Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2892
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Gurbanov E - - 2011
AIM: This study documents our experience with the use of ECMO in adult cardiac transplantation. Furthermore, in an attempt to improve outcomes of donor hearts with long ischemic times (LITs) we evaluated the efficacy of a strategy based on intraoperative ECMO (i-ECMO) circuit extended into postoperative cardiopulmonary support. METHODS: From ...
Bello Seidu Adebayo - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of total and partial wound closure techniques on immediate postoperative tissue reactions and complications after mandibular third molar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled study was carried out at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria. Patients were randomly ...
Smith Michelle J - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Despite increasing acceptance of endovascular coiling for treating intracranial aneurysms, incomplete occlusion remains a limitation. Attempts to reduce recanalization have prompted creation of polyglycolic/polylactic acid coated (Matrix) coils shown to improve neointima formation; however, previous publications demonstrate conflicting results regarding their efficacy. Few studies account for factors influencing recurrence ...
Kim Yong-Il - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the soft-tissue changes in the midfacial areas of patients who underwent conventional and high Le Fort I osteotomies with maxillary advancement, using voxel-by-voxel registration at the cranial bases, and to evaluate the influence of the level of the osteotomy cut on those soft-tissue changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Zeraatian Sam - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of oral clonidine in decreasing the prevalence and intensity of postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) rise in those undergoing phacoemulsification. Methods: This was a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial including 62 patients (each with 1 affected aye) with senile cataract scheduled for ...
Gracia J A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: An important fact when facing new technologies is their cost for the Health Publishes. The purpose of this paper is to compare the costs of performing TEM with harmonic scalpel and classic monopolar scalpel and to analyze complications. METHODS: Operation time, blood loss, and hospital stay were recorded to ...
Borderie Vincent M - - 2011
To compare anterior lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) with the reference surgical technique (penetrating keratoplasty [PK]) for risk of rejection. Retrospective, comparative case series. setting: Institutional. patients: One hundred forty-nine consecutive ALK procedures (ALK group) and 149 matched PK procedures (PK group) performed for optical indication in eyes with corneal diseases not ...
Teoh Anthony Yuen Bun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a prototype device (the one-step needle sphincterotome) versus direct incision and balloon dilation for creating transgastric access to the peritoneal cavity in a porcine model. METHODS: In five swine, 24 gastrotomies were created using direct incision followed by ...
Skawran S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) mesh repair is nowadays a well-established tension-free method for inguinal hernia repair. Mainly based on animal studies and case reports, a concern about the risk of postoperative infertility was expressed. This clinical study aimed to evaluate the risk of infertility due to obstructive azoospermia ...
Nasser L F - - 2011
Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of exogenous progesterone on superovulatory response and ova/embryo quality in Bos indicus donors superstimulated during the first follicular wave (FFW). We hypothesized that exogenous progesterone during gonadotropin treatments would improve ova and embryo quality. In Experiment 1, 18 Nelore cows were randomly ...
Yates David R DR Department of Urology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom. - - 2013
To evaluate the prostate cancer (CaP) detection rate and morbidity of performing a transurethral resection biopsy of the prostate (TURBP) at the same time as a saturation biopsy (SBx). A total of 102 men with previous negative transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsies underwent a SBx under formal anaesthesia. Fifty-four [54 (52.9%)] ...
Nikolopoulos D D - - 2011
PURPOSE: Primary TKA in valgus knees with a deformity of more than ten degrees may prove challenging, since bone and soft tissue abnormalities make accurate axis restoration, component orientation and joint stability attainment a difficult task. The purpose of this study was to determine which approach is optimal in these ...
Uraoka Toshio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been used recently for successful en bloc resection of even large lesions, although no consensus appears in medical literature concerning its application to elderly patients. This prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of colorectal ESD for patients 80 years of age ...
Hosgood S A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Combining hypothermic techniques, as a more practical approach to preservation, may enhance the condition of kidneys donated after cardiac death. METHODS: Porcine kidneys were retrieved after 10 min in situ warm ischaemia, then preserved by either 18 h static cold storage (CS), hypothermic machine perfusion for 18 h (HMP) ...
Suehiro Koichi - - 2011
PURPOSE: Single-lung ventilation (SLV) is thought to reduce regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)). In this study, we evaluated changes in rSO(2) during SLV and their correlation with perioperative changes in cognitive function. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients participated in this study, each of whom received combined thoracic epidural and general anesthesia. rSO(2) ...
Yamaguchi Naoyuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits en bloc removal of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, postprocedure stricture is common after ESD for extensive tumors, and multiple endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) is required for recalcitrant cases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of oral prednisolone in controlling postprocedure esophageal stricture. DESIGN: ...
Xu Qi-Rong - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the operative effects of linear stapled intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy with hand-sewn or circular stapled anastomosis in prevention of anastomotic stricture. METHOD: Between October 2007 and October 2009, 293 patients with esophageal or gastric cardia cancer underwent a curative intent resection. Patients ...
