Search Results
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Kim Victor V Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2011
Chronic bronchitis (CB) in patients with COPD is associated with an accelerated lung function decline and an increased risk of respiratory infections. Despite its clinical significance, the chronic bronchitic phenotype in COPD remains poorly defined. We analyzed data from subjects enrolled in the Genetic Epidemiology of COPD (COPDGene) Study. A ...
Chiu Fang-Yao - - 2011
Elastic (Esmarch) bandage exsanguination is widely used in lower limb surgery to provide a bloodless operating field. Nevertheless, it is still not known exactly how exsanguination through Esmarch bandage usage contributes to venous pressure physiology following TKA. We wished to determine whether exsanguination with Esmarch bandage affects the venous hemodynamics ...
Sanabria María R - - 2011
Purpose. To identify the indications and differences in outcomes for adding a scleral buckle (SB) to pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in a prospective series of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) by using propensity score matching (PSM) to analyze causal effects in observational studies.?Methods. Data were collected from the Retina 1 Project, ...
Koltka Kemalettin - - 2011
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic knee surgery is done in outpatient settings; however, postoperative pain is a major barrier for discharge and limits early rehabilitation. The efficacy of intraarticular application of magnesium sulphate, levobupivacaine and lornoxicam, with placebo on postoperative pain after arthroscopic meniscectomy was evaluated. METHODS: One hundred and twenty ASA status ...
Nocca David - - 2011
Gastric bypass (GBP) has proved its efficacy 30 years ago in the management of diabetes mellitus (T2DM) for severe obese patients. More recently, interesting results have been published after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in the same indication. Between 2005 and 2008, three bariatric centers have prospectively collected the data of T2DM patients ...
Moore Stephanie D - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To compare a muscle energy technique (MET) for the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) horizontal abductors and a MET for the GHJ external rotators to improve GHJ range of motion (ROM) in baseball players. BACKGROUND: Overhead athletes often exhibit lost GHJ ROM in internal rotation which ...
Schmidt Carolin - - 2011
Posterior pedicle screw fixation is now the standard treatment for surgical correction of idiopathic scoliosis and has largely replaced anterior techniques, but there have been reports describing a lordogenic effect of segmental pedicle screw instrumentation in the thoracic spine. This clinical study compared anterior dual rod instrumentation with posterior pedicle ...
Tochigi Yuki - - 2011
Joint instability has long been empirically recognized as a leading risk factor for osteoarthritis. However, formal mechanistic linkage of instability to osteoarthritis development has not been established. This study aimed to support a clinically accepted, but heretofore scientifically unproven, concept that the severity and rapidity of osteoarthritis development in unstable ...
Dattaray Piali - - 2011
Objectives. The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone versus topical ciprofloxacin/hydrocortisone on the outcome of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced otitis media with effusion in chinchillas. Study Design. A randomized experimental animal study. Setting. Jerry L. Pettis Veteran's Medical Center. Subjects and Methods. Otitis media with effusion ...
Kocum Aysu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical success rate, safety, and usefulness for intraoperative central venous pressure monitoring, and the intravenous access port of the supraclavicular subclavian vein approach when compared with the infraclavicular subclavian vein approach and the internal jugular vein approach for central venous catheterization during open-chest cardiac surgery. DESIGN: ...
Cavicchi Ottavio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess a prospective, randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing neurostimulation with laryngeal palpation (NSLP) of recurrent laringeal nerve (RLN) alone with NSLP associated with laryngeal neuromonitoring (LNM) to evaluate the ability of LNM in reducing the rates of RLN palsy. METHODS: In all, ...
Bharti Neerja - - 2011
Background: The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been established for patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We evaluated the efficacy of a novel approach to TAP block for postoperative analgesia after colorectal surgery. Methods: Forty adult ASA physical status I to III patients undergoing colorectal surgery were recruited ...
