorized on the basis of their pattern of reactivity against 1 mol/L sodium chloride (NaCl)-split skin. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define by immunochemical techniques the specific antigen(s) targeted by IgG autoantibodies from ...
Tay Y G - - 1996
Six hands from five patients were seen with full-thickness burns following a ritual practice between June 1993 and June 1994. Three hands were treated with excision and medium-thickness split-skin grafts, one patient was treated with a medium-thickness split skin graft taken from the instep of the foot. The first patient ...
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