Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2897
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Vuylsteke M E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: In this histological study, the role of the intraluminal blood during endovenous laser ablation was assessed. METHODS: In 12 goats, 24 lateral saphenous veins were treated with a 1500-nm diode laser. Four goats were treated in an anti-Trendelenburg position (group 1). The next four goats were treated in a ...
Aggarwal Satish Kumar - - 2011
PURPOSE: We report 18 years' experience of traumatic urethral strictures in boys with emphasis on recurrent strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four boys with pelvic fracture urethral strictures underwent 35 repairs: 23 in the primary group (initial suprapubic cystostomy, but no urethral repair) and 12 in the re-do group (previously failed ...
Son Le Tan - - 2011
PURPOSE: Several options are available to drain the renal pelvis after a dysmembered pyeloplasty. The purpose of our study was to review the results of transrenal pelvic transanastomotic stenting following ureteropelvic junction obstruction pyeloplasty (UPJO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 238 patients with UPJO (243 renal units) ...
Okabe Hirohisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify the efficacy of portal vein embolization (PVE) before right hepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with regard to hepatic function, surgical stress, and survival benefit. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with HCC underwent right hepatectomy between 1999 and 2009. Preoperative PVE was ...
Ochoa-Gómez Raúl - - 2011
The objective of the study was to evaluate tamsulosin (TAM) efficacy in distal ureteral stone expulsion in Mexican patients. A double-blind clinical trial was carried out for a period of 4 weeks on 65 patients assigned to the following treatment groups: Group A, 32 patients receiving conventional treatment + TAM; and Group B, ...
Blitz Jeanna D - - 2011
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and postdischarge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) are common occurrences (50%-80%) after laparoscopic surgery. Palonosetron (Pal), the newest 5-HT3 antagonist, is an effective antiemetic that has advantages in treating PDNV due to its prolonged duration of action. We hypothesized that a combination of Pal and dexamethazone ...
Ricker Lukas J A G - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate the influence of subfoveal fluid and foveal thickness on visual outcome in patients who underwent reattachment surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). METHODS:: This prospective study included 53 patients who were undergoing successful scleral buckling surgery for primary RRD. A thorough ophthalmologic examination including best-corrected visual acuity, ...
Zhao Yongliang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopically assisted gastric surgery has become an option for the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, the feasibility and safety of laparoscopically assisted gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer has rarely been studied. This study evaluated the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopically assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for advanced gastric ...
Kim Jin Hyoung - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare retrospectively percutaneous transhepatic primary placement of a retrievable self-expanding metallic stent with percutaneous balloon dilation for the treatment of benign biliary strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2005-2009, 66 patients with benign biliary strictures in whom an endoscopic approach failed or in whom such an approach was inaccessible ...
Majid Omer Waleed - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of submucosal versus intramuscular administration of dexamethasone sodium phosphate on patients' quality of life after surgical removal of impacted lower third molars. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized, non-blind, clinical trial was planned. The sample was composed of patients ...
Timko Christine - - 2011
Background: This study implemented and evaluated procedures to help clinicians effectively refer dually diagnosed (substance use and psychiatric disorders) patients to dual-focused mutual-help groups (DFGs). Methods: Using a cohort cyclical turnover design, individuals with dual diagnoses beginning a new outpatient mental health treatment episode (N=287) entered a standard- or an ...
Aikawa Naoki - - 2011
Sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, has been approved in Japan for the treatment of patients with acute lung injury (ALI) associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) has ordered to conduct a postmarket clinical study in order to reevaluate the efficacy and safety ...
Talreja Jayant P - - 2011
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) for unresectable cholangiocarcinoma is associated with improvement in cholestasis and survival. Single operator cholangioscopy (SOC) has been used for targeted laser illumination. We analyzed our growing experience of SOC with direct PDT. This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of patients prospectively entered into a ...
El Henawi Diaa El Din Mohamed - - 2011
Objectives: To compare the efficacy of power-microdebrider-assisted inferior turbinoplasty (PAT) with submucosal resection (SMR) in the treatment of inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Methods: A prospective randomized clinical trial study of 46 patients with bilateral inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: PAT and SMR. Results: Intraoperative blood loss ...
Chen Hung-Shu - - 2011
PURPOSE: The ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA™) may be difficult to insert because of its large soft cuff, even when using a dedicated introducer tool. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether introduction of a stylet (Flexi-Slip™) in the drainage tube improved insertion characteristics compared with the standard ...
Azawi Osama Ibrahim - - 2011
The effect of GnRH administration on superovulatory response of ewes treated with equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) in breeding and nonbreeding seasons and the contribution of laparoscopic insemination to the improvement of fertilization and embryo recovery were investigated. Twenty-four nonpregnant Awassi ewes of 3-4 years of age were randomly allocated into two ...
Zhu H M - - 2011
This multicenter and randomized clinical trial showed that daily oral herbal formula Xian Ling Gu Bao (XLGB) was safe in postmenopausal women over a 1-year treatment. Those patients (n ∼ 50) treated with XLGB at the conventional dose demonstrated a statistically significant increase in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD) ...