Wong David T - - 2011
This study compared the Boussignac™ continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask with the venturi face mask in terms of the postoperative PaO2/F(I)O2 (PF) ratio in morbidly obese patients after bariatric surgery. Following hospital Research Ethics Board approval and written informed consent, morbidly obese (body mass index > 35 kg·m(-2)) patients ...
Bech Rune D - - 2011
Pain control may assist early mobilisation after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures. Systemic opioids have significant side effects in elderly patients. We present an evaluation of the effect of local anaesthetic infiltration in such cases , the objective being to decrease the need for postoperative opioids and to improve ...
Socié Gérard - - 2011
Previous randomized GvHD-prophylaxis trials have failed to demonstrate reduced incidence and severity of chronic GvHD (cGvHD). Here we re-analyzed and updated a randomized phase III trial comparing standard GvHD prophylaxis with or without pre-transplant ATG-Fresenius (ATG-F) in 201 adult patients receiving myeloablative conditioning prior to transplantation from unrelated donors. The ...
Desai Aravind S - - 2011
We aimed to assess the radiological and functional outcome of total hip arthroplasty performed using a simple technique for intra-operative leg length assessment. The comparative group was made up of patients receiving total hip arthroplasty prior to introduction of the technique. Fifty patients were studied in each group. The pre- ...
López-Cedrún José L - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the occurrence of postoperative complications in patients receiving either pre- or postoperative amoxicillin versus placebo after third molar surgery. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed in 123 patients undergoing third molar surgery. The patients were randomized to ...
Giudice E - - 2011
The present report describes the haematological and serological findings observed in a dairy sheep farm during an aborting outbreak. Fifty ewes divided into two groups were included in the study: group A consisted of 35 healthy ewes and group B consisted of 15 ill subjects. From each ewe, blood samples ...
Ilfeld Brian M - - 2011
Hip arthroplasty frequently requires potent postoperative analgesia, often provided with an epidural or posterior lumbar plexus local anesthetic infusion. However, American Society of Regional Anesthesia guidelines now recommend against epidural and continuous posterior lumbar plexus blocks during administration of various perioperative anticoagulants often administered after hip arthroplasty. A continuous femoral ...
Rai Anshul - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to see the efficacy of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) screws with arch bars and to compare the plaque index in between 2 methods of MMF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized clinical trial. The study sample was derived from the population of ...
Cakirer Banu - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate upper airway changes related to craniofacial changes induced by a facemask (FM) combined with Le Fort I osteotomy without down-fracture in Class III maxillary retrusion subjects (group 1) when compared with a similar group of subjects treated with traditional rapid palatal ...
Feldman Ted - - 2011
Mitral-valve repair can be accomplished with an investigational procedure that involves the percutaneous implantation of a clip that grasps and approximates the edges of the mitral leaflets at the origin of the regurgitant jet. We randomly assigned 279 patients with moderately severe or severe (grade 3+ or 4+) mitral regurgitation ...
Niraj G - - 2011
Subcostal transversus abdominis plane (TAP) catheters have been reported to be an effective method of providing analgesia after upper abdominal surgery. We compared their analgesic efficacy with that of epidural analgesia after major upper abdominal surgery in a randomised controlled trial. Adult patients undergoing elective open hepatobiliary or renal surgery ...
Vassalos A - - 2011
In a randomised trial, we compared the effects of oral sildenafil (0.5 mg.kg(-1) ) and placebo, administered the day before cardiac surgery, in 24 children. In sildenafil vs placebo patients, pre-cardiopulmonary bypass median (IQR [range]) cyclic-guanosine-monophosphate was not significantly different (29.9 (2.1-208.1 [0.5-391.5]) vs 5.2 (0.3-54.6 [0-628.9]) pmol.ml(-1) , respectively). Post-cardiopulmonary bypass, ...
Dohmen Pascal M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a serious potential complication after cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the impact of a cyanoacrylate microbial skin sealant (INTEGUSEAL) on the rate of SSI in cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Between January 2006 and July 2008, 580 patients underwent cardiac surgery by a single surgeon ...
