Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 929
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Brooks P A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare single dose oral ivermectin with topical benzyl benzoate for the treatment of paediatric scabies. METHODS: An observer-blinded randomized controlled trial was undertaken at Vila Central Hospital, Vanuatu. One hundred and ten children aged from 6 months to 14 years were randomized to receive either ivermectin 200 micro ...
Lin Jeng-Hsien - - 2002
Finasteride 1 mg/day is effective in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Our open-label study assessed the efficacy and safety of finasteride for the treatment of Taiwanese men with AGA. We enrolled 34 Taiwanese men (aged 18-40 yr) with AGA of modified Norwood/Hamilton scale (MNHS) grade II-V. In investigator assessments ...
Ross E Victor - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pseudofolliculitis barbae affects a large number of individuals with coarse curly hair, and present treatment options are suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a long-pulsed neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser in the treatment of pseudofolliculitis barbae. METHODS: This was a two-phase observational study conducted at a ...
Aste Nicola - - 2002
We report a series of 9 patients, 6 men and 3 women, who presented nail hyperpigmentation arising between 6 and 24 months from the start of hydroxyurea therapy. The most commonly observed clinical pattern was that of longitudinal melanonychia. In only 1 patient, who was affected in all 20 nails, ...
Chana Jagdeep S - - 2002
The goal of this study was to prospectively assess the long-term results of ruby laser depilation in 346 consecutive patients who underwent hair removal at 402 anatomical sites. The patients were treated using a ruby laser, with mean power ranging from 8.6 J to 15.7 J according to skin type. ...
Sharquie Khalifa E - - 2002
Alopecia areata is a patchy, non-scarring hair loss condition. Any hair-bearing surface may be involved, and different modalities of treatment have been used to induce hair regrowth. This study was designed to test the effectiveness of topical crude onion juice in the treatment of patchy alopecia areata in comparison with ...
Vexiau P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hormone studies have demonstrated the androgen-dependent character of female androgenetic alopecia, but there have been few controlled studies of therapies for alopecia in women. OBJECTIVES: To compare topical minoxidil 2% and cyproterone acetate in the treatment of female alopecia. METHODS: Sixty-six women with female-pattern alopecia were randomly assigned for ...
Alam Murad - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Glycolic acid peels and microdermabrasion are widely recommended by dermatologists and others for facial skin rejuvenation, but few studies have assessed their clinical efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative efficacy of glycolic acid peels and microdermabrasion for facial skin rejuvenation. METHODS: An unblinded, randomized controlled trial was used. Each ...
Zhang L - - 2002
This paper reports the first clinical safety study of human tolerance of electrical sensation using non-invasive, flexible surface-type electrodes and exponentially decaying electric pulses. The study evaluated the effect of electric fields in the absence of a drug and an anesthetic, and was performed in light of potential applications in ...
Mottura A Aldo - - 2002
The purpose of this paper is to describe what I have studied and experienced, mainly regarding the control and prediction of the postoperative edema; how to achieve an agreeable recovery and give positive support to the patient, who in turn will receive pleasant sensations that neutralize the negative consequences of ...
Moreno-Arias Gerardo A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Intense pulsed light (IPL) is an effective and safe method of hair removal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical response of hairy grafts and flaps of different anatomic areas to an IPL source. METHODS: Four patients (three men, one woman; 17-72 years old) with hairy skin grafts (n = 2) ...
Susser Wendy S - - 2002
Pretibial myxedema is a known manifestation of Graves' disease. Much less common is the elephantiasis nostras variant, which is often refractory to treatment. We therefore elected to try a new therapy, often used for the management of chronic lymphedema, called complete decongestive physiotherapy. After 6 weeks of intensive treatment, our ...
Rogachefsky Arlene S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Laser hair removal is based on the dual concepts of selective photothermolysis and thermal relaxation time. In most laser hair removal systems, light with emitted pulse durations of 2-50 msec targets hair follicles. A novel concept of laser hair removal uses the thermal damage time rather than the thermal ...
Miller Brigitte E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the use of the cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA) for the treatment of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) as it combines the advantage of laser removal of the superficial dermal layers without scars and the advantage of resection with collection of a ...
Tsai Ya-Ming - - 2002
Growing evidence shows alopecia areata (AA) to be a T cell-mediated organ-specific autoimmune disease. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of high-dose steroid pulse therapy in Taiwanese patients with severe widespread AA exceeding 40% of the scalp. A total of 17 Taiwanese patients with severe AA lasting less than ...
Fitzpatrick Richard E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Aging of the population, in particular the "baby boomers," has resulted in increased interest in methods of reversal of photodamage. Non-invasive treatments are in high demand, and our knowledge of mechanisms of photodamage to skin, protection of the skin, and repair of photodamage are becoming more sophisticated and complex. ...
Pandhi R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) as a topical therapeutic agent for the treatment of two major variants of primary, localized, cutaneous amyloidosis -- macular amyloidosis (MA) and papular/lichen amyloidosis (LA) -- using a monocentric, open, prospective trial. METHODS: A total of 25 patients with histopathologically proven cutaneous amyloidosis - MA, ...
