Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2859
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Rocha Flavio Trigo - - 2011
PURPOSE: Most groups have reported disappointing results with autoaugmentation or detrusor myectomy for low capacity/compliance neuropathic bladders. Failure may be due to an ischemic diverticulum or mucosal shrinkage. We investigated whether a Silimed® silicone balloon placed in the bladder after autoaugmentation could prevent these problems, improving surgical results. MATERIALS AND ...
Barbagli Guido - - 2011
Using pathological examination we evaluated the involvement of lichen sclerosus in urethral strictures in men. We performed an observational, descriptive, retrospective study of patients treated for genital lichen sclerosus who had at least 1 biopsy positive for lichen sclerosus. Study exclusion criteria were malignant penile lesions, incomplete data on personal ...
Sugano Kentaro - - 2011
The efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole has not been established for the prevention of recurrent gastric or duodenal ulcers in those receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection. This study sought to examine the efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole (15 mg once daily) for the secondary prevention of LDA-associated ...
So Yoon Kyoung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), regional lymph node metastasis (LNM) is associated with a increased locoregional recurrence rate. Yet, prophylactic central lymph node dissection (CLND) targeting subclinical central LNM continues to be a matter of debate in the treatment of PTMC, which generally carries an excellent prognosis. The aim ...
Chien Chun-Ru - - 2011
Hypotheses. The authors hypothesized that the use of alternative medicine, in the form of Chinese medicine (CM), among patients in the continuing care phase of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Taiwan is higher than the use in a matched control group of noncancer individuals. STUDY DESIGN: This was a case-control study. ...
Matkap Erkan - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of preoperative intravenous (IV) tramadol and preoperative tramadol infiltration of trocar sites on postoperative pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Operating room, recovery room, and surgical ward. PATIENTS: 70 ASA physical status 1 and 2 ...
Costantini Elisabetta - - 2011
PURPOSE: We reevaluated and brought up to date the 8-year followup of a previous published, randomized, controlled trial of the impact of Burch colposuspension as a prophylactic anti-incontinence procedure in patients without urinary incontinence who underwent abdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 66 continent women ...
van der Wal J B C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of the study was to determine the long-term effect of the use of a hyaluronic acid-carboxymethylcellulose membrane (Seprafilm) on the incidence of adhesions and subsequent small-bowel obstruction and chronic abdominal complaints after colorectal surgery (Hartmann's procedure). BACKGROUND:: Adhesions occur frequently after abdominal surgery and are the most ...
Liavaag Sigurd - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The treatment of primary traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation varies widely from no immobilization, to two or three weeks of immobilization in internal rotation with the arm in a sling, to treatment with a brace in external rotation. The aim of the present clinical trial was to compare immobilization in ...
Freund Yonathan - - 2011
In this study we aimed to determine whether isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) bolus is associated with hypotension in patients aged at least 75 years presenting to an emergency department (ED) with acute heart failure (AHF) syndrome. This is a retrospective study, and all patients with AHF presenting in our ED during ...
Krause Fabian G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Major modifications in the design and techniques of total ankle replacement have challenged the perception that ankle arthrodesis is the treatment of choice for end-stage ankle arthritis. High complication and revision rates have been reported after both procedures. METHODS: We performed radiographic evaluations at a mean of thirty-nine months ...
Sayed Khulood Mohammed - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the early visual impacts of various optical coherence tomographic (OCT) parameters after the first versus repeated intravitreal ranibizumab injection in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A retrospective comparative case series study was conducted on 20 eyes of 18 ...
Ichise Yasuyuki - - 2011
Background and Aim: The ideal method to remove small colorectal polyps is unknown. We compared removal by colon snare transection without electrocautery (cold snare polypectomy) with conventional electrocautery snare polypectomy (hot polypectomy) in terms of procedure duration, difficulty in retrieving polyps, bleeding, and post-polypectomy symptoms. Methods: Patients with colorectal polyps ...
Sossalla S - - 2011
AIM: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI), e.g. pantoprazole (PP), esomeprazole (EP) and omeprazole (OP), work as anti-ulcer/gastrointestinal reflux drugs. Also, they are widely used in postoperative care of patients in cardiac surgery to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Therefore, in western industrial countries they play a major economic role, representing one of ...
Miller Noam - - 2011
Groups of animals-flocks, herds, shoals, and swarms-are often dynamical entities. Relative positions of group members change, and most groups divide and re-form on multiple timescales. Few studies, however, have attempted to define when an animal is or is not within a group. Most authors adopt arbitrary distance thresholds, such as ...
Zhong Yisheng - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To compare the effects of latanoprost, travoprost, and bimatoprost on central corneal thickness (CCT). METHODS:: A total of 69 eyes of 69 patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension submitted to monotherapy with prostaglandin analogues (latanoprost 0.005%, travoprost 0.004%, or bimatoprost 0.03%) during a mean of 17.19 ± 15.71 months ...
