Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2874
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Dohmen Pascal M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a serious potential complication after cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the impact of a cyanoacrylate microbial skin sealant (INTEGUSEAL) on the rate of SSI in cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Between January 2006 and July 2008, 580 patients underwent cardiac surgery by a single surgeon ...
Jeong Seong Jin - - 2011
Objectives:  To determine the association of vesico-urethral anastomosis location (VUAL) with early recovery of urinary continence (UC) after radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods:  A retrospective analysis of 678 patients who underwent RP was carried out. Patients were divided into three groups based on the VUAL as determined by postoperative cystography: group ...
Lam Dennis S C - - 2011
To evaluate the safety and adjunctive effect of acupuncture added to refractive correction for anisometropic amblyopia in younger children. Prospective, randomized, controlled, crossover trial. We included 83 children aged 3 to <7 years with untreated anisometropic amblyopia and baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/40 to 20/200 in the amblyopic ...
Hammady Ahmed A Department of Urology, Sohag University Hospital , Sohag, Egypt. - - 2011
To determine the necessity of ureteral stent placement after retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RLU) for upper ureteral stones more than 1 cm. Between May 2006 and May 2009, 104 RLUs were performed as primary management of large upper ureteral stones. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: In group 1 (52 ...
Heise Michael - - 2011
The long-term prognosis of arteriovenous (AV) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hemodialysis grafts is dissatisfying. Responsible for the poor outcome is a stenosis of the venous anastomosis. This originates from both pseudointimal (PI) and neointimal hyperplasia (IH) development. Although cuffed grafts have a better short-term prognosis than straight grafts, the late results of ...
Pompeo Eugenio - - 2011
Objective: In a prospective non-randomized study, we compared results and costs of non-resectional lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) performed through awake or non-awake anesthesia that was freely chosen by recruited patients. Method: Non-resectional LVRS was performed by epidural anesthesia in 41 patients (awake group) and by general anesthesia in 19 ...
Shao Qin-Shu - - 2011
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, and surgical resection is currently the only possible curative approach. Duodenal stump leakage is the most serious complication after radical gastrectomy, and optimal treatment is still lacking. We retrospectively reviewed 2034 cases of total or subtotal gastrectomy for ...
Awal A - - 2011
Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), an acute decline in renal function after the administration of intravenous contrast in the absence of other causes, is the third leading cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients. Antioxidant N-acetylcysteine prevents acute contrast nephrotoxicity in patients with impaired renal function who underwent coronary angiography ...
Edouard P - - 2011
Background Although rotator cuff contractions play an important role in stabilizing the glenohumeral joint, little is known about the role of these muscles in physiopathological recurrent anterior instability. Objective To analyze the association between isokinetic internal rotator (IR) and external rotator (ER) muscle strength and glenohumeral joint instability in patients ...
Cheng Marina - - 2011
Ureteroileal anastomotic stricture is a late complication of Bricker ileal conduits. We report our utilization of a 'shield shaped' rather than a standard slit ileotomy. We retrospectively reviewed a single surgeon's experience performing Bricker ileal conduits, initially using a slit incision, then a shield shaped ileotomy. Patient demographics, type of ...
Allak Amir - - 2011
Extubation (cessation of ventilatory support) is often delayed in free flap patients to protect the microvascular anastomosis, presumably by reducing emergence-related agitation. We sought to determine if immediate extubation in the operating room (OR) would improve the postoperative course compared to delayed extubation in the intensive care unit (ICU). Retrospective ...
Cole Brian J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There are currently several approaches being pursued to treat focal defects of articular cartilage, each having specific advantages or challenges. A single-stage procedure that uses autologous cartilage fragments, Cartilage Autograft Implantation System (CAIS), is being evaluated in patients and may offer a clinically effective option. PURPOSE: To establish the ...
Chen Shun-Jie - - 2011
Objective: To investigate whether the combination of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) with hemoperfusion (HP) could improve the clearance rate of middle and large molecule uremic toxins so as to improve the quality of life of MHD patients and reduce their mortality rate. Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical ...
Kalsi Jas - - 2011
• To compare the outcome of first-attempt intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ICSI--embryo transfer (ET) cycles using frozen-thawed testicular sperm (FTTS), fresh testicular sperm (FTS), frozen-thawed epididymal sperm (FTES) and fresh epididymal sperm (FES) so as to determine which of these has the most successful ICSI outcome with respect to fertilization ...
Lengenfelder Bjoern - - 2011
TOPSTAR was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial studying the effects of adding the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban to conventional treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). TOPSTAR demonstrated a lower periprocedural troponin release and a reduced 6-month mortality risk following PCI. The present study analyzed ...
Altinel M - - 2011
With the developments in laparoscopic surgery, open donor nephrectomy has been widely replaced by laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Presented herein is the comparison of laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (LLDN) and open live donor nephrectomy (OLDN) results performed at our institute. Patients who underwent OLDN between July 2006 and August 2008 or ...
