Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2859
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Senturk Ekrem - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We comparative effects of mitomycin-c and heparin which have different mechanism of action in a minimal invasive corrosive esophagitis model which was formed by NaOH 40%. METHOD: The study was performed on forty female Wistar albino rats; were divided into four equal groups each including ten animals. Group C ...
Li Chunhai - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness/safety of systemic methotrexate (MTX) treatment versus transcatheter arterial chemoembolization using different embolic agents for termination of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: Women with CSP were randomized to receive intravenous infusion of MTX (group 1, n=13), or chemoembolization with MTX and either gelatin sponge (GS; group ...
Deppe Herbert - - 2011
Use of the CO(2) laser (λ = 10.6 μm, continuous wave, defocused) is an established procedure for the treatment of premalignant lesions. Through employment of the sp-mode as well as scanners, thermal laser effects can be reduced but, on the other hand, a lesser degree of destruction of dysplastic cells could lead to ...
Leboeuf Amélie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Higher dialysate calcium (DCa) can result in an acute and transient increase in arterial stiffness. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the impact of DCa on the progression of arterial stiffness, calcium balance and bone metabolism in haemodialysis (HD) patients over a 6-month period. Method. We ...
Lv Guoliang - - 2011
Bioartificial liver (BAL) support system has been proposed as potential treatment method for end-stage liver diseases. We described an improved BAL system based on a choanoid fluidized bed bioreactor containing alginate-chitosan encapsulated primary porcine hepatocytes. The feasibility, safety and efficiency of this device were estimated using an allogeneic fulminant hepatic ...
Agaoglu A R - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical and endocrinological effects of four different treatments for the induction of abortion in bitches. For this purpose, 28 pregnant bitches between days 25 and 35 of gestation, were randomly assigned to four groups. In group I (n = 7), ...
Scott Garrett R - - 2011
To determine whether postoperative use of topical ketorolac tromethamine 0.5% affects intraocular pressure (IOP) following Ahmed glaucoma drainage device (New World Medical, Inc., Rancho Cucamonga, CA) implantation. Patients undergoing Ahmed implantation at the University of Michigan from January 2002 to June 2008 were reviewed. Fourteen eyes received ketorolac after surgery; ...
Zolotarevsky E - - 2011
Temporary prophylactic pancreatic duct stenting effectively reduces post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) in high-risk patients, but the optimal stent remains unclear. We compared rate of spontaneous passage, and technical difficulty of placement for 3-Fr and 5-Fr stents. A randomized controlled trial at a single academic medical center. Patients deemed ...
Poordad Fred - - 2011
Peginterferon-ribavirin therapy is the current standard of care for chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The rate of sustained virologic response has been below 50% in cases of HCV genotype 1 infection. Boceprevir, a potent oral HCV-protease inhibitor, has been evaluated as an additional treatment in phase 1 and ...
Pourmatroud Elham - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To assess the usefulness of using ascorbic acid (vitamin C) administration in abdominal myomectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 102 patients were divided two groups in this prospective, clinical trial. Group A had received 2 g of ascorbic acid during a myomectomy, and group B had a myomectomy without ...
Ozawa Makito - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the predictive factors for recurrent restenosis lesions treated on two previous occasions with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES). BACKGROUND: Angiography data related to recurrent SES restenosis have not been reported. METHODS: Binary restenosis was observed in 66 patients with 78 lesions from a total of 1,393 patients with 1,965 ...
Jastrzębska Maria - - 2011
Disorders of haemostasis which result in ischaemic stroke usually appear as thromboembolism in peripheral veins and the pulmonary circulation, and to a lesser extent as coagulopathy. The S-100 protein, a marker of stroke, correlates positively with the neurological deficit National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). We adopted the hypothesis ...
Pang Hee-Nee - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objective of this prospective study was to compare the functional outcome of conventional measured resection technique and computer-assisted gap balancing technique in TKA. METHODS: 140 patients were randomized into two groups. The conventional measured resection technique without computer navigation was performed in Group 1 and the computer-assisted gap ...
Zhang Jingwei - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify the results of ultrasound-guided injection of corticosteroid for biceps brachii tendinitis. In this randomized and prospective study, we evaluated 45 patients who were treated by free-hand injection without ultrasound guidance (group A) and 53 patients who were treated by ultrasound-guided injection (group ...
Wakabayashi Ritsuko - - 2011
Aim:  Education is a key issue for the long-term management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in older patients. We tested the hypothesis that integrated care focusing on patient information needs for self-management can improve patient information needs and health outcomes. Methods:  Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 102) were randomized ...
Naja Zoher M - - 2011
Background:  The aim of this clinical trial was to determine the potential analgesic effect of preoperative paravertebral blockade in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods:  Sixty patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized to one of two groups with 30 patients each: bilateral nerve stimulator guided paravertebral blockade at the T5 ...
