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Talreja Jayant P - - 2011
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) for unresectable cholangiocarcinoma is associated with improvement in cholestasis and survival. Single operator cholangioscopy (SOC) has been used for targeted laser illumination. We analyzed our growing experience of SOC with direct PDT. This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of patients prospectively entered into a ...
El Henawi Diaa El Din Mohamed - - 2011
Objectives: To compare the efficacy of power-microdebrider-assisted inferior turbinoplasty (PAT) with submucosal resection (SMR) in the treatment of inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Methods: A prospective randomized clinical trial study of 46 patients with bilateral inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: PAT and SMR. Results: Intraoperative blood loss ...
Chen Hung-Shu - - 2011
PURPOSE: The ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA™) may be difficult to insert because of its large soft cuff, even when using a dedicated introducer tool. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether introduction of a stylet (Flexi-Slip™) in the drainage tube improved insertion characteristics compared with the standard ...
Azawi Osama Ibrahim - - 2011
The effect of GnRH administration on superovulatory response of ewes treated with equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) in breeding and nonbreeding seasons and the contribution of laparoscopic insemination to the improvement of fertilization and embryo recovery were investigated. Twenty-four nonpregnant Awassi ewes of 3-4 years of age were randomly allocated into two ...
Zhu H M - - 2011
This multicenter and randomized clinical trial showed that daily oral herbal formula Xian Ling Gu Bao (XLGB) was safe in postmenopausal women over a 1-year treatment. Those patients (n ∼ 50) treated with XLGB at the conventional dose demonstrated a statistically significant increase in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) ...
Sert Hüseyin - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-flow sevoflurane and low-flow sevoflurane supplemented with remifentanil anesthesia on the recovery time, consumption amount of the anesthetic drugs and hemodynamic differences. Materials and Methods: A prospective, randomized and double-blinded study with 50 patients was designed. Following intubation, ...
Mao Wei-Lin - - 2011
The prevalence of CD4+CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (AoCLF) who received plasma exchange (PE) and/or medical treatment was investigated. One hundred five patients with AoCLF in two groups (PE plus routine-care, n = 48 and routine-care, n = 57) were enrolled in our study. In the PE group, ...
Saha Sibu P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The low thrombogenicity, porosity, and limited elasticity of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts, although beneficial, may exacerbate the problem of suture-line bleeding at vascular anastomoses and consequently lead to increased operating times. The overall objective of this prospective, randomized, controlled, subject-blinded, multicenter phase 2 study was to evaluate the ...
Presta Pierangela - - 2011
Older subjects, including those with normal renal function, have an increased risk of acute kidney injury. Preoperative statin therapy has been reported to improve renal outcome after cardiac surgery and to reduce inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass. No study has hitherto evaluated whether the positive effect of pretreatment with statins ...
Khandpur S - - 2011
Aim.  Palmoplantar psoriasis (PPP) produces significant morbidity and requires prompt treatment. Topical agents form the mainstay of therapy. We compared the efficacy and side-effect profile of a steroid/coal-tar combination with topical psoralen and solar ultraviolet A (PUVAsol) in PPP. Methods.  In total, 52 patients with PPP were randomized to receive ...
Jäderberg Sylvia - - 2012
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate and compare stability after 6 months of Essix retainer use. Patients' perceptions of wearing the retainer were also evaluated. A total of 69 patients, 53 girls and 16 boys [mean age 15.7 years, standard deviation (SD) 1.96], were included in the ...
Lovisetti Giovanni - - 2012
This retrospective review follows 31 tibial nonunions to compare union at the docking site using closed versus open strategies. In this cohort of patients, all but five were infected nonunions. Thirteen patients initially treated with single compression were compared with 18 patients treated by open revision of the docking site. ...
Tornese Davide D Center for Sports Rehabilitation, IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopedics Institute, Milan, - - 2011
To generate data on optimal shoulder position comparing two ultrasound-guided extracorporeal shock wave therapy techniques for the treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder. Random assignment to two groups of treatment with three months follow-up. The data were collected in outpatients. Thirty-five subjects affected by calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder ...
Hsiao Sheng-Mou - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate the urodynamic effects, therapeutic efficacy and safety of solifenacin versus tolterodine treatment for women with overactive bladder syndrome. Methods:  Patients were randomized to receive either solifenacin 5 mg or tolterodine ER 4 mg once a day for 12 weeks at each four-week visit in a post-marketing study. Only women ...
Hirata Yoshikazu - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Aspirin-induced enteropathy is increasing, but whether the type of aspirin affects the gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, especially small intestine, is unclear. The incidence of GI bleeding for buffered aspirin and enteric-coated aspirin was evaluated in patients receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Methods. This retrospective cohort ...
Paoli Donatella - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sperm mitochondrial integrity through analysis of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψ) and to correlate the energy status with variations in sperm motility. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Seminology Laboratory, University of Rome, Italy. PATIENT(S): Two hundred thirteen semen samples from the same number of patients, divided into two groups ...