Park J S - - 2011
Postbronchoscopy fever can develop in 5-16% of adult patients. The microbiological contribution to postbronchoscopy fever is unclear. To elucidate the effect of prophylactic antibiotics on the development of postbronchoscopy fever and pneumonia. Study patients were randomised to receive no treatment or oral amoxicillin/clavulanate 30 min before flexible bronchoscopy. The primary ...
Koh Kyoung Hwan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and the retear rates of arthroscopic single-row (SR) and double-row (DR) suture anchor repair in 2- to 4-cm rotator cuff tears. From 2005 to 2007, 71 patients with a 2- to 4-cm rotator cuff tear (proven by arthroscopy) were ...
Oh Joo Han - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Active range of motion deficit is one of the alleged negative influencing factors of rotator cuff repair. Recently, with the popularity of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), there is a tendency toward performing RTSA in cases of nonarthritic large-to-massive tears with pseudoparalysis. HYPOTHESIS: Rotator cuff repair in patients with ...
Lomivorotov Vladimir V - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to compare the efficiency of levosimendan and preventive intra-aortic balloon pump in high-risk cardiac patients (left ventricular ejection fraction <35%) operated under cardiopulmonary bypass. In 20 patients, intra-aortic balloon pump was started 16-18 h before surgery; another 20 had a levosimendan infusion starting after ...
Gaudioso V R - - 2011
1. The effects of predation isolation were studied in two lines of 10 month-old farmed red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa). Birds came from bred generations in captivity (F) and directly from wild parents (W). 2. Releases were carried out in March for two consecutive years on private farmland with a stable ...
Jakobsone Gundega - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the upper airway changes after simultaneous maxillary advancement/impaction and mandibular setback in skeletal Class III malocclusion. The subjects included 76 patients whose treatment included 1-piece LeFort I and bilateral sagittal split osteotomies. Lateral cephalograms were taken before surgery and 2 months and ...
Bickel Amitai - - 2011
To assess the influence of hyperoxygenation on surgical site infection by using the most homogeneous study population. A randomized, prospective, controlled trial. Department of surgery in a government hospital. A total of 210 patients who underwent open surgery for acute appendicitis. In the study group, patients received 80% oxygen during ...
Moschonis George - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine whether a holistic approach combining nutrition and lifestyle counselling with the consumption of milk and yoghurt enriched with calcium, vitamin D(3) and phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) or menaquinone (vitamin K(2)) would have any additional benefit on bone mineral density (BMD) indices measured ...
Gupta S S - - 2011
To compare the effectiveness of tube sigmoidostomy and sigmoidopexy as effective treatment options for patients with acute uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus. The records of 72 patients with acute uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus with obstruction who were treated by tube sigmoidostomy (Group I: n=32) and sigmoidopexy (Group II: n=40) were reviewed retrospectively. Follow-up ...
Polat-Özsoy Omür - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to compare the effects of incisor intrusion obtained with the aid of miniscrews and utility arches. Twenty-four patients (10 male, 14 female) with a deepbite of at least 4 mm were divided to 2 groups. In group 1, 13 patients (3 male, 10 ...
Watt Jaclyn R - - 2011
To determine whether a 10-week supervised hip flexor stretching program in frail elderly subjects would increase peak hip extension, stride length, and gait speed and reduce anterior pelvic tilt during comfortable and fast-paced walking. A double-blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Pre- and post-treatment assessments were performed in a gait laboratory and ...
Kakkos S K - - 2011
The aim of this paper was to perform a systemic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of combined modalities (intermittent pneumatic leg compression and pharmacological prophylaxis, treatment group) against single modalities alone (control group) in preventing pulmonary embolism (PE), including fatal PE and deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in high-risk patients. Databases ...
McEntire Mayes - - 2011
No study has compared 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine with 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine in a mandibular buccal infiltration of the first molar. The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, crossover study comparing the degree of pulpal anesthesia obtained with 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 4% articaine with ...
Kang Suk-Bong - - 2011
Low-dose aspirin for the prevention of cardiovascular disease is recommended to be discontinued at least 7 days before spinal surgery. To determine the effect of stopping low-dose aspirin at least 7 days before surgery on the level of the perioperative blood loss or complications related to hemorrhage. Retrospective case study. ...
Garg B - - 2011
PURPOSE. To compare the outcomes of microendoscopic discectomy (MED) versus open discectomy for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS. 80 men and 32 women aged 26 to 57 (mean, 37) years with a single-level disc herniation were randomised to undergo MED (n=55) or open (fenestration/laminotomy) discectomy (n=57). Patients were assessed pre- and ...
Bai Yu-Jing - - 2011
Ahmed glaucoma valves (AGV) has been used for decades, but there is no detailed report about the efficacy of AGV in Chinese glaucoma patients. This study aimed to compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering efficacy and side effects of S-2 polypropylene and PF-7 silicone AGV implantation in Chinese refractory glaucoma ...
Caubet Jean-François - - 2011
Between 1997 and 2009, 124 children with severe early-onset spinal deformity were treated with the vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib or growing rods. Before the implantation of the device, 12 underwent halo-gravity traction (HGT) and 13 had a spinal release (SR). This observational study is based on x-rays obtained before ...
