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Results 301 - 350 of 2859
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Baygin Ozgul - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different techniques of surface treatment on the microleakage of a fissure sealant in molar teeth. A total of 50 freshly extracted noncarious human third molars were randomly assigned to one of five groups. Occlusal fissures were treated with one ...
Felzani Giorgio - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Chronically hospitalized patients are often burdened with skin ulcerations, which may be persistent and even irreversible. Treatment with hyaluronic acid is widely used in the early phases of the ulcers to relieve symptoms and accelerate the healing process. The present study hypothesized that lysine hyaluronate (Lys-HA) (Lysial®, Fatai-Nyl Srl; ...
Pagonis Thomas - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: There is an increase in the number of anabolic-steroid (AS)-abusing trainees, who suffer from sports injuries, needing reconstruction surgery. Rupture of the distal biceps brachii tendon is a common injury in this group. PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of AS abuse in the anatomic reconstruction of ...
Wahab Rohaya Megat Abdul - - 2012
This prospective study investigated the difference in clinical efficiency between Damon™ 3 self-ligating brackets (SLB) compared with Mini Diamond conventional ligating brackets (CLBs) during tooth alignment in straightwire fixed appliance therapy. Twenty-nine patients (10 males and 19 females), aged between 14 and 30 years, were randomly divided into two groups: ...
Turtiainen Johanna - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Surgical wound infection (SWI) is a common complication after peripheral vascular surgery. Infections increase morbidity and costs of treatment. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that supplemental postoperative oxygen decreases the incidence of SWI after lower limb revascularization. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, multicenter, single-blinded ...
Holme Oyvind - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Knowing the position of the endoscope within the abdomen is important for performing a high-quality, painless colonoscopy. The recently introduced magnetic endoscopic imaging (MEI) system provides a continuous, real-time image of the endoscope during the entire procedure. OBJECTIVE: To compare MEI versus standard colonoscopy with on-demand fluoroscopy on unsedated ...
Gitelman Yevgeniy - - 2011
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design: Retrospective review.Objective: To assess long-term pulmonary function following surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Summary of Background Data: Pulmonary function is known to decline with increasing age. Although there are published reports on 2- and 5-year pulmonary function test (PFT) outcomes following various surgical approaches for ...
Hernandez Teri L - - 2011
No randomized studies in humans have examined whether fat returns after removal or where it returns. We undertook a prospective, randomized-controlled trial of suction lipectomy in nonobese women to determine if adipose tissue (AT) is defended and if so, the anatomic pattern of redistribution. Healthy women with disproportionate AT depots ...
Kwak Jae Gun - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: We changed our surgical strategy for pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect from shunt operation to early total correction as an initial procedure since 2004. The objective of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of shunt and early total correction. METHODS.: From 1997 to 2008, 47 patients ...
Díez Manuel - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between the intra-operative concentration of parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) and the long-term outcome of patients intervened due to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed with 120 patients. Three determinations were made of PTH in blood: baseline, when the diseases gland was located, ...
Frullini A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Visual and neurological disturbances have always been reported following liquid sclerotherapy (LS) for venous insufficiency. In 1993 Cabrera introduced foam sclerotherapy (FS) using a detergent sclerosant as Lauromacrogol 400 or sodium tetradecyl sulphate. Several authors have reported with FS an increased incidence of such transient visual disturbances and neurological ...
Kim Victor V Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2011
Chronic bronchitis (CB) in patients with COPD is associated with an accelerated lung function decline and an increased risk of respiratory infections. Despite its clinical significance, the chronic bronchitic phenotype in COPD remains poorly defined. We analyzed data from subjects enrolled in the Genetic Epidemiology of COPD (COPDGene) Study. A ...
Chiu Fang-Yao - - 2011
Elastic (Esmarch) bandage exsanguination is widely used in lower limb surgery to provide a bloodless operating field. Nevertheless, it is still not known exactly how exsanguination through Esmarch bandage usage contributes to venous pressure physiology following TKA. We wished to determine whether exsanguination with Esmarch bandage affects the venous hemodynamics ...