Piotin Michel - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to compare the long-term (≥12 months) angiographic follow-up of aneurysms treated with polymer polyglycolic-lactic acid (PGLA)-coated coils versus bare platinum coils. METHODS: Long-term angiographic follow-up results of 90 aneurysms treated exclusively with PGLA-coated coils were retrospectively analyzed and compared to those of 158 aneurysms ...
Lau Hei-Yu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transobturator tension-free vaginal mesh (Perigee) and concomitant transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT-O) for treating cystocele with urodynamic stress incontinence (UDSI). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 115 patients with symptomatic stages 2-3 cystocele and UDSI who were treated with a Perigee system ...
Chang Hye Jin - - 2011
Aim:  In order to find the optimal exposure time of cryoprotectant, we performed a comparison of vitrification versus slow freezing according to the degree of normal morphology and apoptosis of human ovarian follicles. Materials and Methods:  Eleven patients aged 20-41 years who underwent operative laparoscopy for benign ovarian cysts or cesarean ...
Bauernfeind Tamas - - 2011
We aimed to evaluate the safety and long-term efficacy of the magnetic navigation system (MNS) in a large number of patients. The MNS has the potential for improving safety and efficacy based on atraumatic catheter design and superior navigation capabilities. In this study, 610 consecutive patients underwent ablation. Patients were ...
Imahashi N - - 2011
The effects of macrophage activation on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (allo-HSCT) have yet to be fully examined. A total of 70 adult patients who received a first allo-HSCT for hematological diseases were studied. We counted the number of hemophagocytic cells in BM clot sections on day +14±7, and ...
Wong Wu Shun Felix - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and result of LAVH performed in virgins and nulliparae. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of 297 consecutive cases of LAVH using the Biswas Uterine Vaginal Elevator (BUVE) in a private hospital in Hong Kong for benign gynaecological conditions between July 2006 and February 2009. Variables analysed ...
Gil-Cazorla Raquel - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) performed with a femtosecond laser vs a mechanical microkeratome for the correction of low to moderate hyperopia. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional, comparative case series. METHODS: settings: Vissum Santa Hortensia, Madrid, Spain.study population and procedures: Patients who had undergone LASIK ...
Wu Yungang - - 2011
Between March 2003 and September 2007, 170 consecutive patients with lumbar degenerative disease were studied retrospectively. Eighty patients underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF group) with pedicle screw (PS) fixation, and 82 patients underwent posterolateral fusion (PLF group) with PS fixation. Eight patients were lost to follow-up. The minimum follow-up ...
Bastos André Netto - - 2011
PURPOSE: Androgen stimulation before hypospadias surgery has resulted in increased penile size, fewer complications and improved cosmesis, and suggests increased neovascularization. To our knowledge the real effect on neovascularization remains to be proved. We studied the histological effects of testosterone on neovascularization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 26 boys ...
Sandeman D J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> The effect of adding transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks to local anaesthetic infiltration on morphine consumption and postoperative pain in children undergoing laparoscopic appendicectomy is unknown. METHODS: /st> After random allocation, 93 children aged 7-16 were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided TAP blocks placed before surgery or not (control). ...
Rocha Flavio Trigo - - 2011
PURPOSE: Most groups have reported disappointing results with autoaugmentation or detrusor myectomy for low capacity/compliance neuropathic bladders. Failure may be due to an ischemic diverticulum or mucosal shrinkage. We investigated whether a Silimed® silicone balloon placed in the bladder after autoaugmentation could prevent these problems, improving surgical results. MATERIALS AND ...
Moreau Philippe P University Hospital, Nantes, France. - - 2011
Intravenous injection is the standard administration route of bortezomib; however, subcutaneous administration is an important alternative. We compared the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous versus intravenous bortezomib at the approved 1·3 mg/m(2) dose and twice per week schedule in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma. This randomised, phase 3 study was ...
Barbagli Guido - - 2011
Using pathological examination we evaluated the involvement of lichen sclerosus in urethral strictures in men. We performed an observational, descriptive, retrospective study of patients treated for genital lichen sclerosus who had at least 1 biopsy positive for lichen sclerosus. Study exclusion criteria were malignant penile lesions, incomplete data on personal ...
Sugano Kentaro - - 2011
The efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole has not been established for the prevention of recurrent gastric or duodenal ulcers in those receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection. This study sought to examine the efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole (15 mg once daily) for the secondary prevention of LDA-associated ...
So Yoon Kyoung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), regional lymph node metastasis (LNM) is associated with a increased locoregional recurrence rate. Yet, prophylactic central lymph node dissection (CLND) targeting subclinical central LNM continues to be a matter of debate in the treatment of PTMC, which generally carries an excellent prognosis. The aim ...
Chien Chun-Ru - - 2011
Hypotheses. The authors hypothesized that the use of alternative medicine, in the form of Chinese medicine (CM), among patients in the continuing care phase of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Taiwan is higher than the use in a matched control group of noncancer individuals. STUDY DESIGN: This was a case-control study. ...
Matkap Erkan - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of preoperative intravenous (IV) tramadol and preoperative tramadol infiltration of trocar sites on postoperative pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Operating room, recovery room, and surgical ward. PATIENTS: 70 ASA physical status 1 and 2 ...