Boyce Steven T - - 2002
Comparison of cultured skin substitutes (CSS) and split-thickness skin autograft (AG) was performed to assess whether donor-site harvesting can be reduced quantitatively and whether functional and cosmetic outcome is similar qualitatively in the treatment of patients with massive cutaneous burns. Cultured skin substitutes consisting of collagen-glycosaminoglycan substrates populated with autologous ...
McCoy Sue - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The histology of hair follicles in both animal and human skin treated with ruby lasers has been evaluated to a limited extent in previous studies. We have previously looked at such follicles up to 2 months after treatment. This study examines the longer-term effects at a microscopic ...
- - 2002
BACKGROUND: Finasteride 1 mg (Propecia) is indicated for the treatment of men with androgenetic alopecia (male pattern hair loss, MPHL). However, the long-term (> 2 years) efficacy and safety of finasteride in this population has not been previously reported. Objectives. To assess the efficacy and safety of finasteride in men ...
Lorenz Susanne - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the efficacy, side effects, and the long-term results of a long pulsed Nd:YAG-Laser for hair removal in different hair colors and skin types. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective clinical study with 29 volunteers. Treatment was performed on the lower ...
Dimofte Andreea - - 2002
To measure the fluence at tissue surface for patients in our Phase II clinical trial of motexafin lutetium (MLu)-mediated chest wall photodynamic therapy for recurrent breast carcinoma and to compare it to the calculated irradiance. The spatial and time dependence of light fluence (rate) was monitored in vivo on the ...
Sriprachya-anunt Suchai - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Though post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is probably the most common complication of laser resurfacing and appears to correlate directly with the intensity of the patient's natural pigmentation, there is very little data that specifically addresses the risks of dyspigmentation in more darkly pigmented patients (Fitzpatrick skin types IV ...
Uno Hideo - - 2002
Latanoprost, a selective FP prostanoid receptor agonist used in the treatment of glaucoma, has a hypertrichotic side effect. Using the macaque model of androgenetic alopecia, we examined the effect of latanoprost on hair growth. Eight monkeys were divided into 2 groups; one group received a daily topical application of 50 ...
Negishi Kei - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For Asian skin, recent "non-ablative" skin rejuvenation techniques have become the focus of attention for darker complected patients. In our earlier research, we have shown that intense pulsed light (IPL) technology can be applied to Asian skin with a high degree of safety and efficacy. In this ...
Rols M P - - 2002
Sarcoids are skin spontaneous tumours detected in horses. It can be cured by chemotherapy by using cisplatin. A multisequence treatment must be performed. Problems are present due to the poor diffusion of the hydrophilic product in the tumours. Electropulsation is known to drastically enhance the effect of antitumoral drugs in ...
Lévy J L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Facial hirsutism and hypertrichosis are common problems and a methods are available to clinicians for the unwanted hair in a large number of patients. Several depilatory laser systems are now available and one of these modalities is the long-pulse Nd:YAG laser. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the long-pulse ...
Bjerring P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this clinical study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the first intense pulsed light source (IPL) with dual mode light filtering for treatment of facial telangiectasias, and to evaluate the incidence of adverse including purpura, pigmentation and scars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with facial telangiectasias ...
Geusau A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: After exposure, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is excreted via the faeces, breast milk and epidermal lipids. OBJECTIVES: To determine to what extent TCDD is eliminated via the skin and to evaluate whethe cutaneous elimination can be accelerated by the application of petrolatum. METHODS: In two patients severely intoxicated with TCDD, material ...
Tan M H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Aluminum oxide crystal microdermabrasion has recently become popular for facial rejuvenation. Although it is a widely used technique with perceptible benefits, the clinical efficacy on photodamaged skin has yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To measure and quantify the effect of microdermabrasion on photodamaged skin. METHODS: Ten subjects underwent one ...
Nordgarden H - - 2001
Introduction: Ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) involve abnormal development of hair, teeth, nails, and sweat glands. Objectives: (1) To investigate the frequency of extra-oral ectodermal symptoms in persons with oligodontia (> 6 congenitally missing teeth). (2) To examine whole salivary flow rates in oligodontia patients, with special emphasis on persons with EDs. ...
Lodén M - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Moisturising creams are useful treatment adjuncts in inflammatory dermatoses and have beneficial effects in the treatment of dry, scaly skin. The effects on dryness and skin permeability of a new moisturising cream with 20% glycerine was compared with its placebo and with a medicinally authorised cream with 4% urea ...
van der Meer J B - - 2001
A 62-year-old female patient is described who developed toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) after medication with phenytoin and oxazepam. Initially phenytoin was discontinued and dexamethasone pulse therapy (1.5 mg/kg on 3 consecutive days) was initiated on the tenth day of skin disease. This resulted in clinical improvement. Histologically re-epithelialization could be ...
