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Results 401 - 450 of 2899
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Xu Rui Jiang - - 2011
The regular Ponseti method for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot requires a series of manipulations and castings at weekly intervals. It is not known whether the correction could be achieved in a shorter period of time with multiple manipulations and castings per week. This study was designed to evaluate the ...
Caubet Jean-François - - 2011
Between 1997 and 2009, 124 children with severe early-onset spinal deformity were treated with the vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib or growing rods. Before the implantation of the device, 12 underwent halo-gravity traction (HGT) and 13 had a spinal release (SR). This observational study is based on x-rays obtained before ...
Amin Albirmawy Osama - - 2011
To assess the anatomic and audiologic results of tympanoplasty types I, II, and III using a ring graft in conjunction with intact bridge mastoidectomy for management of chronic otitis media, mucosal type. Retrospective clinical study. Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tanta University Hospital, Egypt. The records of 97 patients ...
Edouard Pascal - - 2011
Although rotator-cuff muscle contraction plays an important role in stabilizing the glenohumeral joint, little is known about the role of these muscles in the pathophysiology of recurrent anterior instability. We intended to analyze the association between isokinetic internal rotator and external rotator muscle strength and glenohumeral joint instability in patients ...
Garg B - - 2011
PURPOSE. To compare the outcomes of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) versus open discectomy for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS. 80 men and 32 women aged 26 to 57 (mean, 37) years with a single-level disc herniation were randomised to undergo MED (n=55) or open (fenestration/laminotomy) discectomy (n=57). Patients were assessed pre- and ...
Swan M C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Excessive postoperative drainage following groin and axillary lymphadenectomy may be associated with a prolonged hospital stay and an increased complication rate. The use of fibrin sealant before wound closure may reduce postoperative wound drainage. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective groin or axillary lymphadenectomy were randomized to standard wound closure ...
Messerer Mahmoud - - 2011
Object Because of their size and lateral extension, total removal of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) remains a challenge and postoperative tumor remnants are frequent. Endoscopy has improved the surgeon's view; however, its superiority in terms of surgical outcome remains undetermined. The authors' aim in this study was to compare the ...
Polat-Özsoy Omür - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to compare the effects of incisor intrusion obtained with the aid of miniscrews and utility arches. Twenty-four patients (10 male, 14 female) with a deepbite of at least 4 mm were divided to 2 groups. In group 1, 13 patients (3 male, 10 ...
Watt Jaclyn R - - 2011
To determine whether a 10-week supervised hip flexor stretching program in frail elderly subjects would increase peak hip extension, stride length, and gait speed and reduce anterior pelvic tilt during comfortable and fast-paced walking. A double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Pre- and post-treatment assessments were performed in a gait laboratory and ...
Park J S - - 2011
Postbronchoscopy fever can develop in 5-16% of adult patients. The microbiological contribution to postbronchoscopy fever is unclear. To elucidate the effect of prophylactic antibiotics on the development of postbronchoscopy fever and pneumonia. Study patients were randomised to receive no treatment or oral amoxicillin/clavulanate 30 min before flexible bronchoscopy. The primary ...
Tyagi Asha - - 2011
Sepsis is considered a relative contraindication for epidural blockade. Recent evidence indicates that thoracic epidural blockade may be of benefit during sepsis by improving gut perfusion. This study was planned to evaluate whether combining thoracic epidural blockade with general anaesthesia could decrease the post-operative mortality and morbidity in patients with ...
Bai Yu-Jing - - 2011
Ahmed glaucoma valves (AGV) has been used for decades, but there is no detailed report about the efficacy of AGV in Chinese glaucoma patients. This study aimed to compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering efficacy and side effects of S-2 polypropylene and PF-7 silicone AGV implantation in Chinese refractory glaucoma ...
Wenz J R - - 2011
Daily evaluation of rectal temperature (RT) during the first 10 d in milk (DIM) is used to facilitate the early identification of postpartum complications, particularly metritis in dairy cows. The factors associated with RT of postpartum dairy cows have not been clearly established and the RT threshold used to define ...
Wang Lei-Guang - - 2011
The aim of this study was to observe the contraceptive effectiveness and reversibility of the oviduct plug with nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) shape memory alloy and silicone rubber in rabbits. The oviduct plugs with Ni-Ti shape memory alloy and silicone rubber were made as contraceptive devices. The frame of the oviduct plug ...
Koh Kyoung Hwan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and the retear rates of arthroscopic single-row (SR) and double-row (DR) suture anchor repair in 2- to 4-cm rotator cuff tears. From 2005 to 2007, 71 patients with a 2- to 4-cm rotator cuff tear (proven by arthroscopy) were ...
Imaura Masaharu - - 2011
Pharmacists are providing pharmaceutical care in general wards, but it is still not common in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, we have worked in ICU, and recommended the rational dosage regimen of the antibiotics to the physicians during the treatment period. Especially, the patients who were infected with methicillin-resistant ...