Jeong Seong Jin - - 2011
Objectives:  To determine the association of vesico-urethral anastomosis location (VUAL) with early recovery of urinary continence (UC) after radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods:  A retrospective analysis of 678 patients who underwent RP was carried out. Patients were divided into three groups based on the VUAL as determined by postoperative cystography: group ...
Lam Dennis S C - - 2011
To evaluate the safety and adjunctive effect of acupuncture added to refractive correction for anisometropic amblyopia in younger children. Prospective, randomized, controlled, crossover trial. We included 83 children aged 3 to <7 years with untreated anisometropic amblyopia and baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/40 to 20/200 in the amblyopic ...
Hammady Ahmed A Department of Urology, Sohag University Hospital , Sohag, Egypt. - - 2011
To determine the necessity of ureteral stent placement after retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RLU) for upper ureteral stones more than 1 cm. Between May 2006 and May 2009, 104 RLUs were performed as primary management of large upper ureteral stones. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: In group 1 (52 ...
Heise Michael - - 2011
The long-term prognosis of arteriovenous (AV) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hemodialysis grafts is dissatisfying. Responsible for the poor outcome is a stenosis of the venous anastomosis. This originates from both pseudointimal (PI) and neointimal hyperplasia (IH) development. Although cuffed grafts have a better short-term prognosis than straight grafts, the late results of ...
Pompeo Eugenio - - 2011
Objective: In a prospective non-randomized study, we compared results and costs of non-resectional lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) performed through awake or non-awake anesthesia that was freely chosen by recruited patients. Method: Non-resectional LVRS was performed by epidural anesthesia in 41 patients (awake group) and by general anesthesia in 19 ...
Shao Qin-Shu - - 2011
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, and surgical resection is currently the only possible curative approach. Duodenal stump leakage is the most serious complication after radical gastrectomy, and optimal treatment is still lacking. We retrospectively reviewed 2034 cases of total or subtotal gastrectomy for ...
Awal A - - 2011
Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), an acute decline in renal function after the administration of intravenous contrast in the absence of other causes, is the third leading cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients. Antioxidant N-acetylcysteine prevents acute contrast nephrotoxicity in patients with impaired renal function who underwent coronary angiography ...
Edouard P - - 2011
Background Although rotator cuff contractions play an important role in stabilizing the glenohumeral joint, little is known about the role of these muscles in physiopathological recurrent anterior instability. Objective To analyze the association between isokinetic internal rotator (IR) and external rotator (ER) muscle strength and glenohumeral joint instability in patients ...
Cheng Marina - - 2011
Ureteroileal anastomotic stricture is a late complication of Bricker ileal conduits. We report our utilization of a 'shield shaped' rather than a standard slit ileotomy. We retrospectively reviewed a single surgeon's experience performing Bricker ileal conduits, initially using a slit incision, then a shield shaped ileotomy. Patient demographics, type of ...
Allak Amir - - 2011
Extubation (cessation of ventilatory support) is often delayed in free flap patients to protect the microvascular anastomosis, presumably by reducing emergence-related agitation. We sought to determine if immediate extubation in the operating room (OR) would improve the postoperative course compared to delayed extubation in the intensive care unit (ICU). Retrospective ...
Cole Brian J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There are currently several approaches being pursued to treat focal defects of articular cartilage, each having specific advantages or challenges. A single-stage procedure that uses autologous cartilage fragments, Cartilage Autograft Implantation System (CAIS), is being evaluated in patients and may offer a clinically effective option. PURPOSE: To establish the ...
Chen Shun-Jie - - 2011
Objective: To investigate whether the combination of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) with hemoperfusion (HP) could improve the clearance rate of middle and large molecule uremic toxins so as to improve the quality of life of MHD patients and reduce their mortality rate. Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical ...