Amin Albirmawy Osama - - 2011
To assess the anatomic and audiologic results of tympanoplasty types I, II, and III using a ring graft in conjunction with intact bridge mastoidectomy for management of chronic otitis media, mucosal type. Retrospective clinical study. Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tanta University Hospital, Egypt. The records of 97 patients ...
Edouard Pascal - - 2011
Although rotator-cuff muscle contraction plays an important role in stabilizing the glenohumeral joint, little is known about the role of these muscles in the pathophysiology of recurrent anterior instability. We intended to analyze the association between isokinetic internal rotator and external rotator muscle strength and glenohumeral joint instability in patients ...
Wenz J R - - 2011
Daily evaluation of rectal temperature (RT) during the first 10 d in milk (DIM) is used to facilitate the early identification of postpartum complications, particularly metritis in dairy cows. The factors associated with RT of postpartum dairy cows have not been clearly established and the RT threshold used to define ...
Imaura Masaharu - - 2011
Pharmacists are providing pharmaceutical care in general wards, but it is still not common in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, we have worked in ICU, and recommended the rational dosage regimen of the antibiotics to the physicians during the treatment period. Especially, the patients who were infected with methicillin-resistant ...
Xu Rui Jiang - - 2011
The regular Ponseti method for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot requires a series of manipulations and castings at weekly intervals. It is not known whether the correction could be achieved in a shorter period of time with multiple manipulations and castings per week. This study was designed to evaluate the ...
Kang Tae Wook - - 2011
This study was designed to assess the effect of artificial ascites on thermal protection of the diaphragm and the therapeutic efficacy of this technique during percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma abutting the diaphragm. A total of 44 patients with a single nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (< 4 cm; mean, 2.2 ...
Kroese Mariëlle E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-consequence analysis of the substitution of specialized rheumatology nurses (SRN) for rheumatologists (RMT) in the diagnostic process of fibromyalgia (FM), using both a healthcare and societal perspective and a 9-month period. METHODS: Alongside a randomized controlled trial, we measured costs and consequences of a nurse-led diagnostic ...
Davies Mark G - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of percutaneous therapy for symptomatic >50% angiographic restenosis after iliac intervention versus outcomes of the primary procedure. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 937 patients (733 men; mean age 65 years) who underwent 1532 endovascular interventions for symptomatic atherosclerotic iliac artery obstruction and were ...
Chotel Franck - - 2011
Nonoperative treatment avoids the complications after extensive surgery for idiopathic clubfeet. The purpose of this study was to compare retrospectively French physiotherapy and Ponseti method used to treat idiopathic clubfoot in 2 institutions. Two hundred nineteen idiopathic clubfeet (146 patients) managed during a 3-year period (2000 to 2003) were included ...
Arbel Joel - - 2011
Aims: To test the efficacy and safety of a chitosan pad for femoral haemostasis as an adjunct to manual compression. Haemostasis of the femoral artery after coronary angiography by manual compression is time consuming and uncomfortable for the patient. Closure devices are costly and do not reduce vascular complication rate. ...
Wang Lei-Guang - - 2011
The aim of this study was to observe the contraceptive effectiveness and reversibility of the oviduct plug with nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) shape memory alloy and silicone rubber in rabbits. The oviduct plugs with Ni-Ti shape memory alloy and silicone rubber were made as contraceptive devices. The frame of the oviduct plug ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2011
: Despite preoperative localization or intraoperative parathyroid hormone, monitoring increased the operative successful rate, recurrent, and persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism are still unavoidable after parathyroidectomy or reoperation. We present our experience of using percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT) in treating these patients. : To conduct a prospective study of 49 patients ...
Panagopoulou V - - 2011
Transient cognitive dysfunction after general anesthesia is a frequent finding among elderly patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of physostigmine may enhance recovery from general anesthesia in elderly patients. Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-III patients aged >65 years old who ...
Tyagi Asha - - 2011
Sepsis is considered a relative contraindication for epidural blockade. Recent evidence indicates that thoracic epidural blockade may be of benefit during sepsis by improving gut perfusion. This study was planned to evaluate whether combining thoracic epidural blockade with general anaesthesia could decrease the post-operative mortality and morbidity in patients with ...
Messerer Mahmoud - - 2011
Object Because of their size and lateral extension, total removal of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) remains a challenge and postoperative tumor remnants are frequent. Endoscopy has improved the surgeon's view; however, its superiority in terms of surgical outcome remains undetermined. The authors' aim in this study was to compare the ...
Swan M C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Excessive postoperative drainage following groin and axillary lymphadenectomy may be associated with a prolonged hospital stay and an increased complication rate. The use of fibrin sealant before wound closure may reduce postoperative wound drainage. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective groin or axillary lymphadenectomy were randomized to standard wound closure ...
Yao Yong - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of combined diclofenac sodium and nuclear rotation on the prevention of posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Wuxi People's Hospital, Jiangsu, China. Comparative case series. In a preclinical trial, porcine eyes were randomized to have hydrodissection with diclofenac sodium (Group A), diclofenac sodium and nuclear rotation (Group B), ...
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