Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2871
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Fikkers Bernard G - - 2011
Percutaneous tracheostomy is frequently performed in long-term ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Unfortunately, despite many years of experience, the optimal technique is still unknown, especially considering the occurrence of late complications. The purpose of this study was to determine which of the two most frequently used percutaneous ...
Tan Yar-Li - - 2011
To investigate the incidence of postoperative complications arising in the first year after trabeculectomy and combined phacotrabeculectomy in eyes with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) vs those with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). This was a retrospective study of all glaucoma operations done at a Singapore hospital from January 9, 2001, to ...
Korets Ruslan - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: The use of bipolar electrocautery has proven advantages over monopolar energy during transurethral surgery by limiting hyponatremia and its clinical sequelae. Percutaneous ablation of caliceal diverticula and parapelvic renal cysts has been shown to be an effective surgical approach for the management of these conditions when ...
Martinez-Lopez Joaquin - - 2011
For establishing the true impact of different response categories in multiple myeloma patients treated with autologous stem cell transplantation we evaluated, after a median follow-up of 153 months, 344 MM patients transplanted between 1989 and 1998. OS at 12 years were 35% in Complete Response (CR) patients, 22% in Near ...
Yalcin Nadir - - 2011
Abstract. Large bearing metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) may offer advantages relating to stability and range of motion in patients with Crowe Type I and II developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of the clinical and radiological results of ...
Rinker Brian - - 2011
PURPOSE: The optimal management of a nerve gap within the fingers remains an unanswered question in hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the sensory recovery, cost, and complication profile of digital nerve repair using autogenous vein and polyglycolic acid conduits. METHODS: We enrolled patients undergoing repair ...
Brown L C LC Vascular Surgery Research Group, Imperial College, London, - - 2011
The aim was to compare rates of myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death in patients with a large abdominal aortic aneurysm who had endovascular (EVAR) or open repair to determine whether cardiovascular mortality explains the convergence in survival curves after these procedures. Between 1999 and 2004, 1252 patients were randomized ...
Pons Beltrán Vicente - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: To obtain an adequate view of the whole small intestine during capsule endoscopy (CE) a clear liquid diet and overnight fasting is recommended. However, intestinal content can hamper vision in spite of these measures. Our aim was to evaluate tolerance and degree of intestinal cleanliness during ...
Iwahashi Makoto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to determine the optimal period for the prophylactic administration of the neutrophil elastase inhibitor, Sivelestat, in patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy. Sivelestat is reported to be effective in patients who undergo esophagectomy by providing an increased oxygenation ability and suppressing the serum inflammatory cytokines in ...
De Santiago-Miramontes María Angeles - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine whether flushing or the stimulus of estrogenized goats is necessary to achieve a high reproductive response in anestrous goats on rangeland. Does were feed-supplemented on rangeland (flushed, n = 20). Other group was exposed to estrogenized does during the mating period (stimulated, n = 20). A third group ...
Binbay Murat - - 2011
PURPOSE: We prospectively analyzed and compared the effectiveness and complications of pneumatic lithotripter with a holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser for the ureterorenoscopic management of impacted ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to January 2008, we performed retrograde endoscopic treatment in 288 patients with ureteral stones in our clinic. The ...
Gullà Nino - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the feasibility and the eventual advantages of ghost ileostomy (GI) versus covering stoma (CS) in terms of complications, hospital stay and quality of life of patients and their caregivers after anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: In this prospective ...
Baygin Ozgul - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different techniques of surface treatment on the microleakage of a fissure sealant in molar teeth. A total of 50 freshly extracted noncarious human third molars were randomly assigned to one of five groups. Occlusal fissures were treated with one ...
Felzani Giorgio - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Chronically hospitalized patients are often burdened with skin ulcerations, which may be persistent and even irreversible. Treatment with hyaluronic acid is widely used in the early phases of the ulcers to relieve symptoms and accelerate the healing process. The present study hypothesized that lysine hyaluronate (Lys-HA) (Lysial®, Fatai-Nyl Srl; ...