Sanabria María R - - 2011
Purpose. To identify the indications and differences in outcomes for adding a scleral buckle (SB) to pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in a prospective series of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) by using propensity score matching (PSM) to analyze causal effects in observational studies.?Methods. Data were collected from the Retina 1 Project, ...
Koltka Kemalettin - - 2011
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic knee surgery is done in outpatient settings; however, postoperative pain is a major barrier for discharge and limits early rehabilitation. The efficacy of intraarticular application of magnesium sulphate, levobupivacaine and lornoxicam, with placebo on postoperative pain after arthroscopic meniscectomy was evaluated. METHODS: One hundred and twenty ASA status ...
Nocca David - - 2011
Gastric bypass (GBP) has proved its efficacy 30 years ago in the management of diabetes mellitus (T2DM) for severe obese patients. More recently, interesting results have been published after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in the same indication. Between 2005 and 2008, three bariatric centers have prospectively collected the data of T2DM patients ...
Moore Stephanie D - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To compare a muscle energy technique (MET) for the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) horizontal abductors and a MET for the GHJ external rotators to improve GHJ range of motion (ROM) in baseball players. BACKGROUND: Overhead athletes often exhibit lost GHJ ROM in internal rotation which ...
Schmidt Carolin - - 2011
Posterior pedicle screw fixation is now the standard treatment for surgical correction of idiopathic scoliosis and has largely replaced anterior techniques, but there have been reports describing a lordogenic effect of segmental pedicle screw instrumentation in the thoracic spine. This clinical study compared anterior dual rod instrumentation with posterior pedicle ...
Tochigi Yuki - - 2011
Joint instability has long been empirically recognized as a leading risk factor for osteoarthritis. However, formal mechanistic linkage of instability to osteoarthritis development has not been established. This study aimed to support a clinically accepted, but heretofore scientifically unproven, concept that the severity and rapidity of osteoarthritis development in unstable ...
Dattaray Piali - - 2011
Objectives. The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone versus topical ciprofloxacin/hydrocortisone on the outcome of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced otitis media with effusion in chinchillas. Study Design. A randomized experimental animal study. Setting. Jerry L. Pettis Veteran's Medical Center. Subjects and Methods. Otitis media with effusion ...
Kocum Aysu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical success rate, safety, and usefulness for intraoperative central venous pressure monitoring, and the intravenous access port of the supraclavicular subclavian vein approach when compared with the infraclavicular subclavian vein approach and the internal jugular vein approach for central venous catheterization during open-chest cardiac surgery. DESIGN: ...
Cavicchi Ottavio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess a prospective, randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing neurostimulation with laryngeal palpation (NSLP) of recurrent laringeal nerve (RLN) alone with NSLP associated with laryngeal neuromonitoring (LNM) to evaluate the ability of LNM in reducing the rates of RLN palsy. METHODS: In all, ...
Bharti Neerja - - 2011
Background: The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been established for patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We evaluated the efficacy of a novel approach to TAP block for postoperative analgesia after colorectal surgery. Methods: Forty adult ASA physical status I to III patients undergoing colorectal surgery were recruited ...
Wong David T - - 2011
This study compared the Boussignac™ continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask with the venturi face mask in terms of the postoperative PaO2/F(I)O2 (PF) ratio in morbidly obese patients after bariatric surgery. Following hospital Research Ethics Board approval and written informed consent, morbidly obese (body mass index > 35 kg·m(-2)) patients ...
Bech Rune D - - 2011
Pain control may assist early mobilisation after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures. Systemic opioids have significant side effects in elderly patients. We present an evaluation of the effect of local anaesthetic infiltration in such cases , the objective being to decrease the need for postoperative opioids and to improve ...