Karp Deborah R - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study aims to compare the efficacy of porcine graft-augmented anterior prolapse repair with and without underlying pubocervical fascia plication. METHODS: Women with symptomatic anterior prolapse who underwent transvaginal repair, using biologic graft via transobturator approach, were retrospectively studied. An initial cohort had the graft placed without ...
Choy Won Sik - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to compare the pain score, systemic opioid consumption, and range of motion (ROM) between the group where the use of continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) was discontinued on postoperative day 3 (POD 3) and the group where it was discontinued on POD 7 ...
Evliyaoğlu Yalçın - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate of the efficacy and reliability of a novel antimicrobial hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticle coating of urethral catheters, in the prophylaxis of biofilm formation and bacteriuria in rabbits. A total of 60 male rabbits were randomized to the control and study groups and each ...
Nassr Ayman O - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal adenocarcinoma is aetiologically associated with gastro-esophageal reflux, but the mechanisms responsible for the metaplasia-dysplasia sequence are unknown. Bile components are implicated. Impaired gallbladder function may contribute to duodenogastric reflux (DGR) and harmful GERD. AIMS: This study aims to compare gallbladder function in patients with Barrett's esophagus, adenocarcinoma, and ...
El Matri Leila - - 2011
To compare the 1-year functional and anatomical outcomes of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Review of retrospectively collected data of 80 eyes in 80 patients with myopic CNV treated with standard PDT (n = 40) or IVB (1.25 mg/ 0.05 ml) (n = 40). Best-corrected visual acuity ...
Fikkers Bernard G - - 2011
Percutaneous tracheostomy is frequently performed in long-term ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Unfortunately, despite many years of experience, the optimal technique is still unknown, especially considering the occurrence of late complications. The purpose of this study was to determine which of the two most frequently used percutaneous ...
Tan Yar-Li - - 2011
To investigate the incidence of postoperative complications arising in the first year after trabeculectomy and combined phacotrabeculectomy in eyes with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) vs those with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). This was a retrospective study of all glaucoma operations done at a Singapore hospital from January 9, 2001, to ...
Korets Ruslan - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: The use of bipolar electrocautery has proven advantages over monopolar energy during transurethral surgery by limiting hyponatremia and its clinical sequelae. Percutaneous ablation of caliceal diverticula and parapelvic renal cysts has been shown to be an effective surgical approach for the management of these conditions when ...
Martinez-Lopez Joaquin - - 2011
For establishing the true impact of different response categories in multiple myeloma patients treated with autologous stem cell transplantation we evaluated, after a median follow-up of 153 months, 344 MM patients transplanted between 1989 and 1998. OS at 12 years were 35% in Complete Response (CR) patients, 22% in Near ...
Yalcin Nadir - - 2011
Abstract. Large bearing metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) may offer advantages relating to stability and range of motion in patients with Crowe Type I and II developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of the clinical and radiological results of ...
Rinker Brian - - 2011
PURPOSE: The optimal management of a nerve gap within the fingers remains an unanswered question in hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the sensory recovery, cost, and complication profile of digital nerve repair using autogenous vein and polyglycolic acid conduits. METHODS: We enrolled patients undergoing repair ...
Brown L C LC Vascular Surgery Research Group, Imperial College, London, - - 2011
The aim was to compare rates of myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death in patients with a large abdominal aortic aneurysm who had endovascular (EVAR) or open repair to determine whether cardiovascular mortality explains the convergence in survival curves after these procedures. Between 1999 and 2004, 1252 patients were randomized ...
Pons Beltrán Vicente - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: To obtain an adequate view of the whole small intestine during capsule endoscopy (CE) a clear liquid diet and overnight fasting is recommended. However, intestinal content can hamper vision in spite of these measures. Our aim was to evaluate tolerance and degree of intestinal cleanliness during ...
Iwahashi Makoto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to determine the optimal period for the prophylactic administration of the neutrophil elastase inhibitor, Sivelestat, in patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy. Sivelestat is reported to be effective in patients who undergo esophagectomy by providing an increased oxygenation ability and suppressing the serum inflammatory cytokines in ...
De Santiago-Miramontes María Angeles - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine whether flushing or the stimulus of estrogenized goats is necessary to achieve a high reproductive response in anestrous goats on rangeland. Does were feed-supplemented on rangeland (flushed, n = 20). Other group was exposed to estrogenized does during the mating period (stimulated, n = 20). A third group ...
Binbay Murat - - 2011
PURPOSE: We prospectively analyzed and compared the effectiveness and complications of pneumatic lithotripter with a holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser for the ureterorenoscopic management of impacted ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to January 2008, we performed retrograde endoscopic treatment in 288 patients with ureteral stones in our clinic. The ...
Gullà Nino - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the feasibility and the eventual advantages of ghost ileostomy (GI) versus covering stoma (CS) in terms of complications, hospital stay and quality of life of patients and their caregivers after anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: In this prospective ...