Eremia S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hypertrichosis is a common problem for which laser hair removal is becoming the treatment of choice. Optimal wavelength, pulse duration, spot size, fluence, and skin cooling parameters for various skin types have not yet been firmly established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of a 3-msec 755 ...
Chen H J - - 2001
Twenty-five patients (20 men and 5 women) with the chief complaint of facial hyperhidrosis were treated by transthoracic endoscopic T-2, 3 sympathectomy. All patients were essentially in good health except the embarrassment of facial sweating. Fifteen of them also suffered from distressing palmar hyperhidrosis. The ages ranged from 18 to ...
Al-Allaf A W - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess microvascular activity in the skin of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) as compared with normal controls. METHODS: Fifteen patients, who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria for FMS, and 15 age- and sex-matched healthy controls, were studied. The microvascular activity of the skin overlying the trapezius ...
Lu S Y - - 2001
The laser depilation system, cleared by the Food and Drug Administration since 1995, is evolving rapidly. However, the parameters in the hair removal function of these devices emphasize use for white people with fair skin (Fitzpatrick types I, II, or III). The characteristics of oriental skin and hair are black, ...
Bernstein E F - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Carbon dioxide laser skin resurfacing has become a standard treatment for wrinkles and sun-damaged skin. This ablative treatment, however, is associated with undesirable complications and long recovery times. A growing body of evidence suggests that dermal inflammation and subsequent collagen formation can be stimulated without removal of ...
Bohn J - - 2001
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a skin disease involving the apocrine sweat glands which often becomes chronic. The aetiology is not completely known, but the mainstays of medical treatment are antibiotics, which gives temporary relief but do not essentially alter the course of the disease. We describe our results of treating 138 ...
Holland A J - - 2001
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Atypical mycobacterial (AM) lymphadenitis is common in children but rarely occurs outside the cervicofacial region. The authors report their experience in the diagnosis and management of noncervicofacial AM lymphadenitis. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of cases diagnosed at our institution between January 1976 and December 1999, based on ...
Golden D B - - 2001
The decision to discontinue venom immunotherapy requires a great deal of clinical judgement because of the potential for a life-threatening reaction to a sting. The risk of recurrence is a combination of the frequency of reaction and the severity of reaction. Early studies reported a relapse rate of 8-14% in ...
Chou T D - - 2001
The management of upper-extremity burn contractures is a major challenge for plastic surgeons. After approval by the Food and Drug Administration, artificial skin (Integra) has been available in Taiwan since 1997. From January of 1997 to July of 1999, the authors applied artificial skin to 13 severely burned patients for ...
Sator P G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We studied the effect of hormonal treatment on skin ageing in menopausal women. METHODS: Twenty-four patients (45-68 years; mean age, 54.9 years) without hormone treatment for at least 6 months were included. Patients were assigned to three therapy groups: 1, oestrogen only (Estraderm TTS 50) (n=6); 2, transdermal oestrogen ...
Alster T S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and effectiveness of a long-pulsed Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm in effecting long-term hair reduction in patients with darkly pigmented skin. DESIGN: Nonrandomized before-after clinical and histological trial. SETTING: Private practice, ambulatory care facility. PATIENTS: Twenty women with skin phototypes IV through VI and dark ...
Tang K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether not shaving hair in neurosurgical operations carries an increased infection rate. METHODS: Taking advantage of different practices among neurosurgeons in a single institution, we embarked upon a prospective non-randomised study of 100 consecutive neurosurgical procedures involving 90 paediatric patients aged 7 days to 16.8 years. The ...
Hernandez-Perez E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Microdermabrasion (MDA) is a new procedure used for the treatment of cosmetic problems, particularly to combat photoaging and intrinsic aging. Though excellent clinical improvement has been well documented, histologic support is limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine if microscopic changes correlate with clinical improvement and to examine the depth of penetration ...
Shim E K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Microdermabrasion is a widely performed skin rejuvenation procedure. Few studies have examined its efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and histopathologic effects of microdermabrasion. METHODS: Fourteen patients underwent microdermabrasion treatments over 12-14 weeks. Self-rated questionnaires were given before and after the treatment series and were evaluated by a paired ...
Radakovic-Fijan S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Oral corticosteroid pulse therapy has provided inconsistent results in the treatment of Indian patients with vitiligo. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of oral dexamethasone pulse therapy in a cohort of Austrian patients with vitiligo. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with vitiligo were included in the study. ...
Hofer A - - 2001
This study was performed to assess the effectiveness and short-term and long-term safety of oral khellin plus UVA (KUVA) in patients with vitiligo. Twenty-eight patients (13 males and 15 females; mean age, 34 years; [age range, 15-51 years]) most with extensive generalized vitiligo of more than 6 months duration had ...
Romero G A - - 2001
We compared the clinical findings and diagnostic methods for 66 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis in the state of Bahia, Brazil, who were infected by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis (group A), with those for 68 patients in the state of Amazonas, Brazil, who were mainly infected by Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis (group B). ...
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