Shin Hong Il - - 2011
We evaluated the long-term effects of loxoprofen on nocturia in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Between January 2006 and December 2008, 40 BPH patients with 2 or more episodes of nocturia received an alpha-blocker, 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, and a single dose of 60 mg of loxoprofen at night before ...
Pompeo Eugenio - - 2011
Objective: In a prospective non-randomized study, we compared results and costs of non-resectional lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) performed through awake or non-awake anesthesia that was freely chosen by recruited patients. Method: Non-resectional LVRS was performed by epidural anesthesia in 41 patients (awake group) and by general anesthesia in 19 ...
Allak Amir - - 2011
Extubation (cessation of ventilatory support) is often delayed in free flap patients to protect the microvascular anastomosis, presumably by reducing emergence-related agitation. We sought to determine if immediate extubation in the operating room (OR) would improve the postoperative course compared to delayed extubation in the intensive care unit (ICU). Retrospective ...
Cole Brian J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There are currently several approaches being pursued to treat focal defects of articular cartilage, each having specific advantages or challenges. A single-stage procedure that uses autologous cartilage fragments, Cartilage Autograft Implantation System (CAIS), is being evaluated in patients and may offer a clinically effective option. PURPOSE: To establish the ...
Chen Shun-Jie - - 2011
Objective: To investigate whether the combination of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) with hemoperfusion (HP) could improve the clearance rate of middle and large molecule uremic toxins so as to improve the quality of life of MHD patients and reduce their mortality rate. Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical ...
Kalsi Jas - - 2011
• To compare the outcome of first-attempt intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ICSI--embryo transfer (ET) cycles using frozen-thawed testicular sperm (FTTS), fresh testicular sperm (FTS), frozen-thawed epididymal sperm (FTES) and fresh epididymal sperm (FES) so as to determine which of these has the most successful ICSI outcome with respect to fertilization ...
Lengenfelder Bjoern - - 2011
TOPSTAR was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial studying the effects of adding the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban to conventional treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). TOPSTAR demonstrated a lower periprocedural troponin release and a reduced 6-month mortality risk following PCI. The present study analyzed ...
Altinel M - - 2011
With the developments in laparoscopic surgery, open donor nephrectomy has been widely replaced by laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Presented herein is the comparison of laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (LLDN) and open live donor nephrectomy (OLDN) results performed at our institute. Patients who underwent OLDN between July 2006 and August 2008 or ...
Bickel Amitai - - 2011
To assess the influence of hyperoxygenation on surgical site infection by using the most homogeneous study population. A randomized, prospective, controlled trial. Department of surgery in a government hospital. A total of 210 patients who underwent open surgery for acute appendicitis. In the study group, patients received 80% oxygen during ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2011
: Despite preoperative localization or intraoperative parathyroid hormone, monitoring increased the operative successful rate, recurrent, and persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism are still unavoidable after parathyroidectomy or reoperation. We present our experience of using percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) in treating these patients. : To conduct a prospective study of 49 patients ...
Panagopoulou V - - 2011
Transient cognitive dysfunction after general anesthesia is a frequent finding among elderly patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of physostigmine may enhance recovery from general anesthesia in elderly patients. Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-III patients aged >65 years old who ...
Kwon Joon Seok - - 2011
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is still considered the gold standard in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, open prostatectomy is indicated for prostate glands over 75 ml. There have been few reports concerning the use of TURP for large prostate glands over 100 ml. Herein we ...
Kaur Sukhminderjit - - 2011
Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) remains an important nosocomial ailment. Antimicrobial therapy used for CDAD gives inconsistent results. This experimental study was planned to investigate the beneficial effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus and epidermal growth factor (EGF) for CDAD management. Among 10 groups of BALB/c mice (6 in each), group 1 served ...
Moschonis George - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine whether a holistic approach combining nutrition and lifestyle counselling with the consumption of milk and yoghurt enriched with calcium, vitamin D(3) and phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) or menaquinone (vitamin K(2)) would have any additional benefit on bone mineral density (BMD) indices measured ...
Gupta S S - - 2011
To compare the effectiveness of tube sigmoidostomy and sigmoidopexy as effective treatment options for patients with acute uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus. The records of 72 patients with acute uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus with obstruction who were treated by tube sigmoidostomy (Group I: n=32) and sigmoidopexy (Group II: n=40) were reviewed retrospectively. Follow-up ...
Jakobsone Gundega - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the upper airway changes after simultaneous maxillary advancement/impaction and mandibular setback in skeletal Class III malocclusion. The subjects included 76 patients whose treatment included 1-piece LeFort I and bilateral sagittal split osteotomies. Lateral cephalograms were taken before surgery and 2 months and ...
Davies Mark G - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of percutaneous therapy for symptomatic >50% angiographic restenosis after iliac intervention versus outcomes of the primary procedure. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 937 patients (733 men; mean age 65 years) who underwent 1532 endovascular interventions for symptomatic atherosclerotic iliac artery obstruction and were ...
Pinky C - - 2011
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate clinical and radiographic success of endodontic treatment of infected primary teeth using two combinations of antibacterial drugs consisting of ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and minocycline in one group and ciprofloxacin, ornidazole, and minocycline in the other group. Materials and Methods: The selected 40 teeth were ...