Gurbanov E - - 2011
AIM: This study documents our experience with the use of ECMO in adult cardiac transplantation. Furthermore, in an attempt to improve outcomes of donor hearts with long ischemic times (LITs) we evaluated the efficacy of a strategy based on intraoperative ECMO (i-ECMO) circuit extended into postoperative cardiopulmonary support. METHODS: From ...
Bello Seidu Adebayo - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of total and partial wound closure techniques on immediate postoperative tissue reactions and complications after mandibular third molar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled study was carried out at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria. Patients were randomly ...
Smith Michelle J - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Despite increasing acceptance of endovascular coiling for treating intracranial aneurysms, incomplete occlusion remains a limitation. Attempts to reduce recanalization have prompted creation of polyglycolic/polylactic acid coated (Matrix) coils shown to improve neointima formation; however, previous publications demonstrate conflicting results regarding their efficacy. Few studies account for factors influencing recurrence ...
Kim Yong-Il - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the soft-tissue changes in the midfacial areas of patients who underwent conventional and high Le Fort I osteotomies with maxillary advancement, using voxel-by-voxel registration at the cranial bases, and to evaluate the influence of the level of the osteotomy cut on those soft-tissue changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Zeraatian Sam - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of oral clonidine in decreasing the prevalence and intensity of postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) rise in those undergoing phacoemulsification. Methods: This was a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial including 62 patients (each with 1 affected aye) with senile cataract scheduled for ...
Gracia J A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: An important fact when facing new technologies is their cost for the Health Publishes. The purpose of this paper is to compare the costs of performing TEM with harmonic scalpel and classic monopolar scalpel and to analyze complications. METHODS: Operation time, blood loss, and hospital stay were recorded to ...
Borderie Vincent M - - 2011
To compare anterior lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) with the reference surgical technique (penetrating keratoplasty [PK]) for risk of rejection. Retrospective, comparative case series. setting: Institutional. patients: One hundred forty-nine consecutive ALK procedures (ALK group) and 149 matched PK procedures (PK group) performed for optical indication in eyes with corneal diseases not ...
Teoh Anthony Yuen Bun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a prototype device (the one-step needle sphincterotome) versus direct incision and balloon dilation for creating transgastric access to the peritoneal cavity in a porcine model. METHODS: In five swine, 24 gastrotomies were created using direct incision followed by ...
Skawran S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) mesh repair is nowadays a well-established tension-free method for inguinal hernia repair. Mainly based on animal studies and case reports, a concern about the risk of postoperative infertility was expressed. This clinical study aimed to evaluate the risk of infertility due to obstructive azoospermia ...
Nasser L F - - 2011
Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of exogenous progesterone on superovulatory response and ova/embryo quality in Bos indicus donors superstimulated during the first follicular wave (FFW). We hypothesized that exogenous progesterone during gonadotropin treatments would improve ova and embryo quality. In Experiment 1, 18 Nelore cows were randomly ...
Yates David R DR Department of Urology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom. - - 2013
To evaluate the prostate cancer (CaP) detection rate and morbidity of performing a transurethral resection biopsy of the prostate (TURBP) at the same time as a saturation biopsy (SBx). A total of 102 men with previous negative transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsies underwent a SBx under formal anaesthesia. Fifty-four [54 (52.9%)] ...
Nikolopoulos D D - - 2011
PURPOSE: Primary TKA in valgus knees with a deformity of more than ten degrees may prove challenging, since bone and soft tissue abnormalities make accurate axis restoration, component orientation and joint stability attainment a difficult task. The purpose of this study was to determine which approach is optimal in these ...
Uraoka Toshio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been used recently for successful en bloc resection of even large lesions, although no consensus appears in medical literature concerning its application to elderly patients. This prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of colorectal ESD for patients 80 years of age ...
Hosgood S A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Combining hypothermic techniques, as a more practical approach to preservation, may enhance the condition of kidneys donated after cardiac death. METHODS: Porcine kidneys were retrieved after 10 min in situ warm ischaemia, then preserved by either 18 h static cold storage (CS), hypothermic machine perfusion for 18 h (HMP) ...
Suehiro Koichi - - 2011
PURPOSE: Single-lung ventilation (SLV) is thought to reduce regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)). In this study, we evaluated changes in rSO(2) during SLV and their correlation with perioperative changes in cognitive function. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients participated in this study, each of whom received combined thoracic epidural and general anesthesia. rSO(2) ...
Yamaguchi Naoyuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits en bloc removal of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, postprocedure stricture is common after ESD for extensive tumors, and multiple endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) is required for recalcitrant cases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of oral prednisolone in controlling postprocedure esophageal stricture. DESIGN: ...
Xu Qi-Rong - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the operative effects of linear stapled intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy with hand-sewn or circular stapled anastomosis in prevention of anastomotic stricture. METHOD: Between October 2007 and October 2009, 293 patients with esophageal or gastric cardia cancer underwent a curative intent resection. Patients ...