Díaz Espallardo Carmen - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Optimising haemoglobin (Hb) levels less than 13g/dl in the preoperative period can reduce the transfusion rate. With this aim, we developed a multidisciplinary protocol in our hospital for the treatment of patients proposed for colorectal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A study was conducted on 437 patients who had ...
Candiotti Keith A - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is the principal determinant of IL-1β bioactivity within the IL-1 gene cluster, regulating IL-1α and IL-1β release. This study was designed to determine whether polymorphisms of the IL-1Ra gene (IL1RN) produce clinically measurable differences in serum IL-1Ra concentrations and opioid consumption in the postoperative ...
Mokhtarinejad Farhad - - 2011
PURPOSE: Circumferential elevation of the anullus away from its bony seat and extension of the graft onto the anterior bony canal increase the bed of the graft anteriorly but may be associated with anterior blunting, and so, a significant conductive hearing loss may result. The purpose of this study was ...
Guo Qunfeng - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to compare the outcomes of three different anterior approaches for three-level cervical spondylosis. The records of 120 patients who underwent anterior approaches because of three-level cervical spondylosis between 2006 and 2008 were reviewed. Based on the type of surgery, the patients were divided into ...
de Haas Robbert J - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: An expansion of resectability criteria of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) is justified provided "acceptable" short-term and long-term outcomes. The aim of the present study was to ascertain this paradigm in an era of modern liver surgery. METHODS:: All consecutive patients who underwent hepatic resection for CLM at our institute ...
Maserati Renato - - 2011
To assess the efficacy and the tolerability of once-daily (QD) versus twice-daily (BID) nevirapine (NVP)-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in virologically suppressed, HIV-positive patients switched from protease inhibitor (PI)-based HAART. Eligible patients were enrolled in the multicenter trial if HIV RNA levels were <50 copies/mL for ³6 months prior. ...
Bittner Alex - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein (PV) electrical isolation is a therapeutic option in atrial fibrillation (AF). New technologies may reduce complexity of the procedure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare immediate results and short-term efficacy of a new circular ablation catheter (PVAC®) with a conventional point by point ...
Akin O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A number of technical precautions and many synthetic or biological materials have been suggested to reduce the frequency of prolonged air leak (PAL) following lung resection. Preserving the three-dimensional properties of the remaining lung parenchyma may prevent this complication to some extent. This study presents our experience with an ...
Mardani Jalal - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND:: We lack long-term data (>10 years) on the efficacy of antireflux surgery when evaluated within the framework of randomized clinical trials Hereby we report the outcome of a randomized trial comparing open total (I) and a Toupet posterior partial fundoplication (II) performed between 1983 and 1991. METHODS:: ...
Mesnil Malcie - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and adverse events related to inhaled sevoflurane for long-term sedation compared with standard intravenous (IV) sedation with propofol or midazolam. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Sixty intensive care unit (ICU) patients expected to require more than 24 h sedation were randomly assigned to one of three groups: group S, ...
Thourani Vinod H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Limited data exist on patients with cardiac cachexia or morbid obesity presenting for valvular heart surgery. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index and morbidity and mortality after valvular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 4247 patients undergoing valvular surgery from 1996 ...
Ozcelik Onur - - 2011
Ozcelik O, Haytac MC, Seydaoglu G. Treatment of multiple gingival recessions using a coronally advanced flap procedure combined with button application. J Clin Periodontol 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01724.x. ABSTRACT: Aim: The purpose of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new treatment approach, which consists of ...
Yazar Mehmet Akif - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We investigated the postoperative analgesic efficacy and effect on total tramadol consumption of intravenous dexketoprofen trometamol, a new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, in patients that had undergone lumbar disc surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients were included in this placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study. General anesthesia was applied to both groups. Group D ...
Poincloux Laurent - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopist-administered propofol sedation for colonoscopy has not been compared to anaesthetist-administered deep sedation in clinical trials. Our aim was to compare patients' satisfaction and safety during these two sedation modalities. METHODS: 90 adult patients undergoing colonoscopy were randomized into Group A, Endoscopist-administered propofol sedation and Group B, anaesthetist-administered deep ...
Shiotani Akiko - - 2011
Background and Aim: The clinical utility of capsule endoscopy (CE) is often limited by incomplete small-bowel transit. The aim was to determine whether the use of an external real-time viewer could reduce delays caused by delayed gastric emptying of the capsule or delayed intestinal transit and also improve the rate ...
Vajaria Rohini - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: To test the hypotheses that the Damon system will maintain intercanine, interpremolar, and intermolar widths. To test subsequent hypotheses that the Damon system will not produce a significant difference in maxillary and mandibular incisor position/angulation when compared with control groups treated with conventional fixed orthodontic appliances for similar ...
Tuncel Umut - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to demonstrate whether the human amniotic membrane (HAM) as an interpositional material could prevent temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reankylosis in the randomized rabbit model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our experimental study, 24 New Zealand white rabbits were used and all right joints were operated. ...