Sert Hüseyin - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-flow sevoflurane and low-flow sevoflurane supplemented with remifentanil anesthesia on the recovery time, consumption amount of the anesthetic drugs and hemodynamic differences. Materials and Methods: A prospective, randomized and double-blinded study with 50 patients was designed. Following intubation, ...
Mao Wei-Lin - - 2011
The prevalence of CD4+CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (AoCLF) who received plasma exchange (PE) and/or medical treatment was investigated. One hundred five patients with AoCLF in two groups (PE plus routine-care, n = 48 and routine-care, n = 57) were enrolled in our study. In the PE group, ...
Saha Sibu P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The low thrombogenicity, porosity, and limited elasticity of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts, although beneficial, may exacerbate the problem of suture-line bleeding at vascular anastomoses and consequently lead to increased operating times. The overall objective of this prospective, randomized, controlled, subject-blinded, multicenter phase 2 study was to evaluate the ...
Presta Pierangela - - 2011
Older subjects, including those with normal renal function, have an increased risk of acute kidney injury. Preoperative statin therapy has been reported to improve renal outcome after cardiac surgery and to reduce inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass. No study has hitherto evaluated whether the positive effect of pretreatment with statins ...
Khandpur S - - 2011
Aim.  Palmoplantar psoriasis (PPP) produces significant morbidity and requires prompt treatment. Topical agents form the mainstay of therapy. We compared the efficacy and side-effect profile of a steroid/coal-tar combination with topical psoralen and solar ultraviolet A (PUVAsol) in PPP. Methods.  In total, 52 patients with PPP were randomized to receive ...
Jäderberg Sylvia - - 2012
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate and compare stability after 6 months of Essix retainer use. Patients' perceptions of wearing the retainer were also evaluated. A total of 69 patients, 53 girls and 16 boys [mean age 15.7 years, standard deviation (SD) 1.96], were included in the ...
Lovisetti Giovanni - - 2012
This retrospective review follows 31 tibial nonunions to compare union at the docking site using closed versus open strategies. In this cohort of patients, all but five were infected nonunions. Thirteen patients initially treated with single compression were compared with 18 patients treated by open revision of the docking site. ...
Tornese Davide D Center for Sports Rehabilitation, IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopedics Institute, Milan, - - 2011
To generate data on optimal shoulder position comparing two ultrasound-guided extracorporeal shock wave therapy techniques for the treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder. Random assignment to two groups of treatment with three months follow-up. The data were collected in outpatients. Thirty-five subjects affected by calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder ...
Hsiao Sheng-Mou - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate the urodynamic effects, therapeutic efficacy and safety of solifenacin versus tolterodine treatment for women with overactive bladder syndrome. Methods:  Patients were randomized to receive either solifenacin 5 mg or tolterodine ER 4 mg once a day for 12 weeks at each four-week visit in a post-marketing study. Only women ...
Hirata Yoshikazu - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Aspirin-induced enteropathy is increasing, but whether the type of aspirin affects the gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, especially small intestine, is unclear. The incidence of GI bleeding for buffered aspirin and enteric-coated aspirin was evaluated in patients receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Methods. This retrospective cohort ...
Paoli Donatella - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sperm mitochondrial integrity through analysis of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψ) and to correlate the energy status with variations in sperm motility. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Seminology Laboratory, University of Rome, Italy. PATIENT(S): Two hundred thirteen semen samples from the same number of patients, divided into two groups ...
Piotin Michel - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to compare the long-term (≥12 months) angiographic follow-up of aneurysms treated with polymer polyglycolic-lactic acid (PGLA)-coated coils versus bare platinum coils. METHODS: Long-term angiographic follow-up results of 90 aneurysms treated exclusively with PGLA-coated coils were retrospectively analyzed and compared to those of 158 aneurysms ...
Lau Hei-Yu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transobturator tension-free vaginal mesh (Perigee) and concomitant transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT-O) for treating cystocele with urodynamic stress incontinence (UDSI). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 115 patients with symptomatic stages 2-3 cystocele and UDSI who were treated with a Perigee system ...
Chang Hye Jin - - 2011
Aim:  In order to find the optimal exposure time of cryoprotectant, we performed a comparison of vitrification versus slow freezing according to the degree of normal morphology and apoptosis of human ovarian follicles. Materials and Methods:  Eleven patients aged 20-41 years who underwent operative laparoscopy for benign ovarian cysts or cesarean ...
Bauernfeind Tamas - - 2011
We aimed to evaluate the safety and long-term efficacy of the magnetic navigation system (MNS) in a large number of patients. The MNS has the potential for improving safety and efficacy based on atraumatic catheter design and superior navigation capabilities. In this study, 610 consecutive patients underwent ablation. Patients were ...
Imahashi N - - 2011
The effects of macrophage activation on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (allo-HSCT) have yet to be fully examined. A total of 70 adult patients who received a first allo-HSCT for hematological diseases were studied. We counted the number of hemophagocytic cells in BM clot sections on day +14±7, and ...