Karp Deborah R - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study aims to compare the efficacy of porcine graft-augmented anterior prolapse repair with and without underlying pubocervical fascia plication. METHODS: Women with symptomatic anterior prolapse who underwent transvaginal repair, using biologic graft via transobturator approach, were retrospectively studied. An initial cohort had the graft placed without ...
Choy Won Sik - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to compare the pain score, systemic opioid consumption, and range of motion (ROM) between the group where the use of continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) was discontinued on postoperative day 3 (POD 3) and the group where it was discontinued on POD 7 ...
Evliyaoğlu Yalçın - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate of the efficacy and reliability of a novel antimicrobial hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticle coating of urethral catheters, in the prophylaxis of biofilm formation and bacteriuria in rabbits. A total of 60 male rabbits were randomized to the control and study groups and each ...
Nassr Ayman O - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal adenocarcinoma is aetiologically associated with gastro-esophageal reflux, but the mechanisms responsible for the metaplasia-dysplasia sequence are unknown. Bile components are implicated. Impaired gallbladder function may contribute to duodenogastric reflux (DGR) and harmful GERD. AIMS: This study aims to compare gallbladder function in patients with Barrett's esophagus, adenocarcinoma, and ...
El Matri Leila - - 2011
To compare the 1-year functional and anatomical outcomes of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Review of retrospectively collected data of 80 eyes in 80 patients with myopic CNV treated with standard PDT (n = 40) or IVB (1.25 mg/ 0.05 ml) (n = 40). Best-corrected visual acuity ...
Fikkers Bernard G - - 2011
Percutaneous tracheostomy is frequently performed in long-term ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Unfortunately, despite many years of experience, the optimal technique is still unknown, especially considering the occurrence of late complications. The purpose of this study was to determine which of the two most frequently used percutaneous ...
Tan Yar-Li - - 2011
To investigate the incidence of postoperative complications arising in the first year after trabeculectomy and combined phacotrabeculectomy in eyes with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) vs those with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). This was a retrospective study of all glaucoma operations done at a Singapore hospital from January 9, 2001, to ...
Korets Ruslan - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: The use of bipolar electrocautery has proven advantages over monopolar energy during transurethral surgery by limiting hyponatremia and its clinical sequelae. Percutaneous ablation of caliceal diverticula and parapelvic renal cysts has been shown to be an effective surgical approach for the management of these conditions when ...
Martinez-Lopez Joaquin - - 2011
For establishing the true impact of different response categories in multiple myeloma patients treated with autologous stem cell transplantation we evaluated, after a median follow-up of 153 months, 344 MM patients transplanted between 1989 and 1998. OS at 12 years were 35% in Complete Response (CR) patients, 22% in Near ...
Yalcin Nadir - - 2011
Abstract. Large bearing metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) may offer advantages relating to stability and range of motion in patients with Crowe Type I and II developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purpose of this study was to provide an analysis of the clinical and radiological results of ...
Rinker Brian - - 2011
PURPOSE: The optimal management of a nerve gap within the fingers remains an unanswered question in hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to compare the sensory recovery, cost, and complication profile of digital nerve repair using autogenous vein and polyglycolic acid conduits. METHODS: We enrolled patients undergoing repair ...
Brown L C LC Vascular Surgery Research Group, Imperial College, London, - - 2011
The aim was to compare rates of myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death in patients with a large abdominal aortic aneurysm who had endovascular (EVAR) or open repair to determine whether cardiovascular mortality explains the convergence in survival curves after these procedures. Between 1999 and 2004, 1252 patients were randomized ...
Pons Beltrán Vicente - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: To obtain an adequate view of the whole small intestine during capsule endoscopy (CE) a clear liquid diet and overnight fasting is recommended. However, intestinal content can hamper vision in spite of these measures. Our aim was to evaluate tolerance and degree of intestinal cleanliness during ...
Iwahashi Makoto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to determine the optimal period for the prophylactic administration of the neutrophil elastase inhibitor, Sivelestat, in patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy. Sivelestat is reported to be effective in patients who undergo esophagectomy by providing an increased oxygenation ability and suppressing the serum inflammatory cytokines in ...
De Santiago-Miramontes María Angeles - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine whether flushing or the stimulus of estrogenized goats is necessary to achieve a high reproductive response in anestrous goats on rangeland. Does were feed-supplemented on rangeland (flushed, n = 20). Other group was exposed to estrogenized does during the mating period (stimulated, n = 20). A third group ...
Binbay Murat - - 2011
PURPOSE: We prospectively analyzed and compared the effectiveness and complications of pneumatic lithotripter with a holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser for the ureterorenoscopic management of impacted ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to January 2008, we performed retrograde endoscopic treatment in 288 patients with ureteral stones in our clinic. The ...
Gullà Nino - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the feasibility and the eventual advantages of ghost ileostomy (GI) versus covering stoma (CS) in terms of complications, hospital stay and quality of life of patients and their caregivers after anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: In this prospective ...
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