Kappert U - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In this study, facilitated anastomosis using an anastomotic device was compared to conventional hand-sewn (HS) vascular anastomosis in an animal model. METHODS: A pig carotid bypass model was employed. C-Port xV® (xV) and HS anastomoses were compared by evaluating intraoperative performance, midterm graft patency, and histology. RESULTS: All animals ...
Sun Kang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Most studies of allograft versus autograft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction have been of bone-patellar tendon-bone; outcome reports evaluating anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft versus allograft are rare. PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to compare the clinical outcome of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring ...
Tu Chu-Chin - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Users of Traditional Chinese Medicine (CM) and biomedicine (BM) are commonly assumed to belong to two different groups in most of the related literature. The purpose of this article is to compare the characteristics of those who use both CM and BM for the same illness (CBMS) with ...
Heinz Carsten - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine long-term changes of laser flare (LF) after trabeculectomy (TE) and transscleral diode cyclophotocoagulation (TDCPC) in patients with uveitic secondary glaucoma. Retrospective, single-center analysis. Overall, 40 TE (mean follow-up 21.1 months) and 68 TDCPC (mean follow-up 21.8 months, P = 0.38) procedures were performed. The intraocular pressure ...
el-Assmy Ahmed - - 2011
To assess the effect of timing of presentation of cases with penile fracture on the outcome of surgical intervention. Between January 1986 and May 2010, 180 patients with penile fracture were treated surgically in our center. To assess the effect of timing of presentation, patients were classified into 2 groups: ...
Weibl Peter - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the management and interpersonal variability of Bosniak classification and demonstrate the present diagnostic dilemmas. Material and methods. One-hundred and four patients with 113 complex renal cystic masses (26 Bosniak II,15 IIF,28 III and 44 IV) were included and analysed between ...
Rana Obaida R - - 2011
Biochemical markers, e.g. NSE or S100B, and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) are considered promising candidates for neurological prognostic predictors in patients after cardiac arrest (CA). The Utstein Templates recommend the use of the Glasgow-Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Categories (GP-CPC) to divide patients according to their neurological outcome. However, several studies investigating ...
Edan G - - 2011
Objectives The long-term impact of interferon-beta-1b (IFN) might be improved by short-term immunosuppression with mitoxantrone (MITOX) in aggressive relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (ARMS) patients. Methods In this 3-year clinical and MRI study, 109 ARMS patients (two or more relapses in the previous 12&emsp14;months and one or more gadolinium (Gd)-enhancing MRI lesion) ...
Zhongmin Wang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the clinical effectiveness of intraluminal radioactive stent loaded with iodine-125 seeds implantation versus covered stent alone insertion in patients with malignant esophageal stricture. METHODS: We studied two groups of patients with malignant esophageal stricture. Group A comprised 28 patients (19 men and 9 ...
Martin Jean-Michel - - 2011
To determine if a type of unicoloniality exists in the fire ant Solenopsis saevissima in its native range, we conducted intraspecific aggressiveness tests in French Guiana between workers originating from 15 human-disturbed sites. We identified two "colonial groups" spread over 54km and 12.5km, respectively. Workers from the same group never ...
Hara Noboru - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To assess long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with renal pelvic cancer who are receiving nephrectomy plus endoscopy-assisted intussusception ureterectomy. There has been no large study reporting long-term oncologic outcomes of this approach in comparison with those of conventional nephroureterectomy plus bladder cuff removal. Patients and Methods: We reviewed ...
Eriksson Katarina - - 2011
Eriksson K, Larsson P-G, Nilsson M, Forsum U. Vaginal retention of locally administered clindamycin. APMIS 2011; 119: 373-6. Since bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterized by a lack of, or very few, lactobacilli and high numbers of small, mostly anaerobic bacteria, an obvious treatment modality would be eradication of the BV-associated ...
Yu S C H - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MCA is a common location of intracranial stenosis. It is relatively more peripherally located and of a smaller caliber, and could therefore be a site technically more challenging and risky for angioplasty and stenting. The study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome, restenosis rate, and procedural safety ...
Lustig S - - 2011
No report has specifically addressed the question of the influence of gender on outcome following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). To clarify this issue, we studied two groups of 40 patients of each gender, matched by pre-operative clinical and radiological presentation, and with post-operative follow up of at least 2years. The ...
Lin L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> Animal studies have shown that regional anaesthesia and analgesia may prevent or attenuate the surgical stress response by preserving immune function and result in better long-term outcome. We have tested the hypothesis that patients with ovarian serous adenocarcinoma who had surgery with epidural anaesthesia and analgesia would have ...
Lyras Dimitris N - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a single application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in a ruptured tendon alters the expression of IGF-I in the early phase of healing in an animal wound model. We performed an Achilles tendon rupture model on 48 New Zealand white ...
Bisseling Pepijn - - 2011
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (RHA) is done in patients who often have a high preference for the method. This preference can influence the clinical outcome and satisfaction. We evaluated the potential influence of this preference bias. From an ongoing randomized trial comparing RHA with total hip arthroplasty, 28 consecutive patients (28 ...
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