Pagonis Thomas - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: There is an increase in the number of anabolic-steroid (AS)-abusing trainees, who suffer from sports injuries, needing reconstruction surgery. Rupture of the distal biceps brachii tendon is a common injury in this group. PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of AS abuse in the anatomic reconstruction of ...
Wahab Rohaya Megat Abdul - - 2012
This prospective study investigated the difference in clinical efficiency between Damon™ 3 self-ligating brackets (SLB) compared with Mini Diamond conventional ligating brackets (CLBs) during tooth alignment in straightwire fixed appliance therapy. Twenty-nine patients (10 males and 19 females), aged between 14 and 30 years, were randomly divided into two groups: ...
Turtiainen Johanna - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Surgical wound infection (SWI) is a common complication after peripheral vascular surgery. Infections increase morbidity and costs of treatment. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that supplemental postoperative oxygen decreases the incidence of SWI after lower limb revascularization. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, multicenter, single-blinded ...
Holme Öyvind Ö Department of Medicine, Sorlandet Hospital Kristiansand, Kristiansand, Norway. - - 2011
Knowing the position of the endoscope within the abdomen is important for performing a high-quality, painless colonoscopy. The recently introduced magnetic endoscopic imaging (MEI) system provides a continuous, real-time image of the endoscope during the entire procedure. To compare MEI versus standard colonoscopy with on-demand fluoroscopy on unsedated patients, as ...
Gitelman Yevgeniy - - 2011
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design: Retrospective review.Objective: To assess long-term pulmonary function following surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Summary of Background Data: Pulmonary function is known to decline with increasing age. Although there are published reports on 2- and 5-year pulmonary function test (PFT) outcomes following various surgical approaches for ...
Hernandez Teri L - - 2011
No randomized studies in humans have examined whether fat returns after removal or where it returns. We undertook a prospective, randomized-controlled trial of suction lipectomy in nonobese women to determine if adipose tissue (AT) is defended and if so, the anatomic pattern of redistribution. Healthy women with disproportionate AT depots ...
Kwak Jae Gun - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: We changed our surgical strategy for pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect from shunt operation to early total correction as an initial procedure since 2004. The objective of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of shunt and early total correction. METHODS.: From 1997 to 2008, 47 patients ...
Díez Manuel - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between the intra-operative concentration of parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) and the long-term outcome of patients intervened due to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed with 120 patients. Three determinations were made of PTH in blood: baseline, when the diseases gland was located, ...
Frullini A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Visual and neurological disturbances have always been reported following liquid sclerotherapy (LS) for venous insufficiency. In 1993 Cabrera introduced foam sclerotherapy (FS) using a detergent sclerosant as Lauromacrogol 400 or sodium tetradecyl sulphate. Several authors have reported with FS an increased incidence of such transient visual disturbances and neurological ...
Kim Victor V Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2011
Chronic bronchitis (CB) in patients with COPD is associated with an accelerated lung function decline and an increased risk of respiratory infections. Despite its clinical significance, the chronic bronchitic phenotype in COPD remains poorly defined. We analyzed data from subjects enrolled in the Genetic Epidemiology of COPD (COPDGene) Study. A ...
Chiu Fang-Yao - - 2011
Elastic (Esmarch) bandage exsanguination is widely used in lower limb surgery to provide a bloodless operating field. Nevertheless, it is still not known exactly how exsanguination through Esmarch bandage usage contributes to venous pressure physiology following TKA. We wished to determine whether exsanguination with Esmarch bandage affects the venous hemodynamics ...
Sanabria María R - - 2011
Purpose. To identify the indications and differences in outcomes for adding a scleral buckle (SB) to pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in a prospective series of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) by using propensity score matching (PSM) to analyze causal effects in observational studies.?Methods. Data were collected from the Retina 1 Project, ...