Costantini Elisabetta - - 2011
PURPOSE: We reevaluated and brought up to date the 8-year followup of a previous published, randomized, controlled trial of the impact of Burch colposuspension as a prophylactic anti-incontinence procedure in patients without urinary incontinence who underwent abdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 66 continent women ...
van der Wal J B C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of the study was to determine the long-term effect of the use of a hyaluronic acid-carboxymethylcellulose membrane (Seprafilm) on the incidence of adhesions and subsequent small-bowel obstruction and chronic abdominal complaints after colorectal surgery (Hartmann's procedure). BACKGROUND:: Adhesions occur frequently after abdominal surgery and are the most ...
Liavaag Sigurd - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The treatment of primary traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation varies widely from no immobilization, to two or three weeks of immobilization in internal rotation with the arm in a sling, to treatment with a brace in external rotation. The aim of the present clinical trial was to compare immobilization in ...
Freund Yonathan - - 2011
In this study we aimed to determine whether isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) bolus is associated with hypotension in patients aged at least 75 years presenting to an emergency department (ED) with acute heart failure (AHF) syndrome. This is a retrospective study, and all patients with AHF presenting in our ED during ...
Krause Fabian G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Major modifications in the design and techniques of total ankle replacement have challenged the perception that ankle arthrodesis is the treatment of choice for end-stage ankle arthritis. High complication and revision rates have been reported after both procedures. METHODS: We performed radiographic evaluations at a mean of thirty-nine months ...
Sayed Khulood Mohammed - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the early visual impacts of various optical coherence tomographic (OCT) parameters after the first versus repeated intravitreal ranibizumab injection in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A retrospective comparative case series study was conducted on 20 eyes of 18 ...
Ichise Yasuyuki - - 2011
Background and Aim: The ideal method to remove small colorectal polyps is unknown. We compared removal by colon snare transection without electrocautery (cold snare polypectomy) with conventional electrocautery snare polypectomy (hot polypectomy) in terms of procedure duration, difficulty in retrieving polyps, bleeding, and post-polypectomy symptoms. Methods: Patients with colorectal polyps ...
Sossalla S - - 2011
AIM: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI), e.g. pantoprazole (PP), esomeprazole (EP) and omeprazole (OP), work as anti-ulcer/gastrointestinal reflux drugs. Also, they are widely used in postoperative care of patients in cardiac surgery to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Therefore, in western industrial countries they play a major economic role, representing one of ...
Miller Noam - - 2011
Groups of animals-flocks, herds, shoals, and swarms-are often dynamical entities. Relative positions of group members change, and most groups divide and re-form on multiple timescales. Few studies, however, have attempted to define when an animal is or is not within a group. Most authors adopt arbitrary distance thresholds, such as ...
Zhong Yisheng - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To compare the effects of latanoprost, travoprost, and bimatoprost on central corneal thickness (CCT). METHODS:: A total of 69 eyes of 69 patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension submitted to monotherapy with prostaglandin analogues (latanoprost 0.005%, travoprost 0.004%, or bimatoprost 0.03%) during a mean of 17.19 ± 15.71 months ...
Gurbanov E - - 2011
AIM: This study documents our experience with the use of ECMO in adult cardiac transplantation. Furthermore, in an attempt to improve outcomes of donor hearts with long ischemic times (LITs) we evaluated the efficacy of a strategy based on intraoperative ECMO (i-ECMO) circuit extended into postoperative cardiopulmonary support. METHODS: From ...
Bello Seidu Adebayo - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of total and partial wound closure techniques on immediate postoperative tissue reactions and complications after mandibular third molar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled study was carried out at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria. Patients were randomly ...
Smith Michelle J - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Despite increasing acceptance of endovascular coiling for treating intracranial aneurysms, incomplete occlusion remains a limitation. Attempts to reduce recanalization have prompted creation of polyglycolic/polylactic acid coated (Matrix) coils shown to improve neointima formation; however, previous publications demonstrate conflicting results regarding their efficacy. Few studies account for factors influencing recurrence ...
Kim Yong-Il - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the soft-tissue changes in the midfacial areas of patients who underwent conventional and high Le Fort I osteotomies with maxillary advancement, using voxel-by-voxel registration at the cranial bases, and to evaluate the influence of the level of the osteotomy cut on those soft-tissue changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Zeraatian Sam - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of oral clonidine in decreasing the prevalence and intensity of postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) rise in those undergoing phacoemulsification. Methods: This was a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial including 62 patients (each with 1 affected aye) with senile cataract scheduled for ...
Gracia J A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: An important fact when facing new technologies is their cost for the Health Publishes. The purpose of this paper is to compare the costs of performing TEM with harmonic scalpel and classic monopolar scalpel and to analyze complications. METHODS: Operation time, blood loss, and hospital stay were recorded to ...
Borderie Vincent M - - 2011
To compare anterior lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) with the reference surgical technique (penetrating keratoplasty [PK]) for risk of rejection. Retrospective, comparative case series. setting: Institutional. patients: One hundred forty-nine consecutive ALK procedures (ALK group) and 149 matched PK procedures (PK group) performed for optical indication in eyes with corneal diseases not ...
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