Chotel Franck - - 2011
Nonoperative treatment avoids the complications after extensive surgery for idiopathic clubfeet. The purpose of this study was to compare retrospectively French physiotherapy and Ponseti method used to treat idiopathic clubfoot in 2 institutions. Two hundred nineteen idiopathic clubfeet (146 patients) managed during a 3-year period (2000 to 2003) were included ...
Simonini Gabriele - - 2011
To compare the efficacy and safety of adalimumab versus infliximab in an open-label prospective, comparative, multicenter cohort study of childhood noninfectious chronic uveitis. Thirty-three patients (22 females, 11 males, median age 9.17 years) with refractory, vision-threatening, noninfectious active uveitis were enrolled, and received for at least 1 year infliximab (5 ...
Wang Yi-Fei - - 2011
Hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) is one of the most common causes for neonatal infants requiring aggressive respiratory support. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) has been established routinely as an adjunct to conventional respiratory support in developed countries. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of iNO in neonates with ...
Edouard P - - 2011
Background Although rotator cuff contractions play an important role in stabilizing the glenohumeral joint, little is known about the role of these muscles in physiopathological recurrent anterior instability. Objective To analyze the association between isokinetic internal rotator (IR) and external rotator (ER) muscle strength and glenohumeral joint instability in patients ...
Cheng Marina - - 2011
Ureteroileal anastomotic stricture is a late complication of Bricker ileal conduits. We report our utilization of a 'shield shaped' rather than a standard slit ileotomy. We retrospectively reviewed a single surgeon's experience performing Bricker ileal conduits, initially using a slit incision, then a shield shaped ileotomy. Patient demographics, type of ...
Awal A - - 2011
Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), an acute decline in renal function after the administration of intravenous contrast in the absence of other causes, is the third leading cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients. Antioxidant N-acetylcysteine prevents acute contrast nephrotoxicity in patients with impaired renal function who underwent coronary angiography ...
Scott Garrett R GR Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2011
To determine whether postoperative use of topical ketorolac tromethamine 0.5% affects intraocular pressure (IOP) following Ahmed glaucoma drainage device (New World Medical, Inc., Rancho Cucamonga, CA) implantation. Patients undergoing Ahmed implantation at the University of Michigan from January 2002 to June 2008 were reviewed. Fourteen eyes received ketorolac after surgery; ...
Aarab Ghizlane - - 2011
Background: Long-term trials are needed to capture information regarding the persistence of efficacy and loss to follow-up of both mandibular advancement device (MAD) therapy and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare these treatment aspects between MAD and nasal CPAP (nCPAP) in ...
Lv Guoliang - - 2011
Bioartificial liver (BAL) support system has been proposed as potential treatment method for end-stage liver diseases. We described an improved BAL system based on a choanoid fluidized bed bioreactor containing alginate-chitosan encapsulated primary porcine hepatocytes. The feasibility, safety and efficiency of this device were estimated using an allogeneic fulminant hepatic ...
Leboeuf Amélie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Higher dialysate calcium (DCa) can result in an acute and transient increase in arterial stiffness. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the impact of DCa on the progression of arterial stiffness, calcium balance and bone metabolism in haemodialysis (HD) patients over a 6-month period. Method. We ...
Li Chunhai - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness/safety of systemic methotrexate (MTX) treatment versus transcatheter arterial chemoembolization using different embolic agents for termination of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: Women with CSP were randomized to receive intravenous infusion of MTX (group 1, n=13), or chemoembolization with MTX and either gelatin sponge (GS; group ...
Senturk Ekrem - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We comparative effects of mitomycin-c and heparin which have different mechanism of action in a minimal invasive corrosive esophagitis model which was formed by NaOH 40%. METHOD: The study was performed on forty female Wistar albino rats; were divided into four equal groups each including ten animals. Group C ...
Deppe Herbert - - 2011
Use of the CO(2) laser (λ = 10.6 μm, continuous wave, defocused) is an established procedure for the treatment of premalignant lesions. Through employment of the sp-mode as well as scanners, thermal laser effects can be reduced but, on the other hand, a lesser degree of destruction of dysplastic cells could lead to ...
Agaoglu A R - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical and endocrinological effects of four different treatments for the induction of abortion in bitches. For this purpose, 28 pregnant bitches between days 25 and 35 of gestation, were randomly assigned to four groups. In group I (n = 7), ...
Poordad Fred - - 2011
Peginterferon-ribavirin therapy is the current standard of care for chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The rate of sustained virologic response has been below 50% in cases of HCV genotype 1 infection. Boceprevir, a potent oral HCV-protease inhibitor, has been evaluated as an additional treatment in phase 1 and ...
Zolotarevsky E - - 2011
Temporary prophylactic pancreatic duct stenting effectively reduces post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) in high-risk patients, but the optimal stent remains unclear. We compared rate of spontaneous passage, and technical difficulty of placement for 3-Fr and 5-Fr stents. A randomized controlled trial at a single academic medical center. Patients deemed ...
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