Kalsi Jas - - 2011
• To compare the outcome of first-attempt intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ICSI--embryo transfer (ET) cycles using frozen-thawed testicular sperm (FTTS), fresh testicular sperm (FTS), frozen-thawed epididymal sperm (FTES) and fresh epididymal sperm (FES) so as to determine which of these has the most successful ICSI outcome with respect to fertilization ...
Lengenfelder Bjoern - - 2011
TOPSTAR was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial studying the effects of adding the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor tirofiban to conventional treatment with aspirin and clopidogrel in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). TOPSTAR demonstrated a lower periprocedural troponin release and a reduced 6-month mortality risk following PCI. The present study analyzed ...
Altinel M - - 2011
With the developments in laparoscopic surgery, open donor nephrectomy has been widely replaced by laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Presented herein is the comparison of laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy (LLDN) and open live donor nephrectomy (OLDN) results performed at our institute. Patients who underwent OLDN between July 2006 and August 2008 or ...
Park J S - - 2011
Postbronchoscopy fever can develop in 5-16% of adult patients. The microbiological contribution to postbronchoscopy fever is unclear. To elucidate the effect of prophylactic antibiotics on the development of postbronchoscopy fever and pneumonia. Study patients were randomised to receive no treatment or oral amoxicillin/clavulanate 30 min before flexible bronchoscopy. The primary ...
Koh Kyoung Hwan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and the retear rates of arthroscopic single-row (SR) and double-row (DR) suture anchor repair in 2- to 4-cm rotator cuff tears. From 2005 to 2007, 71 patients with a 2- to 4-cm rotator cuff tear (proven by arthroscopy) were ...
Oh Joo Han - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Active range of motion deficit is one of the alleged negative influencing factors of rotator cuff repair. Recently, with the popularity of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), there is a tendency toward performing RTSA in cases of nonarthritic large-to-massive tears with pseudoparalysis. HYPOTHESIS: Rotator cuff repair in patients with ...
Lomivorotov Vladimir V - - 2011
The purpose of our study was to compare the efficiency of levosimendan and preventive intra-aortic balloon pump in high-risk cardiac patients (left ventricular ejection fraction <35%) operated under cardiopulmonary bypass. In 20 patients, intra-aortic balloon pump was started 16-18 h before surgery; another 20 had a levosimendan infusion starting after ...
Gaudioso V R - - 2011
1. The effects of predation isolation were studied in two lines of 10 month-old farmed red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa). Birds came from bred generations in captivity (F) and directly from wild parents (W). 2. Releases were carried out in March for two consecutive years on private farmland with a stable ...
Jakobsone Gundega - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the upper airway changes after simultaneous maxillary advancement/impaction and mandibular setback in skeletal Class III malocclusion. The subjects included 76 patients whose treatment included 1-piece LeFort I and bilateral sagittal split osteotomies. Lateral cephalograms were taken before surgery and 2 months and ...
Bickel Amitai - - 2011
To assess the influence of hyperoxygenation on surgical site infection by using the most homogeneous study population. A randomized, prospective, controlled trial. Department of surgery in a government hospital. A total of 210 patients who underwent open surgery for acute appendicitis. In the study group, patients received 80% oxygen during ...
Moschonis George - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to examine whether a holistic approach combining nutrition and lifestyle counselling with the consumption of milk and yoghurt enriched with calcium, vitamin D(3) and phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) or menaquinone (vitamin K(2)) would have any additional benefit on bone mineral density (BMD) indices measured ...
Gupta S S - - 2011
To compare the effectiveness of tube sigmoidostomy and sigmoidopexy as effective treatment options for patients with acute uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus. The records of 72 patients with acute uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus with obstruction who were treated by tube sigmoidostomy (Group I: n=32) and sigmoidopexy (Group II: n=40) were reviewed retrospectively. Follow-up ...
Polat-Özsoy Omür - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to compare the effects of incisor intrusion obtained with the aid of miniscrews and utility arches. Twenty-four patients (10 male, 14 female) with a deepbite of at least 4 mm were divided to 2 groups. In group 1, 13 patients (3 male, 10 ...
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