Koltka Kemalettin - - 2011
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic knee surgery is done in outpatient settings; however, postoperative pain is a major barrier for discharge and limits early rehabilitation. The efficacy of intraarticular application of magnesium sulphate, levobupivacaine and lornoxicam, with placebo on postoperative pain after arthroscopic meniscectomy was evaluated. METHODS: One hundred and twenty ASA status ...
Nocca David - - 2011
Gastric bypass (GBP) has proved its efficacy 30 years ago in the management of diabetes mellitus (T2DM) for severe obese patients. More recently, interesting results have been published after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in the same indication. Between 2005 and 2008, three bariatric centers have prospectively collected the data of T2DM patients ...
Moore Stephanie D - - 2011
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To compare a muscle energy technique (MET) for the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) horizontal abductors and a MET for the GHJ external rotators to improve GHJ range of motion (ROM) in baseball players. BACKGROUND: Overhead athletes often exhibit lost GHJ ROM in internal rotation which ...
Schmidt Carolin - - 2011
Posterior pedicle screw fixation is now the standard treatment for surgical correction of idiopathic scoliosis and has largely replaced anterior techniques, but there have been reports describing a lordogenic effect of segmental pedicle screw instrumentation in the thoracic spine. This clinical study compared anterior dual rod instrumentation with posterior pedicle ...
Tochigi Yuki - - 2011
Joint instability has long been empirically recognized as a leading risk factor for osteoarthritis. However, formal mechanistic linkage of instability to osteoarthritis development has not been established. This study aimed to support a clinically accepted, but heretofore scientifically unproven, concept that the severity and rapidity of osteoarthritis development in unstable ...
Dattaray Piali - - 2011
Objectives. The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of topical ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone versus topical ciprofloxacin/hydrocortisone on the outcome of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced otitis media with effusion in chinchillas. Study Design. A randomized experimental animal study. Setting. Jerry L. Pettis Veteran's Medical Center. Subjects and Methods. Otitis media with effusion ...
Kocum Aysu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical success rate, safety, and usefulness for intraoperative central venous pressure monitoring, and the intravenous access port of the supraclavicular subclavian vein approach when compared with the infraclavicular subclavian vein approach and the internal jugular vein approach for central venous catheterization during open-chest cardiac surgery. DESIGN: ...
Cavicchi Ottavio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess a prospective, randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing neurostimulation with laryngeal palpation (NSLP) of recurrent laringeal nerve (RLN) alone with NSLP associated with laryngeal neuromonitoring (LNM) to evaluate the ability of LNM in reducing the rates of RLN palsy. METHODS: In all, ...
Bharti Neerja - - 2011
Background: The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been established for patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We evaluated the efficacy of a novel approach to TAP block for postoperative analgesia after colorectal surgery. Methods: Forty adult ASA physical status I to III patients undergoing colorectal surgery were recruited ...
Wong David T - - 2011
This study compared the Boussignac™ continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask with the venturi face mask in terms of the postoperative PaO2/F(I)O2 (PF) ratio in morbidly obese patients after bariatric surgery. Following hospital Research Ethics Board approval and written informed consent, morbidly obese (body mass index > 35 kg·m(-2)) patients ...
Bech Rune D - - 2011
Pain control may assist early mobilisation after internal fixation of femoral neck fractures. Systemic opioids have significant side effects in elderly patients. We present an evaluation of the effect of local anaesthetic infiltration in such cases , the objective being to decrease the need for postoperative opioids and to improve ...
Socié Gérard - - 2011
Previous randomized GvHD-prophylaxis trials have failed to demonstrate reduced incidence and severity of chronic GvHD (cGvHD). Here we re-analyzed and updated a randomized phase III trial comparing standard GvHD prophylaxis with or without pre-transplant ATG-Fresenius (ATG-F) in 201 adult patients receiving myeloablative conditioning prior to transplantation from unrelated donors. The ...