Socié Gérard - - 2011
Previous randomized GvHD-prophylaxis trials have failed to demonstrate reduced incidence and severity of chronic GvHD (cGvHD). Here we re-analyzed and updated a randomized phase III trial comparing standard GvHD prophylaxis with or without pre-transplant ATG-Fresenius (ATG-F) in 201 adult patients receiving myeloablative conditioning prior to transplantation from unrelated donors. The ...
Desai Aravind S - - 2011
We aimed to assess the radiological and functional outcome of total hip arthroplasty performed using a simple technique for intra-operative leg length assessment. The comparative group was made up of patients receiving total hip arthroplasty prior to introduction of the technique. Fifty patients were studied in each group. The pre- ...
López-Cedrún José L - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the occurrence of postoperative complications in patients receiving either pre- or postoperative amoxicillin versus placebo after third molar surgery. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed in 123 patients undergoing third molar surgery. The patients were randomized to ...
Giudice E - - 2011
The present report describes the haematological and serological findings observed in a dairy sheep farm during an aborting outbreak. Fifty ewes divided into two groups were included in the study: group A consisted of 35 healthy ewes and group B consisted of 15 ill subjects. From each ewe, blood samples ...
Ilfeld Brian M - - 2011
Hip arthroplasty frequently requires potent postoperative analgesia, often provided with an epidural or posterior lumbar plexus local anesthetic infusion. However, American Society of Regional Anesthesia guidelines now recommend against epidural and continuous posterior lumbar plexus blocks during administration of various perioperative anticoagulants often administered after hip arthroplasty. A continuous femoral ...
Rai Anshul - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to see the efficacy of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) screws with arch bars and to compare the plaque index in between 2 methods of MMF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized clinical trial. The study sample was derived from the population of ...
Cakirer Banu - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate upper airway changes related to craniofacial changes induced by a facemask (FM) combined with Le Fort I osteotomy without down-fracture in Class III maxillary retrusion subjects (group 1) when compared with a similar group of subjects treated with traditional rapid palatal ...
Feldman Ted - - 2011
Mitral-valve repair can be accomplished with an investigational procedure that involves the percutaneous implantation of a clip that grasps and approximates the edges of the mitral leaflets at the origin of the regurgitant jet. We randomly assigned 279 patients with moderately severe or severe (grade 3+ or 4+) mitral regurgitation ...
Niraj G - - 2011
Subcostal transversus abdominis plane (TAP) catheters have been reported to be an effective method of providing analgesia after upper abdominal surgery. We compared their analgesic efficacy with that of epidural analgesia after major upper abdominal surgery in a randomised controlled trial. Adult patients undergoing elective open hepatobiliary or renal surgery ...
Vassalos A - - 2011
In a randomised trial, we compared the effects of oral sildenafil (0.5 mg.kg(-1) ) and placebo, administered the day before cardiac surgery, in 24 children. In sildenafil vs placebo patients, pre-cardiopulmonary bypass median (IQR [range]) cyclic-guanosine-monophosphate was not significantly different (29.9 (2.1-208.1 [0.5-391.5]) vs 5.2 (0.3-54.6 [0-628.9]) pmol.ml(-1) , respectively). Post-cardiopulmonary bypass, ...
Dohmen Pascal M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a serious potential complication after cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the impact of a cyanoacrylate microbial skin sealant (INTEGUSEAL) on the rate of SSI in cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Between January 2006 and July 2008, 580 patients underwent cardiac surgery by a single surgeon ...
Hammady Ahmed - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To determine the necessity of ureteral stent placement after retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RLU) for upper ureteral stones more than 1 cm. Patients and Methods: Between May 2006 and May 2009, 104 RLUs were performed as primary management of large upper ureteral stones. The patients were randomly divided into two ...
Jeong Seong Jin - - 2011
Objectives:  To determine the association of vesico-urethral anastomosis location (VUAL) with early recovery of urinary continence (UC) after radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods:  A retrospective analysis of 678 patients who underwent RP was carried out. Patients were divided into three groups based on the VUAL as determined by postoperative cystography: group ...