Baygin Ozgul - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different techniques of surface treatment on the microleakage of a fissure sealant in molar teeth. A total of 50 freshly extracted noncarious human third molars were randomly assigned to one of five groups. Occlusal fissures were treated with one ...
Felzani Giorgio - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Chronically hospitalized patients are often burdened with skin ulcerations, which may be persistent and even irreversible. Treatment with hyaluronic acid is widely used in the early phases of the ulcers to relieve symptoms and accelerate the healing process. The present study hypothesized that lysine hyaluronate (Lys-HA) (Lysial®, Fatai-Nyl Srl; ...
Pagonis Thomas - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: There is an increase in the number of anabolic-steroid (AS)-abusing trainees, who suffer from sports injuries, needing reconstruction surgery. Rupture of the distal biceps brachii tendon is a common injury in this group. PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of AS abuse in the anatomic reconstruction of ...
Wahab Rohaya Megat Abdul - - 2012
This prospective study investigated the difference in clinical efficiency between Damon™ 3 self-ligating brackets (SLB) compared with Mini Diamond conventional ligating brackets (CLBs) during tooth alignment in straightwire fixed appliance therapy. Twenty-nine patients (10 males and 19 females), aged between 14 and 30 years, were randomly divided into two groups: ...
Turtiainen Johanna - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Surgical wound infection (SWI) is a common complication after peripheral vascular surgery. Infections increase morbidity and costs of treatment. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that supplemental postoperative oxygen decreases the incidence of SWI after lower limb revascularization. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, multicenter, single-blinded ...
Holme Öyvind Ö Department of Medicine, Sorlandet Hospital Kristiansand, Kristiansand, Norway. - - 2011
Knowing the position of the endoscope within the abdomen is important for performing a high-quality, painless colonoscopy. The recently introduced magnetic endoscopic imaging (MEI) system provides a continuous, real-time image of the endoscope during the entire procedure. To compare MEI versus standard colonoscopy with on-demand fluoroscopy on unsedated patients, as ...
Gitelman Yevgeniy - - 2011
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design: Retrospective review.Objective: To assess long-term pulmonary function following surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).Summary of Background Data: Pulmonary function is known to decline with increasing age. Although there are published reports on 2- and 5-year pulmonary function test (PFT) outcomes following various surgical approaches for ...
Hernandez Teri L - - 2011
No randomized studies in humans have examined whether fat returns after removal or where it returns. We undertook a prospective, randomized-controlled trial of suction lipectomy in nonobese women to determine if adipose tissue (AT) is defended and if so, the anatomic pattern of redistribution. Healthy women with disproportionate AT depots ...
Kwak Jae Gun - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: We changed our surgical strategy for pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect from shunt operation to early total correction as an initial procedure since 2004. The objective of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of shunt and early total correction. METHODS.: From 1997 to 2008, 47 patients ...
Díez Manuel - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between the intra-operative concentration of parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) and the long-term outcome of patients intervened due to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed with 120 patients. Three determinations were made of PTH in blood: baseline, when the diseases gland was located, ...
Frullini A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Visual and neurological disturbances have always been reported following liquid sclerotherapy (LS) for venous insufficiency. In 1993 Cabrera introduced foam sclerotherapy (FS) using a detergent sclerosant as Lauromacrogol 400 or sodium tetradecyl sulphate. Several authors have reported with FS an increased incidence of such transient visual disturbances and neurological ...
Kim Victor V Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2011
Chronic bronchitis (CB) in patients with COPD is associated with an accelerated lung function decline and an increased risk of respiratory infections. Despite its clinical significance, the chronic bronchitic phenotype in COPD remains poorly defined. We analyzed data from subjects enrolled in the Genetic Epidemiology of COPD (COPDGene) Study. A ...
Chiu Fang-Yao - - 2011
Elastic (Esmarch) bandage exsanguination is widely used in lower limb surgery to provide a bloodless operating field. Nevertheless, it is still not known exactly how exsanguination through Esmarch bandage usage contributes to venous pressure physiology following TKA. We wished to determine whether exsanguination with Esmarch bandage affects the venous hemodynamics ...
Sanabria María R - - 2011
Purpose. To identify the indications and differences in outcomes for adding a scleral buckle (SB) to pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in a prospective series of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) by using propensity score matching (PSM) to analyze causal effects in observational studies.?Methods. Data were collected from the Retina 1 Project, ...
Koltka Kemalettin - - 2011
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic knee surgery is done in outpatient settings; however, postoperative pain is a major barrier for discharge and limits early rehabilitation. The efficacy of intraarticular application of magnesium sulphate, levobupivacaine and lornoxicam, with placebo on postoperative pain after arthroscopic meniscectomy was evaluated. METHODS: One hundred and twenty ASA status ...
Nocca David - - 2011
Gastric bypass (GBP) has proved its efficacy 30 years ago in the management of diabetes mellitus (T2DM) for severe obese patients. More recently, interesting results have been published after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in the same indication. Between 2005 and 2008, three bariatric centers have prospectively collected the data of T2DM patients ...
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