Wong Wu Shun Felix - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and result of LAVH performed in virgins and nulliparae. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of 297 consecutive cases of LAVH using the Biswas Uterine Vaginal Elevator (BUVE) in a private hospital in Hong Kong for benign gynaecological conditions between July 2006 and February 2009. Variables analysed ...
Gil-Cazorla Raquel - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) performed with a femtosecond laser vs a mechanical microkeratome for the correction of low to moderate hyperopia. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional, comparative case series. METHODS: settings: Vissum Santa Hortensia, Madrid, Spain.study population and procedures: Patients who had undergone LASIK ...
Wu Yungang - - 2011
Between March 2003 and September 2007, 170 consecutive patients with lumbar degenerative disease were studied retrospectively. Eighty patients underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF group) with pedicle screw (PS) fixation, and 82 patients underwent posterolateral fusion (PLF group) with PS fixation. Eight patients were lost to follow-up. The minimum follow-up ...
Bastos André Netto - - 2011
PURPOSE: Androgen stimulation before hypospadias surgery has resulted in increased penile size, fewer complications and improved cosmesis, and suggests increased neovascularization. To our knowledge the real effect on neovascularization remains to be proved. We studied the histological effects of testosterone on neovascularization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 26 boys ...
Sandeman D J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> The effect of adding transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks to local anaesthetic infiltration on morphine consumption and postoperative pain in children undergoing laparoscopic appendicectomy is unknown. METHODS: /st> After random allocation, 93 children aged 7-16 were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided TAP blocks placed before surgery or not (control). ...
Rocha Flavio Trigo - - 2011
PURPOSE: Most groups have reported disappointing results with autoaugmentation or detrusor myectomy for low capacity/compliance neuropathic bladders. Failure may be due to an ischemic diverticulum or mucosal shrinkage. We investigated whether a Silimed® silicone balloon placed in the bladder after autoaugmentation could prevent these problems, improving surgical results. MATERIALS AND ...
Moreau Philippe P University Hospital, Nantes, France. - - 2011
Intravenous injection is the standard administration route of bortezomib; however, subcutaneous administration is an important alternative. We compared the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous versus intravenous bortezomib at the approved 1·3 mg/m(2) dose and twice per week schedule in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma. This randomised, phase 3 study was ...
Barbagli Guido - - 2011
Using pathological examination we evaluated the involvement of lichen sclerosus in urethral strictures in men. We performed an observational, descriptive, retrospective study of patients treated for genital lichen sclerosus who had at least 1 biopsy positive for lichen sclerosus. Study exclusion criteria were malignant penile lesions, incomplete data on personal ...
Sugano Kentaro - - 2011
The efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole has not been established for the prevention of recurrent gastric or duodenal ulcers in those receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection. This study sought to examine the efficacy of low-dose lansoprazole (15 mg once daily) for the secondary prevention of LDA-associated ...
So Yoon Kyoung - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), regional lymph node metastasis (LNM) is associated with a increased locoregional recurrence rate. Yet, prophylactic central lymph node dissection (CLND) targeting subclinical central LNM continues to be a matter of debate in the treatment of PTMC, which generally carries an excellent prognosis. The aim ...
Chien Chun-Ru - - 2011
Hypotheses. The authors hypothesized that the use of alternative medicine, in the form of Chinese medicine (CM), among patients in the continuing care phase of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in Taiwan is higher than the use in a matched control group of noncancer individuals. STUDY DESIGN: This was a case-control study. ...
Matkap Erkan - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of preoperative intravenous (IV) tramadol and preoperative tramadol infiltration of trocar sites on postoperative pain and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Operating room, recovery room, and surgical ward. PATIENTS: 70 ASA physical status 1 and 2 ...
Costantini Elisabetta - - 2011
PURPOSE: We reevaluated and brought up to date the 8-year followup of a previous published, randomized, controlled trial of the impact of Burch colposuspension as a prophylactic anti-incontinence procedure in patients without urinary incontinence who underwent abdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 66 continent women ...
van der Wal J B C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of the study was to determine the long-term effect of the use of a hyaluronic acid-carboxymethylcellulose membrane (Seprafilm) on the incidence of adhesions and subsequent small-bowel obstruction and chronic abdominal complaints after colorectal surgery (Hartmann's procedure). BACKGROUND:: Adhesions occur frequently after abdominal surgery and are the most ...
Liavaag Sigurd - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The treatment of primary traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation varies widely from no immobilization, to two or three weeks of immobilization in internal rotation with the arm in a sling, to treatment with a brace in external rotation. The aim of the present clinical trial was to compare immobilization in ...
Freund Yonathan - - 2011
In this study we aimed to determine whether isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) bolus is associated with hypotension in patients aged at least 75 years presenting to an emergency department (ED) with acute heart failure (AHF) syndrome. This is a retrospective study, and all patients with AHF presenting in our ED during ...
Krause Fabian G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Major modifications in the design and techniques of total ankle replacement have challenged the perception that ankle arthrodesis is the treatment of choice for end-stage ankle arthritis. High complication and revision rates have been reported after both procedures. METHODS: We performed radiographic evaluations at a mean of thirty-nine months ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >