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Results 401 - 450 of 2897
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Watt Jaclyn R - - 2011
To determine whether a 10-week supervised hip flexor stretching program in frail elderly subjects would increase peak hip extension, stride length, and gait speed and reduce anterior pelvic tilt during comfortable and fast-paced walking. A double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Pre- and post-treatment assessments were performed in a gait laboratory and ...
Kakkos S K - - 2011
The aim of this paper was to perform a systemic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of combined modalities (intermittent pneumatic leg compression and pharmacological prophylaxis, treatment group) against single modalities alone (control group) in preventing pulmonary embolism (PE), including fatal PE and deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in high-risk patients. Databases ...
McEntire Mayes - - 2011
No study has compared 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine with 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine in a mandibular buccal infiltration of the first molar. The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, crossover study comparing the degree of pulpal anesthesia obtained with 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 4% articaine with ...
Kang Suk-Bong - - 2011
Low-dose aspirin for the prevention of cardiovascular disease is recommended to be discontinued at least 7 days before spinal surgery. To determine the effect of stopping low-dose aspirin at least 7 days before surgery on the level of the perioperative blood loss or complications related to hemorrhage. Retrospective case study. ...
Garg B - - 2011
PURPOSE. To compare the outcomes of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) versus open discectomy for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS. 80 men and 32 women aged 26 to 57 (mean, 37) years with a single-level disc herniation were randomised to undergo MED (n=55) or open (fenestration/laminotomy) discectomy (n=57). Patients were assessed pre- and ...
Bai Yu-Jing - - 2011
Ahmed glaucoma valves (AGV) has been used for decades, but there is no detailed report about the efficacy of AGV in Chinese glaucoma patients. This study aimed to compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering efficacy and side effects of S-2 polypropylene and PF-7 silicone AGV implantation in Chinese refractory glaucoma ...
Caubet Jean-François - - 2011
Between 1997 and 2009, 124 children with severe early-onset spinal deformity were treated with the vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib or growing rods. Before the implantation of the device, 12 underwent halo-gravity traction (HGT) and 13 had a spinal release (SR). This observational study is based on x-rays obtained before ...
Amin Albirmawy Osama - - 2011
To assess the anatomic and audiologic results of tympanoplasty types I, II, and III using a ring graft in conjunction with intact bridge mastoidectomy for management of chronic otitis media, mucosal type. Retrospective clinical study. Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tanta University Hospital, Egypt. The records of 97 patients ...
Edouard Pascal - - 2011
Although rotator-cuff muscle contraction plays an important role in stabilizing the glenohumeral joint, little is known about the role of these muscles in the pathophysiology of recurrent anterior instability. We intended to analyze the association between isokinetic internal rotator and external rotator muscle strength and glenohumeral joint instability in patients ...
Wenz J R - - 2011
Daily evaluation of rectal temperature (RT) during the first 10 d in milk (DIM) is used to facilitate the early identification of postpartum complications, particularly metritis in dairy cows. The factors associated with RT of postpartum dairy cows have not been clearly established and the RT threshold used to define ...
Imaura Masaharu - - 2011
Pharmacists are providing pharmaceutical care in general wards, but it is still not common in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, we have worked in ICU, and recommended the rational dosage regimen of the antibiotics to the physicians during the treatment period. Especially, the patients who were infected with methicillin-resistant ...
Xu Rui Jiang - - 2011
The regular Ponseti method for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot requires a series of manipulations and castings at weekly intervals. It is not known whether the correction could be achieved in a shorter period of time with multiple manipulations and castings per week. This study was designed to evaluate the ...
Kang Tae Wook - - 2011
This study was designed to assess the effect of artificial ascites on thermal protection of the diaphragm and the therapeutic efficacy of this technique during percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma abutting the diaphragm. A total of 44 patients with a single nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (< 4 cm; mean, 2.2 ...
Kroese Mariëlle E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-consequence analysis of the substitution of specialized rheumatology nurses (SRN) for rheumatologists (RMT) in the diagnostic process of fibromyalgia (FM), using both a healthcare and societal perspective and a 9-month period. METHODS: Alongside a randomized controlled trial, we measured costs and consequences of a nurse-led diagnostic ...
Davies Mark G - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of percutaneous therapy for symptomatic >50% angiographic restenosis after iliac intervention versus outcomes of the primary procedure. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 937 patients (733 men; mean age 65 years) who underwent 1532 endovascular interventions for symptomatic atherosclerotic iliac artery obstruction and were ...
Chotel Franck - - 2011
Nonoperative treatment avoids the complications after extensive surgery for idiopathic clubfeet. The purpose of this study was to compare retrospectively French physiotherapy and Ponseti method used to treat idiopathic clubfoot in 2 institutions. Two hundred nineteen idiopathic clubfeet (146 patients) managed during a 3-year period (2000 to 2003) were included ...
Arbel Joel - - 2011
Aims: To test the efficacy and safety of a chitosan pad for femoral haemostasis as an adjunct to manual compression. Haemostasis of the femoral artery after coronary angiography by manual compression is time consuming and uncomfortable for the patient. Closure devices are costly and do not reduce vascular complication rate. ...
Wang Lei-Guang - - 2011
The aim of this study was to observe the contraceptive effectiveness and reversibility of the oviduct plug with nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) shape memory alloy and silicone rubber in rabbits. The oviduct plugs with Ni-Ti shape memory alloy and silicone rubber were made as contraceptive devices. The frame of the oviduct plug ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2011
: Despite preoperative localization or intraoperative parathyroid hormone, monitoring increased the operative successful rate, recurrent, and persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism are still unavoidable after parathyroidectomy or reoperation. We present our experience of using percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) in treating these patients. : To conduct a prospective study of 49 patients ...
Panagopoulou V - - 2011
Transient cognitive dysfunction after general anesthesia is a frequent finding among elderly patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of physostigmine may enhance recovery from general anesthesia in elderly patients. Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-III patients aged >65 years old who ...
Tyagi Asha - - 2011
Sepsis is considered a relative contraindication for epidural blockade. Recent evidence indicates that thoracic epidural blockade may be of benefit during sepsis by improving gut perfusion. This study was planned to evaluate whether combining thoracic epidural blockade with general anaesthesia could decrease the post-operative mortality and morbidity in patients with ...
Messerer Mahmoud - - 2011
Object Because of their size and lateral extension, total removal of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) remains a challenge and postoperative tumor remnants are frequent. Endoscopy has improved the surgeon's view; however, its superiority in terms of surgical outcome remains undetermined. The authors' aim in this study was to compare the ...
Swan M C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Excessive postoperative drainage following groin and axillary lymphadenectomy may be associated with a prolonged hospital stay and an increased complication rate. The use of fibrin sealant before wound closure may reduce postoperative wound drainage. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective groin or axillary lymphadenectomy were randomized to standard wound closure ...
Yao Yong - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of combined diclofenac sodium and nuclear rotation on the prevention of posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Wuxi People's Hospital, Jiangsu, China. Comparative case series. In a preclinical trial, porcine eyes were randomized to have hydrodissection with diclofenac sodium (Group A), diclofenac sodium and nuclear rotation (Group B), ...
Baek Jae Suk - - 2011
Pulmonary artery (PA) growth after a Fontan procedure tends to be suboptimal to somatic growth. This study aimed to investigate whether the PA size affects the late outcomes of the Fontan procedure. This study enrolled 120 Fontan patients. Their mean age was 19.3 ± 5.6 years. PA size was measured ...
Pinky C - - 2011
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate clinical and radiographic success of endodontic treatment of infected primary teeth using two combinations of antibacterial drugs consisting of ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and minocycline in one group and ciprofloxacin, ornidazole, and minocycline in the other group. Materials and Methods: The selected 40 teeth were ...
Yağci G - - 2011
Liver transplantation (OLT) has become the treatment of choice for end-stage liver failure, as well as for selected cases of malignancies and metabolic disorders. Decreased postoperative complications and mortality rates are expected to correlate with improvements in the interdisciplinary team approach, the perioperative anesthesiologic and intensive care management, and careful ...
Lemesle Gilles - - 2011
Aims: Clopidogrel discontinuation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation has been reported to correlate with stent thrombosis. Whether these events are a consequence of the rebound phenomenon or a lack of protection in unhealed vessels is unclear. This study aimed to determine the link between clopidogrel ...
Wang Yi-Fei - - 2011
Hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) is one of the most common causes for neonatal infants requiring aggressive respiratory support. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) has been established routinely as an adjunct to conventional respiratory support in developed countries. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of iNO in neonates with ...
Simonini Gabriele - - 2011
To compare the efficacy and safety of adalimumab versus infliximab in an open-label prospective, comparative, multicenter cohort study of childhood noninfectious chronic uveitis. Thirty-three patients (22 females, 11 males, median age 9.17 years) with refractory, vision-threatening, noninfectious active uveitis were enrolled, and received for at least 1 year infliximab (5 ...
Shin Hong Il - - 2011
We evaluated the long-term effects of loxoprofen on nocturia in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Between January 2006 and December 2008, 40 BPH patients with 2 or more episodes of nocturia received an alpha-blocker, 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, and a single dose of 60 mg of loxoprofen at night before ...
Kwon Joon Seok - - 2011
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is still considered the gold standard in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, open prostatectomy is indicated for prostate glands over 75 ml. There have been few reports concerning the use of TURP for large prostate glands over 100 ml. Herein we ...
Fabbro Diana L - - 2011
We investigated the relationship between potentially pathogenic antibodies against a Trypanosoma cruzi ribosomal protein (P2β) and the evolution of Chagas disease and the effect of trypanocidal treatment on these variables. Seventy-eight patients with chronic Chagas disease who were followed-up for more than 20 years were divided into three groups: 30 ...
Song I-H - - 2011
To evaluate the potential of etanercept versus sulfasalazine to reduce active inflammatory lesions on whole-body MRI in active axial spondyloarthritis with a symptom duration of less than 5 years. Patients were randomly assigned to etanercept (n=40) or sulfasalazine (n=36) treatment over 48 weeks. All patients showed active inflammatory lesions (bone ...
Kaur Sukhminderjit - - 2011
Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) remains an important nosocomial ailment. Antimicrobial therapy used for CDAD gives inconsistent results. This experimental study was planned to investigate the beneficial effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus and epidermal growth factor (EGF) for CDAD management. Among 10 groups of BALB/c mice (6 in each), group 1 served ...
Littlejohn Lanny F LF Department of Emergency Medicine, Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, VA, USA. - - 2011
Uncontrolled hemorrhage remains one of the leading causes of trauma deaths and one of the most challenging problems facing emergency medical professionals. Several hemostatic agents have emerged as effective adjuncts in controlling extremity hemorrhage. However, a review of the current literature indicates that none of these agents have proven superior ...
LeWitt Peter A PA Wayne State University School of Medicine, Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Program, Henry Ford West Bloomfield Hospital, MI, - - 2011
Gene transfer of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and other methods that modulate production of GABA in the subthalamic nucleus improve basal ganglia function in parkinsonism in animal models. We aimed to assess the effect of bilateral delivery of AAV2-GAD in the subthalamic nucleus compared with sham surgery in patients with ...
Elman Michael J MJ Elman Retina Group, PA, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2011
To report expanded 2-year follow-up of a previously reported randomized trial evaluating intravitreal 0.5 mg ranibizumab or 4 mg triamcinolone combined with focal/grid laser compared with focal/grid laser alone for treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). Multicenter, randomized clinical trial. A total of 854 study eyes of 691 participants with ...
Aarab Ghizlane - - 2011
Background: Long-term trials are needed to capture information regarding the persistence of efficacy and loss to follow-up of both mandibular advancement device (MAD) therapy and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare these treatment aspects between MAD and nasal CPAP (nCPAP) in ...
Senturk Ekrem - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We comparative effects of mitomycin-c and heparin which have different mechanism of action in a minimal invasive corrosive esophagitis model which was formed by NaOH 40%. METHOD: The study was performed on forty female Wistar albino rats; were divided into four equal groups each including ten animals. Group C ...
Li Chunhai - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness/safety of systemic methotrexate (MTX) treatment versus transcatheter arterial chemoembolization using different embolic agents for termination of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: Women with CSP were randomized to receive intravenous infusion of MTX (group 1, n=13), or chemoembolization with MTX and either gelatin sponge (GS; group ...
Deppe Herbert - - 2011
Use of the CO(2) laser (λ = 10.6 μm, continuous wave, defocused) is an established procedure for the treatment of premalignant lesions. Through employment of the sp-mode as well as scanners, thermal laser effects can be reduced but, on the other hand, a lesser degree of destruction of dysplastic cells could lead to ...
Leboeuf Amélie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Higher dialysate calcium (DCa) can result in an acute and transient increase in arterial stiffness. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the impact of DCa on the progression of arterial stiffness, calcium balance and bone metabolism in haemodialysis (HD) patients over a 6-month period. Method. We ...
Lv Guoliang - - 2011
Bioartificial liver (BAL) support system has been proposed as potential treatment method for end-stage liver diseases. We described an improved BAL system based on a choanoid fluidized bed bioreactor containing alginate-chitosan encapsulated primary porcine hepatocytes. The feasibility, safety and efficiency of this device were estimated using an allogeneic fulminant hepatic ...
Agaoglu A R - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical and endocrinological effects of four different treatments for the induction of abortion in bitches. For this purpose, 28 pregnant bitches between days 25 and 35 of gestation, were randomly assigned to four groups. In group I (n = 7), ...
Zolotarevsky E - - 2011
Temporary prophylactic pancreatic duct stenting effectively reduces post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) in high-risk patients, but the optimal stent remains unclear. We compared rate of spontaneous passage, and technical difficulty of placement for 3-Fr and 5-Fr stents. A randomized controlled trial at a single academic medical center. Patients deemed ...
Poordad Fred - - 2011
Peginterferon-ribavirin therapy is the current standard of care for chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The rate of sustained virologic response has been below 50% in cases of HCV genotype 1 infection. Boceprevir, a potent oral HCV-protease inhibitor, has been evaluated as an additional treatment in phase 1 and ...
Scott Garrett R GR Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2011
To determine whether postoperative use of topical ketorolac tromethamine 0.5% affects intraocular pressure (IOP) following Ahmed glaucoma drainage device (New World Medical, Inc., Rancho Cucamonga, CA) implantation. Patients undergoing Ahmed implantation at the University of Michigan from January 2002 to June 2008 were reviewed. Fourteen eyes received ketorolac after surgery; ...
Pourmatroud Elham - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To assess the usefulness of using ascorbic acid (vitamin C) administration in abdominal myomectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 102 patients were divided two groups in this prospective, clinical trial. Group A had received 2 g of ascorbic acid during a myomectomy, and group B had a myomectomy without ...
Ozawa Makito - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the predictive factors for recurrent restenosis lesions treated on two previous occasions with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES). BACKGROUND: Angiography data related to recurrent SES restenosis have not been reported. METHODS: Binary restenosis was observed in 66 patients with 78 lesions from a total of 1,393 patients with 1,965 ...
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