Lam Dennis S C - - 2011
To evaluate the safety and adjunctive effect of acupuncture added to refractive correction for anisometropic amblyopia in younger children. Prospective, randomized, controlled, crossover trial. We included 83 children aged 3 to <7 years with untreated anisometropic amblyopia and baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/40 to 20/200 in the amblyopic ...
Heise Michael - - 2011
The long-term prognosis of arteriovenous (AV) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) hemodialysis grafts is dissatisfying. Responsible for the poor outcome is a stenosis of the venous anastomosis. This originates from both pseudointimal (PI) and neointimal hyperplasia (IH) development. Although cuffed grafts have a better short-term prognosis than straight grafts, the late results of ...
Pompeo Eugenio - - 2011
Objective: In a prospective non-randomized study, we compared results and costs of non-resectional lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) performed through awake or non-awake anesthesia that was freely chosen by recruited patients. Method: Non-resectional LVRS was performed by epidural anesthesia in 41 patients (awake group) and by general anesthesia in 19 ...
Shao Qin-Shu - - 2011
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, and surgical resection is currently the only possible curative approach. Duodenal stump leakage is the most serious complication after radical gastrectomy, and optimal treatment is still lacking. We retrospectively reviewed 2034 cases of total or subtotal gastrectomy for ...
LeWitt Peter A - - 2011
Gene transfer of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and other methods that modulate production of GABA in the subthalamic nucleus improve basal ganglia function in parkinsonism in animal models. We aimed to assess the effect of bilateral delivery of AAV2-GAD in the subthalamic nucleus compared with sham surgery in patients with ...
Awal A - - 2011
Contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), an acute decline in renal function after the administration of intravenous contrast in the absence of other causes, is the third leading cause of acute renal failure in hospitalized patients. Antioxidant N-acetylcysteine prevents acute contrast nephrotoxicity in patients with impaired renal function who underwent coronary angiography ...
Edouard P - - 2011
Background Although rotator cuff contractions play an important role in stabilizing the glenohumeral joint, little is known about the role of these muscles in physiopathological recurrent anterior instability. Objective To analyze the association between isokinetic internal rotator (IR) and external rotator (ER) muscle strength and glenohumeral joint instability in patients ...
Cheng Marina - - 2011
Ureteroileal anastomotic stricture is a late complication of Bricker ileal conduits. We report our utilization of a 'shield shaped' rather than a standard slit ileotomy. We retrospectively reviewed a single surgeon's experience performing Bricker ileal conduits, initially using a slit incision, then a shield shaped ileotomy. Patient demographics, type of ...
Allak Amir - - 2011
Extubation (cessation of ventilatory support) is often delayed in free flap patients to protect the microvascular anastomosis, presumably by reducing emergence-related agitation. We sought to determine if immediate extubation in the operating room (OR) would improve the postoperative course compared to delayed extubation in the intensive care unit (ICU). Retrospective ...
Cole Brian J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There are currently several approaches being pursued to treat focal defects of articular cartilage, each having specific advantages or challenges. A single-stage procedure that uses autologous cartilage fragments, Cartilage Autograft Implantation System (CAIS), is being evaluated in patients and may offer a clinically effective option. PURPOSE: To establish the ...
Chen Shun-Jie - - 2011
Objective: To investigate whether the combination of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) with hemoperfusion (HP) could improve the clearance rate of middle and large molecule uremic toxins so as to improve the quality of life of MHD patients and reduce their mortality rate. Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical ...
Kalsi Jas - - 2011
• To compare the outcome of first-attempt intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ICSI--embryo transfer (ET) cycles using frozen-thawed testicular sperm (FTTS), fresh testicular sperm (FTS), frozen-thawed epididymal sperm (FTES) and fresh epididymal sperm (FES) so as to determine which of these has the most successful ICSI outcome with respect to fertilization ...
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