Desai Aravind S - - 2011
We aimed to assess the radiological and functional outcome of total hip arthroplasty performed using a simple technique for intra-operative leg length assessment. The comparative group was made up of patients receiving total hip arthroplasty prior to introduction of the technique. Fifty patients were studied in each group. The pre- ...
López-Cedrún José L - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the occurrence of postoperative complications in patients receiving either pre- or postoperative amoxicillin versus placebo after third molar surgery. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed in 123 patients undergoing third molar surgery. The patients were randomized to ...
Giudice E - - 2011
The present report describes the haematological and serological findings observed in a dairy sheep farm during an aborting outbreak. Fifty ewes divided into two groups were included in the study: group A consisted of 35 healthy ewes and group B consisted of 15 ill subjects. From each ewe, blood samples ...
Ilfeld Brian M - - 2011
Hip arthroplasty frequently requires potent postoperative analgesia, often provided with an epidural or posterior lumbar plexus local anesthetic infusion. However, American Society of Regional Anesthesia guidelines now recommend against epidural and continuous posterior lumbar plexus blocks during administration of various perioperative anticoagulants often administered after hip arthroplasty. A continuous femoral ...
Rai Anshul - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to see the efficacy of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) screws with arch bars and to compare the plaque index in between 2 methods of MMF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized clinical trial. The study sample was derived from the population of ...
Cakirer Banu - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate upper airway changes related to craniofacial changes induced by a facemask (FM) combined with Le Fort I osteotomy without down-fracture in Class III maxillary retrusion subjects (group 1) when compared with a similar group of subjects treated with traditional rapid palatal ...
Feldman Ted - - 2011
Mitral-valve repair can be accomplished with an investigational procedure that involves the percutaneous implantation of a clip that grasps and approximates the edges of the mitral leaflets at the origin of the regurgitant jet. We randomly assigned 279 patients with moderately severe or severe (grade 3+ or 4+) mitral regurgitation ...
Niraj G - - 2011
Subcostal transversus abdominis plane (TAP) catheters have been reported to be an effective method of providing analgesia after upper abdominal surgery. We compared their analgesic efficacy with that of epidural analgesia after major upper abdominal surgery in a randomised controlled trial. Adult patients undergoing elective open hepatobiliary or renal surgery ...
Vassalos A - - 2011
In a randomised trial, we compared the effects of oral sildenafil (0.5 mg.kg(-1) ) and placebo, administered the day before cardiac surgery, in 24 children. In sildenafil vs placebo patients, pre-cardiopulmonary bypass median (IQR [range]) cyclic-guanosine-monophosphate was not significantly different (29.9 (2.1-208.1 [0.5-391.5]) vs 5.2 (0.3-54.6 [0-628.9]) pmol.ml(-1) , respectively). Post-cardiopulmonary bypass, ...
Dohmen Pascal M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infection (SSI) remains a serious potential complication after cardiac surgery. This study evaluated the impact of a cyanoacrylate microbial skin sealant (INTEGUSEAL) on the rate of SSI in cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: Between January 2006 and July 2008, 580 patients underwent cardiac surgery by a single surgeon ...
Jeong Seong Jin - - 2011
Objectives:  To determine the association of vesico-urethral anastomosis location (VUAL) with early recovery of urinary continence (UC) after radical prostatectomy (RP). Methods:  A retrospective analysis of 678 patients who underwent RP was carried out. Patients were divided into three groups based on the VUAL as determined by postoperative cystography: group ...
Lam Dennis S C - - 2011
To evaluate the safety and adjunctive effect of acupuncture added to refractive correction for anisometropic amblyopia in younger children. Prospective, randomized, controlled, crossover trial. We included 83 children aged 3 to <7 years with untreated anisometropic amblyopia and baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/40 to 20/200 in the amblyopic ...
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